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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656529/residue-transfer-and-risk-assessment-of-carbendazim-in-tea
#1
Li Zhou, Yaping Jiang, Qin Lin, Xuan Wang, Xinzhong Zhang, Jie Xu, Zongmao Chen
BACKGROUND: The carbendazim residue in tea was a public concern. The large gap in the maximum residue limits (MRLs) for carbendazim in tea made it difficult to conduct pesticide management. Therefore, a systemic evaluation of the residue and health risk of carbendazim from the tea garden to the brewed tea was investigated. RESULTS: The dissipation of carbendazim in tea shoots followed first-order rate kinetics, with a half-life (T1/2 ) of 2.6 days. In green tea manufacturing, the carbendazim decrease of 2...
April 15, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656333/interferon-%C3%AE-salvage-treatment-is-effective-for-patients-with-acute-leukemia-myelodysplastic-syndrome-with-unsatisfactory-response-to-minimal-residual-disease-directed-donor-lymphocyte-infusion-after-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#2
Xiaodong Mo, Xiaohui Zhang, Lanping Xu, Yu Wang, Chenhua Yan, Huan Chen, Yuhong Chen, Wei Han, Fengrong Wang, Jingzhi Wang, Kaiyan Liu, Xiaojun Huang
The efficacy of salvage interferon-α (IFN-α) treatment was investigated in patients with unsatisfactory response to minimal residual disease (MRD)-directed donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) (n = 24). Patients who did not become MRD-negative at 1 month after DLI were those with unsatisfactory response and were eligible to receive salvage IFN-α treatment within 3 months of DLI. Recombinant human IFN-α-2b injections were subcutaneously administered 2-3 times a week for 6 months. Nine (37.5%), 6 (25.0%), and 3 (12...
April 14, 2018: Frontiers of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656024/protein-synthesis-in-the-basolateral-amygdala-complex-is-required-for-consolidation-of-a-first-order-fear-memory-but-not-for-consolidation-of-a-higher-order-fear-memory
#3
Dana M Leidl, Belinda P P Lay, Cassandra Chakouch, R Frederick Westbrook, Nathan M Holmes
The present series of experiments pursued our recent findings that consolidation of a second-order fear memory requires neuronal activity, but not de novo protein synthesis, in the basolateral amygdala complex (BLA). It used a modified second-order conditioning protocol in which rats were exposed to S1-shock pairings in stage 1 and pairings of the serial S2-S1 compound and shock in stage 2. Experiment 1 showed that responding (freezing) to S2 in this protocol is conditional on its compounding with S1 in stage 2 (Experiment 1), and therefore, the result of associative formation...
April 12, 2018: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655977/dexmedetomidine-or-fentanyl-cardiovascular-stability-and-analgesia-during-propofol-ketamine-total-intravenous-anaesthesia-in-experimental-pigs
#4
Andreas Lervik, Joanna Raszplewicz, Birgit Ranheim, Susanna Solbak, Simen F Toverud, Henning A Haga
OBJECTIVE: To compare cardiovascular function and response to nociception during total intravenous anaesthesia in pigs with propofol, ketamine and either dexmedetomidine or fentanyl administered as a continuous infusion. STUDY DESIGN: Blinded, randomized, balanced, crossover study ANIMALS: Eight immunocastrated male, mixed breed pigs with a mean ± standard deviation body weight of 26.4 ± 1.9 kg for dexmedetomidine and 27.5 ± 3.8 kg for fentanyl treatment...
December 5, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655718/quantitative-analyses-of-the-bitterness-and-astringency-of-catechins-from-green-tea
#5
Yong-Quan Xu, Ying-Na Zhang, Jian-Xin Chen, Fang Wang, Qi-Zhen Du, Jun-Feng Yin
Bitterness and astringency are two important quality attributes of green tea infusion, and catechins are the main contributor to the bitterness and astringency. The aim of this work was to quantitatively analyse the bitterness and astringency of green tea infusion according to the concentrations of catechins. The concentration-taste curves of catechins showed a pattern that fit the cubic functions, and their R2 values were higher than 0.956. The bitterness of green tea was highly correlated with the concentrations of (-)-epigallocatechin gallate and (-)-epicatechin gallate (ECG) (R2  = 0...
