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Mental health and doors

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197356/social-and-health-outcomes-following-upgrades-to-a-national-housing-standard-a-multilevel-analysis-of-a-five-wave-repeated-cross-sectional-survey
#1
Wouter Poortinga, Nikki Jones, Simon Lannon, Huw Jenkins
BACKGROUND: While existing research indicates that housing improvements are associated with health improvements, less is known about the wider social and health benefits of meeting national housing standards, as well as those of their specific constituent measures. This study evaluates the impacts of a managed housing upgrade programme through a repeated cross-sectional survey design. METHODS: A five-wave repeated cross-sectional survey was conducted over a seven-year period from 2009 to 2016 (n = 2075; n = 2219; n = 2015; n = 1991; and n = 1709, respectively)...
December 2, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189993/barriers-to-physical-and-mental-health-understanding-the-intersecting-needs-of-cambodian-and-latino-residents-in-urban-communities
#2
L H D'Anna, V Peong, P Sabado, A Valdez-Dadia, M C Hansen, C Canjura, M Hong
A community needs assessment was conducted to explore barriers and facilitators to good physical and mental health among Cambodian and Latino residents in an urban community in Southern California. Thirty-six Cambodians and 29 Latinos completed the interviewer-facilitated survey administered door-to-door, and another 20 Cambodian and 18 Latino residents participated in focus groups. Crime, limited knowledge of positive health behaviors, lack of access to affordable healthcare, and lack of access to safe spaces for recreational activities were identified as threats to good health...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160438/psychiatric-admission-and-readmission-in-a-general-hospital-of-porto-alegre-sociodemographic-clinic-and-use-of-network-for-psychosocial-care-characteristics
#3
Gabriela Lemos de Pinho Zanardo, Luísa Horn de Castro Silveira, Cristianne Maria Famer Rocha, Kátia Bones Rocha
INTRODUCTION: The revolving door phenomenon is characterized by repeated and frequent psychiatric readmissions. OBJECTIVE: We aim to investigate sociodemographic, clinic, and follow-up characteristics in health services associated to psychiatric admissions and readmissions of inpatients in a general hospital of Porto Alegre. METHODS: It is a cross-sectional study with a sample of 96 participants. RESULTS: More than half of the sample (53...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018553/suicide-patterns-on-the-london-underground-railway-system-2000-2010
#4
Susanna Martin, Muffazal Rawala
Aims and Method Suicidal acts on underground railway networks are an area of public health concern. Our aim was to review recent epidemiological patterns of suicidal acts on the London Underground to inform future preventive interventions. Data from 2000 to 2010 were obtained from the British Transport Police via a Freedom of Information request. Results The mean annual rate of suicidal acts from 2000 to 2010 was 5.8 per 100 million passenger journey stages. Of those who died by suicide, 77.3% were of White Northern European ethnicity...
October 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866330/aggression-and-violence-in-psychiatric-hospitals-with-and-without-open-door-policies-a-15-year-naturalistic-observational-study
#5
Andres R Schneeberger, Eva Kowalinski, Daniela Fröhlich, Katrin Schröder, Stefanie von Felten, Martin Zinkler, Karl H Beine, Andreas Heinz, Stefan Borgwardt, Undine E Lang, Donald A Bux, Christian G Huber
Aggressive behavior and violence in psychiatric patients have often been quoted to justify more restrictive settings in psychiatric facilities. However, the effects of open vs. locked door policies on aggressive incidents remain unclear. This study had a naturalistic observational design and analyzed the occurrence of aggressive behavior as well as the use of seclusion or restraint in 21 German hospitals. The analysis included data from 1998 to 2012 and contained a total of n = 314,330 cases, either treated in one of 17 hospitals with (n = 68,135) or in one of 4 hospitals without an open door policy (n = 246,195)...
December 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853622/military-veteran-engagement-with-mental-health-and-well-being-services-a-qualitative-study-of-the-role-of-the-peer-support-worker
#6
Bronagh Weir, Margaret Cunningham, Lucy Abraham, Charlie Allanson-Oddy
BACKGROUND: Many UK military veterans experiencing mental health and well-being difficulties do not engage with support services to get the help they need. Some mental health clinics employ Peer Support Workers (PSWs) to help veteran patients engage, however it is not known how the role influences UK veteran engagement. AIMS: To gain insight into the role of peer support in UK veteran engagement with mental health and well-being services. METHOD: A qualitative study based on 18 semi-structured interviews with veterans, PSWs and mental health clinicians at a specialist veteran mental health and well-being clinic in Scotland...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737982/knocking-on-prison-s-door-a-10-fold-rise-in-the-number-of-psychotic-prisoners-in-finland-during-the-years-2005-2016
#7
Alo Jüriloo, Lauri Pesonen, Hannu Lauerma
BACKGROUND: As in many European countries, Finnish psychiatric services experienced a rapid process of deinstitutionalization in the 1990s. In recent decades, the decrease in numbers of psychiatric hospital beds has in several countries been found to be linked with increasing criminality among severely mentally ill individuals. It has been concluded that deinstitutionalization could be the main reason for this development. AIM: To investigate whether the prevalence of severely mentally ill persons to prison is a growing trend also in Finland...
