keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Emergency airway

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635202/palliative-treatment-of-life-threatening-hemoptysis-with-silicone-stent-insertion-in-advanced-lung-cancer
#1
Emanuela Barisione, Carlo Genova, Marco Grosso, Mercedes Pasquali, Alessandro Blanco, Raffaella Felletti, Mario Salio
Massive hemoptysis is a stressful and life-threatening event that can occur in lung cancer patients. The management of this event is usually challenging, and can involve surgery, embolization, and bronchoscopy. Unfortunately, while surgery can offer a definitive solution to hemoptysis, lung cancer patients are often excluded from this approach. On the other hand, bronchial arterial embolization rarely results in long-term control of bleeding. Endoscopy allows a skilled physician to perform mechanical tamponade or laser photocoagulation of bleeding lesions and preserve the main airways...
May 18, 2017: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634749/the-king-laryngeal-tube-a-mimic-of-esophageal-intubation-in-the-emergency-department
#2
Daniel B Green, Christopher W Root, Ian R Drexler, Alan C Legasto, Jonathan St George
The King Airway is a temporary airway device used primarily in the pre-hospital setting and typically exchanged for an endotracheal tube upon arrival to the emergency department. Since this usually occurs before imaging, many radiologists are unfamiliar with the King Airway. This lack of familiarity can have important consequences for the patient and treating team. The purpose of this article is to raise awareness of the King Airway among radiologists, emphasize appropriate positioning, and review the imaging complications of incorrect positioning...
June 20, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632299/simningsorsakat-lung%C3%A3-dem-vid-svenska-f%C3%A3-rh%C3%A3-llanden-otillr%C3%A3-ckligt-studerat-erfarenheter-fr%C3%A3-n-vansbrosimningen-2016
#3
Annika Braman Eriksson, Martin Annsberg, Maria Hårdstedt
Swimming-induced pulmonary edema (SIPE) has been described in sports and military medicine during strenuous swimming in open water. Symptoms include dyspnea, cough, frothy mucus and hemoptysis. Hypertension, a tight wetsuit, overhydration and previous episodes of SIPE are suggested risk factors. Immediate interruption of swimming prevents more serious symptoms. In the open water race at Vansbro 2016, 69 swimmers (of 13,878 in total) were treated for symptoms suspected for SIPE. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) was successfully used to treat suspected SIPE in 46 patients in the on-site emergency care center...
June 20, 2017: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630743/comparison-of-five-video-assisted-intubation-devices-by-novice-and-expert-laryngoscopists-for-use-in-the-aeromedical-evacuation-environment
#4
Matthew C Wallace, SSgt Tyler Britton, Robbie Meek, Sharon Walsh-Hart, Col Todd E Carter, Steven J Lisco
BACKGROUND: The critically ill or injured patient undergoing military medical evacuation may require emergent intubation. Intubation may be life-saving, but it carries risks. The novice or infrequent laryngoscopist has a distinct disadvantage because experience is critical for the rapid and safe establishment of a secured airway. This challenge is compounded by the austere environment of the back of an aircraft under blackout conditions. This study determined which of five different video-assisted intubation devices (VAIDs) was best suited for in-flight use by U...
2017: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630596/association-between-hmgb1-and-asthma-a-literature-review
#5
REVIEW
Egidio Imbalzano, Sebastiano Quartuccio, Eleonora Di Salvo, Teresa Crea, Marco Casciaro, Sebastiano Gangemi
BACKGROUND: Recently, some studies demonstrated that HMGB1, as proinflammatory mediator belonging to the alarmin family, has a key role in different acute and chronic immune disorders. Asthma is a complex disease characterised by recurrent and reversible airflow obstruction associated to airway hyper-responsiveness and airway inflammation. OBJECTIVE: This literature review aims to analyse advances on HMGB1 role, employment and potential diagnostic application in asthma...
2017: Clinical and Molecular Allergy: CMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629918/trajectories-of-emergent-central-sleep-apnea-during-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-therapy
#6
Dongquan Liu, Jeff Armitstead, Adam Benjafield, Shiyun Shao, Atul Malhotra, Peter A Cistulli, Jean-Louis Pepin, Holger Woehrle
BACKGROUND: Emergence of central sleep apnea (CSA) during positive airway pressure (PAP) therapy has been observed clinically in ≈10% of OSA titration studies. This study assessed a PAP database to investigate trajectories of treatment-emergent CSA during continuous PAP (CPAP) therapy. METHODS: US telemonitoring device data were analyzed for the presence/absence of emergent CSA at baseline (Week 1) and Week 13. Defined groups were: obstructive sleep apnea (OSA; average central apnea index [CAI] <5/hour in Week 1, <5/hour in Week 13); transient CSA (CAI ≥5/hour in Week 1, <5/hour in Week 13); persistent CSA (CAI ≥5/hour in Week 1, ≥5/hour in Week 13); emergent CSA (CAI <5/hour in Week 1, ≥5/hour in Week 13)...
