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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792507/comparing-self-report-measures-of-grandiose-narcissism-vulnerable-narcissism-and-narcissistic-personality-disorder-in-a-male-offender-sample
#1
Elizabeth A Krusemark, W Keith Campbell, Michael L Crowe, Joshua D Miller
Despite a growing interest in the use of self-report measures of narcissism among student, community, and clinical samples, the research on narcissism in prison samples is sparse, despite elevated rates of narcissism in these samples. The current study examined the relations between commonly used measures of grandiose narcissism (Narcissistic Personality Inventory-13 [NPI-13]), vulnerable narcissism (Hypersensitive Narcissism Scale [HSNS]), and narcissistic personality disorder (NPD; Personality Diagnostic Questionnaire [PDQ]) in a sample of adult male offenders (N = 179)...
May 24, 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790431/-this-time-it-s-different-preparing-for-release-through-a-prison-model-of-cosa-a-phenomenological-and-repertory-grid-analysis
#2
Rosie Kitson-Boyce, Nicholas Blagden, Belinda Winder, Gayle Dillon
Circles of support and accountability (CoSA) in the prison-model begin prior to the core members' release from prison and continue with them on release in to the community. The purpose of this study was to explore the expectations of release of those convicted of a sexual offense and how this develops during their participation in the prison sessions of CoSA. The research question was to consider how the prison-model of CoSA relates to the desistance of crime, in particular the phases of desistance developed by Gobbels, Ward, and Willis...
May 1, 2018: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789279/opportunities-for-enhanced-strategic-use-of-surveys-medical-records-and-program-data-for-hiv-surveillance-of-key-populations-scoping-review
#3
Sharon Stucker Weir, Stefan D Baral, Jessie K Edwards, Sabrina Zadrozny, James Hargreaves, Jinkou Zhao, Keith Sabin
BACKGROUND: Normative guidelines from the World Health Organization recommend tracking strategic information indicators among key populations. Monitoring progress in the global response to the HIV epidemic uses indicators put forward by the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS. These include the 90-90-90 targets that require a realignment of surveillance data, routinely collected program data, and medical record data, which historically have developed separately. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe current challenges for monitoring HIV-related strategic information indicators among key populations ((men who have sex with men [MSM], people in prisons and other closed settings, people who inject drugs, sex workers, and transgender people) and identify future opportunities to enhance the use of surveillance data, programmatic data, and medical record data to describe the HIV epidemic among key populations and measure the coverage of HIV prevention, care, and treatment programs...
May 22, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783095/initiating-buprenorphine-treatment-prior-to-versus-after-release-from-prison-arrest-outcomes
#4
Michael S Gordon, Thomas R Blue, Kathryn Couvillion, Robert P Schwartz, Kevin E O'Grady, Terrence T Fitzgerald, Frank J Vocci
BACKGROUND: This secondary analysis of a randomized trial examines the association between initiation of buprenorphine treatment prior to, versus post-release, and rearrests during the 12-months following release. METHODS: Official rearrest data (N = 199) for the 12-months post-release were examined. Four outcomes were measured: (1) rearrested (yes/no), (2) time to rearrest, (3) number of rearrests, and (4) severity of charges (less severe vs. severe). RESULTS: A minority (43...
May 12, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781884/extended-release-naltrexone-improves-viral-suppression-levels-in-prisoners-with-hiv-and-alcohol-use-disorders-who-are-transitioning-to-the-community-results-from-a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#5
Sandra A Springer, Angela Di Paola, Russell Barbour, Marwan M Azar, Frederick L Altice
OBJECTIVE: To determine if extended-release naltrexone (XR-NTX) would improve or maintain viral suppression (VS) among incarcerated individuals with HIV and alcohol use disorders (AUDs) transitioning to the community. DESIGN: A randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted among incarcerated individuals with HIV and AUDs transitioning to the community from 2010 through 2016. METHODS: Eligible participants (N=100) were randomized 2:1 to receive 6 monthly injections of XR-NTX (n=67) or Placebo (n=33) starting at release and continued for 6 months...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779551/emerging-roles-for-peer-providers-in-mental-health-and-substance-use-disorders
#6
Susan A Chapman, Lisel K Blash, Kimberly Mayer, Joanne Spetz
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to identify and assess states with best practices in peer provider workforce development and employment. A growing body of research demonstrates that peer providers with lived experience contribute positively to the treatment and recovery of individuals with behavioral health needs. Increased employment opportunities have led to policy concerns about training, certification, roles, and reimbursement for peer provider services. METHODS: A case study approach included a national panel of subject matter experts who suggested best practice states...
