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Submandibular sialadenitis

Jing Zhou, Toshihisa Kawai, Qing Yu
Patients with Sjögren's syndrome (SS), an autoimmune disease primarily affecting exocrine glands, exhibit enhanced TNF-α expression in the saliva and salivary glands. However, the precise in vivo role of TNF-α during the initiation and development of SS is not clearly defined. The present study is undertaken to determine the function of endogenously produced TNF-α in the pathogenesis of SS in non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice, a model of this human disease. Administration of a neutralizing anti-TNF-α antibody to female NOD mice during the stage prior to disease onset significantly improved salivary secretion, indicating a remission of clinical symptoms of SS...
January 9, 2017: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
Nobuo Kashiwagi, Eisuke Enoki, Chisa Hosokawa, Kenta Sakaguchi, Takamichi Murakami
Chronic sclerosing sialadenitis is a benign inflammatory condition that most commonly affects the submandibular gland in elderly individuals. It is currently known to belong to the spectrum of IgG4-related systemic diseases, which is reflected by systemic involvement on F-FDG PET/CT images. We presented a case of a 73-year-old man with histologically proven IgG4-related chronic sclerosing sialadenitis, unilateral localized form, on whole-body F-FDG PET/CT images that mimicked submandibular carcinoma with lymph node metastasis...
February 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
Ahmed Abdel Khalek Abdel Razek, Suresh Mukherji
Sialadenitis is an inflammation or infection of the salivary glands that may affect the parotid, submandibular and small salivary glands. Imaging findings vary among unilateral or bilateral salivary gland enlargement, atrophy, abscess, ductal dilation, cysts, stones and calcification. Imaging can detect abscess in acute bacterial suppurative sialadenitis, ductal changes with cysts in chronic adult and juvenile recurrent parotitis. Imaging is sensitive for detection of salivary stones and stricture in obstructive sialadenitis...
January 1, 2017: Neuroradiology Journal
Oğuz Güçlü, Asli Muratli, Deniz Arik, Kazım Tekin, Halil Erdogan, Fevzi Sefa Dereköy
Oxytetracycline has been suggested as an alternate therapy for chronic recurrent sialadenitis and sialorrhea. We conducted an experimental study to investigate the sclerotic effect of this drug on the submandibular gland by histopathologic methods. Our subjects were 20 New Zealand white rabbits, which were divided into two groups of 10. The right submandibular gland of the rabbits in the active-treatment group was injected with 0.3 ml of oxytetracycline (100 mg/ml), and that of the controls was injected with saline...
December 2016: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
X Hong, W Li, X-Y Xie, Z-Y Zhang, Y Chen, Y Gao, X Peng, J-Z Su, Y-Y Zhang, Z Wang, Z-G Cai, L Zhang, Y-Y Liu, J He, L-M Ren, Z-G Li, G-Y Yu
Our aim was to differentiate IgG4-related sialadenitis, primary Sjögren syndrome, and chronic obstructive submandibular sialadenitis by analysing clinical, radiographic, and pathological features. Fifty-five patients, 50, and 50 were enrolled, respectively and their baseline characteristics and serological, sialographic, and pathological findings compared. The male:female ratio for IgG4-related sialadenitis was 1:1.2 for primary Sjögren syndrome 1:15.7, and for chronic obstructive submandibular sialadenitis1:0...
February 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
Guilherme T C Terra, Jefferson X D Oliveira, Adalsa Hernandez, Silvia V Lourenço, Emiko S Arita, Arthur R G Cortes
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values from diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI) among normal salivary glands, cases with sialadenitis and cases with pleomorphic adenoma of major salivary glands. METHODS: 22 patients (totalling 44 major salivary glands) diagnosed with either unilateral sialadenitis (on either parotid or submandibular gland) or parotid gland pleomorphic adenoma were selected. Contralateral non-affected glands (normal) were also analyzed...
January 2017: Dento Maxillo Facial Radiology
Bin Xiang, Lichi Han, Xinyue Wang, Ling Tang, Kailiang Li, Xiuxiu Li, Xibo Zhao, Miaomiao Xia, Xixi Zhou, Fuyin Zhang, Ke Jian Liu
PURPOSE: Radiation therapy for head and neck cancer commonly leads to radiation sialadenitis. Emerging evidence has indicated that phenylephrine pretreatment reduces radiosensitivity in the salivary gland; however, the underlying cytoprotective mechanism remains unclear. Nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT) is not only a key enzyme for the nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide salvage pathway, but also a cytokine participating in cell survival, metabolism, and longevity, with a broad effect on cellular functions in physiology and pathology...
