keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

apples

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338881/mdhb1-down-regulation-activates-anthocyanin-biosynthesis-in-the-white-fleshed-apple-cultivar-granny-smith
#1
Yonghua Jiang, Cuihua Liu, Dan Yan, Xiaohong Wen, Yanli Liu, Haojie Wang, Jieyu Dai, Yujie Zhang, Yanfei Liu, Bin Zhou, Xiaolin Ren
Coloration in apple (Malus×domestica) flesh is mainly caused by the accumulation of anthocyanin. Anthocyanin is biosynthesized through the flavonoid pathway and regulated by MYB, bHLH, and WD40 transcription factors (TFs). Here, we report that the HD-Zip I TF MdHB1 was also involved in the regulation of anthocyanin accumulation. MdHB1 silencing caused the accumulation of anthocyanin in 'Granny Smith' flesh, whereas its overexpression reduced the flesh content of anthocyanin in 'Ballerina' (red-fleshed apple)...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338805/deciphering-the-genetic-control-of-fruit-texture-in-apple-by-multiple-family-based-analysis-and-genome-wide-association
#2
Mario Di Guardo, Marco C A M Bink, Walter Guerra, Thomas Letschka, Lidia Lozano, Nicola Busatto, Lara Poles, Alice Tadiello, Luca Bianco, Richard G F Visser, Eric van de Weg, Fabrizio Costa
Fruit texture is a complex feature composed of mechanical and acoustic properties relying on the modifications occurring in the cell wall throughout fruit development and ripening. Apple is characterized by a large variation in fruit texture behavior that directly impacts both the consumer's appreciation and post-harvest performance. To decipher the genetic control of fruit texture comprehensively, two complementing quantitative trait locus (QTL) mapping approaches were employed. The first was represented by a pedigree-based analysis (PBA) carried out on six full-sib pedigreed families, while the second was a genome-wide association study (GWAS) performed on a collection of 233 apple accessions...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338794/genome-wide-association-study-unravels-the-genetic-control-of-the-apple-volatilome-and-its-interplay-with-fruit-texture
#3
Brian Farneti, Mario Di Guardo, Iuliia Khomenko, Luca Cappellin, Franco Biasioli, Riccardo Velasco, Fabrizio Costa
Fruit quality represents a fundamental factor guiding consumers' preferences. Among apple quality traits, volatile organic compounds and texture features play a major role. Proton Transfer Reaction-Time of Flight-Mass Spectrometry (PTR-ToF-MS), coupled with an artificial chewing device, was used to profile the entire apple volatilome of 162 apple accessions, while the fruit texture was dissected with a TAXT-AED texture analyzer. The array of volatile compounds was classed into seven major groups and used in a genome-wide association analysis carried out with 9142 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs)...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338764/fruit-and-vegetable-intake-and-the-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-total-cancer-and-all-cause-mortality-a-systematic-review-and-dose-response-meta-analysis-of-prospective-studies
#4
Dagfinn Aune, Edward Giovannucci, Paolo Boffetta, Lars T Fadnes, NaNa Keum, Teresa Norat, Darren C Greenwood, Elio Riboli, Lars J Vatten, Serena Tonstad
Background: Questions remain about the strength and shape of the dose-response relationship between fruit and vegetable intake and risk of cardiovascular disease, cancer and mortality, and the effects of specific types of fruit and vegetables. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to clarify these associations. Methods: PubMed and Embase were searched up to 29 September 2016. Prospective studies of fruit and vegetable intake and cardiovascular disease, total cancer and all-cause mortality were included...
