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W Z Pan, D X Zhou, X C Zhang, L Zhang, L Wei, J B Ge
Objective: To investigate the safety and efficacy of transcatheter aortic valve replacement(TAVR) through transcarotid approach for patients with severe aortic valve stenosis. Methods: The clinical data of 9 symptomatic severe aortic valve stenosis patients who had high or prohibitive risk for surgery and not suitable for TAVR through femoral artery access,and thus received TAVR through transcarotid approach in our hospital from November 2015 to February 2017 were retrospectively analyzed.The patients were followed up to observe the safety and efficacy of the procedure...
March 24, 2018: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
Qingna Zhao, Xueze Lv, Yaxiong Jia, Yu Chen, Guiyun Xu, Lujiang Qu
Current analytical methods used for composition analysis of egg products are time consuming and laborious. We developed a near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy (NIRS)-based method to determine the fat, moisture, and protein contents in homogenized egg yolk and the moisture and protein contents in homogenized egg albumen to substitute for conventional methods. The coefficients of determination in the external validation set (R2P) were over 0.8 for all chemical compositions. The ratios of performance to standard deviation (RPD) were 4...
March 19, 2018: Poultry Science
Alicia Donnellan Barraclough, Roman Zweifel, Jarrod Cusens, Sebastian Leuzinger
Diurnal courses of stem radial water dynamics represent the sum of all internal and external conditions affecting tree water relations. Changes in stem radius due to early morning water depletion and night time refilling of storage tissues is generally well documented. This study seeks to understand the unusual daytime refilling of stem elastic storage tissues present in the mangrove species Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Vierh, which deviates from our traditional understanding of hydraulics in terrestrial trees...
March 17, 2018: Tree Physiology
Misty R Riddle, Ariel C Aspiras, Karin Gaudenz, Robert Peuß, Jenny Y Sung, Brian Martineau, Megan Peavey, Andrew C Box, Julius A Tabin, Suzanne McGaugh, Richard Borowsky, Clifford J Tabin, Nicolas Rohner
Periodic food shortages are a major challenge faced by organisms in natural habitats. Cave-dwelling animals must withstand long periods of nutrient deprivation, as-in the absence of photosynthesis-caves depend on external energy sources such as seasonal floods. Here we show that cave-adapted populations of the Mexican tetra, Astyanax mexicanus, have dysregulated blood glucose homeostasis and are insulin-resistant compared to river-adapted populations. We found that multiple cave populations carry a mutation in the insulin receptor that leads to decreased insulin binding in vitro and contributes to hyperglycaemia...
March 21, 2018: Nature
Geoffrey H Tison, José M Sanchez, Brandon Ballinger, Avesh Singh, Jeffrey E Olgin, Mark J Pletcher, Eric Vittinghoff, Emily S Lee, Shannon M Fan, Rachel A Gladstone, Carlos Mikell, Nimit Sohoni, Johnson Hsieh, Gregory M Marcus
Importance: Atrial fibrillation (AF) affects 34 million people worldwide and is a leading cause of stroke. A readily accessible means to continuously monitor for AF could prevent large numbers of strokes and death. Objective: To develop and validate a deep neural network to detect AF using smartwatch data. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this multinational cardiovascular remote cohort study coordinated at the University of California, San Francisco, smartwatches were used to obtain heart rate and step count data for algorithm development...
March 21, 2018: JAMA Cardiology
S Dova, P D Karkos, J Constantinidis
BACKGROUND: There are many options for the reconstruction of frontal sinus wall defect resulting from injury, neoplastic lesions and aesthetic deformities. These mainly include autogenous grafts, allogenous grafts, and alloplastic materials. The aim of the present study is to report the advantages of using autogenous calvarial bone grafts over other reconstruction techniques, in the reconstruction of frontal defects. METHODS: We describe 16 consecutive cases of anterior frontal sinus defects between 2004 and 2015, in which calvarial bone grafts were used...
