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Daniela M Farias, Maria S Ostetto, Rozimeri Colleti, Thais Barbosa, Jorge A Barros, Sergio Machado, Eric Murillo-Rodríguez, Susana E Moreno, Andre B Veras
BACKGROUND: Effect of Heteropterys aphrodisiaca (dog-node) on anxiety and function of adult female wistar mice. The project is an experiment with the use of H. aphrodisiac root extract, in order to observe the frequency of sexual exposure of females exposed to the extract, quantify the effect of the extract on the concentration of total testosterone and observe the anxiety levels of the animals exposed. Results will be measured with the laboratory testosterone test and LCE and CA tests...
2017: Current Clinical Pharmacology
S Mogo, J F López, V E Cachorro, A de Frutos, R Zocca, A Barroso, D Mateos, E Conceição
Continuous measurements of the optical properties of aerosol particles have been made at Valladolid, Spain, covering the period from June 2011 to July 2012. The measurements were made at two size cuts: sub-10 μm and sub-1 μm (PM10 and PM1). The data measured were the scattering and backscattering coefficients, σs and σbs, obtained from an integrating nephelometer, and the absorption coefficient, σa, obtained from a particle soot absorption photometer. Spectrally resolved data were obtained from both instruments at 3 wavelengths (blue/green/red) at low relative humidity (RH < 40%)...
February 22, 2017: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
Javier Vaquero-Martínez, Manuel Antón, José Pablo Ortiz de Galisteo, Victoria E Cachorro, Huiqun Wang, Gonzalo González Abad, Roberto Román, Maria João Costa
This paper shows the validation of integrated water vapor (IWV) measurements retrieved from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI), using as reference nine ground-based GPS stations in the Iberian Peninsula. The study period covers from 2007 to 2009. The influence of two factors, - solar zenith angle (SZA) and IWV -, on OMI-GPS differences was studied in detail, as well as the seasonal dependence. The pseudomedian of the relative differences is -1 ± 1% and the inter-quartile range (IQR) is 41%. Linear regressions calculated over each station show an acceptable agreement (R2 up to 0...
February 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
M A Burgos, D Mateos, V E Cachorro, C Toledano, A M de Frutos
To broaden the knowledge about desert dust (DD) aerosols in western Mediterranean Basin, their fingerprints on optical and microphysical properties are analyzed during DD episodes in the north-central plateau of the Iberian Peninsula between 2003 and 2014. Aerosol columnar properties obtained from the AErosol RObotic NETwork (AERONET), such as aerosol optical depth (AOD), Ångström exponent (AE), volume particle size distribution, volume concentration (VC), sphericity, single scattering albedo, among others, are analyzed in order to provide a general characterization, being some of them compared to particle mass surface concentrations PM10 , PM2...
December 1, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Cecilia Gil Polo, Esther Cubo Delgado, Ana Mateos Cachorro, Jéssica Rivadeneyra Posadas, Natividad Mariscal Pérez, Diana Armesto Formoso
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about the energy needs in Huntington's disease (HD). The aims of this study are to analyze and compare the total energy expenditure (TEE) and energy balance (EB) in a representative sample of HD patients with healthy controls. METHODS: This is an observational, case-control single-center study. Food caloric energy intake (EI) and TEE were considered for estimating EB. A dietary recall questionnaire was used to assess the EI. TEE was computed as the sum of resting energy expenditure (REE), measured by indirect calorimetry and physical activity (PA) monitored by an actigraph...
2015: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
R Román, M Antón, V E Cachorro, D Loyola, J P Ortiz de Galisteo, A de Frutos, P M Romero-Campos
Water vapor column (WVC) obtained by GOME-2 instrument (GDP-4.6 version) onboard MetOp-A satellite platform is compared against reference WVC values derived from GPS (Global Positioning System) instruments from 2007 to 2012 at 21 places located at Iberian Peninsula. The accuracy and precision of GOME-2 to estimate the WVC is studied for different Iberian Peninsula zones using the mean (MBE) and the standard deviation (SD) of the GOME-2 and GPS differences. A direct comparison of all available data shows an overestimation of GOME-2 compared to GPS with a MBE of 0...
