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Mental health and doors

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917216/the-revolving-door-of-mental-neurological-and-substance-use-disorders-re-hospitalization-in-rural-kwazulu-natal-province-south-africa
#1
Andrew Tomita, Yoshan Moodley
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about the extent of mental, neurological and substance-use (MNS) disorders re-hospitalization in South Africa. We examined the extent of one-year MNS re-hospitalization (MNS-R) in a rural South African primary health care facility (PHCF). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of hospital administrative data from 10,525 adults discharged from a rural PHCF in KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa. Chi-squared tests were utilized to describe MNS-R within one year of an index hospital admission in individuals with MNS, with a sub-analysis also being conducted to describe schizophrenia re-hospitalization (S-R)...
September 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794737/locked-doors-do-not-help-patient-well-being-in-mental-health-units
#2
(no author information available yet)
A report in The Lancet Psychiatry suggests locked-door wards are ineffective in reducing patient suicide attempts or eliminating unauthorised absence.
September 7, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699425/clinical-simulation-in-psychiatric-mental-health-nursing-post-graduation-follow-up
#3
Mary LuAnne Lilly, Melinda Hermanns, Bill Crawley
In psychiatric-mental health, creating an innovative strategy to help students learn content that may not be frequently seen in a clinical setting is challenging. Thus, simulation helps narrow this gap. Using Kirkpatrick and Kirkpatrick's model of evaluation to guide the current study, faculty contacted baccalaureate nursing program graduates who completed a psychiatric-mental health clinical simulation scenario featuring a hanging suicide and wrist cutting suicide attempt scenario in the "Behind the Door" series as part of the clinical component of their undergraduate psychiatric-mental health course...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648873/a-recovery-oriented-care-approach-weighing-the-pros-and-cons-of-a-newly-built-mental-health-facility
#4
Catherine Clark Ahern, Peter Bieling, Margaret C McKinnon, Heather E McNeely, Karen Langstaff
The current study adopted a recovery-oriented care approach by emphasizing patients' perspectives and experiences regarding changes to a newly built mental health facility. The inpatient entrance, or "portal," intended to balance the aims of recovery-oriented care with minimizing risk. A mixed-methods study of the portal's pros and cons was conducted, according to four themes: (a) autonomy versus inconvenience; (b) safety and security versus stigma; (c) unit door versus portal operating costs; and (d) privacy versus community integration...
February 1, 2016: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556674/closing-the-health-care-gap-in-communities-a-safety-net-system-approach
#5
Patricia A Gabow
The goal of U.S. health care should be good health for every American. This daunting goal will require closing the health care gap in communities with a particular focus on the most vulnerable populations and the safety net institutions that disproportionately serve these communities. This Commentary describes Denver Health's (DH's) two-pronged approach to achieving this goal: (1) creating an integrated system that focuses on the needs of vulnerable populations, and (2) creating an approach for financial viability, quality of care, and employee engagement...
October 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27527994/the-alberta-mental-health-act-2010-and-revolving-door-syndrome-control-care-and-identity-in-making-up-people
#6
Gary R S Barron
In this paper, I describe dividing practices in making up a specific medical-legal category-the revolving door patient-to identify, label, and direct the actions of particular people living with mental illness. The revolving door patient was a category that had been spoken of for some time, but became a formal legal subject with the introduction of the Alberta Mental Health Act 2010 and Community Treatment Orders (CTOs). I demonstrate how a rationale of control over unpredictable and dangerous individuals was primary in creating this new category, and that the characterization of the revolving door patient required a disciplinary technology to reduce danger...
August 2016: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27474765/locking-doors-in-mental-health-hospitals-does-not-reduce-suicide-or-absconding-shows-study
#7
Susan Mayor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27461986/qualitative-research-in-spanish-cannabis-social-clubs-the-moment-you-enter-the-door-you-are-minimising-the-risks
#8
Vendula Belackova, Alexandra Tomkova, Tomas Zabransky
BACKGROUND: Cannabis social clubs (CSCs) in Spain are non-profit organisations that connect regular adult cannabis users. One of their functions is to supply cannabis to the closed circuit of members. The CSCs do not breach any international treaties. The aim of the paper is to present the findings of a qualitative study among Spanish CSCs in order to assess their potential for minimising the harm resulting from cannabis use (such as respiratory and mental health risks, the risk of dependence, and social risks)...
