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Complementary and alternative medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216951/a-qualitative-insight-on-complementary-and-alternative-medicines-used-by-hypertensive-patients
#1
Inas Rifaat Ibrahim, Mohamed Azmi Hassali, Fahad Saleem, Haydar F Al Tukmagi
BACKGROUND: The self-treatment with complementary and alternative medicines (CAMs) in chronic diseases is portraying an expanding trend worldwide. Yet, little is known concerning patients' motives to use CAM in the control of blood pressure. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to explore the self-use of CAM in the management of hypertension and explore patients' attitudes, perceived benefits, and disclosure to the physician. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A qualitative technique was adopted and face-to-face interviews, using a validated interview guide, were carried out among twenty hypertensive patients...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216948/averrhoa-bilimbi-linn-a-review-of-its-ethnomedicinal-uses-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology
#2
REVIEW
Alhassan Muhammad Alhassan, Qamar Uddin Ahmed
Averrhoa bilimbi Linn. is principally cultivated for medicinal purposes in many tropical and subtropical countries of the world. Literature survey about this plant shows that A. bilimbi is mainly used as a folk medicine in the treatment of diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and as an antimicrobial agent. The prime objective of this review is to accumulate and organize literature based on traditional claims and correlate those with current findings on the use of A. bilimbi in the management of different ailments...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216882/anticancer-potential-of-nutraceutical-formulations-in-mnu-induced-mammary-cancer-in-sprague-dawley-rats
#3
Gummalla Pitchaiah, Annapurna Akula, Vishala Chandi
BACKGROUND: Nutraceuticals help in combating some of the major health problems of the century including cancer, and 'nutraceutical formulations' have led to the new era of medicine and health. OBJECTIVE: To develop different nutraceutical formulations and to assess the anticancer potential of nutraceutical formulations in N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU)-induced mammary cancer in Sprague Dawley rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Different nutraceutical formulations were prepared using fine powders of amla, apple, garlic, onion, papaya, turmeric, and wheat grass with and without cow urine distillate...
January 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212560/use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-cam-in-cancer-patients-an-italian-multicenter-survey
#4
Massimiliano Berretta, Chiara Della Pepa, Paolo Tralongo, Alberto Fulvi, Ferdinando Martellotta, Arben Lleshi, Guglielmo Nasti, Rossella Fisichella, Carmela Romano, Chiara De Divitiis, Rosaria Taibi, Francesco Fiorica, Raffaele Di Francia, Anna Di Mari, Lino Del Pup, Anna Crispo, Paolo De Paoli, Adriano Santorelli, Vincenzo Quagliariello, Rosario Vincenzo Iaffaioli, Umberto Tirelli, Gaetano Facchini
INTRODUCTION: Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) include a wide range of products (herbs, vitamins, minerals, and probiotics) and medical practices, developed outside of the mainstream Western medicine. Patients with cancer are more likely to resort to CAM first or then in their disease history; the potential side effects as well as the costs of such practices are largely underestimated. PATIENTS AND METHOD: We conducted a descriptive survey in five Italian hospitals involving 468 patients with different malignancies...
December 25, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212381/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-for-the-treatment-of-bronchiolitis-in-infants-a-systematic-review
#5
Kok Pim Kua, Shaun Wen Huey Lee
BACKGROUND: Bronchiolitis is a common cause of hospitalization among infants. The limited effectiveness of conventional medication has prompted the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) as alternative or adjunctive therapy for the management of bronchiolitis. AIMS: To determine the effectiveness and safety of CAM for the treatment of bronchiolitis in infants aged less than 2 years. METHODS: A systematic electronic search was performed in Medline, Embase, CINAHL, AMED, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) from their respective inception to June 30, 2016 for studies evaluating CAM as an intervention to treat bronchiolitis in infants (1 month to 2 years of age)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209661/non-topical-management-of-recalcitrant-paediatric-atopic-dermatitis
#6
REVIEW
Jin Ho Chong, Mark Jean Aan Koh
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common chronic, pruritic skin disease in children. As the incidence of AD increases, especially in high-income countries, paediatricians may see an increasing number of recalcitrant AD cases in their practice. Although these cases are principally managed by paediatric dermatologists, it is important for paediatricians to be aware of the use and side effects of non-topical treatment like phototherapy and systemic agents as well as the evidence for alternative treatment, which caregivers may ask about...