November 15, 2015: Science of the Total Environment
D Mateos, V E Cachorro, C Toledano, M A Burgos, Y Bennouna, B Torres, D Fuertes, R González, C Guirado, A Calle, A M de Frutos
The study of atmospheric aerosol load over the Iberian Peninsula (IP) under a climatological perspective is accomplished by means of PM10 and AOD440 nm measurements from EMEP and AERONET networks, respectively, in the period 2000-2013. The PM10 annual cycles in five Iberian sectors show a main maximum in summer and a secondary maximum in spring, which is only observed in the southern area for the AOD climatology. The characteristics of PM10-AOD annual cycles of each geographical sector are explained by the different climatology of the air mass origins and their apportioning...
June 15, 2015: Science of the Total Environment
Mônica Bolson, Sonia Marisa Hefler, Sonia Regina Hefler, Elisiane Inês Dall'Oglio Chaves, Arquimedes Gasparotto Junior, Euclides Lara Cardozo Junior
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: This study aims to document the traditional knowledge on the use of medicinal plants in the neighborhood of the protected area "Parque Estadual da Cabeça do Cachorro", a fragment of seasonal semideciduous forests. This vegetation is intensely fragmented and disturbed; despite its importance there are few records of the traditional knowledge of medicinal species. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-four residents in the neighborhood of the protected area "Parque Estadual da Cabeça do Cachorro" were interviewed...
February 23, 2015: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Y González-Castanedo, D Sanchez-Rodas, A M Sánchez de la Campa, M Pandolfi, A Alastuey, V E Cachorro, X Querol, J D de la Rosa
Sampling and chemical analyses, including major compounds and trace elements, of atmospheric particulate matter (PM10 and PM2.5) have been performed during 2006-2007 in a regional background monitoring station located within the Doñana Natural Park (SW of Spain). This region is strategic for air quality and climate change studies, representing a meeting place of the European and African continents, and the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. The present study based on meteorological parameters demonstrated long-range transport and impact of industrial plumes on the Doñana Natural...
January 2015: Chemosphere
Boris Barja, Sandra Mogo, Victoria E Cachorro, Juan Carlos Antuña, Rene Estevan, Ana Rodrigues, Ángel de Frutos
Atmospheric aerosol particles were collected at Camagüey, Cuba, during the period from February 2008 to April 2009 in order to know the particulate matter levels (PM) together with a general chemical and absorption characterization. The aerosols collection was carried out with a low volume particulate impactor twice a week. Gravimetric analysis of the particulate matter fractions PM10 and PM1 was carried out. An analysis of the eight major inorganic species (Na (+), K(+), Ca(2+), Mg(2+), NH4 (+), Cl(-), NO3(-) and SO4 (2-)) using ionic chromatography was conducted...
February 2013: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
Raquel R Amaral, Caio P Fernandes, Otávio P Caramel, Luis A C Tietbohl, Marcelo G Santos, José C T Carvalho, Leandro Rocha
Neomitranthes obscura (DC.) N. Silveira is an endemic plant of Brazilian Atlantic Forest and widely spread in the sandbanks of "Restinga de Jurubatiba" National Park. It is popularly known by local population as "camboim-de-cachorro" or "cambuí-preto" and recognized by its black ripe fruits. However, specimens with yellow ripe fruits were localized in the "Restinga de Jurubatiba" National Park. The aim of the present study was to evaluate chemical composition of essential oils obtained from leaves and fruits of N...
2013: BioMed Research International
S Mogo, V E Cachorro, A de Frutos, A Rodrigues
A field campaign was conducted from October 2009 to July 2010 at Covilhã, a small town located in the region of Beira Interior (Portugal) in the interior of the Iberian Peninsula. The ambient light-absorption coefficient, σ(a) (522 nm), obtained from a Particle Soot Absorption Photometer (PSAP), presented a daily mean value of 12.1 Mm⁻¹ (StD = 7.3 Mm⁻¹). The wavelength dependence of aerosol light absorption is investigated through the Ångström parameter, α(a). The α(a) values for the pair of wavelengths 470-660 nm ranged from 0...