March 21, 2018: Rhinology
Hannah Brooks, Grant E Haines, M Carly Lin, S Laurie Sanderson
Vortical cross-step filtration in suspension-feeding fish has been reported recently as a novel mechanism, distinct from other biological and industrial filtration processes. Although crossflow passing over backward-facing steps generates vortices that can suspend, concentrate, and transport particles, the morphological factors affecting this vortical flow have not been identified previously. In our 3D-printed models of the oral cavity for ram suspension-feeding fish, the angle of the backward-facing step with respect to the model's dorsal midline affected vortex parameters significantly, including rotational, tangential, and axial speed...
2018: PloS One
Ramanaskanda Braveenth, Il-Ji Bae, Ji-Hun Han, Wu Qiong, Guk Seon, Kanthasamy Raagulan, Kihun Yang, Young Hee Park, Miyoung Kim, Kyu Yun Chai
Two new hole transporting materials, 2,7-bis(9,9-diphenylacridin-10(9 H )-yl)-9,9' spirobi[fluorene] (SP1) and 2,7-di(10 H -phenothiazin-10-yl)-9,9'-spirobi[fluorene] (SP2), were designed and synthesized by using the Buchwald-Hartwig coupling reaction with a high yield percentage of over 84%. Both of the materials exhibited high glass transition temperatures of over 150 °C. In order to understand the device performances, we have fabricated green phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes (PhOLEDs) with SP1 and SP2 as hole transporting materials...
March 21, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Kena Song, Zirui Wang, Ruchuan Liu, Guo Chen, Liyu Liu
Exploring the complicated development of tumors and metastases needs a deep understanding of the physical and biological interactions between cancer cells and their surrounding microenvironments. One of the major challenges is the ability to mimic the complex 3-D tissue microenvironment that particularly influences cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and apoptosis in relation to the extracellular matrix (ECM). Traditional cell culture is unable to create 3-D cell scaffolds resembling tissue complexity and functions, and, in the past, many efforts were made to realize the goal of obtaining cell clusters in hydrogels...
March 21, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Tracey Ann Cuin, Ingo Dreyer, Erwan Michard
Fast responses to an external threat depend on the rapid transmission of signals through a plant. Action potentials (APs) are proposed as such signals. Plant APs share similarities with their animal counterparts; they are proposed to depend on the activity of voltage-gated ion channels. Nonetheless, despite their demonstrated role in (a)biotic stress responses, the identities of the associated voltage-gated channels and transporters remain undefined in higher plants. By demonstrating the role of two potassium-selective channels in Arabidopsis thaliana in AP generation and shaping, we show that the plant AP does depend on similar Kv -like transport systems to those of the animal signal...
March 21, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Chang-Hun Han, Kwang-Bum Park, Francesco Guido Mangano
OBJECTIVE: In the anterior regions, the resorption of the buccal bone after tooth extraction leads to a contraction of the overlying soft tissues, resulting in an esthetic problem, particularly with immediate implant placement. In the socket shield technique, the buccal root section of the tooth is maintained, to preserve the buccal bone for immediate implant placement. The aim of this prospective study was to investigate the survival, stability, and complication rates of implants placed using a "modified" socket shield technique...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Takuya Kataoka, Motohiro Kamei
PURPOSE: To report a novel technique for intrascleral fixation of a posterior chamber intraocular lens using a silicone microtube to manipulate the haptics into position. METHODS: Intrascleral fixation was performed in six eyes and the results evaluated in this retrospective case series. A silicone microtube with a 0.2-mm external diameter was passed from a sclerocorneal incision through the chamber and a sclerotomy made using a 30-gauge needle. The tips of the intraocular lens haptics were connected to the silicone microtube outside the eye...
March 20, 2018: Retina
Diego Zanetti, Luca O Redaelli De Zinis, Federica Di Berardino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 20, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
Ignacio Rebollo, Anne-Dominique Devauchelle, Benoît Béranger, Catherine Tallon-Baudry
Resting-state networks offer a unique window into the brain's functional architecture, but their characterization remains limited to instantaneous connectivity thus far. Here, we describe a novel resting-state network based on the delayed connectivity between the brain and the slow electrical rhythm (0.05 Hz) generated in the stomach. The gastric network cuts across classical resting-state networks with partial overlap with autonomic regulation areas. This network is composed of regions with convergent functional properties involved in mapping bodily space through touch, action or vision, as well as mapping external space in bodily coordinates...
