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Avoidant restrictive food intake

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216454/protective-effects-of-short-term-dietary-restriction-in-surgical-stress-and-chemotherapy
#1
REVIEW
Sebastian Brandhorst, Eylul Harputlugil, James R Mitchell, Valter D Longo
Reduced caloric intake including fasting, as well as the dietary composition or the timing of food intake impact longevity, likely through a modification in the onset or the severity of chronic aging-related diseases such as cancer. As with pre- and post-operative dietary recommendations, evidence-based nutritional advice from healthcare professionals during and after cancer treatment is often vague or conflicting. We hypothesize that preventive dietary recommendations can help in the context of both chronic cancer treatment efficacy and the avoidance of development of secondary malignancies, as well as in the context of protection from the acute stress of surgery...
February 16, 2017: Ageing Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132914/acquisition-and-expression-of-fat-conditioned-flavor-preferences-are-differentially-affected-by-nmda-receptor-antagonism-in-balb-c-and-swr-mice
#2
Tamar T Kraft, Donald Huang, Sam LaMagna, Deena Warshaw, Elona Natanova, Anthony Sclafani, Richard J Bodnar
Conditioned flavor preferences are elicited by fat (Intralipid) in inbred mouse strains with BALB/c and SWR mice displaying among the most robust preferences. Dopamine D1 and opioid receptor antagonism differentially reduces the acquisition (learning) and expression (maintenance) of fat-conditioned flavor preferences in these two strains. Because noncompetitive NMDA receptor antagonism with MK-801 differentially altered sugar-conditioned flavor preferences in these strains, and because NMDA receptors are involved in fat intake, the present study examined whether MK-801 differentially altered expression and acquisition of fat (Intralipid)-conditioned flavor preferences in BALB/c and SWR mice...
January 26, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122128/an-8-item-short-form-of-the-eating-disorder-examination-questionnaire-adapted-for-children-chede-q8
#3
Sören Kliem, Ricarda Schmidt, Mandy Vogel, Andreas Hiemisch, Wieland Kiess, Anja Hilbert
Eating disturbances are common in children placing a vulnerable group of them at risk for full-syndrome eating disorders and adverse health outcomes. To provide a valid self-report assessment of eating disorder psychopathology in children, a short form of the child version of the Eating Disorder Examination (ChEDE-Q) was psychometrically evaluated. Similar to the EDE-Q, the ChEDE-Q provides assessment of eating disorder psychopathology related to anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge-eating disorder; however, the ChEDE-Q does not assess symptoms of avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder, pica, or rumination disorder...
January 25, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106914/classification-of-childhood-onset-eating-disorders-a-latent-class-analysis
#4
Leora Pinhas, Dasha Nicholls, Ross D Crosby, Anne Morris, Richard M Lynn, Sloane Madden
This study tested the hypothesis that latent class analysis (LCA) would successfully classify eating disorder (ED) symptoms in children into categories that mapped onto DSM-5 diagnoses and that these categories would be consistent across countries. Childhood onset ED cases were ascertained through prospective active surveillance by the Australian Paediatric Surveillance Unit, the Canadian Paediatric Surveillance Program, and the British Paediatric Surveillance Unit for 36, 24, and 14 months, respectively. Pediatricians and child psychiatrists reported symptoms of any child aged ≤ 12 years with a newly diagnosed restrictive ED...
January 20, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013169/clinical-presentation-and-outcome-of-avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder-in-a-japanese-sample
#5
Yoshikatsu Nakai, Kazuko Nin, Shun'ichi Noma, Seiji Hamagaki, Ryuro Takagi, Satoshi Teramukai, Stephen A Wonderlich
We conducted a study of the clinical presentation and outcome in patients with avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID), aged 15-40years, and compared this group to an anorexia nervosa (AN) group in a Japanese sample. A retrospective chart review was completed on 245 patients with feeding and eating disorders (FEDs), analyzing prevalence, clinical presentation, psychopathological properties, and outcomes. Using the DSM-5 criteria, 27 (11.0%) out of the 245 patients with a FED met the criteria for ARFID at entry...
December 21, 2016: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824638/autism-spectrum-disorder-and-avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder
#6
Jennifer Lucarelli, Demetra Pappas, Leah Welchons, Marilyn Augustyn
Kendra is a 4-year-old girl with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who presents for follow-up of feeding problems to her pediatric clinician. She is an only child in a family where both parents are scientists. Feeding concerns date to infancy, when she was diagnosed with Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) associated with persistent bottle refusal and the acceptance of few pureed foods. At 13 months, milk and peanut allergies were diagnosed. Following a feeding clinic evaluation at 24 months, she was prescribed a soy milk supplement and an H2 blocker...
