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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156057/prgdb-3-0-a-comprehensive-platform-for-prediction-and-analysis-of-plant-disease-resistance-genes
#1
Cristina M O Cruz, Andreu Paytuvi-Gallart, Antimo Di Donato, Vicky Sundesha, Giuseppe Andolfo, Riccardo Aiese Cigliano, Walter Sanseverino, Maria R Ercolano
The Plant Resistance Genes database (PRGdb; http://prgdb.org) has been redesigned with a new user interface, new sections, new tools and new data for genetic improvement, allowing easy access not only to the plant science research community but also to breeders who want to improve plant disease resistance. The home page offers an overview of easy-to-read search boxes that streamline data queries and directly show plant species for which data from candidate or cloned genes have been collected. Bulk data files and curated resistance gene annotations are made available for each plant species hosted...
November 16, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154399/for-the-good-of-the-group-balancing-individual-and-collective-risks-and-benefits-in-community-psychology-research
#2
Emily R Dworkin, Nicole E Allen
Balancing risks and benefits is a necessary ethical task for social science researchers. Community psychologists must often consider risks and benefits not just for individual participants, but also for the group, system, or society that those individuals inhabit. Little ethical guidance currently exists for how to navigate this ethical challenge across these multiple levels. In this article, we use a case example of social network research incorporating multiple levels of analysis to identify common risks and benefits and understand their relationship to each other...
November 20, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154280/sisyphus-in-neverland
#3
Isidro Ferrer
The study of life and living organisms and the way in which these interact and organize to form social communities have been central to my career. I have been fascinated by biology, neurology, and neuropathology, but also by history, sociology, and art. Certain current historical, political, and social events, some occurring proximally but others affecting people in apparently distant places, have had an impact on me. Epicurus, Seneca, and Camus shared their philosophical positions which I learned from. Many scientists from various disciplines have been exciting sources of knowledge as well...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154184/perceptions-of-nursing-students-after-performing-an-individual-activity-designed-to-develop-their-critical-thinking-the-critical-card-tool
#4
Fernando Urcola-Pardo, Isabel Blázquez-Ornat, Ana Anguas-Gracia, Ángel Gasch-Gallen, Concepción Germán-Bes
Critical thinking in Health Sciences is among the transversal competences in the Nursing Degree. The critical card is a tool of individual learning, designed to develop critical thinking, and set in the process of environmental health learning. Every student must perform the activity to obtain the highest qualification in Community Health Nursing subject. The aim of this project was to evaluate this learning tool using the students' perceptions after its performance. The evaluation was based on the answers to a questionnaire obtained from the third course students of Nursing Degree at the University of Zaragoza...
November 10, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153315/what-are-the-keys-to-a-longer-happier-life-answers-from-five-decades-of-health-psychology-research
#5
Blair T Johnson, Rebecca L Acabchuk
RATIONALE: It has long been known that factors of the mind and of interpersonal relationships influence health, but it is only in the last 50 years that an independent scientific field of health psychology appeared, dedicated to understanding psychological and behavioral processes in health, illness, and healthcare. OBJECTIVE AND METHOD: This article (a) reviews important research that answers the question of how human beings can have longer, happier lives; and (b) highlights trends in health psychology featuring articles in Social Science & Medicine as well as other related literature...
November 4, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149266/association-between-prior-antibiotic-therapy-and-subsequent-risk-of-community-acquired-infections-a-systematic-review
#6
Umer Malik, David Armstrong, Mark Ashworth, Alex Dregan, Veline L'Esperance, Lucy McDonnell, Mariam Molokhia, Patrick White
Background: Antibiotic use can have negative unintended consequences including disruption of the human microbiota, which is thought to protect against pathogen overgrowth. We conducted a systematic review to assess whether there is an association between exposure to antibiotics and subsequent risk of community-acquired infections. Methods: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE and Web of Science for studies published before 30 June 2017, examining the association between antibiotic use and subsequent community-acquired infection...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146890/effectiveness-of-topical-green-tea-against-multidrug-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-in-cases-of-primary-pyoderma-an-open-controlled-trial
#7
Nagaraju Umashankar, Belliappa Pemmanda, P Gopkumar, A J Hemalatha, Priya K Sundar, H V Prashanth
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial activity of green tea against Staphylococcus aureus both in vitro and in vivo has been reported recently. Studies on clinical efficacy and safety of green tea as antibacterial agent against S. aureus in human cases are rare. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical effectiveness and safety of topical green tea on primary pyoderma caused by S. aureus. We also attempted to determine the minimum inhibitory concentration of green tea against S...
