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Hpv wart

Eva Herweijer, Alexander Ploner, Pär Sparén
BACKGROUND: Between 2007 and 2011, opportunistic HPV-vaccination was available in Sweden and partially subsidized to girls aged 13-17, reaching a ∼30% overall coverage. METHODS: All Swedish women/men aged 15-44 were followed between 2006 and 2012 for condyloma. Average annual percent changes (AAPCs) in incidence were estimated. RESULTS: Substantial decreases were seen in women aged 15-24 from 2008-onwards (AACP-range: -8.5% to -18.5%); similar effects were seen for men aged 15-29 (AACP-range: -7...
March 6, 2018: Vaccine
Xin Yu, Heyi Zheng
Condyloma acuminatum (CA), or genital wart, is a sexually transmitted infection caused by human papillomaviruses. Increasing evidences demonstrated that photodynamic therapy (PDT) is effective in eliminating latent HPV infection, the major reason for CA recurrence. We observed an increasing number of infections after PDT in CA patients, which has not been reported before. This study aims to evaluate the incidence and management of infection in CA patients after PDT procedure. CA patients received PDT from January 2015 to February 2016 at the outpatient setting...
March 7, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Martha Carmona Lorduy, Jonathan Harris Ricardo, Yurtiza Hernández Arenas, Wanda Medina Carmona
The human papillomavirus (HPV) has an affinity for squamous cells of stratified keratinized epithelium, thus affecting the lower genital, nasal, and oral tracts. In the oral cavity, HPV is associated with pathoses such as the verruca vulgaris (common wart), squamous cell papilloma, condyloma acuminatum (venereal wart), and focal epithelial hyperplasia (Heck disease). Among the treatments available for these lesions are cryotherapy, electrosurgery, surgical removal, laser therapy, and trichloroacetic acid (TCA)...
March 2018: General Dentistry
Fırat Dogan, Selvi Deniz Dorttas, Seval Bilge Dagalp, Veysel Soydal Ataseven, Feray Alkan
Papillomaviruses (PVs) are epitheliotropic viruses that cause benign proliferative lesions in the skin (warts or papillomas) and mucous membranes of their natural hosts. Recently, new PVs have been found in many animal species. The most common current approach for identifying novel PV types is based on PCR, using various consensus or degenerated primer (broad-range primers), designed on the basis of the multiple alignment of nucleotide or amino acid sequences of a large number of different human papillomaviruses (HPV)...
March 3, 2018: Archives of Virology
Anastasiya Atanasova Chokoeva, Uwe Wollina, Torello Lotti, Georgi Konstantinov Maximov, Ilia Lozev, Georgi Tchernev
Condyloma acuminata represents an epidermal manifestation, associated with the epidermotropic human papillomavirus (HPV). They have been reported as the most common sexually transmitted disease, with prevalence exceeding 50%, increased up to 4 times, within the last two decades, as the most common side of affection are the penis, vulva, vagina, cervix, perineum, and perianal area, with increased prevalence in young, sexually active individuals. Increased attention should be focused on lesions, caused by types, with moderate (33, 35, 39, 40, 43, 45, 51-56, 58) or high risk potential (types 16, 18) for malignant transformation, leading to further development of cancers of anus, vagina, vulva and penis, as well as cancers of the head and neck...
January 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Kaan Z Apaydin, Holly B Fontenot, Derri L Shtasel, Kenneth H Mayer, Alex S Keuroghlian
Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination and anal cancer screening are valuable, yet underutilized, tools in prevention of HPV-related cancers among sexual and gender minority (SGM) populations. The aim of this study was to characterize primary care providers' (PCPs) practices and perceptions pertaining to HPV vaccination and anal cancer screening. A survey assessing self-reported practice characteristics related to HPV vaccination and anal cancer screening, as well as perceived barriers to vaccination and anal cancer screening at the patient-, provider-, and system-level was distributed to PCPs at a Federally-Qualified Health Center that specializes in care for SGM populations in the greater Boston area...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Community Health
Suchi Agrawal, Stephanie R Morain
While the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine is medically indicated to reduce the risk of genital warts and certain types of cancer, rates of HPV vaccination repeatedly fall short of public health goals. Individual-level factors contributing to low vaccination rates are well documented. However, system-level barriers, particularly the need for parental consent, have been less explored. To date, there is no legal or ethical consensus in the USA regarding whether adolescents might permissibly self-consent to the HPV vaccine...