February 22, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338453/letter-to-the-editor-the-ancient-apples-and-oranges-conundrum-a-call-for-methodological-precision
#5
Tobias A Mattei, Alisson R Teles
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 24, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337052/an-eigenvalue-localization-set-for-tensors-and-its-applications
#6
Jianxing Zhao, Caili Sang
A new eigenvalue localization set for tensors is given and proved to be tighter than those presented by Li et al. (Linear Algebra Appl. 481:36-53, 2015) and Huang et al. (J. Inequal. Appl. 2016:254, 2016). As an application of this set, new bounds for the minimum eigenvalue of [Formula: see text]-tensors are established and proved to be sharper than some known results. Compared with the results obtained by Huang et al., the advantage of our results is that, without considering the selection of nonempty proper subsets S of [Formula: see text], we can obtain a tighter eigenvalue localization set for tensors and sharper bounds for the minimum eigenvalue of [Formula: see text]-tensors...
2017: J Inequal Appl
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336557/catechins-as-potential-mediators-of-cardiovascular-health
#7
REVIEW
Daniel R Mangels, Emile R Mohler
The impact of diet on cardiovascular disease has become an increasingly relevant topic as ongoing epidemiological evidence continues to demonstrate clear associations with disease burden and mortality. Certain diets, such as those high in sodium and saturated fat, are associated with cardiovascular disease states, while other diets can be cardioprotective. However, there is limited knowledge on how the micro- and macronutrients within such cardioprotective diets afford their benefits. One such micronutrient is the catechin class, which are naturally occurring compounds in plant foods, such as teas, cocoa, wine, pears, and apples...
March 23, 2017: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336338/knockdown-of-appl-mimics-transgenic-a%C3%AE-induced-neurodegenerative-phenotypes-in-drosophila
#8
Sandeep Kumar Singh, Saurabh Srivastav, Amarish Kumar Yadav, Saripella Srikrishna
A variety of Drosophila mutant lines have been established as potential disease-models to study various disease mechanisms including human neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer's disease (AD), Huntington's disease (HD) and Parkinson's disease (PD). The evolutionary conservation of APP (Amyloid Precursor Protein) and APPL (Amyloid Precursor Protein-Like) and the comparable detrimental effects caused by their metabolic products strongly implies the conservation of their normal physiological functions. In view of this milieu, a comparative analysis on the pattern of neurodegenerative phenotypes between Drosophila APPL-RNAi line and transgenic Drosophila line expressing eye tissue specific human Aβ (Amyloid beta) was undertaken...
March 20, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334520/new-approach-for-vertical-bone-regeneration-using-in-situ-gelling-and-sustained-bmp-2-releasing-poly-phosphazene-hydrogel-system-on-peri-implant-site-with-critical-defect-in-a-canine-model
#9
Bo-Bae Seo, Hae-Im Chang, Hyuck Choi, Jeong-Tae Koh, Kwi-Dug Yun, Jae-Yeol Lee, Soo-Chang Song
An injectable hydrogel system with sustained bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2) release ability was developed for vertical bone regeneration at peri-implant sites and enhanced osseointegration of dental implants. In three young male beagle dogs, a pair of defects was created on both sides of the mandibular bone. Next, two implants were transplanted into each defect. In situ gelling polymer solutions with or without BMP-2 were applied to cover the implants and mandibular defects. The effects of the in situ gelling and sustained BMP-2 releasing (IGSR) hydrogel system on peri-implant bone regeneration were evaluated by radiologic examination, micro-computed tomography, and histomorphometric analysis...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334507/comparative-study-of-cytotoxicity-and-genotoxicity-of-commercial-jeffamines%C3%A2-and-polyethylenimine-in-cho-k1-cells
#10
Leniher Castan, Cristiano José da Silva, Eduardo Ferreira Molina, Raquel Alves Dos Santos
Jeffamines(®) are a family of polymers containing primary amine groups attached to the extremities of polyether backbone which can be used as biomaterials. They have been used in combination with polyethylenimine (PEI) to improve biocompatibility in drug and gene delivery systems. Despite these facts, very few studies have been done on cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of pure Jeffamines(®) or compared with PEI. The present study aimed to evaluate and compare the cytotoxic and genotoxic effects of Jeffamines(®) and PEI in CHO-K1 cells...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332451/inhibitory-effect-of-fruit-juices-on-the-doxorubicin-metabolizing-activity-of-carbonyl-reductase-1
#11
Takeshi Miura, Katsutoshi Nagai, Shingo Kaneshiro, Ayako Taketomi, Toshikatsu Nakabayashi, Hiroki Konishi, Toru Nishinaka, Tomoyuki Terada
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Doxorubicin, an anthracycline anti-cancer drug, is effective for breast cancer and childhood lymphoma. Chronic cardiotoxicity has been known as a critical adverse effect of doxorubicin and is attributed to its metabolite doxorubicinol produced by carbonyl reductase 1 (CBR1, SDR21C1). Some flavonoids have been reported to act as inhibitors for CBR1, therefore, commercially available juices containing flavonoids are likely to be applicable as a prophylactic treatment against doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity by suppression doxorubicinol production...