January 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800160/adult-picky-eaters-with-symptoms-of-avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder-comparable-distress-and-comorbidity-but-different-eating-behaviors-compared-to-those-with-disordered-eating-symptoms
#7
Hana F Zickgraf, Martin E Franklin, Paul Rozin
BACKGROUND: One presentation of Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID) is characterized by picky eating, i.e., selective eating based on the sensory properties of food. The present study has two aims. The first is to describe distress and impairment in individuals with ARFID secondary to picky eating. The second is to determine whether eating behaviors hypothesized to be specific to picky eating can differentiate picky eaters with and without ARFID from typical eaters (e.g...
2016: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794273/screening-avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder-arfid-in-children-outcomes-from-utilitarian-versus-specialist-psychometrics
#8
Terence M Dovey, Victoria K Aldridge, Clarissa I Martin, Markus Wilken, Caroline Meyer
This study assessed the specificity and sensitivity of two commonly used psychometric methods to assess ARFID in children. To achieve this, a sample of 329 mothers and one father completed the Behavioral Pediatrics Feeding Assessment Scale (BPFAS) and the Child Food Neophobia Scale (CFNS). A Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) analysis indicated that both measures were able to successfully differentiate a known clinical sample from those of typically developing population. Although the BPFAS was more accurate at differentiating ARFID from the general population, the CFNS was acceptable and on some metrics better than its longer counterpart...
December 2016: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708695/a-questionnaire-survey-regarding-the-support-needed-by-yogo-teachers-to-take-care-of-students-suspected-of-having-eating-disorders-second-report
#9
Kaoru Seike, Michiko Nakazato, Hisashi Hanazawa, Toshiyuki Ohtani, Tomihisa Niitsu, Shin-Ichi Ishikawa, Atsuko Ayabe, Ryoko Otani, Kentaro Kawabe, Fumie Horiuchi, Shizuo Takamiya, Ryoichi Sakuta
BACKGROUND: The lowering of the age of onset and chronicity have been key problems related to eating disorders (EDs). As the proportion of teens in the estimated onset ages has increased, it has become important to detect students with EDs and to clarify how they can be supported. Though epidemiological surveys of Yogo teachers (school nurse/health science teachers) have been conducted to inquire about the number of such students, none of these were done according to ED type based on DSM-5...
2016: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702714/children-with-atopic-dermatitis-in-daejeon-korea-individualized-nutrition-intervention-for-disease-severity-and-nutritional-status
#10
Seong Hee Kim, Jae Ho Lee, Sun Yung Ly
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Atopic dermatitis is one of the most common pediatric chronic inflammatory skin diseases, and certain food allergens and nutrients are closely related to the development and severity of atopic dermatitis. While avoidance of the causative foods is considered the mainstay of treatment, unverified excessive restriction might induce unnecessary limitations in the food intake, consequently leading to nutritional deficiencies and poor growth. This study aimed to identify the characteristics and nutrient intake status in children with atopic dermatitis and to investigate the effects of individualized nutrition intervention...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669822/cross-cultural-comparison-of-perspectives-on-healthy-eating-among-chinese-and-american-undergraduate-students
#11
Jinan C Banna, Betsy Gilliland, Margaret Keefe, Dongping Zheng
BACKGROUND: Understanding views about what constitutes a healthy diet in diverse populations may inform design of culturally tailored behavior change interventions. The objective of this study was to describe perspectives on healthy eating among Chinese and American young adults and identify similarities and differences between these groups. METHODS: Chinese (n = 55) and American (n = 57) undergraduate students in Changsha, Hunan, China and Honolulu, Hawai'i, U...
September 26, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643793/measuring-adult-picky-eating-the-development-of-a-multidimensional-self-report-instrument
#12
Jordan M Ellis, Amy T Galloway, Rose Mary Webb, Denise M Martz
A brief multidimensional measure of adult picky eating (PE) behavior was developed using a large U.S. adult sample. In addition, the study explored associations between specific aspects of adult PE behavior and psychosocial impairment in effort to support the inclusion of adults in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders-Fifth Edition (DSM-5) avoidant-restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID). The study included 3 phases of qualitative and quantitative data collection. Participants were 1,663 U...
