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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679770/easy-to-read-informed-consent-form-for-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation-clinical-trials-results-from-bmt-ctn-1205-study
#1
Ryan Spellecy, Sergey Tarima, Ellen Denzen, Heather Moore, Sunil Abhyankar, Peter Dawson, Amy Foley, Iris Gersten, Mitchell Horwitz, Lensa Idossa, Steven Joffe, Naynesh Kamani, Roberta King, Aleksandr Lazaryan, Lawrence Morris, Mary M Horowitz, Navneet S Majhail
PURPOSE: Due to the complexity of hematopoietic cell transplant trial treatments, informed consent forms are often long and difficult to read. We evaluated a two-column easy-to-read informed consent (ETRIC) form that incorporates elements of health literacy and readability in participants and centers participating in Blood and Marrow Transplant Clinical Trials Network (BMT CTN) clinical trials. METHODS: In a randomized study, 198 adult patients from 25 centers potentially eligible to participate in four BMT CTN interventional trials were randomized to ETRIC or standard consent form for that trial...
April 18, 2018: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679157/immediate-release-3d-printed-tablets-produced-via-fused-deposition-modeling-of-a-thermo-sensitive-drug
#2
Wiebke Kempin, Vanessa Domsta, Georg Grathoff, Iris Brecht, Beatrice Semmling, Susan Tillmann, Werner Weitschies, Anne Seidlitz
PURPOSE: Dissolution speeds of tablets printed via Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM) so far are significantly lower compared to powder or granule pressed immediate release tablets. The aim of this work was to print an actual immediate release tablet by choosing suitable polymers and printing designs, also taking into account lower processing temperatures (below 100°C) owing to the used model drug pantoprazole sodium. METHODS: Five different pharmaceutical grade polymers polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP K12), polyethylene glycol 6000 (PEG 6000), Kollidon® VA64, polyethylene glycol 20,000 (PEG 20,000) and poloxamer 407 were successfully hot-melt-extruded to drug loaded filaments and printed to tablets at the required low temperatures...
April 20, 2018: Pharmaceutical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678855/de-novo-sox10-nonsense-mutation-in-a-patient-with-kallmann-syndrome-deafness-iris-hypopigmentation-and-hyperthyroidism
#3
Fang Wang, Shaoli Zhao, Yanhong Xie, Wenjun Yang, Zhaohui Mo
Kallmann syndrome (KS) is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous disorder characterized by hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and olfactory dysfunction. Recently, mutations in SOX10, a well-known causative gene of Waardenburg syndrome (WS), have been identified in a few KS patients with additional developmental defects including hearing loss. However, the understanding of SOX10 mutation associates with KS and other clinical consequences remains fragmentary. A 30-year-old Chinese male patient presented with no pubertal sex development when he was at the age of twelve years...
March 2018: Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678592/retina-compatible-interactions-and-effective-modulation-of-blood-ocular-barrier-p-gp-activity-by-third-generation-inhibitors-improves-ocular-penetration-of-loperamide
#4
Karthik Yadav Janga, Akshaya Tatke, Surabhi Shukla, Surya P Lamichhane, Bharathi Avula, XiangDi Wang, Monica M Jablonski, Ikhlas A Khan, Soumyajit Majumdar
Effective drug delivery to the deeper ocular tissues remains an unresolved conundrum mainly due to the expression of multidrug resistance (MDR) efflux proteins, beside tight junction proteins, in the blood ocular barriers (BOB). Hence, the purpose of the current research was to investigate the ability of the third-generation efflux protein inhibitors, elacridar (EQ) and tariquidar (TQ), to diminish P-glycoprotein (P-gp) mediated efflux transport of loperamide (LOP), a P-gp substrate, across the BOB in SD rats...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678512/galectin-3-is-associated-with-left-ventricular-reverse-remodeling-and-outcome-after-percutaneous-mitral-valve-repair
#5
Christine S Zuern, Niklas Floss, Iris I Mueller, Christian Eick, Martin Duckheim, Johannes Patzelt, Meinrad Gawaz, Andreas E May, Karin A L Mueller
BACKGROUND: Plasma Galectin-3 is a marker of myocardial inflammation and fibrosis, was associated with left ventricular (LV) reverse remodeling after conventional surgical mitral valve repair (MVR) and predicted clinical events in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). We aimed to evaluate the association between pre-interventional Galectin-3 levels and (1) reverse LV remodeling and (2) major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in patients undergoing percutaneous MVR...
