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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212534/association-between-echocardiographic-structural-parameters-and-body-weight-in-wistar-rats
#1
Silvio A Oliveira-Junior, Paula F Martinez, William Y C Fan, Bruno T Nakatani, Luana U Pagan, Carlos R Padovani, Antonio C Cicogna, Marina P Okoshi, Katashi Okoshi
BACKGROUND: The association between echocardiographic structural parameters and body weight (BW) during rat development has been poorly addressed. We evaluated echocardiographic variables: left ventricular (LV) end-diastolic (LVDD) and end-systolic (LVSD) diameters, LV diastolic posterior wall thickness (PWT), left atrial diameter (LA), and aortic diameter (AO) in function of BW during development.Results/Materials and Methods: Male Wistar rats (n = 328, BW: 302-702 g) were retrospectively used to construct regression models and 95% confidence intervals relating to cardiac structural parameters and BW...
February 13, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212516/sex-disparities-in-substance-abuse-research-evaluating-23-years-of-structural-neuroimaging-studies
#2
Kimberly E Lind, Eric J Gutierrez, Dorothy J Yamamoto, Michael F Regner, Sherry A McKee, Jody Tanabe
BACKGROUND: Sex differences in brain structure and clinical course of substance use disorders underscores the need to include women in structural brain imaging studies. The NIH has supported the need for research to address sex differences. We evaluated female enrollment in substance abuse structural brain imaging research and the methods used to study sex differences in substance effects. METHODS: Structural brain imaging studies published through 2016 (n=230) were evaluated for number of participants by sex and substance use status and methods used to evaluate sex differences...
January 31, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212482/-using-polypropylene-mesh-in-surgery-for-stress-urinary-incontinence
#3
Erick Arturo Murguía-Flores, Fernando Quintero-Granados, Luis Guillermo Torres-Gómez, Mariela Mariela Chávez-Navarro, Martha Berenice Vázquez-Gómez, Elizabeth Rodríguez-Rodríguez
BACKGROUND: Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is defined as the involuntary leakage of urine while making an effort, such as coughing, sneezing or during activity. Since SUI generates high costs and affects the quality of life, it is important to make a proper diagnosis and, consequently, manage SUI efficiently. The objective was to know whether it is appropriate to use polypropylene mesh for SUI. METHODS: A historical cohort was conducted by reviewing records of patients with SUI treated with polypropylene mesh during 2013 with a follow-up of 12 months...
2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212451/relationship-between-pre-anesthetic-and-intra-anesthetic-airway-resistance-in-patients-undergoing-general-anesthesia-a-prospective-observational-study
#4
Takamitsu Ikeda, Kanji Uchida, Yasuhiro Yamauchi, Takahide Nagase, Koji Oba, Yoshitsugu Yamada
Surgery patients in Japan undergo routine spirometry testing prior to general anesthesia. The use of a flow sensor during general anesthesia has recently become common. However, it is not certain whether the information derived from flow-volume curves is being adequately used for mechanical ventilation management during general anesthesia. So far, there have been no attempts to calculate airway resistance using flow-volume curves. Therefore, we performed a prospective, observational study to investigate the relationship between pre-anesthetic and intra-anesthetic airway resistance in patients scheduled for surgery under general anesthesia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212442/ecto-5-nucleotidase-cd73-nt5e-vitamin-d-receptor-and-fgf23-gene-polymorphisms-may-play-a-role-in-the-development-of-calcific-uremic-arteriolopathy-in-dialysis-patients-data-from-the-german-calciphylaxis-registry
#5
Hansjörg Rothe, Vincent Brandenburg, Margot Haun, Barbara Kollerits, Florian Kronenberg, Markus Ketteler, Christoph Wanner
INTRODUCTION: Calciphylaxis/calcific uremic arteriolopathy affects mainly end-stage kidney disease patients but is also associated with malignant disorders such as myeloma, melanoma and breast cancer. Genetic risk factors of calciphylaxis have never been studied before. METHODS: We investigated 10 target genes using a tagging SNP approach: the genes encoding CD73/ ecto-5'-nucleotidase (purinergic pathway), Matrix Gla protein, Fetuin A, Bone Gla protein, VKORC1 (all related to intrinsic calcification inhibition), calcium-sensing receptor, FGF23, Klotho, vitamin D receptor, stanniocalcin 1 (all related to CKD-MBD)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212439/correction-type-i-interferon-receptor-deficiency-in-dendritic-cells-facilitates-systemic-murine-norovirus-persistence-despite-enhanced-adaptive-immunity
#6
Timothy J Nice, Lisa C Osborne, Vesselin T Tomov, David Artis, E John Wherry, Herbert W Virgin
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1005684.].
