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Narrative psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109262/implementation-of-early-intensive-behavioural-intervention-for-children-with-autism-in-switzerland
#1
Nadja Studer, Ronnie Gundelfinger, Tanja Schenker, Hans-Christoph Steinhausen
BACKGROUND: There is a major gap between the US and most European countries regarding the implementation of early intensive behavioural intervention (EIBI) for children with autism. The present paper reports on the current status of EIBI in Switzerland and on the effectiveness of EIBI under clinical conditions in a Swiss pilot project. METHODS: The paper combines a narrative report of the care system for children with autism in Switzerland and an initial evaluation of EIBI as implemented in the Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, University of Zurich...
January 21, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073811/exploratory-trials-in-mental-health-anything-to-learn-from-other-disciplines
#2
Sven Trelle
OBJECTIVE: Confirmatory randomised controlled trials require solid justifications, especially with regard to whether the experimental intervention is promising. Such evidence is generated in exploratory trials. However, empirical evidence shows that the quality of such trials is still suboptimal. More generally, the development process of healthcare interventions and especially of drugs, remains inefficient. Over the past 10-20 years, a vast amount of methodological work has been published about exploratory trials...
February 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977222/preserving-guilt-in-the-age-of-psychology-the-curious-career-of-o-hobart-mowrer
#3
Corbin Page
O. Hobart Mowrer had one of the most productive and curious careers of any psychologist in the 20th century, despite struggling with severe mental illness and anxiety about his sexuality. Early in his career, he was one of the country's leading experimental psychologists. During the mid-1940s, he became interested in religion and argued that anxiety was caused by repressed guilt that came from real wrongdoing. By the late 1950s, he had abandoned mainstream psychology, arguing that religion had been corrupted by its embrace of psychology and psychiatry...
December 15, 2016: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936255/-nursing-progress-notes-in-psychiatry-mental-health-archival-data
#4
Sandra Harrisson
Introduction Nurses' notes are used primarily as a communication tool between nurses, doctors and member of the professional team to ensure continuity of patient care. They contain life-history of individuals with mental health disorders. This nurses' communication tool describes the patient care during hospitalization in acute psychiatric ward. In fact, these observations contained in the progress notes represent more than a simple picture of mental illness. They always tell a story constructed by socio-cultural norms...
December 0: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900735/electronic-monitoring-of-self-reported-mood-the-return-of-the-subjective
#5
REVIEW
Abigail Ortiz, Paul Grof
This narrative review describes recent developments in the use of technology for utilizing the self-monitoring of mood, provides some relevant background, and suggests some promising directions. Subjective experience of mood is one of the valuable sources of information about the state of an integrated mind/brain system. During the past century, psychiatry and psychology moved away from subjectivity, emphasizing external observation, precise measurement, and laboratory techniques. This shift, however, provided only a limited improvement in the understanding of mood disorders, and it appears that self-monitoring of mood has the potential to enrich our knowledge, particularly when combined with the advances in technology...
December 2016: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779294/-comparison-of-efficacy-of-psychiatric-treatment-versus-treatment-in-general-medicine
#6
L M Bijkersma-Pot, P Cuijpers, A T F Beekman, R A Schoevers
There is increasing attention to the costs and efficacy of health care and in particular to psychiatry. To weigh the costs and benefits appropriately, it is important to be able to compare effects.<br/> AIM: To describe the efficacy of psychiatric treatment compared to treatment in general medicine.<br/> METHOD: Narrative review.<br/> RESULTS: The average effect size of psychiatric treatment was 0.49 and that of general medicine treatment 0.45. The effect size of psychotherapy varied from 0...
2016: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742528/age-friendly-communities-initiative-public-health-approach-to-promoting-successful-aging
#7
REVIEW
Dilip V Jeste, Dan G Blazer, Kathleen C Buckwalter, Keri-Leigh K Cassidy, Len Fishman, Lisa P Gwyther, Saul M Levin, Christopher Phillipson, Ramesh R Rao, Ellen Schmeding, William A Vega, Julie A Avanzino, Danielle K Glorioso, John Feather
Older adults consistently prefer aging in place, which requires a high level of community support and services that are currently lacking. With a rapidly aging population, the present infrastructure for healthcare will prove even more inadequate to meet seniors' physical and mental health needs. A paradigm shift away from the sole focus on delivery of interventions at an individual level to more prevention-focused, community-based approaches will become essential. Recent initiatives have been proposed to promote healthy lifestyles and preventive care to enable older adults to age in place...
