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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782341/duloxetine-in-patients-with-kidney-disease-a-great-deal-of-intelligence-can-be-invested-in-ignorance-when-the-need-for-illusion-is-deep-saul-bellow
#1
Alain Braillon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2018: American Journal of Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781282/evaluating-drug-induced-liver-injury-and-its-remission-via-discrimination-and-imaging-of-hclo-and-h2s-with-a-two-photon-fluorescent-probe
#2
Xiaoyun Jiao, Yongsheng Xiao, Yong Li, Muwen Liang, Xilei Xie, Xu Wang, Bo Tang
Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) has aroused wide concern. Finding new markers or indicators as well as detoxification molecules for DILI are of great significance and good application prospect, which can help develop effective preclinical screening methodology and corresponding treatment protocols. Herein, in this paper, DILI caused by antidepressant drugs of duloxetine and fluoxetine and its remission were evaluated by a two-photon fluorescent probe, RPC-1, through discriminating and imaging HClO and H2S simultaneously...
May 21, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765326/descriptions-of-adverse-drug-reactions-are-less-informative-in-forums-than-in-the-french-pharmacovigilance-database-but-provide-more-unexpected-reactions
#3
Pierre Karapetiantz, Florelle Bellet, Bissan Audeh, Jérémy Lardon, Damien Leprovost, Rim Aboukhamis, François Morlane-Hondère, Cyril Grouin, Anita Burgun, Sandrine Katsahian, Marie-Christine Jaulent, Marie-Noëlle Beyens, Agnès Lillo-Le Louët, Cédric Bousquet
Background: Social media have drawn attention for their potential use in Pharmacovigilance. Recent work showed that it is possible to extract information concerning adverse drug reactions (ADRs) from posts in social media. The main objective of the Vigi4MED project was to evaluate the relevance and quality of the information shared by patients on web forums about drug safety and its potential utility for pharmacovigilance. Methods: After selecting websites of interest, we manually evaluated the relevance of the content of posts for pharmacovigilance related to six drugs (agomelatine, baclofen, duloxetine, exenatide, strontium ranelate, and tetrazepam)...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763613/neuroprotective-effect-of-duloxetine-in-a-mouse-model-of-diabetic-neuropathy-role-of-glia-suppressing-mechanisms
#4
Mona K Tawfik, Seham A Helmy, Dahlia I Badran, Sawsan A Zaitone
AIMS: Painful diabetic neuropathy (PDN) is one of the most frequent complications of diabetes and the current therapies have limited efficacy. This study aimed to study the neuroprotective effect of duloxetine, a serotonin noradrenaline reuptake inhibitor (SNRI), in a mouse model of diabetic neuropathy. MAIN METHODS: Nine weeks after developing of PDN, mice were treated with either saline or duloxetine (15 or 30 mg/kg) for four weeks. The effect of duloxetine was assessed in terms of pain responses, histopathology of sciatic nerve and spinal cord, sciatic nerve growth factor (NGF) gene expression and on the spinal expression of astrocytes (glial fibrillary acidic protein, GFAP) and microglia (CD11 b)...
May 12, 2018: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750941/ultrasonic-assisted-magnetic-dispersive-solid-phase-microextraction-for-pre-concentration-of-serotonin-norepinephrine-reuptake-inhibitor-drugs
#5
Mahdi Ghorbani, Mahmoud Chamsaz, Mohsen Aghamohammadhasan, Alireza Shams
A simple and sensitive ultrasonic assisted magnetic dispersive solid phase microextraction method (UAMDSPME) coupled with high performance liquid chromatography was developed to determine serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor drugs including duloxetine (DUL), venlafaxine (VEN) and atomoxetine (ATO) in human urine, river water and well water samples. A novel and efficient SPME sorbent, magnetic p-Phenylenediamine functionalized reduced graphene oxide Quantum Dots@ Ni nanocomposites (MrGOQDs-PD@ Ni), was prepared and applied for extraction of the analytes...
