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Stroke education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336387/the-word-heart-federation-roadmap-for-nonvalvular-atrial-fibrillation
#1
Adrianna Murphy, Amitava Banerjee, Günter Breithardt, A John Camm, Patrick Commerford, Ben Freedman, J Antonio Gonzalez-Hermosillo, Jonathan L Halperin, Chu-Pak Lau, Pablo Perel, Denis Xavier, David Wood, Xavier Jouven, Carlos A Morillo
BACKGROUND: The World Heart Federation has undertaken an initiative to develop a series of Roadmaps to promote development of national policies and health systems approaches, and to identify potential roadblocks on the road to effective prevention, detection, and management of cardiovascular disease in low-and middle-income countries (LMICs) and develop strategies for overcoming these. This Roadmap focuses on atrial fibrillation (AF). AF is the most common, clinically significant arrhythmia and, among other clinical outcomes, is associated with increased risk of stroke...
March 20, 2017: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335690/promoting-physical-activity-after-stroke-via-self-management-a-feasibility-study
#2
Elisabeth Preston, Catherine M Dean, Louise Ada, Rosalyn Stanton, Sandy Brauer, Suzanne Kuys, Gordon Waddington
BACKGROUND: Many people with mild disability after stroke are physically inactive despite the risk of recurrent stroke. A self-management program may be one strategy to increase physical activity in stroke survivors. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the feasibility of a self-management program, and determine whether self-management can increase daily physical activity levels and self-efficacy for exercise, decrease cardiovascular risk, and improve walking ability, participation, and quality of life in people with mild disability after stroke...
March 23, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333925/video-based-educational-intervention-associated-with-improved-stroke-literacy-self-efficacy-and-patient-satisfaction
#3
Mary Carter Denny, Farhaan Vahidy, Kim Y T Vu, Anjail Z Sharrief, Sean I Savitz
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Interventions are needed to improve stroke literacy among recent stroke survivors. We developed an educational video for patients hospitalized with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) and intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). METHODS: A 5-minute stroke education video was shown to our AIS and ICH patients admitted from March to June 2015. Demographics and a 5-minute protocol Montreal Cognitive Assessment were also collected. Questions related to stroke knowledge, self-efficacy, and patient satisfaction were answered before, immediately after, and 30 days after the video...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331254/an-investigation-to-identify-potential-risk-factors-associated-with-common-chronic-diseases-among-the-older-population-in-india
#4
Enemona Emmanuel Adaji, Anand S Ahankari, Puja R Myles
BACKGROUND: In India, chronic diseases are the leading cause of death and their prevalence has constantly increased over the last decade. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify risk factors associated with common chronic diseases among people aged 50 years and over in India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from Wave 1 of the 2007/2008 Indian Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health (SAGE) was used to investigate the association between lifestyle choices and chronic diseases using logistic regression...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331011/rates-and-correlates-of-suicidal-ideation-among-stroke-survivors-a-meta-analysis
#5
Francesco Bartoli, Maurizio Pompili, Nicoletta Lillia, Cristina Crocamo, Giuseppe Salemi, Massimo Clerici, Giuseppe Carrà
BACKGROUND: A better understanding of the epidemiological impact of suicidal ideation after stroke is required to identify subjects needing personalised interventions. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this meta-analysis was to estimate rates and correlates of suicidal ideation among stroke survivors. METHODS: We searched via Ovid, Medline, Embase and PsycInfo from database inception until August 2016. Predefined outcomes were (1) rates of suicidal ideation based on random-effects pooled proportion and (2) relevant sociodemographic and clinical correlates, using random-effects odds ratio (OR) or standardised mean difference (SMD) for categorical and continuous variables, respectively...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329057/coronary-artery-calcification-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-and-death-among-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#6
Jing Chen, Matthew J Budoff, Muredach P Reilly, Wei Yang, Sylvia E Rosas, Mahboob Rahman, Xiaoming Zhang, Jason A Roy, Eva Lustigova, Lisa Nessel, Virginia Ford, Dominic Raj, Anna C Porter, Elsayed Z Soliman, Jackson T Wright, Myles Wolf, Jiang He
Importance: Coronary artery calcification (CAC) is highly prevalent in dialysis-naive patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, there are sparse data on the association of CAC with subsequent risk of cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality in this population. Objective: To study the prospective association of CAC with risk of cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality among dialysis-naive patients with CKD. Design, Setting, and Participants: The prospective Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort study recruited adults with an estimated glomerular filtration rate of 20 to 70 mL/min/1...