December 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647604/personal-suffering-and-social-criticism-in-t-s-eliot-s-the-waste-land-and-a-ginsberg-s-howl-implications-for-social-psychiatry
#8
Moritz E Wigand, Hauke F Wiegand, Nicolas Rüsch, Thomas Becker
BACKGROUND: T. S. Eliot's The Waste Land and A. Ginsberg's Howl are two landmark poems of the 20th century which have a unique way of dealing with emotional suffering. AIMS: (a) To explore the interplay between emotional suffering, conflicting relationships and societal perceptions; (b) to show the therapeutic effect of the writing process; (c) to analyse the portrayal of 'madness'; and (d) to discuss, in contemporary psychiatric terms, the 'solutions' offered by the poets...
September 19, 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566494/does-environmental-exposure-to-the-greenhouse-gas-n2o-contribute-to-etiological-factors-in-neurodevelopmental-disorders-a-mini-review-of-the-evidence
#9
REVIEW
Keith Fluegge
BACKGROUND: Neurodevelopmental disorders are increasing in prevalence worldwide. Previous work suggests that exposure to the environmental air pollutant and greenhouse gas - nitrous oxide (N2O) - may be an etiological factor in neurodevelopmental disorders through the targeting of several neural correlates. METHODOLOGY: While a number of recent systematic reviews have addressed the role of general anesthesia in the surgical setting and neurodevelopmental outcomes, a narrative mini-review was conducted to first define and characterize the relevant variables (i...
October 2016: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27555554/innovative-strength-based-care-in-child-and-adolescent-inpatient-psychiatry
#10
Deanna P Sams, David Garrison, Joanne Bartlett
PROBLEM: Child and adolescent psychiatric units serve the highest risk, most vulnerable populations in the mental health delivery system. This article describes the integration of a strength-based approach with a traditional, medical model of psychiatric care on an acute inpatient unit. A strength-based framework allows for increased focus on exploring patients' goals, strengths, relationships, skills, and family communication within the hospital setting. METHODS: The process of integration of strength-based care is described, followed by discussion of the implementation and evaluation of interventions, including mindfulness, family movie, narrative, and animal-assisted therapies...
August 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27553610/utilization-of-standardized-mental-health-assessments-in-anthropological-research-possibilities-and-pitfalls
#11
Emily Mendenhall, Kristin Yarris, Brandon A Kohrt
In the past decade anthropologists working the boundary of culture, medicine, and psychiatry have drawn from ethnographic and epidemiological methods to interdigitate data and provide more depth in understanding critical health problems. But rarely do these studies incorporate psychiatric inventories with ethnographic analysis. This article shows how triangulation of research methods strengthens scholars' ability (1) to draw conclusions from smaller data sets and facilitate comparisons of what suffering means across contexts; (2) to unpack the complexities of ethnographic and narrative data by way of interdigitating narratives with standardized evaluations of psychological distress; and (3) to enhance the translatability of narrative data to interventionists and to make anthropological research more accessible to policymakers...
December 2016: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27522170/based-on-a-true-story-the-portrayal-of-ect-in-international-movies-and-television-programs
#12
Pascal Sienaert
BACKGROUND: Movies and television (TV) programs are an important source of public information about ECT. OBJECTIVE: To narratively review the portrayal of ECT in international movies and TV programs from 1948 until present. METHODS: Several Internet movie databases and a database of phrases appearing in movies and TV programs were searched, supplemented with a Medline-search. No language restrictions were applied. RESULTS: ECT was portrayed in 52 movies (57 scenes), 21 TV programs (23 scenes), and 2 animated sitcoms (2 scenes)...
November 2016: Brain Stimulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27457306/a-qualitative-study-of-the-subjective-appraisal-of-recovery-among-people-with-lived-experience-of-schizophrenia-in-poland
#13
Izabela Nowak, Justyna Waszkiewicz, Piotr Świtaj, Marlena Sokół-Szawłowska, Marta Anczewska
The objective of this study was to explore definitions of recovery among Polish service users with lived experience of schizophrenia and to hear their recommendations regarding elements that should be considered in the planning of a recovery oriented psychosocial intervention. Four semi-structured focus groups were conducted in the Institute of Psychiatry and Neurology in Warsaw, Poland. A total of 28 service users' narratives were examined using the inductive thematic analysis approach. Five main recovery themes emerged from the combined users accounts, listed in order of frequency: psychological dimension of recovery, relationships with others, wellness strategies, clinical understanding of recovery and support systems...
