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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928314/smokeless-tobacco-and-public-health-in-bangladesh
#1
REVIEW
Rumana Huque, M Mostafa Zaman, Syed Mahfuzul Huq, Dhirendra N Sinha
Despite the high prevalence of smokeless tobacco (SLT) use among adults in Bangladesh, SLT was not included in the Tobacco Control Law till 2013. Information on SLT use among Bangladeshi people is inadequate for policymaking and implementing effective control measures. With the aim to identify the prevalence and trends of different SLT products, health and economic impacts, manufacture, and sale of and policies related to SLT in Bangladesh, we carried out a literature review, which involved literature search, data extraction, and synthesis...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913677/thus-far-and-no-further-should-diastolic-hypotension-limit-intensive-blood-pressure-lowering
#2
REVIEW
Marcel Ruzicka, Cedric Edwards, Brendan McCormick, Swapnil Hiremath
Intensive blood pressure lowering to systolic blood pressure thresholds of less than 120 mmHg is making a slow comeback with the publication of trials supporting its benefit, especially in lowering stroke and congestive heart failure. At the same time, there is an increasing awareness of the prevalence and risk of diastolic hypotension, especially at levels of less than 60 mmHg, with support for the existence of a J-curve coming from post hoc analyses of trials and epidemiological data from large cohort studies...
September 14, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845957/sleep-disorders-sleep-related-breathing-disorders
#3
Deepa Burman
Sleep-related breathing disorders or sleep-disordered breathing are characterized by abnormal respiration during sleep. They are grouped into obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), central sleep apnea, sleep-related hypoventilation, and sleep-related hypoxemia disorder. OSA is a common disorder encountered in the family medicine setting that is increasingly being recognized because of the obesity epidemic and greater public and physician awareness. OSA is characterized by recurrent episodes of partial or complete closure of the upper airway resulting in disturbed breathing during sleep...
September 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840009/role-of-cannabis-in-cardiovascular-disorders
#4
REVIEW
Hemant Goyal, Hamza H Awad, Jalal K Ghali
The growing popularity of medical and recreational consumption of cannabis, especially among the youth, raises immediate concerns regarding its safety and long-terms effects. The cardiovascular effects of cannabis are not well known. Cannabis consumption has been shown to cause arrhythmia including ventricular tachycardia, and potentially sudden death, and to increase the risk of myocardial infarction (MI). These effects appear to be compounded by cigarette smoking and precipitated by excessive physical activity, especially during the first few hours of consumption...
July 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838588/service-provision-for-stroke-the-greek-paradox
#5
Antigoni Fountouki, Dimitrios Theofanidis
Stroke remains a leading cause of mortality, as well as of subsequent serious long-term physical and mental morbidity. This places special demands for updated clinical excellence and optimum organization of stroke care services. Stroke units have been shown to improve patient outcomes. Thus, many western countries have developed and implemented sophisticated stroke facilities and corresponding public awareness strategies. These cannot be easily "translated" in Greece due to special features on the hospital administration system such as a unique rotation system for acute admissions and long-standing austerity...
September 2017: Journal of Vascular Nursing: Official Publication of the Society for Peripheral Vascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817553/hypertension-prevalence-awareness-treatment-and-control-among-adults-aged-%C3%A2-18-years-los-angeles-county-1999-2006-and-2007-2014
#6
Craig M Hales, Margaret D Carroll, Paul A Simon, Tony Kuo, Cynthia L Ogden
Hypertension is an important and common risk factor for heart disease and stroke, two of the leading causes of death in adults in the United States. Despite considerable improvement in increasing the awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension, undiagnosed and uncontrolled hypertension remain public health challenges (1). Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were used to estimate the prevalence of hypertension, as well as awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension among adults aged ≥18 years in Los Angeles County compared with adults aged ≥18 years in the United States during 1999-2006 and 2007-2014...
August 18, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792285/awareness-and-management-of-elevated-blood-pressure-among-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-adults-receiving-antiretroviral-therapy-in-urban-zambia-a-call-to-action
#7
Sophie Bauer, Mwanza Wa Mwanza, Roma Chilengi, Charles B Holmes, Zude Zyambo, Hansjakob Furrer, Matthias Egger, Gilles Wandeler, Michael J Vinikoor
The prevalence of high blood pressure (HBP) and hypertension (HTN), awareness of the diagnoses, and use of anti-hypertensive drugs were examined among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals on antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Zambia's capital Lusaka. Within a prospective cohort based at two public sector ART clinics, BP was measured at ART initiation and every 6 months thereafter as a routine clinic procedure. Predictors of HBP (systolic BP ≥140 mmHg or diastolic BP ≥90 mmHg) during one year on ART were analyzed using logistic regression, and the proportion with HTN (2+ episodes of HBP >3 months apart) described...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772053/heart-failure-awareness-survey-in-germany-general-knowledge-on-heart-failure-remains-poor
#8
Christine Zelenak, Sara Radenovic, Lindy Musial-Bright, Elvis Tahirovic, Mesud Sacirovic, Chong-Bin Lee, Diana Jahandar-Lashki, Simone Inkrot, Tobias Daniel Trippel, Andreas Busjahn, Djawid Hashemi, Rolf Wachter, Sabine Pankuweit, Stefan Störk, Burkert Pieske, Frank Edelmann, Hans-Dirk Düngen
AIMS: Previous studies demonstrated poor public awareness of heart failure (HF) compared with myocardial infarction and stroke. With respect to several activities to improve HF awareness in recent years, we present data on the development of HF awareness and information sources in Germany over 8 years. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 2007, 2012, and 2015, respectively, 2531, 359, and 171 respondents answered questions about causes, presentation, prognosis, and treatment of HF from a survey developed by the German Competence Network HF...