June 16, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629917/personalized-management-approach-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#7
REVIEW
Jayne C Carberry, Jason Amatoury, Danny J Eckert
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a heterogeneous disorder. If left untreated, OSA has major health, safety and economic consequences. In addition to varying levels of impairment in pharyngeal anatomy (narrow/collapsible airway), non-anatomical 'phenotypic traits' are also important contributors to OSA for most patients. However, the majority of existing therapies only target the anatomical cause (e.g. continuous positive airway pressure [CPAP], oral appliances, weight loss, positional therapy, and upper airway surgery)...
June 16, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629803/development-of-mpc-dpa-polymeric-nanoparticle-systems-for-inhalation-drug-delivery-applications
#8
Abdul Khaliq Elzhry Elyafi, Guy Standen, Steven T Meikle, Andrew L Lewis, Jonathan P Salvage
Inhalation of nanoparticles for pulmonary drug delivery offers the potential to harness nanomedicine formulations of emerging therapeutics, such as curcumin, for treatment of lung cancer. Biocompatible nanoparticles composed of poly(2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine)-b-poly(2-(diisopropylamino)ethyl methacrylate) (MPC-DPA) have been shown to be suitable nanocarriers for drugs, whilst N-trimethyl chitosan chloride (TMC) coating of nanoparticles has been reported to further enhance their cellular delivery efficacy; the combination of the two has not been previously investigated...
June 16, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627349/-clinical-application-of-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-with-abdominal-lifting-and-compression-in-emergency-treatment
#9
Jie Wang, Guolan Wu, Ronghua Yang, Yonghong Wang, Shunping Wang, Honglin Li, Shouhui Wang, Manguo Zhao, Xusheng Li, Yan Peng
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical value of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) with abdominal lifting and compression on patients with breathing and cardiac arrest induced by severe chest trauma. METHODS: Sixty-six breathing and cardiac arrest patients induced by severe chest trauma admitted to the General Hospital of Jingyuan Coal Industry Group Company from October 2011 to October 2016 were enrolled, and they were divided into abdominal lifting and compression group (n = 32) and unarmed abdominal compression group (n = 34) by random number table...
March 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625277/the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-hemoptysis
#10
Harald Ittrich, Maximilian Bockhorn, Hans Klose, Marcel Simon
BACKGROUND: Hemoptysis, i.e., the expectoration of blood from the lower airways, has an annual incidence of approximately 0.1% in ambulatory patients and 0.2% in inpatients. It is a potentially life-threatening medical emergency and carries a high mortality. METHODS: This review article is based on pertinent publications retrieved by a selective search in PubMed. RESULTS: Hemoptysis can be a sign of many different diseases. Its cause remains unknown in about half of all cases...
June 5, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624182/oral-appliances-for-the-management-of-osa-an-updated-review-of-the-literature
#11
REVIEW
Mona M Hamoda, Yuuya Kohzuka, Fernanda R Almeida
Oral appliances (OAs) are becoming increasingly recognized not only as an alternative, but also possibly as an adjunct treatment modality for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Compared to Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP), the gold standard therapy, OAs are less efficacious but are more accepted and tolerated by the patients which may in turn lead to a comparable therapeutic effectiveness. Different oral appliance designs currently exist and even more are constantly emerging. Additionally, state of the art technologies are being utilized in the fabrication of many however, all the currently available OAs employ the same mechanism of action by targeting the anatomical component involved in the pathogenesis of the disease...
June 14, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623244/it-s-a-cod-finding-nemo-impacted-fishbone-in-the-emergency-department
#12
Aileen McCabe, Andrew Patton, Nigel Salter
A 23-year-old woman presented to the emergency department (ED) with a sensation of a 'fish bone' stuck in her throat after eating cod. On physical examination, while she reported an uncomfortable sensation in her throat, no airway compromise was evident. Clinical examination, including ear, nose and throat (ENT) and oropharyngeal assessment, was unremarkable. A linear opacity consistent with a fishbone was visualised on a soft tissue lateral neck X-ray anterior to the vertebral body of C4-6. One attempt to visualise the fishbone on direct laryngoscopy failed in the ED...
June 15, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623005/pre-oxygenation-implications-in-emergency-airway-management
#13
REVIEW
Ali Pourmand, Chelsea Robinson, Kelsey Dorwart, Francis O'Connell
Transient oxygen desaturation during emergency department intubation is an event with potentially devastating consequences. Pre-oxygenation is an important means of increasing a patient's oxygen reserve and duration of safe apnea prior to intubation. In the emergent setting, important modifications to pre-oxygenation techniques need to be considered to best manage critically ill patients. In this review, we discuss recent updates in pre-oxygenation techniques and evaluate the evidence supporting both commonly used and newly emerging techniques for pre-oxygenation, assessing nature and level of illness, the best delivery method of oxygen, using delayed sequence intubation in patients who cannot tolerate non-invasive pre-oxygenation and using apneic oxygenation via nasal cannula and non-rebreather mask during intubation...
