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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476107/the-effects-of-family-structure-and-function-on-mental-health-during-china-s-transition-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#1
Yao Cheng, Liuyi Zhang, Fang Wang, Ping Zhang, Beizhu Ye, Yuan Liang
BACKGROUND: Social change, intensified by industrialization and globalization, has not only changed people's work lives but also their personal lives, especially in developing countries. The aim of this study was to provide evidence and recommendations regarding family structure, function, and mental health to actively respond to rapid social change. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted face-to-face and door-to-door from July 2011 to September 2012 in Hubei Province, central China...
May 5, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466504/impact-of-nurse-led-behavioural-counselling-to-improve-metabolic-health-and-physical-activity-among-adults-with-mental-illness
#2
Sarah J Fraser, Wendy J Brown, Harvey A Whiteford, Nicola W Burton
The life expectancy of adults with mental illness is significantly less than that of the general population, and this is largely due to poor physical health. Behavioural counselling can improve physical health indicators among people with non-communicable disease. This repeated-measures, single-group intervention trial evaluated the effects of a 19-week behavioural counselling programme on metabolic health indicators and physical activity levels of outpatient adults with mental illness. Sixteen participants completed the intervention that comprised individual face-to-face counselling sessions with a registered nurse every 3 weeks, and progress reviews with a medical practitioner every 6 weeks...
May 2, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455605/how-can-geography-and-mobile-phones-contribute-to-psychotherapy
#3
Carlos Ferrás, Yolanda García, Adrián Aguilera, Álvaro Rocha
Interdisciplinary relationships between Geography and Psychotherapy are an opportunity for innovation. Indeed, scientific works found on bibliographic databases and concerning this theme are scarce. Geographical sub-fields, such as the Geography of Emotions or Psychoanalytical Geography have started to emerge, theorizing about and interpreting feelings, emotions, moods, sufferings, of the chronically ill or diversified social groups and sites. But a less theoretical and more practical approach, in the sense of proposing, predicting and intervening, is lacking; as well as research into the possibilities offered by communication technologies and mobile phones...
June 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421661/safety-in-psychiatric-inpatient-care-the-impact-of-risk-management-culture-on-mental-health-nursing-practice
#4
Allie Slemon, Emily Jenkins, Vicky Bungay
The discourse of safety has informed the care of individuals with mental illness through institutionalization and into modern psychiatric nursing practices. Confinement arose from safety: out of both societal stigma and fear for public safety, as well as benevolently paternalistic aims to protect individuals from self-harm. In this paper, we argue that within current psychiatric inpatient environments, safety is maintained as the predominant value, and risk management is the cornerstone of nursing care. Practices that accord with this value are legitimized and perpetuated through the safety discourse, despite evidence refuting their efficacy, and patient perspectives demonstrating harm...
April 18, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225543/cuba-s-aging-and-alzheimer-longitudinal-study
#5
Juan de Jesús Llibre-Rodríguez, Adolfo Valhuerdi-Cepero, Ana M López-Medina, Lisseth Noriega-Fernández, Rutbeskia Porto-Álvarez, Milagros A Guerra-Hernández, Rodolfo I Bosch-Bayard, Tania Zayas-Llerena, Elaine Hernandez-Ulloa, Ana L Rodríguez-Blanco, Enrique Salazar-Pérez, Juan C Llibre-Guerra, Jorge J Llibre-Guerra, Beatriz Marcheco-Teruel
Aging and Alzheimer is a prospective, longitudinal cohort study involving 2944 adults aged ≥65 years from selected areas in Cuba's Havana and Matanzas Provinces. This door-to-door study, which began in 2003, includes periodic assessments of the cohort based on an interview; physical exam; anthropometric measurements; and diagnosis of dementia and its subtypes, other mental disorders, and other chronic non-communicable diseases and their risk factors. Information was gathered on sociodemographic characteristics; disability, dependency and frailty; use of health services; and characteristics of care and caregiver burden...