February 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212438/correction-increased-abundance-of-m-cells-in-the-gut-epithelium-dramatically-enhances-oral-prion-disease-susceptibility
#7
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1006075.].
February 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212419/evaluating-the-lexico-grammatical-differences-in-the-writing-of-native-and-non-native-speakers-of-english-in-peer-reviewed-medical-journals-in-the-field-of-pediatric-oncology-creation-of-the-genuine-index-scoring-system
#8
Alberto Alexander Gayle, Motomu Shimaoka
INTRODUCTION: The predominance of English in scientific research has created hurdles for "non-native speakers" of English. Here we present a novel application of native language identification (NLI) for the assessment of medical-scientific writing. For this purpose, we created a novel classification system whereby scoring would be based solely on text features found to be distinctive among native English speakers (NS) within a given context. We dubbed this the "Genuine Index" (GI). METHODOLOGY: This methodology was validated using a small set of journals in the field of pediatric oncology...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212380/correction-psychotic-experiences-and-overhasty-inferences-are-related-to-maladaptive-learning
#9
Heiner Stuke, Hannes Stuke, Veith Andreas Weilnhammer, Katharina Schmack
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1005328.].
February 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212328/differential-characteristics-based-iterative-multiuser-detection-for-wireless-sensor-networks
#10
Xiaoguang Chen, Xu Jiang, Zhilu Wu, Shufeng Zhuang
High throughput, low latency and reliable communication has always been a hot topic for wireless sensor networks (WSNs) in various applications. Multiuser detection is widely used to suppress the bad effect of multiple access interference in WSNs. In this paper, a novel multiuser detection method based on differential characteristics is proposed to suppress multiple access interference. The proposed iterative receive method consists of three stages. Firstly, a differential characteristics function is presented based on the optimal multiuser detection decision function; then on the basis of differential characteristics, a preliminary threshold detection is utilized to find the potential wrongly received bits; after that an error bit corrector is employed to correct the wrong bits...
February 16, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212203/adding-examples-to-the-asa-physical-status-classification-improves-correct-assignment-to-patients
#11
Erin E Hurwitz, Michelle Simon, Sandhya R Vinta, Charles F Zehm, Sarah M Shabot, Abu Minhajuddin, Amr E Abouleish
BACKGROUND: Despite its widespread use, the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA)-Physical Status Classification System has been shown to result in inconsistent assignments among anesthesiologists. The ASA-Physical Status Classification System is also used by nonanesthesia-trained clinicians and others. In 2014, the ASA developed and approved examples to assist clinicians in determining the correct ASA-Physical Status Classification System assignment. The effect of these examples by anesthesia-trained and nonanesthesia-trained clinicians on appropriate ASA-Physical Status Classification System assignment in hypothetical cases was examined...
February 17, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212184/correction-notice
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212138/deep-learning-in-mammography-diagnostic-accuracy-of-a-multipurpose-image-analysis-software-in-the-detection-of-breast-cancer
#13
Anton S Becker, Magda Marcon, Soleen Ghafoor, Moritz C Wurnig, Thomas Frauenfelder, Andreas Boss
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of a multipurpose image analysis software based on deep learning with artificial neural networks for the detection of breast cancer in an independent, dual-center mammography data set. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective, Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act-compliant study, all patients undergoing mammography in 2012 at our institution were reviewed (n = 3228). All of their prior and follow-up mammographies from a time span of 7 years (2008-2015) were considered as a reference for clinical diagnosis...
