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Avoidant restrictive food intake

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927804/phagophobia-successfully-treated-with-low-dose-aripiprazole-in-an-adolescent-a-case-report
#1
Rukiye Çolak Sivri, Hayriye Hizarcioğlu Gülşen, Arzu Yilmaz
Phagophobia is a condition characterized by an avoidance of swallowing foods and an intense fear of choking while eating solid foods in the absence of physiological and anatomical abnormalities. Phagophobia is mentioned in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition and International Classification of Diseases, 11th Edition in the new diagnostic category of avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder. The literature concerning phagophobia is sparse, and there is no specific treatment modality for this life-threatening condition...
June 20, 2018: Clinical Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913226/evaluating-anhedonia-in-the-activity-based-anorexia-aba-rat-model
#2
Laura K Milton, Brian J Oldfield, Claire J Foldi
Patients suffering anorexia nervosa (AN) become anhedonic, in other words, unable or unwilling to derive normal pleasures and avoid rewarding outcomes, most profoundly in food intake. The neurobiological underpinnings of anhedonia are likely to involve mesolimbic reward circuitry. We propose here that this circuitry and its involvement in AN can be investigated using the activity-based anorexia (ABA) rodent model that recapitulates many of the characteristics of the human condition, most notably rapid weight loss...
June 15, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898236/diagnosis-and-evaluation-of-eating-disorders-in-the-pediatric-patient
#3
Briana Sacco, Urszula Kelley
Recognizing eating disorders in the pediatric population can be challenging for outpatient providers. With the high prevalence of these disorders in children and adolescents, it is critical that pediatricians recognize these disorders and connect these children and families with available treatments. This article provides a review of the current diagnostic criteria for pica, rumination disorder, anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, avoidant restrictive food intake disorder, binge-eating disorder, other specified feeding or eating disorder, and unspecified feeding or eating disorder as described in The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth edition...
June 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29847308/a-cross-sectional-study-of-nutritional-status-diet-and-dietary-restrictions-among-persons-with-an-ileostomy-or-colostomy
#4
Ana Lívia de Oliveira, Ana Paula Boroni Moreira, Michele Pereira Netto, Isabel Cristina Gonçalves Leite
Little is known about the nutritional status and dietary habits of persons with an intestinal stoma, and no specific dietary guidelines have been established. A cross-sectional study was conducted among patients of a Stoma Patient Health Care Service in Juiz de Fora, Brazil, to compare the nutritional status of persons with an ileostomy or colostomy and to evaluate which foods are avoided most frequently and why. Anthropometric measurements (weight, height, arm circumference, and triceps and subscapular skinfold thickness) and body fat were assessed...
May 2018: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29812956/buspirone-treatment-of-anxiety-in-an-adolescent-female-with-avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder
#5
Nnenna Kalaya Okereke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 29, 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738782/pathological-and-non-pathological-variants-of-restrictive-eating-behaviors-in-middle-childhood-a-latent-class-analysis
#6
Ricarda Schmidt, Mandy Vogel, Andreas Hiemisch, Wieland Kiess, Anja Hilbert
Although restrictive eating behaviors are very common during early childhood, their precise nature and clinical correlates remain unclear. Especially, there is little evidence on restrictive eating behaviors in older children and their associations with children's shape concern. The present population-based study sought to delineate subgroups of restrictive eating patterns in N = 799 7-14 year old children. Using Latent Class Analysis, children were classified based on six restrictive eating behaviors (for example, picky eating, food neophobia, and eating-related anxiety) and shape concern, separately in three age groups...
May 5, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736239/clinical-and-psychological-features-of-children-and-adolescents-diagnosed-with-avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder-in-a-pediatric-tertiary-care-eating-disorder-program-a-descriptive-study
#7
Megan Cooney, Melissa Lieberman, Tim Guimond, Debra K Katzman
Background: Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID) is an eating disorder first described in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5) [American Psychiatric Association, Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 2013]. Patients with ARFID do not fear gaining weight or have body image distortions. ARFID involves a persistent disturbance in feeding and eating that results in an inability to meet nutritional and/or energy needs with one of the following: weight loss or failure to achieve appropriate weight gain, nutritional deficiency, dependence on enteral feeding or nutritional supplements and significant interference with psychosocial functioning...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675593/prevalence-of-pica-and-rumination-behaviors-in-german-children-aged-7-14-and-their-associations-with-feeding-eating-and-general-psychopathology-a-population-based-study
#8
Andrea S Hartmann, Tanja Poulain, Mandy Vogel, Andreas Hiemisch, Wieland Kiess, Anja Hilbert
Despite potentially severe medical consequences of pica and rumination disorder (RD), little is known about their prevalence and association with other psychopathology in childhood. As a part of a larger population-based study, 804 children aged 7-14 years and their parents were asked about their experience of pica and RD behaviors, and associated eating, feeding and general psychopathology. A total of 12.31 and 11.49% of the participants reported having engaged in pica or RD behaviors, respectively, at least once...