August 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27416014/-i-feel-free-experiences-of-a-dance-intervention-for-adolescent-girls-with-internalizing-problems
#9
Anna Duberg, Margareta Möller, Helena Sunvisson
Adolescent girls today suffer from internalizing problems such as somatic symptoms and mental health problems at higher rates compared to those of previous decades, and effective interventions are warranted. The aim of this study was to explore the experiences of participating in an 8-month dance intervention. This qualitative study was embedded in a randomized controlled trial of a dance intervention for adolescent girls with internalizing problems. A total of 112 girls aged 13-18 were included in the study...
2016: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27409300/associations-of-poor-housing-with-mental-health-among-north-carolina-latino-migrant-farmworkers
#10
Dana C Mora, Sara A Quandt, Haiying Chen, Thomas A Arcury
This analysis examines the associations of housing conditions with mental health among migrant farmworkers. Data are from a 2010 cross-sectional study conducted in 16 North Carolina counties. Interviews and housing inspections were completed with 371 farmworkers in 186 camps. Mental health measures included depression (Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, CES-D), anxiety (Personality Assessment Inventory, PAI), and alcohol misuse (Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test, AUDIT-C). Housing measures were number of people per sleeping room, perceived security of self and belongings, having a key to dwelling's door, having bedroom storage, toilet privacy issues, and number of housing regulation violations...
2016: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27406930/comorbidity-action-in-the-north-a-study-of-services-for-people-with-comorbid-mental-health-and-drug-and-alcohol-disorders-in-the-northern-suburbs-of-adelaide
#11
Dennis Liu, Charlotte de Crespigny, Nicholas Procter, Janet Kelly, Hepsibah Francis, Miriam Posselt, Imelda Cairney, Cherrie Galletly
OBJECTIVE: This study identified barriers to and facilitators of mental health (MH) and alcohol and drug (AOD) comorbidity services, in order to drive service improvement. METHOD: Participatory action research enabled strong engagement with community services, including Aboriginal and refugee groups. Surveys, interviews and consultations were undertaken with clinicians and managers of MH, AOD and support services, consumers, families, community advocates and key service providers...
July 12, 2016: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27237041/protocol-and-methodology-of-study-epidemiological-mental-health-in-andalusia-pisma-ep
#12
Jorge A Cervilla, Isabel Ruiz, Miguel Rodríguez-Barranco, Margarita Rivera, Inmaculada Ibáñez-Casas, Esther Molina, Eulalio Valmisa, José Carmona-Calvo, Berta Moreno-Küstner, José Eduardo Muñoz-Negro, Ana Ching-López, Blanca Gutiérrez
INTRODUCTION: This is the general methods describing paper of a cross-sectional study that aims to detect the prevalence of major mental disorders in Andalusia (Southern Spain), and their correlates or potential risk factors, using a large representative sample of community-dwelling adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study. We undertook a multistage sampling using different standard stratification levels and aimed to interview 4,518 randomly selected participants living in all 8 provinces of the Andalusian region utilizing a door-knocking approach...
May 27, 2016: Revista de Psiquiatrí́a y Salud Mental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27079140/the-good-food-junction-a-community-based-food-store-intervention-to-address-nutritional-health-inequities
#13
Rachel Engler-Stringer, Nazeem Muhajarine, Tracy Ridalls, Sylvia Abonyi, Hassan Vatanparast, Susan Whiting, Ryan Walker
BACKGROUND: This is a 2-year study to assess the early impacts of a new grocery store intervention in a former food desert. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study is to understand the early health effects of the introduction of a large-scale food and nutrition-focused community-based population health intervention, the Good Food Junction (GFJ) Cooperative Store, in a geographically bounded group of socially disadvantaged neighborhoods (the "core neighborhoods") in a midsized Canadian city...
2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27054450/effect-of-preoperative-sagittal-balance-on-cervical-laminoplasty-outcomes
#14
Yasushi Oshima, Katsushi Takeshita, Yuki Taniguchi, Yoshitaka Matsubayashi, Toru Doi, Junichi Ohya, Kazuhito Soma, So Kato, Hiroyuki Oka, Hirotaka Chikuda, Sakae Tanaka
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. OBJECTIVE: To clarify how preoperative global sagittal imbalance influences outcomes in patients with cervical compression myelopathy undergoing cervical laminoplasty. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The influence of sagittal balance on outcomes of cervical laminoplasty remains uncertain. METHODS: The authors retrospectively reviewed data of 106 patients who underwent double-door cervical laminoplasty between 2004 and 2011 and investigated the influence of the C7 sagittal vertical axis (SVA) on outcome scores...