April 7, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678503/caffeine-inhibits-stat1-signaling-and-downregulates-inflammatory-pathways-involved-in-autoimmunity
#6
Merve Iris, Pei-Suen Tsou, Amr H Sawalha
Caffeine is a widely consumed pharmacologically active product. We focused on characterizing immunomodulatory effects of caffeine on peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Caffeine at high doses showed a robust downregulatory effect on cytokine activity and genes related to several autoimmune diseases including lupus and rheumatoid arthritis. Dose-dependent validation experiments showed downregulation at the mRNA levels of key inflammatory genes including STAT1, TNF, and PPARG. TNF and PPARG were suppressed even with the lowest caffeine dose tested, which corresponds to the serum concentration of caffeine after administration of one cup of coffee...
April 17, 2018: Clinical Immunology: the Official Journal of the Clinical Immunology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677354/retinoic-acid-maintains-function-of-neural-crest-derived-ocular-and-craniofacial-structures-in-adult-zebrafish
#7
Bahaar Chawla, William Swain, Antionette L Williams, Brenda L Bohnsack
Purpose: Retinoic acid (RA) is required for embryonic formation of the anterior segment of the eye and craniofacial structures. The present study further investigated the role of RA in maintaining the function of these neural crest-derived structures in adult zebrafish. Methods: Morphology and histology were analyzed by using live imaging, methylacrylate sections, and TUNEL assay. Functional analysis of vision and aqueous humor outflow were assayed with real-time imaging...
April 1, 2018: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675795/oral-adsorbent-ast-120-ameliorates-gut-environment-and-protects-against-the-progression-of-renal-impairment-in-ckd-rats
#8
Ayumi Yoshifuji, Shu Wakino, Junichiro Irie, Ayumi Matsui, Kazuhiro Hasegawa, Hirobumi Tokuyama, Koichi Hayashi, Hiroshi Itoh
BACKGROUND: Oral charcoal adsorbent AST-120 (AST) is reported to ameliorate renal dysfunction by the absorption of toxic substance in the gut. Recent study revealed that, in CKD, gut environment is disturbed including the decrease in tight junctions and Lactobacillus (Lact). In this study, we examined whether AST improves the renal dysfunction through gut environment. METHOD: Six-week-old spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) were rendered CKD by 5/6th nephrectomy (Nx)...
April 19, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675378/complications-and-outcomes-of-descemet-stripping-automated-endothelial-keratoplasty-with-artisan-aphakia-intraocular-lens-implantation
#9
Rong-Mei Peng, Yu-Xin Guo, Yuan Qiu, Yan-Sheng Hao, Jing Hong
AIM: To evaluate the complications and outcomes of descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) combined with artisan aphakia intraocular lens (IOL) implantation in severely damaged eyes without capsular support. METHODS: DSAEK combined with artisan iris claw IOL implantation was performed on 29 eyes. All eyes were of abnormal structure due to complications from prior intraocular surgeries and ocular trauma. Ocular complications observed included graft dislocations, high intraocular pressure (IOP), IOL dislocations, macular edema and hyphema...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674682/author-correction-segregation-of-mitochondrial-dna-heteroplasmy-through-a-developmental-genetic-bottleneck-in-human-embryos
#10
Vasileios I Floros, Angela Pyle, Sabine Dietmann, Wei Wei, Walfred W C Tang, Naoko Irie, Brendan Payne, Antonio Capalbo, Laila Noli, Jonathan Coxhead, Gavin Hudson, Moira Crosier, Henrik Strahl, Yacoub Khalaf, Mitinori Saitou, Dusko Ilic, M Azim Surani, Patrick F Chinnery
In the version of this Letter originally published, an author error led to the affiliations for Brendan Payne, Jonathan Coxhead and Gavin Hudson being incorrect. The correct affiliations are: Brendan Payne: 3 Wellcome Trust Centre for Mitochondrial Research, Institute of Genetic Medicine, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK. 6 Institute of Neuroscience, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK; this is a new affiliation 6 and subsequent existing affiliations have been renumbered. Jonathan Coxhead: 11 Genomic Core Facility, Institute of Genetic Medicine, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK; this is a new affiliation 11 and subsequent existing affiliations have been renumbered...