November 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Juan Putra, Deborah L Ornstein
Küttner tumor/chronic sclerosing sialadenitis is a fibroinflammatory process that characteristically involves the submandibular gland of patients with IgG4-related disease. Histologic examination is often important to make the diagnosis because of its nonspecific clinical and radiologic findings. Microscopically, Küttner tumor should be distinguished from other entities such as extranodal marginal zone lymphoma, Sjögren's syndrome, and lymphoepithelial sialadenitis. The lesion is histologically well-demarcated with lobular architecture, extensive fibrosis, marked lymphoplasmacytic inflammation, formation of lymphoid follicles, acinar atrophy, and obliterative phlebitis, without the presence of lymphoepithelial lesions...
December 2016: Head and Neck Pathology
Fatemeh Musavi Mahdiabadi, Naemeh Nikvarz
Sialadenitis is a rare adverse effect of captopril. We report a case of captopril-induced sialadenitis in a patient with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). A 20-year-old man with ESRD encountered parotid and submandibular swelling after receiving two doses of captopril, administered sublingually. Despite of prescribing dexamethasone, resuming hemodialysis, and discontinuing other drugs that also can cause parotitis, he improved later than what was reported in patients with normal renal function. In conclusion recovery from captopril-induced sialadenitis in patients with ESRD may be more prolonged than that of patients with normal renal function; moreover, early hemodialysis which helps in drug removal may be the most effective treatment...
April 2016: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
Annick Aubin-Pouliot, Elise A Delagnes, Jolie L Chang, William R Ryan
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To prospectively assess symptoms of obstructive sialadenitis before and after sialendoscopy-assisted salivary duct surgery (SASDS) using the chronic obstructive sialadenitis symptoms (COSS) questionnaire to determine and predict impact of interventions. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: Adult patients with chronic obstructive sialadenitis who underwent SASDS were asked to complete the COSS questionnaire and the Short-Form-8 (SF-8) quality-of-life (QOL) survey prior to surgery and 3 months postoperatively...
June 2016: Laryngoscope
Roya Azadarmaki, Matthew T Then, Rohit Walia, Miriam N Lango
Cavernous hemangiomas of the submandibular gland are rare. Signs and symptoms typically resemble those of sialolithiasis and chronic sialadenitis. If a lesion extends into the parapharyngeal space, otalgia and sore throat can result. Spontaneous regression is not a characteristic of cavernous hemangiomas. Surgical excision is a management option. We report the case of an adult with a submandibular gland cavernous hemangioma with parapharyngeal extension.
February 2016: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
Xiaoxia Ying, Jianan Kang, Fuyin Zhang, Hui Dong
Sialolithiasis is a common disease that is characterized by the obstruction of the salivary gland. Sialolithiasis mainly affects the submandibular glands and the Wharton's duct. However, bilateral sialolithiasis is a rare condition. In addition, recurrence of sialoliths subsequent to surgical excision of the submandibular gland for the treatment of sialolithiasis has been rarely reported. The present study reported a case presenting with recurrent sialoliths with sialadenitis in the residual Wharton's duct following the excision of bilateral submandibular glands...
January 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Satomi Omotehara, Mutsumi Nishida, Megumi Satoh, Mamiko Inoue, Yusuke Kudoh, Tatsunori Horie, Akihiro Homma, Yuji Nakamaru, Kanako C Hatanaka, Chikara Shimizu
PURPOSE: We evaluated the sonographic findings of immunoglobulin G4-related sclerosing sialadenitis (IgG4-SS). METHODS: Nineteen patients with IgG4-SS and 12 healthy volunteers (controls) were enrolled. The following sonographic features were evaluated: (1) enlargement of the submandibular gland by measurement of the longitudinal diameter and thickness; (2) the contour texture of the submandibular gland (smooth or rough); (3) the internal echo texture, categorized into three sonographic patterns (homogeneous, multiple hypoechoic nodule, and diffuse hypoechoic); and (4) quantitative color Doppler signaling...
