keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Hypoventilation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214105/gender-differences-in-patients-starting-long-term-home-mechanical-ventilation-due-to-obesity-hypoventilation-syndrome
#1
Andreas Palm, Bengt Midgren, Christer Janson, Eva Lindberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210319/physiology-of-respiratory-disturbances-in-muscular-dystrophies
#2
Antonella Lo Mauro, Andrea Aliverti
: Muscular dystrophy is a group of inherited myopathies characterised by progressive skeletal muscle wasting, including of the respiratory muscles. Respiratory failure, i.e. when the respiratory system fails in its gas exchange functions, is a common feature in muscular dystrophy, being the main cause of death, and it is a consequence of lung failure, pump failure or a combination of the two. The former is due to recurrent aspiration, the latter to progressive weakness of respiratory muscles and an increase in the load against which they must contract...
December 2016: Breathe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202896/effect-of-mild-hypercapnia-on-lung-oxygenation-in-sitting-position-during-shoulder-arthroscopy-under-general-anesthesia
#3
Hyun Jeong Kwak, Ji Yeon Lee, Jong Wha Lee, Hong Soon Kim, Ho Jin Hur, Ji Young Kim
BACKGROUND Mild hypercapnia is permitted during surgeries in sitting position under general anesthesia to maintain cerebral regional oxygen saturation (rSO2). However, since hypoventilation may cause gas exchange impairment, we evaluated effects of mild hypercapnia on lung oxygenation during shoulder arthroscopy in sitting position. MATERIAL AND METHODS Forty patients were randomly allocated to a normocapnia group (ETCO2 35 mmHg, n=20) or a hypercapnia group (45 mmHg, n=20). The mean arterial pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR), and rSO2 were measured 5 min after intubation in supine position (T0), and at 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, and 60 min of remaining in sitting position (T1-10)...
February 16, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178959/il-8-predicts-early-mortality-in-patients-with-acute-hypercapnic-respiratory-failure-treated-with-noninvasive-positive-pressure-ventilation
#4
Brynja Jónsdóttir, Åsa Jaworowski, Carmen San Miguel, Olle Melander
BACKGROUND: Patients with Acute Hypercapnic Respiratory Failure (AHRF) who are unresponsive to appropriate medical treatment, are often treated with Noninvasive Positive Pressure Ventilation (NPPV). Clinical predictors of the outcome of this treatment are scarce. Therefore, we evaluated the role of the biomarkers IL-8 and GDF-15 in predicting 28-day mortality in patients with AHRF who receive treatment with NPPV. METHODS: The study population were 46 patients treated with NPPV for AHRF...
February 8, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177565/the-impact-of-capnography-monitoring-among-children-and-adolescents-in-the-postanesthesia-care-unit-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Melissa L Langhan, Fang-Yong Li, J Lance Lichtor
BACKGROUND: Pulse oximetry does not reliably recognize respiratory depression, particularly in the presence of supplemental oxygen. Capnography frequently detects hypoventilation and apnea among children recovering from anesthesia. Although children are routinely monitored with capnography during anesthesia, reducing the rate of adverse events, it is not routinely used in the postanesthesia care unit (PACU), where patients remain at risk for respiratory depression. AIM: We hypothesized that children monitored with capnography would have more frequent staff interventions and fewer adverse events than children monitored with pulse oximetry alone...
February 8, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165859/exercise-induced-hypoxemia-in-juvenile-thyroid-carcinoma-with-lung-metastases
#6
Florian J Segerer, Johannes Biko, Christoph Reiners, Clemens Wirth, Helge Hebestreit
PURPOSE: Exercise-induced arterial hypoxemia (EIAH) has been reported in patients with juvenile thyroid cancer treated with radioiodine for lung metastases. This retrospective study tested the hypothesis that EIAH is due to ventilation-perfusion-mismatch in this rare pulmonary condition. METHOD: 50 patients (age 13 -23 years) treated for juvenile thyroid carcinoma and lung metastasis with 131I and 24 controls with thyroid cancer but without lung metastases and prior 131I-treatment were assessed in a state of acute hypothyroidism by computed tomography of the lungs, pulmonary function testing, cardiopulmonary exercise test with measurements of gas exchange, oxygen saturation, alveolar-arterial difference in pO2 (p(A-a)O2) and pCO2 (p(ET-a)CO2)...
February 6, 2017: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159100/social-and-economic-impacts-of-managing-sleep-hypoventilation-syndromes
#7
REVIEW
Dianne M Augelli, Ana C Krieger
Hypoventilation during sleep is often an early indicator of the development of respiratory failure. Alterations in ventilation are more pronounced during sleep and often present before the onset of daytime symptoms. This article discusses the most common sleep-related hypoventilatory disorders and recommended treatment approaches for obesity hypoventilation, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and neuromuscular disorders. Accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment is of paramount importance because of the impact on individual health outcomes and overall cost of health care delivery...
