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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944245/the-socio-exposome-advancing-exposure-science-and-environmental-justice-in-a-post-genomic-era
#1
Laura Senier, Phil Brown, Sara Shostak, Bridget Hanna
We propose the socio-exposome as a conceptual framework for integrative environmental health research. Environmental scientists coined the term "exposome" with the goal of inventorying and quantifying environmental exposures as precisely as scientists measure genes and gene expression. To date, the exposome's proponents have not thoroughly engaged social scientific theoretical and methodological expertise, although the exclusion of sociological expertise risks molecularizing complex social phenomena and limiting the possibility of collective action to improve environmental conditions...
2017: Environmental sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944054/picturing-waters-a-review-of-photovoice-and-similar-participatory-visual-research-on-water-governance
#2
REVIEW
Emanuele Fantini
Seeing is one of the main sensory experiences for knowing water and for generating meanings of it. To acknowledge this, visual research methods are increasingly popular in social sciences. In this paper, research using Photovoice or similar participatory visual methods is reviewed in order to assess their potential contribution to the study of water governance. A total of 23 articles related to 20 projects on (1) water, health, and sanitation; (2) participation in water management; (3) landscapes and water spaces; and (4) domestic urban waters, were identified...
September 2017: WIREs. Water
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943998/draft-genome-sequence-of-dethiobacter-alkaliphilus-strain-aht1-t-a-gram-positive-sulfidogenic-polyextremophile
#3
Emily Denise Melton, Dimitry Y Sorokin, Lex Overmars, Alla L Lapidus, Manoj Pillay, Natalia Ivanova, Tijana Glavina Del Rio, Nikos C Kyrpides, Tanja Woyke, Gerard Muyzer
Dethiobacter alkaliphilus strain AHT1(T) is an anaerobic, sulfidogenic, moderately salt-tolerant alkaliphilic chemolithotroph isolated from hypersaline soda lake sediments in northeastern Mongolia. It is a Gram-positive bacterium with low GC content, within the phylum Firmicutes. Here we report its draft genome sequence, which consists of 34 contigs with a total sequence length of 3.12 Mbp. D. alkaliphilus strain AHT1(T) was sequenced by the Joint Genome Institute (JGI) as part of the Community Science Program due to its relevance to bioremediation and biotechnological applications...
2017: Standards in Genomic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943715/methods-for-eliciting-annotating-and-analyzing-databases-for-child-speech-development
#4
Mary E Beckman, Andrew R Plummer, Benjamin Munson, Patrick F Reidy
Methods from automatic speech recognition (ASR), such as segmentation and forced alignment, have facilitated the rapid annotation and analysis of very large adult speech databases and databases of caregiver-infant interaction, enabling advances in speech science that were unimaginable just a few decades ago. This paper centers on two main problems that must be addressed in order to have analogous resources for developing and exploiting databases of young children's speech. The first problem is to understand and appreciate the differences between adult and child speech that cause ASR models developed for adult speech to fail when applied to child speech...
September 2017: Computer Speech & Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942693/training-to-reduce-behavioral-health-disparities-how-do-we-optimally-prepare-family-medicine-residents-for-practice-in-rural-communities
#5
Jennifer S Robohm
Family physicians are a critical part of the healthcare system in rural areas, but little is known about the training they need to more effectively address behavioral health disparities. Practicing family physicians in Montana were surveyed about the behavioral health needs of their patients, the behavioral resources at their disposal, their prioritization of a number of behavioral skills and interventions in the training of family physicians, factors that limit their own use of behavioral skills, and the extent of their behavioral science training...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942376/a-psychosocial-approach-in-humanitarian-forensic-action-the-latin-american-perspective
#6
Ute Hofmeister, Susana Navarro
Forensic humanitarian action is aimed at alleviating suffering and maintaining human dignity, with the victims and their families at the core. International recommendations emphasize the importance of psychological support and psychosocial work as an integral part of forensic investigations into missing persons. Psychosocial action does not simply refer to emotional support but is based on the idea of the individual being the holder of rights, encouraging decision taking, affirming actions, and elaborating personal and collective histories...
September 1, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941650/the-lived-experience-of-registered-nurses-educated-in-accelerated-second-degree-bachelor-of-science-in-nursing-programs-a-hermeneutic-phenomenological-research-study
#7
Lisa Hennessy
Accelerated Second Degree Bachelor of Science in Nursing (ASDBSN) programs have proliferated in response to the ongoing and anticipated nursing shortages of the first decades of this century. While a number of studies have reported on the students enrolled in these programs, limited information exists regarding how nurses educated in these programs experience their nursing careers beyond the first two years of practice. This study was undertaken to explore the lived experience of registered nurses educated in an ASDBSN program...