August 30, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655373/the-risk-of-adverse-events-related-to-extended-dwell-peripheral-intravenous-access
#6
Sara Campagna, Silvia Gonella, Pietro Antonio Zerla, Gianvito Corona, Tiziana Correggia, Baudolino Mussa, Paola Berchialla, Valerio Dimonte
Midline catheters (MCs) may be useful to avoid repeated venipuncture in patients requiring prolonged intravenous infusions with limited adverse events (AEs). We analyzed 2 Italian hospital databases to ascertain the safety of MCs. Among 1,538 adult patients, 154 MC-related AEs (10%; 2.49 AEs per 1,000 MC days) were reported.Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2018;1-3.
April 15, 2018: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653455/identification-isolation-and-determination-of-biomarkers-for-quality-control-of-bush-tea-athrixia-phyllicoides
#7
Lefa J Lerotholi, Sushil K Chaudhary, Weiyang Chen, Clinton G L Veale, Sandra Combrinck, Alvaro M Viljoen
Athrixia phylicoides , known as "bush tea", grows abundantly in South Africa. An infusion of the leaves is used as a beverage and to treat a multitude of health conditions. The aim of this study was to investigate the chemical variation within A. phylicoides and to identify characteristic compounds for quality control. Samples from 12 locations in South Africa were analysed using ultra-performance liquid chromatography. Hierarchical cluster analysis of the aligned ultra-performance liquid chromatography-time-of-flight mass spectrometry data indicated two groups on the resulting dendrogram, representing 48 samples...
April 13, 2018: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653410/rescue-of-iciks-transfer-from-pd-1-pd-l1-immune-inhibition-in-patients-with-resectable-tongue-squamous-cell-carcinoma-tscc
#8
Xiaofeng Huang, Jing Zhang, Xiaolong Li, Hongxing Huang, Ying Liu, Mei Yu, Yan Zhang, Hua Wang
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy and the role of PD-1/PD-L1 pathway in tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC) patients treated with radical operation combined with chemotherapy and improving cytokine induced killer cells (iCIKs) transfer. METHODS: Thirteen patients who received radical resection and chemotherapy were enrolled in this study. PD-1/PD-L1 expression was evaluated in TSCC patients. ICIKs were cultured from patient-derived peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) in vitro...
April 10, 2018: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652893/glucose-sensor-augmented-continuous-subcutaneous-insulin-infusion-in-patients-with-diabetic-gastroparesis-an-open-label-pilot-prospective-study
#9
Jorge Calles-Escandón, Kenneth L Koch, William L Hasler, Mark L Van Natta, Pankaj J Pasricha, James Tonascia, Henry P Parkman, Frank Hamilton, William H Herman, Marina Basina, Bruce Buckingham, Karen Earle, Kjersti Kirkeby, Kristen Hairston, Tamis Bright, Amy E Rothberg, Andrew T Kraftson, Elias S Siraj, Angela Subauste, Linda A Lee, Thomas L Abell, Richard W McCallum, Irene Sarosiek, Linda Nguyen, Ronnie Fass, William J Snape, Ivana A Vaughn, Laura A Miriel, Gianrico Farrugia
Erratic blood glucose levels can be a cause and consequence of delayed gastric emptying in patients with diabetes. It is unknown if better glycemic control increases risks of hypoglycemia or improves hemoglobin A1c levels and gastrointestinal symptoms in diabetic gastroparesis. This study investigated the safety and potential efficacy of continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) and continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) in poorly controlled diabetes with gastroparesis. Forty-five type 1 or 2 patients with diabetes and gastroparesis and hemoglobin A1c >8% from the NIDDK Gastroparesis Consortium enrolled in a 24 week open-label pilot prospective study of CSII plus CGM...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652752/practice-change-from-intermittent-medication-boluses-to-bolusing-from-a-continuous-infusion-in-pediatric-critical-care-a-quality-improvement-project
#10
Jessica L Hochstetler, A Jill Thompson, Natalie M Ball, Melissa C Evans, Shaun C Frame, A Lauren Haney, Amelia K Little, Jaime L O'Donnell, Bryna M Rickett, Elizabeth H Mack
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether implementing a guideline to bolus medications from continuous infusions in PICUs affects nursing satisfaction, patient safety, central line entries, medication utilization, or cost. DESIGN: This is a pre- and postimplementation quality improvement study. SETTING: An 11-bed ICU and 14-bed cardiac ICU in a university-affiliated children's hospital. PATIENTS: Patients less than 18 years old admitted to the PICU or pediatric cardiac ICU receiving a continuous infusion of dexmedetomidine, midazolam, fentanyl, morphine, vecuronium, or cisatracurium from May 2015 to May 2016, excluding November 2015 (washout period), were eligible for inclusion...
