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Leg length difference complications

Alexander A Theologis, Gregory M Mundis, Stacie Nguyen, David O Okonkwo, Praveen V Mummaneni, Justin S Smith, Christopher I Shaffrey, Richard Fessler, Shay Bess, Frank Schwab, Bassel G Diebo, Douglas Burton, Robert Hart, Vedat Deviren, Christopher Ames
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate the utility of supplementing long thoracolumbar posterior instrumented fusion (posterior spinal fusion, PSF) with lateral interbody fusion (LIF) of the lumbar/thoracolumbar coronal curve apex in adult spinal deformity (ASD). METHODS Two multicenter databases were evaluated. Adults who had undergone multilevel LIF of the coronal curve apex in addition to PSF with L5-S1 interbody fusion (LS+Apex group) were matched by number of posterior levels fused with patients who had undergone PSF with L5-S1 interbody fusion without LIF (LS-Only group)...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
Kae Sian Tay, Anupreet Bassi, William Yeo, Wai Mun Yue
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: There is no current literature comparing outcomes of patients with and without lumbar scoliosis having neurological symptoms undergoing Minimally Invasive Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion (MIS TLIF) technique. PURPOSE: To determine whether associated lumbar scoliosis will result in different clinical, radiological and operative outcomes in patients undergoing focal MISTLIF for neurogenic symptoms, without specific correction of the scoliosis...
October 7, 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Julio J Jauregui, Anthony V Ventimiglia, Preston W Grieco, David B Frumberg, John E Herzenberg
BACKGROUND: Limb lengthening with external fixation is performed to treat patients with leg length discrepancy or short stature. Although the procedure has a high rate of success, one potential drawback from limb lengthening is the amount of time spent in the fixation device while regenerate bone consolidates. Although some studies have assessed different treatment modalities, there has not been a study that has systematically evaluated whether low intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) or pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMF) have significant effects on regenerate bone growth...
September 29, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
N F M Corrêa, M J A de Brito, M M de Carvalho Resende, M F P Duarte, F S Santos, G M Salomé, L M Ferreira
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of surgical wound dehiscence on health-related quality of life and mental health. Dehiscence of surgical wounds is a serious postoperative complication associated with high morbidity and mortality. METHOD: Sixty-one adult patients, who had undergone neurological, general, colorectal, orthopaedic, gynaecological, plastic, cardiovascular, urological or neurological surgery in a university hospital in Brazil, were assessed between 30 and 180 days after surgery...
October 2, 2016: Journal of Wound Care
S D Patel, L Biasi, I Paraskevopoulos, J Silickas, T Lea, A Diamantopoulos, K Katsanos, H Zayed
BACKGROUND: Both infrapopliteal (IP) bypass surgery and percutaneous transluminal angioplasty have been shown to be effective in patients with critical limb ischaemia (CLI). The most appropriate method of revascularization has yet to be established, as no randomized trials have been reported. The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes of patients with similar characteristics treated using either revascularization method. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing IP bypass and IP angioplasty for CLI (Rutherford 4-6) at a single institution were compared following propensity score matching...
September 21, 2016: British Journal of Surgery
J Li, C Ma, Y M Li, Z H Wang, M Zhao, J Feng, W X Dai
OBJECTIVE: To compare the preliminary clinical outcomes of fenestration discectomy associated with annulus repair (FDAR) and fenestration discectomy (FD) for lumbar disc herniation in the adolescents. METHODS: The data of 26 adolescent patients with single segment lumbar disc herniation who were admitted to the Department of Orthopedics, Xuzhou Central Hospital from October 2012 to October 2014 were retrospectively studied. All patients were divided into 2 groups, including 12 patients undergoing FDAR and 14 patients undergoing FD respectively...
August 23, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Amir Abbas Ghasemi
BACKGROUND: Various surgical procedures have been recommended for the treatment of degenerative spondylolisthesis,but Controversy still exists regarding the optimal surgical technique . In this study,we compared the clinical and radiologic outcome of the Transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion(TLIF) method with the Instrumented Posterolateral fusion(PLF) in these patients. METHODS: The study population in this retrospective study consisted of 145 consecutive patients of degenerative spondylolisthesis who had undergone lumbar fusion in our institute between September 2010 and October 2013...
