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electroconvulsive therapy and prevalence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117910/increased-resting-state-global-functional-connectivity-density-of-default-mode-network-in-schizophrenia-subjects-treated-with-electroconvulsive-therapy
#1
Huan Huang, Yuchao Jiang, Mengqing Xia, Yingying Tang, Tianhong Zhang, Huiru Cui, Junjie Wang, Yu Li, Lihua Xu, Adrian Curtin, Jianhua Sheng, Yuping Jia, Dezhong Yao, Chunbo Li, Cheng Luo, Jijun Wang
Modified electroconvulsive therapy (MECT) has been widely applied to help treat schizophrenia patients who are treatment-resistant to pharmaceutical therapy. Although the technique is increasingly prevalent, the underlying neural mechanisms have not been well clarified. We conducted a longitudinal study to investigate the alteration of global functional connectivity density (gFCD) in schizophrenia patients undergoing MECT using resting state fMRI (functional magnetic resonance imaging). Two groups of schizophrenia inpatients were recruited...
November 6, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111078/electroconvulsive-therapy-depression-the-immune-system-and-inflammation-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Antoine Yrondi, Marie Sporer, Patrice Péran, Laurent Schmitt, Christophe Arbus, Anne Sauvaget
BACKGROUND: The management and treatment of major depressive disorder are major public health challenges, the lifetime prevalence of this illness being 4.4%-20% in the general population. Major depressive disorder and treatment resistant depression appear to be, in part, related to a dysfunction of the immune response. Among the treatments for depression ECT occupies an important place. The underlying cerebral mechanisms of ECT remain unclear. OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this review is to survey the potential actions of ECT on the immuno-inflammatory cascade activated during depression...
October 19, 2017: Brain Stimulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069982/electroconvulsive-therapy-practice-in-the-province-of-quebec-linked-health-administrative-data-study-from-1996-to-2013
#3
Morgane Lemasson, Julie Haesebaert, Louis Rochette, Eric Pelletier, Alain Lesage, Simon Patry
OBJECTIVE: As part of a quality improvement process, we propose a model of routinely monitoring electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in Canadian provinces using linked health administrative databases to generate provincial periodic reports, influence policy, and standardise ECT practices. METHODS: ECT practice in Quebec was studied from 1996 to 2013, using longitudinal data from the Quebec Integrated Chronic Disease Surveillance System of the Institut National de Santé Publique du Québec, which links 5 health administrative databases...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061438/symptom-profile-of-catatonia-in-children-and-adolescents-admitted-to-psychiatry-inpatient-unit
#4
Sandeep Grover, Nidhi Chauhan, Akhilesh Sharma, Subho Chakrabarti, Ajit Avasthi
AIM: To study the symptom profile of catatonia in children and adolescents. METHODOLOGY: Treatment records of all the inpatients aged (≤19 years) were reviewed for the period January 2005 to January 2017. Patients with catatonia (diagnosed as having at least two symptoms as per the Bush Francis Catatonia Rating scale) were included. RESULTS: During the study period, data was available for 52 children and adolescent. The mean age of the sample was 16...
October 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951141/maintenance-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-rtms-for-relapse-prevention-in-with-depression-a-review
#5
REVIEW
Fady Rachid
Major depressive disorder is a highly prevalent condition with significant morbidity and mortality. Recurrent episodes occur in greater than 50% of patients within a one year period despite treatment with antidepressant medications, electroconvulsive therapy and psychotherapy. Longer antidepressant treatment may prevent relapses and recurrences. Urgent therapeutic alternatives are needed such as maintenance repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation. The purpose of this review is to describe and discuss studies that have evaluated the safety and efficacy of this technique in the long-term treatment and relapse prevention of depression...
September 19, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936064/knowledge-and-attitude-of-nursing-students-toward-electroconvulsive-therapy
#6
Nitasha Sharma, Sandhya Ghai, Sandeep Grover
BACKGROUND: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is one of the commonly used treatment modalities for patients with severe mental disorders. However, acceptance of ECT by the patient and relatives often depends on how the health-care professionals themselves present the treatment modality to the patients and their relatives. There is a lack of information about the knowledge and attitude toward ECT among health professionals. AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the knowledge about and attitude toward ECT among nursing students...
August 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754582/catatonia-in-children-and-adolescents-new-perspectives
#7
Xavier Benarous, Marie Raffin, Vladimir Ferrafiat, Angèle Consoli, David Cohen
INTRODUCTION: Catatonia is a rare and severe psychomotor condition in children and adolescents. In the current report, we aimed to review the recent literature. METHOD: Using a PRISMA approach, we searched MEDLINE between 1982 and 2017 using the keywords 'CATATONIA' and 'CHILD' or 'ADOLESCENT'. In total, we reviewed 130 reports (controlled study, N=4; clinical chart, N=23; case report, N=54; and editorial/review, N=42). RESULTS: Several aspects seem to be age specific: (1) although the clinical presentation resembles that in adults, some symptoms are important in children and adolescents (e...