December 2012: Journal of Environmental Monitoring: JEM
S Mogo, V E Cachorro, A M de Frutos
In this work, a novel technique is used to estimate the aerosol complex index of refraction of in situ collected samples. Samples of atmospheric particulate matter were collected in El Arenosillo, southern Spain, on polycarbonate filters during summer 2004 as part of an aerosol characterization campaign. These samples were analyzed for the volumetric absorption coefficient in the 320-800 nm spectral region and an estimation of the effective imaginary refractive index was made. The values of the imaginary part of the complex refractive index ranged between 0...
November 30, 2012: Journal of Environmental Management
V E Cachorro, A M de Frutos, J L Casanova
We have analyzed the dependence of the Angstrom turbidity parameters on wavelength throughout the visible range by three different methods. We have obtained significant results about the ability of these parameters to represent the turbidity of the atmosphere. An important variation of these coefficients with the wavelength is shown, depending on the method used and the spectral resolution of the data. The log-log plot of aerosol optical thickness vs wavelength appears as an adequate method of obtaining the Angstrom parameters to represent the turbidity of the atmosphere and to model the effect of aerosols on solar radiation...
August 1, 1987: Applied Optics
V E Cachorro, A M de Frutos, J L Casanova
Unexpected absorption in the real atmosphere in the window from 840 to 890 nm has been clearly observed through measurements of direct solar spectral irradiance under clear, cloud-free skies. This absorption is not predicted by the known theoretical models. The cause of this apparent absorption may be due to the presence of high thin nonvisible cirrus clouds. A quantitative evaluation of this absorption and an improvement of oxygen absorption coefficients has been carried out after a comparison of more than seventy experimental spectra...
February 1, 1987: Applied Optics
J Pey, X Querol, J de la Rosa, Y González-Castanedo, A Alastuey, G Gangoiti, A Sánchez de la Campa, L Alados-Arboledas, M Sorribas, C Pio, V Cachorro, M Piñeiro, P López-Mahia, D García-Gacio
A multidisciplinary study on aerosol characterization was performed at the regional background monitoring station of El Arenosillo, in SW Spain, between 28 June and 5 July 2006. The main aim of the Arenosillo aerosol measurement campaign 2006 was to compare the results of aerosol characterization obtained by different groups by measuring physical and chemical parameters using optical methods and in situ sampling. The campaign coincided with a long-range transport episode from Western Iberia, passing through the Gulf of Cadiz and the Straits of Gibraltar towards the study area...
October 2008: Journal of Environmental Monitoring: JEM
V E Cachorro, P Utrillas, R Vergaz, P Durán, A M de Frutos, J A Martinez-Lozano
We have analyzed three methods that can be used to determine the integrated water vapor of the atmosphere in the 940-nm band by means of modeled and measured direct solar spectral irradiance. The experimental irradiance data were obtained with a commercial LI-COR 1800 spectroradiometer, based on a monochromator system, of high to moderate spectral resolution (6 nm) in the 300-1100-nm range. The modeled data are based on monochromatic approaches to determine atmospheric transmittance constituents; for those of water vapor we used the lowtran7 model...
July 20, 1998: Applied Optics
V E Cachorro, A M de Frutos, J L Casanova
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 1985: Applied Optics
Freddy Bravo
Sycorax longispinosa sp. nov. is described from Serra do Cachorro, Pará State, Brazil. This new species is the first record of the genus from the Brazilian Amazon. An identification key for males of species of Sycorax from the neotropical region is presented.
July 2007: Neotropical Entomology
Pablo Labarga, Javier Pinilla, Iban Cachorro, Yolanda Ruiz, Yolanda Ruiz del Prado
The product label of ribavirin states that it is contraindicated during pregnancy, so the risk in its administering during pregnancy is concerned. We show a case of an infant of 22 months of age with no anomalies born from an HCV- and HIV-infected mother under treatment with pegylated interferon, ribavirin and antiretroviral therapy during the first 16 weeks of pregnancy. The infant is neither HIV- nor HCV-infected.
November 2007: Reproductive Toxicology
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