February 16, 2017: Investigative Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212135/the-role-of-residual-intrastent-thrombus-during-primary-angioplasty-insights-from-the-coctail-ii-study
#14
Laura Gatto, Enrico Romagnoli, Francesco Versaci, Ugo Limbruno, Tomasz Pawlowski, Italo Porto, Valeria Marco, Luca Di Vito, Fabrizio Imola, Alberto Cremonesi, Francesco Prati
AIMS: Recent frequency-domain optical coherence tomography studies showed that a complete removal of thrombotic materials is rarely achieved after percutaneous coronary interventions for ST segment elevation myocardial infarction. Residual intrastent thrombus can embolize distally leading to microcirculatory injury. The aim was to find a possible correlation between residual intrastent thrombus and angiographic indexes of myocardial reperfusion. METHODS: The population consisted of 128 ST segment elevation myocardial infarction patients enrolled in the COCTAIL II trial...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212126/comparison-of-the-speech-results-after-correction-of-submucous-cleft-palate-with-furlow-palatoplasty-and-pharyngeal-flap-combined-with-intravelar-veloplasty
#15
Mert Calis, Galip Gencay Ustun, Mehtap Ozturk, Riza Onder Gunaydin, Mavis Emel Kulak Kayikci, Figen Ozgur
Submucous cleft palate (SMCP) is a relatively rare variant of the common pathology of cleft palate with specific anatomic and clinical features. Even though there are many surgical options defined previously to correct the SMCP, correction of the velopharyngeal insufficiency and obtaining ideal speech results remains as a challenge. The aim of this article was to compare the speech benefits of Furlow double opposing Z plasty and posterior pharyngeal flap operation combined with intravelar veloplasty for the correction of SMCP using objective assessment tools...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212111/direct-determination-of-k-q-for-farmer-type-ionization-chambers-in-a-clinical-scanned-carbon-ion-beam-using-water-calorimetry
#16
J-M Osinga-Blättermann, S Brons, S Greilich, O Jäkel, A Krauss
Until now, the dosimetry of carbon ions with ionization chambers has not reached the same level of accuracy as that of high-energy photons. This is mainly caused by the approximately threefold larger uncertainty of the k Q factor of ionization chambers, which, due to the lack of experimental data, is still derived by calculations. Measurements of absorbed dose to water, D w, by means of water calorimetry have now been performed in the entrance channel of a scanned 6 cm  ×  6 cm radiation field of 429 MeV/u carbon ions, allowing the direct calibration of ionization chambers and thus the experimental determination of k Q...
February 17, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212092/modeling-contrast-imaging-assisted-optimal-targeted-drug-delivery-a-touchable-communication-channel-estimation-and-waveform-design-perspective
#17
Yifan Chen, Yu Zhou, Ross Murch, Panagiotis Kosmas
To maximize the effect of treatment and minimize the adverse effect on patients, we propose to optimize nanorobotsassisted targeted drug delivery (TDD) for locoregional treatment of tumor from the perspective of touchable communication channel estimation and waveform design. The drug particles are the information molecules; the loading/injection and unloading of the drug correspond to the transmitting and receiving processes; the concentration-time profile of the drug particles administered corresponds to the signalling pulse...
February 15, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Nanobioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212080/improving-registration-robustness-for-image-guided-liver-surgery-in-a-novel-human-to-phantom-data-framework
#18
Jarrod Collins, Jared Weis, Jon Heiselman, Logan Clements, Amber Simpson, Willam Jarnagin, Michael Miga
In open image-guided liver surgery (IGLS), a sparse representation of the intraoperative organ surface can be acquired to drive image-to-physical registration. We hypothesize that uncharacterized error induced by variation in the collection patterns of organ surface data limits the accuracy and robustness of IGLS registration. Clinical validation of such registration methods is challenged due to the difficulty in obtaining data representative of the true state of organ deformation. We propose a novel human-to-phantom validation framework that transforms surface collection patterns from in vivo IGLS procedures (n=13) onto a well-characterized hepatic deformation phantom for the purpose of validating surface-driven, volumetric nonrigid registration methods...
February 13, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212069/correction-to-surg-infect-2016-17-2-191-197
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212046/publisher-s-note-impact-of-diffusion-on-surface-clustering-in-random-hydrodynamic-flows-phys-rev-e-95-013109-2017
#20
V I Klyatskin, K V Koshel
This corrects the article DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.95.013109.
January 2017: Physical Review. E
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