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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210966/predictors-of-physical-activity-after-gastric-bypass-a-prospective-study
#1
Irmelin Bergh, Ingela Lundin Kvalem, Tom Mala, Bjørge Herman Hansen, Falko F Sniehotta
BACKGROUND: Most patients do not meet the recommended level of physical activity after bariatric surgery, and psychological factors underlying postoperative physical activity remain poorly understood. This study aimed at identifying self-regulatory predictors of physical activity after bariatric surgery. METHODS: Questionnaire data including self-regulation variables and the short-version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire were obtained in a prospective cohort of 230 patients 1 year after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass...
February 16, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207613/vagal-regulation-of-cardiac-function-in-early-childhood-and-cardiovascular-risk-in-adolescence
#2
Meghan J Gangel, Lilly Shanahan, Jacek Kolacz, James A Janssen, Ashley Brown, Susan D Calkins, Susan P Keane, Laurie Wideman
OBJECTIVE: Poor behavioral self-regulation in the first two decades of life has been identified as an important precursor of disease risk in adulthood. However, physiological regulation has not been well-studied as a disease risk factor before adulthood. We tested whether physiological regulation at age two, in the form of vagal regulation of cardiac function (indexed by RSA change), would predict three indicators of cardiovascular risk at age 16 (diastolic and systolic blood pressure and body mass index)...
February 15, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202244/changes-in-land-uses-and-ecosystem-services-under-multi-scenarios-simulation
#3
Jingya Liu, Jing Li, Keyu Qin, Zixiang Zhou, Xiaonan Yang, Ting Li
Social economy of China has been rapidly developing for more than 30years with efficient reforms and policies being issued. Societal developments have resulted in a greater use of many natural resources to the extent that the ecosystem can no longer self-regulate, thus severely damaging the balance of the ecosystem itself. This in turn has led to a deterioration in people's living environments. Our research is based on a combination of climate scenarios presented in the fifth report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and policy scenarios, including the one-child policy and carbon tax policy...
February 12, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194334/ethics-committees-in-india-past-present-and-future
#4
REVIEW
Urmila M Thatte, Padmaja A Marathe
: Following watershed amendments in Schedule Y India's star rose rather rapidly on the clinical research (especially clinical trials) horizon. Just as dramatic was the fall of this empire. At the centre of these events has been the participant and indirectly, the Ethics Committee (EC) that is established primarily to protect this individual. This paper traces the evolution of the concept of ECs in India, examines the current state of these committees in the country and suggests the way forward...
January 2017: Perspectives in Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188200/stop-think-a-simple-approach-to-encourage-the-self-assessment-of-learning
#5
Richard Guy, Bruce Byrne, Marian Dobos
A simple "stop think" approach was developed to encourage the self-assessment of learning. A key element was the requirement for students to rate their feeling of difficulty before [FOD(pre)] and after [FOD(post)] completing each of three authentic anatomy and physiology concept map exercises. The cohort was divided into low- (group L) and high-performing (group H) groups (based on final subject marks). Both FOD(pre) (group L) and FOD(post) (groups L and H) were significantly negatively correlated with score for some maps...
March 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188156/feasibility-of-peer-assessment-and-clinical-audit-to-self-regulate-the-quality-of-physiotherapy-services-a-mixed-methods-study
#6
Marjo J M Maas, Maria W G Nijhuis-van der Sanden, Femke Driehuis, Yvonne F Heerkens, Cees P M van der Vleuten, Philip J van der Wees
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the feasibility of a quality improvement programme aimed to enhance the client-centeredness, effectiveness and transparency of physiotherapy services by addressing three feasibility domains: (1) acceptability of the programme design, (2) appropriateness of the implementation strategy and (3) impact on quality improvement. DESIGN: Mixed methods study. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: 64 physiotherapists working in primary care, organised in a network of communities of practice in the Netherlands...
February 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187134/metabolic-regulation-is-sufficient-for-global-and-robust-coordination-of-glucose-uptake-catabolism-energy-production-and-growth-in-escherichia-coli
#7
Pierre Millard, Kieran Smallbone, Pedro Mendes
The metabolism of microorganisms is regulated through two main mechanisms: changes of enzyme capacities as a consequence of gene expression modulation ("hierarchical control") and changes of enzyme activities through metabolite-enzyme interactions. An increasing body of evidence indicates that hierarchical control is insufficient to explain metabolic behaviors, but the system-wide impact of metabolic regulation remains largely uncharacterized. To clarify its role, we developed and validated a detailed kinetic model of Escherichia coli central metabolism that links growth to environment...
