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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334274/an-overview-of-robotic-mechanical-devices-for-post-stroke-thumb-rehabilitation
#1
Marian Suarez-Escobar, Elizabeth Rendon-Velez
PURPOSE: This article aims to clarify the current state-of-the-art of robotic/mechanical devices for post-stroke thumb rehabilitation as well as the anatomical characteristics and motions of the thumb that are crucial for the development of any device that aims to support its motion. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted to identify robotic/mechanical devices for post-stroke thumb rehabilitation. Specific electronic databases and well-defined search terms and inclusion/exclusion criteria were used for such purpose...
January 15, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333504/community-based-physical-activity-as-adjunctive-smoking-cessation-treatment-rationale-design-and-baseline-data-for-the-lifestyle-enhancement-program-leap-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Mark W Vander Weg, Mace Coday, Michelle B Stockton, Barbara McClanahan, George Relyea, Mary C Read, Nancy Wilson, Stephanie Connelly, Phyllis Richey, Karen C Johnson, Kenneth D Ward
Despite advances in behavioral and pharmacological treatment for tobacco use and dependence, quit rates remain suboptimal. Increasing physical activity has shown some promise as a strategy for improving cessation outcomes. However, initial efficacy studies focused on intensive, highly structured exercise programs that may not be applicable to the general population of smokers. We describe the rationale and study design and report baseline participant characteristics from the Lifestyle Enhancement Program (LEAP), a two-group, randomized controlled trial...
March 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332919/high-intensity-interval-training-for-severe-left-ventricular-dysfunction-treated-with-left-ventricular-assist-device
#3
Yusuke Ugata, Hiroshi Wada, Kenichi Sakakura, Tatsuro Ibe, Miyuki Ito, Nahoko Ikeda, Hideo Fujita, Shin-Ichi Momomura
Aerobic training based on anaerobic threshold (AT) is well-known to improve cardiac function, exercise capacity, and long-term outcomes of patients with heart failure. Recent reports suggested that high-intensity interval training (HIIT) for patients with cardiovascular disease may improve cardiopulmonary exercise capacity. We present a 61-year-old male patient of severe left ventricular dysfunction with left ventricular assisted device (LVAD). Following HIIT for 8 weeks, exercise capacity and muscle strength have improved without worsening left ventricular function...
January 15, 2018: International Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332765/aquatic-myofascial-release-applied-after-high-intensity-exercise-increases-flexibility-and-decreases-pain
#4
Viviane Ramos Costa Lêdo, Ana Paula Xavier, Cesar Augustus Zocoler de Souza, Susi Mary de Souza Fernandes, Étria Rodrigues, Érico Chagas Caperuto
OBJECTIVES: To investigate aquatic myofascial release (AMR) effects on flexibility and delayed onset muscle soreness, after high intensity exercises. STUDY DESIGN: 15 participants, control (CON) and intervention (INT), 3 moments, pre (Pre), after (Post) and 50 min after (Post 50/Post AMR). 6 exercises, 5 sets, 15 reps at 85% of 1 maximum repetition, followed, or not, by 50 min of AMR. VARIABLES: Heart rate, lactate, rate of perceived exertion, pain and flexibility...
January 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332237/acute-acetaminophen-ingestion-improves-performance-and-muscle-activation-during-maximal-intermittent-knee-extensor-exercise
#5
Paul T Morgan, Joanna L Bowtell, Anni Vanhatalo, Andrew M Jones, Stephen J Bailey
AIM: Acetaminophen is a commonly used medicine for pain relief and emerging evidence suggests that it may improve endurance exercise performance. This study investigated some of the physiological mechanisms by which acute acetaminophen ingestion might blunt muscle fatigue development. METHODS: Thirteen active males completed 60 × 3 s maximum voluntary contractions (MVC) of the knee extensors with each contraction separated by a 2 s passive recovery period...
