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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141765/bionomics-and-spatial-distribution-of-triatomine-vectors-of-trypanosoma-cruzi-in-texas-and-other-southern-states-usa
#1
Rachel Curtis-Robles, Sarah A Hamer, Sage Lane, Michael Z Levy, Gabriel L Hamer
Defining spatial and temporal occurrences of triatomine vectors of Trypanosoma cruzi, the agent of Chagas disease, in the US is critical for public health protection. Through a citizen science program and field collections from 2012 to 2016, we collected 3,215 triatomines, mainly from Texas. Using morphological and molecular approaches, we identified seven Triatoma species and report sex, length, and blood engorgement status. Many citizen-collected triatomines (92.9%) were encountered indoors, in peridomestic settings, or in dog kennels and represent spillover transmission risk of T...
November 6, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137812/crowdsourcing-conservation-the-role-of-citizen-science-in-securing-a-future-for-seagrass
#2
Benjamin L Jones, Richard K F Unsworth, Len J McKenzie, Rudi L Yoshida, Leanne C Cullen-Unsworth
Seagrass meadows are complex social-ecological systems. Understanding seagrass meadows demands a fresh approach integrating "the human dimension". Citizen science is widely acknowledged for providing significant contributions to science, education, society and policy. Although the take up of citizen science in the marine environment has been slow, the need for such methods to fill vast information gaps is arguably great. Seagrass meadows are easy to access and provide an example of where citizen science is expanding...
November 11, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137670/modelling-and-mapping-tick-dynamics-using-volunteered-observations
#3
Irene Garcia-Martí, Raúl Zurita-Milla, Arnold J H van Vliet, Willem Takken
BACKGROUND: Tick populations and tick-borne infections have steadily increased since the mid-1990s posing an ever-increasing risk to public health. Yet, modelling tick dynamics remains challenging because of the lack of data and knowledge on this complex phenomenon. Here we present an approach to model and map tick dynamics using volunteered data. This approach is illustrated with 9 years of data collected by a group of trained volunteers who sampled active questing ticks (AQT) on a monthly basis and for 15 locations in the Netherlands...
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137146/the-dynamics-of-arrivals-of-maine-migratory-breeding-birds-results-from-a-24-year-study
#4
W Herbert Wilson
This citizen-science project is the first systematic study of patterns of spring migration of Maine migratory birds. A comparison of arrival data from the Maine Ornithological Society from 1899-1911 with the modern data (1994-2017) collected for this study indicated that most species are now not arriving earlier, contrary to the predictions of earlier arrivals in the face of global warming. Arrival was synchronous across the lower two-thirds of the state for most species, although some species showed delayed arrivals along the northeastern coast compared to southern coastal areas...
November 12, 2017: Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123645/beerdecoded-the-open-beer-metagenome-project
#5
Jonathan Sobel, Luc Henry, Nicolas Rotman, Gianpaolo Rando
Next generation sequencing has radically changed research in the life sciences, in both academic and corporate laboratories. The potential impact is tremendous, yet a majority of citizens have little or no understanding of the technological and ethical aspects of this widespread adoption. We designed BeerDeCoded as a pretext to discuss the societal issues related to genomic and metagenomic data with fellow citizens, while advancing scientific knowledge of the most popular beverage of all. In the spirit of citizen science, sample collection and DNA extraction were carried out with the participation of non-scientists in the community laboratory of Hackuarium, a not-for-profit organisation that supports unconventional research and promotes the public understanding of science...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120436/public-participation-%C3%A2-time-for-a-definition-of-citizen-science
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 9, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118898/power-to-the-people-data-citizens-in-the-age-of-precision-medicine
#7
Barbara J Evans
Twentieth-century bioethics celebrated individual autonomy but framed autonomy largely in terms of an individual's power to make decisions and act alone. The most pressing challenges of big data science in the twenty-first century can only be resolved through collective action and common purpose. This Article surveys some of these challenges and asks how common purpose can ever emerge on the present bioethical and regulatory landscape. The solution may lie in embracing a broader concept of autonomy that empowers individuals to protect their interests by exercising meaningful rights of data citizenship...
