keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pediatric obsessive compulsive disorder

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501261/obsessive-compulsive-symptoms-and-quality-of-life-in-mothers-of-children-with-atopic-dermatitis
#1
S Gunduz, E Usak, S Ozen, C Gorpelioglu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Atopic dermatitis is one of the most common skin disorders in children and it can negatively affect both children and their families. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of atopic dermatitis on quality of life related to maternal health and maternal obsessive compulsive symptoms. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the pediatric and dermatology polyclinics. The SCORAD index was used for determining the severity of disease, and the Maudsley Obsessive Compulsive Inventory (MOCI) and SF-36 form were applied to the participants' mothers...
May 10, 2017: Actas Dermo-sifiliográficas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498087/an-expert-opinion-on-pandas-pans-highlights-and-controversies
#2
Francesca Chiarello, Silvia Spitoni, Eric Hollander, Marco Matucci Cerinic, Stefano Pallanti
OBJECTIVES: 'Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorders Associated with Streptococcal Infections' (PANDAS) identified a unique subgroup of patients with abrupt onset of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) symptoms clinically related to Streptococcus infection and accompanied by neuropsychological and motor symptoms. After almost 20 years, PANDAS has not been accepted as distinct disorder and new criteria for paediatric acute-onset neuropsychiatric syndrome (PANS) have been replaced it, highlighting the fact that several agents rather than only Streptococcus might be involved...
February 13, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451624/tics-in-the-pediatric-population-pragmatic-management
#3
REVIEW
Christos Ganos, Davide Martino, Tamara Pringsheim
BACKGROUND: Primary tic disorders, notably Tourette syndrome, are very common movement disorders in childhood. However, the management of such patients still poses great therapeutic challenges to medical professionals. METHODS: Based on a synthesis of the available guidelines published in Europe, Canada, and the United States, coupled with more recent therapeutic developments, the authors provide a pragmatic guide to aid clinicians in deciding when and how to treat patients who have primary tic disorders...
March 2017: Movement Disorders Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431305/cognitive-behavioral-high-parental-involvement-treatments-for-pediatric-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Marina Iniesta-Sepúlveda, Ana I Rosa-Alcázar, Julio Sánchez-Meca, José L Parada-Navas, Ángel Rosa-Alcázar
A meta-analysis on the efficacy of cognitive-behavior-family treatment (CBFT) on children and adolescents with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) was accomplished. The purposes of the study were: (a) to estimate the effect magnitude of CBFT in ameliorating obsessive-compulsive symptoms and reducing family accommodation on pediatric OCD and (b) to identify potential moderator variables of the effect sizes. A literature search enabled us to identify 27 studies that fulfilled our selection criteria. The effect size index was the standardized pretest-postest mean change index...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422636/impact-of-pans-and-pandas-exacerbations-on-occupational-performance-a-mixed-methods-study
#5
Janice Trigilio Tona, Sutanuka Bhattacharjya, Denise Calaprice
OBJECTIVE: Pediatric acute-onset neuropsychiatric syndrome (PANS) includes pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infections and involves sudden-onset neuropsychiatric symptoms, including obsessions, compulsions, sensory difficulties, and dysgraphia after infection or other triggers. Our objective was to identify problems with areas of occupation, body functions, and performance skills during exacerbations. METHOD: In this online retrospective study, based on the Occupational Therapy Practice Framework: Domain and Process (2nd ed...
May 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412602/secondary-outcomes-from-the-pediatric-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-treatment-study-ii
#6
Christine A Conelea, Robert R Selles, Kristen G Benito, Michael M Walther, Jason T Machan, Abbe M Garcia, Jeffrey Sapyta, Sarah Morris, Martin Franklin, Jennifer B Freeman
The Pediatric Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Treatment Study II (POTS II) investigated the benefit of serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SRI) augmentation with cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). Primary outcomes focused on OCD symptom change and indicated benefit associated with a full course of CBT. Given that the majority of youth with OCD suffer from significant comorbid symptoms and impaired quality of life, the current study examined POTS II data for effects on secondary outcomes. Participants were 124 youth ages 7-17 years with a primary diagnosis of OCD who were partial responders to an adequate SRI trial...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409563/glutamate-in-pediatric-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-and-response-to-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Joseph O'Neill, John Piacentini, Susanna Chang, Ronald Ly, Tsz M Lai, Casey C Armstrong, Lindsey Bergman, Michelle Rozenman, Tara Peris, Allison Vreeland, Ross Mudgway, Jennifer G Levitt, Noriko Salamon, Stefan Posse, Gerhard S Hellemann, Jeffry R Alger, James T McCracken, Erika L Nurmi
Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is effective for pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), but non-response is common. Brain glutamate (Glu) signaling may contribute to OCD pathophysiology and moderate CBT outcomes. We assessed whether Glu measured with magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) was associated with OCD and/or CBT response. Youths aged 8-17 with DSM-IV OCD and typically-developing controls underwent 3T proton echo-planar spectroscopic imaging (PEPSI) MRS scans of pregenual anterior cingulate cortex (pACC) and ventral posterior cingulate cortex (vPCC)-regions possibly affected by OCD-at baseline...