June 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779456/understanding-polyvictimization-in-prison-prevalence-and-predictors-among-men-inmates-in-spain
#7
Francisco Caravaca-Sánchez, Nancy Wolff
Victimization-physical, sexual, and emotional-is part of prison life for a sizable proportion of incarcerated people. Research has primarily focused on the prevalence and predictors of physical or sexual victimization inside prisons located in the United States. Very little prison-based victimization research has been conducted in other countries, and even less has examined the clustering patterns of victimization (referred to as polyvictimization), and whether different demographic, behavioral health, and criminal risk factors are associated with polyvictimization...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778259/five-questions-concerning-managing-hepatitis-c-in-the-justice-system-finding-practical-solutions-for-hepatitis-c-virus-elimination
#8
REVIEW
Anne C Spaulding, Madeline G Adee, Robert T Lawrence, Jagpreet Chhatwal, William von Oehsen
An estimated 30% of Americans with hepatitis C virus (HCV) pass through a jail or prison annually. One in 7 incarcerated persons is viremic. Screening and treatment is cost-effective and beneficial to society as a whole. Yet at current (2018) levels of funding for HCV management, prisons are not aggressively seeking cases; few incarcerated persons with HCV actually receive treatment. This article explores barriers to screening for and treating hepatitis C in state prisons, and ways that states may overcome these barriers, such as nominal pricing...
June 2018: Infectious Disease Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777601/-informed-consent-something-unresolved-in-the-penitentiary-setting
#9
Julio García Guerrero
INTRODUCTION: The exercise of Informed Consent within the penitentiary environment contradicts the ordinary exercise of the same towards the rest of the population. METHODOLOGY: review of legal regulations and constitutional doctrine on IC. Review of the judicial outcomes when a prisoner refuses medical treatment. RESULTS: Normative on IC (Ley 41/2002 y Convenio de Oviedo, Spanish legal framework): with the exception of cases in which IC cannot be taken or under the risk of causong damage to third parties, competent and capable persons can decide over their life and health, and such decisions need to be respected...
May 2018: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770923/formerly-incarcerated-parents-and-their-children
#10
Bruce Western, Natalie Smith
The negative effects of incarceration on child well-being are often linked to the economic insecurity of formerly incarcerated parents. Researchers caution, however, that the effects of parental incarceration may be small in the presence of multiple-partner fertility and other family complexity. Despite these claims, few studies have directly observed either economic insecurity or the full extent of family complexity. We study parent-child relationships with a unique data set that includes detailed information about economic insecurity and family complexity among parents just released from prison...
May 16, 2018: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770744/older-men-s-social-integration-after-prison
#11
Jessica Wyse
This study explores the social integration processes older men experience following prison release. Semi-structured in-depth interviews and brief surveys were conducted with 20 men, 50 years of age and older, recently released from prison in a large, Eastern U.S. city. A follow-up interview was conducted with each participant. Conventional content analysis was used to analyze these data. Results show that while men are able to connect with and rely upon some family members and establish basic public benefits, older men's release experience is nonetheless marked by pervasive disconnection from key desired social relationships and roles...
June 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767777/prison-staff-and-prisoner-views-on-a-prison-smoking-ban-evidence-from-the-tobacco-in-prisons-study
#12
Ashley Brown, Helen Sweeting, Greig Logan, Evangelia Demou, Kate Hunt
Introduction: In jurisdictions permitting prisoner smoking, rates are high (c75%), with smoking embedded in prison culture, leading to secondhand smoke exposures among staff and prisoners and challenges for smoking cessation. Momentum is building to ban smoking in prisons, but research on staff and prisoner views is lacking. We address this gap, providing evidence on staff and prisoner views throughout all Scottish prisons. Methods: Data were collected prior to announcement of a (November 2018) prison smoking ban throughout Scotland...
May 15, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767436/police-interactions-and-interventions-with-suspects-flagged-as-experiencing-mental-health-problems
#13
Eddie Kane, Emily Evans, Jurgen Mitsch, Tahseen Jilani, Philip Quinlan, Jack Cattell, Najat Khalifa
BACKGROUND: Interactions between individuals experiencing mental health (MH) problems and the police are complex, and effectiveness of innovative support and diversion models in England and Wales not yet fully evaluated. AIMS/HYPOTHESES: Our aims were to examine police interactions with suspects and to measure the immediate effectiveness of police/NHS MH interventions, including liaison and diversion and embedded staff in police contact and control rooms. We hypothesised that those with an MH flag would have significantly greater benefit from such interventions than those without in terms of how far they are taken down the criminal justice pathway and how long they spend in police custody...
