keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

black

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728156/predicting-the-risk-to-develop-preeclampsia-in-the-first-trimester-combining-promoter-variant-98a-c-of-lgals13-placental-protein-13-black-ethnicity-previous-preeclampsia-obesity-and-maternal-age
#1
Liora Madar-Shapiro, Ido Karady, Alla Trahtenherts, Argryo Syngelaki, Ranjit Akolekar, Liona Poon, Ruth Cohen, Adi Sharabi-Nov, Berthold Huppertz, Marei Sammar, Kata Juhasz, Nandor Gabor Than, Zoltan Papp, Roberto Romero, Kypros H Nicolaides, Hamutal Meiri
BACKGROUND: LGALS13 (placental protein 13 [PP13]) promoter DNA polymorphisms was evaluated in predicting preeclampsia (PE), given PP13's effects on hypotension, angiogenesis, and immune tolerance. METHODS: First-trimester plasma samples (49 term and 18 intermediate) of PE cases matched with 196 controls were collected from King's College Hospital, London, repository. Cell-free DNA was extracted and the LGALS13 exons were sequenced after PCR amplification. Expression of LGALS13 promoter reporter constructs was determined in BeWo trophoblast-like cells with luciferase assays...
July 21, 2017: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728114/variation-in-receipt-of-pharmacotherapy-for-alcohol-use-disorders-across-racial-ethnic-groups-a-national-study-in-the-u-s-veterans-health-administration
#2
Emily C Williams, Shalini Gupta, Anna D Rubinsky, Joseph E Glass, Rhonda Jones-Webb, Kara M Bensley, Alex H S Harris
OBJECTIVE: Pharmacologic treatment is recommended for alcohol use disorders (AUD), but most patients do not receive it. Although racial/ethnic minorities have greater AUD consequences than whites, whether AUD medication receipt varies across race/ethnicity is unknown. We evaluate this in a national sample. METHODS: Electronic health records data were extracted for all black, Hispanic, and/or white patients who received care at the U.S. Veterans Health Administration (VA) during Fiscal Year 2012 and had a documented AUD diagnosis...
July 11, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727866/pediatric-posttonsillectomy-analgesia-before-and-after-the-black-box-warning-against-codeine-use
#3
William C Van Cleve
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 20, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727841/river-specific-macrogenomic-diversity-in-simulium-guianense-s-l-diptera-simuliidae-a-complex-of-tropical-american-vectors-associated-with-human-onchocerciasis
#4
Peter H Adler, Neusa Hamada, Jeane Marcelle Cavalcante do Nascimento, Maria Eugenia Grillet
Simulium guianense Wise is a Latin American vector complex of black flies associated with transmission of the causal agent of human onchocerciasis (river blindness). An analysis of the chromosomal banding patterns of 607 larvae of S. guianense s. l. revealed a high level of variation involving 83 macrogenomic rearrangements across 25 populations in Brazil, French Guiana, and Venezuela. The 25 populations were assigned to 13 cytoforms (A1, A2, B1-B4, C, D, E1-E4, and F), some of which are probably valid species...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727682/racial-and-ethnic-differences-in-homicides-of-adult-women-and-the-role-of-intimate-partner-violence-united-states-2003-2014
#5
Emiko Petrosky, Janet M Blair, Carter J Betz, Katherine A Fowler, Shane P D Jack, Bridget H Lyons
Homicide is one of the leading causes of death for women aged ≤44 years.* In 2015, homicide caused the death of 3,519 girls and women in the United States. Rates of female homicide vary by race/ethnicity (1), and nearly half of victims are killed by a current or former male intimate partner (2). To inform homicide and intimate partner violence (IPV) prevention efforts, CDC analyzed homicide data from the National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS) among 10,018 women aged ≥18 years in 18 states during 2003-2014...
