keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Prisoner

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334235/impact-of-an-assertive-community-treatment-model-of-care-on-the-treatment-of-prisoners-with-a-serious-mental-illness
#1
Brian McKenna, Jeremy Skipworth, Rees Tapsell, Krishna Pillai, Dominic Madell, Alexander Simpson, James Cavney, Paul Rouse
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to describe the impact of a mental health assertive community treatment prison model of care (PMOC) on improving the ability to identify prisoner needs, provide interventions and monitor their efficacy. METHODS: We carried out a file review across five prisons of referrals in the year before the implementation of the PMOC in 2010 ( n = 423) compared with referrals in the year after ( n = 477). RESULTS: Some improvements in the identification of needs and providing interventions were detected...
January 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333495/integrating-prevention-and-health-promotion-in-a-london-prison
#2
Adam John Finnie
Many people enter prison with poor health from a background of deprivation and with unhealthy lifestyle habits, yet spending time in prisons is often actively detrimental to health. There is therefore a clear value in providing high-quality health promotion services in prisons that are effective at reaching those who need support to improve their lifestyle. The health promotion service at HMP Brixton provides a health trainers clinic to address lifestyle issues but found that it was sometimes challenging to identify appropriate patients and that the service was inefficient as a result...
2018: BMJ Open Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330606/the-associations-of-poor-psychiatric-well-being-among-incarcerated-men-with-injecting-drug-use-histories-in-victoria-australia
#3
Reece Cossar, Mark Stoové, Stuart A Kinner, Paul Dietze, Campbell Aitken, Michael Curtis, Amy Kirwan, James R P Ogloff
BACKGROUND: Dual substance dependence and psychiatric and psychological morbidities are overrepresented in prison populations and associated with reoffending. In the context of an increasing prison population in Australia, investigating the needs of vulnerable people in prison with a dual diagnosis can help inform in-prison screening and treatment and improve prison and community service integration and continuation of care. In this study we quantified psychiatric well-being in a sample of people in prison with a history of injecting drug use in Victoria, Australia, and identified factors associated with this outcome...
January 13, 2018: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329049/the-traumatized-body-long-term-ptsd-and-its-implications-for-the-orientation-towards-bodily-signals
#4
Noga Tsur, Ruth Defrin, Yael Lahav, Zahava Solomon
Orientation to bodily signals is defined as the way somatic sensations are attended, perceived and interpreted. Research suggests that trauma exposure, particularly the pathological reaction to trauma (i.e., PTSD), is associated with catastrophic and frightful orientation to bodily signals. However, little is known regarding the long-term ramifications of trauma exposure and PTSD for orientation to bodily signals. Less is known regarding which PTSD symptom cluster manifests in the 'somatic route' through which orientation to bodily signals is altered...
January 5, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320968/hiv-in-prison-results-from-a-national-prison-census-in-peru
#5
Akram Hernández-Vásquez, Bertha Huarez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319805/the-captive-brain-torture-and-the-neuroscience-of-humane-interrogation
#6
Shane O'Mara
Despite it being abhorrent and illegal, torture is sometimes employed for information gathering. However, the extreme stressors employed during torture force the brain away from the relatively narrow, adaptive range of function it operates within. Torture degrades signal-to-noise ratios of information yield, and increases false positive discovery rates. As a discovery methodology, torture fails basic tests of veridical, reliable, and replicable information discovery. Torture fails during interrogation because it is an assault on our core integrated, social, psychological, and neural functioning...
January 3, 2018: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317065/nature-exposure-sufficiency-and-insufficiency-the-benefits-of-environmental-preservation
#7
John R Reddon, Salvatore B Durante
Increasing industrialization, urbanization, and a failure of many world leaders to appreciate the consequences of climate change are deleteriously impacting quality of life as well as diminishing the prospects for long term survival. Economic competitiveness and corporate profitability often pre-empt environmental concerns. The calving of an iceberg in Antarctica and the hurricane activity in the Caribbean during 2017 are unfortunate illustrations of the continuing escalation of environmental issues. We provide historical and current evidence for the importance of Nature Exposure (NE) and introduce the continuum Nature Exposure Sufficiency (NES) and Insufficiency (NEI)...
