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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27400803/total-antioxidant-intake-and-prostate-cancer-in-the-cancer-of-the-prostate-in-sweden-caps-study-a-case-control-study
#1
Kjell M Russnes, Elisabeth Möller, Kathryn M Wilson, Monica Carlsen, Rune Blomhoff, Sigbjørn Smeland, Hans-Olov Adami, Henrik Grönberg, Lorelei A Mucci, Katarina Bälter
BACKGROUND: The total intake of dietary antioxidants may reduce prostate cancer risk but available data are sparse and the possible role of supplements unclear. We investigated the potential association between total and dietary antioxidant intake and prostate cancer in a Swedish population. METHODS: We used FFQ data from 1499 cases and 1112 controls in the population based case-control study Cancer of the Prostate in Sweden (CAPS). The ferric reducing antioxidant potential (FRAP) assay was used to assess the total antioxidant capacity (TAC) of diet and supplements...
2016: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27329566/structures-of-a-bi-functional-kunitz-type-sti-family-inhibitor-of-serine-and-aspartic-proteases-could-the-aspartic-protease-inhibition-have-evolved-from-a-canonical-serine-protease-binding-loop
#2
Yasel Guerra, Pedro A Valiente, Tirso Pons, Colin Berry, Enrique Rudiño-Piñera
Bi-functional inhibitors from the Kunitz-type soybean trypsin inhibitor (STI) family are glycosylated proteins able to inhibit serine and aspartic proteases. Here we report six crystal structures of the wild-type and a non-glycosylated mutant of the bifunctional inhibitor E3Ad obtained at different pH values and space groups. The crystal structures show that E3Ad adopts the typical β-trefoil fold of the STI family exhibiting some conformational changes due to pH variations and crystal packing. Despite the high sequence identity with a recently reported potato cathepsin D inhibitor (PDI), three-dimensional structures obtained in this work show a significant conformational change in the protease-binding loop proposed for aspartic protease inhibition...
August 2016: Journal of Structural Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27152179/an-international-comparison-of-dietary-patterns-in-9-11-year-old-children
#3
V Mikkilä, H Vepsäläinen, T Saloheimo, S A Gonzalez, J D Meisel, G Hu, C M Champagne, J-P Chaput, T S Church, P T Katzmarzyk, R Kuriyan, A Kurpad, E V Lambert, C Maher, J Maia, V Matsudo, T Olds, V Onywera, O L Sarmiento, M Standage, M S Tremblay, C Tudor-Locke, P Zhao, M Fogelholm
OBJECTIVES: Dietary pattern is defined as a combination of foods and drinks and the frequency of consumption within a population. Dietary patterns are changing on a global level, which may be linked to an increased incidence of chronic diseases. The aim of this study was to identify and compare the dietary patterns among 9-11-year-old children living in urban regions in different parts of the world. METHODS: Participants were 7199 children (54% girls), aged 9-11 years, from 12 countries situated in all major world regions...
December 2015: International Journal of Obesity Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27066384/food-intake-and-gestational-weight-gain-in-swedish-women
#4
Linnea Bärebring, Petra Brembeck, Marie Löf, Hilde K Brekke, Anna Winkvist, Hanna Augustin
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to investigate if food intake (dairy, snacks, caloric beverages, bread, cheese, margarine/butter, potato/rice/pasta/grains, red meat, fish and fruit/berries/vegetables) is associated with gestational weight gain (GWG) in Swedish women. METHODS: Four day food records from 95 pregnant Swedish women were collected in the last trimester. GWG was calculated as weighed body weight in the last trimester (median gestational week 36) minus self-reported pre-pregnancy body weight...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27023503/effect-of-drying-methods-on-the-steroidal-alkaloid-content-of-potato-peels-shoots-and-berries
#5
Mohammad B Hossain, Nigel P Brunton, Dilip K Rai
The present study has found that dried potato samples yielded significantly higher levels of steroidal alkaloids such as α-solanine and α-chaconine than the corresponding fresh samples, as determined by the UPLC-MS/MS technique. Among the drying techniques used, air drying had the highest effect on steroidal alkaloid contents, followed by freeze drying and vacuum oven drying. There was no significant difference between the freeze dried and vacuum oven dried samples in their α-chaconine contents. However, freeze dried potato shoots and berries had significantly higher α-solanine contents (825 µg/g dry weight (DW) in shoots and 2453 µg/g DW in berries) than the vacuum oven dried ones (325 µg/g dry weight (DW) in shoots and 2080 µg/g DW in berries)...
