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Daniel Tarsy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 19, 2016: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
Suzy L Wong
BACKGROUND: Reduced muscular strength is associated with an increased risk of all-cause, cardiovascular and non-cardiovascular mortality, heart attack and stroke. At older ages, reduced strength is associated with impaired mobility, risk of falls, and disability. Various criteria are used to determine reduced strength. DATA AND METHODS: Data on grip strength among 3,181 respondents aged 60 to 79 from the 2007 to 2013 Canadian Health Measures Survey were used to calculate the prevalence of reduced strength based on sex-specific percentile and t-score cut-points and cut-points of the Foundation for the National Institutes of Health...
October 19, 2016: Health Reports
Felipe P Andrade, Roberto Montoro, Renan Oliveira, Gabriela Loures, Luana Flessak, Roberta Gross, Camille Donnabella, Andrea Puchnick, Lisa Suzuki, Rodrigo Regacini
OBJECTIVES: 1) To verify clinical signs correlated with appropriate cranial computed tomography scan indications and changes in the therapeutic approach in pediatric minor head trauma scenarios. 2) To estimate the radiation exposure of computed tomography scans with low dose protocols in the context of trauma and the additional associated risk. METHODS: Investigators reviewed the medical records of all children with minor head trauma, which was defined as a Glasgow coma scale ≥13 at the time of admission to the emergency room, who underwent computed tomography scans during the years of 2013 and 2014...
October 1, 2016: Clinics
Miguel José Francisco, Antonio Rahal, Fabio Augusto Cardillo Vieira, Paulo Savoia Dias da Silva, Marcelo Buarque de Gusmão Funari
Ultrasound examination of the chest has advanced in recent decades. This imaging modality is currently used to diagnose several pathological conditions and provides qualitative and quantitative information. Acoustic barriers represented by the aerated lungs and the bony framework of the chest generate well-described sonographic artifacts that can be used as diagnostic aids. The normal pleural line and A, B, C, E and Z lines (also known as false B lines) are artifacts with specific characteristics. Lung consolidation and pneumothorax sonographic patterns are also well established...
July 2016: Einstein
Mengjing Wang, Jason Chou, Yongen Chang, Wei L Lau, Uttam Reddy, Connie M Rhee, Jing Chen, Chuanming Hao, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh
In the management of patients with chronic kidney diseases (CKD), a low-protein diet usually refers to a diet with protein intake of 0.6 to 0.8 grams per kilogram of body weight per day (g/kg/day) and should include at least 50% high-biologic-value protein. It may be supplemented with essential acids or nitrogen- free ketoanalogues if <0.6 g/kg/d. Low-protein diet can reduce proteinuria especially in non-diabetic CKD patients. In hypoalbuminemic patients it may lead to an increase in serum albumin level...
October 19, 2016: Panminerva Medica
Hamilton C Tsang, Susan Mathew, Cynthia M Magro
Diffuse large cell B-cell lymphoma of the skin is most commonly represented by diffuse large cell variants of primary cutaneous follicle center lymphoma and the leg-type lymphoma. In a minority of cases, the infiltrates are an expression of stage 4 disease of established extracutaneous B-cell lymphoma. We describe 1 female patient 85 years of age with an aggressive form of primary cutaneous B-cell lymphoma manifesting in multiple firm erythematous indurated solid nodules 1-2 cm each symmetrically on the face periorbitally and on the upper extremities bilaterally...
October 18, 2016: American Journal of Dermatopathology
D B Kadam, Sonali Salvi, Ajay Chandanwale
The World Health Organization (WHO) has coined the term expanded dengue to describe cases which do not fall into either dengue shock syndrome or dengue hemorrhagic fever. This has incorporated several atypical findings of dengue. Dengue virus has not been enlisted as a common etiological agent in several conditions like encephalitis, Guillain Barre syndrome. Moreover it is a great mimic of co-existing epidemics like Malaria, Chikungunya and Zika virus disease, which are also mosquito-borne diseases. The atypical manifestations noted in dengue can be mutisystemic and multifacetal...
July 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Alexandra S Creighton, Tanya E Davison, David W Kissane
OBJECTIVE: To synthesize and summarize the studies examining the correlates and predictors of anxiety in older adults living in residential aged care. METHODS: Using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, five electronic databases were searched using key terms and subject headings, as well as reference lists of relevant papers. The search was limited to peer-reviewed literature published in English. Eligible studies examined the association between at least one correlate/factor and anxiety disorders or symptoms in aged care residents aged 50+ years...
October 17, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Michael Bobian, Aron Kandinov, Nour El-Kashlan, Peter F Svider, Adam J Folbe, Ross Mayerhoff, Jean Anderson Eloy, S Naweed Raza
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Despite the increasing role of mobile applications (apps) in patient education, there has been little inquiry evaluating the quality of these resources. Because poor health literacy has been associated with inferior health outcomes, evaluating the quality of patient education materials takes on great importance. Our objective was to employ validated readability tools for the evaluation of gastroesophageal reflux (GERD) mobile apps. METHODS: GERD-specific apps found in the Apple App Store (Apple Inc...
