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Spinal manipulative therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801071/comparison-of-two-lumbar-manual-therapies-on-temporal-summation-of-pain-in-healthy-volunteers
#1
Charles W Penza, Maggie E Horn, Steven Z George, Mark D Bishop
The purpose of this study was to compare the immediate change in temporal summation of heat pain (TSP) between spinal manipulation (SMT) and spinal mobilization (MOB) in healthy volunteers. Ninety-two volunteers (24 males; 23.8 ± 5.3 years) were randomized to receive SMT, MOB or no treatment (REST) for one session. Primary outcomes were changes in TSP, measured at the hand and foot, immediately following the session. A planned subgroup analysis investigated effects across empirically derived TSP clusters. PRIMARY OUTCOME: There were no differences in the immediate change in TSP measured at the foot between SMT and MOB, however both treatments were superior to the REST condition...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768114/essential-literature-for-the-chiropractic-profession-results-and-implementation-challenges-from-a-survey-of-international-chiropractic-faculty
#2
Barbara A Mansholt, Stacie A Salsbury, Lance G Corber, John S Stites
OBJECTIVE: Scientific literature applicable to chiropractic practice proliferates in quantity, quality, and source. Chiropractic is a worldwide profession and varies in scope between states or provinces and from country to country. It is logical to consider that the focus and emphasis of chiropractic education varies between programs as well. This original research study endeavored to determine "essential literature" recommended by chiropractic faculty. The purpose of this article is (1) to share our results and (2) to promote discussion and explore means for future collaboration of chiropractic faculty through a worldwide platform...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761411/the-crossed-phrenic-phenomenon
#3
REVIEW
Michael George Zaki Ghali
The cervical spine is the most common site of traumatic vertebral column injuries. Respiratory insufficiency constitutes a significant proportion of the morbidity burden and is the most common cause of mortality in these patients. In seeking to enhance our capacity to treat specifically the respiratory dysfunction following spinal cord injury, investigators have studied the "crossed phrenic phenomenon", wherein contraction of a hemidiaphragm paralyzed by a complete hemisection of the ipsilateral cervical spinal cord above the phrenic nucleus can be induced by respiratory stressors and recovers spontaneously over time...
June 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750955/acute-electromyographic-responses-of-deep-thoracic-paraspinal-muscles-to-spinal-manual-therapy-interventions-an-experimental-randomized-cross-over-study
#4
Gary Fryer, Michael Bird, Barry Robbins, Jane C Johnson
This single group, randomized, cross-over study explored whether manual therapy alters motor tone of deep thoracic back muscles by examining resting electromyographic activity (EMG) after 2 types of manual therapy and a sham control intervention. Twenty-two participants with thoracic spinal pain (15 females, 7 males, mean age 28.1 ± 6.4 years) had dual fine-wire, intramuscular electrodes inserted into deep transversospinalis muscles at a thoracic level where tissues appeared abnormal to palpation (AbP) and at 2 sites above and below normal and non-tender to palpation (NT)...
July 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738895/chiropractic-spinal-manipulative-therapy-for-cervicogenic-headache-a-single-blinded-placebo-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Aleksander Chaibi, Heidi Knackstedt, Peter J Tuchin, Michael Bjørn Russell
OBJECTIVE: Cervicogenic headache is a disabling headache where pharmacological management have limited effect. Thus, non-pharmacological management is warranted. Our objective was therefore to investigate the efficacy of chiropractic spinal manipulative therapy versus placebo (sham manipulation) and control (continued usual but non-manual management) for cervicogenic headache in a prospective 3-armed single-blinded, placebo, randomized controlled trial of 17 months' duration. RESULTS: Nineteen participants were equally randomized into the three groups, and 12 participants completed the randomized controlled trial...
July 24, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729900/unravelling-functional-neurology-a-scoping-review-of-theories-and-clinical-applications-in-a-context-of-chiropractic-manual-therapy
#6
REVIEW
Anne-Laure Meyer, Amanda Meyer, Sarah Etherington, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde
BACKGROUND: Functional Neurology (FN), a seemingly attractive treatment approach used by some chiropractors, proposes to have an effect on a multitude of conditions but some of its concepts are controversial. OBJECTIVES AND DESIGN: A scoping review was performed to describe, in the context of chiropractic manual therapy, 1) the FN theories, and 2) its clinical applications (i.e. its indications, examination procedures, treatment modalities, treatment plans, and clinical outcomes) using four sources: i) one key textbook, ii) the scientific peer-reviewed literature, iii) websites from chiropractors using FN, and iv) semi-structured interviews of chiropractors using FN...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721535/tricyclic-and-tetracyclic-antidepressants-for-the-prevention-of-frequent-episodic-or-chronic-tension-type-headache-in-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Jeffrey L Jackson, Josephine M Mancuso, Sarah Nickoloff, Rebecca Bernstein, Cynthia Kay
BACKGROUND: Tension-type headaches are a common source of pain and suffering. Our purpose was to assess the efficacy of tricyclic (TCA) and tetracyclic antidepressants in the prophylactic treatment of tension-type headache. METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, EMBASE, the ISI Web of Science, and clinical trial registries through 11 March 2017 for randomized controlled studies of TCA or tetracyclic antidepressants in the prevention of tension-type headache in adults...