January 2018: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316504/health-behind-bars-can-exploring-the-history-of-prison-health-systems-impact-future-policy
#8
Kathryn M Weston, Louella R McCarthy, Isobelle Barrett Meyering, Stephen Hampton, Tobias Mackinnon
The value of history is, indeed, not scientific but moral … it prepares us to live more humanely in the present, and to meet rather than to foretell, the future - Carl Becker. Becker's quote reminds us of the importance of revealing and understanding historical practices in order to influence actions in the future. There are compelling reasons for uncovering this history, in particular to better inform government policy makers and health advocates, and to address the impacts of growing community expectations to 'make the punishment fit the crime'...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308437/brain-volume-correlates-with-duration-of-abstinence-from-substance-abuse-in-a-region-specific-and-substance-specific-manner
#9
Cole Korponay, David S Kosson, Jean Decety, Kent A Kiehl, Michael Koenigs
Background: Human neuroimaging studies indicate that the loss of brain volume associated with substance abuse may be recovered during abstinence. Subcortical and prefrontal cortical regions involved in reward and decision-making are among the regions most consistently implicated in damage and recovery from substance abuse, but the relative capacities of these different brain regions to recover volume during abstinence remains unclear, and it is unknown whether recovery capacities depend on the substance that was abused...
October 2017: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307318/outbreak-epidemiologically-linked-with-a-composite-product-of-beef-mechanically-separated-chicken-and-textured-vegetable-protein-contaminated-with-multiple-serotypes-of-salmonella-enterica-including-multidrug-resistant-infantis-california-2016
#10
J A Hutchinson, C Wheeler, J C Mohle-Boetani
A salmonellosis outbreak occurred at a California prison in April and May 2016. In a cohort study of 371 inmates, persons who consumed dishes from the prison kitchen made from ground meat had a higher attack rate (15%) than those who did not (4%) (risk ratio 3.4, 95% CI 1.1-10.6). The ground meat product was composed exclusively of beef, mechanically separated chicken (MSC) and textured vegetable protein; eight of eight lots of the product collected from the prison and processing facility were contaminated with Salmonella enterica of eight serotypes and 17 distinct PFGE patterns, including multidrug-resistant S...
January 8, 2018: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303035/reducing-hospital-readmissions-among-incarcerated-patients
#11
Clarence Cryer
In many health care settings, hospital readmissions represent poor quality and increased costs. The California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation includes reduced readmission rates among key performance indicators for the quality of care provided to inmates. More than 25% of the institutions continue to face challenges in minimizing these occurrences. Despite historic deficiencies, the California Substance Abuse Treatment Facility and State Prison at Corcoran reduced 30-day readmissions over a 2-year period...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299681/concerns-about-lung-cancer-among-prisoners
#12
Luc Renault, Emmanuel Perrot, Eric Pradat, Christophe Bartoli, Laurent Greillier, Anne Remacle-Bonnet, Norbert Telmon, Julien Mazières, Laurent Molinier, Sébastien Couraud
BACKGROUND: Few studies have looked at lung cancer in prisoners, despite this population is possibly at increased risk of malignancy. In a previous study, we found an early onset of lung cancer in prisoners. Thus, the present CARCAN study was aimed at assessing the epidemiological characteristics, management, prognosis, and incidence of lung cancer in prisoners compared to a sample of non-prisoner patients. METHOD: We performed a multi-center observational case-control study...
January 3, 2018: Lung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299208/the-relationship-between-personality-disorders-and-the-type-of-crime-committed-and-substance-used-among-prisoners
#13
Shahin Fakhrzadegan, Hossein Gholami-Doon, Bagher Shamloo, Solmaz Shokouhi-Moqhaddam
Background: Prisoners are a vulnerable group within societies, and also threaten society due to their dangerous behavior. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between prisoners' personality disorders and their crime and substance use. Methods: This was a descriptive-correlational study. The statistical population consisted of all prisoners of Kerman, Iran. Through stratified random sampling, 228 prisoners (114 women and 114 men) were selected as the study subjects...
