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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212302/the-importance-of-conditioned-stimuli-in-cigarette-and-e-cigarette-craving-reduction-by-e-cigarettes
#1
Martijn Van Heel, Dinska Van Gucht, Koen Vanbrabant, Frank Baeyens
This study examined the impact of four variables pertaining to the use of e-cigarettes (e-cigs) on cravings for tobacco cigarettes and for e-cigs after an overnight abstinence period. The four variables were the nicotine level, the sensorimotor component, the visual aspect, and the aroma of the e-cig. In an experimental study, 81 participants without prior vaping experience first got acquainted with using e-cigs in a one-week tryout period, after which they participated in a lab session assessing the effect of five minutes of vaping following an abstinence period of 12 h...
February 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211949/internet-based-self-tailored-deposit-contracts-to-promote-smoking-reduction-and-abstinence
#2
Brantley P Jarvis, Jesse Dallery
Deposit contracting may reduce costs and increase efficacy in contingency management interventions. We evaluated two Internet-based deposit contract arrangements for smoking. In Experiment 1, nine participants deposited self-selected amounts that could be earned back for meeting goals. During treatment, participants were reimbursed for breath samples with less than or equal to 6 parts per million carbon monoxide and met the criterion for 47% of samples compared to 1% during baseline. In Experiment 2, 10 participants' deposits were matched up to $50...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208563/re-abstinence-time-and-its-impact-on-basic-and-advanced-semen-parameters
#3
Craig Niederberger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207747/chronic-pancreatitis-multicentre-prospective-data-collection-and-analysis-by-the-hungarian-pancreatic-study-group
#4
Ákos Szücs, Tamás Marjai, Andrea Szentesi, Nelli Farkas, Andrea Párniczky, György Nagy, Balázs Kui, Tamás Takács, László Czakó, Zoltán Szepes, Balázs Csaba Németh, Áron Vincze, Gabriella Pár, Imre Szabó, Patrícia Sarlós, Anita Illés, Szilárd Gódi, Ferenc Izbéki, Judit Gervain, Adrienn Halász, Gyula Farkas, László Leindler, Dezső Kelemen, Róbert Papp, Richárd Szmola, Márta Varga, József Hamvas, János Novák, Barnabás Bod, Miklós Sahin-Tóth, Péter Hegyi
INTRODUCTION: Chronic pancreatitis is an inflammatory disease associated with structural and functional damage to the pancreas, causing pain, maldigestion and weight loss and thus worsening the quality of life. AIMS AND METHODS: Our aim was to find correlations from a multicentre database representing the epidemiological traits, diagnosis and treatment of the disease in Hungary. The Hungarian Pancreatic Study Group collected data prospectively from 2012 to 2014 on patients suffering from chronic pancreatitis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206780/digital-recovery-management-characterizing-recovery-specific-social-network-site-participation-and-perceived-benefit
#5
Brandon G Bergman, Nathaniel W Kelly, Bettina B Hoeppner, Corrie L Vilsaint, John F Kelly
Research shows that digital social network sites (SNSs) may be valuable platforms to effect health behavior change. Little is known specifically about their ability to help address alcohol and other drug problems. This gap is noteworthy, given that individuals are already participating in existing, recovery-specific SNSs (hereafter referred to as recovery SNSs): online communities with the functionality of conventional SNSs (e.g., Facebook) that focus on substance use disorder (SUD) recovery. For example, InTheRooms...
February 16, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203387/an-overview-of-available-drugs-for-management-of-opioid-abuse-during-pregnancy
#6
REVIEW
Jillian Laslo, Jon-Michael Brunner, Daniel Burns, Emily Butler, Autumn Cunningham, Ryan Killpack, Courtney Pyeritz, Kimberly Rinard, Jennifer Childers, Joseph Horzempa
The prevalence of opioid abuse in the United States has been steadily increasing over the last several years among many major demographics, including pregnant women. Rise in prenatal opioid abuse has resulted in subsequent escalation of neonatal abstinence syndrome incidence, prompting the US Congress to pass the Protecting Our Infants Act of 2015. This act specifically calls for a critical review of current treatment options for prenatal opioid abuse which may ultimately lead to the development of better therapies and a decreased incidence of neonatal abstinence syndrome...
2017: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202787/dysregulated-glycine-signaling-contributes-to-increased-impulsivity-during-protracted-alcohol-abstinence
#7
Cristina Irimia, Matthew W Buczynski, Luis A Natividad, Sarah A Laredo, Nathaniel Avalos, Loren H Parsons
Persons with alcoholism who are abstinent exhibit persistent impairments in the capacity for response inhibition, and this form of impulsivity is significantly associated with heightened relapse risk. Brain-imaging studies implicate aberrant prefrontal cortical function in this behavioral pathology, although the underlying mechanisms are not understood. Here we present evidence that deficient activation of glycine and serine release in the ventral medial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) contributes to increased motor impulsivity during protracted abstinence from long-term alcohol exposure...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199450/association-between-smoking-status-preoperative-exhaled-carbon-monoxide-levels-and-postoperative-surgical-site-infection-in-patients-undergoing-elective-surgery
#8
Margaret B Nolan, David P Martin, Rodney Thompson, Darrell R Schroeder, Andrew C Hanson, David O Warner
Importance: Cigarette smoking is a risk factor for many perioperative complications, including surgical site infection (SSI). The duration of abstinence from smoking required to reduce this risk is unknown. Objectives: To evaluate if abstinence from smoking on the day of surgery is associated with a decreased frequency of SSI in patients who smoke cigarettes and to confirm that smoking is significantly independently associated with SSI when adjustment is made for potentially relevant covariates, such as body mass index...