July 18, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713254/short-term-effects-of-thoracic-spine-manipulation-on-the-biomechanical-organisation-of-gait-initiation-a-randomized-pilot-study
#8
Sébastien Ditcharles, Eric Yiou, Arnaud Delafontaine, Alain Hamaoui
Speed performance during gait initiation is known to be dependent on the capacity of the central nervous system to generate efficient anticipatory postural adjustments (APA). According to the posturo-kinetic capacity (PKC) concept, any factor enhancing postural chain mobility and especially spine mobility, may facilitate the development of APA and thus speed performance. "Spinal Manipulative Therapy High-Velocity, Low-Amplitude" (SMT-HVLA) is a healing technique applied to the spine which is routinely used by healthcare practitioners to improve spine mobility...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712922/utilization-of-manipulative-treatment-for-spine-and-shoulder-conditions-between-different-medical-providers-in-a-large-military-hospital
#9
Daniel Rhon, Tina Greenleee, Julie Fritz
OBJECTIVE: Describe the use of manipulative treatment for shoulder and spine conditions between various provider types. DESIGN: Retrospective observational cohort SETTING: Single military hospital PARTICIPANTS: Consecutive sample of 7,566 patients seeking care for an initial spine or shoulder condition from 1 January to 31 December 2009. INTERVENTIONS: Manipulative treatment (e.g. manual therapy, spinal and joint manipulation, etc). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Manipulation treatment was identified with procedure billing codes in medical records...
July 13, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704625/neuro-endocrine-response-following-a-thoracic-spinal-manipulation-in-healthy-men
#10
Kesava Kovanur Sampath, Erik Botnmark, Ramakrishnan Mani, James David Cotter, Rajesh Katare, Pujika Emani Munasinghe, Steve Tumilty
Study Design Randomized controlled trial. Background Spinal manipulation (SM) can trigger a cascade of responses involving multiple systems including the sympathetic nervous system (SNS) and the endocrine system, specifically the hypothalamic-pituitary (HP) axis. However, no manual therapy study has investigated the neuroendocrine response to SM (i.e., SNS-HP axis) in the same trial. Objective To determine short-term changes in SNS activity; heart rate variability (HRV) and endocrine activity (cortisol, testosterone and testosterone/cortisol (T/C) ratio) following a thoracic SM...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694678/placebo-disclosure-does-not-result-in-negative-changes-in-mood-or-attitudes-towards-health-care-or-the-provider
#11
Joel E Bialosky, Michael E Robinson
Objectives: The purposes of this study were to (1) determine whether disclosure of having received a placebo treatment following participation in a randomized manual therapy trial resulted in changes in negative mood or attitudes towards health care and the provider and (2) examine the association between changes in mood or attitude and changes in clinical outcomes over the two-week study period. Methods: Participants with low back pain (N = 110) were randomly assigned to receive a spinal manipulative therapy (SMT), a standard placebo SMT in which participants were aware of a chance of receiving a placebo, an enhanced placebo SMT in which participants were instructed 'the manual therapy technique you will receive has been shown to significantly reduce low back pain in some people,' or no treatment...
July 2017: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687855/decreased-spontaneous-activity-and-altered-evoked-nociceptive-response-of-rat-thalamic-submedius-neurons-to-lumbar-vertebra-thrust
#12
William R Reed, Jamie T Cranston, Stephen M Onifer, Joshua W Little, Randall S Sozio
The thalamus is a central structure important to modulating and processing all mechanoreceptor input destined for the cortex. A large number of diverse mechanoreceptor endings are stimulated when a high velocity low amplitude thrust is delivered to the lumbar spine during spinal manipulation. The objective of this study was to determine if a lumbar thrust alters spontaneous and/or evoked nociceptive activity in medial thalamic submedius (Sm) neurons. Extracellular recordings were obtained from 94 thalamic Sm neurons in 54 urethane-anesthetized adult Wistar rats...