July 25, 2016: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27343883/the-status-of-irritability-in-psychiatry-a-conceptual-and-quantitative-review
#14
REVIEW
Pablo Vidal-Ribas, Melissa A Brotman, Isabel Valdivieso, Ellen Leibenluft, Argyris Stringaris
OBJECTIVE: Research and clinical interest in irritability have been on the rise in recent years. Yet several questions remain about the status of irritability in psychiatry, including whether irritability can be differentiated from other symptoms, whether it forms a distinct disorder, and whether it is a meaningful predictor of clinical outcomes. In this article, we try to answer these questions by reviewing the evidence on how reliably irritability can be measured and its validity. METHOD: We combine a narrative and systematic review and meta-analysis of studies...
July 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27329437/systematic-review-of-patients-participation-in-and-experiences-of-technology-based-monitoring-of-mental-health-symptoms-in-the-community
#15
Sophie Walsh, Eoin Golden, Stefan Priebe
OBJECTIVES: To review systematically the literature on patients' experiences of, and participation in, technology-based monitoring of mental health symptoms. This practice was defined as patients monitoring their mental health symptoms, emotions or behaviours outside of routine clinical appointments by submitting symptom data using technology, with feedback arising from the data (for example, supportive messages or symptom summaries, being sent to the patient, clinician or carer). DESIGN: Systematic review following PRISMA guidelines of studies evaluating technology-based symptom monitoring...
2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27233811/beyond-awareness-of-difference-and-towards-social-action-solidarity-practice-alongside-young-people
#16
Taiwo Afuape
Who I am as a working-class black African woman cannot be disconnected from how I work. It shapes my lens with regard to power, difference and liberation. It is not surprising that I have been drawn to social justice approaches to psychological intervention, such as Narrative Therapy, Coordinated Management of Meaning (CMM), social constructionist systemic therapy and liberation psychology. These practices involve taking up the cause of the oppressed in ways that respect them as agents of their own liberation...
July 2016: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27130727/psychiatry-training-experiences-a-narrative-synthesis
#17
Aspasia Karageorge, Anthony Llewellyn, Louise Nash, Claire Maddocks, Dimitra Kaldelis, Harsimrat Sandhu, James Edwards, Brian Kelly
OBJECTIVE: In Australia and internationally, psychiatry has struggled to fill training places to keep up with demand for service. The objective of this study was to review the components of psychiatry terms and placements that determine a positive experience and potentially influence interest in vocational training in psychiatry. METHOD: A literature review and narrative synthesis was undertaken on 20 papers identified as meeting inclusion criteria. RESULTS: The top themes contributing to positive experiences during the psychiatry term were: receiving high quality supervision; supported autonomy; and witnessing patient recovery...
June 2016: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27120720/jack-kerouac-revisited-madness-in-on-the-road-between-stigma-and-glorification
#18
Moritz E Wigand, Nicolas Rüsch, Thomas Becker
On the Road is a classic American novel that appeared at a time of great political, cultural, and psychiatric upheaval. Published almost 60 years ago, it still exerts great influence. We propose that the affirmative approach toward "madness" in the novel can enlighten our understanding of alternative perceptions of mental illness. The novel is analyzed with quantifying and narrative methods focusing on the concept of madness, which is a prominent theme in the novel. Stigma and glorification of madness can be found throughout the text...
April 26, 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27107752/parent-child-bed-sharing-the-good-the-bad-and-the-burden-of-evidence
#19
REVIEW
Viara R Mileva-Seitz, Marian J Bakermans-Kranenburg, Chiara Battaini, Maartje P C M Luijk
The practice of parent and child sharing a sleeping surface, or 'bed-sharing', is one of the most controversial topics in parenting research. The lay literature has popularized and polarized this debate, offering on one hand claims of dangers, and on the other, of benefits - both physical and psychological - associated with bed-sharing. To address the scientific evidence behind such claims, we systematically reviewed 659 published papers (peer-reviewed, editorial pieces, and commentaries) on the topic of parent-child bed-sharing...
March 15, 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26979827/power-day-addressing-the-use-and-abuse-of-power-in-medical-training
#20
Nancy R Angoff, Laura Duncan, Nichole Roxas, Helena Hansen
PROBLEM: Medical student mistreatment, as well as patient and staff mistreatment by all levels of medical trainees and faculty, is still prevalent in U.S. clinical training. Largely missing in interventions to reduce mistreatment is acknowledgement of the abuse of power produced by the hierarchical structure in which medicine is practiced. APPROACH: Beginning in 2001, Yale School of Medicine has held annual "Power Day" workshops for third year medical students and advanced practice nursing students, to define and analyse power dynamics within the medical hierarchy and hidden curriculum using literature, guest speakers, and small groups...
June 2016: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
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