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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734363/multi-energy-calibration-applied-to-atomic-spectrometry
#1
Alex Virgilio, Daniel A Gonçalves, Tina McSweeney, José A Gomes Neto, Joaquim A Nóbrega, George L Donati
Multi-energy calibration (MEC) is a novel strategy that explores the capacity of several analytes of generating analytical signals at many different wavelengths (transition energies). Contrasting with traditional methods, which employ a fixed transition energy and different analyte concentrations to build a calibration plot, MEC uses a fixed analyte concentration and multiple transition energies for calibration. Only two calibration solutions are required in combination with the MEC method. Solution 1 is composed of 50% v v(-1) sample and 50% v v(-1) of a standard solution containing the analytes...
August 22, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727075/amino-acid-digestibility-by-weanling-pigs-of-processed-ingredients-originating-from-soybeans-00-rapeseeds-or-a-fermented-mixture-of-plant-ingredients
#2
D M D L Navarro, Y Liu, T S Bruun, H H Stein
An experiment was conducted to determine the apparent ileal digestibility (AID) and the standardized ileal digestibility (SID) of CP and AA in 4 sources of processed soybean products, in conventional dehulled soybean meal (SBM-CV), in conventional 00-rapeseed expellers (RSE), and in a fermented coproduct mixture (FCM) that contained rapeseed meal, wheat, soy molasses, and potato peel fed to weanling pigs. The 4 processed soybean products included 2 sources of enzyme-treated soybean meal (ESBM-1 and ESBM-2), extruded soybean meal, and soy protein concentrate (SPC)...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726753/antimicrobial-properties-of-selected-copper-alloys-on-staphylococcus-aureus-and-escherichia-coli-in-different-simulations-of-environmental-conditions-with-vs-without-organic-contamination
#3
Anna Różańska, Agnieszka Chmielarczyk, Dorota Romaniszyn, Agnieszka Sroka-Oleksiak, Małgorzata Bulanda, Monika Walkowicz, Piotr Osuch, Tadeusz Knych
Background: Hospital equipment made from copper alloys can play an important role in complementing traditional methods of disinfection. Aims of the study: The aim of this study was to assess the dynamics of the antimicrobial properties of selected copper alloys in different simulations of environmental conditions (with organic contamination vs. without organic contamination), and to test alternatives to the currently used testing methods. Materials and Methods: A modification of Japanese standard JIS Z 2801 as well as Staphylococcus aureus (SA) and Escherichia coli (EC) suspended in NaCl vs...
July 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726509/soymilk-fermentation-by-enterococcus-faecalis-vb43-leads-to-reduction-in-the-immunoreactivity-of-allergenic-proteins-%C3%AE-conglycinin-7s-and-glycinin-11s
#4
V Biscola, A Rodriguez de Olmos, Y Choiset, H Rabesona, M S Garro, F Mozzi, J-M Chobert, M Drouet, T Haertlé, B D G M Franco
Food allergies represent a serious problem affecting human health and soy proteins rank among the most allergenic proteins from food origin. The proteolytic enzymes produced by lactic acid bacteria (LAB) can hydrolyse the major allergens present in soybean, reducing their immunoreactivity. Many studies have reported the ability of LAB to ferment soy-based products; while the majority of them focus on the improvement of the sensory characteristics and functionality of soy proteins, a lack of information about the role of lactic fermentation in the reduction of immunoreactivity of these proteins exists...