July 7, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670442/managing-patients-with-acute-and-chronic-non-specific-neck-pain-are-danish-chiropractors-compliant-with-guidelines
#13
Simon Sidenius Brockhusen, André Bussières, Simon David French, Henrik Wulff Christensen, Tue Secher Jensen
BACKGROUND: Non-specific neck pain represents a quarter of all chiropractic patient visits in Denmark. Evidence informed practice can help ensure providers use best available treatment, speed up patient recovery rate and reduce healthcare utilization. It is generally believed that Danish chiropractors treat according to best practice, but we do not know if this is true for management of neck-pain. The objective of this study was to investigate how Danish chiropractors treat patients with acute and chronic non-specific neck pain and determine if management is compliant with recent Canadian guideline recommendations...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657811/description-of-the-case-mix-experienced-by-chiropractic-students-during-a-clinical-internship
#14
Aaron A Puhl, Christine J Reinhart, H Stephen Injeyan, Anthony Tibbles
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study was to describe the case mix experienced by chiropractic students during their clinical internship at the Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College. Secondary objectives were to characterize teaching clinic patient populations, assess the similarity to previously published data for practicing chiropractors, and describe the treatment plans being recommended by interns. METHODS: A prospective, observational study was conducted using a convenience sample of 24 chiropractic interns...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654038/rewiring-neuronal-circuits-a-new-method-for-fast-neurite-extension-and-functional-neuronal-connection
#15
Margaret H Magdesian, Madeleine Anthonisen, G Monserratt Lopez-Ayon, Xue Ying Chua, Matthew Rigby, Peter Grütter
Brain and spinal cord injury may lead to permanent disability and death because it is still not possible to regenerate neurons over long distances and accurately reconnect them with an appropriate target. Here a procedure is described to rapidly initiate, elongate, and precisely connect new functional neuronal circuits over long distances. The extension rates achieved reach over 1.2 mm/h, 30-60 times faster than the in vivo rates of the fastest growing axons from the peripheral nervous system (0.02 to 0.04 mm/h)(28) and 10 times faster than previously reported for the same neuronal type at an earlier stage of development(4)...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643358/maximizing-functional-axon-repair-in-the-injured-cns-lessons-from-neuronal-development
#16
Andrew Kaplan, Mardja Bueno, Luyang Hua, Alyson E Fournier
The failure of damaged axons to regrow underlies disability in central nervous system injury and disease. Therapies that stimulate axon repair will be critical to restore function. Extensive axon regeneration can be induced by manipulation of oncogenes and tumor suppressors, however it has been difficult to translate this into functional recovery in models of spinal cord injury. The current challenge is to maximize the functional integration of regenerating axons to recover motor and sensory behaviours. Insights into axonal growth and wiring during nervous system development are helping guide new approaches to boost regeneration and functional connectivity after injury in the mature nervous system...
June 23, 2017: Developmental Dynamics: An Official Publication of the American Association of Anatomists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628805/erratum-to-adverse-events-in-a-chiropractic-spinal-manipulative-therapy-single-blinded-placebo-randomized-controlled-trial-for-migraineurs-musculoskeletal-ther-and-pract-29c-2017-66-71
#17
Aleksander Chaibi, Jūratė Šaltytė Benth, Peter J Tuchin, Michael Bjørn Russell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 16, 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623944/the-effect-of-combining-manual-therapy-with-exercise-for-mild-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Roger M Engel, Jaxson Wearing, Peter Gonski, Subramanyam Vemulpad
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major cause of disability and hospital admission. Current management strategies have not been successful in altering the loss of lung function typically seen as the disease progresses. A recent systematic review into the use of spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) in the management of COPD concluded that there was low level evidence to support the view that a combination of SMT and exercise had the potential to improve lung function more than exercise alone in people with moderate to severe COPD...
June 17, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567316/spontaneous-nosocomial-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-meningitis-presenting-as-trismus
#19
C J Parr, J Wheeler, A Sharma, C Smith
We describe the case of a 78-year-old female receiving adjuvant postsurgical chemotherapy for colon adenocarcinoma who spontaneously developed nosocomial Pseudomonas meningitis causing severe trismus. The patient was initially admitted for ileus, developing neck stiffness and trismus on the thirteenth day of admission. Cerebrospinal fluid grew pansensitive Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain was consistent with bilateral subacute infarcts secondary to meningitis. The patient responded well to 21 days of broad spectrum antimicrobial therapy modified to ceftazidime alone following speciation and sensitivity...
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559666/thrust-joint-manipulation-utilization-by-u-s-physical-therapists
#20
Emilio J Puentedura, Rebecca Slaughter, Sean Reilly, Erwin Ventura, Daniel Young
STUDY DESIGN: Online survey study. OBJECTIVE: To determine physical therapists' utilization of thrust joint manipulation (TJM) and their comfort level in using TJM between the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar regions of the spine. We hypothesized that physical therapists who use TJM would report regular use and comfort providing it to the thoracic and lumbar spines, but not so much for the cervical spine. BACKGROUND: Recent surveys of first professional physical therapy degree programs have found that TJM to the cervical spine is not taught to the same degree as to the thoracic and lumbar spines...
May 2017: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
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