September 19, 2016: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629135/the-use-of-contraception-for-patients-after-bariatric-surgery
#13
Lucyna Ostrowska, Medard Lech, Ewa Stefańska, Marta Jastrzębska-Mierzyńska, Joanna Smarkusz
Obesity in women of reproductive age is a serious concern regarding reproductive health. In many cases of infertility in obese women, reduction of body weight may lead to spontaneous pregnancy, without the need for more specific methods of treatment. Bariatric surgery is safe and is the most effective method for body weight reduction in obese and very obese patients. In practice there are two bariatric techniques; gastric banding, which leads to weight loss through intake restriction, and gastric bypass, leads to weight loss through food malabsorption...
2016: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612000/probabilistic-modelling-to-assess-exposure-to-three-artificial-sweeteners-of-young-irish-patients-aged-1-3-years-with-pku-and-cmpa
#14
Aaron J O'Sullivan, Sandrine Pigat, Cian O'Mahony, Michael J Gibney, Aideen I McKevitt
The choice of suitable normal foods is limited for individuals with particular medical conditions, e.g., inborn errors of metabolism (phenylketonuria - PKU) or severe cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA). Patients may have dietary restrictions and exclusive or partial replacement of specific food groups with specially formulated products to meet particular nutrition requirements. Artificial sweeteners are used to improve the appearance and palatability of such food products to avoid food refusal and ensure dietary adherence...
November 2016: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594387/characteristics-of-avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder-in-a-cohort-of-adult-patients
#15
Yoshikatsu Nakai, Kazuko Nin, Shun'ichi Noma, Satoshi Teramukai, Stephen A Wonderlich
OBJECTIVE: To assess and compare clinical symptoms and psychometric analysis of adult patients with avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) with those with anorexia nervosa (AN). METHOD: We completed a retrospective review of adult patients with a feeding and eating disorder assessed between 1990 and 2005 that qualified for a diagnosis of ARFID. Patients with ARFID were compared with those with AN, with respect to the demographics, clinical symptoms and psychometric analysis...
September 4, 2016: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583709/overview-on-nutritional-issues-in-bariatric-surgery
#16
Ronan Thibault, Claude Pichard
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In the context of the worldwide obesity epidemic, bariatric surgery is the only therapy associated with a sustainable weight loss and to midterm prevention of obesity-related complications. However, nutritional and behavioral multidisciplinary medical preparation, as well as long-term postoperative nutritional follow-up, is strongly advised to avoid postoperative surgical, nutritional, or psychiatric complications. RECENT FINDINGS: Due to a long history of restrictive diets and large body weight fluctuations, preoperative nutritional assessment and correction of vitamin and trace elements deficiencies are mandatory...
November 2016: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556109/nonspecific-eating-disorders-a-subjective-review
#17
REVIEW
Aneta Michalska, Natalia Szejko, Andrzej Jakubczyk, Marcin Wojnar
AIM: The aim of this paper was to characterise nonspecific eating disorders (other than anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa). METHOD: The Medline database was searched for articles on nonspecific eating disorders. The following disorders were described: binge eating disorder (BED), pica, rumination disorder, avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder, night eating syndrome (NES), sleep-related eating disorder (SRED), bigorexia, orthorexia, focusing on diagnosis, symptoms, assessment, comorbidities, clinical implications and treatment...
2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27551880/eating-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents-what-does-the-gynecologist-need-to-know
#18
Erin H Sieke, Ellen S Rome
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to discuss the diagnosis, medical complications, and treatment of eating disorders as defined by the newly released Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, 5th edition. RECENT FINDINGS: With the introduction of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, 5th edition, the diagnostic criteria for anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa have been revised to better capture the varied presentations of patients with eating disorders...
October 2016: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27539957/pudendal-nerve-entrapment-leading-to-avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder-arfid-a-case-report
#19
Karen Tsai, Deepan Singh, Aaron Pinkhasov
Avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) is a diagnosis in diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders-5 (DSM-5) manifested by persistent failure to meet nutritional and/or energy needs. Pudendal nerve entrapment (PNE) often causes pelvic discomfort in addition to constipation and painful bowel movements. Current literature on ARFID is sparse and focuses on the pediatric and adolescent population. No association between PNE and ARFID has been described. We present a case of ARFID in an adult male with PNE resulting from subsequent scarring from testicular cancer surgery...
January 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27521251/severe-avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder-and-coexisting-stimulant-treated-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#20
Alexandra Pennell, Jennifer Couturier, Christina Grant, Natasha Johnson
There is a growing body of literature describing the development, clinical course, and treatment of avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID), a diagnostic category introduced in the DSM-5. However, information surrounding complex cases of ARFID involving coexisting medical and/or psychiatric disorders remains scarce. Here we report on two cases of young patients diagnosed concurrently with ARFID and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) who both experienced significant growth restriction following initiation of stimulant medication...
August 13, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
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