July 25, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658489/association-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-with-psychiatric-readmissions-in-us-hospitals
#8
Eric P Slade, Danielle R Jahn, William T Regenold, Brady G Case
Importance: Although electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is considered the most efficacious treatment available for individuals with severe affective disorders, ECT's availability is limited and declining, suggesting that information about the population-level effects of ECT is needed. Objective: To examine whether inpatient treatment with ECT is associated with a reduction in 30-day psychiatric readmission risk in a large, multistate sample of inpatients with severe affective disorders...
August 1, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579785/dexmedetomidine-for-the-management-of-postictal-agitation-after-electroconvulsive-therapy-with-s-ketamine-anesthesia
#9
Suna Su Aksay, Jan Malte Bumb, Dmitry Remennik, Manfred Thiel, Laura Kranaster, Alexander Sartorius, Christoph Janke
OBJECTIVES: Postictal agitation (PIA) represents one of the most common complications during a modified electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) course. Its clinical management can be challenging especially in cases with poor response to benzodiazepines. Dexmedetomidine, a highly selective alpha-2 adrenoceptor agonist acting predominantly in the locus coeruleus, exerts sedative effects without causing relevant respiratory depression. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study that aimed to assess the impact of dexmedetomidine use with S-ketamine anesthesia on PIA reduction in ECT...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535241/management-of-depression-in-older-adults-a-review
#10
REVIEW
Rob M Kok, Charles F Reynolds
Importance: Depression in older adults is a common psychiatric disorder affecting their health-related quality of life. Major depression occurs in 2% of adults aged 55 years or older, and its prevalence rises with increasing age. In addition, 10% to 15% of older adults have clinically significant depressive symptoms, even in the absence of major depression. Observations: Depression presents with the same symptoms in older adults as it does in younger populations...
May 23, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274337/catatonia-among-women-with-postpartum-psychosis-in-a-mother-baby-inpatient-psychiatry-unit
#11
Abhinav Nahar, Nithin Kondapuram, Geetha Desai, Prabha S Chandra
OBJECTIVE: The aims of the present study were to determine the prevalence of catatonia in women with postpartum psychosis, describe its socio demographic, clinical and obstetric correlates and identify predictors of treatment response. METHODS: Data was extracted from clinical charts of 200 women with postpartum psychosis admitted to an inpatient mother baby unit (MBU) in India over a 3year period. RESULTS: Of the 200 patients, 20% (n=40) had symptoms of catatonia...
March 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009627/ect-related-anxiety-a-systematic-review
#12
Jasmien Obbels, Esmée Verwijk, Filip Bouckaert, Pascal Sienaert
BACKGROUND: A significant proportion of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)-treated patients experience anxiety anticipating the treatment, often to such an extent that they refuse or discontinue a much-needed treatment. Despite its great impact on treatment adherence, anxiety in patients receiving ECT is underexposed in the scientific literature. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to review the prevalence and specific subjects of ECT-related anxiety and therapeutic interventions to reduce it...
December 21, 2016: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525148/clozapine-can-be-the-good-option-in-resistant-mania
#13
S M Yasir Arafat, S M Atikur Rahman, Md Maruful Haque, Mohsin Ali Shah, Sultana Algin, Jhunu Shamsun Nahar
Bipolar mood disorder is a mental disorder with a lifetime prevalence rate of about 1% in the general population and there are still a proportion of individuals who suffer from bipolar mood disorders that are resistant to standard treatment. Reporting clozapine responsive mania that was not responding to two previous consecutive atypical antipsychotics and one typical antipsychotic was aimed at. A 17-year-old male manic patient was admitted into the psychiatry inpatient department and was nonresponsive to Risperidone 12 mg daily for 4 weeks, Olanzapine 30 mg daily for 3 weeks, and Haloperidol 30 mg daily for 3 weeks, along with valproate preparation 1500 mg daily...