June 8, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622152/use-of-transnasal-humidified-rapid-insufflation-ventilatory-exchange-for-emergent-surgical-tracheostomy-a-case-report
#14
Neel Desai, Anna Fowler
Transnasal humidified rapid-insufflation ventilatory exchange (THRIVE) is a novel airway technique that utilizes high-flow humidified nasal oxygen. It can extend apnea time and maintain oxygen saturation. Here we report the use of THRIVE in a 35-year-old man who required emergent surgical tracheostomy for a clinically relevant compromised airway secondary to acute supraglottic and glottic pathology. Intravenous sedation resulted in hypoventilation close to apnea. THRIVE maintained oxygen saturation for 40 minutes until transient desaturation developed after complete airway obstruction...
June 15, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616866/vocal-palsy-increases-the-risk-of-lower-respiratory-tract-infection-in-low-risk-low-morbidity-patients-undergoing-thyroidectomy-for-benign-disease-a-big-data-analysis
#15
S A R Nouraei, J Allen, H Kaddour, S E Middleton, P Aylin, A Darzi, N S Tolley
OBJECTIVES: Thyroidectomy is the commonest and most rapidly-growing operation which places normally-functioning laryngeal nerves at risk of injury. Laryngeal palsy is a major risk-factor for dysphonia, dysphagia, and less commonly, airway obstruction. We investigated the association between post-thyroidectomy vocal palsy and long-term risks of pneumonia and laryngeal failure. DESIGN: An N=near-all analysis of the English administrative dataset using a previously-validated informatics algorithm to identify young and otherwise low-risk patients undergoing thyroidectomy for benign disease...
June 14, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616369/management-of-an-obstructed-tracheostomy-in-a-limited-resource-setting
#16
Julie Chiaravalli, Norman Lufesi, Elwin Shawa, Vitumbiko Nkhoma, Elaine Sigalet, Adam Dubrowski
Obstruction of a tracheostomy tube is a common cause of respiratory compromise in adults and pediatric patients, which can lead to a life-threatening emergency if it is not properly managed. Compromised airway patency has many potential etiologies; however, the scenario described in this technical report focuses specifically on the management of tracheostomy obstruction through the presence of a mucus plug, blood clot, or highly viscous secretions. The simulation described in this technical report was written to be conducted as an in-situ simulation within the intensive care unit (ICU) at Mzuzu Central Hospital, Malawi...
May 13, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615935/serum-inflammatory-biomarkers-and-clinical-outcomes-of-copd-exacerbation-caused-by-different-pathogens
#17
Theerasuk Kawamatawong, Apitch Apiwattanaporn, Warisara Siricharoonwong
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: COPD exacerbation is characterized by worsening of symptoms, warranting change in treatment. Systemic and airway inflammation play roles in the pathogenesis of COPD exacerbation. We hypothesized whether increased serum inflammatory biomarkers are associated with the clinical outcomes of COPD exacerbation caused by different infectious pathogens. METHODS: COPD patients with exacerbation were recruited from a hospital emergency department during 2014-2015...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615900/predictors-of-outcome-in-children-with-status-epilepticus-during-resuscitation-in-pediatric-emergency-department-a-retrospective-observational-study
#18
Indumathy Santhanam, Sangeetha Yoganathan, V Akila Sivakumar, Rubini Ramakrishnamurugan, Sharada Sathish, Murali Thandavarayan
OBJECTIVES: To study the clinical profile and predictors of outcome in children with status epilepticus (SE) during resuscitation in pediatric emergency department. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study was carried out in a tertiary care teaching hospital. Admission and resuscitation data of children, aged between 1 month and 12 years, treated for SE, between September 2013 and August 2014, were extracted using a standard data collection form. Our SE management protocol had employed a modified pediatric assessment triangle to recognize and treat acute respiratory failure, cardiovascular dysfunction (CD), and subtle SE until all parameters resolved...
April 2017: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611887/derivation-and-validation-of-the-prehospital-difficult-airway-identificationtool-predait-a-predictive-model-for-difficult-intubation
#19
Jestin N Carlson, David Hostler, Francis X Guyette, Mark Pinchalk, Christian Martin-Gill
INTRODUCTION: Endotracheal intubation (ETI) in the prehospital setting poses unique challenges where multiple ETI attempts are associated with adverse patient outcomes. Early identification of difficult ETI cases will allow providers to tailor airway-management efforts to minimize complications associated with ETI. We sought to derive and validate a prehospital difficult airway identification tool based on predictors of difficult ETI in other settings. METHODS: We prospectively collected patient and airway data on all airway attempts from 16 Advanced Life Support (ALS) ground emergency medical services (EMS) agencies from January 2011 to October 2014...
June 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611139/unrecognised-diaphragmatic-hernia-in-a-refugee-child-an-incidental-diagnosis
#20
Dimitri Poddighe, Tiziana Boggini, Salvatore Savasta, Gian Luigi Marseglia
A 4-year-old boy from Syria was evaluated at the emergency department because of an upper airway viral illness. His physical examination showed a significant intensity reduction of all heart sounds in the absence of any other pathological signs. As the child was affected with Down's syndrome and had suffered thoracic and abdominal trauma because of bombardments, a diaphragmatic hernia was immediately suspected and was confirmed through a simple chest X-ray. A careful clinical examination is crucial in refugee children and adolescents, as several medical and surgical disorders could have escaped previously...
June 13, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
keyword
keyword
23097
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"