July 24, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696434/when-should-governments-increase-the-supply-of-psychiatric-beds
#8
S Allison, T Bastiampillai, J Licinio, D A Fuller, N Bidargaddi, S S Sharfstein
Low numbers of hospital-based psychiatric beds create problems for people with severe mental illness (SMI), when they face extended emergency department (ED) waits, higher thresholds for admission to an acute bed, and short revolving-door stays with high rates of rehospitalisation. Limited access to inpatient treatment has been associated with higher suicide risk, premature mortality, homelessness, violent crime and incarceration. Ultimately, people with SMI can be transinstitutionalised to the criminal justice system...
July 11, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648107/practitioners-experience-of-the-integration-of-mental-health-into-primary-health-care-in-the-west-rand-district-south-africa
#9
Ora Gerber
BACKGROUND: Despite the alarming prevalence of neuropsychiatric disorders in South Africa, mental health care remains under-resourced. The Mental Health Framework Policy of South Africa outlined the objective to integrate mental health into primary health care. The aim is to make mental health care more accessible, affordable and acceptable. Practitioners, however, find the application of the policy challenging. The identification of challenges can guide efforts to create conditions favourable to the implementation of the policy...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648090/effectiveness-of-a-10-week-group-program-based-on-dialectical-behaviour-therapy-skills-among-patients-with-personality-and-mood-disorders-findings-from-a-pilot-study
#10
Agatha M Conrad, Anoop Sankaranarayanan, Terry J Lewin, Anna Dunbar
OBJECTIVES: Community mental health services are often required to manage people experiencing repeated crises. Personality disorders are not uncommon, accounting for up to one-third of such presentations. These patients are often difficult to treat, leading to a revolving-door phenomenon. This study evaluated the effectiveness of a pilot intervention in reducing psychological symptoms and distress, and examined the impact of the intervention on mental health service utilization. METHODS: A pre- versus post-treatment evaluation was conducted of the effectiveness of a 10-week group psychological intervention based on Dialectical Behaviour Therapy skills, conducted in a regional Australian community mental health service with patients diagnosed with either Cluster B personality disorder or a mood disorder...
June 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646504/views-of-mental-health-consumers-about-being-involved-in-nursing-handover-on-acute-inpatient-units
#11
Michael Olasoji, Virginia Plummer, Fiona Reed, Sini Jacob, Liam Shaw, Michelle Shanti, Wendy Cross
The involvement of consumers in handover with nurses has been identified as reducing miscommunication and a reduction in adverse events in generalist nursing settings. Mental health (MH) care is complex, and handover practices need to fit with the philosophy of recovery-focussed practice. Recovery-focussed practice recognizes the person at the centre of care as an expert in their own treatment and decision-making. The aim of the present study was to explore the views of consumers with a mental illness, without prior involvement in nursing handover, about their need to be involved in nursing handover on an acute mental health inpatient unit...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476107/the-effects-of-family-structure-and-function-on-mental-health-during-china-s-transition-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#12
Yao Cheng, Liuyi Zhang, Fang Wang, Ping Zhang, Beizhu Ye, Yuan Liang
BACKGROUND: Social change, intensified by industrialization and globalization, has not only changed people's work lives but also their personal lives, especially in developing countries. The aim of this study was to provide evidence and recommendations regarding family structure, function, and mental health to actively respond to rapid social change. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted face-to-face and door-to-door from July 2011 to September 2012 in Hubei Province, central China...
May 5, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466504/impact-of-nurse-led-behavioural-counselling-to-improve-metabolic-health-and-physical-activity-among-adults-with-mental-illness
#13
Sarah J Fraser, Wendy J Brown, Harvey A Whiteford, Nicola W Burton
The life expectancy of adults with mental illness is significantly less than that of the general population, and this is largely due to poor physical health. Behavioural counselling can improve physical health indicators among people with non-communicable disease. This repeated-measures, single-group intervention trial evaluated the effects of a 19-week behavioural counselling programme on metabolic health indicators and physical activity levels of outpatient adults with mental illness. Sixteen participants completed the intervention that comprised individual face-to-face counselling sessions with a registered nurse every 3 weeks, and progress reviews with a medical practitioner every 6 weeks...