April 14, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407363/de-novo-unbalanced-translocation-4p-duplication-8p-deletion-in-a-patient-with-autism-ocd-and-overgrowth-syndrome
#8
Angela Sagar, Dalila Pinto, Fedra Najjar, Stephen J Guter, Carol Macmillan, Edwin H Cook
Chromosomal abnormalities, such as unbalanced translocations and copy number variants (CNVs), are found in autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) [Sanders et al. () Neuron 70: 863-885]. Many chromosomal abnormalities, including sub microscopic genomic deletions and duplications, are missed by G-banded karyotyping or Fragile X screening alone and are picked up by chromosomal microarrays [Shen et al. () Pediatrics 125: e727-735]. Translocations involving chromosomes 4 and 8 are possibly the second most frequent translocation in humans and are often undetected in routine cytogenetics [Giglio et al...
April 13, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375695/outpatient-treatment-patterns-of-pediatric-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#9
Joseph L Smith, Nicole M McBride, Eric A Storch
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about community physician treatment practices for children with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). This study is the first to describe the treatment of pediatric OCD in office-based and outpatient department-based physicians in the United States. METHODS: Data from the 2003-2011 National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey and the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey were used. We provided descriptive statistics for sample characteristics and treatments administered during the visit, and examined differences in treatment by comorbid conditions and settings using logistic regression...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358599/a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-pilot-study-of-azithromycin-in-youth-with-acute-onset-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#10
Tanya K Murphy, Erin M Brennan, Carly Johnco, Ellisa Carla Parker-Athill, Branko Miladinovic, Eric A Storch, Adam B Lewin
OBJECTIVES: Sudden and severe onset of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) may present secondary to infectious and/or immune-mediated triggers. We assessed the preliminary efficacy, tolerability, and safety of azithromycin compared with placebo in the treatment of OCD and associated symptoms in children with pediatric acute-onset neuropsychiatric syndrome (PANS). METHODS: Thirty-one youth aged 4-14 years (M = 8.26 ± 2.78 years, 62.5% male) were randomized to receive either placebo or azithromycin for 4 weeks (10 mg/kg up to 500 mg per day)...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331505/fear-of-vomiting-and-low-body-weight-in-two-pediatric-patients-diagnostic-challenges
#11
Charlotte Maertens, Jennifer Couturier, Christina Grant, Natasha Johnson
Fear of vomiting can be a symptom associated with several disorders, including Eating Disorders (ED), Specific Phobia (Emetophobia), Avoidant Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID) and Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), making proper diagnosis challenging. At this time the literature exploring this symptom is limited, and to our knowledge very few cases have been described in the child and adolescent population. We report here the cases of one child and one adolescent presenting with significant weight loss, food restriction and fear of vomiting...
2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288328/case-control-exploratory-study-of-cerebrospinal-fluid-chemokines-cytokines-and-lymphocyte-subsets-in-childhood-tourette-syndrome-with-positive-streptococcal-markers
#12
Michael R Pranzatelli, Elizabeth D Tate, Tyler J Allison
A longstanding question is whether neuroinflammation is present in children symptomatic for Tourette syndrome (TS) with positive streptococcal serology and throat cultures. The objective was to directly test for it using modern hypothesis-driven approaches. Profiling studies for 14 immune cell types (flow cytometry), 7 chemokines/cytokines (ELISA), oligoclonal bands, and other immunoglobulins were performed in this IRB-approved study of 5 children with TS and streptococcal markers compared to data from 26 non-inflammatory pediatric neurological controls...
March 10, 2017: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253735/antidepressant-efficacy-for-depression-in-children-and-adolescents-industry-and-nimh-funded-studies
#13
John T Walkup
Significant controversy surrounds the efficacy of the newer antidepressants for children and adolescents with depression. The controversy largely hinges on meta-analyses of studies that suggest that antidepressants are minimally effective, not effective, or equivalent to placebo. In this review, the author discusses several scientific and clinical complexities that are important to understand in reviewing the antidepressant literature: the strengths and weaknesses of meta-analyses; the scientific and regulatory context for the large number of antidepressant trials in the late 1990s and early 2000s; and the distinction between a negative trial, where the treatment does not demonstrate efficacy, and a failed trial, where methodological problems make it impossible to draw any conclusion about efficacy...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219490/a-multisite-study-of-family-functioning%C3%A2-impairment-in-pediatric-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#14
S Evelyn Stewart, Yu-Pei Hu, Aldrich Leung, Elaine Chan, Dianne M Hezel, Sarah Yao Lin, Laura Belschner, Casey Walsh, Daniel A Geller, David L Pauls
OBJECTIVE: Familial aspects of pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), including accommodation and treatment, have received notable and warranted attention. However, individual perspectives of its repercussions on family functioning, including emotional and occupational parental burden, have not been closely examined. The present study details this topic using a large multicenter sample. METHOD: Participants included 354 youth affected with OCD and their mothers and fathers ascertained through OCD programs in Boston, Massachusetts (n = 180) and Vancouver, British Columbia (n = 174)...
