keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Narrative psychiatry

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666432/genetic-validation-of-bipolar-disorder-identified-by-automated-phenotyping-using-electronic-health-records
#1
Chia-Yen Chen, Phil H Lee, Victor M Castro, Jessica Minnier, Alexander W Charney, Eli A Stahl, Douglas M Ruderfer, Shawn N Murphy, Vivian Gainer, Tianxi Cai, Ian Jones, Carlos N Pato, Michele T Pato, Mikael Landén, Pamela Sklar, Roy H Perlis, Jordan W Smoller
Bipolar disorder (BD) is a heritable mood disorder characterized by episodes of mania and depression. Although genomewide association studies (GWAS) have successfully identified genetic loci contributing to BD risk, sample size has become a rate-limiting obstacle to genetic discovery. Electronic health records (EHRs) represent a vast but relatively untapped resource for high-throughput phenotyping. As part of the International Cohort Collection for Bipolar Disorder (ICCBD), we previously validated automated EHR-based phenotyping algorithms for BD against in-person diagnostic interviews (Castro et al...
April 18, 2018: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580702/-methods-to-improve-suicidal-adolescents-compliance-to-care-after-emergency-discharge-a-literature-review
#2
J Lachal, S Grandclerc, M Spodenkiewicz, M R Moro
OBJECTIVES: Suicidal adolescents admitted in an Emergency Department (ED) present a high risk of suicidal reattempts. Poor observance of follow-up in this particular group imped the efficacity of the treatment. We propose to summarize the international literature on ED interventions promoting suicidal adolescents' adherence to care. METHOD: We carried out a comprehensive review of papers listed in PubMed, PsycInfo, and CINHAL databases using keywords about adolescence, suicide, and ED...
March 23, 2018: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544554/should-psychiatrists-write-fiction
#3
Henry Bladon
This paper looks at the relationship between fiction and psychiatry. Specifically, the idea of psychiatrists as fiction writers is explored, and reference is made to various fictional texts to illustrate the problems of stigma and negative imagery. These two main areas of focus are highlighted as ones that the practice of writing fiction might address, and some potential pitfalls are discussed. The paper suggests how psychiatrists might ameliorate the present problems by incorporating their unique clinical skills and knowledge into fictional narratives...
April 2018: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527063/central-institute-of-psychiatry-a-fictional-journey-to-past-in-a-time-machine
#4
Tapas Kumar Aich, Basudeb Das, T Sudhakar Bhat
A fictional journey was planned and carried out in a time machine, to know and understand the glorious past of Central Institute of Psychiatry (CIP), Ranchi. As Dr. Anand, the protagonist, went through different periods in the history of CIP, he narrated his experiences while meeting different peoples in different clinical settings. In this journey, he met Lt. Col Berkeley-Hill at European Mental Hospital, as it was in the 1930s. He tried to understand the relevance of Professor Mapother's report and its essence in relation to European and Indian psychiatric scenario during inter-war period, the significance of Moore-Taylor's report, and the direction of psychiatric training and teaching during postindependence era under Major RB Davis as the superintendent of Hospital for Mental Diseases (HMD)...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521409/-personalised-psychiatry-no-substitute-for-personal-care
#5
J van Os
Personalised psychiatry is the promise that biological stratification and analysis of 'big' data will enable clinical prediction.<br/> AIM: To analyse promises and problems regarding personalised medicine in the psychiatry.<br/> METHOD: Analysis of current challenges.<br/> RESULTS: Essential challenges are: 1. Biological psychiatry yields weak findings and clinically negligible diagnostic likelihood ratios. 2. The impact of biological stratification in medicine is relatively small yet may result in explosive health care costs...
2018: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480023/-a-matter-for-conjecture-leucotomy-in-western-australia-1947-70
#6
Philippa Martyr, Aleksandar Janca
Very little has been published on the rise and fall of psychosurgery in Australia. In the mid-twentieth century, Western Australia was the largest but most sparsely-populated of the six Australian States, and its local psychiatry practice was, as one commentator put it, 'backward'. Nonetheless, electroconvulsive therapy was introduced in 1945, and leucotomy in 1947. This paper will explore the introduction of leucotomy to Western Australia in the context of wider national and international trends in psychiatry, and posit some reasons for its decline and abandonment in the 1970s...
February 1, 2018: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476951/current-status-of-vaccines-in-psychiatry-a-narrative-review
#7
REVIEW
Pooja Patnaik Kuppili, Harshini Manohar, Vikas Menon
INTRODUCTION: Vaccines are one of the newer therapeutic modalities being researched in psychiatric illnesses with limited role of pharmacological interventions. Preclinical studies on vaccines have shown favorable results in conditions like Substance use Disorders and Alzheimer's Dementia. However, the utility of Mumps Measles Rubella vaccine has been overshadowed by controversy linked to causation of Autism. With this background, the current narrative review aimed to comprehensively and critically evaluate the current status of vaccines in Psychiatric illnesses...
