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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813068/cultural-adaptation-of-the-short-self-regulation-questionnaire-suggestions-for-the-speech-area
#1
Anna Alice Almeida, Mara Behlau
Purpose: To present the translated and linguistic and culturally adapted version of the Short self-regulation Questionnaire (SSRQ) for the Brazilian Portuguese and to check its applicability to patients with dysphonia. Methods: The SSRQ is a tool used to evaluate the ability to self-regulate behavior; it has 31 items and generates three scores: total index of individual self-regulation capacity and partial scores for goal setting and impulse control. Each item should be scored by means of a Likert-type 5-point scale; the total score ranges from 29 to 145 points...
August 14, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810473/the-effect-of-self-compassion-on-the-self-regulation-of-health-behaviors-a-systematic-review
#2
David D Biber, Rebecca Ellis
The purpose of this review was to systematically review the published research on the effect of self-compassion interventions on health behaviors. A self-regulation intervention was defined as participants engaged in goal-setting behavior, goal-directed behavior, monitoring, and/or adjusting health behavior. Seven studies met the inclusion criteria and were analyzed in this review. Self-compassion interventions were just as effective as other behavior change techniques at improving self-regulation of health behavior...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809965/hill-kinetics-as-a-noise-filter-the-role-of-transcription-factor-autoregulation-in-gene-cascades
#3
Anna Ochab-Marcinek, Jakub Jędrak, Marcin Tabaka
An intuition based on deterministic models of chemical kinetics is that population heterogeneity of transcription factor levels in cells is transmitted unchanged downstream to the target genes. We use a stochastic model of a two-gene cascade with a self-regulating upstream gene to show that, counter to the intuition, there is no simple mapping (bimodal to bimodal, unimodal to unimodal) between the shapes of the distributions of transcription factor numbers and target protein numbers in cells. Due to the presence of the two regulations, the system contains two nonlinear transfer functions, defined by the Hill kinetics of transcription factor binding...
August 15, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808032/mechanical-constraint-from-growing-jaw-facilitates-mammalian-dental-diversity
#4
Elodie Renvoisé, Kathryn D Kavanagh, Vincent Lazzari, Teemu J Häkkinen, Ritva Rice, Sophie Pantalacci, Isaac Salazar-Ciudad, Jukka Jernvall
Much of the basic information about individual organ development comes from studies using model species. Whereas conservation of gene regulatory networks across higher taxa supports generalizations made from a limited number of species, generality of mechanistic inferences remains to be tested in tissue culture systems. Here, using mammalian tooth explants cultured in isolation, we investigate self-regulation of patterning by comparing developing molars of the mouse, the model species of mammalian research, and the bank vole...
August 14, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805401/the-common-sense-model-of-self-regulation-meta-analysis-and-test-of-a-process-model
#5
Martin S Hagger, Severine Koch, Nikos L D Chatzisarantis, Sheina Orbell
According to the common-sense model of self-regulation, individuals form lay representations of illnesses that guide coping procedures to manage illness threat. We meta-analyzed studies adopting the model to (a) examine the intercorrelations among illness representation dimensions, coping strategies, and illness outcomes; (b) test the sufficiency of a process model in which relations between illness representations and outcomes were mediated by coping strategies; and (c) test effects of moderators on model relations...
August 14, 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801957/monitoring-and-depth-of-strategy-use-in-computer-based-learning-environments-for-science-and-history
#6
Victor M Deekens, Jeffrey A Greene, Nikki G Lobczowski
BACKGROUND: Self-regulated learning (SRL) models position metacognitive monitoring as central to SRL processing and predictive of student learning outcomes (Winne & Hadwin, 2008; Zimmerman, 2000). A body of research evidence also indicates that depth of strategy use, ranging from surface to deep processing, is predictive of learning performance. AIMS: In this study, we investigated the relationships among the frequency of metacognitive monitoring and the utilization of deep and surface-level strategies, and the connections between these SRL processes and learning outcomes across two academic domains, science and history...