March 2017: Sleep Medicine Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153460/prognostic-value-of-nocturnal-hypoventilation-in-neuromuscular-patients
#8
David Orlikowski, Helene Prigent, Maria-Antonia Quera Salva, Nicholas Heming, Cendrine Chaffaut, Sylvie Chevret, Djillali Annane, Frederic Lofaso, Adam Ogna
In neuromuscular disease (NMD) patients, current guidelines recommend the initiation of home mechanical ventilation (HMV) in case of daytime hypercapnia or nocturnal desaturation as an indirect sign of hypoventilation. Transcutaneous capno-oximetry (TcCO2) enables the direct assessment of nocturnal hypercapnia; however the best cut-off value remains to be defined. We aimed to compare the prognostic value of several published definitions of nocturnal hypercapnia in a cohort of NMD patients. All consecutive TcCO2 recordings performed between 2010 and 2014 in unventilated adult NMD patients in a tertiary reference centre were retrospectively collected...
December 21, 2016: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145930/combined-endoscopic-and-trans-palpebral-orbital-reconstruction-for-silent-sinus-syndrome
#9
Riccardo Tieghi, Nicola Malagutti, Luisa Valente, Giulia Carnevali, Luigi C Clauser
Silent Sinus Syndrome is defined as a painless spontaneous and progressive enophthalmos and hypoglobus with maxillary sinus hypoplasia and orbital floor resorption. It is caused by maxillary sinus atelectasis in a setting of ipsilateral chronic maxillary sinus hypoventilation. The syndrome was first described in 1964 by Montgomery, but the term "Silent Sinus Syndrome" was not coined until 1994 by Soparkar. The aetiology is still controversial: some authors postulate a basal hypoplastic sinus, other suggest an acquired process due to an obstruction of the ostium in the medium meatus...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139826/neonatal-nonepileptic-myoclonus-is-a-prominent-clinical-feature-of-kcnq2-gain-of-function-variants-r201c-and-r201h
#10
Sarah B Mulkey, Bruria Ben-Zeev, Joost Nicolai, John L Carroll, Sabine Grønborg, Yong-Hui Jiang, Nishtha Joshi, Megan Kelly, David A Koolen, Mohamad A Mikati, Kristen Park, Phillip L Pearl, Ingrid E Scheffer, Rebecca C Spillmann, Maurizio Taglialatela, Silvia Vieker, Sarah Weckhuysen, Edward C Cooper, Maria Roberta Cilio
OBJECTIVE: To analyze whether KCNQ2 R201C and R201H variants, which show atypical gain-of-function electrophysiologic properties in vitro, have a distinct clinical presentation and outcome. METHODS: Ten children with heterozygous, de novo KCNQ2 R201C or R201H variants were identified worldwide, using an institutional review board (IRB)-approved KCNQ2 patient registry and database. We reviewed medical records and, where possible, interviewed parents and treating physicians using a structured, detailed phenotype inventory focusing on the neonatal presentation and subsequent course...
January 31, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130492/cpap-or-non-invasive-ventilation-in-obesity-hypoventilation-syndrome-does-it-matter-which-one-you-start-with
#11
EDITORIAL
Julio R Noda, Juan F Masa, Babak Mokhlesi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 27, 2017: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127431/adult-onset-pompe-s-disease-presenting-with-insidious-hypercapnic-respiratory-failure
#12
Cara O'Callaghan, Robert Henderson, Philip Masel, George Tay, Benjamin Tsang
Orthopnoea is commonly attributed to heart failure but can be caused by diaphragm weakness, which, when severe, is often associated with hypercapnic respiratory failure. Bilateral diaphragm weakness is generally due to systemic nerve or muscle disease and usually occurs in the setting of severe generalized muscle weakness, but the diaphragm can be the initial or only muscle involved. Here, we report the case of a 39-year-old female who presented with slowly progressive orthopnoea and daytime somnolence. Pulmonary function studies and polysomnogram confirmed bilateral diaphragm weakness complicated by nocturnal hypoventilation and she was subsequently diagnosed with adult-onset Pompe's disease, a rare metabolic myopathy...
September 2016: Respirology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123647/phenotypic-contrasts-of-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-in-women-two-case-reports
#13
Karen T Nozoe, Ricardo T Akamine, Diego R Mazzotti, Daniel N Polesel, Luís F Grossklauss, Sergio Tufik, Monica L Andersen, Gustavo A Moreira
We discussed two cases of symptomatic female carriers to Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy. The first case is a 20 year-old girl with classical phenotypic manifestation of the disease, similar to the condition in boys. The case 2 is a 62 year-old woman with progressive muscular weakness. The disease is much less common in woman than men so both cases described here are considered rare forms of the disease, with several clinical implications. In both cases, a progressive muscle weakness, impairment in walking and sleeping was observed, in addition to obstructive sleep apnea syndrome and alveolar hypoventilation, that required noninvasive ventilatory support...