February 15, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199203/neurogenetics-of-acute-and-chronic-opiate-opioid-abstinence-treating-symptoms-and-the-cause
#9
Kenneth Blum, Mark S Gold, William Jacobs, William Vaughn McCall, Marcelo Febo, David Baron, Kristina Dushaj, Zsolt Demetrovics, Rajendra D Badgaiyan
This review begins with a comprehensive history of opioid dependence and treatment in the United States. The focus is an evidence-based treatment model for opioid/opiate dependent individuals. The role of reward genetic polymorphisms and the epigenetic modifications that lead to vulnerability to use and misuse of opiates/opioid to treat pain are reviewed. The neurochemical mechanisms of acute opiate withdrawal and opiate/opioid reward mechanisms are explored with a goal of identifying specific treatment targets...
March 1, 2017: Frontiers in Bioscience (Landmark Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199070/randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-exercise-to-health-education-for-stimulant-use-disorder-results-from-the-ctn-0037-stimulant-reduction-intervention-using-dosed-exercise-stride-study
#10
Madhukar H Trivedi, Tracy L Greer, Chad D Rethorst, Thomas Carmody, Bruce D Grannemann, Robrina Walker, Diane Warden, Kathy Shores-Wilson, Mark Stoutenberg, Neal Oden, Meredith Silverstein, Candace Hodgkins, Lee Love, Cindy Seamans, Angela Stotts, Trey Causey, Regina P Szucs-Reed, Paul Rinaldi, Hugh Myrick, Michele Straus, David Liu, Robert Lindblad, Timothy Church, Steven N Blair, Edward V Nunes
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate exercise as a treatment for stimulant use disorders. METHODS: The STimulant Reduction Intervention using Dosed Exercise (STRIDE) study was a randomized clinical trial conducted in 9 residential addiction treatment programs across the United States from July 2010 to February 2013. Of 497 adults referred to the study, 302 met all eligibility criteria, including DSM-IV criteria for stimulant abuse and/or dependence, and were randomized to either a dosed exercise intervention (Exercise) or a health education intervention (Health Education) control, both augmenting treatment as usual and conducted thrice weekly for 12 weeks...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196680/trajectories-of-substance-use-frequency-among-adolescents-seen-in-primary-care-implications-for-screening
#11
Scott E Hadland, Sarah H Copelas, Sion K Harris
OBJECTIVE: To identify trajectories of substance use in a prospective cohort of adolescent primary care patients one year after a clinic visit. STUDY DESIGN: We recruited 12- to 18-year-olds from 9 New England practices between 2005 and 2008 and identified 5 trajectories of substance use. We first distinguished adolescents with no past-year use at a baseline clinic visit and at 12-month follow-up (trajectory A). For adolescents who used substances, we assessed past 90-day use at both timepoints, and identified the remaining 4 trajectories based on frequency of use...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196405/psychosocial-interventions-for-supporting-women-to-stop-smoking-in-pregnancy
#12
REVIEW
Catherine Chamberlain, Alison O'Mara-Eves, Jessie Porter, Tim Coleman, Susan M Perlen, James Thomas, Joanne E McKenzie
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking remains one of the few preventable factors associated with complications in pregnancy, and has serious long-term implications for women and babies. Smoking in pregnancy is decreasing in high-income countries, but is strongly associated with poverty and is increasing in low- to middle-income countries. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of smoking cessation interventions during pregnancy on smoking behaviour and perinatal health outcomes...
February 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196282/phosphatidylethanol-peth-detects-moderate-to-heavy-alcohol-use-in-liver-transplant-recipients
#13
Michael Francis Fleming, Matthew J Smith, Erika Oslakovic, Michael R Lucey, Jenny X Vue, Patrice Al-Saden, Josh Levitsky
BACKGROUND: Alcohol dependent liver transplantation (LT) patients who resume alcohol are at risk for a number of alcohol related problems including liver injury and liver failure. Post LT patients are strongly advised to remain abstinent. However, we don't know how well this population complies due to a lack of valid methods (self-report and/or biomarkers) to identify alcohol use. Studies suggest as many as 50% resume alcohol use within 5 years. Phosphatidylethanol (PEth) is a new cell-membrane phospholipid biomarker to identify alcohol use in the past 28 days...