November 14, 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146658/views-of-commissioners-managers-and-healthcare-professionals-on-the-nhs-health-check-programme-a-systematic-review
#8
Katie Mills, Emma Harte, Adam Martin, Calum MacLure, Simon J Griffin, Jonathan Mant, Catherine Meads, Catherine L Saunders, Fiona M Walter, Juliet A Usher-Smith
OBJECTIVE: To synthesise data concerning the views of commissioners, managers and healthcare professionals towards the National Health Service (NHS) Health Check programme in general and the challenges faced when implementing it in practice. DESIGN: A systematic review of surveys and interview studies with a descriptive analysis of quantitative data and thematic synthesis of qualitative data. DATA SOURCES: An electronic literature search of MEDLINE, Embase, Health Management Information Consortium, Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Global Health, PsycInfo, Web of Science, OpenGrey, the Cochrane Library, NHS Evidence, Google Scholar, Google, ClinicalTrials...
November 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144972/building-bridges-through-science
#9
Thomas Lissek, Michelle Adams, John Adelman, Ehud Ahissar, Mohammed Akaaboune, Huda Akil, Mustafa al'Absi, Fazal Arain, Juan Carlos Arango-Lasprilla, Deniz Atasoy, Jesus Avila, Ashraf Badawi, Hilmar Bading, Abdul Mannan Baig, Jimena Baleriola, Carlos Belmonte, Ilaria Bertocchi, Heinrich Betz, Colin Blakemore, Olaf Blanke, Philipp Boehm-Sturm, Tobias Bonhoeffer, Paolo Bonifazi, Nils Brose, Patrizia Campolongo, Tansu Celikel, Cathy C Chang, Ta-Yuan Chang, Ami Citri, Hollis T Cline, Jesus M Cortes, Kathleen Cullen, Kellie Dean, José M Delgado-Garcia, Mathieu Desroches, John F Disterhoft, John E Dowling, Andreas Draguhn, Sherif F El-Khamisy, Abdeljabbar El Manira, S Ather Enam, Juan M Encinas, Asier Erramuzpe, José A Esteban, Isabel Fariñas, Edmond Fischer, Izumi Fukunaga, Iñigo Gabilondo, Detlev Ganten, Albert Gidon, Juan Carlos Gomez-Esteban, Paul Greengard, Valery Grinevich, Agnés Gruart, Roger Guillemin, Ahmad R Hariri, Bassem Hassan, Michael Häusser, Yasunori Hayashi, Natasha K Hussain, Adnan Abdul Jabbar, Mohamed Jaber, Reinhardt Jahn, Essam Mohammed Janahi, Mohamed Kabbaj, Helmut Kettenmann, Merel Kindt, Shira Knafo, Georg Köhr, Shoji Komai, Harm Krugers, Bernd Kuhn, Nouria Lakhdar Ghazal, Matthew E Larkum, Mickey London, Beat Lutz, Carlos Matute, Luis Martinez-Millan, Mouna Maroun, James McGaugh, Ahmed A Moustafa, Anwar Nasim, Klaus-Armin Nave, Erwin Neher, Karoly Nikolich, Tiago Outeiro, Lucy M Palmer, Olga Penagarikano, Isabel Perez-Otano, Donald W Pfaff, Bruno Poucet, Atta-Ur Rahman, Pedro Ramos-Cabrer, Ali Rashidy-Pour, Richard J Roberts, Serafim Rodrigues, Joshua R Sanes, Andreas T Schaefer, Menahem Segal, Idan Segev, Saad Shafqat, Nikhat Ahmed Siddiqui, Hermona Soreq, Eduardo Soriano-García, Rainer Spanagel, Rolf Sprengel, Greg Stuart, Thomas C Südhof, Jan Tønnesen, Mario Treviño, Basim M Uthman, J Craig Venter, Alexei Verkhratsky, Craig Weiss, Torsten N Wiesel, Emre Yaksi, Ofer Yizhar, Larry J Young, Paul Young, Nasser H Zawia, José L Zugaza, Mazahir T Hasan
Science is ideally suited to connect people from different cultures and thereby foster mutual understanding. To promote international life science collaboration, we have launched "The Science Bridge" initiative. Our current project focuses on partnership between Western and Middle Eastern neuroscience communities.