March 9, 2017: Drug Metabolism Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331280/existence-and-hadamard-well-posedness-of-a-system-of-simultaneous-generalized-vector-quasi-equilibrium-problems
#12
Wenyan Zhang, Jing Zeng
An existence result for the solution set of a system of simultaneous generalized vector quasi-equilibrium problems (for short, (SSGVQEP)) is obtained, which improves Theorem 3.1 of the work of Ansari et al. (J. Optim. Theory Appl. 127:27-44, 2005). Moreover, a definition of Hadamard-type well-posedness for (SSGVQEP) is introduced and sufficient conditions for Hadamard well-posedness of (SSGVQEP) are established.
2017: J Inequal Appl
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330279/immobilization-of%C3%A2-bacillus-amyloliquefaciens-sp1-and-its-alkaline-protease-in-various-matrices-for-effective-hydrolysis-of-casein
#13
Shiwani Guleria, Abhishek Walia, Anjali Chauhan, C K Shirkot
An extracellular alkaline protease producing B. amyloliquefaciens SP1 was isolated from apple rhizosphere having multifarious plant growth-promoting activities. B. amyloliquefaciens SP1 protease was immobilized using various concentrations of calcium alginate, agar and polyacrylamide to determine the optimum concentration for formation of the beads. Enzyme activity before immobilization (at 60 °C, pH 8.0 for 5 min) was 3580 µg/ml/min. The results of immobilization with various matrices revealed that 3 % calcium alginate (2829...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330106/enhanced-production-of-pectinase-by-aspergillus-terreus-ncft-4269-10-using-banana-peels-as-substrate
#14
Bijay Kumar Sethi, Prativa Kumari Nanda, Santilata Sahoo
Aspergillus terreus NCFT4269.10 was implemented in solid-state (SSF) and liquid static surface fermentation (LSSF) for biosynthesis of pectinase. Amongst various substrates, like, mustard oil cake, neem oil cake, groundnut oil cake, black gram peels, green gram peels, chickling vetch peels/grass pea peels wheat bran, pearl millet residues, finger millet waste, broken rice, banana peels (BP), apple pomace (AP) and orange peels, banana peel (Musa paradisiaca L.; Family: Musaceae) was most suitable for pectinase biosynthesis (LSSF: 400 ± 21...
June 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328390/the-efficacy-of-telemedicine-supported-discharge-within-an-in-home-model-of-care
#15
Edwin P Greenup, Melissa McCusker, Boyd A Potts, Andrew Bryett
OBJECTIVE: To determine if mobile videoconferencing technology can facilitate the discharge of low-acuity patients receiving in-home care without compromising short-term health outcomes. METHODS: A 6-month trial commenced in July 2015 with 345 patients considered unsuited to Criteria Led Discharge (CLD) receiving in-home care included as participants. Nurses providing clinical support to patients in their homes were supplied with a tablet computer (Apple iPad) with Internet connectivity (Telstra 4G Network) and videoconferencing software (Cisco Jabber for Telepresence)...
