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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641046/exploring-the-health-needs-of-aging-lgbt-adults-in-the-cape-fear-region-of-north-carolina
#1
Noell L Rowan, Kelsey Beyer
This study explored issues of culturally sensitive health care practice and needs among lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender aging adults in coastal North Carolina. Survey data from 2013 to 2015 were analyzed using frequencies and logistic regression on concerns with culturally sensitive health needs for the LGBT aging adult population. Results indicated that the largest problem was a history of being verbally harassed (n = 115; 51.57%) and a need for more culturally sensitive health care provisions. A large majority of participants requested an improvement in offering of LGBT specific social activities (n = 149), recreational activities (n = 116), and art and cultural activities (n = 112)...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640675/health-related-quality-of-life-among-us-workers-variability-across-occupation-groups
#2
Taylor M Shockey, Matthew Zack, Aaron Sussell
OBJECTIVES: To examine the health-related quality of life among workers in 22 standard occupation groups using data from the 2013-2014 US Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. METHODS: We examined the health-related quality of life measures of self-rated health, frequent physical distress, frequent mental distress, frequent activity limitation, and frequent overall unhealthy days by occupation group for 155 839 currently employed adults among 17 states. We performed multiple logistic regression analyses that accounted for the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System's complex survey design to obtain prevalence estimates adjusted for potential confounders...
June 22, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640661/attrition-from-antiretroviral-treatment-services-among-pregnant-and-non-pregnant-patients-following-adoption-of-option-b-in-haiti
#3
Jean Wysler Domercant, Nancy Puttkammer, Paul Young, Krista Yuhas, Kesner François, Reynold Grand'Pierre, David Lowrance, Michelle Adler
BACKGROUND: Access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) has expanded in Haiti because of the adoption of Option B+ and the revision of treatment guidelines. Retention in care and treatment varies greatly and few studies have examined retention rates, particularly among women enrolled in Option B+. OBJECTIVE: To assess attrition among pregnant and non-pregnant patients initiating ART following adoption of Option B+ in Haiti. METHODS: Longitudinal data of adult patients initiated on ART from October 2012 through August 2014 at 73 health facilities across Haiti were analyzed using a survival analysis framework to determine levels of attrition...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635322/the-art-of-health-promotion
#4
Sara S Johnson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635093/role-of-art-centres-for-aboriginal-australians-living-with-dementia-in-remote-communities
#5
Melissa Lindeman, Paulene Mackell, Xiaoping Lin, Annie Farthing, Heather Jensen, Maree Meredith, Betty Haralambous
OBJECTIVE: To explore the role art centres in remote communities play for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians living with dementia. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was undertaken, with no restrictions on articles regarding year of publication. RESULTS: Art programmes have been found to be of benefit to both people living with dementia and their carers, particularly when programmes are administered in environments that are culturally revered...
June 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635088/arts-and-cultural-activity-a-vital-part-of-the-health-and-care-system
#6
Paul L Cann
This article discusses how the arts and cultural activities are a vital part of a health and care system and have potential to fulfil the theme of active ageing. The changing nature of care provision in response to demographic change, fiscal pressure and increasingly consumerist attitudes on the part of care users, is considered. Selected examples of how participation in arts and cultural activities increases not only well-being but also health outcomes are then outlined. The article highlights the potential of 'cultural commissioning' and within that 'arts on prescription' - public funding of arts-related activities for people with care needs - and advocates investment in arts and cultural activities to better meet the demands of health, social care and aged care...
June 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634246/assisted-reproductive-techniques-and-risk-of-beckwith-wiedemann-syndrome
#7
Alessandro Mussa, Cristina Molinatto, Flavia Cerrato, Orazio Palumbo, Massimo Carella, Giuseppina Baldassarre, Diana Carli, Clementina Peris, Andrea Riccio, Giovanni Battista Ferrero
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The emerging association of assisted reproductive techniques (ART) with imprinting disorders represents a major issue in the scientific debate on infertility treatment and human procreation. We studied the prevalence of Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (BWS) in children conceived through ART to define the specific associated relative risk. METHODS: Patients with BWS born in Piemonte, Italy, were identified and matched with the general demographic data and corresponding regional ART registry...
June 20, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633327/a-prognosis-based-approach-to-infertility-understanding-the-role-of-time
#8
(no author information available yet)
The current definition of infertility acknowledges the importance of duration of pregnancy seeking but fails to recognize the prevalent negative impact of female age. In fact, the diagnosis of unexplained infertility increases with women's age because of our incapacity to discern between age-related infertility and real unexplained infertility. Physicians' response to the pressures of increased female age has been to take prompt refuge in assisted reproduction despite the lack of robust evidence and the inherent risks and costs of these procedures...
