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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820524/patterns-of-hand-grip-strength-and-detection-of-strength-loss-in-patients-undergoing-bone-marrow-transplantation-a-feasibility-study
#1
Cindy A Sayre, Basia Belza, Kathleen Shannon Dorcy, Elizabeth Phelan, JoAnne D Whitney
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To determine the feasibility of measuring hand grip strength (HGS) daily in a population of recipients of bone marrow transplantation (BMT), to describe changes in strength measured by HGS, and to describe relationships between laboratory values (hematocrit, hemoglobin, and absolute neutrophil count) and HGS.
. DESIGN: Prospective, longitudinal, repeated measures, within subject.
. SETTING: Inpatient units at the University of Washington Medical Center in Seattle...
September 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820364/patterns-of-c-2-fracture-in-the-elderly-comparison-of-etiology-treatment-and-mortality-among-specific-fracture-types
#2
Ingrid Radovanovic, Jennifer C Urquhart, Parham Rasoulinejad, Kevin R Gurr, Fawaz Siddiqi, Christopher S Bailey
OBJECTIVE Previous studies have focused on Type II odontoid fractures and have failed to report on the effect of other C-2 fracture types on treatment and outcome. The purpose of this study was to compare patient characteristics, cause of injury, predisposing factors to fracture, treatments, and mortality rates among C-2 fracture types in a cohort of elderly patients 70 years of age and older. METHODS A retrospective cohort study design was used. Patients who sustained a C-2 fracture between 2002 and 2011 and who were admitted to the authors' Level 1 trauma center were identified using the Discharge Abstract Database and the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-10) code S12...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820231/interventions-for-treating-persistent-pain-in-survivors-of-torture
#3
REVIEW
Emma Baird, Amanda C de C Williams, Leslie Hearn, Kirstine Amris
BACKGROUND: Persistent (chronic) pain is a frequent complaint in survivors of torture, particularly but not exclusively pain in the musculoskeletal system. Torture survivors may have no access to health care; where they do, they may not be recognised when they present, and the care available often falls short of their needs. There is a tendency in state and non-governmental organisations' services to focus on mental health, with poor understanding of persistent pain, while survivors may have many other legal, welfare, and social problems that take precedence over health care...
August 18, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819815/-pediatric-finger-and-hand-injuries-an-epidemiological-study
#4
M Voth, Th Lustenberger, J Frank, I Marzi
BACKGROUND: The hand is the second most frequently injured region of the body in children. The aim of this study was to evaluate age-related injury patterns, trauma mechanisms, as well as the need for surgery in pediatric patients with injuries to the hand. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study analyzing the data between January 2008 and December 2014 at Frankfurt University Hospital. All patients were younger than 18 years old. All patients suffering trauma to the hand or the fingers were included...
August 17, 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819631/effect-of-tranexamic-acid-on-hematologic-values-and-blood-loss-in-reverse-total-shoulder-arthroplasty
#5
Sae Hoon Kim, Whan Ik Jung, Young Jun Kim, Do Hyeon Hwang, Young Eun Choi
PURPOSE: Use of tranexamic acid (TXA) in the setting of arthroplasty of the lower extremity has been previously described. The aim of this study was to evaluate the benefit of a single dose of TXA (500 mg vial) administered intravenously just prior to RTSA in an Asian population. METHODS: The records of 48 patients (no TXA, n = 24, versus TXA, n = 24) that underwent RTSA for cuff tear arthropathy were retrospectively reviewed. All patients had a Hemovac drain positioned for 2 days after surgery...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819610/a-rare-case-of-massive-rotator-cuff-tear-and-biceps-tendon-rupture-with-posterior-shoulder-dislocation-in-a-young-adult-surgical-decision-making-and-outcome
#6
En Loong Soon, Hamid Rahmatullah Bin Abd Razak, Andrew Hwee Chye Tan
INTRODUCTION: Massive rotator cuff tears (RCTs) in the context of shoulder dislocations are relatively uncommon in the young adult (<40 years) and if reported are more commonly described in association with acute traumatic anterior glenohumeral dislocations. They have rarely been described with posterior dislocations, regardless of patient age. This is the 1(st) case reported in the context of posterior dislocations, where a triad of biceps tendon rupture, posterior dislocation, and RCTs was observed during surgery...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819602/fracture-dislocation-of-shoulder-with-brachial-plexus-palsy-a-case-report-and-review-of-management-options
#7
Sameer Rathore, Srinivas Kasha, Srinivas Yeggana
INTRODUCTION: Injuries causing fracture dislocation of shoulder and brachial plexus palsy are extremely rare. As per authors' knowledge, three part fracture of proximal humerus with shoulder dislocation and brachial plexus palsy has not been reported in the literature. CASE PRESENTATION: A 53 year old female sustained a three part fracture of right proximal humerus along with dislocation of shoulder joint and brachial plexus palsy following a fall from a flight of stairs...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819601/carcinoma-of-unknown-primary-mimicking-multiple-myeloma