2017: Vanderbilt J Entertain Technol Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116929/new-blood-the-promise-of-environmental-health-citizen-science-projects
#8
Nancy Averett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110728/how-a-diverse-research-ecosystem-has-generated-new-rehabilitation-technologies-review-of-nidilrr-s-rehabilitation-engineering-research-centers
#9
REVIEW
David J Reinkensmeyer, Sarah Blackstone, Cathy Bodine, John Brabyn, David Brienza, Kevin Caves, Frank DeRuyter, Edmund Durfee, Stefania Fatone, Geoff Fernie, Steven Gard, Patricia Karg, Todd A Kuiken, Gerald F Harris, Mike Jones, Yue Li, Jordana Maisel, Michael McCue, Michelle A Meade, Helena Mitchell, Tracy L Mitzner, James L Patton, Philip S Requejo, James H Rimmer, Wendy A Rogers, W Zev Rymer, Jon A Sanford, Lawrence Schneider, Levin Sliker, Stephen Sprigle, Aaron Steinfeld, Edward Steinfeld, Gregg Vanderheiden, Carolee Winstein, Li-Qun Zhang, Thomas Corfman
Over 50 million United States citizens (1 in 6 people in the US) have a developmental, acquired, or degenerative disability. The average US citizen can expect to live 20% of his or her life with a disability. Rehabilitation technologies play a major role in improving the quality of life for people with a disability, yet widespread and highly challenging needs remain. Within the US, a major effort aimed at the creation and evaluation of rehabilitation technology has been the Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers (RERCs) sponsored by the National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110677/using-meta-quality-to-assess-the-utility-of-volunteered-geographic-information-for-science
#10
Shaun A Langley, Joseph P Messina, Nathan Moore
BACKGROUND: Volunteered geographic information (VGI) has strong potential to be increasingly valuable to scientists in collaboration with non-scientists. The abundance of mobile phones and other wireless forms of communication open up significant opportunities for the public to get involved in scientific research. As these devices and activities become more abundant, questions of uncertainty and error in volunteer data are emerging as critical components for using volunteer-sourced spatial data...
November 6, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109468/a-statistical-estimator-for-determining-the-limits-of-contemporary-and-historic-phenology
#11
William D Pearse, Charles C Davis, David W Inouye, Richard B Primack, T Jonathan Davies
Climate change affects not just where species are found, but also when species' key life-history events occur-their phenology. Measuring such changes in timing is often hampered by a reliance on biased survey data: surveys identify that an event has taken place (for example, the flower is in bloom), but not when that event happened (for example, the flower bloomed yesterday). Here, we show that this problem can be circumvented using statistical estimators, which can provide accurate and unbiased estimates from sparsely sampled observations...
November 6, 2017: Nature ecology & evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105697/-health-education-what-is-the-role-for-pharmacist-results-from-a-cross-sectional-study-in-umbria-italy
#12
Vincenza Gianfredi, Silvano Monarca, Massimo Moretti, Milena Villarini
INTRODUCTION: Nowadays, the community pharmacist's role is undergoing profound transformations. As a healthcare provider of the National Health Service, pharmacists are expanding their expertise in Public Health through disease prevention and health promotion programme. In relation to health education and health promotion interventions, this research was aimed to evaluate the knowledge, attitudes and behaviours of a selected sample of private and public pharmacists, working in the Province of Perugia and Terni, Umbria region...
October 2017: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104438/-my-naturesound-nature-observations-with-sound-recordings
#13
Veljo Runnel, Marko Peterson, Allan Zirk
Background: Online systems for observation reporting by citizen scientists have been operating for many years. iNaturalist (California Academy of Sciences 2016), eBird (Cornell Lab of Ornithology 2016) and Observado (Observation International 2016) are well-known international systems, Artportalen (Swedish Species Information Centre 2016) and Artsobservasjoner (Norwegian Biodiversity Information Centre 2016) are Scandinavian. In addition, databases and online solutions exist that are more directly research-oriented but still offer participation by citizen scientists, such as the PlutoF (University of Tartu Natural History Museum 2016) platform...
2017: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101418/-the-big-data-game-on-the-ludic-constitution-of-the-collaborative-production-of-knowledge-in-high-energy-physics-at-cern
#14
Anne Dippel
This article looks at how games and play contribute to the big data-driven production of knowledge in High-Energy Physics, with a particular focus on the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), where the author has been conducting anthropological fieldwork since 2014. The ludic (playful) aspect of knowledge production is analyzed here in three different dimensions: the Symbolic, the Ontological, and the Epistemic. The first one points towards CERN as place where a cosmological game of probability is played with the help of Monte-Carlo simulations...