January 13, 2018: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329910/the-effects-of-exercise-intensity-and-post-exercise-recovery-time-on-cortical-activation-as-revealed-by-eeg-alpha-peak-frequency
#6
B Gutmann, P Zimmer, T Hülsdünker, J Lefebvre, S Binnebößel, M Oberste, W Bloch, H K Strüder, A Mierau
Acute physical exercise (APE) induces an increase in the individual alpha peak frequency (iAPF), a cortical parameter associated with neural information processing speed. The aim of this study was to further scrutinize the influence of different APE intensities on post-exercise iAPF as well as its time course after exercise cessation. 95 healthy young (18-35 years) subjects participated in two randomized controlled experiments (EX1 and EX2). In EX1, all participants completed a graded exercise test (GXT) until exhaustion and were randomly allocated into different delay groups (immediately 0, 30, 60 and 90 minutes after GXT)...
January 9, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329778/high-intensity-interval-training-versus-continuous-training-on-physiological-and-metabolic-variables-in-prediabetes-and-type-2-diabetes-a-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Angélica Trevisan De Nardi, Tainara Tolves, Thatiane Larissa Lenzi, Luis Ulisses Signori, Antônio Marcos Vargas da Silva
AIMS: To compare the effects of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) versus moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) on functional capacity and cardiometabolic markers in individuals prediabetes and type 2 diabetes (T2D). METHODS: The search was performed in PubMed (MEDLINE), EMBASE, PEDro, CENTRAL, Scopus, LILACS database, and Clinical Trials from the inception to July 2017, included randomized clinical trials that compared the use of HIIT and MICT in prediabetes and T2D adults...
January 9, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329555/exercise-during-and-after-neoadjuvant-rectal-cancer-treatment-the-exert-trial-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Andria R Morielli, Nawaid Usmani, Normand G Boulé, Diane Severin, Keith Tankel, Tirath Nijjar, Kurian Joseph, Alysa Fairchild, Kerry S Courneya
BACKGROUND: Standard treatment for locally advanced rectal cancer includes 5-6 weeks of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (NACRT) followed by total mesorectal excision 6-8 weeks later. NACRT improves local disease control and surgical outcomes but also causes side effects including fatigue, diarrhea, hand-foot syndrome, and physical deconditioning that may impede quality of life (QoL), treatment completion, treatment response, and long-term prognosis. Interventions to improve treatment outcomes and manage side effects that are safe, tolerable and low-cost are highly desirable...
January 12, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326087/a-multicomponent-exercise-program-improves-physical-function-in-long-term-nursing-home-residents-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Haritz Arrieta, Chloe Rezola, Idoia Zarrazquin, Iñaki Echeverria, Jose Javier Yanguas, Miren Iturburu, Susana Maria Gil, Ana Rodriguez-Larrad, Jon Irazusta
To investigate the impact of a multicomponent exercise program on anthropometry, physical function, and physical activity on older adults living in long-term nursing homes (LTNH), we conducted a randomized controlled trial involving 112 participants aged 84.9 ± 6.9 years. Participants were randomly assigned to an intervention (IG) or control group (CG). The IG participated in a 3-month multicomponent exercise intervention focused on strength, balance, stretching exercises, and walking recommendations...
January 8, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325455/influence-of-middle-distance-running-on-muscular-micro-rnas
#10
Elisa Danese, Marco Benati, Fabian Sanchis-Gomar, Cantor Tarperi, Gian Luca Salvagno, Elisa Paviati, Martina Montagnana, Federico Schena, Giuseppe Lippi
A specific subset of micro RNAs (miRs), including miR-133 and miR-206, is specifically expressed in muscle tissue, so that they are currently defined as muscular miRs (myomiRs). To further elucidate the role of myomiRs in muscle biology, we measured miR-133a and miR-206 in plasma of 28 middle-age recreational athletes. The study population consisted of 28 middle aged, recreation athletes (11 women and 17 men; mean age, 46 years) who completed a 21.1 km, half-marathon. The plasma concentration of miR-133a and miR-206, the serum concentration of creatine kinase (CK) and high-sensitivity (HS) cardiac troponin T (cTnT), as well as capillary lactate, were measured before and immediately after the run...