August 12, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798713/knowledge-vs-action-discrepancies-in-university-students-knowledge-about-and-self-reported-use-of-self-regulated-learning-strategies
#7
Nora M Foerst, Julia Klug, Gregor Jöstl, Christiane Spiel, Barbara Schober
University students are supposed to be autonomous learners, able to adapt to an educational environment significantly less guided than school. Entering higher education poses a challenge of self-regulation, in which beginning students are often not prepared with self-regulation strategies needed. Since there are many studies assessing self-regulated learning (SRL) via classical self-reports, we know a lot about how students generally self-assess their SRL strategies. However, SRL and performance do not always correlate highly in these studies...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795102/the-swedish-version-of-the-regulatory-mode-questionnaire
#8
Danilo Garcia, Patricia Rosenberg, Erik Lindskär, Clara Amato, Ali Al Nima
The data include responses to the Swedish version of a questionnaire used to operationalize self-regulation or regulatory mode: assessment and locomotion. The data was collected among 567 Swedish high school and university students (see Garcia and Lindskär, 2016 [1]). In this article, we also include the Swedish version of the Regulatory Mode Questionnaire. The data is available, SPSS file, as supplementary material in this article.
October 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792067/the-role-of-sleep-in-the-relation-between-young-children-s-mobile-media-use-and-effortful-control
#9
Amy I Nathanson, Ine Beyens
We explored the relations among young children's mobile media use, sleep, and a form of self-regulation, temperamental effortful control (EC), among a national sample of 402 mothers who completed an online survey. We found that the relation between mobile media use and EC was moderated by children's sleep time. Tablet use was negatively related to EC only among children who slept less at night (40% of our sample). However, hand-held game player use was positively related to EC among children who slept longer at night (60% of our sample)...
August 9, 2017: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791689/theorizing-and-researching-levels-of-processing-in-self-regulated-learning
#10
Philip H Winne
BACKGROUND: Deep versus surface knowledge is widely discussed by educational practitioners. A corresponding construct, levels of processing, has received extensive theoretical and empirical attention in learning science and psychology. In both arenas, lower levels of information and shallower levels of processing are predicted and generally empirically demonstrated to limit knowledge learners gain, curtail what they can do with newly acquired knowledge, and shorten the life span of recently acquired knowledge...
August 9, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791542/etiology-of-teen-dating-violence-among-adolescent-children-of-alcoholics
#11
Jennifer A Livingston, Rina D Eiden, Jared Lessard, Meghan Casey, James Henrie, Kenneth E Leonard
Family processes in early life have been implicated in adolescent involvement in teen dating violence, yet the developmental pathways through which this occurs are not well understood. In this study, etiological pathways from parental psychopathology and marital conflict in infancy to involvement in dating violence in late adolescence were examined in a sample of children at high-risk due to parental alcohol problems. Families (N = 227) recruited when the child was 12 months of age were assessed at 12-, 24-, 36-months, kindergarten, 6th, 8th, and 12th grades...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783821/maintenance-of-certification-and-texas-sb-1148-a-threat-to-professional-self-regulation
#12
David H Johnson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 7, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782918/improvements-in-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-young-adults-in-a-randomized-trial-of-approaches-to-weight-gain-prevention
#13
Rena R Wing, Deborah F Tate, Katelyn R Garcia, Judy Bahnson, Cora E Lewis, Mark A Espeland
OBJECTIVE: Weight gain occurs commonly in young adults and increases the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Following on a previous report that two self-regulation interventions reduced weight gain relative to control, this study examines whether these interventions also benefit CVD risk factors. METHODS: The Study of Novel Approaches to Weight Gain Prevention was a randomized trial in two academic settings (N = 599; 18-35 years; BMI 21-30 kg/m(2) ) comparing two interventions (Self-Regulation with Small Changes; Self-Regulation with Large Changes) and a control group...
August 7, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782249/self-regulated-learning-from-illustrated-text-eye-movement-modelling-to-support-use-and-regulation-of-cognitive-processes-during-learning-from-multimedia
#14
Katharina Scheiter, Carina Schubert, Anne Schüler
BACKGROUND: When learning with text and pictures, learners often fail to adequately process the materials, which can be explained as a failure to self-regulate one's learning by choosing adequate cognitive learning processes. Eye movement modelling examples (EMME) showing how to process multimedia instruction have improved elementary school children's learning from text and pictures in previous studies. AIMS: We tested whether the positive effects of EMME for improving self-regulated multimedia learning extend to university students and teaching of more comprehensive processing strategies...