June 13, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633084/public-health-costs-accounting-of-inorganic-pm2-5-pollution-in-metropolitan-areas-of-the-united-states-using-a-risk-based-source-receptor-model
#9
Jinhyok Heo, Peter J Adams, H Oliver Gao
In order to design effective strategies to reduce the public health burden of ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5) imposed in an area, it is necessary to identify the emissions sources affecting that location and quantify their contributions. However, it is challenging because PM2.5 travels long distances and most constituents are the result of complex chemical processes. We developed a reduced-form source-receptor model for estimating locations and magnitudes of downwind health costs from a source or, conversely, the upwind sources that contribute to health costs at a receptor location...
June 17, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632751/owl2-benchmarking-for-the-evaluation-of-knowledge-based-systems
#10
Sher Afgun Khan, Muhammad Abdul Qadir, Muhammad Azeem Abbas, Muhammad Tanvir Afzal
OWL2 semantics are becoming increasingly popular for the real domain applications like Gene engineering and health MIS. The present work identifies the research gap that negligible attention has been paid to the performance evaluation of Knowledge Base Systems (KBS) using OWL2 semantics. To fulfil this identified research gap, an OWL2 benchmark for the evaluation of KBS is proposed. The proposed benchmark addresses the foundational blocks of an ontology benchmark i.e. data schema, workload and performance metrics...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632477/antiretroviral-therapy-adherence-and-self-efficacy-among-people-living-with-hiv-and-a-history-of-drug-use-in-vietnam
#11
Li Li, Chunqing Lin, Sung-Jae Lee, Le Anh Tuan, Nan Feng, Nguyen Anh Tuan
People living with HIV with a history of drug use face additional psychosocial challenges that could compromise their adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART). This study examined ART treatment adherence and adherence self-efficacy among people living with HIV with a history of drug use in Vietnam. We used cross-sectional baseline data collected between October 2014 and February 2015 from a randomized controlled trial in Vietnam. Of the 900 persons with a history of drug use in the trial, a sample of 109 people living with HIV currently on ART were included in the study...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630651/improving-antiretroviral-therapy-adherence-in-resource-limited-settings-at-scale-a-discussion-of-interventions-and-recommendations
#12
Jessica E Haberer, Lora Sabin, K Rivet Amico, Catherine Orrell, Omar Galárraga, Alexander C Tsai, Rachel C Vreeman, Ira Wilson, Nadia A Sam-Agudu, Terrence F Blaschke, Bernard Vrijens, Claude A Mellins, Robert H Remien, Sheri D Weiser, Elizabeth Lowenthal, Michael J Stirratt, Papa Salif Sow, Bruce Thomas, Nathan Ford, Edward Mills, Richard Lester, Jean B Nachega, Bosco Mwebesa Bwana, Fred Ssewamala, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Paula Munderi, Elvin Geng, David R Bangsberg
Introduction: Successful population-level antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence will be necessary to realize both the clinical and prevention benefits of antiretroviral scale-up and, ultimately, the end of AIDS. Although many people living with HIV are adhering well, others struggle and most are likely to experience challenges in adherence that may threaten virologic suppression at some point during lifelong therapy. Despite the importance of ART adherence, supportive interventions have generally not been implemented at scale...
2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628529/appraising-viral-load-thresholds-and-adherence-support-recommendations-in-the-world-health-organization-guidelines-for-detection-and-management-of-virologic-failure
#13
Suzanne M McCluskey, Yap Boum, Nicholas Musinguzi, Jessica E Haberer, Jeffrey N Martin, Peter W Hunt, Vincent C Marconi, David R Bangsberg, Mark J Siedner
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization defines HIV virologic failure as two consecutive viral loads >1,000 copies/mL, measured 3-6 months apart with interval adherence support. We sought to empirically evaluate these guidelines using data from an observational cohort. SETTING: The Uganda AIDS Rural Treatment Outcomes study observed adults with HIV in southwestern Uganda from the time of antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation, and monitored adherence with electronic pill bottles...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624882/predicting-acute-kidney-injury-current-status-and-future-challenges
#14
REVIEW
Simona Pozzoli, Marco Simonini, Paolo Manunta
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is characterized by an acute decline in renal function and is associated to increased mortality rate, hospitalization time, and total health-related costs. The severity of this 'fearsome' clinical complication might depend on, or even be worsened by, the late detection of AKI, when the diagnosis is based on the elevation of serum creatinine (SCr). For these reasons, in recent years a great number of new tools, biomarkers and predictive models have been proposed to clinicians in order to improve diagnosis and prevent the development of AKI...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621726/microbiota-and-probiotics-in-health-and-hiv-infection
#15
REVIEW
Chiara D'Angelo, Marcella Reale, Erica Costantini
Microbiota play a key role in various body functions, as well as in physiological, metabolic, and immunological processes, through different mechanisms such as the regulation of the development and/or functions of different types of immune cells in the intestines. Evidence indicates that alteration in the gut microbiota can influence infectious and non-infectious diseases. Bacteria that reside on the mucosal surface or within the mucus layer interact with the host immune system, thus, a healthy gut microbiota is essential for the development of mucosal immunity...
