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Avoidant restrictive food intake

Kaoru Seike, Michiko Nakazato, Hisashi Hanazawa, Toshiyuki Ohtani, Tomihisa Niitsu, Shin-Ichi Ishikawa, Atsuko Ayabe, Ryoko Otani, Kentaro Kawabe, Fumie Horiuchi, Shizuo Takamiya, Ryoichi Sakuta
BACKGROUND: The lowering of the age of onset and chronicity have been key problems related to eating disorders (EDs). As the proportion of teens in the estimated onset ages has increased, it has become important to detect students with EDs and to clarify how they can be supported. Though epidemiological surveys of Yogo teachers (school nurse/health science teachers) have been conducted to inquire about the number of such students, none of these were done according to ED type based on DSM-5...
2016: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
Seong Hee Kim, Jae Ho Lee, Sun Yung Ly
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Atopic dermatitis is one of the most common pediatric chronic inflammatory skin diseases, and certain food allergens and nutrients are closely related to the development and severity of atopic dermatitis. While avoidance of the causative foods is considered the mainstay of treatment, unverified excessive restriction might induce unnecessary limitations in the food intake, consequently leading to nutritional deficiencies and poor growth. This study aimed to identify the characteristics and nutrient intake status in children with atopic dermatitis and to investigate the effects of individualized nutrition intervention...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Jinan C Banna, Betsy Gilliland, Margaret Keefe, Dongping Zheng
BACKGROUND: Understanding views about what constitutes a healthy diet in diverse populations may inform design of culturally tailored behavior change interventions. The objective of this study was to describe perspectives on healthy eating among Chinese and American young adults and identify similarities and differences between these groups. METHODS: Chinese (n = 55) and American (n = 57) undergraduate students in Changsha, Hunan, China and Honolulu, Hawai'i, U...
September 26, 2016: BMC Public Health
Jordan M Ellis, Amy T Galloway, Rose Mary Webb, Denise M Martz
A brief multidimensional measure of adult picky eating (PE) behavior was developed using a large U.S. adult sample. In addition, the study explored associations between specific aspects of adult PE behavior and psychosocial impairment in effort to support the inclusion of adults in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders-Fifth Edition (DSM-5) avoidant-restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID). The study included 3 phases of qualitative and quantitative data collection. Participants were 1,663 U...
September 19, 2016: Psychological Assessment
Lucyna Ostrowska, Medard Lech, Ewa Stefańska, Marta Jastrzębska-Mierzyńska, Joanna Smarkusz
Obesity in women of reproductive age is a serious concern regarding reproductive health. In many cases of infertility in obese women, reduction of body weight may lead to spontaneous pregnancy, without the need for more specific methods of treatment. Bariatric surgery is safe and is the most effective method for body weight reduction in obese and very obese patients. In practice there are two bariatric techniques; gastric banding, which leads to weight loss through intake restriction, and gastric bypass, leads to weight loss through food malabsorption...
2016: Ginekologia Polska
Aaron J O'Sullivan, Sandrine Pigat, Cian O'Mahony, Michael J Gibney, Aideen I McKevitt
The choice of suitable normal foods is limited for individuals with particular medical conditions e.g. inborn errors of metabolism (phenylketonuria, PKU) or severe cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA). Patients may have dietary restrictions and exclusive or partial replacement of specific food groups with specially formulated products to meet particular nutrition requirements. Artificial sweeteners are used to improve the appearance and palatability of such food products to avoid food refusal and ensure dietary adherence...
September 9, 2016: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
Yoshikatsu Nakai, Kazuko Nin, Shun'ichi Noma, Satoshi Teramukai, Stephen A Wonderlich
OBJECTIVE: To assess and compare clinical symptoms and psychometric analysis of adult patients with avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) with those with anorexia nervosa (AN). METHOD: We completed a retrospective review of adult patients with a feeding and eating disorder assessed between 1990 and 2005 that qualified for a diagnosis of ARFID. Patients with ARFID were compared with those with AN, with respect to the demographics, clinical symptoms and psychometric analysis...
September 4, 2016: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
Ronan Thibault, Claude Pichard
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In the context of the worldwide obesity epidemic, bariatric surgery is the only therapy associated with a sustainable weight loss and to midterm prevention of obesity-related complications. However, nutritional and behavioral multidisciplinary medical preparation, as well as long-term postoperative nutritional follow-up, is strongly advised to avoid postoperative surgical, nutritional, or psychiatric complications. RECENT FINDINGS: Due to a long history of restrictive diets and large body weight fluctuations, preoperative nutritional assessment and correction of vitamin and trace elements deficiencies are mandatory...
November 2016: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
Aneta Michalska, Natalia Szejko, Andrzej Jakubczyk, Marcin Wojnar
AIM: The aim of this paper was to characterise nonspecific eating disorders (other than anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa). METHOD: The Medline database was searched for articles on nonspecific eating disorders. The following disorders were described: binge eating disorder (BED), pica, rumination disorder, avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder, night eating syndrome (NES), sleep-related eating disorder (SRED), bigorexia, orthorexia, focusing on diagnosis, symptoms, assessment, comorbidities, clinical implications and treatment...
2016: Psychiatria Polska
Erin H Sieke, Ellen S Rome
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to discuss the diagnosis, medical complications, and treatment of eating disorders as defined by the newly released Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, 5th edition. RECENT FINDINGS: With the introduction of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, 5th edition, the diagnostic criteria for anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa have been revised to better capture the varied presentations of patients with eating disorders...