April 19, 2018: Nature Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674169/intergenerational-gene-%C3%A3-environment-interaction-of-fkbp5-and-childhood-maltreatment-on-hair-steroids
#11
Alexandra M Koenig, Laura Ramo-Fernández, Christina Boeck, Maria Umlauft, Markus Pauly, Elisabeth B Binder, Clemens Kirschbaum, Harald Gündel, Alexander Karabatsiakis, Iris-Tatjana Kolassa
BACKGROUND: The inconsistency in results of cortisol alterations after childhood maltreatment (CM) might arise due to the fact that no study so far considered the effects of environmental factors such as maltreatment load and genetic factors such as the influence of FKBP5 genotype on stress hormone regulation. This study analyzed the interaction between the single nucleotide polymorphism rs1360780 within the FKBP5 gene and the severity of maternal CM experiences (maltreatment load) on hair steroid levels of mother-infant-dyads...
April 5, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674001/in-vitro-assessment-of-competitive-and-time-dependent-inhibition-of-the-nevirapine-metabolism-by-nortriptyline-in-rats
#12
Iris Usach, José-Maria Ferrer, José-Esteban Peris
Nevirapine (NVP) is a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) widely used as a component of High Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) since it is inexpensive, readily absorbed after oral administration and non-teratogenic. In the present work, the mechanism of a previously described pharmacokinetic interaction between NVP and the antidepressant drug nortriptyline (NT) was studied using rat hepatic microsomes. The obtained results showed a competitive inhibition of the NVP metabolism by NT...
April 16, 2018: Biochemical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673773/the-prevalence-and-cognitive-profile-of-sequence-space-synaesthesia
#13
Jamie Ward, Alberta Ipser, Eva Phanvanova, Paris Brown, Iris Bunte, Julia Simner
People with sequence-space synaesthesia visualize sequential concepts such as numbers and time as an ordered pattern extending through space. Unlike other types of synaesthesia, there is no generally agreed objective method for diagnosing this variant or separating it from potentially related aspects of cognition. We use a recently-developed spatial consistency test together with a novel questionnaire on naïve samples and estimate the prevalence of sequence-space synaesthesia to be around 8.1% (Study 1) to 12...
April 16, 2018: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673738/tbk1-a-key-regulator-and-potential-treatment-target-for-interferon-positive-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-and-systemic-sclerosis
#14
Iris L A Bodewes, Erika Huijser, Cornelia G van Helden-Meeuwsen, Liselotte Tas, Ruth Huizinga, Virgil A S H Dalm, P Martin van Hagen, Noortje Groot, Sylvia Kamphuis, Paul L A van Daele, Marjan A Versnel
OBJECTIVE: Upregulation of type I interferons (IFN-I) is a hallmark of systemic autoimmune diseases like primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and systemic sclerosis (SSc). Expression of IFN-I is induced by three different receptor families: Toll-like receptors (TLRs), RIG-like receptors (RLRs) and DNA-sensing receptors (DSRs). TANK-binding kinase (TBK1) is an important signaling hub downstream of RLRs and DSRs. TBK1 activates IRF3 and IRF7, leading to IFN-I production and subsequent induction of interferon stimulated genes (ISGs)...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Autoimmunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673576/the-role-of-genetic-variation-of-human-metabolism-for-bmi-mental-traits-and-mental-disorders
#15
Johannes Hebebrand, Triinu Peters, Dick Schijven, Moritz Hebebrand, Corinna Grasemann, Thomas W Winkler, Iris M Heid, Jochen Antel, Manuel Föcker, Lisa Tegeler, Lena Brauner, Roger A H Adan, Jurjen J Luykx, Christoph U Correll, Inke R König, Anke Hinney, Lars Libuda
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to assess whether loci associated with metabolic traits also have a significant role in BMI and mental traits/disorders METHODS: We first assessed the number of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with genome-wide significance for human metabolism (NHGRI-EBI Catalog). These 516 SNPs (216 independent loci) were looked-up in genome-wide association studies for association with body mass index (BMI) and the mental traits/disorders educational attainment, neuroticism, schizophrenia, well-being, anxiety, depressive symptoms, major depressive disorder, autism-spectrum disorder, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, Alzheimer's disease, bipolar disorder, aggressive behavior, and internalizing problems...