August 2017: ESC Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761627/acute-management-of-stroke-in-iran-obstacles-and-solutions
#9
Shima Shahjouei, Reza Bavarsad-Shahripour, Farhad Assarzadegan, Reza Rikhtegar, Masoud Mehrpour, Babak Zamani, Georgios Tsivgoulis, Andrei Alexandrov, Anne Alexandrov, Ramin Zand
Background: Stroke is among the leading causes of mortality and permanent disability in the world. Iran is located in the stroke belt and has a high age-adjusted stroke incidence rate. In this multistep prospective qualitative study, we aimed at investigating the status and challenges of stroke management in Iran and explore possible solutions. Methods: In the first and second phase, we attempted to define the status of stroke management in Iran by searching the relevant literature and conducting semi-structured interviews with health-care providers in thirteen hospitals located in seven large cities in Iran...
April 4, 2017: Iranian Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726795/a-retrospective-analysis-of-hypertension-screening-at-a-mass-gathering-in-india-implications-for-non-communicable-disease-control-strategies
#10
S Balsari, P Vemulapalli, M Gofine, K Oswal, R Merchant, S Saunik, G Greenough, T Khanna
Cardiovascular disease is the leading case of mortality from non-communicable diseases (NCD) in India. The government's National Programme for Prevention and Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Diseases and Stroke seeks to increase capacity building, screening, referral and management of NCDs across India, and includes community-based outreach and screening programmes. The government in India routinely provides basic care at religious mass gatherings. However, in 2015, at the Kumbh Mela in Nashik and Trimbakeshwar, the state government extended its services to include a hypertension screening programme...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717428/awareness-toward-stroke-in-a-population-based-sample-of-iranian-adults
#11
Mozaffar Hosseininezhad, Hannan Ebrahimi, Seyed Mohammad Seyedsaadat, Babak Bakhshayesh, Motahareh Asadi, Amir Reza Ghayeghran
Background: Stroke is the leading cause of death and functional disability. While there have been major advances regarding the management of stroke, a significant proportion of people are still unaware of stroke-related symptoms and risk factors. This study was performed to assess the awareness of stroke's warning signs and risk factors among a sample of Iranian population. Methods: A total of 649 participants were randomly selected using systematic randomization from the list of telephone numbers obtained from the telephone directory...
January 5, 2017: Iranian Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698086/stroke-burden-in-rwanda-a-multicenter-study-on-stroke-management-and-outcome
#12
Agabe Emmy Nkusi, Severien Muneza, Steven Nshuti, David Hakizimana, Paulin Munyemana, Menelas Nkeshimana, Emmanuel Rudakemwa, Etienne Amendezo
BACKGROUND: Cerebro-vascular accidents (CVA) or Stroke constitute the second leading cause of mortality worldwide. Low and middle income countries bear most of stroke burden worldwide. The main objective of this study is to determine the burden of stroke in Rwanda. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study done in 2 parts; 6 months baseline data collection and outcome assessment sessions at 1 year. RESULTS: 96 patients were enrolled in our series...
July 8, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655311/diagnostic-delay-for-giant-cell-arteritis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
James A Prior, Hoda Ranjbar, John Belcher, Sarah L Mackie, Toby Helliwell, Jennifer Liddle, Christian D Mallen
BACKGROUND: Giant cell arteritis (GCA), if untreated, can lead to blindness and stroke. The study's objectives were to (1) determine a new evidence-based benchmark of the extent of diagnostic delay for GCA and (2) examine the role of GCA-specific characteristics on diagnostic delay. METHODS: Medical literature databases were searched from inception to November 2015. Articles were included if reporting a time-period of diagnostic delay between onset of GCA symptoms and diagnosis...
June 28, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619581/-cardiovascular-risk-of-smoking-by-gender
#14
Daniel Thomas
In France, the increase in the prevalence of women's smoking has been major over the past 30 years. The consequences are a significant increase and an unusual precocity of all the women's cardiovascular (CV) pathologies (myocardial infarction, stroke and aortic pathologies). Associated factors (combined oral contraception, unequal distribution of other CV risk factors by sex) increase the CV impact of women's smoking. For the same tobacco use, women have a 25% higher risk of coronary heart disease than men...