October 2016: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Karen Tsai, Deepan Singh, Aaron Pinkhasov
Avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) is a diagnosis in diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders-5 (DSM-5) manifested by persistent failure to meet nutritional and/or energy needs. Pudendal nerve entrapment (PNE) often causes pelvic discomfort in addition to constipation and painful bowel movements. Current literature on ARFID is sparse and focuses on the pediatric and adolescent population. No association between PNE and ARFID has been described. We present a case of ARFID in an adult male with PNE resulting from subsequent scarring from testicular cancer surgery...
August 19, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Alexandra Pennell, Jennifer Couturier, Christina Grant, Natasha Johnson
There is a growing body of literature describing the development, clinical course, and treatment of avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID), a diagnostic category introduced in the DSM-5. However, information surrounding complex cases of ARFID involving coexisting medical and/or psychiatric disorders remains scarce. Here we report on two cases of young patients diagnosed concurrently with ARFID and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) who both experienced significant growth restriction following initiation of stimulant medication...
August 13, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Rebecca Mairs, Dasha Nicholls
Feeding and eating disorders (FEDs) are serious mental health disorders that cause impairments in physical health, development, cognition and psychosocial function and can go undetected for months or years. They are characterised by disturbed eating behaviour associated with concerns about weight and shape or by disinterest in food, phobic avoidance or avoidance due to sensory aspects of food. Restrictive forms of FEDs lead to significant weight loss requiring intervention. Without specific knowledge of these conditions, they can evade detection, delaying time to diagnosis and treatment and potentially influencing outcome...
June 28, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Laura Pimpin, Jason H Y Wu, Hila Haskelberg, Liana Del Gobbo, Dariush Mozaffarian
BACKGROUND: Dietary guidelines recommend avoiding foods high in saturated fat. Yet, emerging evidence suggests cardiometabolic benefits of dairy products and dairy fat. Evidence on the role of butter, with high saturated dairy fat content, for total mortality, cardiovascular disease, and type 2 diabetes remains unclear. We aimed to systematically review and meta-analyze the association of butter consumption with all-cause mortality, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes in general populations...
2016: PloS One
Tommy Cederholm, Mai-Lis Hellénius
By the food intake man is daily exposed to numerous chemical agents with impact on ageing and longevity. Over the last two centuries longevity in the affluent societies has increased by 2 years per decade. Improved food habits are important contributing factors.  Dietary patterns of populations with long life-spans, like the traditional Mediterranean diet and the Okinawa Island diet, provide the basis to recommend plant foods like vegetables, legumes, fruits, non-tropical vegetable oils as basic fat, light meat (e...
2016: Läkartidningen
Belgüzar Kara
PURPOSE: Thirst sensation can induce nonadherence with fluid restriction in patients on hemodialysis (HD) and may lead to large interdialytic weight gain (IWG). This study aimed to evaluate thirst distress and its determinants and to explore fluid management strategies used by patients on HD. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in a sample of 203 patients who were followed in three HD centers in Turkey, from January 2015 to June 2015. Data were collected by a personal information form, the Thirst Distress Scale (TDS) and the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) for thirst and xerostomia...
September 2016: International Urology and Nephrology
Kaoru Seike, Hisashi Hanazawa, Toshiyuki Ohtani, Shizuo Takamiya, Ryoichi Sakuta, Michiko Nakazato
BACKGROUND: Many studies have focused on the decreasing age of onset of eating disorders (EDs). Because school-age children with EDs are likely to suffer worse physical effects than adults, early detection and appropriate support are important. The cooperation of Yogo teachers is essential in helping these students to find appropriate care. To assist Yogo teachers, it is helpful to clarify the encounter rates (the proportion of Yogo teachers who have encountered ED students) and kinds of requested support (which Yogo teachers felt necessary to support ED students)...
2016: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
Robert C Twining, Christopher S Freet, Robert A Wheeler, Christian G Reich, Dennie A Tompers, Sarah E Wolpert, Patricia S Grigson
Rats avoid intake of a taste cue when paired with a drug of abuse or with the illness-inducing agent, lithium chloride (LiCl). Although progress has been made, it is difficult to compare the suppressive effects of abused agents and LiCl on intake of a gustatory conditioned stimulus (CS) because of the cross-laboratory use of different CSs, different unconditioned stimuli (USs), and different doses of the drugs, different conditioning regimens, and different restriction states. Here we have attempted to unify these variables by comparing the suppressive effects of a range of doses of morphine, cocaine, and LiCl on intake of a saccharin CS using a common regimen in non-restricted, food restricted, or water restricted male Sprague-Dawley rats...
July 1, 2016: Physiology & Behavior
Bárbara César Machado, Pedro Dias, Vânia Sousa Lima, Joana Campos, Sónia Gonçalves
OBJECTIVE: The present study, conducted with a population-based preschool children sample, aimed to examine the prevalence rates of picky eating according to the presence of the avoidance or restriction of food intake, searching for picky-eating correlates. METHODS: 959 children from 1.5 to 6years old were evaluated by their parents and caregivers/teachers. Picky eating was assessed by CBCL 1.5-5 and C-TRF, following Cano et al.'s (2015) procedure. RESULTS: The prevalence of picky eating was 25...
August 2016: Eating Behaviors
Francesco Violi, Gregory Yh Lip, Pasquale Pignatelli, Daniele Pastori
Educational advice is often given to patients starting treatment with vitamin K Antagonists (VKAs). A great emphasis is made on nutritional information. Common belief is that dietary vitamin K intake could counteract the anticoagulant effect by VKAs and for many years, patients have been discouraged to consume vitamin-K-rich foods, such as green leafy vegetables.The objective of this study is to summarize the current evidence supporting the putative interaction between dietary vitamin K intake and changes in INR with the VKAs...
March 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
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