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Public awareness stroke

András Folyovich, Dávid Biczó, Katalin Anna Béres-Molnár, Gergely Toldi
BACKGROUND: The critical period of stroke management lies between the disease onset and the time of the emergency call, relying on stroke-related knowledge of the population. Public campaigns play a role in spreading relevant health information. Due to the substantial expenses of these campaigns, the assessment of their efficiency is reasonable. METHODS: We assessed the number of thrombolytic treatments performed in Hungary, subjected to national media coverage and in particular in Budapest, being the location of the Stroke Day campaign, in the period between 2008 and 2015...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Jing Fang, Cathleen Gillespie, Carma Ayala, Fleetwood Loustalot
Hypertension, which affects nearly one third of adults in the United States, is a major risk factor for heart disease and stroke (1), and only approximately half of those with hypertension have their hypertension under control (2). The prevalence of hypertension is highest among non-Hispanic blacks, whereas the prevalence of antihypertensive medication use is lowest among Hispanics (1). Geographic variations have also been identified: a recent report indicated that the Southern region of the United States had the highest prevalence of hypertension as well as the highest prevalence of medication use (3)...
February 23, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Craig S Jabaley, James M Blum, Robert F Groff, Vikas N O'Reilly-Shah
BACKGROUND: Sepsis is an established global health priority with high mortality that can be curtailed through early recognition and intervention; as such, efforts to raise awareness are potentially impactful and increasingly common. We sought to characterize trends in the awareness of sepsis by examining temporal, geographic, and other changes in search engine utilization for sepsis information-seeking online. METHODS: Using time series analyses and mixed descriptive methods, we retrospectively analyzed publicly available global usage data reported by Google Trends (Google, Palo Alto, CA, USA) concerning web searches for the topic of sepsis between 24 June 2012 and 24 June 2017...
January 17, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Ana Beatriz Ayroza Galvão Ribeiro Gomes, Mauro Henrique, Vinicius Andreoli Schoeps, Mariana Monteiro Saldanha Altenfelder Santos, Ada Pellegrinelli, Bárbara Pessoa de Matos, Gabriel Taricani Kubota, Haniel Alves Araújo, Letícia Sant' Ana Cardoso da Silva, Fabrício de Paula Leite Battisti, Bruno Yukio Kubota, Areta Cavalcanti Ferreira, Mateus Paquesse Pellegrino, Renata de Andrade Prado, Ronaldo Abrahm, Vivian Dias Baptista Gagliardi, Marcel Simis, Rubens José Gagliardi
Context and objective: Cerebrovascular disease is one of the most important causes of death and disability worldwide. The patient's inability to identify the warning signs of stroke substantially delays the search for emergency services, which is related directly to a worse outcome. Thus, during the 2011 Stroke Campaign in Brazil, a survey was conducted to identify the lay population's knowledge with regard to the recognition, treatment, and prevention of stroke. Design and setting: This retrospective, cross-sectional, multicenter study was held in cities throughout southeastern Brazil...
March 2017: ENeurologicalSci
Mohammad A Farrag, Mohammed I Oraby, Azza A Ghali, Osama A Ragab, Ahmed Nasreldein, Ghaydaa A Shehata, Eman Elfar, Foad Abd-Allah
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Acute stroke treatment has significantly improved over the years in Egypt. However, there is often notable delay in pre-hospital and in-hospital management of acute stroke patients. The delay may be largely attributed to poor stroke knowledge and awareness of the general public and this study was aimed at the evaluation of the abovementioned factors. METHODS: Descriptive cross-sectional study involving 1154 participants from 4 governorates using a questionnaire in Arabic, collecting sociodemographic data, participants' risk factors, and knowledge and stroke awareness (risk factors, symptoms, prevention, treatment and prognosis, action in response to acute stroke)...