January 11, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324580/the-relationship-between-skating-economy-and-performance-during-a-repeated-shift-test-in-elite-and-sub-elite-ice-hockey-players
#11
Nicholas R Lamoureux, Grant R Tomkinson, Benjamin J Peterson, John S Fitzgerald
The purpose of this study was to determine the importance of skating economy to fatigue during repeated high-intensity efforts of a simulated ice hockey shift. Forty-five collegiate and Junior A male ice hockey players (aged 18-24 years) performed a continuous graded exercise test using a skate treadmill. Breath-by-breath data for oxygen consumption (V[Combining Dot Above]O2) and respiratory exchange ratio were collected and used to derive energy expenditure (EE) averaged over the final 10 seconds of each stage...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320303/time-of-day-and-short-duration-high-intensity-exercise-influences-on-coagulation-and-fibrinolysis
#12
Emma Kate Zadow, Cecilia Marie Kitic, Sam Shi Xuan Wu, James William Fell, Murray John Adams
Exercise has been demonstrated to have considerable effects upon haemostasis, with activation dependent upon the duration and intensity of the exercise bout. In addition, markers of coagulation and fibrinolysis have been shown to possess circadian rhythms, peaking within the morning (0600-1200 h). Therefore, the time of day in which exercise is performed may influence the activation of the coagulation and fibrinolytic systems. This study aimed to examine coagulation and fibrinolytic responses to short-duration high-intensity exercise when completed at different times of the day...
January 10, 2018: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316715/twelve-weeks-of-medium-intensity-exercise-therapy-affects-the-lipoprotein-profile-of-multiple-sclerosis-patients
#13
Winde Jorissen, Tim Vanmierlo, Inez Wens, Veerle Somers, Bart Van Wijmeersch, Jeroen F Bogie, Alan T Remaley, Bert O Eijnde, Jerome J A Hendriks
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory auto-immune disease of the central nervous system (CNS). Serum glucose alterations and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) are reported in MS patients, and are commonly associated with the development of cardio-metabolic co-morbidities. We previously found that a subgroup of MS patients shows alterations in their lipoprotein profile that are similar to a pre-cardiovascular risk profile. In addition, we showed that a high-intensity exercise training has a positive effect on IGT in MS patients...
January 8, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316273/pilot-project-physiologic-responses-to-a-high-intensity-active-video-game-with-copd-patients-tools-for-home-rehabilitation
#14
Andrée-Anne Parent, Vincent Gosselin-Boucher, Marilyn Houle-Peloquin, Claude Poirier, Alain-Steve Comtois
INTRODUCTION: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a respiratory condition that causes a significant deterioration of the quality of life. However, exercise can improve the quality of life for COPD patients and it is for this reason previous study observed the effects of active video games to increase exercise. Using motion capture devices with short bursts of exercise never been tried with COPD patients. OBJECTIVES: The objective was to observe the feasibility of using this device safely and easily with COPD patients...
January 8, 2018: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315829/effects-of-acute-isometric-resistance-exercise-on-cervicomedullary-motor-evoked-potentials
#15
James L Nuzzo, Benjamin K Barry, Simon C Gandevia, Janet L Taylor
Cervicomedullary motor evoked potentials (CMEPs) in relaxed biceps brachii have been reported to facilitate after acute isometric exercise of the elbow flexors. This facilitation, which reflects either enhanced corticospinal transmission or increased motoneurone excitability, has only been documented in the limb posture used during exercise. In Experiment 1, we tested if these spinal changes "transfer" to a second posture. Fourteen individuals completed 12 sets of high-force isometric contractions of the elbow flexors with the forearm pronated...