July 21, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727617/granulosa-cell-tumors-novel-predictors-of-recurrence-in-early-stage-patients
#6
Sharif Sakr, Eman Abdulfatah, Sumi Thomas, Zaid Al-Wahab, Rafic Beydoun, Robert Morris, Rouba Ali-Fehmi, Sudeshna Bandyopadhyay
Granulosa cell tumors (GCTs) comprise 2% to 5% of ovarian neoplasms, with unpredictable patterns of recurrence. The HER family, GATA4, and SMAD3 genes are reportedly involved in GCT proliferation and apoptosis and may serve as new predictors of recurrence. The aim of the study was to evaluate novel predictors of recurrence in GCT from a large single institution cohort. Patients diagnosed with GCTs (n=125) between 1975 and 2014 were identified. Clinicopathologic parameters were obtained and immunohistochemical evaluation was performed of calretinin, inhibin, HER2, CD56, SMAD3, and GATA4...
May 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727540/community-based-preclinical-patient-navigation-for-colorectal-cancer-screening-among-older-black-men-recruited-from-barbershops-the-mister-b-trial
#7
Helen Cole, Hayley S Thompson, Marilyn White, Ruth Browne, Chau Trinh-Shevrin, Scott Braithwaite, Kevin Fiscella, Carla Boutin-Foster, Joseph Ravenell
OBJECTIVES: To test the effectiveness of a preclinical, telephone-based patient navigation intervention to encourage colorectal cancer (CRC) screening among older Black men. METHODS: We conducted a 3-parallel-arm, randomized trial among 731 self-identified Black men recruited at barbershops between 2010 and 2013 in New York City. Participants had to be aged 50 years or older, not be up-to-date on CRC screening, have uncontrolled high blood pressure, and have a working telephone...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727535/civil-unrest-in-the-context-of-chronic-community-violence-impact-on-maternal-depressive-symptoms
#8
Doris P Yimgang, Yan Wang, Grace Paik, Erin R Hager, Maureen M Black
OBJECTIVES: To examine changes in maternal-child health surrounding the April 2015 civil unrest in Baltimore, Maryland, following Freddie Gray's death while in police custody. METHODS: We conducted cross-sectional Children's HealthWatch surveys January 2014 through December 2015 in pediatric emergency departments and primary care clinics on maternal-child health and June 2015 through October 2015 on daily and community routines. We used trend analysis and piecewise logistic regression to examine effects of time, residential proximity moderation, and mediation analysis to assess proximity and maternal-child health relations via maternal concerns...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727530/homicide-rates-of-transgender-individuals-in-the-united-states-2010-2014
#9
Alexis Dinno
OBJECTIVES: To estimate homicide rates of transgender US residents and relative risks (RRs) of homicide with respect to cisgender comparators intersected with age, gender, and race/ethnicity. METHODS: I estimated homicide rates for transgender residents and transfeminine, Black, Latin@, and young (aged 15-34 years) subpopulations during the period 2010 to 2014 using Transgender Day of Remembrance and National Coalition of Anti-Violence Programs transgender homicide data...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727528/racial-ethnic-and-socioeconomic-disparities-in-hydration-status-among-us-adults-and-the-role-of-tap-water-and-other-beverage-intake
#10
Carolyn J Brooks, Steven L Gortmaker, Michael W Long, Angie L Cradock, Erica L Kenney
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether differences in tap water and other beverage intake explain differences in inadequate hydration among US adults by race/ethnicity and income. METHODS: We estimated the prevalence of inadequate hydration (urine osmolality ≥ 800 mOsm/kg) by race/ethnicity and income of 8258 participants aged 20 to 74 years in the 2009 to 2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Using multivariable regression models, we estimated associations between demographic variables, tap water intake, and inadequate hydration...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727522/impact-of-preventing-excessive-gestational-weight-gain-on-maternal-obesity-at-age-40-years-an-analysis-of-a-nationally-representative-sample
#11
Barbara Abrams, Jeremy Coyle, Alison K Cohen, Irene Headen, Alan Hubbard, Lorrene Ritchie, David H Rehkopf