February 16, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208654/a-protein-isolate-from-moringa-oleifera-leaves-has-hypoglycemic-and-antioxidant-effects-in-alloxan-induced-diabetic-mice
#7
Paulo C Paula, Daniele O B Sousa, Jose T A Oliveira, Ana F U Carvalho, Bella G T Alves, Mirella L Pereira, Davi F Farias, Martonio P Viana, Flavia A Santos, Talita C Morais, Ilka M Vasconcelos
Moringa oleifera has been used in traditional medicine to treat diabetes. However, few studies have been conducted to relate its antidiabetic properties to proteins. In this study, a leaf protein isolate was obtained from M. oleifera leaves, named Mo-LPI, and the hypoglycemic and antioxidant effects on alloxan-induced diabetic mice were assessed. Mo-LPI was obtained by aqueous extraction, ammonium sulphate precipitation and dialysis. The electrophoresis profile and proteolytic hydrolysis confirmed its protein nature...
February 11, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207415/attitudes-skill-and-use-of-evidence-based-practice-among-us-western-herbal-medicine-providers-a-national-survey
#8
James E Snow, Matthew J Leach, Bevin A Clare
Background Evidence-based practice (EBP) has been the focus of increasing attention in the teaching and delivery of both complementary and conventional healthcare. Western herbal medicine (WHM) is a system of complementary healthcare rooted in tradition. How WHM practitioners perceive, are prepared for, and use EBP, has to date been largely ignored. We therefore examined the use, opinion, skills, and training in EBP, and barriers and facilitators of EBP uptake, among herbal practitioners in the United States (US)...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205376/drug-drug-interactions-in-pediatric-oncology-patients
#9
T E Balk, I H van der Sijs, T van Gelder, J J B Janssen, I M van der Sluis, R W F van Leeuwen, F K Engels
BACKGROUND: Drug-drug interactions (DDIs) can negatively affect pharmacotherapy. However, pediatric DDI studies are scarce. We undertook an exploratory study to investigate prevalence and clinical relevance of DDIs between cytostatic and noncytostatic drugs in outpatient pediatric oncology patients. PROCEDURE: After informed consent and inclusion, the following information was collected: currently prescribed noncytostatic and cytostatic drugs, comorbidities, and use of over-the-counter (OTC) drugs, complementary and alternative medicines (CAMs), and dietary supplements...
February 16, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195546/naturopaths-in-ontario-canada-geographic-patterns-in-intermediately-sized-metropolitan-areas-and-integration-implications
#10
Stephen P Meyer
Evaluating conventional medicine (CM) and complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) with respect to integration opportunities (such as patient referrals and professional knowledge sharing) and possible geographic implications is novel. This research utilizes nearest neighbour and local spatial autocorrelation statistical analyses and surveys directed towards Doctors of Naturopathic Medicine (NDs) and their patients to better understand the geographic patterns of NDs and potential integration qualities. While the statistical tests reveal that the offices of NDs and Doctors of Medicine (MDs) display clustered patterns in intermediately-sized census metropolitan areas in Ontario and that the majority of NDs are near MDs, proximity is not manifesting in discernible integration tendencies between NDs and MDs...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178024/the-effects-of-curcuminoids-on-musculoskeletal-pain-a-systematic-review
#11
Andrew Gaffey, Helen Slater, Kylie Porritt, Jared M Campbell
BACKGROUND: Western countries are increasingly using complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) to assist with relieving ailments. Turmeric, from the ginger family Zingiberaceae, has a history of use for medicinal purposes. The polyphenols found in turmeric (curcuminoids) have demonstrated anti-inflammatory and pain relieving properties. With the use of CAMs increasing, it is important for the effectiveness of curcuminoids to be established. OBJECTIVES: To identify the effectiveness of the use of curcuminoids for the amelioration of musculoskeletal pain...
February 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170280/super-users-at-an-acupuncture-and-oriental-medicine-teaching-clinic-demographics-and-unique-clinical-characteristics
#12
Forrest Cooper, Benjamin L Marx, Tamsin L Lee, Deborah Espesete
OBJECTIVE: The use of acupuncture in the United States has consistently grown over the last two decades, and the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health has recently called for greater understanding of "real life outcomes and use" by complementary and alternative medicine users. This study assesses the demographics and utilization patterns of "super-users" treated at the Oregon College of Oriental Medicine intern clinic. METHODS: This was a retrospective chart review at the Oregon College of Oriental Medicine (OCOM) intern clinic, a large acupuncture and oriental medicine (AOM) school in Portland, Oregon...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163654/epistemic-cultures-in-complementary-medicine-knowledge-making-in-university-departments-of-osteopathy-and-chinese-medicine
#13
Caragh Brosnan
There is increasing pressure on complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) to follow the evidence-based approach promoted in allied health and medicine, in which the randomised control trial represents the evidence gold standard. However, many CAM advocates see these methods as undermining the holism of CAM practice. This paper explores how such tensions are managed in CAM university departments - settings in which particular forms of knowledge and evidence are given 'official' imprimatur by CAM educators and researchers...