November 2016: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Soong Joon Lee, Jeong Joon Yoo, Hee Joong Kim
BACKGROUND: Total hip arthroplasty (THA) for sequelae of Legg-Calve-Perthes disease (LCPD) involves specific concerns for deformity, leg length discrepancy (LLD), and relatively young age. Excellent long-term outcome has been proven after Alumina-Alumina (Al-Al) THA for relatively young patients, however, there was no study for Al-Al THA for LCPD sequelae. The aim of this study is to evaluate the results of Al-Al THA for LCPD sequelae and to compare the results with those for adult-onset ONFH, in which THA is necessitated in relatively young age and excellent long term outcome has been proven after Al-Al THA...
August 10, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
Lara A Kimmel, Susan M Liew, James M Sayer, Anne E Holland
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of intensive acute hospital physiotherapy for patients with isolated hip fractures. DESIGN, SETTING: Single-institution, prospective, randomised trial at a level 1 trauma centre in Melbourne, March 2014 - January 2015. PARTICIPANTS: 92 patients aged 65 years or more with isolated hip fractures. Patients were excluded if the fracture was subtrochanteric or pathological, or if post-operative orders required the patient to be non-weight-bearing on the operated leg...
July 18, 2016: Medical Journal of Australia
Brian E Schwartz, Zachary W Sisko, Emily M Mayekar, Olivia J Wang, Alexander C Gordon
BACKGROUND: The direct anterior approach for total hip arthroplasty has recently gained interest for its quicker short-term recovery despite concerns about increased complications and operative time, especially during the steep learning curve period. The primary goal of this study was to determine if the transition from a posterior approach to a direct anterior approach for total hip arthroplasty can be achieved without harming patient safety. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort single-surgeon study of consecutive primary total hip arthroplasties performed over a transition period from posterior to direct anterior (DA) approach...
May 31, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
Jagdeep Singh Virdee, Adarsh Nadig, George Anagnostopoulos, Kuriakose Joshi George
AIM: To compare the results of minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MI-TLIF) versus conventional lumbar interbody fusion in terms of peri-operative and long-term outcome measures. DESIGN: Retrospective secondary data analysis. SUBJECTS: The study involved patients who had primary single-level spinal interbody fusion between October 2012 and May 2014 with 1-year follow-up, resulting in 36 patients for MI-TLIF and 60 patients for open surgery...
June 22, 2016: British Journal of Neurosurgery
Olivier Herisson, Arnaud Felden, Moussa Hamadouche, Philippe Anract, David J Biau
BACKGROUND: Leg length discrepancy after total hip arthroplasty is a frequent complication. The aim of this study was to assess the validity (correlation) and reproducibility (inter-rater agreement) of various intraoperative hip radiographs measures to estimate leg length. METHODS: Patients were included if they were aged 15 years or older; were eligible for a total hip arthroplasty, and were operated in lateral recumbent. An intraoperative hip radiograph was performed with the definitive implants in place...
May 11, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
Erland Hermansen, Ulla Kristina Romild, Ivar Magne Austevoll, Tore Solberg, Kjersti Storheim, Jens Ivar Brox, Christian Hellum, Kari Indrekvam
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to compare the clinical outcome of spinal process osteotomy with two other midline-retaining methods, bilateral laminotomy and unilateral laminotomy with crossover, among patients undergoing surgery for lumbar spinal stenosis. METHODS: This cohort study was based on data from the Norwegian Registry for Spine Surgery (NORspine). Patients were operated on between 2009 and 2013 at 31 Norwegian hospitals. The patients completed questionnaires at admission for surgery, and after 3 and 12 months...
June 4, 2016: European Spine Journal
Bin Hu, Tiao Lin, Shi-Gui Yan, Song-Lin Tong, Jian-Hao Yu, Jian-Jie Xu, Yi-Ming Ying
BACKGROUND: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is one of the most commonly performed procedures while postoperative analgesia still remains challenging. The efficacy and safety of local infiltration analgesia (LIA) versus regional blockade (RB; epidural analgesia and/or peripheral nerve block) for pain management after TKA are controversial. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this meta-analysis was to determine whether LIA compared with RB would provide better postoperative pain control, consume less morphine, facilitate early functional recovery, entail a differential risk of side effects and complications, and allow a shorter length of stay...