April 2016: Journal of Medical Ultrasonics
Pablo L Parente Arias, Mario M Fernández Fernández, Patricia Varela Vázquez, Beatriz de Diego Muñoz
BACKGROUND: Submandibular gland excision is traditionally performed using a transcervical approach. However, innovative surgical trials have recently been conducted to investigate techniques that can prevent or reduce visible scarring and nerve injury. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the feasibility of a new approach to submandibular gland excision that is based on the use of a minimally invasive video-assisted technique and an ultrasound scalpel in an endoscopic neck surgery program with a low annual flow of procedures...
August 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
Robert Cordesmeyer, Jan Winterhoff, Philipp Kauffmann, Rainer Laskawi
OBJECTIVES: The diagnosis and therapy of obstructive inflammatory disorders of the salivary glands have changed in the past decades following the introduction of sialoendoscopy. The aims of the present study were to analyze the relevance of sialoendoscopy using our own data and to compare the results to those of other studies. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 70 patients was performed, who were treated for obstructive disorders of the parotid and/or submandibular gland in whom sialoendoscopy was indicated...
June 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
Tzu-Wei Wei, Ching-Feng Lien, Tun-Yen Hsu, Hong-Lin He
Chronic sclerosing sialadenitis typically involves the submandibular gland. It usually occurs in the middle-aged and elderly adults with a slight male predominance. Recent evidences have suggested that it is an entity of IgG4-related sclerosing disease and has distinct histopathological features, such as a dense lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate, sclerosis and obliterative phlebitis. It is important to discriminate this entity from other diseases, trying to give effective treatment to the patients. In this report, we described a patient having chronic sclerosing sialadenitis in the submandibular gland...
2015: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology
Ru-Ying Fan, Jian-Qiu Sheng
Immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4)-related disease is a rare systemic diseases. A 67-year-old male presented at our institution with mild upper abdominal pain and jaundice for 20 d. Laboratory results revealed high levels of IgG4 (15.4 g/L, range: 0.08-1.4 g/L). Computed tomography (CT) showed significant enlargement of the entire pancreas and a capsule-like low-density rim surrounding the whole pancreas. Positron emission tomography/CT revealed increased uneven metabolism of the entire pancreas. Both magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography showed stenosis of the distal common bile duct and proximal main pancreatic duct, and dilation of the proximal common bile duct and extra- and intra-hepatic bile ducts...
August 21, 2015: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Mayumi Shimizu, Kazutoshi Okamura, Yoshitaka Kise, Yohei Takeshita, Hiroko Furuhashi, Warangkana Weerawanich, Masafumi Moriyama, Yukiko Ohyama, Sachiko Furukawa, Seiji Nakamura, Kazunori Yoshiura
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to clarify the effectiveness of various imaging modalities and characteristic imaging features in the screening of IgG4-related dacryoadenitis and sialadenitis (IgG4-DS), and to show the differences in the imaging features between IgG4-DS and Sjögren's syndrome (SS). METHODS: Thirty-nine patients with IgG4-DS, 51 with SS and 36 with normal salivary glands were enrolled. Images of the parotid and submandibular glands obtained using sonography, 2-[(18)F]-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT), computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were retrospectively analyzed...
2015: Arthritis Research & Therapy
Roberto De Luca, Michele Trodella, Antonio Vicidomini, Giuseppe Colella, Gianpaolo Tartaro
PURPOSE: To evaluate, on the basis of our clinical experience, the reliability of an endoscopic approach to the management of obstructive salivary diseases related to Sjögren's syndrome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective review of all patients affected by Sjögren's syndrome who were followed up at the Maxillo-Facial Unit of the Second University of Naples Hospital and referred from the Reumatology Unit of the same hospital from September 2007 to July 2012 for chronic obstructive sialadenitis unresponsive to medical therapy...
October 2015: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Annick Aubin-Pouliot, Elise A Delagnes, David W Eisele, Jolie L Chang, William R Ryan
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Introduce the Chronic Obstructive Sialadenitis Symptoms (COSS) questionnaire to quantify chronic sialadenitis symptoms and assess the impact of sialendoscopic-assisted salivary duct surgery (SASDS). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective outcome symptoms questionnaire study. METHODS: The COSS questionnaire assesses the severity of sialadenitis symptoms from 0 to 100. Patients who underwent SASDS from April 2006 to December 2013 completed the COSS questionnaire and the ShortForm8 Health Survey (SF-8) based on current symptoms, and reported whether they had complete, partial, or no symptomatic response to SASDS...
January 2016: Laryngoscope
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