January 15, 2018: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Wasan Lafi Alanazi, Nagah Mohamed Abo El-Fetoh, Shahad Lafi Alanazi, Mohammed Abdullah Alkhidhr, Mohammed Abdullah Alanazi, Dounia Saleh Alonazi, Atheer Bader Alanzi, Reem Homoud Alshammari, Mashael Jaza Alshammari, Basmah Abdullah Alanazi, Samiyah Sarhan Alanazi
Background: The term facial palsy generally refers to weakness of the facial muscles, mainly resulting from temporary or permanent damage to the facial nerve. Common causes of facial paralysis include infection or inflammation of the facial nerve, head trauma, head or neck tumor, stroke. Objective: To outline the incidence of several etiologies and the profile of patients with peripheral facial paralysis attending the outpatient clinic of the neurology department in Hospitals of Arar City, Saudi Arabia...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
Joyce S Balami, Philip M White, Peter J McMeekin, Gary A Ford, Alastair M Buchan
Endovascular mechanical thrombectomy (MT) for the treatment of acute stroke due to large vessel occlusion has evolved significantly with the publication of multiple positive thrombectomy trials. MT is now a recommended treatment for acute ischemic stroke. Mechanical thrombectomy is associated with a number of intra-procedural or post-operative complications, which need to be minimized and effectively managed to maximize the benefits of thrombectomy. Procedural complications include: access-site problems (vessel/nerve injury, access-site hematoma and groin infection); device-related complications (vasospasm, arterial perforation and dissection, device detachment/misplacement); symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage; subarachnoid hemorrhage; embolization to new or target vessel territory...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
Tracey L O'Sullivan, Christine Fahim, Elizabeth Gagnon
OBJECTIVE: The World Stroke Organization "1 in 6" campaign aims to raise awareness that 1 in 6 persons will experience a stroke during their lifetime. With aging populations and improved survival rates, an increased number of survivors live with functional limitations and require supportive care. This has important implications for implementing an all-of-society approach to disaster risk reduction. In this study, we explore the assets that stroke survivors and caregivers consider useful in supporting their capacity to manage routine activities and independent living and to respond to a disaster...
October 17, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Shinya Tomari, Chiaki Yokota, Kunihiro Nishimura, Tenyu Hino, Satoshi Ohyama, Takuro Arimizu, Shinichi Wada, Hideyuki Ohnishi, Kazunori Toyoda, Kazuo Minematsu
OBJECTIVE: Stroke lessons for youth provided by emergency medical technicians (EMTs) may be an effective strategy to facilitate early intervention for patients with stroke. The aim of this study was to examine how effective EMT-led lessons on stroke awareness for schoolchildren were at disseminating stroke information. SETTING, PARTICIPANTS AND OUTCOME MEASURES: The study was performed in the city of Akashi, Hyogo, Japan (Akashi project). Children (aged 9-10 years old) at 11 public elementary schools and their parents were enrolled in this study...
October 15, 2017: BMJ Open
Rumana Huque, M Mostafa Zaman, Syed Mahfuzul Huq, Dhirendra N Sinha
Despite the high prevalence of smokeless tobacco (SLT) use among adults in Bangladesh, SLT was not included in the Tobacco Control Law till 2013. Information on SLT use among Bangladeshi people is inadequate for policymaking and implementing effective control measures. With the aim to identify the prevalence and trends of different SLT products, health and economic impacts, manufacture, and sale of and policies related to SLT in Bangladesh, we carried out a literature review, which involved literature search, data extraction, and synthesis...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
Marcel Ruzicka, Cedric Edwards, Brendan McCormick, Swapnil Hiremath
Intensive blood pressure lowering to systolic blood pressure thresholds of less than 120 mmHg is making a slow comeback with the publication of trials supporting its benefit, especially in lowering stroke and congestive heart failure. At the same time, there is an increasing awareness of the prevalence and risk of diastolic hypotension, especially at levels of less than 60 mmHg, with support for the existence of a J-curve coming from post hoc analyses of trials and epidemiological data from large cohort studies...
September 14, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
Deepa Burman
Sleep-related breathing disorders or sleep-disordered breathing are characterized by abnormal respiration during sleep. They are grouped into obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), central sleep apnea, sleep-related hypoventilation, and sleep-related hypoxemia disorder. OSA is a common disorder encountered in the family medicine setting that is increasingly being recognized because of the obesity epidemic and greater public and physician awareness. OSA is characterized by recurrent episodes of partial or complete closure of the upper airway resulting in disturbed breathing during sleep...
September 2017: FP Essentials
Hemant Goyal, Hamza H Awad, Jalal K Ghali
The growing popularity of medical and recreational consumption of cannabis, especially among the youth, raises immediate concerns regarding its safety and long-terms effects. The cardiovascular effects of cannabis are not well known. Cannabis consumption has been shown to cause arrhythmia including ventricular tachycardia, and potentially sudden death, and to increase the risk of myocardial infarction (MI). These effects appear to be compounded by cigarette smoking and precipitated by excessive physical activity, especially during the first few hours of consumption...
July 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Antigoni Fountouki, Dimitrios Theofanidis
Stroke remains a leading cause of mortality, as well as of subsequent serious long-term physical and mental morbidity. This places special demands for updated clinical excellence and optimum organization of stroke care services. Stroke units have been shown to improve patient outcomes. Thus, many western countries have developed and implemented sophisticated stroke facilities and corresponding public awareness strategies. These cannot be easily "translated" in Greece due to special features on the hospital administration system such as a unique rotation system for acute admissions and long-standing austerity...
