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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223092/treatment-of-dye-wastewater-using-an-ultrasonic-aided-nanoparticle-stacked-activated-carbon-kinetic-and-isotherm-modelling
#1
Ponnusamy Senthil Kumar, Sunita J Varjani, Subburaj Suganya
The present work explains the biosorption of malachite green dye from aquatic systems by nano zero valent iron stacked activated carbon (NZVI-AC), which was prepared by dual surface modification strategy. NZVI-AC was characterized by using FTIR, SEM-EDX, XRD and TGA. NZVI-AC exhibited efficient performance in dye biosorption properties. Experimental variables such as time, pH, dye concentration, temperature and biosorbent dosage influenced Langmuir adsorption capacity of 187.3 mg/g. The present biosorption system was best described by pseudo-first order kinetics...
December 6, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222977/ultra-deep-adsorptive-desulfurization-of-fuels-on-cobalt-and-molybdenum-nanoparticles-loaded-on-activated-carbon-derived-from-waste-rubber
#2
Tawfik A Saleh, Saddam A Al-Hammadi, Abdulkadir Tanimu, Khalid Alhooshani
The role of cobalt and molybdenum nanoparticles loaded on activated carbon (AC) on the adsorptive desulfurization ability of sulfur-containing compounds was investigated under ambient conditions. The AC was first synthesized and activated, followed by incorporation of the cobalt (Co), molybdenum (Mo) and both Co and Mo nanoparticles. The adsorption activity parameters of the developed composites were determined using surface characterization and N2 physisorption techniques. The prepared composites were evaluated for simultaneous adsorption of sulfur compounds from fuels...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222529/prediction-of-cassava-protein-interactome-based-on-interolog-method
#3
Ratana Thanasomboon, Saowalak Kalapanulak, Supatcharee Netrphan, Treenut Saithong
Cassava is a starchy root crop whose role in food security becomes more significant nowadays. Together with the industrial uses for versatile purposes, demand for cassava starch is continuously growing. However, in-depth study to uncover the mystery of cellular regulation, especially the interaction between proteins, is lacking. To reduce the knowledge gap in protein-protein interaction (PPI), genome-scale PPI network of cassava was constructed using interolog-based method (MePPI-In, available at http://bml...
December 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222496/genome-wide-and-gene-based-association-mapping-for-rice-eating-and-cooking-characteristics-and-protein-content
#4
Xiaoqian Wang, Yunlong Pang, Jian Zhang, Zhichao Wu, Kai Chen, Jauhar Ali, Guoyou Ye, Jianlong Xu, Zhikang Li
Rice eating and cooking quality and protein content (PC) are important properties affecting consumers' preferences, nutrition and health. Linkage QTL mapping and association studies are usually applied to genetically dissect related traits, which could be further facilitated by high density SNP markers and gene annotation based on reference genome to rapid identify candidate genes associated with interested traits. Here, we carried out an association study for apparent amylose content (AC), gel consistency (GC), gelatinization temperature (GT) and PC evaluated in two environments using a diverse panel of 258 accessions from 3 K Rice Genome Project...
December 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222482/poly-methyl-vinyl-ether-alt-maleic-acid-and-ethyl-monoester-as-building-polymers-for-drug-loadable-electrospun-nanofibers
#5
Amalia Mira, C Reyes Mateo, Ricardo Mallavia, Alberto Falco
New biomaterials are sought for the development of bioengineered nanostructures. In the present study, electrospun nanofibers have been synthesized by using poly(methyl vinyl ether-alt-maleic acid) and poly(methyl vinyl ether-alt-maleic ethyl monoester) (PMVEMA-Ac and PMVEMA-ES, respectively) as building polymers for the first time. To further functionalize these materials, nanofibers of PMVEMA-Ac and PMVEMA-ES containing a conjugated polyelectrolyte (HTMA-PFP, blue emitter, and HTMA-PFNT, red emitter) were achieved with both forms maintaining a high solid state fluorescence yield without altered morphology...
December 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221384/the-second-virial-coefficient-of-bounded-mie-potentials
#6
D M Heyes, T Pereira de Vasconcelos
The second virial coefficient (SVC) of bounded generalizations of the Mie m:n potential ϕ(r)=λ[1/(aq+rq)m/q-1/(aq+rq)n/q], where λ, a, q, m, and n are constants (a ≥ 0), is explored. The particle separation distance is r. This potential could be used as an effective interaction between polymeric dispersed colloidal particles of various degrees of interpenetrability. The SVC is negative for all temperatures for a, greater than a critical value, ac, which coincides with the range of a, where the system is thermodynamically unstable...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220991/assessing-uncertainties-in-scattering-correction-algorithms-for-reflective-tube-absorption-measurements-made-with-a-wet-labs-ac-9
#7
Nicole D Stockley, Rüdiger Röttgers, David McKee, Ina Lefering, James M Sullivan, Michael S Twardowski
In situ absorption measurements collected with a WET Labs ac-9 employing a reflective tube approach were scatter corrected using several possible methods and compared to reference measurements made by a PSICAM to assess performance. Overall, two correction methods performed best for the stations sampled: one using an empirical relationship between the ac-9 and PSICAM to derive the scattering error (ε) in the near-infrared (NIR), and one where ε was independently derived from concurrent measurements of the volume scattering function (VSF)...