February 10, 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187021/on-the-road-to-professionalism
#8
David H Chestnut
Many observers have concluded that we have a crisis of professionalism in the practice of medicine. In this essay, the author identifies and discusses personal attributes and commitments important in the development and maintenance of physician professionalism: humility, servant leadership, self-awareness, kindness, altruism, attention to personal well-being, responsibility and concern for patient safety, lifelong learning, self-regulation, and honesty and integrity. Professionalism requires character, but character alone is not enough...
February 10, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185925/modest-amounts-of-voluntary-exercise-reduce-pain-and-stress-related-outcomes-in-a-rat-model-of-persistent-hind-limb-inflammation
#9
M H Pitcher, F Tarum, I Z Rauf, L A Low, M C Bushnell
: Aerobic exercise improves outcomes in a variety of chronic health conditions, yet the support for exercise-induced effects on chronic pain in humans is mixed. While many rodent studies have examined the effects of exercise on persistent hypersensitivity, the vast majority employed forced exercise paradigms that are known to be highly stressful. Since stress can also produce analgesic effects, we studied how voluntary exercise, known to reduce stress in healthy subjects, alters hypersensitivity, stress and swelling in a rat model of persistent hind paw inflammation...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185873/neurofeedback-as-supplementary-training-for-optimizing-athletes-performance-a-systematic-review-with-implications-for-future-research
#10
REVIEW
Arash Mirifar, Jürgen Beckmann, Felix Ehrlenspiel
Self-regulation plays an important role in enhancing human performance. Neurofeedback is a promising noninvasive approach for modifying human brain oscillation and can be utilized in developing skills for self-regulation of brain activity. So far, the effectiveness of neurofeedback has been evaluated with regard to not only its application in clinical populations but also the enhancement of performance in general. However, reviews of the application of neurofeedback training in the sports domain are absent, although this application goes back to 1991, when it was first applied in archery...
February 6, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185338/distinguishing-subtypes-of-extrinsic-motivation-among-people-with-mild-to-borderline-intellectual-disability
#11
N Frielink, C Schuengel, P Embregts
BACKGROUND: According to self-determination theory, motivation is ordered in types, including amotivation, extrinsic motivation and intrinsic motivation. Self-determination theory defines four subtypes of extrinsic motivation: external motivation, introjected motivation, identified motivation and integrated motivation. Although it has been argued theoretically that the different types of motivation are universally applicable, Reid et al. () proposed a dichotomy of broad subtypes of extrinsic motivation for people with intellectual disability (ID) due to their cognitive limitations...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184204/neuroscience-of-childhood-poverty-evidence-of-impacts-and-mechanisms-as-vehicles-of-dialog-with-ethics
#12
Sebastián J Lipina, Kathinka Evers
Several studies have identified associations between poverty and development of self-regulation during childhood, which is broadly defined as those skills involved in cognitive, emotional, and stress self-regulation. These skills are influenced by different individual and contextual factors at multiple levels of analysis (i.e., individual, family, social, and cultural). Available evidence suggests that the influences of those biological, psychosocial, and sociocultural factors on emotional and cognitive development can vary according to the type, number, accumulation of risks, and co-occurrence of adverse circumstances that are related to poverty, the time in which these factors exert their influences, and the individual susceptibility to them...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183399/efficacy-of-a-randomized-controlled-self-regulation-based-physical-activity-intervention-for-chronic-fatigue-mediation-effects-of-physical-activity-progress-and-self-regulation-skills
#13
M M Marques, V de Gucht, I Leal, S Maes
OBJECTIVE: Examine the medium-term effects of a brief physical activity (PA) self-regulation (SR) based intervention (4-STEPS program) for chronic fatigue, and explore the mediating effects of PA related variables and SR skills. METHODS: A two-arm randomized controlled trial (Usual Care vs 4-STEPS) was carried out. The 4-STEPS program consisted of Motivational Interviewing and SR-skills training. Fatigue severity (primary outcome) and impact, PA, health-related quality of life (HrQoL), and somatic and psychological distress were assessed at baseline, post-treatment (12weeks) and 12months follow-up...
