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VATS in Lung

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906718/anesthesia-for-nonintubated-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery
#1
Hiroshi Sunaga, Justin D Blasberg, Paul M Heerdt
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review focuses primarily on nonintubated video-assisted thoracic surgery (NIVATS), and discusses advantages, indications, anesthetic techniques, and approaches to intraoperative crisis management. RECENT FINDINGS: Advancements in endoscopic, endovascular, and robotic techniques have expanded the range of surgical procedures that can be performed in a minimally invasive fashion. For thoracic operations in particular, video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) has largely replaced traditional thoracotomy, and continued technical development has made surgical access into the pleural space even less disruptive...
November 30, 2016: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900078/video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-for-the-central-bronchogenic-carcinoma-with-invasion-of-the-main-bronchus-and-pulmonary-artery-a-case-report
#2
Jun Wan, Renquan Zhang
Surgical treatment for central bronchogenic carcinoma with invasion of the main bronchus and pulmonary artery often include bronchial anastomosis and pulmonary angioplasty. As a technique, video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy has proven to reduce the rate of occurrence of complications, and thereby obtain improved survival rates. In the present case study, its use in treating central bronchogenic carcinoma with invasion of the main bronchus and pulmonary artery is reported. A case study of a 68-year-old man with a history of smoking 15-20 cigarettes per day for 40 years is described, who presented with a cough and hemoptysis...
November 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867563/single-port-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-in-the-treatment-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-propensity-matched-comparative-analysis
#3
Fuqiang Dai, Shenglan Meng, Longyong Mei, Chen Guan, Zheng Ma
BACKGROUND: Video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS)-assisted lobectomy is widely used to treat non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC). There are no reports concerning the comparison between single-port VATS and two-port VATS in treating NSCLC. This study aimed to compare the perioperative and short-term follow-up results between these two methods for treating NSCLC. METHODS: A retrospective surgical evaluation of patients undergoing either single-port VATS or two-port VATS for NSCLC between January 2013 and June 2015 was conducted...
October 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867557/clinical-analysis-of-non-aids-patients-pathologically-diagnosed-with-pulmonary-cryptococcosis
#4
Kaixiong Liu, Haibo Ding, Bing Xu, Ruixiong You, Zhen Xing, Jianfeng Chen, Qichang Lin, Jieming Qu
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary cryptococcosis (PC) was not a rare infectious disease in non-AIDS patients. However, data on the immune status were lacking in southern China for comparative analysis of differences between immunocompromised and immunocompetent hosts. This study was to investigate the epidemiological, clinical, radiological, and treatment profiles for patients with PC. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of 88 patients diagnosed with tissue-confirmed PC who were not HIV-infected from 2003 to 2013...
October 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855709/thoracotomy-is-better-than-thoracoscopic-lobectomy-in-the-lymph-node-dissection-of-lung-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Wenxiong Zhang, Yiping Wei, Han Jiang, Jianjun Xu, Dongliang Yu
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate which surgical method is better in lymph node (LN) dissection of lung cancer. METHODS: A comprehensive search of PubMed, Ovid MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, ScienceDirect, the Cochrane Library, Scopus, and Google Scholar was performed to identify studies comparing thoracoscopic lobectomy (video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) group) and thoracotomy (open group) in LN dissection. RESULTS: Twenty-nine articles met the inclusion criteria and involved 2763 patients in the VATS group and 3484 patients in the open group...
November 17, 2016: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843762/dangers-of-flying-high-and-diving-low-an-unusual-case-of-dyspnea
#6
Poornima Ramadas, Rumon Chakravarty, Prathik Krishnan, Anupa Nadkarni
Giant bullae are bullae that occupy at least 30 percent of a hemi thorax. This condition can rarely be idiopathic and not usually suspected in young patients with no risk factors. We describe a case of a giant solitary pulmonary bulla in a healthy young female with no known risk factors. 23-year-old female presented to the Emergency department with dyspnea and pleuritic right sided chest pain. She started experiencing these symptoms when she was on a 7-h flight and later experienced similar symptoms when she went scuba diving...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826728/rib-resection-using-a-pneumatic-high-speed-power-drill-system-for-lung-cancer-with-chest-wall-invasion-our-clinical-experience
#7
Yuichiro Ueda, Tatsuo Nakagawa, Toshiya Toyazaki, Naohisa Chiba, Masashi Gotoh
Rib resection for chest wall tumors, including lung cancer with chest wall invasion, is usually performed through open thoracotomy. Resection of part of the external rib cage requires an elongated or additional incision depending on the location and extension of the tumor, eventually becoming more invasive to patients. We recently introduced a technique of rib resection using a pneumatic high-speed power drill system known as "air tome". This novel technique is easy to perform through a small incision or even via video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) in selected patients...