December 2017: NTM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091933/benefits-and-challenges-of-incorporating-citizen-science-into-university-education
#15
Nicola Mitchell, Maggie Triska, Andrea Liberatore, Linden Ashcroft, Richard Weatherill, Nancy Longnecker
A common feature of many citizen science projects is the collection of data by unpaid contributors with the expectation that the data will be used in research. Here we report a teaching strategy that combined citizen science with inquiry-based learning to offer first year university students an authentic research experience. A six-year partnership with the Australian phenology citizen science program ClimateWatch has enabled biology students from the University of Western Australia to contribute phenological data on plants and animals, and to conduct the first research on unvalidated species datasets contributed by public and university participants...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083982/stop-the-spam-conference-ethics-and-decoding-the-subtext-in-post-truth-science-what-would-denis-diderot-say
#16
Vural Özdemir, Collet Dandara, Nezih Hekim, Kean Birch, Simon Springer, Tanja Kunej, Laszlo Endrenyi
Science and its practice always had a subtext, subject to influence by scientists', funders', and other innovation actors' values and assumptions. The recent emergence of post-truth, authoritarian and populist penchants, in both developed and developing countries, has further blurred the already fluid boundaries between material scientific facts and their social construction/shaping by scientific subtext, human values, powers, and hegemony. While there are certain checks, balances, and oversight mechanisms for publication ethics, other pillars of science communication, most notably, scientific conferences and their governance, are ill prepared for post-truth science...
November 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076765/destroying-iphones-feral-science-and-the-antithetical-citizen
#17
Mike Michael
This exploratory article considers the implications of a particular genre - YouTube videos of iPhone destruction - for the Citizen Science and Public Understanding of Science/Public Engagement with Science and Technology. Situating this genre within a broader TV tradition of 'destructive testing' programmes, there is a description of the forms of destruction visited upon the iPhone, and an analysis of the features shared by the videos (e.g. mode of address, enactments of the experiment). Drawing on the notion of the 'idiotic', there is a discussion of the genre that aims to treat its evident lack of scientific and citizenly 'seriousness' productively...
October 1, 2017: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070818/direct-evidence-of-adult-aedes-albopictus-dispersal-by-car
#18
Roger Eritja, John R B Palmer, David Roiz, Isis Sanpera-Calbet, Frederic Bartumeus
Whereas the Asian tiger mosquito (Aedes albopictus) has low active dispersal capabilities, its worldwide colonization has been rapid. Indirect evidence and informal reports have long implicated passive transportation in cars, but this has not previously been studied systematically given the difficulties of real-time roadside surveys. Here we report the first sampling study confirming that adult tiger mosquitoes travel with humans in cars and enabling us to estimate the frequency of these events. We combine the results with citizen science data to model the car-facilitated dispersal of Aedes albopictus at a nationwide level...
October 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069087/values-in-environmental-research-citizens-views-of-scientists-who-acknowledge-values
#19
Kevin C Elliott, Aaron M McCright, Summer Allen, Thomas Dietz
Scientists who perform environmental research on policy-relevant topics face challenges when communicating about how values may have influenced their research. This study examines how citizens view scientists who publicly acknowledge values. Specifically, we investigate whether it matters: if citizens share or oppose a scientist's values, if a scientist's conclusions seem contrary to or consistent with the scientist's values, and if a scientist is assessing the state of the science or making a policy recommendation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066710/citizen-science-provides-a-reliable-and-scalable-tool-to-track-disease-carrying-mosquitoes
#20
John R B Palmer, Aitana Oltra, Francisco Collantes, Juan Antonio Delgado, Javier Lucientes, Sarah Delacour, Mikel Bengoa, Roger Eritja, Frederic Bartumeus
Recent outbreaks of Zika, chikungunya and dengue highlight the importance of better understanding the spread of disease-carrying mosquitoes across multiple spatio-temporal scales. Traditional surveillance tools are limited by jurisdictional boundaries and cost constraints. Here we show how a scalable citizen science system can solve this problem by combining citizen scientists' observations with expert validation and correcting for sampling effort. Our system provides accurate early warning information about the Asian tiger mosquito (Aedes albopictus) invasion in Spain, well beyond that available from traditional methods, and vital for public health services...
October 24, 2017: Nature Communications
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