April 12, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652517/angiotensin-1-7-attenuated-cigarette-smoking-related-pulmonary-fibrosis-via-improving-the-impaired-autophagy-caused-by-nox4-dependent-ros
#11
Miaoxia Pan, Zemao Zheng, Yan Chen, Nana Sun, Bojun Zheng, Qianjie Yang, Yue Zhang, Xu Li, Ying Meng
Cigarette smoking is acknowledged as the major risk factor of pulmonary fibrosis. Angiotensin II (Ang II) has been reported to aggravate the smoking-induced lung fibrosis, whereas the effect of angiotensin-(1-7) (Ang-(1-7)) on smoking-related lung fibrosis remains unknown. The autophagy, being activated by reactive oxygen species (ROS), is identified as a novel mechanism of pulmonary fibrosis. However, whether autophagy involves in regulation of smoking-induced lung fibrosis still needs investigation. Here, we aim to investigate the effect of Ang-(1-7) on smoking-related lung fibrosis by the regulation of autophagy and ROS...
April 13, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652278/effects-of-glargine-insulin-on-glycemic-control-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-type-ii-undergoing-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-graft
#12
Hemang Gandhi, Alpesh Sarvaia, Amber Malhotra, Himanshu Acharya, Komal Shah, Jeevraj Rajavat
Background: The prevalence of diabetes mellitus in patients requiring coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is noticeably high (20%-30%). These patients have inferior perioperative outcome, reduced long-term survival, and high risk of recurrent episodes of angina. To improve perioperative outcome surgical unit defined satisfactory glycemic control is desired during this period. Hence, the aim of our study is to compare the efficacy of glargine insulin combination with continuous human insulin infusion for perioperative glycemic control in patients with diabetes undergoing CABG...
April 2018: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652275/dexmedetomidine-versus-ketofol-sedation-for-outpatient-diagnostic-transesophageal-echocardiography-a-randomized-controlled-study
#13
S Sruthi, Banashree Mandal, Manoj K Rohit, Goverdhan Datt Puri
Background: Moderate sedation is required for out-patient transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). Our objective was to compare the effect of Ketofol and dexmedetomidine for outpatient procedural sedation in diagnostic TEE with a hypothesis that Ketofol would be as effective as dexmedetomidine. Patients and. Methods: Fifty adult patients of age group 18-60 years with atrial septal defect, rheumatic valvular heart disease undergoing diagnostic TEE in the outpatient echocardiography laboratory were randomized into two groups, group D and group KF...
April 2018: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652273/assessment-of-the-effect-of-two-regimens-of-milrinone-infusion-in-pediatric-patients-undergoing-fontan-procedure-a-randomized-study
#14
Rabie Soliman, Adel Ragheb
Objective: The aim of the study was to compare the effect of two different regimens of milrinone on hemodynamics and oxygen saturation in pediatric patients undergoing Fontan procedure. Design: This was a randomized study. Setting: Cardiac centers. Patients: This study included 116 patients undergoing Fontan procedure. Material and Methods: Group E: Milrinone was started as infusion 0.5 μg/kg/min without a loading dose at the beginning of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) followed by infusion 0...
April 2018: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652271/prophylactic-preoperative-levosimendan-for-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-in-patients-with-left-ventricular-dysfunction-single-centered-randomized-prospective-study
#15
Pushkar Mahendra Desai, Manjula S Sarkar, Sanjeeta R Umbarkar
Background: Off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (OPCAB) is often complicated by hemodynamic instability, especially in patients with prior left ventricular (LV) dysfunction and appropriate choice of inotrope plays a vital role in perioperative management of these patients. Aim and Objective: To study hemodynamic effects and immediate outcome of prophylactic infusion of levosimendan in patients with the LV dysfunction undergoing OPCAB surgery and whether this strategy helps in successful conduct of OPCAB surgery...