September 18, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940674/the-built-environment-and-older-adults-a-literature-review-and-an-applied-approach-to-engaging-older-adults-in-built-environment-improvements-for-health
#8
Anthony G Tuckett, Ann W Banchoff, Sandra J Winter, Abby C King
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This paper presents a review of the literature about the built environment as it impacts the health of older people. It then introduces the gerontological nurse and researcher to the Our Voice framework for engaging older people as citizen scientists in order to empower them as agents of change in improving their local built environment and ultimately advancing community health. BACKGROUND: Community-level strategies to promote successful ageing in place are critical both to optimising health outcomes and containing healthcare costs...
September 21, 2017: International Journal of Older People Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937955/military-blast-injury-and-chronic-neurodegeneration-research-presentations-from-the-2015-international-state-of-the-science-meeting
#9
Denes Agoston, Peethambaran Arun, Patrick Bellgowan, Steven Broglio, Robert Cantu, David Cook, Uade Olaghere da Silva, Dara Dickstein, Gregory Elder, Elizabeth Fudge, Sam Gandy, Jessica Gill, John F Glenn, Raj K Gupta, Sidney Hinds, Stuart Hoffman, Theresa Lattimore, Alexander Lin, Kun Ping Lu, Joseph Maroon, David Okonkwo, Daniel Perl, Meghan Robinson, Charles Rosen, Douglas Smith
Blast-related traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a signature injury of recent military conflicts, leading to increased Department of Defense (DoD) interest in its potential long-term effects, such as chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). The DoD Blast Injury Research Program Coordinating Office convened the 2015 International State-of-the-Science Meeting to discuss the existing evidence regarding a causal relationship between TBI and CTE. Over the course of the meeting, experts across government, academia, and the sports community presented cutting edge research on the unique pathological characteristics of blast-related TBI, blast-related neurodegenerative mechanisms, risk factors for CTE, potential biomarkers for CTE, and treatment strategies for chronic neurodegeneration...
September 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937914/collective-psychological-ownership-and-intergroup-relations
#10
Maykel Verkuyten, Borja Martinovic
Whereas much social psychological research has studied the in-group and out-group implications of social categorization and collective identity ("we"), little research has examined the nature and relevance of collective psychological ownership ("ours") for intergroup relations. We make a case for considering collective psychological ownership as an important source of intergroup tensions. We do so by integrating theory and research from various social sciences, and we draw out implications for future social psychological research on intergroup relations...
September 1, 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936120/knowledge-beliefs-and-practices-regarding-osteoporosis-among-female-medical-school-entrants-in-pakistan
#11
Muhammad Bilal, Abdul Haseeb, Aleena Zehra Merchant, Abdur Rehman, Mohammad Hussham Arshad, Maarij Malik, Asad Hammad Ur Rehman, Pallavi Rani, Emaan Farhan, Taha S Rehman, Umer Sultan Shamsi, Sadia Aminah
BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis is a growing health problem around the world. The increasing incidence of osteoporotic fractures coupled with the lack of knowledge about the disease in the general community means that the disease is continuously increasing the burden on health sector and the general population. The purpose of the study is to assess knowledge, attitudes and practices about osteoporosis among female medical school entrants in Karachi. METHODS: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted amongst 400 female medical school entrants of DOW University of Health Sciences (DUHS) and Jinnah Sindh Medical University (JSMU)...
2017: Asia Pacific Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935999/integrating-a-biorepository-into-the-national-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-registry
#12
D Kevin Horton, Wendy Kaye, Laurie Wagner
As part of our continuing effort to highlight innovative approaches to improving the health and environment of communities, the Journal is pleased to publish a bimonthly column from the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). ATSDR is a federal public health agency of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and shares a common office of the Director with the National Center for Environmental Health (NCEH) at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). ATSDR serves the public by using the best science, taking responsive public health actions, and providing trusted health information to prevent harmful exposures and diseases related to toxic substances...
November 2016: Journal of Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934598/mixing-efficiency-in-the-ocean
#13
M C Gregg, E A D'Asaro, J J Riley, E Kunze
Mixing efficiency is the ratio of the net change in potential energy to the energy expended in producing the mixing. Parameterizations of efficiency and of related mixing coefficients are needed to estimate diapycnal diffusivity from measurements of the turbulent dissipation rate. Comparing diffusivities from microstructure profilingwith those inferred from the thickening rate of four simultaneous tracer releases has verified, within observational accuracy, 0.2 as the mixing coefficient over a 30-fold range of diapycnal diffusivities...