March 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179159/in-vivo-osteogenic-differentiation-of-stem-cells-inside-compartmentalized-capsules-loaded-with-co-cultured-endothelial-cells
#14
Clara R Correia, Tírcia C Santos, Rogério P Pirraco, Mariana T Cerqueira, Alexandra P Marques, Rui L Reis, João F Mano
: Capsules coated with polyelectrolytes and co-encapsulating adipose stem (ASCs) and endothelial (ECs) cells with surface modified microparticles are developed. Microparticles and cells are freely dispersed in a liquified core, responsible to maximize the diffusion of essential molecules and allowing the geometrical freedom for the autonomous three-dimensional (3D) organization of cells. While the membrane wraps all the instructive cargo elements within a single structure, the microparticles provide a solid 3D substrate for the encapsulated cells...
February 4, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177957/proposing-a-model-of-co-regulated-learning-for-graduate-medical-education
#15
Jessica V Rich
Primarily grounded in Zimmerman's social cognitive model of self-regulation, graduate medical education is guided by principles that self-regulated learning takes place within social context and influence, and that the social context and physical environment reciprocally influence persons and their cognition, behavior, and development. However, contemporary perspectives on self-regulation are moving beyond Zimmerman's triadic reciprocal orientation to models that consider social transactions as the central core of regulated learning...
February 7, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174525/cardiac-signals-are-independently-associated-with-temporal-discounting-and-time-perception
#16
Bowen J Fung, Damien L Crone, Stefan Bode, Carsten Murawski
Cardiac signals reflect the function of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) and have previously been associated with a range of self-regulatory behaviors such as emotion regulation and memory recall. It is unknown whether cardiac signals may also be associated with self-regulation in the temporal domain, in particular impulsivity. We assessed both decision impulsivity (temporal discounting, TD) and time perception impulsivity (duration reproduction, DR) in 120 participants while they underwent electrocardiography in order to test whether cardiac signals were related to these two aspects of impulsivity...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168463/-headache-and-self-regulation
#17
REVIEW
B Meyer, U Niederberger, V Sorgenfrei, Peter Kropp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: MMW Fortschritte der Medizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168358/patients-attitudes-and-approaches-to-the-self-management-of-hypertension-perspectives-from-an-australian-qualitative-study-in-community-pharmacy
#18
Beata Bajorek, Kate Lemay, Parker Magin, Christopher Roberts, Ines Krass, Carol Armour
INTRODUCTION: In the management of hypertension, blood pressure (BP) monitoring and medication use are key strategies, but they are dependent on patients' motivation to practice self-care. AIM: To gauge patients' approaches to monitoring their blood pressure, as well as explore their attitudes toward, and actions relating to, high blood pressure readings, as the key components of their self-management of hypertension. METHOD: This qualitative study, comprising individual telephone interviews, involved patients attending community pharmacies in Sydney (Australia)...
February 6, 2017: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166872/investigating-the-impact-of-static-roadside-advertising-on-drivers-situation-awareness
#19
Kristie L Young, Amanda N Stephens, David B Logan, Michael G Lenné
Roadside advertising has the potential to create a crash risk for drivers as it may distract attention from driving at critical times. In an on-road instrumented vehicle study, we examined if and how static advertising billboards affect drivers' situation awareness across different driving environments. Nineteen fully licensed drivers drove an instrumented vehicle around a 38 km urban test route comprising freeway, busy urban retail and arterial road sections. The route contained a number of static billboards...
April 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166866/genetic-control-of-encoding-strategy-in-a-food-sensing-neural-circuit
#20
Giovanni Diana, Dhaval S Patel, Eugeni V Entchev, Mei Zhan, Hang Lu, QueeLim Ch'ng
Neuroendocrine circuits encode environmental information via changes in gene expression and other biochemical activities to regulate physiological responses. Previously, we showed that daf-7 TGFβ and tph-1 tryptophan hydroxylase expression in specific neurons encode food abundance to modulate lifespan in Caenorhabditis elegans, and uncovered cross- and self-regulation among these genes (Entchev et al., 2015). Here, we now extend these findings by showing that these interactions between daf-7 and tph-1 regulate redundancy and synergy among neurons in food encoding through coordinated control of circuit-level signal and noise properties...
February 7, 2017: ELife
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