October 18, 2016: Laryngoscope
Rachelle Jones, Timothy A Brusseau, Pamela H Kulinna, Hans van der Mars
BACKGROUND: Understanding the physical activity patterns of youth is important for the implementation and evaluation of programming and interventions designed to change behavior. To date, little is known about the objectively measured physical activity patterns of Native American youth. Therefore, the purpose of the study was to examine the step counts of Navajo youth during weekdays, weekend days, and physical education classes. METHODS: Participants included 63 high school students (mean age = 15...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
D Szalaj, M R De Orte, T A Goulding, I D Medeiros, T A DelValls, A Cesar
The study assesses the effects of carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS) leaks and ocean acidification (OA) on the metal bioavailability and reproduction of the mytilid Perna perna. In laboratory-scale experiments, CCS leakage scenarios (pH 7.0, 6.5, 6.0) and one OA (pH 7.6) scenario were tested using metal-contaminated sediment elutriates and seawater from Santos Bay. The OA treatment did not have an effect on fertilisation, while significant effects were observed in larval-development bioassays where only 16 to 27 % of larva developed normally...
October 18, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Jimmie Leppink, Patricia O'Sullivan, Kal Winston
The overall purpose of the 'Statistical Points and Pitfalls' series is to help readers and researchers alike increase awareness of how to use statistics and why/how we fall into inappropriate choices or interpretations. We hope to help readers understand common misconceptions and give clear guidance on how to avoid common pitfalls by offering simple tips to improve your reporting of quantitative research findings. Each entry discusses a commonly encountered inappropriate practice and alternatives from a pragmatic perspective with minimal mathematics involved...
October 17, 2016: Perspectives on Medical Education
Julian Schenten, Martin Führ
The purpose of the REACH Regulation is to ensure a high level of protection of human health and the environment as well as the free circulation of substances on the internal market while enhancing competitiveness and innovation. To this end, REACH introduces, among other instruments, the authorisation regime for substances of very high concern (SVHC) that are listed on Annex XIV of the regulation. After expiration of the transitional period for each Annex XIV-SVHC, articles, such as most products of daily use, produced in the European Economic Area (EEA) may not contain such substances unless an authorisation was granted for the specific use or this use falls within the scope of an exemption from the authorisation requirement...
2016: Environmental Sciences Europe
Mike Horton, Amanda E Perry
Aims and method To explore the modern psychometric properties of the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), we used the Rasch analysis in a sample of 767 primary care patients with depression. Results The analysis highlighted dependency issues between items 1 and 2 ('Little interest or pleasure in doing things' and 'Feeling down, depressed, or hopeless'), and items 3 and 4 ('Trouble falling or staying asleep, or sleeping too much' and 'Feeling tired or having little energy'). Items 1 and 2 displayed an over-discrimination, suggesting their potential redundancy within the complete item set...
October 2016: BJPsych Bulletin
Joanne Paton, Sam Glasser, Richard Collings, Jon Marsden
BACKGROUND: Over 1 in 3 older people with diabetes sustain a fall each year. Postural instability has been identified as independent risk factor for falls within people with Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy (DPN). People with DPN, at increased risk of falls, are routinely required to wear offloading insoles, yet the impact of these insoles on postural stability and postural control is unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a standard offloading insole and its constituent parts on the balance in people with DPN...
2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
Andromachi Spanouli, Joeri Hofmans
Amidst a struggling economy, organizations are ruled by the survival of the fittest paradigm but it is the employees who tend to pay the price, with increased demands which, oftentimes, fall outside their job scope. In the present paper, we examined whether pressuring people to engage in such organizational citizenship behaviors (OCB) might in fact backfire and lead to increased Counterproductive Work Behavior (CWB) because of compensatory mechanisms. We propose a typology of OCB that distinguishes between discretionary and elicited OCB, hypothesizing that elicited but not discretionary OCB, positively relates to CWB...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Ritesh Kumar, Syed Saeed Ahmed, Gulam Sarwar Hashmi, Md Kalim Ansari, Sajjad Abdur Rahman
AIM: The present study was planned to investigate the etiology of injuries and to analyze correlation between clinical and radiological findings in cases of craniomaxillofacial trauma. STUDY DESIGN: An 18 months cross-sectional study was done and 325 patients with maxillofacial fractures were analyzed from January 2013 to June 2014 who reported to the department of oral and maxillofacial surgery, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh. Data was recorded in a preformed case sheet which included: patient's demographic data, cause of injury, type of injury, treatment plan...
September 2016: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
Degala Sai Krishna, Dey Soumadip
PURPOSE: The main aim of our study was to assess and evaluate the efficacy, long standing outcome and infection of porous polyethylene implants in treatment of orbital floor fractures. PATIENT AND METHODS: Twelve patients with fractures of orbital floor were included in the study. The cause of fracture was road traffic accident, self fall and cow hit respectively. They also complained of enophthalmos (n = 9), diplopia (n = 3), restricted eye movement (n = 2), impairment of infraorbital nerve (n = 3) and dystopia (n = 6)...
September 2016: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
Thomas Hanna, Jacob A Akoh
Renal hyperparathyroidism (RHPT) is a common complication of renal failure and it is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to determine the patient characteristics which might predict persistent or recurrent hyperparathyroidism after surgery and to assess the long-term effect of unsuccessful surgery. This is a retrospective study of all chronic kidney disease patients who required a total parathyroidectomy (TP) because of failed medical management from January 1999 to December 2014...
September 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
Quynh C Nguyen, Dapeng Li, Hsien-Wen Meng, Suraj Kath, Elaine Nsoesie, Feifei Li, Ming Wen
BACKGROUND: Studies suggest that where people live, play, and work can influence health and well-being. However, the dearth of neighborhood data, especially data that is timely and consistent across geographies, hinders understanding of the effects of neighborhoods on health. Social media data represents a possible new data resource for neighborhood research. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to build, from geotagged Twitter data, a national neighborhood database with area-level indicators of well-being and health behaviors...
October 17, 2016: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
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