February 15, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428124/bipolar-disorder-and-heart-transplantation-a-case-report
#8
Ana María Ramírez-Giraldo, Diana Restrepo
INTRODUCTION: Bipolar disorder is a chronic and recurrent mood disease that includes symptoms that fluctuate from euphoria to depression. As a mood disorder, itis one of the main contraindications for transplantation procedures. The case is presented of a patient with bipolar disorder who had a heart transplant after a cardiac arrest. Heart transplantation is the treatment of choice in patients with heart failure and arrhythmias that do not respond to conventional treatment. METHODS: Case report and narrative review of literature...
January 2018: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364370/munchausen-syndrome-and-munchausen-syndrome-by-proxy-a-narrative-review
#9
REVIEW
Daniel de Sousa Filho, Elton Yoji Kanomata, Ricardo Jonathan Feldman, Alfredo Maluf Neto
The Munchausen syndrome and Munchausen syndrome by proxy are factitious disorders characterized by fabrication or induction of signs or symptoms of a disease, as well as alteration of laboratory tests. People with this syndrome pretend that they are sick and tend to seek treatment, without secondary gains, at different care facilities. Both syndromes are well-recognized conditions described in the literature since 1951. They are frequently observed by health teams in clinics, hospital wards and emergency rooms...
October 2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275445/issues-on-the-diagnosis-and-etiopathogenesis-of-mood-disorders-reconsidering-dsm-5
#10
REVIEW
Kazuyoshi Ogasawara, Yukako Nakamura, Hiroyuki Kimura, Branko Aleksic, Norio Ozaki
The authors present a narrative review from the diagnostic and nosologic viewpoints of mood disorders (bipolar and depressive ones) by revisiting the revision from the fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Text Revision to DSM-5, including the following: the separation of the bipolar and depressive sections; the addition of increased energy and continuation of symptoms to the hypo/manic criteria; the elimination of mixed episodes; the creation of new categories and specifiers ("other specified bipolar and related disorder", "disruptive mood dysregulation disorder", "with anxious distress", "with mixed features", "with peripartum onset"); the categorization of hypo/manic episodes during antidepressant treatment into bipolar disorder; the elimination of the "bereavement exclusion"; the ambiguous separation between bipolar I and II; the insufficient distinction between "other specified bipolar and related disorders" and major depressive disorder; the differentiation regarding borderline personality disorder; agitation; premenstrual dysphoric disorder; and society and psychiatry...
February 2018: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198278/brain-based-biomarkers-for-the-treatment-of-depression-evolution-of-an-idea
#11
Allison C Waters, Helen S Mayberg
An ambition of depression biomarker research is to augment psychometric and cognitive assessment of clinically relevant phenomena with neural measures. Although such applications have been slow to arrive, we observe a steady evolution of the idea and anticipate emerging technologies with some optimism. To highlight critical themes and innovations in depression biomarker research, we take as our point of reference a specific research narrative. We begin with an early model of frontal-limbic dysfunction, which represents a conceptual shift from localized pathology to understanding symptoms as an emergent property of distributed networks...
October 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082033/maintenance-efficacy-designs-in-psychiatry-randomized-discontinuation-trials-enriched-but-not-better
#12
REVIEW
S N Ghaemi, Harry P Selker
INTRODUCTION: Although classical randomized clinical trials (RCTs) are the gold standard for proof of drug efficacy, randomized discontinuation trials (RDTs), sometimes called "enriched" trials, are used increasingly, especially in psychiatric maintenance studies. METHODS: A narrative review of two decades of experience with RDTs. RESULTS: RDTs in psychiatric maintenance trials tend to use a dependent variable as a predictor: treatment response...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065810/teaching-health-care-trainees-empathy-and-homelessness-iq-through-service-learning-reflective-practice-and-altruistic-attribution
#13
Leanne Chrisman-Khawam, Neelab Abdullah, Arjun Dhoopar
This article describes a novel inter-professional curriculum designed to address the needs of homeless patients in a Midwestern region of the United States which has high rates of poverty. The curriculum is intended for healthcare trainees coming from undergraduate pre-medical programs, nursing, pharmacy, social work, clinical psychology, medical school and post-graduate medical training in family medicine, medicine-pediatrics, and psychiatry. The clinical component is specifically designed to reach destitute patients and the curriculum is structured to reverse commonly held myths about homelessness among the trainees, thereby improving their Homelessness Information Quotient, the ability to more fully understand homelessness...
