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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723949/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-other-mental-disorders-in-the-general-population-after-lorca-s-earthquakes-2011-murcia-spain-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Fernando Navarro-Mateu, Diego Salmerón, Gemma Vilagut, Mª José Tormo, Guadalupe Ruíz-Merino, Teresa Escámez, Javier Júdez, Salvador Martínez, Karestan C Koenen, Carmen Navarro, Jordi Alonso, Ronald C Kessler
AIMS: To describe the prevalence and severity of mental disorders and to examine differences in risk among those with and without a lifetime history prior to a moderate magnitude earthquake that took place in Lorca (Murcia, Spain) at roughly the mid-point (on May 11, 2011) of the time interval in which a regional epidemiological survey was already being carried out (June 2010 -May 2012). METHODS: The PEGASUS-Murcia project is a cross-sectional face-to-face interview survey of a representative sample of non-institutionalized adults in Murcia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721393/making-workplaces-safer-the-influence-of-organisational-climate-and-individual-differences-on-safety-behaviour
#2
Michelle Ann Toppazzini, Karl Kilian Konrad Wiener
Current work health and safety practices focus predominately on fostering a safety climate to promote safety behaviours and reduce workplace accidents. Despite the importance of safety climates in accident prevention, recent research has demonstrated that individual factors can also predict work safety behaviour. This study considered the importance of organisational climate together with individual characteristics including differences in personality, impulsiveness, and perceptions of safety within the workplace on safety behaviour...
June 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721090/muscle-injections-with-lidocaine-improve-resting-fatigue-and-pain-in-patients-with-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#3
Roland Staud, Taylor Kizer, Michael E Robinson
OBJECTIVE: Patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) complain of long-lasting fatigue and pain which are not relieved by rest and worsened by physical exertion. Previous research has implicated metaboreceptors of muscles to play an important role for chronic fatigue and pain. Therefore, we hypothesized that blocking impulse input from deep tissues with intramuscular lidocaine injections would improve not only the pain but also fatigue of CFS patients. METHODS: In a double-blind, placebo-controlled study, 58 CFS patients received 20 mL of 1% lidocaine (200 mg) or normal saline once into both trapezius and gluteal muscles...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720486/loss-of-synaptic-zinc-transport-in-progranulin-deficient-mice-may-contribute-to-progranulin-associated-psychopathology-and-chronic-pain
#4
Stefanie Hardt, Juliana Heidler, Boris Albuquerque, Lucie Valek, Christine Altmann, Annett Wilken-Schmitz, Michael K E Schäfer, Ilka Wittig, Irmgard Tegeder
Affective and cognitive processing of nociception contributes to the development of chronic pain and vice versa, pain may precipitate psychopathologic symptoms. We hypothesized a higher risk for the latter with immanent neurologic diseases and studied this potential interrelationship in progranulin-deficient mice, which are a model for frontotemporal dementia, a disease dominated by behavioral abnormalities in humans. Young naïve progranulin deficient mice behaved normal in tests of short-term memory, anxiety, depression and nociception, but after peripheral nerve injury, they showed attention-deficit and depression-like behavior, over-activity, loss of shelter-seeking, reduced impulse control and compulsive feeding behavior, which did not occur in equally injured controls...
July 15, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720407/mechanical-properties-of-the-human-spinal-cord-under-the-compressive-loading
#5
Alireza Karimi, Ahmad Shojaei, Pedram Tehrani
The spinal cord as the most complex and critical part of the human body is responsible for the transmission of both motor and sensory impulses between the body and the brain. Due to its pivotal role any types of physical injury in that disrupts its function following by shortfalls, including the minor motor and sensory malfunctions as well as complicate quadriplegia and lifelong ventilator dependency. In order to shed light on the injuries to the spinal cord, the application of the computational models to simulate the trauma impact loading to that are deemed required...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720285/ultrasound-based-shear-wave-elastography-in-the-assessment-of-patients-with-diabetic-kidney-disease
#6
Flaviu Bob, Iulia Grosu, Ioan Sporea, Simona Bota, Alina Popescu, Alexandra Sima, Roxana Şirli, Ligia Petrica, Romulus Timar, Adalbert Schiller
In previous studies of acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) elastography, using Virtual Touch tissue quantification (VTQ) (Siemens Acuson S2000), it was reported that the measurement of renal shear wave speed in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is not influenced exclusively by renal fibrosis. The purpose of the present study was to analyze the role of VTQ in patients with diabetic kidney disease, considered the main cause of CKD. The study group included 164 patients: 80 patients with diabetic kidney disease (DKD) and 84 without renal disease or diabetes mellitus...