February 24, 2018: Journal of Medical Ethics
Aaron M Scherer, Heather Schacht Reisinger, Marin L Schweizer, Natoshia M Askelson, Angela Fagerlin, Charles F Lynch
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most prevalent sexually transmitted infection worldwide and can lead to the development of genital warts, and cancers throughout the body. Despite the availability of HPV vaccines for over a decade, uptake in the United States among adolescents and young adults remains well below national targets. While most efforts to improve HPV vaccine uptake have rightly focused on adolescents, there is still a tremendous opportunity to improve vaccination among young adults who have not been vaccinated against HPV...
2018: PloS One
Akiko Mizukami, Toshihiko Kaise, Georges Van Kriekinge
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is established as a necessary causal factor in several pathologies including cervical cancer (CC), which recorded over 11,000 new cases in 2011 in Japan. Nevertheless, cost burden data of human papillomavirus-related diseases in Japan are lacking. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate resource use and costs in women with HPV-related lesions. METHODS: A retrospective study using insurance claims databases was performed to assess the annual medical cost for suspected cervical intra-epithelial neoplasia (CIN)/CC, genital warts (GWs), CIN (all grades), and CC...
September 1, 2017: Value in Health Regional Issues
Michael Daugherty, Timothy Byler
INTRODUCTION: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a common sexually transmitted infection in the US that can lead to both malignant (high risk) and benign (low risk) findings. These low risk findings include both genital condyloma, anal warts, and adult or juvenile papillomatosis, which are directly attributable to subtypes HPV 6 and HPV 11. We aim to estimate the prevalence of genital wart infections in males in the US population using a nationwide sample. METHODS: The NHANES database was queried for all men 18-59 years old during the years 2013-2014...
November 16, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
P Schneede, B Schlenker
Anogenital warts are the most frequently sexually transmitted disease caused by viral infections worldwide. People's lifetime risk to suffer from this disease or HPV-associated precancers counts to more than 10%. The therapy and the recurrence rates of both disorders continue to be challenging in Germany because the coverage rate of the preventive HPV vaccination is still insufficient. This underlines the importance of a recently passed interdisciplinary German guideline on anogenital HPV lesions. This article summarizes the main aspects of the new guideline...
February 9, 2018: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
Gerd E Gross, Ricardo N Werner, Jürgen C Becker, Norbert H Brockmeyer, Stefan Esser, Monika Hampl, Sara Hommel, Johannes Jongen, Dominik S Mestel, Thomas Meyer, Karl U Petry, Andreas Plettenberg, Klaus Püschel, Peter Schneede, Helmut Schöfer, Karl Sotlar, Gerhard Weyandt, Ulrike Wieland, Miriam Wiese-Posselt, Alexander Nast
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
Mahsa Nahidi, Yalda Nahidi, Ali Saghebi, Golsan Kardan, Lida Jarahi, Behzad Aminzadeh, Pardis Shojaei, Mohammad Reza Fayyazi Bordbar
Anogenital warts (AGW) are one of the most common venereal diseases. Psychosocial complications and quality of life (QoL) of AGW patients have been considered only in recent years. Herein, the QoL and psychopathology in patients with AGW are evaluated. In total, 37 AGW patients and 37 healthy controls were recruited in the present cross-sectional study. All participants were provided with the symptom checklist 90-R (SCL-90-R) and short-form (SF-36) questionnaires. All analyses were performed using the SPSS software, version 16...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Dexter Jordan Witchey, Nichole Brianne Witchey, Michele Marie Roth-Kauffman, Mark Kevin Kauffman
Verrucae plantaris (plantar warts) are common cutaneous lesions of the plantar aspect of the foot that are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). Ubiquitous in our environment, asymptomatic infection with HPV occurs frequently, with most infections controlled or cleared by cellular and humoral immune responses. However, certain populations have been observed to manifest plantar warts at higher rates compared with the general population, placing them at increased risk for wart-induced pain and complications...