January 6, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313359/effects-of-different-aerobic-exercise-programmes-with-nutritional-intervention-in-sedentary-adults-with-overweight-obesity-and-hypertension-exerdiet-hta-study
#16
Ilargi Gorostegi-Anduaga, Pablo Corres, Aitor MartinezAguirre-Betolaza, Javier Pérez-Asenjo, G Rodrigo Aispuru, Simon M Fryer, Sara Maldonado-Martín
Background Both exercise training and diet are recommended to prevent and control hypertension and overweight/obesity. Purpose The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of different 16-week aerobic exercise programmes with hypocaloric diet on blood pressure, body composition, cardiorespiratory fitness and pharmacological treatment. Methods Overweight/obese, sedentary participants ( n = 175, aged 54.0 ± 8.2 years) with hypertension were randomly assigned into an attention control group (physical activity recommendations) or one of three supervised exercise groups (2 days/week: high-volume with 45 minutes of moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT), high-volume and high-intensity interval training (HIIT), alternating high and moderate intensities, and low-volume HIIT (20 minutes))...
January 1, 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313111/long-term-swimming-training-modifies-acute-immune-cell-response-to-a-high-intensity-session
#17
José P Morgado, Cristina P Monteiro, Catarina N Matias, Joana F Reis, Júlia Teles, Maria José Laires, Francisco Alves
PURPOSE: Long-term training influence on athletes' immune cell response to acute exercise has been poorly studied, despite the complexity of both chronic and acute adaptations induced by training. The purpose of the study is to study the influence of a 4-month swimming training cycle on the immune cell response to a high-intensity training session, during 24 h of recovery, considering sex, maturity, and age group. METHODS: Forty-three swimmers (16 females, 14.4 ± 1...
January 8, 2018: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311764/effects-of-beetroot-juice-supplementation-on-intermittent-high-intensity-exercise-efforts
#18
REVIEW
Raúl Domínguez, José Luis Maté-Muñoz, Eduardo Cuenca, Pablo García-Fernández, Fernando Mata-Ordoñez, María Carmen Lozano-Estevan, Pablo Veiga-Herreros, Sandro Fernandes da Silva, Manuel Vicente Garnacho-Castaño
Beetroot juice contains high levels of inorganic nitrate (NO3-) and its intake has proved effective at increasing blood nitric oxide (NO) concentrations. Given the effects of NO in promoting vasodilation and blood flow with beneficial impacts on muscle contraction, several studies have detected an ergogenic effect of beetroot juice supplementation on exercise efforts with high oxidative energy metabolism demands. However, only a scarce yet growing number of investigations have sought to assess the effects of this supplement on performance at high-intensity exercise...
2018: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311763/the-acute-effects-of-a-multi-ingredient-pre-workout-supplement-on-resting-energy-expenditure-and-exercise-performance-in-recreationally-active-females
#19
Michael Cameron, Clayton L Camic, Scott Doberstein, Jacob L Erickson, Andrew R Jagim
Background: The use of dietary supplements to improve performance is becoming increasingly popular among athletes and fitness enthusiasts. Unfortunately, there is a tremendous lack of research being done regarding female athletes and the use of sport supplements. The purpose of this study was to examine the acute effects of multi-ingredient pre-workout supplement (MIPS) ingestion on resting metabolism and exercise performance in recreationally-active females. Methods: Fifteen recreationally-active females participated in a randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled study...
2018: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311671/home-exercise-training-improves-exercise-capacity-in-cirrhosis-patients-role-of-exercise-adherence
#20
Calvin Kruger, Margaret L McNeely, Robert J Bailey, Milad Yavari, Juan G Abraldes, Michelle Carbonneau, Kim Newnham, Vanessa DenHeyer, Mang Ma, Richard Thompson, Ian Paterson, Mark J Haykowsky, Puneeta Tandon
Cirrhosis patients have reduced peak aerobic power (peak VO2) that is associated with reduced survival. Supervised exercise training increases exercise tolerance. The effect of home-based exercise training (HET) in cirrhosis is unknown. The objective was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of 8 weeks of HET on peak VO2, 6-minute walk distance (6MWD), muscle mass, and quality of life in cirrhosis. Random assignment to 8 weeks of HET (moderate to high intensity cycling exercise, 3 days/week) or usual care. Exercise adherence defined as completing ≥80% training sessions...
January 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
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