July 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594459/computer-vision-syndrome-a-common-cause-of-unexplained-visual-symptoms-in-the-modern-era
#15
REVIEW
Sunil Munshi, Ashley Varghese, Sushma Dhar-Munshi
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the evidence and available literature on the clinical, pathogenetic, prognostic and therapeutic aspects of Computer vision syndrome. METHODS: Information was collected from Medline, Embase & National Library of Medicine over the last 30 years up to March 2016. The bibliographies of relevant articles were searched for additional references. FINDINGS: Patients with Computer vision syndrome present to a variety of different specialists, including General Practitioners, Neurologists, Stroke physicians and Ophthalmologists...
July 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582859/blood-pressure-and-hispanic-latino-cognitive-function-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos-results
#16
Wassim Tarraf, Carlos J Rodríguez, Martha L Daviglus, Melissa Lamar, Neil Schneiderman, Linda Gallo, Gregory A Talavera, Robert C Kaplan, Myriam Fornage, Alan Conceicao, Hector M González
BACKGROUND: Hispanics/Latinos are at increased risk for cardiovascular disease and cognitive decline and dementias. High blood pressure (BP) has been implicated in both stroke and dementias. Associations between BP and cognition among diverse Latinos are still unpublished. OBJECTIVE: We examined associations between cognition and four BP based measures among diverse Hispanics/Latinos. We hypothesized that higher BP, particularly systolic pressure, and increased arterial stiffness (i...
2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566148/assessment-of-the-general-public-s-knowledge-of-stroke-a-cross-sectional-study-in-yaound%C3%A3-cameroon
#17
Jobert Richie Nansseu, Cedric Paterson Atangana, Saint-Just N Petnga, Joseph Kamtchum-Tatuene, Jean Jacques Noubiap
BACKGROUND: Stroke knowledge and awareness in the general public is important to improve stroke prevention and ensure prompt response to disease onset. Addressing the dearth of data in Africa, this study aimed to determine the level of knowledge on stroke definition, symptoms, risk factors and complications in the general population living in Yaoundé, Cameroon. METHODS: From February to April 2015, we conducted a cross-sectional study at the Nicolas Barre Hospital Centre...
July 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560735/impact-of-the-swedish-national-stroke-campaign-on-stroke-awareness
#18
A Nordanstig, K Asplund, B Norrving, N Wahlgren, P Wester, L Rosengren
BACKGROUND: Time delay from stroke onset to arrival in hospital is an important obstacle to widespread reperfusion therapy. To increase knowledge about stroke, and potentially decrease this delay, a 27-month national public information campaign was carried out in Sweden. AIMS: To assess the effects of a national stroke campaign in Sweden. METHODS: The variables used to measure campaign effects were knowledge of the AKUT test [a Swedish equivalent of the FAST (Face-Arm-Speech-Time)] test and intent to call 112 (emergency telephone number) ...
May 31, 2017: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554882/diagnosis-prevalence-awareness-treatment-prevention-and-control-of-hypertension-in-cameroon-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-clinic-based-and-community-based-studies
#19
Barthelemy Kuate Defo, Jean Claude Mbanya, Jean-Claude Tardif, Olugbemiga Ekundayo, Sylvie Perreault, Louise Potvin, Robert Cote, Andre Pascal Kengne, Simeon Pierre Choukem, Felix Assah, Samuel Kingue, Lucie Richard, Roland Pongou, Katherine Frohlich, Jude Saji, Pierre Fournier, Eugene Sobngwi, Valery Ridde, Marie-Pierre Dubé, Simon De Denus, Wilfred Mbacham, Jean-Philippe Lafrance, Dickson Shey Nsagha, Warner Mampuya, Anastase Dzudie, Lyne Cloutier, Christina Zarowsky, Agatha Tanya, Paul Ndom, Marie Hatem, Evelyne Rey, Louise Roy, Roxane Borgès Da Silva, Christian Dagenais, David Todem, Robert Weladji, Dora Mbanya, Elham Emami, Zakariaou Njoumemi, Laurence Monnais, Carl-Ardy Dubois
BACKGROUND: Hypertension holds a unique place in population health and health care because it is the leading cause of cardiovascular disease and the most common noncommunicable condition seen in primary care worldwide. Without effective prevention and control, raised blood pressure significantly increases the risk of stroke, myocardial infarction, chronic kidney disease, heart failure, dementia, renal failure, and blindness. There is an urgent need for stakeholders-including individuals and families-across the health system, researchers, and decision makers to work collaboratively for improving prevention, screening and detection, diagnosis and evaluation, awareness, treatment and medication adherence, management, and control for people with or at high risk for hypertension...
May 29, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536176/cost-of-alteplase-has-more-than-doubled-over-the-past-decade
#20
Dawn Kleindorfer, Joseph Broderick, Bart Demaerschalk, Jeffrey Saver
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Intravenous alteplase (tissue-type plasminogen activator) has been shown to be cost-effective because of savings in long-term disability. In October of 2005, an increased DRG payment to hospitals for alteplase-treated stroke patients was introduced. We sought to describe the trends in the cost of alteplase over time, in comparison to trends in hospital reimbursement in the United States. METHODS: Using publicly available information on the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) website (www...
July 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
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