February 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
Monika Wojtera, Josee Paradis, Murad Husein, Anthony C Nichols, John W Barrett, Marina I Salvadori, Julie E Strychowsky
BACKGROUND: HPV-related head and neck cancer rates have been increasing in recent years, with the tonsils being the most commonly affected site. However, the current rate of HPV infection in the pediatric population remains poorly defined. The objective of this study was to systematically review and evaluate the prevalence and distribution of HPV in the tonsils of pediatric patients undergoing routine tonsillectomy. METHODS AND RESULTS: The literature was searched using PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, and ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global databases (inception to December 2017) by two independent review authors...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Silvia Cocchio, Chiara Bertoncello, Tatjana Baldovin, Alessandra Buja, Silvia Majori, Vincenzo Baldo
BACKGROUND: Genital warts are one of the most common forms of sexually-transmitted disease, but their epidemiology has yet to be thoroughly elucidated. The present study was designed to shed light on the prevalence of clinically-confirmed, self-reported genital warts (GWs) in a representative sample of the university population. METHODS: In 2015, a cross-sectional survey was conducted on 11,096 individuals approached at the Students Information Bureau where they came to enroll for a university degree course...
January 15, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
Christiaan H Righolt, Gurpreet Pabla, Salaheddin M Mahmud
BACKGROUND: The total direct cost of screening and treating all human papillomavirus-related diseases (HPV-RD) has not been measured in a single study. Accurate cost estimates are needed to inform decisions on intervention priorities and evaluate the cost-effectiveness of existing programs. We used province-wide clinical, administrative, and accounting databases to measure direct medical costs of HPV infection in Manitoba (Canada). METHODS: All persons 9 years or older with health insurance coverage in Manitoba between April 2000 and March 2015 were eligible...
January 4, 2018: Applied Health Economics and Health Policy
Melanie Zimmermann, Taylor Kohut, William A Fisher
OBJECTIVE: The current research focuses on sexual risk behaviour among young adult Canadians who have not been vaccinated against HPV. METHODS: Six hundred and forty-six Canadian university undergraduates completed a self-administered survey assessing HPV vaccination status and sexual risk behaviour. RESULTS: Five hundred and thirty-seven participants (154 men and 383 women aged 17-23) who met eligibility criteria were analyzed. 48.5% (n = 185) of female and 89...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
S Fouéré, F Aubin, H Péré, L Galicier, T Gheit, M Tommasino, C Ram Wolff, D Boutboul, M Bagot
Epidermodysplasia verruciformis (EV) is characterized by a clinically distinctive pattern of beta-HPV induced flat warts that may evolve into epithelial skin cancers. The current understanding is that EV encompasses two etiological situations: Classic, inherited type EV (IEV), beginning in childhood or adolescence, due to Trans Membrane Channel (TMC) - 6 and 7 (EVER-1 and 2) gene mutations 75% of patients, or to alterations resulting in T-Cell immune deficiencies (IDs) on Ras Homolog Family Member H (RHOH), Coronin 1A (CORO 1A), Macrophage Stimulating factor 1 (MST-1), or interleukin 7 (IL7) genes...
December 13, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Y J Park, J M Kim, B R Lee, T H Kim, E G Lee
This study evaluated the annual prevalence of anogenital warts (AGW) caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) and analysed the trend in annual per cent changes (APC) by using national claims data from the Health Insurance Review and Assessment of Korea, 2007-2015. We also estimated the socio-economic burden and co-morbidities of AGW. All analyses were performed based on data for primary A63.0, the specific diagnosis code for AGW. The socio-economic cost of AGW was calculated based on the direct medical cost, direct non-medical cost and indirect cost...
January 2018: Epidemiology and Infection
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