February 22, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326616/high-prevalence-of-sensitization-to-gibberellin-regulated-protein-peamaclein-in-fruit-allergies-with-negative-immunoglobulin-e-reactivity-to-bet-v-1-homologs-and-profilin-clinical-pattern-causative-fruits-and-cofactor-effect-of-gibberellin-regulated-protein
#16
Naoko Inomata, Mami Miyakawa, Michiko Aihara
Gibberellin-regulated protein (GRP) is a new allergen in peach allergy, with an amino acid sequence very well conserved through several botanical species. We investigated the allergenicity of GRP in fruit allergies other than peaches and identified the clinical characteristics of fruit allergy patients with GRP sensitization. One hundred consecutive Japanese patients with fruit allergies were enrolled in the present study. To identify the features of GRP sensitization, we selected patients with negative ImmunoCAP results for Bet v 1 homologs and profilin, which are marker allergens for pollen-food allergy syndrome (PFAS), or lipid transfer protein...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326540/a-life-history-approach-to-delineating-how-harsh-environments-and-hawk-temperament-traits-differentially-shape-children-s-problem-solving-skills
#17
Jennifer H Suor, Melissa L Sturge-Apple, Patrick T Davies, Dante Cicchetti
BACKGROUND: Harsh environments are known to predict deficits in children's cognitive abilities. Life history theory approaches challenge this interpretation, proposing stressed children's cognition becomes specialized to solve problems in fitness-enhancing ways. The goal of this study was to examine associations between early environmental harshness and children's problem-solving outcomes across tasks varying in ecological relevance. In addition, we utilize an evolutionary model of temperament toward further specifying whether hawk temperament traits moderate these associations...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323397/in-vivo-response-to-decellularized-mesothelium-scaffolds
#18
Michael J Cronce, Renea A Faulknor, Irina Pomerantseva, Xiang-Hong Liu, Scott M Goldman, Emmanuel C Ekwueme, Olive Mwizerwa, Craig M Neville, Cathryn A Sundback
Biological surgical scaffolds are used in plastic and reconstructive surgery to support structural reinforcement and regeneration of soft tissue defects. Macrophage and fibroblast cell populations heavily regulate scaffold integration into host tissue following implantation. In the present study, the biological host response to a commercially available surgical scaffold (Meso BioMatrix Surgical Mesh (MBM)) was investigated for up to 9 weeks after subcutaneous implantation; this scaffold promoted superior cell migration and infiltration previously in in vitro studies relative to other commercially available scaffolds...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323392/influence-of-steel-implant-surface-microtopography-on-soft-and-hard-tissue-integration
#19
J S Hayes, H Klöppel, R Wieling, C M Sprecher, R G Richards
After implantation of an internal fracture fixation device, blood contacts the surface, followed by protein adsorption, resulting in either soft-tissue adhesion or matrix adhesion and mineralization. Without protein adsorption and cell adhesion under the presence of micro-motion, fibrous capsule formation can occur, often surrounding a liquid filled void at the implant-tissue interface. Clinically, fibrous capsule formation is more prevalent with electropolished stainless steel (EPSS) plates than with current commercially pure titanium (cpTi) plates...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323389/atomic-force-microscopy-in-the-production-of-a-biovital-skin-graft-based-on-human-acellular-dermal-matrix-produced-in-house-and-in-vitro-cultured-human-fibroblasts
#20
Wojciech Łabuś, Justyna Glik, Agnieszka Klama-Baryła, Diana Kitala, Małgorzata Kraut, Mariusz Maj, Mariusz Nowak, Marcelina Misiuga, Andrzej Marcinkowski, Barbara Trzebicka, Ryszard Poloczek, Marek Kawecki
The most efficient method in III° burn treatment is the use of the autologous split thickness skin grafts that were donated from undamaged body area. The main limitation of this method is lack of suitable donor sites. Tissue engineering is a useful tool to solve this problem. The goal of this study was to find the most efficient way of producing biovital skin substitute based on in house produced acellular dermal matrix ADM and in vitro cultured fibroblasts. Sixty samples of sterilized human allogeneic skin (that came from 10 different donors) were used to examine the influence of decellularizing substances on extracellular matrix and clinical usefulness of the test samples of allogeneic human dermis...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
keyword
keyword
23016
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"