June 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621618/placental-imprinting-variation-associated-with-assisted-reproductive-technologies-and-subfertility
#16
Julia F Litzky, Maya A Deyssenroth, Todd M Everson, David A Armstrong, Luca Lambertini, Jia Chen, Carmen J Marsit
Infertility affects one in six couples in developed nations, resulting in an increasing use of assisted reproductive technologies (ART). Both ART and subfertility appear to be linked to lower birth weight outcomes, setting infants up for poor long-term health. Prenatal growth is, in part, regulated via epigenetically controlled imprinted genes in the placenta. Although differences in DNA methylation between ART and control infants have been found, it remains unclear whether these differences are due to the ART procedures or to the underlying parental subfertility and how these methylation differences affect imprinted gene expression...
June 16, 2017: Epigenetics: Official Journal of the DNA Methylation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618981/perceived-effectiveness-of-antiretroviral-therapy-self-rated-health-and-treatment-adherence-among-hiv-positive-people-who-inject-drugs-in-estonia
#17
Pui Y Chan, Michael A Joseph, Don C Des Jarlais, Anneli Uusküla
The HIV epidemic in Estonia affects the population of people who inject drugs (PWID) the most, but factors associated with adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) among PWID have not been thoroughly examined in Estonia, with particularly limited data regarding beliefs and attitudes of PWID. The objective of this study was to explore the association between ART adherence and individual beliefs, perceived effectiveness of ART, and self-rated health in particular, in this specific population. The study used baseline survey data from a longitudinal intervention study of HIV prevention among PWID in Estonia, in which 107 HIV-infected participants reported current use of ART...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617805/effect-of-eliminating-cd4-count-thresholds-on-hiv-treatment-initiation-in-south-africa-an-empirical-modeling-study
#18
Jacob Bor, Shahira Ahmed, Matthew P Fox, Sydney Rosen, Gesine Meyer-Rath, Ingrid T Katz, Frank Tanser, Deenan Pillay, Till Bärnighausen
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization recommends initiating antiretroviral therapy (ART) regardless of CD4 count. We assessed the effect of ART eligibility on treatment uptake and simulated the impact of WHO's recommendations in South Africa. METHODS: We conducted an empirical analysis of cohort data using a regression discontinuity design, and then used this model for policy simulation. We enrolled all patients (n = 19,279) diagnosed with HIV between August 2011 and December 2013 in the Hlabisa HIV Treatment and Care Programme in rural South Africa...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617733/economic-costs-and-health-related-quality-of-life-outcomes-of-hiv-treatment-after-self-and-facility-based-hiv-testing-in-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#19
Hendramoorthy Maheswaran, Stavros Petrou, Peter MacPherson, Felistas Kumwenda, David G Lalloo, Elizabeth L Corbett, Aileen Clarke
BACKGROUND: The scale-up of HIV self-testing (HIVST) in Africa is recommended, but little is known about how this novel approach influences economic outcomes following subsequent antiretroviral treatment (ART) compared with established facility-based HIV testing and counseling (HTC) approaches. SETTING: HIV clinics in Blantyre, Malawi. METHODS: Consecutive HIV-positive participants, diagnosed by HIVST or facility-based HTC as part of a community cluster-randomized trial (ISRCTN02004005), were followed from initial assessment for ART until 1-year postinitiation...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613107/the-role-of-arts-activities-in-developing-resilience-and-mental-wellbeing-in-children-and-young-people-a-rapid-review-of-the-literature
#20
Leyre Zarobe, Hilary Bungay
AIMS: This rapid review explores the role of arts activities in promoting the mental wellbeing and resilience of children and young people aged between 11 and 18 years. METHODS: A systematic search of the literature was undertaken across 18 databases; no date limit was set on publication. Search terms included a range of creative activities: music, dance, singing, drama and visual arts; these were combined with terms linked to aspects of mental health, emotional wellbeing and resilience...
June 1, 2017: Perspectives in Public Health
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