March 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207912/fear-conditioning-and-extinction-in-pediatric-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#15
Daniel A Geller, Joseph F McGuire, Scott P Orr, Daniel S Pine, Jennifer C Britton, Brent J Small, Tanya K Murphy, Sabine Wilhelm, Eric A Storch
BACKGROUND: Fear acquisition and extinction are central constructs in the cognitive-behavioral model of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), which underlies exposure-based cognitive-behavioral therapy. Youths with OCD may have impairments in fear acquisition and extinction that carry treatment implications. METHODS: Eighty youths (39 OCD, 41 healthy controls [HC]) completed clinical interviews, rating scales, and a differential conditioning task that included habituation, acquisition, and extinction phases...
February 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151703/the-child-behavior-checklist-obsessive-compulsive-subscale-detects-severe-psychopathology-and-behavioral-problems-among-school-aged-children
#16
Laura O Saad, Maria C do Rosario, Raony C Cesar, Marcelo C Batistuzzo, Marcelo Q Hoexter, Gisele G Manfro, Roseli G Shavitt, James F Leckman, Eurípedes C Miguel, Pedro G Alvarenga
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were (1) to assess obsessive-compulsive symptoms (OCS) dimensionally in a school-aged community sample and to correlate them with clinical and demographical variables; (2) to determine a subgroup with significant OCS ("at-risk for OCD") using the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL-OCS) and (3) to compare it with the rest of the sample; (4) To review the CBCL-OCS subscale properties as a screening tool for pediatric OCD. METHODS: Data from the Brazilian High Risk Cohort were analyzed...
May 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141723/anxiety-associated-with-asthma-exacerbations-and-overuse-of-medication-the-role-of-cultural-competency
#17
Yousuke T Horikawa, Tina Y Udaka, Janet K Crow, John I Takayama, Martin T Stein
Toshi, a 14-year-old Japanese boy, had uncontrolled asthma after relocating from Japan with his family 1 year ago. In Japan, he was diagnosed with moderate, persistent asthma, which was controlled with salmeterol and albuterol on an as needed basis. Since moving to the United States, Toshi complained of frequent dyspnea.Initially, he was seen by a Japanese physician who prescribed 200 mg of fluticasone 3 times a day and albuterol nebulization as needed. When Toshi came to the Pediatric Primary Care Clinic, he reported using his nebulizer up to 25 times daily...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141709/a-9-year-old-girl-with-persistent-obsessive-and-compulsive-behaviors-in-a-primary-care-pediatric-practice
#18
Lauren Gist, Carol Mathews, Katherine N Williams, Martin T Stein
Chloe is a 9-year-old gal whose mother made an initial visit to a new pediatrician for concerns about her behavior. Chloe is apprehensive about the visit and frequently hides behind her mother.Her parents first noticed Chloe becoming angry and more emotional 3 years ago, which her parents did not initially understand. However, over the past year, she has started to have more worries and unusual behavior.Chloe and her mother report that when she walks through doorways, she will almost always go back and walks through again...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121463/prevalence-of-acute-onset-subtypes-in-pediatric-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#19
Fern Jaspers-Fayer, Sang Hun Jerry Han, Elaine Chan, Katherine McKenney, Annie Simpson, Andrea Boyle, Rhonda Ellwyn, S Evelyn Stewart
BACKGROUND: Pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a common, debilitating illness. When childhood OCD symptom onset is described as acute and severe, diagnostic criteria for pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infections (PANDAS) and pediatric acute-onset neuropsychiatric syndrome (PANS) should be considered. However, the frequency and differentiating features of these putative syndromes within pediatric OCD remain poorly understood...
May 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090807/neurocognitive-function-in-pediatric-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#20
Daniel A Geller, Amitai Abramovitch, Andrew Mittelman, Abigail Stark, Kesley Ramsey, Allison Cooperman, Lee Baer, S Evelyn Stewart
OBJECTIVES: The small body of neuropsychological research in pediatric OCD yields inconsistent results. A recent meta-analysis found small effect sizes, concluding that pediatric OCD may not be associated with cognitive impairments, stressing the need for more research. We investigated neuropsychological performance in a large sample of OCD youth, while assessing potential moderators. METHODS: Participants with OCD (n = 102), and matched controls (n = 161) were thoroughly screened and blindly evaluated for comorbidities, and completed a neuropsychological battery assessing processing-speed, visuospatial abilities (VSA), working memory (WM), nonverbal memory (NVM), and executive functions (EF)...
January 16, 2017: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
keyword
keyword
23074
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"