July 20, 2017: Beneficial Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725450/various-levels-of-copra-meal-supplementation-with-%C3%AE-mannanase-on-growth-performance-blood-profile-nutrient-digestibility-pork-quality-and-economical-analysis-in-growing-finishing-pigs
#5
H J Kim, S O Nam, J H Jeong, L H Fang, H B Yoo, S H Yoo, J S Hong, S W Son, S H Ha, Y Y Kim
BACKGROUND: To reduce use of main feed ingredient like corn, soy bean meal (SBM) and wheat, alternative ingredients has been studied like copra meal (CM). Production amount of CM which has been high makes CM to be an alternative feed stuff. However, low digestibility on AA and low energy content by high fiber content can be an obstacle for using CM. This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of CM supplementation with β-mannanase on growth performance, blood profile, nutrient digestibility, pork quality and economic analysis in growing-finishing pigs...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724661/fermented-soy-product-intake-is-inversely-associated-with-the-development-of-high-blood-pressure-the-japan-public-health-center-based-prospective-study
#6
Miho Nozue, Taichi Shimazu, Shizuka Sasazuki, Hadrien Charvat, Nagisa Mori, Michihiro Mutoh, Norie Sawada, Motoki Iwasaki, Taiki Yamaji, Manami Inoue, Yoshihiro Kokubo, Kazumasa Yamagishi, Hiroyasu Iso, Shoichiro Tsugane
Background: Randomized controlled studies have investigated the short-term effect of soy product intake on blood pressure (BP) in normotensive people. To our knowledge, no prospective studies exist on the effect of habitual intake of fermented soy products, separate from total soy products, on BP in the general population.Objective: We examined the association between the habitual intake of soy products, including fermented soy products, and the development of high BP during a 5-y period among participants in a population-based prospective cohort study in Japan...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723948/integrative-functional-analyses-using-rainbow-trout-selected-for-tolerance-to-plant-diets-reveal-nutrigenomic-signatures-for-soy-utilization-without-the-concurrence-of-enteritis
#7
Jason Abernathy, Andreas Brezas, Kevin R Snekvik, Ronald W Hardy, Ken Overturf
Finding suitable alternative protein sources for diets of carnivorous fish species remains a major concern for sustainable aquaculture. Through genetic selection, we created a strain of rainbow trout that outperforms parental lines in utilizing an all-plant protein diet and does not develop enteritis in the distal intestine, as is typical with salmonids on long-term plant protein-based feeds. By incorporating this strain into functional analyses, we set out to determine which genes are critical to plant protein utilization in the absence of gut inflammation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722808/an-examination-of-the-effect-of-aerosolized-permanone-insecticide-on-zebra-finch-susceptibility-to-west-nile-virus
#8
Mark D Jankowski, Murray E Moore, Erik K Hofmeister
West Nile virus is primarily maintained cryptically primarily in avian (Passerine) populations where it is transmitted by Culex spp. mosquitoes. Mosquito control measures currently include physical activities to reduce mosquito breeding sites, the application of mosquito larvicides, or aerosolized insecticides to kill adults (adulticides) when arboviral diseases such as West Nile virus (WNV) or Zika virus are detected in mosquito populations. Organochlorine, organohosphorus, carbamate and pyrethroid insecticides are often used...
July 19, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721399/nutritional-and-functional-properties-of-fishmeal-produced-from-fresh-by-products-of-cod-gadus-morhua-l-and-saithe-pollachius-virens
#9
Ola Ween, Janne K Stangeland, Turid S Fylling, Grete Hansen Aas
Fresh by-products of whitefish such as cod and saithe is processed to fishmeal (FM) on-board seagoing Norwegian trawlers. The aim of this study was to document the properties of whitefish FM (WFM) protein with respect to, physicochemical and bioactive properties. Analysis of the proximate composition of representative seasonal WFM batches show that the production is robust without much variance. The mean protein (61.9 ± 1.2), fat (8.9 ± 1.1%), moisture (5 ± 1.2%) and ash content (22.4 ± 0.8%), reflect the use of lean and bony raw-material...
July 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721077/food-protein-induced-enterocolitis-syndrome-a-review-of-the-literature-with-focus-on-clinical-management
#10
REVIEW
Marine Michelet, Dominique Schluckebier, Laetitia-Marie Petit, Jean-Christoph Caubet
Food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES) is a potentially severe presentation of non-IgE-mediated gastrointestinal food allergy (non-IgE-GI-FA) with heterogeneous clinical manifestations. Acute FPIES is typically characterized by profuse vomiting and lethargy, occurring classically 1-4 hours after ingestion of the offending food. When continuously exposed to the incriminated food, a chronic form has been described with persistent vomiting, diarrhea, and/or failure to thrive. Although affecting mainly infants, FPIES has also been described in adults...