April 19, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575696/food-restriction-is-required-to-preserve-the-antisteatotic-effects-of-central-leptin-in-the-liver-of-middle-aged-rats
#9
Virginia López, Elena Bonzón-Kulichenko, Eduardo Moltó, Teresa Fernández-Agulló, Carmen Arribas, Antonio Andrés, Nilda Gallardo
OBJECTIVE: Aging is a significant risk factor for the development of obesity and hepatic steatosis associated with insulin and leptin resistance. Food restriction (FR) is commonly used for reducing body weight (BW), adiposity, and liver steatosis. Thus, this study aimed to determine whether FR in middle-aged rats can recover the central leptin antisteatotic effects observed in the liver in young animals. METHODS: Two groups of 4-month-old Wistar rats were fed ad libitum (AL) or were on FR for 3 months...
May 2018: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567265/estrogen-receptor-%C3%AE-activation-within-dorsal-raphe-nucleus-reverses-anxiety-like-behavior-induced-by-food-restriction-in-female-rats
#10
Glenda Viggiano Campos, Sylvana Rendeiro de Noronha, Aline Arlindo de Souza, Paulo Marcelo Lima, Aline Rezende Abreu, Deoclecio Chianca-Jr, Rodrigo Cunha de Menezes
Severe food restriction (FR), as observed in disorders like anorexia nervosa, has been associated to the reduction of estrogen levels, which in turn could lead to anxiety development. Estrogen receptors, mainly ERβ type, are commonly found in the dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) neurons, an important nucleus related to anxiety modulation and the primary source of serotonin (5-HT) in the brain. Taking together, these findings suggest an involvement of estrogen in anxiety modulation during food restriction, possibly mediated by ERβ activation in serotonergic DRN neurons...
March 19, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556949/more-sugar-no-thank-you-the-elusive-nature-of-low-carbohydrate-diets
#11
REVIEW
Dario Giugliano, Maria Ida Maiorino, Giuseppe Bellastella, Katherine Esposito
In the past decades, dietary guidelines focused on reducing saturated fat as the primary strategy for cardiovascular disease prevention, neglecting the many other potential effects of diet on health, in particular the harmful effects of sugar. A greater intake of soft drinks (sugar-sweetened beverages), for example, is associated with a 44% increased prevalence of metabolic syndrome, a higher risk of obesity, and a 26% increased risk of developing diabetes mellitus. Carbohydrates comprise around 55% of the typical western diet, ranging from 200 to 350 g/day in relation to a person's overall caloric intake...
March 19, 2018: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529472/construct-validity-and-parent-child-agreement-of-the-six-new-or-modified-disorders-included-in-the-spanish-version-of-the-kiddie-schedule-for-affective-disorders-and-schizophrenia-present-and-lifetime-version-dsm-5-k-sads-pl-5
#12
Francisco R de la Peña, Marcos F Rosetti, Andrés Rodríguez-Delgado, Lino R Villavicencio, Juan D Palacio, Cecilia Montiel, Pablo A Mayer, Fernando J Félix, Marcela Larraguibel, Laura Viola, Silvia Ortiz, Sofía Fernández, Aurora Jaímes, Miriam Feria, Liz Sosa, Lino Palacios-Cruz, Rosa E Ulloa
Changes to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders fifth edition (DSM-5) incorporate the inclusion or modification of six disorders: Autism Spectrum Disorder, Social Anxiety Disorder, Intermittent Explosive Disorder, Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder, Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder and Binge Eating Disorder. The objectives of this study were to assess the construct validity and parent-child agreement of these six disorders in the Spanish language Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School Age Children Present and Lifetime Version (K-SADS-PL-5) in a clinical population of children and adolescents from Latin America...
June 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513239/the-effect-of-time-between-curing-and-tea-immersion-on-composite-resin-discoloration
#13
Behnaz Esmaeili, Solaleh Afkhami, Faezeh Abolghasemzadeh
One common cause for the replacement of a composite restoration is discoloration. This in vitro study evaluated the effect of tea solution on the discoloration of 3 types of composites at different timepoints after curing. For this study, 150 disc-shaped specimens of 3 types of composite resin-a nanohybrid (Filtek Z350), a microhybrid (Filtek Z250), and a microfilled material (Heliomolar)-were prepared. Specimens were randomly divided into 5 subgroups (n = 10) according to the type of composite and the time from curing to immersion in a tea solution (none [immersed immediately], 1 hour, 6 hours, 12 hours, or 24 hours postcuring)...