OBJECTIVES: To model the hypothetical impact of preventing excessive gestational weight gain on midlife obesity and compare the estimated reduction with the US Healthy People 2020 goal of a 10% reduction of obesity prevalence in adults. METHODS: We analyzed 3917 women with 1 to 3 pregnancies in the prospective US National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, from 1979 to 2012. We compared the estimated obesity prevalence between 2 scenarios: gestational weight gain as reported and under the scenario of a hypothetical intervention that all women with excessive gestational weight gain instead gained as recommended by the Institute of Medicine (2009)...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727288/complications-preceding-early-deaths-in-black-and-white-children-with-acute-myeloid-leukemia
#12
Lena E Winestone, Kelly D Getz, Tamara P Miller, Yimei Li, Yuan-Shung Huang, Alix E Seif, Brian T Fisher, Richard Aplenc
Black patients have a twofold increased risk of induction mortality compared to White patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). We reviewed diagnosis and billing data from Pediatric Health Information System for 28 AML Induction I deaths to investigate conditions preceding death in White and Black patients. Half of deaths occurred within 10 days of initial diagnostic admission. Respiratory, cardiac, renal, and infectious complications were common prior to both White and Black deaths. Deaths in White patients were more commonly preceded by intracranial hemorrhage compared to deaths in Black patients...
July 20, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727136/a-multidimensional-view-of-racial-differences-in-access-to-prostate-cancer-care
#13
Craig Evan Pollack, Katrina A Armstrong, Nandita Mitra, Xinwei Chen, Katelyn R Ward, Archana Radhakrishnan, Michelle S Wong, Justin E Bekelman, Charles C Branas, Karin V Rhodes, David T Grande
BACKGROUND: Racial disparities in prostate cancer treatment and outcomes are widespread and poorly understood. In the current study, the authors sought to determine whether access to care, measured across multiple dimensions, contributed to racial differences in prostate cancer. METHODS: The Philadelphia Area Prostate Cancer Access Study (P(2) Access) included 2374 men diagnosed with localized prostate cancer between 2012 and 2014. Men were surveyed to assess their experiences accessing care (response rate of 51...
July 20, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727006/genetic-analysis-of-semen-production-traits-of-japanese-black-and-holstein-bulls-genome-wide-marker-based-estimation-of-genetic-parameters-and-environmental-effect-trends
#14
Y Atagi, A Onogi, M Kinukawa, A Ogino, K Kurogi, K Uchiyama, T Yasumori, K Adachi, K Togashi, H Iwata
The semen production traits of bulls from 2 major cattle breeds in Japan, Holstein and Japanese Black, were analyzed comprehensively using genome-wide markers. Weaker genetic correlations were observed between the 2 age groups (1 to 3 yr old and 4 to 6 yr old) regarding semen volume and sperm motility compared with those observed for sperm number and motility after freeze-thawing. The preselection of collected semen for freezing had a limited effect. Given the increasing importance of bull proofs at a young age because of genomic selection and the results from preliminary studies, we used a multiple-trait model that included motility after freeze-thawing with records collected at young ages...
May 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726796/three-year-change-in-endothelin-1-and-markers-of-vascular-remodelling-in-a-bi-ethnic-south-african-cohort-the-sabpa-study
#15
C S du Plooy, C M C Mels, H W Huisman, R Kruger
South Africans are at high risk for developing cardiovascular disease. Endothelin-1 is known for its vasoconstrictive properties and its ability to contribute to vascular structural changes. In this study we investigated the association of change in endothelin-1 levels and change in markers implicated in vascular remodelling after 3 years. Serum endothelin-1 levels and markers of vascular remodelling such as carotid intima-media thickness, carotid cross-sectional wall area (CSWA) and arterial compliance were measured...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726674/graphene-gas-sensing-using-a-non-contact-microwave-method
#16
Nicola Charlotte Grant Black, Chenguang Liu, Ruth Pearce, Bing Li, Stefan Maier, Lesley F Cohen, John C Gallop, Ling Hao
We report a non-contact CVD graphene gas sensing method that utilises a high Q microwave dielectric resonator perturbation technique. A graphene sample is coupled to the evanescent field of a dielectric resonator whereupon nitrogen dioxide (NO2), a p-doping gas, is detected by monitoring the change in the linewidth and frequency of the resonant mode. The resonant peak shape is dependent on the number of carriers in the graphene sheet. Therefore, the linewidth perturbation can be converted to a measurement of the graphene sheet resistance...