May 8, 2018: Analytical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733802/response-to-duloxetine-and-gabapentin-combination-of-a-patient-who-has-chronical-orchialgia-with-bilateral-tubular-ectasia-of-rete-testis-and-multiple-epididymal-cysts
#6
Mahmut Taha Ölçücü, Nazlı Ölçücü, Erkan Ölçücüoğlu, Esin Ata Ölçücüoğlu, Yaşar Özgök
Tubular ectasia of rete testis (TERT) is a rarely seen benign condition of testis which can cause chronic orchalgia. TERT appears as an anechoic lesion in ultrasonography. However magnetic resonance imaging is a more sophisticated diagnostic tool. TERT is commonly associated with epididymal cysts. Generally a conservative treatment approach is preferred. In some cases surgery is required. In our case, 54-year-old male patient had bilateral TERT associated with bilateral multiple epididymal cysts. He had chronic testicular pain which did not respond to first- line conservative treatments...
May 2018: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732913/augmentation-strategies-for-clozapine-refractory-schizophrenia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Dan J Siskind, Michael Lee, Arul Ravindran, Qichen Zhang, Evelyn Ma, Balaji Motamarri, Steve Kisely
BACKGROUND: Although clozapine is the most effective medication for treatment refractory schizophrenia, only 40% of people will meet response criteria. We therefore undertook a systematic review and meta-analysis of global literature on clozapine augmentation strategies. METHODS: We systematically reviewed PubMed, PsycInfo, Embase, Cochrane Database, Chinese Biomedical Literature Service System and China Knowledge Resource Integrated Database for randomised control trials of augmentation strategies for clozapine resistant schizophrenia...
May 1, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723689/development-and-validation-of-a-test-to-identify-drugs-that-cause-idiosyncratic-drug-induced-liver-injury
#8
Andreas Benesic, Isabelle Rotter, Diana Dragoi, Sabine Weber, Marie-Luise Buchholtz, Alexander L Gerbes
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Idiosyncratic drug-induced liver injury (iDILI) is one of the most challenging diagnoses in hepatology. It is frequently impossible to identify the agent that has caused iDILI in patients who take multiple medicines. We developed an in vitro method to identify drugs that cause liver injury in patients, based on drug toxicity to monocyte-derived hepatocyte-like (MH) cells from patient blood samples. We then collected data on patients who were re-exposed to drugs found to be toxic in the MH test to validate test performance...
April 30, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718600/relative-efficacy-and-acceptability-of-antidepressant-drugs-in-adults-with-major-depressive-disorder-commentary-on-a-network-meta-analysis
#9
Chittaranjan Andrade
A large number of antidepressant drugs are available across the world. All have been compared against placebo, and many have been compared with some but not all other antidepressants. There is therefore little information about a hierarchy of the efficacy and acceptability of these drugs. About 9 years ago, a network meta-analysis attempted to rank the efficacy and acceptability of 12 newer antidepressant drugs in adults with major depressive disorder. Very recently, this network meta-analysis was updated to include 21 antidepressant drugs, most of which were introduced during the 1980s and afterward...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713194/a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-phase-iii-trial-of-duloxetine-in-japanese-patients-with-knee-pain-due-to-osteoarthritis
#10
Yuji Uchio, Hiroyuki Enomoto, Levent Alev, Yuki Kato, Hiroyuki Ishihara, Toshinaga Tsuji, Toshimitsu Ochiai, Shinichi Konno
Purpose: To examine the efficacy and safety of duloxetine in Japanese patients with knee pain due to osteoarthritis. Patients and methods: Patients were randomized to receive duloxetine 60 mg/day or placebo for 14 weeks in a double-blind manner (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02248480). The primary efficacy endpoint was mean change in Brief Pain Inventory pain severity (BPI-Severity) average pain. Secondary endpoints included improvement in other BPI-Severity scales, Patient Global Impression of Improvement, Clinical Global Impressions of Severity, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) scales, range of motion of the knee joint, safety and tolerability, and structural changes on X-ray images...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709457/diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy-epidemiology-diagnosis-and-pharmacotherapy
#11
REVIEW
Zohaib Iqbal, Shazli Azmi, Rahul Yadav, Maryam Ferdousi, Mohit Kumar, Daniel J Cuthbertson, Jonathan Lim, Rayaz A Malik, Uazman Alam
PURPOSE: Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) is the commonest cause of neuropathy worldwide, and its prevalence increases with the duration of diabetes. It affects approximately half of patients with diabetes. DPN is symmetric and predominantly sensory, starting distally and gradually spreading proximally in a glove-and-stocking distribution. It causes substantial morbidity and is associated with increased mortality. The unrelenting nature of pain in this condition can negatively affect a patient's sleep, mood, and functionality and result in a poor quality of life...