March 2018: General Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493804/outcomes-of-low-weight-patients-with-avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder-and-anorexia-nervosa-at-long-term-follow-up-after-treatment-in-a-partial-hospitalization-program-for-eating-disorders
#14
Amanda E Bryson, Anna M Scipioni, Jamal H Essayli, Johnna R Mahoney, Rollyn M Ornstein
OBJECTIVE: To assess long-term outcomes of patients with avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) treated in a partial hospitalization program (PHP) for eating disorders (ED). METHOD: A cross-sectional study comparing patients with ARFID to those with anorexia nervosa (AN) who had been discharged from a PHP for at least 12 months was performed. Percent median body mass index (%MBMI), scores on the Children's Eating Attitudes Test (ChEAT), and treatment utilization were assessed, with intake and discharge data collected via retrospective chart review...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399331/eating-disorders-in-children-is-avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder-a-feeding-disorder-or-an-eating-disorder-and-what-are-the-implications-for-treatment
#15
REVIEW
Grace A Kennedy, Madeline R Wick, Pamela K Keel
Avoidant-restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) is a current diagnosis in the "Feeding and Eating Disorders" section of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (fifth edition) and captures a heterogeneous presentation of eating disturbances. In recent years, ARFID has been studied primarily within the context of eating disorders despite having historical roots as a feeding disorder. The following review examines ARFID's similarities with and differences from feeding disorders and eating disorders, focusing on research published within the last three years...
2018: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394459/treatment-of-co-occurring-food-avoidance-and-alcohol-use-disorder-in-an-adult-possible-avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder
#16
Eloisa Steen, Tracey D Wade
OBJECTIVE: This case report details the presentation and treatment of a 42-year-old male self-presenting for treatment who reported having been a restrictive eater since childhood; since adolescence he had failed to meet appropriate nutritional intake with one meal at night followed by around 10-20 standard alcoholic drinks. METHOD: Ten sessions of cognitive behavioral therapy were offered emphasizing the need to adhere to regular eating patterns in conjunction with significant reduction of binge drinking...
April 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378295/a-multidimensional-approach-to-understanding-the-potential-risk-factors-and-covariates-of-adult-picky-eating
#17
Jordan M Ellis, Rebecca R Schenk, Amy T Galloway, Hana F Zickgraf, Rose Mary Webb, Denise M Martz
OBJECTIVE: Adult picky eating (PE) has received increased attention in the eating behavior literature due to its important association with adult avoidant-restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID). The current study tested a model of potential risk factors of adult PE behavior, including perceived early parental feeding practices. An exploratory model was also utilized to understand associations with different aspects of adult PE behaviors. METHODS: A sample of 1339 US adults recruited through Amazon's MTurk completed an online survey that included the recently developed Adult Picky Eating Questionnaire (APEQ), retrospective reports of parental feeding practices, and other measures of eating behavior and demographic variables...
June 1, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368448/low-carbohydrate-diets-may-increase-risk-of-neural-tube-defects
#18
Tania A Desrosiers, Anna Maria Siega-Riz, Bridget S Mosley, Robert E Meyer
BACKGROUND: Folic acid fortification significantly reduced the prevalence of neural tube defects (NTDs) in the United States. The popularity of "low carb" diets raises concern that women who intentionally avoid carbohydrates, thereby consuming fewer fortified foods, may not have adequate dietary intake of folic acid. METHODS: To assess the association between carbohydrate intake and NTDs, we analyzed data from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study from 1,740 mothers of infants, stillbirths, and terminations with anencephaly or spina bifida (cases), and 9,545 mothers of live born infants without a birth defect (controls) conceived between 1998 and 2011...
January 25, 2018: Birth Defects Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360438/is-there-a-role-of-h-2-s-in-mediating-health-span-benefits-of-caloric-restriction
#19
REVIEW
Li Theng Ng, Jan Gruber, Philip Keith Moore
Caloric restriction (CR) is a dietary regimen that aims to reduce the intake of total calories while maintaining adequate supply of key nutrients so as to avoid malnutrition. CR is one of only a small number of interventions that show promising outcomes on health span and lifespan across different species. There is growing interest in the development of compounds that might replicate CR-related benefits without actually restricting food intake. Hydrogen sulfide (H2 S) is produced inside the bodies of many animals, including humans, by evolutionarily conserved H2 S synthesizing enzymes...
March 2018: Biochemical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352665/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-cam-practices-and-dietary-patterns-in-children-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-in-singapore-and-malaysia
#20
Fangyi Ong, Way Seah Lee, Charlotte Lin, Ruey Terng Ng, Shin Yee Wong, Su Lin Lim, Seng Hock Quak, Marion Aw
BACKGROUND: The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has been associated with adverse effects and self-imposed dietary restrictions. The prevalence of its use in Asian children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is unknown. We aimed to determine the prevalence, types, and factors associated with the use of CAM among children with IBD from Singapore and Malaysia, and to ascertain if dietary restriction was prevalent in patients who used CAM. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in which parents of children with IBD attending two tertiary pediatric IBD referral centres in Singapore and Malaysia were interviewed...
December 26, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
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