2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26992694/a-cellulose-binding-domain-protein-restores-female-fertility-when-expressed-in-transgenic-bintje-potato
#6
Richard W Jones, Frances G Perez
BACKGROUND: Expression of a gene encoding the family 1 cellulose binding domain protein CBD1, identified in the cellulosic cell wall of the potato late blight pathogen Phytophthora infestans, was tested in transgenic potato to determine if it had an influence on plant cell walls and resistance to late blight. RESULTS: Multiple regenerants of potato (cv. Bintje) were developed and selected for high expression of CBD 1 transcripts. Tests with detached leaflets showed no evidence of increased or decreased resistance to P...
2016: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26394033/changes-in-intake-of-fruits-and-vegetables-and-weight-change-in-united-states-men-and-women-followed-for-up-to-24-years-analysis-from-three-prospective-cohort-studies
#7
Monica L Bertoia, Kenneth J Mukamal, Leah E Cahill, Tao Hou, David S Ludwig, Dariush Mozaffarian, Walter C Willett, Frank B Hu, Eric B Rimm
BACKGROUND: Current dietary guidelines recommend eating a variety of fruits and vegetables. However, based on nutrient composition, some particular fruits and vegetables may be more or less beneficial for maintaining or achieving a healthy weight. We hypothesized that greater consumption of fruits and vegetables with a higher fiber content or lower glycemic load would be more strongly associated with a healthy weight. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We examined the association between change in intake of specific fruits and vegetables and change in weight in three large, prospective cohorts of 133,468 United States men and women...
September 2015: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26202439/effects-of-school-meals-based-on-the-new-nordic-diet-on-intake-of-signature-foods-a-randomised-controlled-trial-the-opus-school-meal-study
#8
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Rikke Andersen, Anja Biltoft-Jensen, Elisabeth W Andersen, Majken Ege, Tue Christensen, Karin H Ygil, Anne V Thorsen, Camilla T Damsgaard, Arne Astrup, Kim F Michaelsen, Inge Tetens
A New Nordic Diet (NND) was developed in the context of the Danish OPUS Study (Optimal well-being, development and health for Danish children through a healthy New Nordic Diet). Health, gastronomic potential, sustainability and Nordic identity were crucial principles of the NND. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of serving NND school meals compared with the usual packed lunches on the dietary intake of NND signature foods. For two 3-month periods, 834 Danish children aged 8-11 years received NND school meals or their usual packed lunches brought from home (control) in random order...
September 14, 2015: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26189886/accuracy-of-self-reported-intake-of-signature-foods-in-a-school-meal-intervention-study-comparison-between-control-and-intervention-period
#9
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Anja Biltoft-Jensen, Camilla Trab Damsgaard, Rikke Andersen, Karin Hess Ygil, Elisabeth Wreford Andersen, Majken Ege, Tue Christensen, Louise Bergmann Sørensen, Ken D Stark, Inge Tetens, Anne-Vibeke Thorsen
Bias in self-reported dietary intake is important when evaluating the effect of dietary interventions, particularly for intervention foods. However, few have investigated this in children, and none have investigated the reporting accuracy of fish intake in children using biomarkers. In a Danish school meal study, 8- to 11-year-old children (n 834) were served the New Nordic Diet (NND) for lunch. The present study examined the accuracy of self-reported intake of signature foods (berries, cabbage, root vegetables, legumes, herbs, potatoes, wild plants, mushrooms, nuts and fish) characterising the NND...
August 28, 2015: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25898210/the-association-between-carbohydrate-rich-foods-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-is-not-modified-by-genetic-susceptibility-to-dyslipidemia-as-determined-by-80-validated-variants
#10
Emily Sonestedt, Sophie Hellstrand, Christina-Alexandra Schulz, Peter Wallström, Isabel Drake, Ulrika Ericson, Bo Gullberg, Bo Hedblad, Marju Orho-Melander
BACKGROUND: It is still unclear whether carbohydrate consumption is associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. Genetic susceptibility might modify the associations between dietary intakes and disease risk. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to examine the association between the consumption of carbohydrate-rich foods (vegetables, fruits and berries, juice, potatoes, whole grains, refined grains, cookies and cakes, sugar and sweets, and sugar-sweetened beverages) and the risk of incident ischemic CVD (iCVD; coronary events and ischemic stroke), and whether these associations differ depending on genetic susceptibility to dyslipidemia...