August 7, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777779/health-and-self-regulation-among-school-age-children-experiencing-family-homelessness
#15
Andrew J Barnes, Theresa L Lafavor, J J Cutuli, Lei Zhang, Charles N Oberg, Ann S Masten
Children in homeless families have high levels of adversity and are at risk for behavior problems and chronic health conditions, however little is known about the relationship between cognitive-emotional self-regulation and health among school-aged homeless children. Children (n = 86; mean age 10.5) living in shelters were assessed for health, family stress/adversity, emotional-behavioral regulation, nonverbal intellectual abilities, and executive function. Vision problems were the most prevalent health condition, followed by chronic respiratory conditions...
August 4, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776482/procrastination-as-a-self-regulation-failure-the-role-of-impulsivity-and-intrusive-thoughts
#16
Marie My Lien Rebetez, Lucien Rochat, Catherine Barsics, Martial Van der Linden
Procrastination has been described as the quintessence of self-regulatory failure. This study examines the relationships between this self-regulatory failure and other manifestations of self-regulation problems, namely impulsivity and intrusive thoughts. One hundred and forty-one participants completed questionnaires assessing procrastination, impulsivity (in particular, the urgency and lack of perseverance dimensions), and intrusive thoughts (i.e., rumination and daydreaming). Main results show that urgency mediated the association between rumination and procrastination, whereas rumination did not mediate the relation between urgency and procrastination...
January 1, 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772528/boronic-acid-as-glucose-sensitive-agent-regulates-drug-delivery-for-diabetes-treatment
#17
REVIEW
Li Zhao, Qiongwei Huang, Yangyang Liu, Qing Wang, Liyan Wang, Shanshan Xiao, Fei Bi, Jianxun Ding
In recent years, glucose-sensitive drug delivery systems have attracted considerable attention in the treatment of diabetes. These systems can regulate payload release by the changes of blood glucose levels continuously and automatically with potential application in self-regulated drug delivery. Boronic acid (BA), especially phenylboronic acid (PBA), as glucose-sensitive agent has been the focus of research in the design of glucose-sensitive platforms. This article reviews the previous attempts at the developments of PBA-based glucose-sensitive drug delivery systems regarding the PBA-functionalized materials and glucose-triggered drug delivery...
February 13, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772194/perseverate-or-decenter-differential-effects-of-metacognition-on-the-relationship-between-parasympathetic-inflexibility-and-symptoms-of-depression-in-a-multi-wave-study
#18
Jonathan P Stange, Jessica L Hamilton, David M Fresco, Lauren B Alloy
Depression often is characterized by inflexible autonomic and metacognitive processes that interfere with effective self-regulation. However, few studies have integrated these factors to improve the prediction of which individuals are at greatest risk for depression. Among 134 undergraduates, we evaluated whether parasympathetic inflexibility (a lack of reduction in respiratory sinus arrhythmia) in response to a sadness induction involving loss would prospectively predict symptoms of depression across four waves of follow-up over twelve weeks...
July 17, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772021/self-regulated-and-temporal-control-of-a-breathing-microgel-mediated-by-enzymatic-reaction
#19
Jan van Hest, Hailong Che, Bastiaan Buddingh'
Naturally occurring systems have the ability to self-regulate, which plays a key role in their structural and functional adaption. The autonomous behaviour in living systems is biocatalytically controlled by the continuous consumption of energy to remain in a non-equilibrium condition. In this work, we show the construction of a self-regulated "breathing" microgel that uses chemical fuels to keep the system in the out-of-equilibrium state. The enzyme urease is utilized to programme a feedback-induced pH change which in turn tunes the size switch and fluorescence intensity of the microgel...
August 3, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771909/inter-professionals-definitions-of-moral-resilience
#20
Heidi Holtz, Katherine Heinze, Cynda Rushton
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this qualitative descriptive study was to describe common characteristics and themes of the concept of moral resilience as reported by inter-professional clinicians in healthcare. BACKGROUND: Research has provided an abundance of data on moral distress with limited research to resolve and help negate the detrimental effects of moral distress. This calls for much needed research on how to mitigate the negative consequences of moral distress that plague nurses and other healthcare providers...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
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