March 22, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325384/-therapeutic-education-of-children-who-are-victims-or-at-risk-of-a-stroke
#7
Delphine Micaëlli
Therapeutic patient education is one of the health improvement projects. It provides personalised support for a child who has suffered or is at risk of suffering a stroke, and their family. This approach requires the sharing and transfer of knowhow, behaviour and attitude on the part of specially trained health professionals.
March 2017: Soins. Pédiatrie, Puériculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322905/bilingualism-delays-the-onset-of-behavioral-but-not-aphasic-forms-of-frontotemporal-dementia
#8
Suvarna Alladi, Thomas H Bak, Mekala Shailaja, Divyaraj Gollahalli, Amuya Rajan, Bapiraju Surampudi, Michael Hornberger, Vasanta Duggirala, Jaydip Ray Chaudhuri, Subhash Kaul
Bilingualism has been found to delay onset of dementia and this has been attributed to an advantage in executive control in bilinguals. However, the relationship between bilingualism and cognition is complex, with costs as well as benefits to language functions. To further explore the cognitive consequences of bilingualism, the study used Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) syndromes, to examine whether bilingualism modifies the age at onset of behavioral and language variants of Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) differently...
March 18, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320747/association-of-cardiovascular-health-with-subclinical-disease-and-incident-events-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#9
Tamar S Polonsky, Hongyan Ning, Martha L Daviglus, Kiang Liu, Gregory L Burke, Mary Cushman, John Eng, Aaron R Folsom, Pamela L Lutsey, Jennifer A Nettleton, Wendy S Post, Ralph L Sacco, Moyses Szklo, Donald M Lloyd-Jones
BACKGROUND: Few adults have ideal cardiovascular health (CVH). We studied associations of an overall CVH score with subclinical cardiovascular disease and events. We assessed whether associations varied by race/ethnicity. METHODS AND RESULTS: Among 5961 participants in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis, components of CVH were measured at baseline, 2000-2002: systolic blood pressure, total cholesterol, fasting glucose, smoking, physical activity, diet, and body mass index...
March 20, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320363/the-mediational-role-of-physical-activity-social-contact-and-stroke-on-the-association-between-age-education-employment-and-dementia-in-an-asian-older-adult-population
#10
Edimansyah Abdin, Siow Ann Chong, Chao Xu Peh, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Boon Yiang Chua, Swapna Verma, Anitha Jeyagurunathan, Saleha Shafie, Mythily Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: Our study aimed to investigate the pathways by which socio-demographic factors, modifiable health and lifestyle risk factors influence each other, and subsequently, lead to dementia. METHODS: We used data from the Well-being of the Singapore Elderly study, a nationally representative survey of the older adult population aged 60 years and above in Singapore. Dementia diagnosis was established using 10/66 dementia criteria. Structural equation modelling (SEM) without latent variable was applied to confirm the hypothesized model...
March 20, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320171/stroke-severity-predicts-poststroke-delirium-and-its-association-with-dementia-longitudinal-observation-from-a-low-income-setting
#11
Akin Ojagbemi, Mayowa Owolabi, Toyin Bello, Olusegun Baiyewu
OBJECTIVE: The effect of delirium on stroke outcome has not been quantified in sub-Saharan Africa. We investigated the prevalence of delirium occurring within one week of stroke in Nigerian survivors and its association with dementia and mortality at 3months. METHODS: Delirium was ascertained after repeated assessments within one week of stroke using the Confusion Assessment Method. Demographic and clinical characteristics, stroke severity, current and pre-morbid cognitive functioning were also assessed...