April 2018: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652233/first-in-human-evaluation-of-the-cleveland-multiport-catheter-for-convection-enhanced-delivery-of-topotecan-in-recurrent-high-grade-glioma-results-of-pilot-trial-1
#16
Michael A Vogelbaum, Cathy Brewer, Gene H Barnett, Alireza M Mohammadi, David M Peereboom, Manmeet S Ahluwalia, Shenqiang Gao
OBJECTIVE Progress in management of high-grade gliomas (HGGs) has been hampered by poor access of potential therapeutics to the CNS. The Cleveland Multiport Catheter (CMC), which deploys 4 independent delivery microcatheters, was developed to be a reliable, high-volume delivery device for delivery of therapeutic agents to the brain and other solid organs. The authors undertook this first-in-human clinical trial effort to evaluate the delivery characteristics of the CMC in patients with HGGs. METHODS A series of pilot studies were launched after approval of a sponsor-investigator IND (investigational new drug) application to evaluate the delivery of topotecan and gadolinium-DTPA (Gd-DTPA) via the CMC in patients with recurrent HGG...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651918/updated-report-on-incidence-of-infusion-site-reactions-associated-with-peripheral-intravenous-administration-of-fosaprepitant
#17
Eric Chau, Jordan Lundberg, Gary Phillips, Michael Berger, Robert Wesolowski
Purpose Fosaprepitant (Emend®) is an antiemetic frequently used for the prevention of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. We previously documented an overall 28.7% incidence of infusion-site reactions in patients receiving fosaprepitant via peripheral venous access. These data resulted in a practice change within our institution; fosaprepitant is administered in more dilute concentrations over 30 min to prevent these adverse events. This retrospective study explored the impact of this practice change on the incidence of infusion-site reactions...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651581/single-15-min-protocol-yields-the-same-cryoablation-size-and-margin-as-the-conventional-10-8-10-min-protocol-results-of-kidney-and-liver-swine-experiment
#18
John D Werner, Aline C Tregnago, George J Netto, Constantine Frangakis, Christos S Georgiades
INTRODUCTION: The objective was to determine the ablation size of a single 15-min freeze and compare it with the conventional 10-min freeze-8-min thaw-10-min freeze protocol. Secondary objectives were to determine the ablation margin and to ascertain whether islands of viable tissue remain within the ablation zone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five adult swine under general anesthesia were used. After surgical abdominal exposure, two ablations were performed in liver and two in kidney...
April 12, 2018: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651554/dual-species-biofilm-of-listeria-monocytogenes-and-escherichia-coli-on-stainless-steel-surface
#19
Aline Zago de Grandi, Uelinton Manoel Pinto, Maria Teresa Destro
Listeria monocytogenes is a Gram-positive bacterium commonly associated with foodborne diseases. Due its ability to survive under adverse environmental conditions and to form biofilm, this bacterium is a major concern for the food industry, since it can compromise sanitation procedures and increase the risk of post-processing contamination. Little is known about the interaction between L. monocytogenes and Gram-negative bacteria on biofilm formation. Thus, in order to evaluate this interaction, Escherichia coli and L...
April 12, 2018: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651510/-vomiting-and-collapse-of-a-28-year-old-male-long-distance-runner-in-middle-european-summer
#20
J Herold, A Mitrasch, E Lorenz, U Lodes, I Tanev, R Braun-Dullaeus, F Meyer
BACKGROUND: Hyperthermia often ends fatally and must therefore be promptly recognized and adequately treated. CASE: A 28-year-old man participated in a long-distance race (3 km) on a hot summer day (28 °C). The runner collapsed, had to vomit but continued the run and reached the finish. Neurologically, the patient presented with intermittent cerebral seizures. External cooling batteries were immediately applied and cold infusions were started. The patient was admitted to the intensive care unit of the university hospital (body temperature 40...
April 12, 2018: Der Internist
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