July 2016: Sleep Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121258/anti-nmda-receptor-antibody-positivity-and-presentations-without-seizure-involuntary-movement-hypoventilation-or-tumor-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#14
Bunta Yoshimura, Manabu Takaki
Patients with anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis may remain undiagnosed and untreated with immunotherapy. To investigate specific features and responses to immunotherapy of atypical anti-NMDAR antibody positivity patients, the authors reviewed and evaluated previous case reports/series including patients without seizure, involuntary movement, hypoventilation, or tumor. Of 22 patients identified, 21 responded to immunotherapy. Two patients had neurological/motor symptoms with few/no psychiatric/cognitive symptoms, and eight had both...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115003/normal-sleep-on-mechanical-ventilation-in-adult-patients-with-congenital-central-alveolar-hypoventilation-ondine-s-curse-syndrome
#15
Valérie Attali, Christian Straus, Michel Pottier, Marie-Annick Buzare, Capucine Morélot-Panzini, Isabelle Arnulf, Thomas Similowski
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to describe the sleep structure (especially slow wave sleep) in adults with congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS), a rare genetic disease due to mutations in the PHOX2B gene. Fourteen patients aged 23 (19.0; 24.8) years old (median [1(rst)-3rd quartiles]) with CCHS underwent a sleep interview and night-time attended polysomnography with their ventilatory support. Their sleep variables were compared to those collected in 15 healthy control subjects matched for age, sex and body mass index...
January 23, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114156/a-case-report-establishing-a-definitive-airway-in-a-trauma-patient-with-a-king-laryngeal-tube-in-situ-in-the-presence-of-a-closed-head-injury-and-difficult-airway-between-the-devil-and-the-deep-blue-sea
#16
Yuri Koumpan, John Murdoch, Jason A Beyea, Michael Kahn, Jaime Colbeck
Airway management in trauma is a crucial skill, because patients are at risk of aspiration, hypoxia, and hypoventilation, all of which may be fatal in the setting of increased intracranial pressure. The King Laryngeal Tube reusable supraglottic airway (King Systems, Noblesville, IN) allows for temporary management of a difficult airway but poses a challenge when an attempt is made to exchange the device for an endotracheal tube, often managed by emergency tracheostomy. We describe a novel fiberoptic, video laryngoscope-assisted approach to intubation in a difficult trauma airway with an in situ King Laryngeal Tube...
January 20, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099321/preoxygenation-physiologic-basis-benefits-and-potential-risks
#17
Usharani Nimmagadda, M Ramez Salem, George J Crystal
Preoxygenation before anesthetic induction and tracheal intubation is a widely accepted maneuver, designed to increase the body oxygen stores and thereby delay the onset of arterial hemoglobin desaturation during apnea. Because difficulties with ventilation and intubation are unpredictable, the need for preoxygenation is desirable in all patients. During emergence from anesthesia, residual effects of anesthetics and inadequate reversal of neuromuscular blockade can lead to hypoventilation, hypoxemia, and loss of airway patency...
February 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092273/in-vivo-testing-of-extracorporeal-membrane-ventilators-ila-activve%C3%A2-vs-prototype-i-lung%C3%A2
#18
Sabine Kischkel, Stefan Bergt, Beate Brock, Johan von Grönheim, Anne Herbst, Marc-Jonas Epping, Georg Matheis, Esther Novosel, Joerg Schneider, Philipp Warnke, Andreas Podbielski, Jan P Roesner, Peter I Lelkes, Brigitte Vollmar
A side-by-side comparison of the decarboxylation efficacy of two pump-driven veno-venous extracorporeal lung assist devices, i.e. a first prototype of the new miniaturized ambulatory extracorporeal membrane ventilator, I-lung® versus the commercial system iLA-activve® over a period of 72 hours in a large animal model.Fifteen German Landrace pigs were anesthetized and underwent mechanical hypoventilation to induce severe hypercapnia. Decarboxylation was accomplished by either the I-lung® or the iLA-activve® via a double lumen catheter in the jugular vein...
January 4, 2017: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088804/monitoring-noninvasive-ventilation-in-patients-with-obesity-hypoventilation-syndrome-comparison-between-ventilator-built-in-software-and-respiratory-polygraphy
#19
Ramon Fernandez Alvarez, Claudio Rabec, Gemma Rubinos Cuadrado, Juan Alejandro Cascon Hernandez, Patricia Rodriguez, Marjolaine Georges, Pere Casan
BACKGROUND: Polygraphy (PG) remains the standard method of assessing noninvasive ventilation (NIV) effectiveness. Built-in software (BIS) of recent NIV equipment provides estimates of some ventilator parameters, but their usefulness is unclear. OBJECTIVES: To assess the reliability of BIS compared with PG in a cohort of obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS) patients on NIV. METHODS: Thirty stable OHS patients on NIV were evaluated in an outpatient setting with simultaneous PG and BIS recordings...
2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087753/acquired-central-hypoventilation-following-listeria-monocytogenes-rhombencephalitis
#20
Sandrine H Launois, Natalia Siyanko, Marie Joyeux-Faure, Renaud Tamisier, Jean-Louis Pepin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 13, 2017: Thorax
keyword
keyword
23077
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"