April 3, 2018: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673096/impact-of-graft-thickness-reduction-of-left-lateral-segment-on-outcomes-following-pediatric-living-donor-liver-transplantation
#16
Toshihiro Kitajima, Seisuke Sakamoto, Kengo Sasaki, Soichi Narumoto, Kourosh Kazemi, Yoshihiro Hirata, Akinari Fukuda, Rumi Imai, Osamu Miyazaki, Rie Irie, Satoshi Teramukai, Shinji Uemoto, Mureo Kasahara
Reducing graft thickness is essential to prevent large-for-size graft problems in pediatric living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). However, long-term outcomes of LDLT using reduced-thickness left lateral segment (LLS) grafts are unclear. In 89 patients who underwent LDLT using reduced LLS grafts between 2005 and 2017, short-term and long-term outcomes were compared between a non-anatomically reduced LLS (NAR-LLS) graft group and a reduced-thickness LLS graft group. Estimated blood loss was lower and abdominal skin closure was less needed in the recipient operation in the reduced-thickness LLS graft group...
April 19, 2018: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673063/uv-light-crosslinking-regresses-mature-corneal-blood-and-lymphatic-vessels-and-promotes-subsequent-high-risk-corneal-transplant-survival
#17
Yanhong Hou, Viet Nhat Hung Le, Gábor Tóth, Sebastian Siebelmann, Jens Horstmann, Tim Gabriel, Felix Bock, Claus Cursiefen
Immunological graft rejection is the main complication after corneal transplantation into pathologically prevascularized so-called high risk eyes. Aim of this study was to evaluate whether UV-light crosslinking can regress pathological corneal blood and lymphatic vessels, and thereby improve subsequent graft survival. Using the murine model of suture-induced corneal neovascularization, we found that corneal crosslinking with ultraviolet (UV) A-light and riboflavin regressed both preexisting blood and lymphatic vessels significantly via inducing apoptosis in vascular endothelial cells...
April 19, 2018: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672810/advanced-imaging-in-the-diagnosis-of-gout-and-other-crystal-arthropathies
#18
James Teh, Fiona McQueen, Iris Eshed, Athena Plagou, Andrea Klauser
In recent years significant advances have been made in imaging techniques. Dual-energy computed tomography has revolutionized the ability to detect and quantify gout. The key ultrasound features of gout have been defined. Magnetic resonance imaging is an excellent modality for demonstrating the extent and severity of crystal arthropathies, but the findings may be nonspecific. This article summarizes the use of advanced imaging techniques in the diagnosis and assessment of gout and other crystal arthropathies...
April 2018: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672808/anterior-chest-wall-in-axial-spondyloarthritis-imaging-interpretation-and-differential-diagnosis
#19
Winston J Rennie, Lennart Jans, Anne Grethe Jurik, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Claudia Schueller-Weidekamm, Iris Eshed
Anterior chest wall (ACW) inflammation is not an uncommon finding in patients with axial spondyloarthritis (ax-SpA) and reportedly occurs in 26% of these patients. Radiologists may only be familiar with spinal and peripheral joint imaging, possibly due to the inherent challenges of ACW imaging on some cross-sectional imaging modalities. Knowledge of relevant joint anatomy and the location of sites of inflammation allows the interpreting radiologist to better plan appropriate imaging tests and imaging planes...
April 2018: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672807/imaging-to-differentiate-the-various-forms-of-seronegative-arthritis
#20
Iris Eshed, Kay-Geert A Hermann, Anna Zejden, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska
Spondyloarthritis (SpA) is a group of diseases characterized by back pain, spinal inflammation, human leukocyte antigen-B27 positivity, and peripheral findings such as dactylitis, enthesitis, and uveitis. It includes ankylosing spondylitis, psoriatic arthritis, reactive arthritis, arthritis associated with inflammatory bowel disease, and undifferentiated SpA. The role of imaging in the diagnosis, management, and follow-up of patients with SpA has become dramatically more important with the introduction of new therapies such as tumor necrosis factor-α inhibitors...
April 2018: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology
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