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Michael P Schaub, Marcela Tiburcio, Nora Martinez, Atul Ambekar, Yatan Pal Singh Balhara, Andreas Wenger, André Luiz Monezi Andrade, Dzianis Padruchny, Sergey Osipchik, Elise Gehring, Vladimir Poznyak, Dag Rekve, Maria Lucia Oliveira Souza-Formigoni
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Given the scarcity of alcohol prevention and alcohol use disorder treatments in many low and middle-income countries, the World Health Organization launched an e-health portal on alcohol and health that includes a Web-based self-help program. This paper presents the protocol for a multicenter randomised controlled trial (RCT) to test the efficacy of the Internet-based self-help intervention to reduce alcohol use. DESIGN: Two-arm RCT with follow-up 6 months after randomisation...
September 17, 2017: Addiction
Aku Kwamie, Miriam Asiamah, Marta Schaaf, Irene Akua Agyepong
BACKGROUND: Decision-making on postings and transfers - that is, the geographic deployment of the health workforce - is a key element of health workforce governance. When poorly managed, postings and transfers result in maldistribution, absenteeism, and low morale. At stake is managing the balance between organisational (i.e., health system) and individual (i.e., staff preference) needs. The negotiation of this potential convergence or divergence of interests provides a window on practices of postings and transfers, and on the micro-practices of governance in health systems more generally...
September 15, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
Nicolas Postel-Vinay, Guillaume Bobrie, Laurence Amar, Julien Goumet, Mathieu Bernard
Text messaging applied to self-care support of hypertensive patients is a new e-health tool available via mobile phones and computers. First validated programs are just emerging. Without being a panacea intended to replace the doctors by machines they could be provide a significant reinforcement of the patient's empowerment for self-monitoring. It is now time to begin their evaluation in real life and in primary care setting.
September 13, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
Toan C Ong, Michael G Kahn, Bethany M Kwan, Traci Yamashita, Elias Brandt, Patrick Hosokawa, Chris Uhrich, Lisa M Schilling
BACKGROUND: Electronic health records (EHRs) contain detailed clinical data stored in proprietary formats with non-standard codes and structures. Participating in multi-site clinical research networks requires EHR data to be restructured and transformed into a common format and standard terminologies, and optimally linked to other data sources. The expertise and scalable solutions needed to transform data to conform to network requirements are beyond the scope of many health care organizations and there is a need for practical tools that lower the barriers of data contribution to clinical research networks...
September 13, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
M Y Mohamed Parvees, J Abdul Samath, B Parameswaran Bose
The patient data confidentiality is one of the vital security aspects in e-Health and m-Health services. In particular, providing confidentiality to the patient's medical image is essential and the protection approaches have to be explored in-depth due to the rapid progress in the technologies of teleradiology and PACS. In this study, the pseudo random number generators (PRNGs), namely, the linear congruential generator (LCG) and XOR shift generator (XSG) are improved and combined with improved logistic 2D coupled chaotic map to provide enhanced chaos based encryption...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
Peter Bossuyt, Lieven Pouillon, Guillaume Bonnaud, Silvio Danese, Laurent Peyrin-Biroulet
Patients with inflammatory bowel disease need close monitoring for an optimal disease management. For this, e-health technologies are promising tools. But the current evidence for the implementation of e-health in inflammatory bowel disease is weak. For this a critical evaluation of the existing evidence is presented. Furthermore some essential conditions need to be full-filled. We need a robust digital infrastructure that is workable for the patient and the healthcare provider. Important legal issues need to be solved to protect the patient...
August 24, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
Sarah E P Munce, Laure Perrier, Saeha Shin, Chamila Adhihetty, Kristen Pitzul, Michelle L A Nelson, Mark T Bayley
BACKGROUND: While many outcomes post-stroke (e.g., depression) have been previously investigated, there is no complete data on the impact of a variety of quality improvement strategies on the quality of life and physical and psychological well-being of individuals post-stroke. The current paper outlines a systematic review protocol on the impact of quality improvement strategies on quality of life as well as physical and psychological well-being of individuals with stroke. METHODS: MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, and PsycINFO databases will be searched...
September 7, 2017: Systematic Reviews
Jens Jacob Fredriksson, Pamela Mazzocato, Rafiq Muhammed, Carl Savage
It has proven to be a challenge for health care organizations to achieve the Triple Aim. In the business literature, business model frameworks have been used to understand how organizations are aligned to achieve their goals. We conducted a systematic literature review with an explanatory synthesis approach to understand how business model frameworks have been applied in health care. We found a large increase in applications of business model frameworks during the last decade. E-health was the most common context of application...
January 1, 2017: Health Services Management Research
Sara Pinto, Sílvia Caldeira, José Carlos Martins
AIM: To analyse the use of e-Health technologies and mobile apps in palliative care (PC). METHODS: Search on PubMed, using 'telemedicine', 'ehealth', 'mobile health', 'telecare', 'health information systems' and 'palliative care'. Original Portuguese, Spanish, French and English papers were included. Google Play and App Store (iOS) were searched for mobile apps using 'palliative care', 'medical apps' and 'symptom management'. RESULTS: Twenty-five papers and forty mobile apps were analysed...