September 2017: Journal of Vascular Nursing: Official Publication of the Society for Peripheral Vascular Nursing
Craig M Hales, Margaret D Carroll, Paul A Simon, Tony Kuo, Cynthia L Ogden
Hypertension is an important and common risk factor for heart disease and stroke, two of the leading causes of death in adults in the United States. Despite considerable improvement in increasing the awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension, undiagnosed and uncontrolled hypertension remain public health challenges (1). Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were used to estimate the prevalence of hypertension, as well as awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension among adults aged ≥18 years in Los Angeles County compared with adults aged ≥18 years in the United States during 1999-2006 and 2007-2014...
August 18, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Sophie Bauer, Mwanza Wa Mwanza, Roma Chilengi, Charles B Holmes, Zude Zyambo, Hansjakob Furrer, Matthias Egger, Gilles Wandeler, Michael J Vinikoor
The prevalence of high blood pressure (HBP) and hypertension (HTN), awareness of the diagnoses, and use of anti-hypertensive drugs were examined among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals on antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Zambia's capital Lusaka. Within a prospective cohort based at two public sector ART clinics, BP was measured at ART initiation and every 6 months thereafter as a routine clinic procedure. Predictors of HBP (systolic BP ≥140 mmHg or diastolic BP ≥90 mmHg) during one year on ART were analyzed using logistic regression, and the proportion with HTN (2+ episodes of HBP >3 months apart) described...
2017: Global Health Action
Christine Zelenak, Sara Radenovic, Lindy Musial-Bright, Elvis Tahirovic, Mesud Sacirovic, Chong-Bin Lee, Diana Jahandar-Lashki, Simone Inkrot, Tobias Daniel Trippel, Andreas Busjahn, Djawid Hashemi, Rolf Wachter, Sabine Pankuweit, Stefan Störk, Burkert Pieske, Frank Edelmann, Hans-Dirk Düngen
AIMS: Previous studies demonstrated poor public awareness of heart failure (HF) compared with myocardial infarction and stroke. With respect to several activities to improve HF awareness in recent years, we present data on the development of HF awareness and information sources in Germany over 8 years. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 2007, 2012, and 2015, respectively, 2531, 359, and 171 respondents answered questions about causes, presentation, prognosis, and treatment of HF from a survey developed by the German Competence Network HF...
August 2017: ESC Heart Failure
Shima Shahjouei, Reza Bavarsad-Shahripour, Farhad Assarzadegan, Reza Rikhtegar, Masoud Mehrpour, Babak Zamani, Georgios Tsivgoulis, Andrei Alexandrov, Anne Alexandrov, Ramin Zand
Background: Stroke is among the leading causes of mortality and permanent disability in the world. Iran is located in the stroke belt and has a high age-adjusted stroke incidence rate. In this multistep prospective qualitative study, we aimed at investigating the status and challenges of stroke management in Iran and explore possible solutions. Methods: In the first and second phase, we attempted to define the status of stroke management in Iran by searching the relevant literature and conducting semi-structured interviews with health-care providers in thirteen hospitals located in seven large cities in Iran...
April 4, 2017: Iranian Journal of Neurology
S Balsari, P Vemulapalli, M Gofine, K Oswal, R Merchant, S Saunik, G Greenough, T Khanna
Cardiovascular disease is the leading case of mortality from non-communicable diseases (NCD) in India. The government's National Programme for Prevention and Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Diseases and Stroke seeks to increase capacity building, screening, referral and management of NCDs across India, and includes community-based outreach and screening programmes. The government in India routinely provides basic care at religious mass gatherings. However, in 2015, at the Kumbh Mela in Nashik and Trimbakeshwar, the state government extended its services to include a hypertension screening programme...
November 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
Mozaffar Hosseininezhad, Hannan Ebrahimi, Seyed Mohammad Seyedsaadat, Babak Bakhshayesh, Motahareh Asadi, Amir Reza Ghayeghran
Background: Stroke is the leading cause of death and functional disability. While there have been major advances regarding the management of stroke, a significant proportion of people are still unaware of stroke-related symptoms and risk factors. This study was performed to assess the awareness of stroke's warning signs and risk factors among a sample of Iranian population. Methods: A total of 649 participants were randomly selected using systematic randomization from the list of telephone numbers obtained from the telephone directory...
January 5, 2017: Iranian Journal of Neurology
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