2017: Journal of Asthma and Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720965/antioxidant-efficacy-of-soybean-cake-extracts-in-soy-oil-protection
#11
Nafiseh Zamindar, Moein Bashash, Farideh Khorshidi, Alireza Serjouie, Maryam Araj Shirvani, Hajar Abbasi, Ali Sedaghatdoost
The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence and possibility of extracting compounds with antioxidant properties of soybean cake to extend the storage stability of soybean oil. Results showed that the highest DPPH radical scavenging activity was observed for sample to solvent ratio 1:25 while extracting by 70% ethanol for 3 h). The most phenolic compounds equivalents (Gallic acid) was observed for sample to solvent ratio 1:25 while extracting by 70% methanol for 14 h. In addition, the soybean cake extract at concentrations of 50, 100, 150 and 200 ppm in soybean oil could significantly lower the peroxide, diene and p-anisidine values of soy oil during storage at 65 °C...
June 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713336/development-and-use-of-a-real-time-quantitative-pcr-method-for-detecting-and-quantifying-equol-producing-bacteria-in-human-faecal-samples-and-slurry-cultures
#12
Lucía Vázquez, Lucía Guadamuro, Froilán Giganto, Baltasar Mayo, Ana B Flórez
This work introduces a novel real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR) protocol for detecting and quantifying equol-producing bacteria. To this end, two sets of primers targeting the dihydrodaidzein reductase (ddr) and tetrahydrodaidzein reductase (tdr) genes, which are involved in the synthesis of equol, were designed. The primers showed high specificity and sensitivity when used to examine DNA from control bacteria, such as Slackia isoflavoniconvertens, Slackia equolifaciens, Asaccharobacter celatus, Adlercreutzia equolifaciens, and Enterorhabdus mucosicola...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712053/soy-isoflavone-consumption-and-age-at-pubarche-in-adolescent-males
#13
Gina Segovia-Siapco, Peter Pribis, Keiji Oda, Joan Sabaté
PURPOSE: Isoflavones have estrogenic properties that may adversely affect pubertal development of boys. We examined if soy isoflavone consumption is associated with age at pubarche (first onset of pubic hair) in a male population with a wide range of soy intake. METHODS: Boys aged 12-18 years (n = 248) who attended schools around Adventist universities in Southern California and Michigan self-reported their age at pubarche. Intake of soy isoflavones was assessed using a validated Web-based food frequency questionnaire; consumption levels were designated as low, moderate, and high...
July 15, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710146/current-evidence-on-associations-of-nutritional-factors-with-ovarian-reserve-and-timing-of-menopause-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Nazanin Moslehi, Parvin Mirmiran, Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani, Fereidoun Azizi
Ovarian aging is thought to be influenced by environmental factors, including nutrition. The aim of this study was to systematically review current evidence on the associations between nutritional factors, ovarian reserve, and age at menopause. PubMed and Scopus were structurally searched until May 2016. Original studies, with either observational or interventional designs, that examined the associations of nutritional factors (serum or dietary nutrients, food groups, and/or dietary patterns) with different ovarian reserve markers and/or timing of menopause were considered eligible...
July 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708316/dietary-plant-sterols-supplementation-increases-in-vivo-nitrite-and-nitrate-production-in-healthy-adults-a-randomized-controlled-study
#15
Xing Lin Ho, Wai Mun Loke
A randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled and crossover study was conducted to simultaneously measure the effects, 3 h after consumption and after 4-wk daily exposure to plant sterols-enriched food product, on in vivo nitrite and nitrate production in healthy adults. Eighteen healthy participants (67% female, 35.3 [mean] ± 9.5 [SD] years, mean body mass index 22.8 kg/m(2) ) received 2 soy milk (20 g) treatments daily: placebo and one containing 2.0 g free plant sterols equivalent of their palmityl esters (β-sitosterol, 55%; campesterol, 29%; and stigmasterol, 23%)...