April 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319944/time-of-day-could-affect-cognitive-screening-performance-in-older-patients-with-tia-and-stroke
#12
Sara Mazzucco, Linxin Li, Maria A Tuna, Sarah T Pendlebury, Rhoda Frost, Rose Wharton, Peter M Rothwell
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The impact of time-of-day on the cognitive performance of older patients with limited cognitive reserve after a transient ischemic attack (TIA) or stroke, and on short cognitive tests, such as the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), is unknown. We retrospectively studied whether morning versus afternoon assessment might affect the classification of patients aged 70 or older as severe (SCI), mild (MCI), and no (NCI) cognitive impairment by the MoCA. METHODS: Morning (12 p...
March 21, 2017: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317060/prognostic-factors-for-mortality-in-patients-with-bullous-pemphigoid-a-meta-analysis
#13
Yi-Di Liu, Yan-Hong Wang, Yi-Cong Ye, Wen-Ling Zhao, Li Li
Bullous pemphigoid (BP) is a chronic debilitating autoimmune blistering disease that frequently occurs in the elderly population. Previous studies have suggested a high morbidity and mortality associated with BP. However, relatively few studies have investigated prognostic factors of BP mortality, and they showed considerably various results. This meta-analysis aimed to quantitatively assess the association between several potential prognostic factors and risk of mortality in bullous pemphigoid. A comprehensive search was performed using Pubmed, Embase, and Cochrane Library...
March 19, 2017: Archives of Dermatological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314800/performance-of-the-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease-pooled-cohort-risk-equations-by-social-deprivation-status
#14
Lisandro D Colantonio, Joshua S Richman, April P Carson, Donald M Lloyd-Jones, George Howard, Luqin Deng, Virginia J Howard, Monika M Safford, Paul Muntner, David C Goff
BACKGROUND: The atherosclerosis cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) Pooled Cohort risk equations have shown different calibration across US populations with varied levels of social deprivation. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analyzed the calibration and discrimination of the Pooled Cohort risk equations by social deprivation status among 9066 REGARDS (REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke) study participants not taking statins for whom ASCVD risk may lead to statin initiation...
March 17, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314139/patients-experiences-of-atrial-fibrillation-and-non-vitamin-k-antagonist-oral-anticoagulants-noacs-and-their-educational-needs-a-qualitative-study
#15
Danielle E Clarkesmith, Gregory Y H Lip, Deirdre A Lane
PURPOSE: Qualitative research on atrial fibrillation (AF) patient's experiences and perceptions of taking the non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) for stroke prevention is limited. This study explores patients' experiences of dabigatran and their recommendations for development of educational materials. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Semi-structured individual interviews with 8 warfarin-naive and 8 warfarin-experienced AF patients, using qualitative deductive thematic analysis...
March 7, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304307/logopenic-aphasia-due-to-a-strategic-stroke-new-evidence-from-a-single-case
#16
Javier Riancho, Ana Pozueta, Miguel Santos, Carmen Lage, José M Carril, Ignacio Banzo, Isabel Martínez-Rodriguez, Marilu Gorno-Tempini, Pascual Sánchez-Juan
Among primary progressive aphasias (PPAs), logopenic variant PPA (lv-PPA) is usually related to Alzheimer's disease. Although it has been widely clinically and pathologically evaluated, the topography in LPA is still controversial. We report a patient presenting with a logopenic syndrome due to a strategic lesion located in the superior and middle temporal gyrus and compare our findings with those of a PiB-PET positive lv-PPA patient matched by age, gender, and education. We consider that our study provides new anatomical clues to better understand the cognitive mechanisms underlying the logopenic syndrome...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302552/exploring-overlaps-between-the-genomic-and-environmental-determinants-of-lvh-and-stroke-a-multicenter-study-in-west-africa