February 14, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196031/smoking-increases-the-rate-of-reoperation-for-infection-within-90-days-after-primary-total-joint-arthroplasty
#14
Eric H Tischler, Laura Matsen Ko, Antonia F Chen, Mitchell G Maltenfort, Jacob Schroeder, Matthew S Austin
BACKGROUND: The relationship between smoking and complications after total joint arthroplasty is unclear. Prior studies have been limited by relatively small sample sizes or investigation of select cohorts. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between smoking and readmission and/or reoperation within 90 days of total joint arthroplasty in a large, non-select cohort of patients. METHODS: Using our institutional database, we retrospectively identified patients who underwent primary total joint arthroplasty between 2000 and 2014...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195638/significant-changes-in-sexual-behavior-after-a-diagnosis-of-human-papillomavirus-positive-and-human-papillomavirus-negative-oral-cancer
#15
Miren Taberna, Ronald C Inglehart, Robert K L Pickard, Carole Fakhry, Amit Agrawal, Mira L Katz, Maura L Gillison
BACKGROUND: Sexual behavior and oral human papillomavirus (HPV) infection are risk factors for oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). The effects of OSCC diagnosis and treatment on subsequent relationship stress and sexual behavior are unknown. METHODS: Incident cases of HPV-positive or HPV-negative OSCC in patients who had a partnered relationship and partners of patients with oropharyngeal cancer were eligible for a study in which surveys were administered at diagnosis and at the 6-month follow-up time point to assess relationship distress, HPV transmission and concerns about health consequences, and sexual behavior...
February 14, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195010/efficacy-of-a-universal-smoking-cessation-intervention-initiated-in-inpatient-psychiatry-and-continued-post-discharge-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Alexandra P Metse, John Wiggers, Paula Wye, Luke Wolfenden, Megan Freund, Richard Clancy, Emily Stockings, Margarett Terry, John Allan, Kim Colyvas, Judith J Prochaska, Jenny A Bowman
OBJECTIVE: Interventions are required to redress the disproportionate tobacco-related health burden experienced by persons with a mental illness. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of a universal smoking cessation intervention initiated within an acute psychiatric inpatient setting and continued post-discharge in reducing smoking prevalence and increasing quitting behaviours. METHOD: A randomised controlled trial was undertaken across four psychiatric inpatient facilities in Australia...
February 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192622/the-safety-and-efficacy-of-baclofen-to-reduce-alcohol-use-in-veterans-with-chronic-hepatitis-c-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
Peter Hauser, Bret Fuller, Samuel B Ho, Paul Thuras, Shira Kern, Eric Dieperink
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Alcohol use disorders (AUDs) are common among people with chronic hepatitis C (HCV) and accelerate the development of fibrosis and cirrhosis caused by HCV. Baclofen, a gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) beta-receptor agonist, differs from medications for AUDs currently approved by the United States (US) Federal Drug Administration (FDA) as it is metabolized primarily through the kidneys. The primary outcome of this study was to compare baclofen with a placebo in the percentage of days abstinent from alcohol...
February 13, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191694/generalizability-of-findings-from-randomized-controlled-trials-application-to-the-national-institute-of-drug-abuse-clinical-trials-network
#18
Ryoko Susukida, Rosa M Crum, Cyrus Ebnesajjad, Elizabeth A Stuart, Ramin Mojtabai
AIMS: To compare randomized controlled trial (RCT) sample treatment effects with the population effects of substance use disorder (SUD) treatment. DESIGN: Statistical weighting was used to re-compute the effects from ten RCTs such that the participants in the trials had characteristics that resembled those of patients in the target populations. SETTINGS: Multi-site RCTs and usual SUD treatment settings in the USA. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 3,592 patients in ten RCTs and 1,602,226 patients from usual SUD treatment settings between 2001 and 2009...
February 13, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190543/quality-of-life-as-an-outcome-of-opioid-use-disorder-treatment-a-systematic-review
#19
Jeremy W Bray, Brandon Aden, Ashley A Eggman, Leah Hellerstein, Eve Wittenberg, Bohdan Nosyk, Judy C Stribling, Bruce R Schackman
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The recent opioid epidemic has prompted renewed interest in opioid use disorder treatment, but there is little evidence regarding health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL) outcomes in treatment programs. Measuring HRQoL represents an opportunity to consider outcomes of opioid use disorder treatment that are more patient-centered and more relevant to overall health than abstinence alone. We conducted a systematic literature review to explore the extent to which the collection of HRQoL by opioid treatment programs is documented in the treatment program literature...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28189122/nt-procnp-as-a-new-indicator-of-asthenozoospermia
#20
Ryszard Tomasiuk, Ricardo Faundez, Marek Cacko, Małgorzata Mikaszewska-Sokolewicz, Andrzej Cacko, Michał Rabijewski
PURPOSE: C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) is a proinflammatory peptide. The highest concentration of CNP is found in male reproductive organs. This study aims to analyze the role of N-terminal C-type natriuretic propeptide (NT-proCNP) as a new indicator of asthenozoospermia. MATERIAL/METHODS: Semen was collected after 3-5 days of sexual abstinence from 86 men. The participants were between 25 and 38 years old, 51 of which had asthenozoospermia and 35 of which had normal sperm motility...
May 13, 2016: Advances in Medical Sciences
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