May 2, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455605/how-can-geography-and-mobile-phones-contribute-to-psychotherapy
#14
Carlos Ferrás, Yolanda García, Adrián Aguilera, Álvaro Rocha
Interdisciplinary relationships between Geography and Psychotherapy are an opportunity for innovation. Indeed, scientific works found on bibliographic databases and concerning this theme are scarce. Geographical sub-fields, such as the Geography of Emotions or Psychoanalytical Geography have started to emerge, theorizing about and interpreting feelings, emotions, moods, sufferings, of the chronically ill or diversified social groups and sites. But a less theoretical and more practical approach, in the sense of proposing, predicting and intervening, is lacking; as well as research into the possibilities offered by communication technologies and mobile phones...
June 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421661/safety-in-psychiatric-inpatient-care-the-impact-of-risk-management-culture-on-mental-health-nursing-practice
#15
Allie Slemon, Emily Jenkins, Vicky Bungay
The discourse of safety has informed the care of individuals with mental illness through institutionalization and into modern psychiatric nursing practices. Confinement arose from safety: out of both societal stigma and fear for public safety, as well as benevolently paternalistic aims to protect individuals from self-harm. In this paper, we argue that within current psychiatric inpatient environments, safety is maintained as the predominant value, and risk management is the cornerstone of nursing care. Practices that accord with this value are legitimized and perpetuated through the safety discourse, despite evidence refuting their efficacy, and patient perspectives demonstrating harm...
October 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225543/cuba-s-aging-and-alzheimer-longitudinal-study
#16
Juan de Jesús Llibre-Rodríguez, Adolfo Valhuerdi-Cepero, Ana M López-Medina, Lisseth Noriega-Fernández, Rutbeskia Porto-Álvarez, Milagros A Guerra-Hernández, Rodolfo I Bosch-Bayard, Tania Zayas-Llerena, Elaine Hernandez-Ulloa, Ana L Rodríguez-Blanco, Enrique Salazar-Pérez, Juan C Llibre-Guerra, Jorge J Llibre-Guerra, Beatriz Marcheco-Teruel
Aging and Alzheimer is a prospective, longitudinal cohort study involving 2944 adults aged ≥65 years from selected areas in Cuba's Havana and Matanzas Provinces. This door-to-door study, which began in 2003, includes periodic assessments of the cohort based on an interview; physical exam; anthropometric measurements; and diagnosis of dementia and its subtypes, other mental disorders, and other chronic non-communicable diseases and their risk factors. Information was gathered on sociodemographic characteristics; disability, dependency and frailty; use of health services; and characteristics of care and caregiver burden...
January 2017: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187717/which-young-people-in-england-are-most-at-risk-of-an-alcohol-related-revolving-door-readmission-career
#17
Andrew R Hoy
BACKGROUND: This research investigated what Hospital Episode Statistics (HES) records could reveal about the development of problematic drinking careers among young people in England. METHODS: A cohort of 7286 young people (aged 12-18) who had an index alcohol-related emergency admission between April 2003 and March 2004 were investigated for subsequent alcohol-related readmission. Regressions of patient and visit characteristics were performed against measures of readmission...
February 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100506/twittering-on-about-mental-health-is-it-worth-the-effort
#18
Mahesh Jayaram, Lindsay Moran, Clive Adams
The medical community disseminates information increasingly using social media. Randomised controlled trials are being conducted in this area to evaluate effectiveness of social media with mixed results so far, but more trials are likely to be published in the coming years. One recent twitter randomised control trial using Cochrane Schizophrenia Group reviews suggests that tweets increase the hits to the target web page by about threefold and time spent on the web page is also increased threefold when referrals come in via twitter...
February 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100210/prevalence-of-psychiatric-morbidity-in-a-community-sample-in-western-kenya
#19
Edith Kwobah, Steve Epstein, Ann Mwangi, Debra Litzelman, Lukoye Atwoli
BACKGROUND: About 25% of the worldwide population suffers from mental, neurological and substance use disorders but unfortunately, up to 75% of affected persons do not have access to the treatment they need. Data on the magnitude of the mental health problem in Kenya is scarce. The objectives of this study were to establish the prevalence and the socio-demographic factors associated with mental and substance use disorders in Kosirai division, Nandi County, Western Kenya. METHODS: This was a cross sectional descriptive study in which participants were selected by simple random sampling...
January 18, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098018/-don-t-be-afraid-to-push-at-doors
#20
(no author information available yet)
Alison Twycross started her nursing career in 1981, volunteering at a local hospice while doing her A levels. A registered adult, mental health and children's nurse, she has worked in nurse education for 21 years and is professor and head of children's nursing at London South Bank University. Ms Twycross has edited three books on research related to managing pain in children, and is the editor of the RCNi journal Evidence-Based Nursing.
January 18, 2017: Nursing Standard
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