August 2, 2017: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
Susanne Lindberg, Henrika Jormfeldt, Magnus Bergquist
With the expansion of e-health systems to more diverse and heterogeneous contexts and user groups, it is increasingly important to include users in design. Designers recognize the benefits of user participation, but including users with lowered cognitive and social abilities can be difficult. This paper intends to answer how these users can participate in the design of e-health systems. We conducted a case study with stakeholder interviews and design workshops with users diagnosed with schizophrenia to identify and overcome the challenges for participation...
August 30, 2017: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Tobias Mettler, Vivian Vimarlund
Since the market for e-health applications is constantly growing, it is getting an ever more complex endeavor to select and prioritize the right service offering given a particular situation. In examining the extant literature, it was revealed that little emphasis is actually placed on how to analyze contextual or environmental factors prior to the selection and prioritization of e-health services. With this paper, we therefore propose a formative framework consisting of six fundamental yet very pragmatic steps that may support decision makers in identifying the most important contextual pre-requisites that e-health services need to fulfill in order to be considered as effective for their environment to be implemented...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
Alieske E H Dam, Marjolein E de Vugt, Martin P J van Boxtel, Frans R J Verhey
BACKGROUND: Caregivers of people with dementia (PwD) face burden, feelings of loneliness, and social isolation. Previous studies have shown promising effects of online e-health interventions. Using social media may facilitate support for dementia caregiver networks. In an iterative step-wise approach, a social support tool entitled "Inlife" was developed. This paper describes the design of a study evaluating the effects of Inlife and its process characteristics. METHODS: A mixed-method, randomised controlled trial with 122 caregivers of PwD will be conducted...
August 29, 2017: Trials
Martin Holderried, Madeleine Schlipf, Ansgar Höper, Reinhard Meier, Ulrich Stöckle, Tobias Maximilian Kraus
Background The use of information technology (IT) in health care has continuously increased. This includes software solutions for digitalisation, data storage and innovative approaches in diagnostics. The facilitation of the access to specific information, even by the patient, has changed daily clinical work. Patients inform themselves about symptoms, diagnostic methods and treatment options. This urge for information and the wish for the best treatment is summarised in the expression "patient empowerment"...
August 24, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
Mackenzie Becker, Charles E Cunningham, Bruce K Christensen, Ivana Furimsky, Heather Rimas, Fiona Wilson, Lisa Jeffs, Victoria Madsen, Peter Bieling, Yvonne Chen, Stephanie Mielko, Robert B Zipursky
AIM: To understand what service features would sustain patient engagement in early intervention mental health treatment. METHODS: Mental health patients, family members of individuals with mental illness and mental health professionals completed a survey consisting of 18 choice tasks that involved 14 different service attributes. Preferences were ascertained using importance and utility scores. Latent class analysis revealed segments characterized by distinct preferences...
August 23, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
Nasrollah Alimohammadi, Soheila Jafari-Mianaei, Amir-Hossein Bankipoor-Fard, Marzieh Hasanpour
In this systematic literature review, all the Shiite-Islamic documents (Quran and Hadith) without any time limitation were surveyed, analyzed and synthesized for the purpose of determining the foundations of lifelong health. The data were analyzed and combined using inductive qualitative content analysis method. Two main categories were emerged from the analysis: "prevention of health problems" and "health maintenance and promotion." In conclusion based on Islamic perspective, the foundations of comprehensive health of a person, i...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
Paul Webster
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 21, 2017: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
Cam Escoffery
BACKGROUND: Technology access and use are increasing worldwide. Adults can potentially use technology to assist with health promotion and medical care. INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to compare the prevalence of participation in online health-related activities between different genders of U.S. adults aged 18-90 years. METHODS: Primary data collected through a survey panel were used to examine associations between gender and technology ownership, Internet health-seeking behaviors and online behaviors related to health, having an app, and preferences for health information...
August 16, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
Monika Kastner, Radha Sayal, Doug Oliver, Sharon E Straus, Lisa Dolovich
BACKGROUND: Chronic diseases are a significant public health concern, particularly in older adults. To address the delivery of health care services to optimally meet the needs of older adults with multiple chronic diseases, Health TAPESTRY (Teams Advancing Patient Experience: Strengthening Quality) uses a novel approach that involves patient home visits by trained volunteers to collect and transmit relevant health information using e-health technology to inform appropriate care from an inter-professional healthcare team...
August 1, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
Carmen Verhoeks, Doreth Teunissen, Anke van der Stelt-Steenbergen, Antoine Lagro-Janssen
There is a gap in knowledge of women's perceptions of e-health treatment. This review aims to investigate women's expectations and experiences regarding e-health. A search was conducted in MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL and PsycInfo in March 2016. We included articles published between 2000 and March 2016, reporting on e-health interventions. The initial search yielded 2987 articles. Eventually, 16 articles reporting on 16 studies were included. Barriers to e-health treatment were lower for women than barriers to face-to-face treatment, such as feelings of shame and time constraints...
August 1, 2017: Health Informatics Journal
Lorraine O Walker, Michael S Mackert, Jisoo Ahn, Misha W Vaughan, Bobbie S Sterling, Sarah Guy, Sherry Hendrickson
OBJECTIVE: Guided by the Uses and Gratifications approach, to examine mothers' use and preference of e-Health media, and associated contextual factors. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: Cross-sectional survey of 165 mothers (White, African-American, and Hispanic) from a stratified random sample. MEASURES: Use of online media about mother-baby care; favorite websites about motherhood and best-liked features of Web sites; channel preferences (Web site, postal mail, text) for receiving three types of health information; and contextual factors, e...
August 1, 2017: Public Health Nursing
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