April 6, 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27037162/unlocking-the-doors-to-canadian-older-inmate-mental-health-data-rates-and-potential-legal-responses
#15
Adelina Iftene
This article is based on a quantitative study investigating the quality of life of older Canadian prisoners. For this study, social science methodology was used to answer certain legal questions, such as: what are the mental health issues of older male offenders and how are these needs influencing the exercise of their legal rights? Are institutions prepared to deal with the increased needs of older offenders? If no, is this an infringement of this group's rights? In this article, the mental health problems of older offenders are first outlined...
July 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27032394/a-foot-in-the-door-development-of-a-summer-college-student-internship-in-community-mental-health
#16
Rebecca Miller, Erika Carr, Lauren Utter, Thomas Styron, Jeanne Steiner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 31, 2016: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26980207/developing-a-clinical-translational-neuroscience-taxonomy-for-anxiety-and-mood-disorder-protocol-for-the-baseline-follow-up-research-domain-criteria-anxiety-and-depression-rad-project
#17
Leanne M Williams, Andrea N Goldstein-Piekarski, Nowreen Chowdhry, Katherine A Grisanzio, Nancy A Haug, Zoe Samara, Amit Etkin, Ruth O'Hara, Alan F Schatzberg, Trisha Suppes, Jerome Yesavage
BACKGROUND: Understanding how brain circuit dysfunctions relate to specific symptoms offers promise for developing a brain-based taxonomy for classifying psychopathology, identifying targets for mechanistic studies and ultimately for guiding treatment choice. The goal of the Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) initiative of the National Institute of Mental Health is to accelerate the development of such neurobiological models of mental disorder independent of traditional diagnostic criteria...
2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26915900/improving-mental-health-treatment-initiation-among-depressed-community-dwelling-older-adults
#18
Jo Anne Sirey, Samprit Banerjee, Patricia Marino, Ashley Halkett, Elmira Raeifar, Michelle Paggi, Martha L Bruce
OBJECTIVE: Depression screening has been widely implemented in community settings to increase detection of late-life depression. Rates of treatment initiation are low without additional structured follow-up, however. The current study evaluates the effectiveness of a brief psychosocial intervention, Open Door, designed to improve initiation of mental health treatment among clients of aging service meals programs. DESIGN: Older adult social service clients with depressive symptoms were randomized to either the Open Door intervention or a Service Referral control condition...
April 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26873615/experience-of-stigma-in-private-life-of-relatives-of-people-diagnosed-with-schizophrenia-in-the-republic-of-belarus
#19
D Krupchanka, N Kruk, J Murray, S Davey, N Bezborodovs, P Winkler, L Bukelskis, N Sartorius
PURPOSE: Family stigma constitutes a major problem in schizophrenia worldwide. Data on first-hand experience of stigma in families is necessary for planning and implementing interventions to reduce its burden. The aim of the study was to investigate the experience of stigma among relatives of persons with schizophrenia in Belarus. METHODS: Qualitative research methods, such as the thematic analysis of in-depth semi-structured interviews with 20 relatives of people diagnosed with schizophrenia, were used...
May 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26794412/socially-restrictive-attitudes-towards-people-with-mental-illness-among-the-non-psychiatry-medical-professionals-in-a-university-teaching-hospital-in-south-india
#20
Shashwath Sathyanath, Rohan Dilip Mendonsa, Anitha Maria Thattil, Varikkara Mohan Chandran, Ravichandra S Karkal
BACKGROUND: Unfortunately, stigmatizing attitudes towards mentally ill are common among medical students, nurses as well as doctors. This is a major obstacle in the delivery of mental health services. AIMS: To assess the socially restrictive attitudes towards mentally ill among the medical professionals and to investigate the association between such attitudes and relevant variables. METHODS: We assessed the attitudes towards people with mental illness among the medical professionals (N = 130) in a medical university using shortened version of the 40-item Community Attitudes toward the Mentally Ill (CAMI) scale...
May 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
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