2016: Case Reports in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27461894/persistent-genital-arousal-disorder-a-review-of-its-conceptualizations-potential-origins-impact-and-treatment
#14
REVIEW
Robyn A Jackowich, Leah Pink, Allan Gordon, Caroline F Pukall
INTRODUCTION: Persistent genital arousal disorder (PGAD) is a condition characterized by symptoms of physiologic (typically genital) sexual arousal in the absence of perceived subjective sexual arousal. The physiologic arousal can last hours or days, or it can occur constantly, and it does not typically remit after orgasm(s). The symptoms are usually described as distressing, intrusive, and unwanted. AIM: To review the available literature on PGAD. METHODS: A literature review through April 2016 was undertaken using terms persistent genital arousal disorder, persistent sexual arousal syndrome, and restless genital syndrome...
October 2016: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27390700/economic-evaluation-of-resistant-major-depressive-disorder-treatment-in-iranian-population-a-comparison-between-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-with-electroconvulsive
#15
Hesam Ghiasvand, Mohammad Moradi-Joo, Nazanin Abolhassani, Hamid Ravaghi, Seyed Mansoor Raygani, Sahar Mohabbat-Bahar
BACKGROUND: It is estimated that major depression disorders constitute 8.2% of years lived with disability (YLDs) globally. The repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) and Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) are two relative common interventions to treat major depressive disorders, especially for treatment resistant depression. In this study the cost- effectiveness and cost-utility of rTMS were compared with ECT in Iranian population suffering from major depressive disorder using a decision tree model...
2016: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27293481/oral-cenesthopathy
#16
REVIEW
Yojiro Umezaki, Anna Miura, Motoko Watanabe, Miho Takenoshita, Akihito Uezato, Akira Toriihara, Toru Nishikawa, Akira Toyofuku
Cenesthopathy is characterized by abnormal and strange bodily sensations and is classified as a 'delusional disorder, somatic type' or 'somatoform disorder' according to the DSM 5. The oral cavity is one of the frequent sites of cenesthopathy, thus the term 'oral cenesthopathy.' Patients with oral cenesthopathy complain of unusual sensations without corresponding abnormal findings in the oral area, such as excessive mucus secretion, a slimy sensation, or a feeling of coils or wires being present within the oral region...
2016: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27227401/the-prevalence-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-use-since-1973-a-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Alain Lesage, Morgane Lemasson, Karen Medina, Jackson Tsopmo, Nedjma Sebti, Stephane Potvin, Simon Patry
OBJECTIVES: A formal meta-analysis of the use of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) has never been conducted before in literature reviews or syntheses. Such a study would be hampered by heterogeneity and potential reporting biases. However, it would provide a single comparable measure to allow an analysis of statistical key dimensions such as trends across time and psychiatric resources available. It would also help planners and decision makers to set standards and benchmarks for national and regional guidelines for quality assurance and research in health services...
December 2016: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27185716/electroconvulsive-therapy-for-depression-following-acute-coronary-syndromes-a-concern-for-the-anesthesiologist
#18
REVIEW
Nosratollah Pourafkari, Leili Pourafkari, Nader D Nader
The prevalence of depression in patients with cardiovascular disease is higher than general population and especially following an acute coronary syndrome (ACS), a significant number of patients report a wide spectrum of behavioral and mood changes attributable to clinical depression. Treatment of depression following ACS event is particularly challenging since most of the therapeutic modalities are associated with increasing the systemic sympathetic tone from neurogenic or pharmacologic sources. Increased activity of the adrenergic and catecholamine activity may further deter the myocardial oxygen supply and demand therefore treating depression should be carefully evaluated for its risk benefit ratio...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27165643/use-of-novel-psychoactive-substances-by-inpatients-on-general-adult-psychiatric-wards
#19
Jack L Stanley, Daniel V Mogford, Rebecca J Lawrence, Stephen M Lawrie
OBJECTIVES: Non-illicit alternatives to controlled drugs, known as novel psychoactive substances (NPS), have recently risen to prominence. They are readily available, with uncertain pharmacology and no widely available assay. Given that psychiatric patients are at risk of comorbid substance abuse, we hypothesised that NPS use would be present in the psychiatric population, and sought to determine its prevalence and investigate the characteristics of those who use these drugs with a retrospective review of discharge letters...
2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27137976/prevalence-and-correlates-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-delivery-in-1001-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-outpatients
#20
Samara Dos Santos-Ribeiro, Natália M Lins-Martins, Ilana Frydman, Maria Conceição do Rosário, Ygor A Ferrão, Roseli G Shavitt, Murat Yücel, Euripedes C Miguel, Leonardo F Fontenelle
Individuals with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) who sought treatment in seven different specialized centers (n=1001) were evaluated with a structured assessment battery. Thirteen OCD patients (1.3% of the sample) reported having been treated with electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in the past. They were older and exhibited higher global severity of OCD symptoms, but were less likely to display symmetry/ordering and contamination/washing symptoms. They also had greater suicidality and increased rates of psychosis...
May 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
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