#17
Abiodun M Adeoye, Bruce Ovbiagele, Philip Kolo, Lambert Appiah, Akinyemi Aje, Oladimeji Adebayo, Fred Sarfo, Joshua Akinyemi, Gregory Adekunle, Francis Agyekum, Vincent Shidali, Okechukwu Ogah, Dan Lackland, Mulugeta Gebregziabher, Donna Arnett, Hemant K Tiwari, Rufus Akinyemi, Ojo Olakanmi Olagoke, Ayodipupo Sikiru Oguntade, Taiwo Olunuga, Kelechi Uwanruochi, Carolyn Jenkins, Patrick Adadey, Henry Iheonye, Lukman Owolabi, Reginald Obiako, Samuel Akinjopo, Kevin Armstrong, Albert Akpalu, Adekunle Fakunle, Raelle Saulson, Mayowa Aridegbe, Paul Olowoyo, Godwin Osaigbovo, Josephine Akpalu, Bimbo Fawale, Philip Adebayo, Oyedunni Arulogun, Philip Ibinaiye, Atinuke Agunloye, Naser Ishaq, Kolawole Wahab, Onoja Akpa, Omisore Adeleye, Andrew Bock-Oruma, Godwin Ogbole, Sylvia Melikam, Joseph Yaria, Luqman Ogunjimi, Abdul Salaam, Taofiki Sunmonu, Akintomiwa Makanjuola, Temitope Farombi, Ruth Laryea, Ezinne Uvere, Salaam Kehinde, Innocent Chukwuonye, Paschal Azuh, Morenikeji Komolafe, Adeseye Akintunde, Olugbo Obiabo, Olusegun Areo, Issa Kehinde, Adeniyi G Amusa, Mayowa Owolabi
BACKGROUND: Whether left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is determined by similar genomic and environmental risk factors with stroke, or is simply an intermediate stroke marker, is unknown. OBJECTIVES: We present a research plan and preliminary findings to explore the overlap in the genomic and environmental determinants of LVH and stroke among Africans participating in the SIREN (Stroke Investigative Research and Education Network) study. METHODS: SIREN is a transnational, multicenter study involving acute stroke patients and age-, ethnicity-, and sex-matched control subjects recruited from 9 sites in Ghana and Nigeria...
March 13, 2017: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300627/serum-uric-acid-is-associated-with-better-executive-function-in-men-but-not-in-women-baseline-assessment-of-the-elsa-brasil-study
#18
Cristina Pellegrino Baena, Claudia Kimie Suemoto, Sandhi Barreto, Paulo Lotufo, Isabela Benseñor
BACKGROUND: Serum uric acid (SUA) may protect against free radical stress damage and was previously linked to cognitive impairment in older adults, but evidence in middle-aged adults is scarce. PURPOSE: We sought to analyze whether SUA is associated with cognitive performance in apparently healthy middle-aged participants in the ELSA-Brasil cohort study. METHODS: We excluded participants older than age 65, those taking allopurinol, benzbromarone, or medications that could impair cognitive performance, those with previous stroke, and those with incomplete data on cognitive tests or SUA...
March 11, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290388/the-evaluation-of-sexual-function-in-women-with-stroke
#19
Halim Yilmaz, Haluk Gumus, Sema D Yilmaz, Halil E Akkurt, Faruk O Odabas
BACKGROUND: Although very common, sexual dysfunction is a neglected disorder in women with stroke. AIM: To investigate the physical, psychological and sexual changes in women with stroke, and to determine the factors related to these changes. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This descriptive study was conducted at a tertiary care university hospital. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 112 women (51 stroke patients, 61 healthy controls) were included in the study...
March 2017: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289631/effect-of-a-caregiver-s-education-program-on-stroke-rehabilitation
#20
Sang-Eun Hong, Chang-Hwan Kim, Ee-Jin Kim, Kyung-Lim Joa, Tae-Hyun Kim, Sang-Keun Kim, Hee-Jun Han, Eui-Chang Lee, Han-Young Jung
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate effects of caregiver's education program on their satisfaction, as well as patient functional recovery, performed in addition to daily conventional rehabilitation treatment. METHODS: Three hundred eleven subjects diagnosed with first-onset stroke and transferred to the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation of Inha University Hospital were surveyed. In 2015, caregivers attended an education program for acute and subacute stroke patients...
February 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
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