January 2017: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187717/which-young-people-in-england-are-most-at-risk-of-an-alcohol-related-revolving-door-readmission-career
#6
Andrew R Hoy
BACKGROUND: This research investigated what Hospital Episode Statistics (HES) records could reveal about the development of problematic drinking careers among young people in England. METHODS: A cohort of 7286 young people (aged 12-18) who had an index alcohol-related emergency admission between April 2003 and March 2004 were investigated for subsequent alcohol-related readmission. Regressions of patient and visit characteristics were performed against measures of readmission...
February 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100506/twittering-on-about-mental-health-is-it-worth-the-effort
#7
Mahesh Jayaram, Lindsay Moran, Clive Adams
The medical community disseminates information increasingly using social media. Randomised controlled trials are being conducted in this area to evaluate effectiveness of social media with mixed results so far, but more trials are likely to be published in the coming years. One recent twitter randomised control trial using Cochrane Schizophrenia Group reviews suggests that tweets increase the hits to the target web page by about threefold and time spent on the web page is also increased threefold when referrals come in via twitter...
January 18, 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100210/prevalence-of-psychiatric-morbidity-in-a-community-sample-in-western-kenya
#8
Edith Kwobah, Steve Epstein, Ann Mwangi, Debra Litzelman, Lukoye Atwoli
BACKGROUND: About 25% of the worldwide population suffers from mental, neurological and substance use disorders but unfortunately, up to 75% of affected persons do not have access to the treatment they need. Data on the magnitude of the mental health problem in Kenya is scarce. The objectives of this study were to establish the prevalence and the socio-demographic factors associated with mental and substance use disorders in Kosirai division, Nandi County, Western Kenya. METHODS: This was a cross sectional descriptive study in which participants were selected by simple random sampling...
January 18, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098018/-don-t-be-afraid-to-push-at-doors
#9
(no author information available yet)
Alison Twycross started her nursing career in 1981, volunteering at a local hospice while doing her A levels. A registered adult, mental health and children's nurse, she has worked in nurse education for 21 years and is professor and head of children's nursing at London South Bank University. Ms Twycross has edited three books on research related to managing pain in children, and is the editor of the RCNi journal Evidence-Based Nursing.
January 18, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053514/clinical-outcome-and-predictors-of-adverse-events-of-an-enhanced-older-adult-psychiatric-liaison-service-rapid-assessment-interface-and-discharge-newport
#10
Inderpal Singh, Priya Fernando, Jane Griffin, Chris Edwards, Kathryn Williamson, Patrick Chance
BACKGROUND: Hospitals are currently admitting an increasing number of older people, and more than one-third could have an underlying mental health problem. The existing Older Adult Mental Health (OAMH) liaison service was increasingly unable to meet the escalating needs of older and frail patients. Therefore, the service was modernized and enhanced on an "invest-to-save" principle to provide a prompt holistic assessment for older adults with mental health problems. The objective of this study was a service evaluation to appraise clinical outcome, minimize the length of stay, and measure the predictors of adverse outcomes to streamline this enhanced service...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933459/four-reasons-why-assisted-dying-should-not-be-offered-for-depression
#11
Thomas Blikshavn, Tonje Lossius Husum, Morten Magelssen
Recently, several authors have argued that assisted dying may be ethically appropriate when requested by a person who suffers from serious depression unresponsive to treatment. We here present four arguments to the contrary. First, the arguments made by proponents of assisted dying rely on notions of "treatment-resistant depression" that are problematic. Second, an individual patient suffering from depression may not be justified in believing that chances of recovery are minimal. Third, the therapeutic significance of hope must be acknowledged; when mental healthcare opens up the door to admitting hopelessness, there is a danger of a self-fulfilling prophecy...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917216/the-revolving-door-of-mental-neurological-and-substance-use-disorders-re-hospitalization-in-rural-kwazulu-natal-province-south-africa
#12
Andrew Tomita, Yoshan Moodley
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about the extent of mental, neurological and substance-use (MNS) disorders re-hospitalization in South Africa. We examined the extent of one-year MNS re-hospitalization (MNS-R) in a rural South African primary health care facility (PHCF). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of hospital administrative data from 10,525 adults discharged from a rural PHCF in KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa. Chi-squared tests were utilized to describe MNS-R within one year of an index hospital admission in individuals with MNS, with a sub-analysis also being conducted to describe schizophrenia re-hospitalization (S-R)...