May 3, 2016: Health Sociology Review: the Journal of the Health Section of the Australian Sociological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162362/-555-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-use-among-children-with-pain-in-the-united-states-patterns-predictors-and-perceived-benefits
#14
C Groenewald, S Beals-Erickson, J Ralston-Wilson, J Rabbitts, T Palermo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160765/the-use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-among-dialysis-patients
#15
Ronit Koren, Hadas Zafrir Danieli, Keren Doenyas-Barak, Tomer Ziv-Baran, Ahuva Golik
Context • The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has been on the rise in the last decade. Subpopulations of patients with chronic diseases are at risk for adverse events and potential drug-herb interactions, among them dialysis patients. Objective • The study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of CAM consumption among dialysis patients and to search for potential interactions. Design • The study was cross-sectional, based on questionnaires. Setting • The study occurred in the hemodialysis unit at Assaf Harofeh Medical Center (Zeriffin, Israel)...
January 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160764/vaccination-attitudes-and-practices-of-integrative-medicine-physicians
#16
Laura Jean Buehning, Kenneth Michael Peddecord
Context • The growth of Internet-based information and social networking has increased the accessibility and importance of antivaccine information. That information has led to a questioning of vaccination schedules and policies by many individuals. Although the attitudes of complementary and alternative practitioners, such as homeopaths and chiropractic students, toward vaccination have been assessed, despite the growth of integrative medicine, no assessment of the attitudes and practices regarding vaccination of these physicians has been performed...
January 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160763/the-use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-by-patients-undergoing-hemodialysis
#17
Özlem Ceyhan, Songul Göris, Nevin Dogan, Sevda Korkut Bayındır
Context • Hemodialysis (HD) is a frequently used method for the treatment of chronic renal failure. Patients show many symptoms and problems, depending on the success of HD and the disease. Today, one of the most commonly used methods, in addition to pharmacological treatments, for ensuring symptom control and reinforcing a patient's well-being is complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). Objectives • The study was conducted to determine the benefits of the use of CAM for patients undergoing HD. Design • The study was descriptive...
January 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156545/the-influence-of-spirituality-and-religiosity-on-the-personal-use-and-practice-patterns-with-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-cam-a-national-survey-of-us-oncologists
#18
Catherine Powers-James, Adriana L Alvarez, Kathrin Milbury, Francoise Adan, Gabriel Lopez, Lorenzo Cohen, Marvin Delgado-Guay, Olufunmilayo I Olopade, Farr A Curlin
: 248 Background: Although cancer patients frequently use CAM, it is uncertain how oncologists' spirituality and religiosity impact their decisions to use or recommend CAM with their patients. METHODS: A US probability sample of 1,000 ASCO members was contacted by mail and email to complete a survey regarding clinical approaches to herb and supplement (HS) use by cancer patients. RESULTS: Of 927 deliverable surveys, 423 surveys were returned for a response rate of 46%...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149068/knowledge-awareness-and-practices-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-for-oral-health-care-management-among-dental-students
#19
Ujwala Rohan Newadkar, Lalit Chaudhari, Yogita K Khalekar
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to assess the awareness and practices of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) for oral health-care management among dental students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 200 dental students of final year and internship selected by simple random sampling using a close-ended questionnaire. RESULTS: Among the total respondents, 52% were females and 48% were males. Nearly, 14% of the students were not aware of the different categories of the CAM and 12% of them were not aware of its implication in oral health-care management...
January 2017: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143878/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-in-asthma
#20
REVIEW
Charlotte M Kohn, Priyamvada Paudyal
Asthma is a chronic, inflammatory lung disease affecting around 235 million people worldwide. Conventional medications in asthma are not curative and patients have significant concerns regarding their side-effects. Consequently, many asthma patients turn to complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) for a more holistic approach to care. We systematically reviewed the available evidence on the effectiveness of CAM in the management of asthma in adults.We searched the MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, AMED and Cochrane databases for randomised controlled trials published in English between 1990 and 2016 investigating the effectiveness of oral or topical CAM in asthmatic adults...
January 2017: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
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