July 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706941/application-of-response-surface-methodology-to-study-the-effects-of-brisket-fat-soy-protein-isolate-and-cornstarch-on-nutritional-and-textural-properties-of-rabbit-sausages
#16
Joseph M Wambui, Edward G Karuri, Margaret M M Wanyoike
The effects of brisket fat, soy protein isolate, and cornstarch on chemical and textural properties of rabbit sausages were studied using surface response methodology. Sausage samples were prepared using a five-level three-variable Central Composite Rotatable Design with 16 combinations, including two replicates of the center point, carried out in random order. The level of brisket fat (BF), soy protein isolate (SPI), and cornstarch (CS) in the sausage formulation ranged within 8.3-16.7%, 0.7-2.3%, and 1.3-4...
2017: International journal of food science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705171/formula-diet-driven-microbiota-shifts-tryptophan-metabolism-from-serotonin-to-tryptamine-in-neonatal-porcine-colon%C3%AF
#17
Manish Kumar Saraf, Brian D Piccolo, Anne K Bowlin, Kelly E Mercer, Tanya LeRoith, Sree V Chintapalli, Kartik Shankar, Thomas M Badger, Laxmi Yeruva
BACKGROUND: The gut microbiota of breast-fed and formula-fed infants differ significantly, as do the risks for allergies, gut dysfunction, and upper respiratory tract infections. The connections between breast milk, various formulas, and the profiles of gut bacteria to these childhood illnesses, as well as the mechanisms underlying the effects, are not well understood. METHODS: We investigated distal colon microbiota by 16S RNA amplicon sequencing, morphology by histomorphometry, immune response by cytokine expression, and tryptophan metabolism in a pig model in which piglets were sow-fed, or fed soy or dairy milk-based formula from postnatal day (PND) 2 to 21...
July 14, 2017: Microbiome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703892/disinfection-of-the-peritoneal-dialysis-bag-medication-port-comparison-of-disinfectant-agent-and-disinfection-time
#18
Adriana Conti, Roberta Monteiro Katzap, Carlos Eduardo Poli-de-Figueiredo, Vany Pagnussatti, Ana Elizabeth Figueiredo
OBJECTIVE: To compare different disinfection techniques for the peritoneal dialysis bag medication port (MP). METHODS: An experimental study was conducted testing different cleaning agents (70% alcohol vs 2% chlorhexidine) and time periods (5, 10 and 60 seconds) for disinfection of the MP. Five microorganisms (S. aureus, E.coli, A. baumannii and C. parapsilosis, CNS) were prepared for use as contaminants of the MP. MP were incubated in Tryptic soy broth at 36 °C for 24 h, after which, they were seeded on a Biomérieux® blood agar plate and incubated for 24 h at 36 °C...
July 13, 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702915/soy-molasses-as-a-fermentation-substrate-for-the-production-of-biosurfactant-using-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-atcc-10145
#19
Marília Silva Rodrigues, Felipe Santos Moreira, Vicelma Luiz Cardoso, Miriam Maria de Resende
Soy molasses is a product co-generated during soybean processing that has high production and low commercial value. Its use has great potential in fermentative processes due to the high concentration of carbohydrates, lipids and proteins. This study investigated the use of Pseudomonas aeruginosa to produce biosurfactants in a soy molasses-based fermentation medium. A central composite design (CCD) was prepared with two variables and three replicates at the central point to optimize the production of biosurfactant...
July 13, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701220/identification-of-qtl-with-large-effect-on-seed-weight-in-a-selective-population-of-soybean-with-genome-wide-association-and-fixation-index-analyses
#20
Long Yan, Nicolle Hofmann, Shuxian Li, Marcio Elias Ferreira, Baohua Song, Guoliang Jiang, Shuxin Ren, Charles Quigley, Edward Fickus, Perry Cregan, Qijian Song
BACKGROUND: Soybean seed weight is not only a yield component, but also a critical trait for various soybean food products such as sprouts, edamame, soy nuts, natto and miso. Linkage analysis and genome-wide association study (GWAS) are two complementary and powerful tools to connect phenotypic differences to the underlying contributing loci. Linkage analysis is based on progeny derived from two parents, given sufficient sample size and biological replication, it usually has high statistical power to map alleles with relatively small effect on phenotype, however, linkage analysis of the bi-parental population can't detect quantitative trait loci (QTL) that are fixed in the two parents...
July 12, 2017: BMC Genomics
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