November 8, 2016: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825690/variation-in-hospital-adoption-rates-of-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-lobectomy-for-lung-cancer-and-the-effect-on-outcomes
#8
Zaid M Abdelsattar, Mark S Allen, K Robert Shen, Stephen D Cassivi, Francis C Nichols, Dennis A Wigle, Shanda H Blackmon
BACKGROUND: This study examined the variation in the adoption of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) for lobectomy across United States hospitals from a population-based national database. METHODS: We used the National Cancer Data Base to identify patients undergoing lobectomy between 2010 and 2012 and used hierarchical regression to estimate case-mix-adjusted VATS lobectomy rates using patient and tumor characteristics. We stratified hospitals into quintiles by adjusted VATS lobectomy rates...
November 5, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823756/comparison-of-pulmonary-function-tests-and-perioperative-outcomes-after-robotic-assisted-pulmonary-lobectomy-vs-segmentectomy
#9
Maria F Echavarria, Anna M Cheng, Frank O Velez-Cubian, Emily P Ng, Carla C Moodie, Joseph R Garrett, Jacques P Fontaine, Lary A Robinson, Eric M Toloza
BACKGROUND: Lobectomy is standard treatment for early-stage lung cancer, but sublobar resection remains debated. We compared outcomes after robotic-assisted video-assisted thoracoscopic (R-VATS) segmentectomy vs lobectomy. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data from 251 consecutive patients who underwent R-VATS lobectomy (n = 208) or segmentectomy (n = 43) by a single surgeon over 36 months. Pulmonary function tests and perioperative outcomes were compared using Chi-squared test, unpaired Student t test, or Kruskal-Wallis test, with significance at P ≤ ...
September 29, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822454/report-on-first-international-workshop-on-robotic-surgery-in-thoracic-oncology
#10
Giulia Veronesi, Robert Cerfolio, Roberto Cingolani, Jens C Rueckert, Luc Soler, Alper Toker, Umberto Cariboni, Edoardo Bottoni, Uberto Fumagalli, Franca Melfi, Carlo Milli, Pierluigi Novellis, Emanuele Voulaz, Marco Alloisio
A workshop of experts from France, Germany, Italy, and the United States took place at Humanitas Research Hospital Milan, Italy, on February 10 and 11, 2016, to examine techniques for and applications of robotic surgery to thoracic oncology. The main topics of presentation and discussion were robotic surgery for lung resection; robot-assisted thymectomy; minimally invasive surgery for esophageal cancer; new developments in computer-assisted surgery and medical applications of robots; the challenge of costs; and future clinical research in robotic thoracic surgery...
2016: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809604/video-assisted-thoracic-lobectomy-for-lung-cancer-in-italy-the-vats-group-project
#11
Roberto Crisci, Andrea Droghetti, Marcello Migliore, Alessandro Bertani, Alessandro Gonfiotti, Piergiorgio Solli
As part of the third Mediterranean Symposium in Thoracic Surgical Oncology, we introduce the Italian VATS Group ( http://vatsgroup.org/sito/index.php ). This national collaborative initiative was established in 2013 and started to recruit patients in January 2014; as of July 2016, 3680 patients have been enrolled in the database. Three different video-assisted thoracic surgery approaches have been predominantly used by Italian thoracic surgery centers, 71% of them preferentially adopting a multi-portal approach, with a 20% recorded morbidity...
November 4, 2016: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806632/video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-lobectomy-in-patients-with-reduced-pulmonary-function-a-single-center-series
#12
Alessandro Bertani, Paolo Albino Ferrari, Lavinia De Monte, Emanuele Russo, Gioacchino Di Paola
Video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) is currently considered a 'gold standard' approach for pulmonary lobectomy in patients with early-stage lung cancer, displaying equal or superior results compared with an open traditional approach. In patients with limited pulmonary function, VATS lobectomy may reduce the impact of surgery and allow outcomes similar to patients with normal pulmonary function. The preliminary analysis of our initial, single center series of VATS lobectomy showed less complications and shorter postoperative length of stay compared with a historical series of open lobectomy patients...
November 3, 2016: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803121/new-onset-atrial-fibrillation-after-anatomic-lung-resection-predictive-factors-treatment-and-follow-up-in-a-uk-thoracic-centre
#13
Megan Garner, Tom Routledge, Juliet E King, John E Pilling, Lukacs Veres, Karen Harrison-Phipps, Andrea Bille, Leanne Harling
OBJECTIVES: Postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) increases morbidity, hospital stay and healthcare expenditure. This study aims to determine the perioperative factors correlating with POAF as well as to evaluate both treatment strategies and AF persistence beyond discharge. METHODS: The records of all patients undergoing anatomical lung resection over a 1-year period were retrospectively reviewed. Patients with a history of arrhythmia were excluded. POAF was defined by clinical diagnosis and electrocardiography...