November 15, 2017: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143223/accelerating-and-strengthening-native-american-health-research-through-a-collaborative-nih-initiative
#10
Aria Davis Crump, Kathy Etz, Judith A Arroyo, Nanci Hemberger, Shobha Srinivasan
This paper is intended to provide an overview of the considerations that informed the development of a National Institutes of Health funding opportunity to promote health and prevent disease in Native Americans, including American Indian, Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian communities. NIH Institute staff thoughtfully considered epidemiologic research findings and feedback from constituents regarding the need for more published research overall and stronger prevention efforts to address persistent health concerns affecting many Native communities...
November 16, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141197/medical-abortion-reversal-science-and-politics-meet
#11
Khadijah Z Bhatti, Antoinette T Nguyen, Gretchen S Stuart
Medical abortion is a safe, effective, and acceptable option for patients seeking an early non-surgical abortion. In 2014, medical abortion accounted for nearly one-third (31%) of all abortions performed in the United States. State-level attempts to restrict reproductive and sexual health have recently included bills that require physicians to inform women that a medical abortion is reversible. In this commentary, we will review the history, current evidence-based regimen, and regulation of medical abortion...
November 12, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140497/integrating-complementary-and-traditional-practices-in-middle-eastern-supportive-cancer-care
#12
Eran Ben-Arye, Noah Samuels, Michel Daher, Ibrahim Turker, Omar Nimri, Maryam Rassouli, Michael Silbermann
The Middle East is a promising arena in which researchers can explore the interchange between cross-cultural traditional medicine and supportive cancer care, as provided within an integrative oncology setting. Integrative oncology research and clinical practice in this part of the world have been focusing, for the most part, on the use of herbal medicine and mind-body-spiritual modalities, both of which are deeply rooted in traditional medical care. A regional, multinational, and interdisciplinary collaboration is currently being undertaken as part of the academic activities of the Middle-East Research Group in Integrative Oncology (MERGIO)...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138564/zinc-oxide-nanoparticles-induce-toxic-responses-in-human-neuroblastoma-shsy5y-cells-in-a-size-dependent-manner
#13
Jia Liu, Yiyuan Kang, Suhan Yin, Bin Song, Limin Wei, Liangjiao Chen, Longquan Shao
Due to the widespread applications of zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs), the potential exposure of workers, consumers, and scientists to these particles has increased. This potential for exposure has attracted extensive attention in the science community. Many studies have examined the toxicological profile of ZnO NPs in the immune system, digestive system, however, information regarding the toxicity of ZnO NPs in the nervous system is scarce. In this study, we detected the cytotoxicity of two types of ZnO NPs of various sizes - ZnO(a) NPs and ZnO(b) NPs - and we characterized the shedding ability of zinc ions within culture medium and the cytoplasm...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137936/the-field-of-medical-anthropology-in-social-science-medicine
#14
Catherine Panter-Brick, Mark Eggerman
Conceptually and methodologically, medical anthropology is well-positioned to support a "big-tent" research agenda on health and society. It fosters approaches to social and structural models of health and wellbeing in ways that are critically reflective, cross-cultural, people-centered, and transdisciplinary. In this review article, we showcase these four main characteristics of the field, as featured in Social Science & Medicine over the last fifty years, highlighting their relevance for an international and interdisciplinary readership...