2015: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25895250/-metal-content-of-local-foods-in-pechenga-district-of-murmansk-region
#11
A A Dudarev, E V Dushkina, V S Chupahin, Yu N Sladkova, D V Burova, I V Gushchin, L V Talykova, A N Nikanov
Within international project KolArctic "Food safety and health in frontier area of Russia, Finland and Norway", the study covered local food sampling in Pechenga district of Murmansk region during autumn of 2013, including fish (from 6 lakes), game, mushrooms, wild and cultivated berries, vegetables from private gardens situated at various distances from Nickel and Zapolarnyi settlements, also polling among 400 residents. Levels of 13 metals in the foods were assessed in "Taifun" laboratory. MACs for cadmium was 1...
2015: Meditsina Truda i Promyshlennaia Ekologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25536552/foodstuff-contamination-and-pattern-of-consumption-by-population-of-foremost-radioactively-contaminated-territories-in-ukraine-during-the-remote-period-of-the-chornobyl-disaster-clean-up
#12
M Omelianets, N Piven, N Gunko, N Korotkova, V Sribna
Objective. The goal of the study was to estimate, from the perspective and in terms of hygienic provisions, the level of local food contamination by 137Cs and their pattern of consumption by residents of foremost radionuclide contaminated territories of Ukraine (Zhytomyr, Kyiv and Rivne oblasts) in the remote period of the Chornobyl disaster. Materials and methods. The article presents analytical data from the National Statistics Office of Ukraine concerning production and consumption of agricultural products in the territories of foremost severe radioactive contamination (TRC) i...
September 2014: Problemy Radiat︠s︡iĭnoï Medyt︠s︡yny Ta Radiobiolohiï
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25275401/safety-and-injury-characteristics-of-youth-farmworkers-in-north-carolina-a-pilot-study
#13
Thomas A Arcury, Guadalupe Rodriguez, Gregory D Kearney, Justin T Arcury, Sara A Quandt
Agriculture is a unique US industry in how youth are involved. Youth employed in agriculture experience high rates of injury, and youth migrant and seasonal farmworkers may be extremely vulnerable. The primary aim for this analysis is to describe the personal characteristics, work characteristics, occupational safety behaviors, and occupational injuries of North Carolina youth farmworkers. This pilot study uses data from interviewer-administered questionnaires with 87 youth farmworkers. Participants included males (62...
2014: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25193741/associations-of-adherence-to-the-new-nordic-diet-with-risk-of-preeclampsia-and-preterm-delivery-in-the-norwegian-mother-and-child-cohort-study-moba
#14
Elisabet Rudjord Hillesund, Nina C Øverby, Stephanie M Engel, Kari Klungsøyr, Quaker E Harmon, Margaretha Haugen, Elling Bere
Preeclampsia and preterm delivery are serious complications of pregnancy and leading causes of perinatal mortality and morbidity worldwide. Dietary factors might be associated with these adverse outcomes. We investigated whether adherence to the New Nordic Diet (NND) was associated with preeclampsia and preterm delivery risks in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa). Participants were recruited from all over Norway during the period 1999-2008. A previously constructed diet score assessing meal frequency, and the consumption of Nordic fruits, root vegetables, cabbages, potatoes, oatmeal porridge, whole grains, wild fish, game, berries, milk and water, was used to assess NND adherence...
October 2014: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25191711/peculiarities-of-internal-radiation-doses-due-to-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-cs-and-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-sr-intake-in-population-from-zhytomyr-oblast-in-a-late-period-after-the-chornobyl-npp-accident
#15
V V Vasylenko, M Y Tsigankov, S Y Nechaev, V O Pikta, G M Zadorozhna, A B Bilonyk
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To reveal the peculiarities of internal radiation doses in the inhabitants of Zhytomyr oblast and to provide a scientific ground for arrangements on internal irradiation dose reducing in population from contaminated regions in long-term period after the ChNPP accident. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Comprehensive radiation monitoring was carried out in 4 settlements in Narodychi region of Zhytomyr oblast. The radiochemical, dosimetric methods (instrumental and numerical) were used in the study...