September 13, 2017: Annual Review of Marine Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933612/do-virtual-reality-games-improve-mobility-skills-and-balance-measurements-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Silvia Gr Neri, Jefferson R Cardoso, Lorena Cruz, Ricardo M Lima, Ricardo J de Oliveira, Maura D Iversen, Rodrigo L Carregaro
OBJECTIVE: To summarize evidence on the effectiveness of virtual reality games and conventional therapy or no-intervention for fall prevention in the elderly. DATA SOURCES: An electronic data search (last searched December 2016) was performed on 10 databases (Web of Science, EMBASE, PUBMED, CINAHL, LILACS, SPORTDiscus, Cochrane Library, Scopus, SciELO, PEDro) and retained only randomized controlled trials. REVIEW METHOD: Sample characteristics and intervention parameters were compared, focusing on clinical homogeneity of demographic characteristics, type/duration of interventions, outcomes (balance, reaction time, mobility, lower limb strength and fear of falling) and low risk of bias...
October 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933191/dementia-friendly-initiatives-a-state-of-the-science-review
#15
Catherine A Hebert, Kezia Scales
Background Dementia friendly initiatives share similarities with the age-friendly movement in a focus on active engagement and creating a good quality of life for older adults. Dementia friendly initiatives offer a welcoming optimistic narrative in dementia studies by embracing dignity, empowerment, and autonomy to enable well-being throughout the dementia trajectory. Purpose The purpose of this review is to explore the current science of dementia friendly initiatives, identify gaps, and inform future research...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931029/screening-of-a-long-term-sample-set-reveals-two-ranavirus-lineages-in-british-herpetofauna
#16
Stephen J Price, Alexandra Wadia, Owen N Wright, William T M Leung, Andrew A Cunningham, Becki Lawson
Reports of severe disease outbreaks in amphibian communities in mainland Europe due to strains of the common midwife toad virus (CMTV)-like clade of Ranavirus are increasing and have created concern due to their considerable population impacts. In Great Britain, viruses in another clade of Ranavirus-frog virus 3 (FV3)-like-have caused marked declines of common frog (Rana temporaria) populations following likely recent virus introductions. The British public has been reporting mortality incidents to a citizen science project since 1992, with carcasses submitted for post-mortem examination, resulting in a long-term tissue archive spanning 25 years...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930816/a-comparative-study-of-interprofessional-education-in-global-health-care-a-systematic-review
#17
Chulani Herath, Yangfeng Zhou, Yong Gan, Naomie Nakandawire, Yanghong Gong, Zuxun Lu
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) and its partners identify interprofessional (IP) collaboration in education and practice as an innovative strategy that plays an important role in mitigating the global health workforce crisis. Evidence on the practice of global health level in interprofessional education (IPE) is scarce and hampered due to the absence of aggregate information. Therefore, this systematic review was conducted to examine the incidences of IPE and summarize the main features about the IPE programs in undergraduate and postgraduate education in developed and developing countries...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929711/-statistics-at-the-time-of-the-crisis
#18
Andrea Saltelli, Philip B Stark
Science lies nowadays in the centre of several storms. The better known is the finding of non-reproducibility of many scientific results, which stretches from the medical field (clinic and pre-clinic tests) to study on behaviour (priming research). Although the bad use of statistics is reported to be a patent cause of the reproducibility crisis, its deep reasons are to be sought elsewhere; particularly, in the passage from a regimen of little science - regulated by small communities of researchers - to the current big science - identified by a hypertrophic production of millions of research papers and by the imperative "publish or perish", in a setting dominated by market...
May 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929322/the-importance-of-symbolic-and-engaged-participation-in-evidence-based-quality-improvement-in-a-complex-integrated-healthcare-system-response-to-the-science-of-stakeholder-engagement-in-research
#19
Alison B Hamilton, Elizabeth M Yano
In this commentary, we respond to the commentary provided by Goodman and Sanders Thompson regarding our paper on multilevel stakeholder engagement in a VA implementation trial of evidence-based quality improvement (EBQI) in women's health primary care. We clarify our overall approach to engagement (comprised of both symbolic and engaged participation, according to the authors' classification rubric), highlighting that symbolic participation is of more import and value than the authors suggest, especially in the context of a hierarchical healthcare system...
September 19, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928958/exploring-vietnamese-co-authorship-patterns-in-social-sciences-with-basic-network-measures-of-2008-2017-scopus-data
#20
Tung Manh Ho, Ha Viet Nguyen, Thu-Trang Vuong, Quang-Minh Dam, Hiep-Hung Pham, Quan-Hoang Vuong
Background: Collaboration is a common occurrence among Vietnamese scientists; however, insights into Vietnamese scientific collaborations have been scarce. On the other hand, the application of social network analysis in studying science collaboration has gained much attention all over the world. The technique could be employed to explore Vietnam's scientific community. Methods: This paper employs network theory to explore characteristics of a network of 412 Vietnamese social scientists whose papers can be found indexed in the Scopus database...
2017: F1000Research
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