October 31, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137812/crowdsourcing-conservation-the-role-of-citizen-science-in-securing-a-future-for-seagrass
#15
Benjamin L Jones, Richard K F Unsworth, Len J McKenzie, Rudi L Yoshida, Leanne C Cullen-Unsworth
Seagrass meadows are complex social-ecological systems. Understanding seagrass meadows demands a fresh approach integrating "the human dimension". Citizen science is widely acknowledged for providing significant contributions to science, education, society and policy. Although the take up of citizen science in the marine environment has been slow, the need for such methods to fill vast information gaps is arguably great. Seagrass meadows are easy to access and provide an example of where citizen science is expanding...
November 11, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137666/utilization-of-the-behavior-change-wheel-framework-to-develop-a-model-to-improve-cardiometabolic-screening-for-people-with-severe-mental-illness
#16
Christina Mangurian, Grace C Niu, Dean Schillinger, John W Newcomer, James Dilley, Margaret A Handley
BACKGROUND: Individuals with severe mental illness (e.g., schizophrenia, bipolar disorder) die 10-25 years earlier than the general population, primarily from premature cardiovascular disease (CVD). Contributing factors are complex, but include systemic-related factors of poorly integrated primary care and mental health services. Although evidence-based models exist for integrating mental health care into primary care settings, the evidence base for integrating medical care into specialty mental health settings is limited...
November 14, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137460/feeling-rejected-acs-chemical-neuroscience-can-help-get-your-science-to-the-neuroscience-community-as-quickly-as-possible
#17
Craig W Lindsley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2017: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135674/the-pursuit-of-scholarship-why-we-should-care-about-resident-research
#18
Joan E Bechtold, Benjamin R Williams, Stuart L Weinstein, David W Polly, Andrew J Pugely, Joseph A Buckwalter, Stephen A Albanese, Kevin J Bozic, Brian D Snyder
Research is a foundational component of an orthopaedic residency. It fosters intellectual curiosity and pursuit of excellence, while teaching discipline and the scientific method. These are the key principles for careers in both community-based practice and academia. Currently, no consensus exists on how to best engage residents and support their research endeavors. In 2014, the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Board of Specialty Societies Research and Quality Committee convened a Clinician-Scientist Collaboration Workgroup...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134093/bringing-ecology-blogging-into-the-scientific-fold-measuring-reach-and-impact-of-science-community-blogs
#19
REVIEW
Manu E Saunders, Meghan A Duffy, Stephen B Heard, Margaret Kosmala, Simon R Leather, Terrence P McGlynn, Jeff Ollerton, Amy L Parachnowitsch
The popularity of science blogging has increased in recent years, but the number of academic scientists who maintain regular blogs is limited. The role and impact of science communication blogs aimed at general audiences is often discussed, but the value of science community blogs aimed at the academic community has largely been overlooked. Here, we focus on our own experiences as bloggers to argue that science community blogs are valuable to the academic community. We use data from our own blogs (n = 7) to illustrate some of the factors influencing reach and impact of science community blogs...
October 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134069/engaging-rural-australian-communities-in-national-science-week-helps-increase-visibility-for-women-researchers
#20
Margaret C Hardy, Mathilde R Desselle
During a week-long celebration of science, run under the federally supported National Science Week umbrella, the Catch a Rising Star: women in Queensland research (CaRS) programme flew scientists who identify as women to nine regional and remote communities in the Australian State of Queensland. The aim of the project was twofold: first, to bring science to remote and regional communities in a large, economically diverse state; and second, to determine whether media and public engagement provides career advancement opportunities for women scientists...
October 2017: Royal Society Open Science
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