May 2016: Pain Physician
Kenichi Mishima, Hiroshi Kitoh, Koji Iwata, Masaki Matsushita, Yoshihiro Nishida, Tadashi Hattori, Naoki Ishiguro
Fibular hemimelia is a rare but the most common congenital long bone deficiency, encompassing a broad range of anomalies from isolated fibular hypoplasia up to substantial femoral and tibial shortening with ankle deformity and foot deficiency. Most cases of fibular hemimelia manifest clinically significant leg length discrepancy (LLD) with time that requires adequate correction by bone lengthening for stable walking. Bone lengthening procedures, especially those for pathological bones, are sometimes associated with severe complications, such as delayed consolidation, fractures, and deformities of the lengthened bones, leading to prolonged healing time and residual LLD at skeletal maturity...
May 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Hao Sun, Lin Zhou, Fengsheng Li, Jun Duan
Young active patients with medial knee osteoarthritis (OA) combined with varus leg alignment can be treated with high tibial osteotomy (HTO) to stop the progression of OA and avoid or postpone total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Closing-wedge osteotomy (CWO) and opening-wedge osteotomy (OWO) are the most commonly used osteotomy techniques. The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical and radiologic outcomes and complications between OWO and CWO. We retrospectively evaluated 23 studies including 17 clinical trials from published databases from their inception to May 2015...
May 24, 2016: Journal of Knee Surgery
Da-cai Shang, Sheng-cai Zhong, Xiao-zhao Zhang, Deng-peng Lu, Qin-lin Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the mothod and therapeutic efficacy of total hip anthroplasties (THA) for osteoarthritis secondary to Crowe type IV developmental dysplasia of hip in adults. METHODS: From May 2006 to December 2013, THA was performed on 15 adult patients (17 hips) with Growe type IV acetabular dysplasia, including 13 females and 2 males, with a mean age of 30.9 years old (22 to 58 years old) and an average preoperative Harris score of (34.0 ± 6.5) points...
February 2016: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
S Abouel-Enin, H Fraig, J Griffiths, J Latham
Trial reduction while performing total hip replacement is an essential step of the procedure. This is to check the stability of the hip joint with the selected implant sizes and to assess the leg length to avoid discrepancy. Disengagement of the femoral head trial from the femoral rasp stem with subsequent migration of the trial head into the pelvic cavity is a rare occurrence, but can be a very frustrating complication to both the surgeon and occasionally the patient. We present our experience with this exceptional situation and different management options, together with systematic review of the literature...
August 2016: Musculoskeletal Surgery
Prahlad Ho, Hui Y Lim, Chong C Chua, Matthew Sleeman, Mark Tacey, Geoffrey Donnan, Harshal Nandurkar
INTRODUCTION: Isolated distal deep venous thrombosis (IDDVT) is traditionally associated with less severe clinical sequelae, with ongoing debate on multiple aspects of its management. Despite numerous studies evaluating its acute management, there remains a paucity of data evaluating long-term complications such as recurrence and subsequent malignancy. We aim to evaluate the characteristics of IDDVT in institutions that routinely perform whole leg ultrasonography, and the risks of recurrence and complications in comparison to major venous thromboembolism (major VTE; defined as above-knee or proximal DVT and pulmonary embolism (PE))...
June 2016: Thrombosis Research
Kevin Phan, Vannessa Leung, Daniel B Scherman, Andrew R Tan, Prashanth J Rao, Ralph J Mobbs
Lumbar fusion surgical intervention is often followed by bilateral pedicle screw fixation. There has been increasing support for unilateral pedicle screw fixation in an attempt to reduce complications and costs. The following study assesses the efficacy and complications of bilateral versus unilateral pedicle screw fixation in open and minimally invasive lumbar interbody fusion techniques. A systematic review with meta-analysis and trial sequential analysis was performed using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines and recommendations...
August 2016: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
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