November 27, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220695/altered-resting-state-functional-connectivity-in-early-course-schizophrenia
#8
Aastha Sharma, Arvind Kumar, Sadhana Singh, Triptish Bhatia, R P Beniwal, Subash Khushu, Konasale M Prasad, Smita N Deshpande
Impaired connectivity is proposed to underlie pathophysiology of schizophrenia. Existing studies on functional connectivity show inconsistent results. We examined functional connectivity in a clinically homogenous sample of 34 early course schizophrenia patients compared with/to 19 healthy controls using resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rsfMRI). Mean duration of illness for schizophrenia patients was 4 ± 1.78 years. Following a comprehensive clinical assessment, rsfMRI data were acquired using a 3...
November 22, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220448/cancer-odor-database-cod-a-critical-databank-for-cancer-diagnosis-research
#9
Sajjad Janfaza, Maryam Banan Nojavani, Babak Khorsand, Maryam Nikkhah, Javad Zahiri
http://bioinf.modares.ac.ir/software/cod/.
January 1, 2017: Database: the Journal of Biological Databases and Curation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220445/the-grass-carp-genome-database-gcgd-an-online-platform-for-genome-features-and-annotations
#10
Yaxin Chen, Mijuan Shi, Wanting Zhang, Yingyin Cheng, Yaping Wang, Xiao-Qin Xia
http://bioinfo.ihb.ac.cn/gcgd.
January 1, 2017: Database: the Journal of Biological Databases and Curation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220433/tible-a-web-based-freely-accessible-resource-for-small-molecule-binding-data-for-mycobacterial-species
#11
Sony Malhotra, Grace Mugumbate, Tom L Blundell, Alicia P Higueruelo
http://www-cryst.bioc.cam.ac.uk/tible/.
January 1, 2017: Database: the Journal of Biological Databases and Curation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220350/deep-sequencing-of-near-full-length-hiv-1-genomes-from-plasma-identifies-circulating-subtype-c-and-infrequent-occurrence-of-ac-recombinant-form-in-southern-india
#12
Shuba Varshini Alampalli, Michael M Thomson, Raghavan Sampathkumar, Karthi Sivaraman, Anto Jesuraj U K J, Chirag Dhar, George D Souza, Neil Berry, Annapurna Vyakarnam
India has the third largest number of HIV-1-infected individuals accounting for approximately 2.1 million people, with a predominance of circulating subtype C strains and a low prevalence of subtype A and A1C and BC recombinant forms, identified over the past two decades. Recovery of near full-length HIV-1 genomes from a plasma source coupled with advances in next generation sequencing (NGS) technologies and development of universal methods for amplifying whole genomes of HIV-1 circulating in a target geography or population provides the opportunity for a detailed analysis of HIV-1 strain identification, evolution and dynamics...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218801/frontiers-in-alley-cropping-transformative-solutions-for-temperate-agriculture
#13
Kevin J Wolz, Sarah T Lovell, Bruce E Branham, William C Eddy, Keefe Keeley, Ronald S Revord, Michelle M Wander, Wendy H Yang, Evan H DeLucia
Annual row crops dominate agriculture around the world and have considerable negative environmental impacts, including significant greenhouse gas emissions. Transformative land-use solutions are necessary to mitigate climate change and restore critical ecosystem services. Alley cropping (AC)-the integration of trees with crops-is an agroforestry practice that has been studied as a transformative, multifunctional land-use solution. In the temperate zone, AC has strong potential for climate change mitigation through direct emissions reductions and increases in land-use efficiency via overyielding compared to trees and crops grown separately...
December 8, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218636/incorporation-of-second-coordination-sphere-d-amino-acids-alters-cd-ii-geometries-in-designed-thiolate-rich-proteins
#14
Leela Ruckthong, Aniruddha Deb, Lars Hemmingsen, James E Penner-Hahn, Vincent L Pecoraro
We use a de Novo protein design strategy to demonstrate that the second coordination sphere of a metal site plays a key role in controlling coordination geometries of Cd(II)-tris-thiolate complexes. Specifically, we show that alteration of chirality within the core hydrophobic packing region of a three-stranded coiled coil (3SCC) can control the coordination number of Cd(II) by limiting steric encumbrance to the metal center. Within a specific class of 3SCCs [Ac-G-(LKALEEK) n -G-NH2], where n = 4 is TRI and n = 5 is GRAND, one L-Leu may be substituted by L-Cys to generate a planar tris-thiolate array capable of metal binding...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry: JBIC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216922/lactic-fermented-egg-white-improves-visceral-fat-obesity-in-japanese-subjects-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#15
Ryosuke Matsuoka, Keiko Kamachi, Mika Usuda, Wei Wang, Yasunobu Masuda, Masaaki Kunou, Akira Tanaka, Kazunori Utsunomiya
BACKGROUND: It was reported that egg white protein (EWP) reduced body fat in rats. We developed a lactic-fermented egg white (LE) that facilitates the consumption of egg whites by fermenting them with lactobacillus, and were able to study their intake in humans. In this double-blind, placebo-controlled design, we evaluated the effect of LE on visceral fat area (VFA). METHODS: Participants included 37 adult males and females aged ≥40 years (VFA at navel ≥100 cm2)...