April 27, 2018: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692727/analgesic-effects-of-duloxetine-on-formalin-induced-hyperalgesia-and-its-underlying-mechanisms-in-the-cea
#12
Lie Zhang, Jun-Bin Yin, Wei Hu, Wen-Jun Zhao, Qing-Rong Fan, Zhi-Chun Qiu, Ming-Jie He, Tan Ding, Yan Sun, Alan D Kaye, En-Ren Wang
In rodents, the amygdala has been proposed to serve as a key center for the nociceptive perception. Previous studies have shown that extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) signaling cascade in the central nucleus of amygdala (CeA) played a functional role in inflammation-induced peripheral hypersensitivity. Duloxetine (DUL), a serotonin and noradrenaline reuptake inhibitor, produced analgesia on formalin-induced spontaneous pain behaviors. However, it is still unclear whether single DUL pretreatment influences formalin-induced hypersensitivity and what is the underlying mechanism...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689693/vortioxetine-improves-symptomatic-and-functional-outcomes-in-major-depressive-disorder-a-novel-dual-outcome-measure-in-depressive-disorders
#13
Michael Cronquist Christensen, Henrik Loft, Roger S McIntyre
BACKGROUND: With symptomatic remission and functional recovery as the overarching therapeutic objectives of antidepressant therapy, composite endpoint measures that conjointly consider both aspects of treatment are needed. This analysis evaluated the combined effect of vortioxetine on depressive symptoms and functional capacity in adults with MDD. METHODS: NCT01564862, a multinational, double-blind, placebo-controlled, duloxetine-referenced study, conducted between April 2012 and February 2014, in 602 adult outpatients (18-65 years) with moderate-to-severe MDD (Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) ≥ 26), a major depressive episode of ≥ 3 months' duration, and self-reported cognitive symptoms were randomized to once-daily vortioxetine (10 or 20mg), duloxetine (60mg), or placebo for 8 weeks...
February 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680317/a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-phase-ii-randomised-cross-over-trial-investigating-the-use-of-duloxetine-for-the-treatment-of-chemotherapy-induced-peripheral-neuropathy
#14
Eva Battaglini, Susanna B Park, Elizabeth H Barnes, David Goldstein
BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) is a significant side effect of cancer treatment, potentially leading to early cessation of chemotherapy, enduring symptoms and long-lasting disability. Evidence from preclinical and clinical studies suggests that duloxetine, a serotonin-noradrenaline reuptake inhibitor, may be effective in the symptomatic treatment of CIPN. This double blind, placebo controlled, phase II randomised cross-over trial aims to determine whether treatment with duloxetine results in a reduction in chronic neuropathic symptoms experienced as a result of neurotoxic chemotherapy treatment...