July 15, 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719886/a-longitudinal-study-of-the-reciprocal-relationship-between-ever-smoking-and-urgency-in-early-adolescence
#7
Jessica L Burris, Elizabeth Riley, Gabriella E Puleo, Gregory T Smith
BACKGROUND: Among early adolescents in the United States (U.S.), the prevalence of cigarette smoking is at its lowest level in recent decades. Nonetheless, given the risks of smoking in early development, it remains critically important to study both risk factors for smoking and risks from smoking. This longitudinal study with U.S. early adolescents examines smoking initiation and tests a model of reciprocal prediction between ever smoking and the personality trait of urgency (i.e., mood-based impulsivity), a trait that increases risk for multiple forms of dysfunction...
July 11, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718985/relationships-between-the-frequency-and-severity-of-non-suicidal-self-injury-and-suicide-attempts-in-youth-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#8
Holly E Andrewes, Carol Hulbert, Susan M Cotton, Jennifer Betts, Andrew M Chanen
AIM: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a recognized indicator of suicide risk. Yet, the ubiquity of this behaviour in borderline personality disorder (BPD) limits its utility as a predictor of risk. Consequently, this study aimed to elucidate the relationship between other features of NSSI, including frequency and severity, and suicide attempts. METHOD: Participants included 107 youth (15 to 25 year olds) with BPD who were assessed for BPD severity, depressive symptoms, 12-month frequency of NSSI and suicide attempts, as well as the levels of treatment sought following each self-harm event...
July 18, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718301/web-addiction-in-the-brain-cortical-oscillations-autonomic-activity-and-behavioral-measures
#9
Michela Balconi, Salvatore Campanella, Roberta Finocchiaro
Background and aims Internet addiction (IA) was recently defined as a disorder tagging both the impulse control and the reward systems. Specifically, inhibitory deficits and reward bias were considered highly relevant in IA. This research aims to examine the electrophysiological correlates and autonomic activity [skin conductance response (SCR) and heart rate] in two groups of young subjects (N = 25), with high or low IA profile [tested by the Internet Addiction Test (IAT)], with specific reference to gambling behavior...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718191/-treatment-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-by-orthodontic-treatment-a-thought-provoking-impulse
#10
Silvia Esther Müller-Hagedorn, Christian Friedrich Poets
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Klinische Pädiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717617/conservative-treatment-for-insertional-achilles-tendinopathy-platelet-rich-plasma-and-focused-shock-waves-a-retrospective-study
#11
Davide Erroi, Matilde Sigona, Tania Suarez, Donatella Trischitta, Antonio Pavan, Maria Chiara Vulpiani, Mario Vetrano
BACKGROUND: Insertional Achilles tendinopathy (IAT) represents a serious challenge for both physiatrists and surgeons. Here we analyse the results obtained by two conservative treatments [platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injections and focused extracorporeal shock-wave therapy (ESWT)] in physically active patients with IAT. METHODS: During two consecutive periods, 45 consecutive patients with IAT were treated with 3 sessions of ESWT (2400 impulses at 0.17-0.25 mJ/mm(2) per session) (24 cases between September 2011 and July 2013) or with 2 autologous PRP injections over two weeks (21 cases between September 2013 and July 2015)...
January 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716768/effect-of-viewing-smoking-scenes-in-motion-pictures-on-subsequent-smoking-desire-in-audiences-in-south-korea
#12
Minsung Sohn, Minsoo Jung
BACKGROUND: In the modern era of heightened awareness of public health, smoking scenes in movies remain relatively free from public monitoring. The effect of smoking scenes in movies on the promotion of viewers' smoking desire remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to explore whether exposure of adolescent smokers to images of smoking in fılms could stimulate smoking behavior. METHODS: Data were derived from a national Web-based sample survey of 748 Korean high-school students...
July 17, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716764/influence-of-time-and-direction-information-on-video-head-impulse-gains
#13
Oğuz Yılmaz, Ersoy Öz, Serkan Kurt, Öyküm Esra Aşkın, Elifnur Taşdemir, Berna Özge Mutlu, Ahmet Keleş, Raşit Cevizci
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to establish which factor leads to a higher vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) gain: the timing of the movement or the direction of the movement. For this purpose, healthy volunteers were examined under three conditions: (1) when they were informed about the timing of the head movement; (2) when they were informed about the direction of the head movement; and (3) when they knew both the timing and the direction of the head movement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included data from 19 participants between the ages of 20 and 23 years with no neurological or vestibular ailments...
July 17, 2017: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716612/impulsive-personality-dimensions-are-associated-with-altered-behavioral-performance-and-neural-responses-in-the-monetary-incentive-delay-task
#14
Ruolei Gu, Yang Jiang, Seth Kiser, Chelsea L Black, Lucas S Broster, Yue-Jia Luo, Thomas H Kelly
Individual differences in dimensions of impulsivity personality including disinhibition and sensation seeking modulate approach responses to reinforcing stimuli, such as drugs and money. The current study examined the effects of monetary incentive on both behavioral performance and electrophysiological activity among individuals varying in disinhibition and sensation seeking. The monetary incentive delay (MID) task was completed under electroencephalogram (EEG) recording. Behavioral data showed that higher disinhibition and sensation-seeking were associated with lower performance accuracy...