November 1, 2016: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794405/robot-assisted-surgery-for-lung-cancer-state-of-the-art-and-perspectives
#14
REVIEW
Giulia Veronesi, Pierluigi Novellis, Emanuele Voulaz, Marco Alloisio
The robotic surgical system is the result of a long process of development aimed at producing a natural extension of the surgeon's eyes and hands via the intermediation of a computer. In this way, the ease of movement obtained with open surgery is summated with the advantages of the minimally invasive technique. Since 2000, when the first robotic system for surgery was introduced, robot-assisted thoracic surgery (RATS) has been adopted by an increasing number of centres around the world, and today is used in ∼10% of lobectomies in the US...
November 2016: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790715/the-impact-of-resection-method-and-patient-factors-on-quality-of-life-among-stage-ia-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-surgical-patients
#15
Rebecca M Schwartz, Rowena Yip, Raja M Flores, Ingram Olkin, Emanuela Taioli, Claudia Henschke
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Given the increased number of treatment options for stage IA lung cancer patients, there is a growing body of literature that focuses on comparing each option's relative impact on quality of life (QoL). The current study seeks to further understand the differences in these patients' QoL according to surgical approach. METHODS: Screening-diagnosed first primary pathologic stage IA non-small-cell lung cancer surgical patients from the I-ELCAP cohort who answered a baseline and 1-year follow-up QoL questionnaire (SF-12) were included in the analysis...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779897/decreased-in-hospital-mortality-after-lobectomy-using-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-compared-to-open-thoracotomy
#16
Hem Desai, Bhupinder Natt, Samuel Kim, Christian Bime
RATIONALE: There is a paucity of data regarding the optimal surgical approach for lung lobectomy. Lobectomy performed by video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) has been associated with lower morbidity as compared to thoracotomy. However, no multicenter studies have shown improved mortality with VATS lobectomy compared to open surgical lobectomy. OBJECTIVES: We used the United States Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Nationwide Inpatient Sample (HCUP-NIS) database from 2009 to 2012 to compare VATS versus open lobectomy for in-hospital mortality and other short-term outcomes...
October 25, 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766782/comparison-of-three-dimensional-and-two-dimensional-visualization-in-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-lobectomy
#17
Song Dong, Xue-Ning Yang, Wen-Zhao Zhong, Qiang Nie, Ri-Qiang Liao, Jun-Tao Lin, Yi-Long Wu
BACKGROUND: Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy has emerged as a safe and effective technique for treating early-stage lung cancer. Novel three-dimensional, high-definition (3D HD) imaging has removed this technical obstacle and is increasingly used in laparoscopic surgery. We compared our initial experience of 3D HD VATS with standard two-dimensional (2D) HD VATS to identify the advantages and disadvantages of 3D HD visualization in VATS. METHODS: The data of consecutive patients diagnosed with lung cancer who underwent 2D or 3D thoracoscopic lobectomy or bilobectomy at the Guangdong Lung Cancer Institute from July 2013 to October 2014 were retrospectively analyzed...
September 2016: Thoracic Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766198/igg4-related-lung-disease-extending-to-the-thoracic-vertebrae
#18
Alexandros Stamatopoulos, Davide Patrini, Efstratios Koletsis, Elaine Borg, Reena Khiroya, Martin Hayward, David Lawrence, Nikolaos Panagiotopoulos
IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a fibroinflammatory condition that can affect practically every organ. Although it was first identified in pancreas and salivary glands, major organs like liver, biliary tree, kidney, thyroid glands and lungs are commonly involved, sometimes resulting in organ failure. We describe a case of an 41-year-old man presented with back pain after a rotator cuff injury. A Computed Tomography (CT) revealed incidentally a right lower lobe paravertebral lesion extending across the T5 and T6 vertebral levels and invading into the adjacent pleural surface...
2016: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764965/safety-of-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-lobectomy-for-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-in-a-low-volume-unit
#19
Marcello Migliore, Alessandra Criscione, Damiano Calvo, Francesco Borrata, Marco Nardini, Paola Di Masi, Mariapia Gangemi, Francesco Scalieri
Several studies have demonstrated that for complex surgical procedures, surgeons who treat more patients have better outcomes than their lower-volume counterparts. The aim of this paper is to review the experience with video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) lobectomies in our small thoracic unit (group A), to understand whether our short-term results were different to the outcomes obtained by the same surgeon previously working in a high-volume unit (group B). Twenty six patients underwent VATS lobectomy. Hospital stay was on average 4...
October 21, 2016: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760602/-effects-of-vats-lobectomy-vats-anatomic-segmentectomy-and-open-thoracotomy-on-pulmonary-function-of-patients-with-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#20
Yanjiao Zhang, Yushun Gao
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer is a malignancy with high morbidity and mortality rates worldwide. Surgery is the preferred treatment for non-small cell lung cancer. This study aims to investigate the effects of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy, VATS segmentectomy, and open thoracotomy on pulmonary function in the early postoperative stage and compare the difference among three groups. METHODS: Pulmonary function data of patients were collected from September 2015 to February 2016 in Department of Thoracic Surgical Oncology, Cancer Hospital Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences...
October 20, 2016: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
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