March 21, 2018: ELife
Seungjin Lee, Jong Hyun Park, Yun Seok Nam, Bo Ram Lee, Baodan Zhao, Daniele Di Nuzzo, Eui Dae Jung, Hansol Jeon, Ju-Young Kim, Hu Young Jeong, Richard H Friend, Myoung Hoon Song
Organic-inorganic hybrid perovskites are emerging as promising emitting materials due to their narrow full-width at half-maximum emissions, color tunability, and high photoluminescence quantum yields (PLQYs). However, the thermal generation of free charges at room temperature results in a low radiative recombination rate and an excitation intensity-dependent PLQY, which is associated with the trap density. Here, we report perovskite films composed of uniform nano-sized single crystals (average diameter = 31...
March 21, 2018: ACS Nano
Benjamin L Ricca, Gautham Venugopalan, Saori Furuta, Kandice Tanner, Walter A Orellana, Clay D Reber, Douglas G Brownfield, Mina J Bissell, Daniel A Fletcher
Non-malignant breast epithelial cells cultured in three-dimensional laminin-rich extracellular matrix (lrECM) form well organized, growth-arrested acini, whereas malignant cells form continuously growing disorganized structures. While the mechanical properties of the microenvironment have been shown to contribute to formation of tissue-specific architecture, how transient external force influences this behavior remains largely unexplored. Here, we show that brief transient compression applied to single malignant breast cells in lrECM stimulated them to form acinar-like structures, a phenomenon we term 'mechanical reversion...
March 21, 2018: ELife
Luiz Eduardo Sousa, Andre Avarese Figueiredo, José Murillo Bastos Netto
The male pelvic floor muscles comprise a pair of compound muscle layers referred to as the levator ani. Studies have shown that pelvic floor muscle strength is affected by physical activity. This study aimed to assess male pelvic floor muscle strength through manometry of the external anal sphincter and evaluation of its association with physical activity level, BMI, and rectal pressure in healthy men. To assess physical activity level over the previous week, we used the International Physical Activity Questionnaire 8 (IPAQ)...
March 21, 2018: Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male
Alina L Bendinger, Christin Glowa, Jörg Peter, Christian P Karger
A protocol for photoacoustic imaging (PAI) has been developed to assess pixel-based oxygen saturation (sO2) distributions of experimental tumor models. The protocol was applied to evaluate the dependence of PAI results on measurement settings, reproducibility of PAI, and for the characterization of the oxygenation status of experimental prostate tumor sublines (Dunning R3327-H, -HI, -AT1) implanted subcutaneously in male Copenhagen rats. The three-dimensional (3-D) PA data employing two wavelengths were used to estimate sO2 distributions...
March 2018: Journal of Biomedical Optics
Daniel Appel, Miriam Seeberger, Edzard Schwedhelm, Patrick Czorlich, Alwin E Goetz, Rainer H Böger, Juliane Hannemann
BACKGROUND: Delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) is the major cause of lethality and neuronal damage in patients who survived the primary subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Asymmetric and symmetric dimethylarginines (ADMA and SDMA) inhibit nitric oxide production from L-arginine via distinct mechanisms. Elevated ADMA levels are associated with vasospasm after SAH. We aimed to study the time course of ADMA and SDMA in plasma and ventricular cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and their associations with DCI and outcome...
March 20, 2018: Neurocritical Care
A-K Reinhold, E Jentho, S T Schäfer, M Bauer, H L Rittner
Epigenetics, i.e. an altered reading of the genome without altering the genes themselves is a growing scientific field. A distinction is made between changes in the DNA by modification of the histones and non-coding RNA that alter the messenger (m)RNAs. Epigenetic modifications can be triggered by personal circumstances or other external factors and therefore influence the occurrence of diseases. Epigenetics are therefore of particular interest to anesthesiologists, pain specialists and intensive care physicians, as anesthetic drugs may have a long-term influence on protein transcription leading for example to alterations in neurocognition after anesthesia, chronification of postoperative pain and immune response in sepsis...
March 20, 2018: Der Anaesthesist
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