May 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017332/shared-decision-making-in-mental-health-the-importance-for-current-clinical-practice
#14
Victoria Alguera-Lara, Michelle M Dowsey, Jemimah Ride, Skye Kinder, David Castle
OBJECTIVES: We reviewed the literature on shared decision making (regarding treatments in psychiatry), with a view to informing our understanding of the decision making process and the barriers that exist in clinical practice. METHODS: Narrative review of published English-language articles. RESULTS: After culling, 18 relevant articles were included. Themes identified included models of psychiatric care, benefits for patients, and barriers...
December 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016917/cannabis-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-pain-in-the-era-of-an-opioid-epidemic-a-symposium-based-review-of-sociomedical-science
#15
Dermot P Maher, Daniel B Carr, Kevin Hill, Brian McGeeney, Valerie Weed, William C Jackson, David J DiBenedetto, Edward M Moriarty, Ronald J Kulich
Objective: This manuscript reviews medical literature published pertaining to the management of chronic pain with medical marijuana therapy (MMJ), with an emphasis on the social, medical, and legal aspects of therapy. Design: Narrative review of peer-reviewed literature. Methods: The 3rd Symposium on Controlled Substances and Their Alternatives for the Treatment of Pain was held in Boston on February 27, 2016, with a focus on MMJ for the treatment of chronic pain...
July 13, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986778/students-learning-experiences-from-didactic-teaching-sessions-including-patient-case-examples-as-either-text-or-video-a-qualitative-study
#16
Kamilla Pedersen, Martin Holdgaard Moeller, Charlotte Paltved, Ole Mors, Charlotte Ringsted, Anne Mette Morcke
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore medical students' learning experiences from the didactic teaching formats using either text-based patient cases or video-based patient cases with similar content. The authors explored how the two different patient case formats influenced students' perceptions of psychiatric patients and students' reflections on meeting and communicating with psychiatric patients. METHODS: The authors conducted group interviews with 30 medical students who volunteered to participate in interviews and applied inductive thematic content analysis to the transcribed interviews...
October 6, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875484/women-s-auto-biography-and-dissociative-identity-disorder-implications-for-mental-health-practice
#17
Kendal Tomlinson, Charley Baker
Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) is an uncommon disorder that has long been associated with exposure to traumatic stressors exceeding manageable levels commonly encompassing physical, psychological and sexual abuse in childhood that is prolonged and severe in nature. In DID, dissociation continues after the traumatic experience and produces a disruption in identity where distinct personality states develop. These personalities are accompanied by variations in behaviour, emotions, memory, perception and cognition...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871017/scoping-review-protocol-education-initiatives-for-medical-psychiatry-collaborative-care
#18
Nelson Shen, Sanjeev Sockalingam, Alexxa Abi Jaoude, Sharon M Bailey, Thérèse Bernier, Alison Freeland, Aceel Hawa, Elisa Hollenberg, Bethel Woldemichael, David Wiljer
INTRODUCTION: The collaborative care model is an approach providing care to those with mental health and addictions disorders in the primary care setting. There is a robust evidence base demonstrating its clinical and cost-effectiveness in comparison with usual care; however, the transitioning to this new paradigm of care has been difficult. While there are efforts to train and prepare healthcare professionals, not much is known about the current state of collaborative care training programmes...
September 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869705/long-acting-injectable-antipsychotics-for-prevention-and-management-of-violent-behaviour-in-psychotic-patients
#19
REVIEW
Pavel Mohr, Pavel Knytl, Veronika Voráčková, Anna Bravermanová, Tomáš Melicher
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: It has been well established that long-term antipsychotic treatment prevents relapse, lowers number of rehospitalisations, and also effectively reduces violent behaviour. Although violent behaviour is not a typical manifestation of schizophrenia or other psychotic disorders, the diagnosis of psychosis increases the overall risk of violence. One of the few modifiable factors of violence risk is adherence with medication. In contrast, non-adherence with drug treatment and subsequent relapse increases risk of violent acts...
September 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776145/factors-associated-with-grade-appeals-a-survey-of-psychiatry-clerkship-directors
#20
Lia A Thomas, Nathaniel Milburn, Abigail Kay, Erica Hatch
PURPOSE: In an effort to provide medical students with opportunities for accurate grading, some psychiatry clerkship directors allow for grade appeals. The authors examined the appeals process from the clerkship directors' perspective. METHODS: A 23-item survey, consisting of multiple choice and narrative questions, was sent to allopathic and osteopathic accredited schools in North America. Questions included information about the medical school, the clerkship director, and the grade appeal processes...
August 3, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
keyword
keyword
23115
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"