September 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794737/locked-doors-do-not-help-patient-well-being-in-mental-health-units
#13
(no author information available yet)
A report in The Lancet Psychiatry suggests locked-door wards are ineffective in reducing patient suicide attempts or eliminating unauthorised absence.
September 7, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699425/clinical-simulation-in-psychiatric-mental-health-nursing-post-graduation-follow-up
#14
Mary LuAnne Lilly, Melinda Hermanns, Bill Crawley
In psychiatric-mental health, creating an innovative strategy to help students learn content that may not be frequently seen in a clinical setting is challenging. Thus, simulation helps narrow this gap. Using Kirkpatrick and Kirkpatrick's model of evaluation to guide the current study, faculty contacted baccalaureate nursing program graduates who completed a psychiatric-mental health clinical simulation scenario featuring a hanging suicide and wrist cutting suicide attempt scenario in the "Behind the Door" series as part of the clinical component of their undergraduate psychiatric-mental health course...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648873/a-recovery-oriented-care-approach-weighing-the-pros-and-cons-of-a-newly-built-mental-health-facility
#15
Catherine Clark Ahern, Peter Bieling, Margaret C McKinnon, Heather E McNeely, Karen Langstaff
The current study adopted a recovery-oriented care approach by emphasizing patients' perspectives and experiences regarding changes to a newly built mental health facility. The inpatient entrance, or "portal," intended to balance the aims of recovery-oriented care with minimizing risk. A mixed-methods study of the portal's pros and cons was conducted, according to four themes: (a) autonomy versus inconvenience; (b) safety and security versus stigma; (c) unit door versus portal operating costs; and (d) privacy versus community integration...
February 1, 2016: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556674/closing-the-health-care-gap-in-communities-a-safety-net-system-approach
#16
Patricia A Gabow
The goal of U.S. health care should be good health for every American. This daunting goal will require closing the health care gap in communities with a particular focus on the most vulnerable populations and the safety net institutions that disproportionately serve these communities. This Commentary describes Denver Health's (DH's) two-pronged approach to achieving this goal: (1) creating an integrated system that focuses on the needs of vulnerable populations, and (2) creating an approach for financial viability, quality of care, and employee engagement...
October 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27527994/the-alberta-mental-health-act-2010-and-revolving-door-syndrome-control-care-and-identity-in-making-up-people
#17
Gary R S Barron
In this paper, I describe dividing practices in making up a specific medical-legal category-the revolving door patient-to identify, label, and direct the actions of particular people living with mental illness. The revolving door patient was a category that had been spoken of for some time, but became a formal legal subject with the introduction of the Alberta Mental Health Act 2010 and Community Treatment Orders (CTOs). I demonstrate how a rationale of control over unpredictable and dangerous individuals was primary in creating this new category, and that the characterization of the revolving door patient required a disciplinary technology to reduce danger...
2016: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27474765/locking-doors-in-mental-health-hospitals-does-not-reduce-suicide-or-absconding-shows-study
#18
Susan Mayor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 28, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27461986/qualitative-research-in-spanish-cannabis-social-clubs-the-moment-you-enter-the-door-you-are-minimising-the-risks
#19
Vendula Belackova, Alexandra Tomkova, Tomas Zabransky
BACKGROUND: Cannabis social clubs (CSCs) in Spain are non-profit organisations that connect regular adult cannabis users. One of their functions is to supply cannabis to the closed circuit of members. The CSCs do not breach any international treaties. The aim of the paper is to present the findings of a qualitative study among Spanish CSCs in order to assess their potential for minimising the harm resulting from cannabis use (such as respiratory and mental health risks, the risk of dependence, and social risks)...
August 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27416014/-i-feel-free-experiences-of-a-dance-intervention-for-adolescent-girls-with-internalizing-problems
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Anna Duberg, Margareta Möller, Helena Sunvisson
Adolescent girls today suffer from internalizing problems such as somatic symptoms and mental health problems at higher rates compared to those of previous decades, and effective interventions are warranted. The aim of this study was to explore the experiences of participating in an 8-month dance intervention. This qualitative study was embedded in a randomized controlled trial of a dance intervention for adolescent girls with internalizing problems. A total of 112 girls aged 13-18 were included in the study...
2016: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
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