#8
Vanamali B Seetharamaiah, B Sunil, M K Padmanabha, N Sparsha
INTRODUCTION: Pathological fractures due to secondaries in the bone are common with carcinoma of lung, breast, prostate, and in multiple myeloma. Multiple pathological fractures after a trivial fall, indicating metastases warrants detailed investigations for the search of primary. Skeletal secondaries should be strongly suspected in addition to obvious diagnosis of multiple myeloma in such cases. CASE REPORT: We report a case of pathological fractures at multiple sites: The vertebral column, proximal shaft of femur, and contralateral fracture neck of femur...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819597/case-report-oblique-fracture-of-the-ulnar-sesamoid-bone-of-the-metacarpophalangeal-joint-a-rare-pathology
#9
Dauwe Jan, Van der Cruyssen Fréderic, De Smet Luc
INTRODUCTION: Fractures of the sesamoid bones of the metacarpophalangeal joint (MCPJ) are a rare pathology in hand trauma. Only a few case reports and case series were found in literature. The diagnosis of an ulnar sesamoid bone fracture of the MCPJ is difficult and can pose a differential diagnostic problem with Stener lesions or ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) instability. This pathology is frequently missed with subsequent poor functional outcomes. Correct and early diagnosis is important as this will allow for correct treatment with full recovery of function without sequelae...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819593/an-isolated-pure-dislocation-of-fifth-carpometacarpal-joint-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#10
Rashid Anjum, Amit Roy, Kamran Farooque, Vijay Sharma
INTRODUCTION: Isolated pure dislocation of the fifth carpometacarpal (CMC) joint is a very rare injury and classified depending on displacement of the metacarpal base. This rare injury is often difficult to recognize and is liable to be overlooked. The purpose of this case report is to present a patient with an isolated dislocation of the fifth CMC joint that was satisfactorily treated with closed reduction and ulnar gutter pop slab. CASE REPORT: A 21-year-old male presented with severe pain on the right carpus following a fall with injury to right hand...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819545/circulating-mirnas-in-pediatric-pulmonary-hypertension-show-promise-as-biomarkers-of-vascular-function
#11
Vitaly O Kheyfets, Carmen C Sucharov, Uyen Truong, Jamie Dunning, Kendall Hunter, Dunbar Ivy, Shelley Miyamoto, Robin Shandas
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the utility of circulating miRNAs as biomarkers of vascular function in pediatric pulmonary hypertension. METHOD: Fourteen pediatric pulmonary arterial hypertension patients underwent simultaneous right heart catheterization (RHC) and blood biochemical analysis. Univariate and stepwise multivariate linear regression was used to identify and correlate measures of reactive and resistive afterload with circulating miRNA levels...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819468/paediatric-fractures-in-a-sub-saharan-tertiary-care-center-a-cohort-analysis-of-demographic-characteristics-clinical-presentation-therapeutic-patterns-and-outcomes
#12
Marc Leroy Guifo, Joel Noutakdie Tochie, Blondel Nana Oumarou, Jean Roger Moulion Tapouh, Aristide Guy Bang, Aurelien Ndoumbe, Bonaventure Jemea, Maurice Aurelien Sosso
INTRODUCTION: Paediatric fractures are often of good prognosis due to auto-correction of insufficient fracture reduction by bone remodeling. In sub-Saharan Africa, traditional healers are renowned for managing fractures and there is a neglect for specialized pediatric fracture care. We aimed to determine the demographic characteristics, clinical presentation, treatment patterns and outcomes of paediatric fractures in a tertiary health care centre in Yaoundé. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study of all consenting consecutive cases of fractures in patients younger than 16 years managed between January 2011 and June 2015 at the University Teaching Hospital, Cameroon...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819227/suspected-limited-mobility-of-a-middle-pleistocene-woman-from-southern-italy-strontium-isotopes-of-a-human-deciduous-tooth
#13
Federico Lugli, Anna Cipriani, Julie Arnaud, Marta Arzarello, Carlo Peretto, Stefano Benazzi
We present the Sr isotopic composition of enamel of the most ancient deciduous tooth ever discovered in Italy to assess human mobility in Middle Pleistocene. Reconstructing ancient mobility is crucial for understanding human strategy at exploiting temporally and spatially patchy resources, with most studies focusing on indirect evidences, ultimately affecting our interpretation on hominin territoriality and energetic costs invested by hominin groups. Here, we use the high spatial resolution and micro-destructivity options offered by the Laser Ablation Multi-Collector Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry technique, to determine the (87)Sr/ (86)Sr intra-tooth variability of a human deciduous incisor from the Middle Pleistocene layers of the Isernia La Pineta site (Italy)...