April 2017: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295666/life-after-examining-the-relationship-between-sociobehavioral-factors-and-mental-health-among-african-american-ex-offenders
#14
Carlos C Mahaffey, Danelle Stevens-Watkins, Carl Leukefeld
Mental health problems are 3 times higher among prisoners than the general population. After release, reentry barriers and other factors can exacerbate mental problems. This study of 250 African American ex-offenders examines the relationship between sociobehavioral factors and mental health. Independent variables included self-reported health, alcohol use, employment, and history of mental problems before prison. Covariates included the number of immediate family with mental problems and the number of serious conflicts with family members or friends...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294873/memories-of-boys-girls-and-adolescent-victims-of-political-prison-and-torture-by-the-chilean-military-civilian-dictatorship
#15
Ximena Faúndez, Manuel Cárdenas, Fuad Hatibovic, Evelyn Palma, Diego Bravo
This article reconstructs and analyzes the memories of victims of political prison and torture during the Chilean Military-Civilian Dictatorship who were minors when they experienced this violence. Participants in the study were 11 adults, six women and five men from the region of Valparaíso, who were victims of State terrorism during childhood and adolescence. The information production technique used was the focus group. A textual analysis was performed, based on interdisciplinary contributions from interpretation theory and discourse theories...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294859/prison-homicide-an-extension-of-violent-criminal-careers
#16
Thomas J Reidy, Jon R Sorensen, Heidi Stone Bonner
This study investigated prison homicide perpetrators through the lens of the career criminal perspective. Prison homicide, while a rare event, has critical implications for the prison environment. Despite its importance as a form of institutional violence that must be addressed, only four studies in the past five decades have explored the characteristics of homicide perpetrators/victims, the motives, and circumstances of the crime. The goal of the current study was to develop a better understanding of prison homicide by examining 54 perpetrators who committed 37 inmate homicides over 40 years in a mid-Western state prison system...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294802/attributing-responsibility-sexist-attitudes-perceived-social-support-and-self-esteem-in-aggressors-convicted-for-gender-based-violence
#17
Mónica Guerrero-Molina, Juan Manuel Moreno-Manso, Eloísa Guerrero-Barona, Beatriz Cruz-Márquez
This work analyzes how the assumption of responsibility by aggressors convicted for gender-based violence is related to sexist attitudes, self-esteem and perceived functional social support. Similarly, the predictive capacity of these variables is studied with respect to the aggressors' minimization of the harm done and a lack of attributing responsibility to themselves. The participants in the research were males condemned to prison sentences for crimes related with gender-based violence in Spain. The instruments applied were the Attribution of Responsibility and Minimization of Harm Scale, the Ambivalent Sexism Inventory (ASI), the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSE), the Functional Social Support Questionnaire (FSSQ), and the Social Desirability Scale (SDS)...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294784/can-i-ask-for-help-the-relationship-among-incarcerated-males-sexual-orientation-sexual-abuse-history-and-perceptions-of-rape-in-prison
#18
Mina Ratkalkar, Cassandra A Atkin-Plunk
In 2003, Congress passed the Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA). Although subsequent research to PREA has shed light on the prevalence and incidence of sexual violence in American prisons, few studies examine inmates' perceptions of rape and safety from rape in prison. Even less is known about how inmates' perceptions of rape influence mental health treatment-seeking behavior during incarceration. Using a sample of incarcerated men, this study adds to the limited body of research by examining the perceived fear of rape and mental health treatment-seeking behavior in two vulnerable prison populations-gay and bisexual inmates and inmates with a history of childhood sexual abuse...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294642/an-exploratory-study-of-female-psychopathy-and-drug-related-violent-crime
#19
Nicholas D Thomson
There is a clear link between drugs and violence, and the extensive burden drug-related violence inflicts on society. However, drug-related violence is largely understudied, especially in female populations. The aim of the present study was to explore whether women convicted of drug-related violent crime differed on individual-level risk factors from women convicted of a nondrug-related violent crime and women convicted of nonviolent crimes. One hundred and twenty-five female inmates were classified using official criminal records...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291476/neurodevelopmental-disorders-in-prison-inmates-comorbidity-and-combined-associations-with-psychiatric-symptoms-and-behavioural-disturbance
#20
Susan Young, Rafael A González, Hannah Mullens, Laura Mutch, Isabella Malet-Lambert, Gisli H Gudjonsson
The identification and management of inmates with neurodevelopmental disorders (ND) has been insufficiently addressed in the literature. We estimated the proportion of cases with Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and Intellectual disability (ID) in prison, their comorbidity, and associations with disruptive behaviours and with psychiatric symptoms. Further, we examined the role of coexisting ND on psychiatric symptoms and attitudes toward violence. All 390 male inmates underwent an assessment that included the Diagnostic Interview for ADHD in Adults 2...
December 15, 2017: Psychiatry Research
keyword
keyword
23031
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"