May 16, 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765693/homophily-heterophily-and-the-diversity-of-messages-among-decision-making-individuals
#14
Pouria Ramazi, James Riehl, Ming Cao
To better understand the intriguing mechanisms behind cooperation among decision-making individuals, we study the simple yet appealing use of preplay communication or cheap talk in evolutionary games, when players are able to choose strategies based on whether an opponent sends the same message as they do. So when playing games, in addition to pure cooperation and defection, players have two new strategies in this setting: homophilic (respectively, heterophilic) cooperation which is to cooperate (respectively, defect) only with those who send the same message as they do...
April 2018: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764321/the-patient-to-prisoner-pipeline-the-imd-exclusion-s-adverse-impact-on-mass-incarceration-in-united-states
#15
Michael E Onah
A component of the 1965 Medicaid Act, the Institutions for Mental Diseases ("IMD") Exclusion was supposed to be a remedy for the brutal, dysfunctional mental healthcare system run through state hospitals. In the years since Medicaid was created, the IMD Exclusion has instead barred thousands of those in need of intensive, inpatient treatment from receiving it. As a result, many severely mentally ill individuals are left without adequate care and without a home. They struggle in the street where they are otherized by those in their community and are susceptible to confrontational episodes with law enforcement...
March 2018: American Journal of Law & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764177/solidarity-and-compassion-prisoners-as-hospice-volunteers-in-poland
#16
Piotr Krakowiak, Renata Deka, Anna Janowicz
Democracy in Eastern Europe arrived after a long fight with a communist regime, and the activities of medical volunteers have been developing in opposition to the existing then in Poland mentality called Homo Sovieticus. From 1981 onwards the Polish Hospice Movement there was inspired by practitioners and international experiences brought by visits of Dr. Cicely Saunders. The history of modern end-of-life care in Poland was connected to caring communities, which could be called compassionate, because of the volunteering of all hospice team members...
April 2018: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763610/sequential-interactions-in-which-one-player-plays-first-and-another-responds-promote-cooperation-in-evolutionary-dynamical-simulations-of-single-shot-prisoner-s-dilemma-and-snowdrift-games
#17
Robert A Laird
Cooperation is a central topic in evolutionary biology because (a) it is difficult to reconcile why individuals would act in a way that benefits others if such action is costly to themselves, and (b) it underpins many of the 'major transitions of evolution', making it essential for explaining the origins of successively higher levels of biological organization. Within evolutionary game theory, the Prisoner's Dilemma and Snowdrift games are the main theoretical constructs used to study the evolution of cooperation in dyadic interactions...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758626/balancing-selfishness-and-norm-conformity-can-explain-human-behavior-in-large-scale-prisoner-s-dilemma-games-and-can-poise-human-groups-near-criticality
#18
John Realpe-Gómez, Giulia Andrighetto, Luis Gustavo Nardin, Javier Antonio Montoya
Cooperation is central to the success of human societies as it is crucial for overcoming some of the most pressing social challenges of our time; still, how human cooperation is achieved and may persist is a main puzzle in the social and biological sciences. Recently, scholars have recognized the importance of social norms as solutions to major local and large-scale collective action problems, from the management of water resources to the reduction of smoking in public places to the change in fertility practices...
April 2018: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755249/the-feasibility-appropriateness-meaningfulness-and-effectiveness-of-parenting-and-family-support-programs-delivered-in-the-criminal-justice-system-a-systematic-review
#19
Victoria Troy, Kerri E McPherson, Carol Emslie, Elizabeth Gilchrist
Children whose parents are involved in the criminal justice system (CJS) are at increased risk of developing social, emotional, and behavioural difficulties and are more likely than their peers to become involved in the CJS themselves. Parenting behaviour and parent-child relationships have the potential to affect children's outcomes with positive parenting practices having the potential to moderate some of the negative outcomes associated with parental involvement in the CJS. However, many parents in the CJS may lack appropriate role models to support the development of positive parenting beliefs and practices...
2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754683/-hospital-and-prison-care-in-ivory-coast
#20
Dan Lecocq
A state registered nurse for 23 years, Charles Ble Aziz discusses the nursing role in general hospitals in Ivory Coast, in particular at Aboisso regional general hospital where he works on the surgical ward. He also presents his initiative to establish a nursing consultation in a prison.
May 2018: Revue de L'infirmière
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