August 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819170/self-shedding-and-sweeping-of-condensate-on-composite-nano-surface-under-external-force-field-enhancement-mechanism-for-dropwise-and-filmwise-condensation-modes
#14
Jie Sun, Hua Sheng Wang
In this work, we propose the concept to use the hydrophilic or neutral surface for condensation heat transfer and to use the superhydrophobic surface for enhancement by self-shedding and sweeping of condensate. Molecular dynamics simulation results show that no matter the vapor condenses on the solid surface in dropwise or filmwise mode, the grown-up condensate self-sheds and falls off the superhydrophobic surface, sweeping the growing condensate on the condensing surface downstream. We characterize the dynamics of condensate that the continuous self-shedding and sweeping effectively remove the droplets from the solid surface in dropwise mode or thin the condensate film on the solid surface in filmwise mode, which significantly enhances the condensation heat transfer...
August 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818971/dynamic-multinuclear-sites-formed-by-mobilized-copper-ions-in-no-x-selective-catalytic-reduction
#15
Christopher Paolucci, Ishant Khurana, Atish A Parekh, Sichi Li, Arthur J Shih, Hui Li, John R Di Iorio, Jonatan D Albarracin-Caballero, Aleksey Yezerets, Jeffrey T Miller, W Nicholas Delgass, Fabio H Ribeiro, William F Schneider, Rajamani Gounder
Copper ions exchanged into zeolites are active for the selective catalytic reduction (SCR) of NO x with NH3, but the low-temperature rate dependence on Cu volumetric density is inconsistent with reaction at single sites. We combine steady-state and transient kinetic measurements, x-ray absorption spectroscopy, and first-principles calculations to demonstrate that under reaction conditions, mobilized Cu ions can travel through zeolite windows and form transient ion pairs that participate in an O2-mediated Cu(I) → Cu(II) redox step integral to SCR...
August 17, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818834/designing-and-implementing-a-physiology-course-for-a-new-doctoral-occupational-therapy-program-with-student-feedback
#16
Barbara E Goodman, Moses N Ikiugu
Recently, the Occupational Therapy Department requested a custom-designed medical physiology course for the students in the new occupational therapy doctoral program. The first author, a physiologist with extensive experience in teaching both undergraduate preprofessional and medical students in human physiology, was recruited to design and implement the course. The course was designed to be consistent with the constructivist philosophy that guides the occupational therapy curriculum. The course was offered for the first time during fall/spring 2015/2016 and included both first- and second-year occupational therapy doctoral students...
September 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818561/the-rise-and-fall-of-impulse-control-behavior-disorders
#17
Giovanni Cossu, Roberta Rinaldi, Carlo Colosimo
INTRODUCTION: Impulse control disorders (ICDs) are psychiatric disorders characterized by the failure to resist an impulse or by the temptation to perform an act that is harmful to oneself or to others. METHODS: ICDs, including pathological gambling, hypersexuality, compulsive eating and shopping, can occur as a complication of Parkinson's disease (PD) together with other behavioral disorders, including dopamine dysregulation syndrome. This review is based on a literature search updated to May 2017, focusing on the epidemiology, clinical features, and therapeutic options of ICDs associated with PD...
August 1, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818466/sink-or-swim-vertical-movement-and-nutrient-storage-in-phytoplankton
#18
James P Grover
A simulation model of vertically migrating phytoplankton is presented, using a Lagrangian, individual-based computational approach. Algal cells acquire and store nutrient at the bottom of the habitat, using stored nutrient to grow while in shallower waters. Stored nutrient also governs movement: cells sink when their nutrient quota falls below a threshold; otherwise they rise (or at least sink more slowly). Although the bottom of the habitat provides the growth-limiting nutrient, it also entails a risk of mortality...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818114/the-impact-of-subsidized-low-aromatic-fuel-laf-on-petrol-gasoline-sniffing-in-remote-australian-indigenous-communities
#19
Peter d'Abbs, Gillian Shaw, Emma Field
BACKGROUND: Since 2005, the Australian Government has subsidized the production and distribution of Low Aromatic Fuel (LAF) as a deterrent against petrol (gasoline) sniffing in remote Indigenous communities. LAF is used in place of unleaded petrol as a fuel for vehicles and other engines. This paper reports findings from an independent evaluation of the LAF rollout. METHODS: Forty one Indigenous communities were surveyed between 2010 and 2014, with each community being visited twice at a two yearly interval...
August 17, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818049/post-treatment-haemolysis-in-african-children-with-hyperparasitaemic-falciparum-malaria-a-randomized-comparison-of-artesunate-and-quinine
#20
C Fanello, M Onyamboko, S J Lee, C Woodrow, S Setaphan, K Chotivanich, P Buffet, S Jauréguiberry, K Rockett, K Stepniewska, N P J Day, N J White, A M Dondorp
BACKGROUND: Parenteral artesunate is the treatment of choice for severe malaria. Recently, haemolytic anaemia occurring 1 to 3 weeks after artesunate treatment of falciparum malaria has been reported in returning travellers in temperate countries. METHODS: To assess these potential safety concerns in African children, in whom most deaths from malaria occur, an open-labelled, randomized controlled trial was conducted in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo. 217 children aged between 6 months and 14 years with acute uncomplicated falciparum malaria and parasite densities over 100,000/μL were randomly allocated to intravenous artesunate or quinine, hospitalized for 3 days and then followed for 42 days...
August 17, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
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