2013: Problemy Radiat︠s︡iĭnoï Medyt︠s︡yny Ta Radiobiolohiï
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25191580/postprandial-response-of-plasma-il-6-to-isoenergetic-meals-rich-in-casein-or-potato-singly-and-combined-in-obese-women
#16
Patrick J Manning, Wayne H F Sutherland, Sylvia A de Jong, Anne R Ryalls, Elizabeth A Berry
Milk consumption decreases inflammatory stress in overweight and obese subjects. Casein is the major protein in milk and enhances the secretion of insulin that has anti-inflammatory activity. The aim of the present study was to compare the acute effect of meals rich in casein and carbohydrate and a combination of both nutrients on postprandial plasma concentrations of IL-6, a marker of inflammation, in obese women. A total of twenty-five obese women aged 38-68 years consumed isoenergetic meals rich in potato (POT) or casein (CA) or a combination of both these meals (POT + CA), in random order in a cross-over trial...
2013: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24885385/comparative-transcriptome-analysis-of-eggplant-solanum-melongena-l-and-turkey-berry-solanum-torvum-sw-phylogenomics-and-disease-resistance-analysis
#17
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Xu Yang, Yu-Fu Cheng, Cao Deng, Yan Ma, Zhi-Wen Wang, Xue-Hao Chen, Lin-Bao Xue
BACKGROUND: Eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) and turkey berry (S. torvum Sw.), a wild ally of eggplant with promising multi-disease resistance traits, are of great economic, medicinal and genetic importance, but genomic resources for these species are lacking. In the present study, we sequenced the transcriptomes of eggplant and turkey berry to accelerate research on these two non-model species. RESULTS: We built comprehensive, high-quality de novo transcriptome assemblies of the two Leptostemonum clade Solanum species from short-read RNA-Sequencing data...
2014: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24833275/central-obesity-is-associated-with-lower-intake-of-whole-grain-bread-and-less-frequent-breakfast-and-lunch-results-from-the-hunt-study-an-adult-all-population-survey
#18
Ingrid Løvold Mostad, Mette Langaas, Valdemar Grill
All-population and area-based investigations of diet in central obesity are scarce. We used cross-sectional data from 50 339 individuals who responded to the HUNT3 survey of 2006-2008, which recruited from all county-residing adults 20 years and older, to investigate whether those with central obesity eat and drink differently than others. Answers to dietary questions were recoded and analyzed with multiple linear regression, using waist/hip ratio (WHR), age, and sex as explanatory variables. Frequencies of consumption or amounts of food, beverages, and meals were compared among WHR quartiles...
July 2014: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24471055/food-and-water-security-issues-in-russia-i-food-security-in-the-general-population-of-the-russian-arctic-siberia-and-the-far-east-2000-2011
#19
Alexey A Dudarev, Pavel R Alloyarov, Valery S Chupakhin, Eugenia V Dushkina, Yuliya N Sladkova, Vitaliy M Dorofeyev, Tatijana A Kolesnikova, Kirill B Fridman, Lena Maria Nilsson, Birgitta Evengård
BACKGROUND: Problems related to food security in Russian Arctic (dietary imbalance, predominance of carbohydrates, shortage of milk products, vegetables and fruits, deficit of vitamins and microelements, chemical, infectious and parasitic food contamination) have been defined in the literature. But no standard protocol of food security assessment has been used in the majority of studies. OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to obtain food security indicators, identified within an Arctic collaboration, for selected regions of the Russian Arctic, Siberia and the Far East, and to compare food safety in these territories...
2013: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24396103/morphological-and-phylogenetic-identification-of-botrytis-sinoviticola-a-novel-cryptic-species-causing-gray-mold-disease-of-table-grapes-vitis-vinifera-in-china
#20
Y J Zhou, J Zhang, X D Wang, L Yang, D H Jiang, G Q Li, T Hsiang, W Y Zhuang
Seventy-five isolates of Botrytis collected from table grapes (Vitis vinifera) with gray mold symptoms in China were identified based on morpho-cultural characteristics on potato dextrose agar (20 C) and/or phylogenetic analysis using the sequences of three nuclear genes (G3PDH, HSP60, RPB2). Isolates of different species of Botrytis were compared with fenhexamid sensitivity, Bc-hch gene-RFLP haplotyping and pathogenicity to V. vinifera. The 75 isolates comprise two species, B. cinerea (63 isolates) and an undescribed Botrytis sp...
January 2014: Mycologia
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