July 14, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716394/validation-of-a-spanish-language-version-of-the-adhd-rating-scale-iv-in-a-spanish-sample
#15
M Vallejo-Valdivielso, C A Soutullo, P de Castro-Manglano, J J Marín-Méndez, A Díez-Suárez
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to validate a Spanish-language version of the 18-item ADHD Rating Scale-IV (ADHD-RS-IV.es) in a Spanish sample. METHODS: From a total sample of 652 children and adolescents aged 6 to 17 years (mean age was 11.14±3.27), we included 518 who met the DSM-IV-TR criteria for ADHD and 134 healthy controls. To evaluate the factorial structure, validity, and reliability of the scale, we performed a confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) using structural equation modelling on a polychoric correlation matrix and maximum likelihood estimation...
July 14, 2017: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716269/dopamine-agonist-withdrawal-syndrome-daws-in-a-tertiary-parkinson-disease-treatment-center
#16
Shnehal Patel, Xiomara Garcia, Mohammad Edrees Mohammad, Xin Xin Yu, Katelyn Vlastaris, Kaley O'Donnell, Kathryn Sutton, Hubert H Fernandez
INTRODUCTION: Dopamine agonists are a mainstay of treatment for patients with Parkinson disease (PD). However, side effects limit their use, often necessitating dose change. Upon withdrawal, patients may experience dopamine agonist withdrawal syndrome (DAWS). To date, there is no established protocol for the prevention or treatment of DAWS. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of PD patients who were taking a dopamine agonist. RESULTS: In our large cohort of 313 PD patients who were on a dopamine agonist, we found that 39...
August 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715675/resting-state-brain-networks-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-and-impulse-control-disorders
#17
Alessandro Tessitore, Gabriella Santangelo, Rosa De Micco, Alfonso Giordano, Simona Raimo, Marianna Amboni, Fabrizio Esposito, Paolo Barone, Gioacchino Tedeschi, Carmine Vitale
INTRODUCTION: To investigate intrinsic neural networks connectivity changes in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients with and without impulse control disorders (ICD). METHODS: Fifteen patients with PD with ICD (ICD+), 15 patients with PD without ICD (ICD-) and 24 age and sex-matched healthy controls (HC) were enrolled in the study. To identify patients with and without ICD and/or punding, we used the Minnesota Impulsive Disorders Interview (MIDI) and a clinical interview based on diagnostic criteria for each symptom...
June 24, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715663/a-laboratory-model-of-impulsivity-and-alcohol-use-in-late-adolescence
#18
Matthew J Gullo, Natalie J Loxton, Therese Price, Joanne Voisey, Ross McD Young, Jason P Connor
Impulsivity is a core characteristic of externalizing problems and a robust predictor of alcohol use in adolescence. There is little evidence on the causal mechanisms through which impulsivity influences drinking or how they are affected by key social factors (peer influence). This study reports the development of the first comprehensive laboratory model of adolescent impulsivity and alcohol use. One-hundred and twenty adolescents (50% female) of legal drinking age (M = 19.47 years, SD = 1.12) in Australia (18+ years) were subjected to 1 of 3 experimental manipulations to increase impulsive behavior (reward cue exposure, negative mood induction, ego depletion)...
July 8, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715330/anti-impulse-noise-edge-detection-via-anisotropic-morphological-directional-derivatives
#19
Peng-Lang Shui, Fu-Ping Wang
Traditional differential-based edge detection suffers from abrupt degradation in performance when images are corrupted by impulse noises. The morphological operators such as the median filters and weighted median filters possess the intrinsic ability to counteract impulse noise. In this paper, by combining the biwindow configuration with weighted median filters, anisotropic morphological directional derivatives (AMDD) robust to impulse noise are proposed to measure the local grayscale variation around a pixel...
July 13, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715272/face-to-face-versus-online-behavioral-parent-training-for-young-children-at-risk-for-adhd-treatment-engagement-and-outcomes
#20
George J DuPaul, Lee Kern, Georgia Belk, Beth Custer, Molly Daffner, Andrea Hatfield, Daniel Peek
Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is associated with significant challenges in child functioning. Although behavioral parent training (BPT) can reduce ADHD symptoms, factors associated with traditional face-to-face (F2F) delivery results in only about half of families receiving BPT. The purpose of this pilot randomized controlled trial was to examine parent engagement and program acceptability of F2F and online BPT, as well as the efficacy of both formats relative to a waitlist control (WLC) group...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
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