April 19, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677603/the-comparative-evidence-basis-for-the-efficacy-of-second-generation-antidepressants-in-the-treatment-of-depression-in-the-us-a-bayesian-meta-analysis-of-food-and-drug-administration-reviews
#15
Rei Monden, Annelieke M Roest, Don van Ravenzwaaij, Eric-Jan Wagenmakers, Richard Morey, Klaas J Wardenaar, Peter de Jonge
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown similar efficacy of different antidepressants in the treatment of depression. METHOD: Data of phase-2 and -3 clinical-trials for 16 antidepressants (levomilnacipran, desvenlafaxine, duloxetine, venlafaxine, paroxetine, escitalopram, vortioxetine, mirtazapine, venlafaxine XR, sertraline, fluoxetine, citalopram, paroxetine CR, nefazodone, bupropion, vilazodone), approved by the FDA for the treatment of depression between 1987 and 2016, were extracted from the FDA reviews that were used to evaluate efficacy prior to marketing approval, which are less liable to reporting biases...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674981/comparative-effect-of-collaborative-care-pain-medication-and-duloxetine-in-the-treatment-of-major-depressive-disorder-and-comorbid-sub-chronic-pain-results-of-an-exploratory-randomized-placebo-controlled-multicenter-trial-cc-paindip
#16
Eric W de Heer, Jack Dekker, Aartjan T F Beekman, Harm W J van Marwijk, Tjalling J Holwerda, Pierre M Bet, Joost Roth, Lotte Timmerman, Christina M van der Feltz-Cornelis
Objective: Evidence exists for the efficacy of collaborative care (CC) for major depressive disorder (MDD), for the efficacy of the consequent use of pain medication against pain, and for the efficacy of duloxetine against both MDD and neuropathic pain. Their relative effectiveness in comorbid MDD and pain has never been established so far. This study explores the effectiveness of CC with pain medication and duloxetine, and CC with pain medication and placebo, compared with duloxetine alone, on depressive and pain symptoms...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663484/association-between-psychotropic-medications-and-presence-of-sleep-bruxism-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Gilberto Melo, Kamile Leonardi Dutra, Rubens Rodrigues Filho, Adriana de Oliveira Lira Ortega, André Luís Porporatti, Bruce Dick, Carlos Flores-Mir, Graziela De Luca Canto
The purpose of this study was to systematically review the literature for studies that investigated the association between use of psychotropic medications and presence of sleep bruxism (SB). Observational studies were selected in a two-phase process. Searches were performed on six electronic databases and a grey literature search was conducted on three databases. SB diagnosis was based on questionnaires or clinical examinations; no polysomnography exams were performed. Risk of bias was assessed using the Joanna Briggs Institute Critical Appraisal Checklist for Analytical Cross-Sectional Studies...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644468/-pharmacological-treatment-of-osteoarthritis-related-pain
#18
REVIEW
T A Nees, M Schiltenwolf
Joint pain due to osteoarthritis (OA) is often severe and disabling and affects a large proportion of the aging population impairing daily living and quality of life. Numerous pharmacological treatment approaches are available. Including major OA guidelines this review presents the current evidence of pharmacological therapies in OA-related pain and covers topical, oral and intraarticular treatment approaches. In patients with mild OA topical nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can be recommended...
April 11, 2018: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627920/advances-in-pharmacotherapy-of-late-life-depression
#19
REVIEW
John L Beyer, Kim G Johnson
This paper reviews recent research on late-life depression (LLD) pharmacotherapy, focusing on updated information for monotherapy and augmentation treatments. We then review new research on moderators of clinical response and how to use the information for improved efficacy. RECENT FINDINGS: A recent review shows that sertraline, paroxetine, and duloxetine were superior to placebo for the treatment of LLD. There is concern that paroxetine could have adverse outcomes in the geriatric population due to anticholinergic properties; however, studies show no increases in mortality, dementia risk, or cognitive measures...
April 7, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627772/altered-cerebral-blood-flow-in-the-anterior-cingulate-cortex-is-associated-with-neuropathic-pain
#20
Keisuke Watanabe, Shigeki Hirano, Kazuho Kojima, Kengo Nagashima, Hiroki Mukai, Takatoshi Sato, Minoru Takemoto, Koji Matsumoto, Takashi Iimori, Sagiri Isose, Shigeki Omori, Kazumoto Shibuya, Yukari Sekiguchi, Minako Beppu, Hiroshi Amino, Tomoki Suichi, Koutaro Yokote, Takashi Uno, Satoshi Kuwabara, Sonoko Misawa
OBJECTIVE: To assess the cerebral blood flow (CBF) in patients with diabetic neuropathic pain, and its changes after duloxetine therapy. METHODS: Using iodine-123-N-isopropyl-p-iodoamphetamine single-photon emission computed tomography (IMP-SPECT), we performed a cross-sectional study of 44 patients with diabetes, and compared CBF in those with (n = 24) and without neuropathic pain (n = 20). In patients with neuropathic pain, we also longitudinally assessed changes in CBF 3 months after treatment with duloxetine...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
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