December 8, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216919/the-acutely-injured-acromioclavicular-joint-which-imaging-modalities-should-be-used-for-accurate-diagnosis-a-systematic-review
#16
Jonas Pogorzelski, Knut Beitzel, Francesco Ranuccio, Klaus Wörtler, Andreas B Imhoff, Peter J Millett, Sepp Braun
BACKGROUND: The management of acute acromioclavicular (AC) joint injuries depends on the degree of injury diagnosed by the Rockwood classification. Inadequate imaging and not selecting the most helpful imaging protocols can often lead to incorrect diagnosis of the injury. A consensus on a diagnostic imaging protocol for acute AC joint injuries does not currently exist. Therefore we conducted a systematic review of the literature considering three diagnostic parameters for patients with acromioclavicular (AC) joint injuries: 1) Assessment of vertical instability; 2) Assessment of horizontal instability; 3) Benefit of weighted panoramic views...
December 8, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216774/chinese-fetal-biometry-reference-equations-and-comparison-with-charts-from-other-populations
#17
Yixiu Zhang, Hua Meng, Yuxin Jiang, Zhonghui Xu, Yunshu Ouyang, Shengli Li, Qian Chen, Qingqing Wu, Rui Li, Tong Ru, Aailu Cai, Xinlin Chen, Taizhu Yang, Ping Chen, Hongning Xie, Hong Lu, Qing Dai, Fen Dong, Meng Yang, Xiao Yang, Jia Lu, Jiawei Tian, Kun Sun, Hui Li
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to construct new reference charts and equations for fetal biometry from Chinese fetuses at 15-40 weeks and to compare them with previous references. METHOD: This was a prospective, cross-sectional study of singleton pregnancies in patients with a confirmed gestational age who underwent ultrasound examinations between the 15th and 40th weeks of gestation. Each woman was selected only once for this study. Biparietal diameter (BPD), head circumference (HC), abdominal circumference (AC), and femur length (FL) were recorded...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216702/-sonographic-evaluation-of-achilles-tendon-healing-in-tenotomies-for-congenital-clubfoot-and-ponsetis-treatment-a-12-week-follow-up
#18
J G Ríos-Ruiz, D M González-Torres, L A Valdez-Jiménez
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the healing time of Achilles tendon in pediatric patients treated with Achilles tenotomy with the Ponseti method in Shriners Childrens Hospital of Mexico, AC. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Experimental, analytical, prospective, longitudinal study of patients with a diagnosis of idiopathic congenital clubfoot treated with the Ponseti method with serial static and dynamic evaluation by ultrasound in real time with a Siemens Diagnostic Ultrasound System Sonoline 650, linear transducer 10...
May 2017: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216592/activated-carbon-thin-layer-placement-as-an-in-situ-mercury-remediation-tool-in-a-penobscot-river-salt-marsh
#19
Cynthia Gilmour, Tyler Bell, Ally Soren, Georgia Riedel, Gerhardt Riedel, Dianne Kopec, Drew Bodaly, Upal Ghosh
The efficacy of thin layer in situ soil amendments was tested as a potential tool for methylmercury (MeHg) risk mitigation in Penobscot River, ME, salt marsh. Salt marshes are sites of high MeHg accumulation within the Penobscot, and key targets for remediation. The study was a fully-crossed small plot study, with four treatments (activated carbon (AC), biochar, FeCl2, and lime) and unamended controls at two sites. Plots were monitored for two years. Porewater MeHg concentrations were the main endpoint, with impacts on sediment biogeochemistry as a secondary study goal...
December 4, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216378/melonet-db-a-grand-rna-seq-gene-expression-atlas-in-melon-cucumis-melo-l
#20
Ryoichi Yano, Satoko Nonaka, Hiroshi Ezura
Melon (Cucumis melo L.) is an important Cucurbitaceae crop produced world-wide, exhibiting wide genetic variations and comprising both climacteric and non-climacteric fruit types. The muskmelon cultivar "Earl's favorite Harukei-3 (Harukei-3)" known for its sweetness and rich aroma is used for breeding of high-grade muskmelon in Japan. We conducted RNA-seq transcriptome studies in 30 different tissues of the 'Harukei-3' melon. These included root, stems, leaves, flowers, regenerating callus, and ovaries, in addition to the flesh and peel sampled at 7 stages of fruit development...
December 4, 2017: Plant & Cell Physiology
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