July 20, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726474/is-subjective-social-status-a-unique-correlate-of-physical-health-a-meta-analysis
#17
Jenny M Cundiff, Karen A Matthews
OBJECTIVE: Both social stratification (e.g., social rank) as well as economic resources (e.g., income) are thought to contribute to socioeconomic health disparities. It has been proposed that subjective socioeconomic status (an individual's perception of his or her hierarchical rank) provides increased predictive utility for physical health over and above more traditional, well-researched socioeconomic constructs such as education, occupation, and income. METHOD: PsycINFO and PubMed databases were systematically searched for studies examining the association of subjective socioeconomic status (SES) and physical health adjusting for at least 1 measure of objective SES...
July 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726467/the-importance-of-the-neighborhood-in-the-2014-ebola-outbreak-in-the-united-states-distress-worry-and-functioning
#18
Rupa Jose, E Alison Holman, Roxane Cohen Silver
OBJECTIVE: Ebola media coverage directed public attention to potential disease carriers: residents or travelers from West Africa. We investigated the role of neighborhood population factors (i.e., the concentration of West African foreigners, non-West African foreigners, non-Hispanic Blacks) on individual responses to the Ebola outbreak in the United States. The role of these community-level factors in emotional responses to this public health crisis is poorly understood. METHOD: Demographic factors, mental health, and stressful event history, collected as part of an ongoing longitudinal study of residents from 2 metropolitan communities (New York City and Boston, total N = 1,346), were combined with neighborhood data from the U...
July 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726401/amidoalkylindoles-as-potent-and-selective-cannabinoid-type-2-receptor-agonists-with-in-vivo-efficacy-in-a-mouse-model-of-multiple-sclerosis
#19
Ying Shi, Yan-Hui Duan, Yue-Yang Ji, Zhi-Long Wang, Yan-Ran Wu, Hendra Gunosewoyo, Xiao-Yu Xie, Jian-Zhong Chen, Fan Yang, Jing Li, Jie Tang, Xin Xie, Li-Fang Yu
Selective CB2 agonists represent an attractive therapeutic strategy for the treatment of a variety of diseases without psychiatric side effects mediated by the CB1 receptor. We carried out a rational optimization of a black market designer drug SDB-001 that led to the identification of potent and selective CB2 agonists. A 7-methoxy or 7-methylthio substitution at the 3-amidoalkylindoles resulted in potent CB2 antagonists (27 or 28, IC50 = 16-28 nM). Replacement of the amidoalkyls from 3-position to the 2-position of the indole ring dramatically increased the agonist selectivity on the CB2 over CB1 receptor...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726376/dentritic-cuptpd-catalyst-for-enhanced-electrochemical-oxidation-of-methanol
#20
Xiaoqin Shi, Ying Wen, Xiaoyu Guo, Yuxia Pan, Yuanyuan Ji, Ye Ying, Hai-Feng Yang
The CuPtPd catalyst is designed and synthesized successfully via directly reducing metal ions. The composition, morphology and structure of the as-prepared CuPtPd nanohybrids are characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), energy-dispersive spectrometer (EDS), selected-area electron diffraction (SAED), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES). By comparison of the electrocatalytic properties of the ternary CuPtPd catalyst with bimetallic catalysts, we find that ternary nanocomposites perform better electrocatalytic and anti-poisoning activity towards oxidation of methanol...
July 20, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
keyword
keyword
23
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"