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Complementary and alternative medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913232/genotoxic-alkenylbenzene-flavourings-a-contribution-to-risk-assessment
#1
Célia Martins, José Rueff, António S Rodrigues
Alkenylbenzenes, such as estragole, myristicin and eugenol, are present is several flavourings, functional foods, plant food supplements (PFS) and in complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) including herbal medicines. The increase in consumption in functional foods observed worldwide requires a strict analysis of the scientific validity of their benefits and risk-benefit ratio associated with their intake. Some instances of acute toxicity have been reported associated with the use of herbal medicines and PFS, in particular because quality control is poor, and this poses a risk especially in internet marketed products...
June 15, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908571/aromatherapy-botanicals-and-essential-oils-in-acne
#2
Warren J Winkelman
Complementary and alternative medicine approaches are popular among some patient segments due to the perception that they are "natural" and thus are believed to be less likely to be dangerous, to be less toxic, or to cause fewer side effects. In dermatology, these can include aromatherapy, botanicals, and essential oils (plant extracts). Preliminary evidence, biological activity studies, and small pilot clinical trials conducted outside of North America, mostly in young adults, suggest that some may have value in acne treatment...
May 2018: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907100/demand-for-integrative-medicine-among-women-in-pregnancy-and-childbed-a-german-survey-on-patients-needs
#3
Nikolas Schürger, Evelyn Klein, Alexander Hapfelmeier, Marion Kiechle, Daniela Paepke
BACKGROUND: Although integrative medicine is gaining increasing attention and is claiming more and more its place in modern health care, it still plays a marginal role in conventional maternity care. The present study aims to examine the patterns of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) use and the demand for integrative therapies, including CAM, relaxation therapies, nutritional counseling, and psychological assistance, among women in pregnancy and childbed. METHODS: The survey was conducted from April 2017 to July 2017 by means of a pseudo-anonymous 38-item questionnaire at the Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technical University of Munich...
June 15, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906324/electroacupuncture-treatments-for-gut-motility-disorders
#4
REVIEW
J D Z Chen, M Ni, J Yin
Functional gastrointestinal (GI) diseases are common and there are patients who are refractory to medical therapies as not all treatments work in all patients. Consequently, a large number of patients with functional GI diseases use complementary and alternative medicine, such as acupuncture or electroacupuncture (EA). In this issue, Zheng et al. reported interesting results of a multi-center placebo-controlled clinical study on the use of EA for treating refractory functional dyspepsia; another study reported a multi-center clinical trial on EA for chronic functional constipation; Liang et al...
July 2018: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900809/perceived-benefits-of-using-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-by-race-ethnicity-among-midlife-and-older-adults-in-the-united-states
#5
Pamela Jo Johnson, Judy Jou, Todd H Rockwood, Dawn M Upchurch
OBJECTIVE: To describe, for a national sample of midlife and older adults, the types of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) used for health and wellness and the perceived benefits of CAM use by race/ethnicity. METHOD: Using data from the 2012 National Health Interview Survey, we ran multiple logistic regression models to estimate the odds of each perceived benefit among adults ages 50 and older. RESULTS: More than 38% of midlife and older adults used CAM in the past year...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895763/complementary-medicine-risks-to-infants-and-children
#6
Terry Polevoy
Complementary Alternative Medicine (CAM) that targets infants and children can place them at grave risk. Our plan is to review some of the major cases of CAM used by parents, and by unlicensed and even licensed health professionals. Complications from CAM are rarely the focus of regulatory bodies, or even the courts. Even regulated health professionals, who have profited by misrepresenting science-based evidence for treatment or prevention of disease, have been rarely sanctioned by their respective Boards or Colleges...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895242/biomedical-applications-of-lectins-from-traditional-chinese-medicine
#7
Senjam Sunil Singh, Tzi Bun Ng, Wayenbam Sobhachandra Singh, Robert Thangjam
Lectins are proteins or glycoproteins of non-immune origin which have at least one non-catalytic domain that bind reversibly to specific mono or oligosaccharides. Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) involves a broad range of medicinal practices sharing common concepts which have been developed in China and are based on a tradition of more than thousands of years. Plant materials which are commonly used in TCM as a complementary or alternative for Western medical treatments contain a considerable number of important lectins...
June 11, 2018: Current Protein & Peptide Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888609/evaluating-cancer-patients-expectations-and-barriers-toward-traditional-chinese-medicine-utilization-in-china-a-patient-support-group-based-cross-sectional-survey
#8
Lingyun Sun, Jun J Mao, Emily Vertosick, Christina Seluzicki, Yufei Yang
BACKGROUND: Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is widely used among Chinese cancer patients. However, little is known about Chinese patients' expectations and barriers toward using TCM for cancer. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey within a patient-support group, the Beijing Anti-Cancer Association. We measured the outcome, Chinese cancer survivors' expectations and barriers toward TCM utilization, using a modified version of ABCAM (Attitudes and Beliefs towards Complementary and Alternative Medicine), the ABTCM (Attitudes and Beliefs towards Traditional Chinese Medicine)...
June 1, 2018: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29879248/a-biologically-based-approach-to-acne-and-rosacea
#9
Penelope J Kallis, Alexandra Price, Jacquelyn R Dosal, Anna J Nichols, Jonette Keri
Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies are increasing in popularity in the field of dermatology. Natural products and holistic approaches are in high demand among patients and research has begun to support their roles in acne and rosacea pathophysiology. In this article, commonly utilized biologically based complementary and alternative therapies for acne and rosacea are reviewed from an evidence-based perspective. Therapies discussed include vitamin C, nicotinamide, zinc, tea tree oil, green tea, resveratrol, curcumin, feverfew, licorice, chamomile, polypodium leucotomos, and nutrition-based approaches...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29873802/complementary-alternative-and-integrative-treatment-for-substance-use-disorders
#10
Gail Van Kanegan, Julie Worley
Complementary alternative and integrative medicine (CAIM) modalities are increasingly sought after by patients with chronic health conditions such as substance use disorders (SUDs). Evidence suggests that CAIM interventions can improve symptoms commonly seen in patients with SUDs, such as stress, anxiety, depression, and pain. Mindfulness-based intervention (MBI), such as meditation, has proven effective for a variety of conditions, including SUDs. Other CAIM strategies, such as manipulative body practices and healing energy medicine techniques, are also showing some evidence of effectiveness...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870622/health-anxiety-mediates-the-connection-between-somatosensory-amplification-and-self-reported-food-sensitivity
#11
Linn M Elieson, Zsuzsanna Dömötör, Ferenc Köteles
Background and purpose: The frequency of self-reported food sensitivity (SFS) is increasing, and has a negative impact on the well-being and everyday functioning of the affected people. A considerable proportion of SFS cannot be medically explained. The lack of knowledge of its origin and treatment causes further stress in those affected. Purpose - This study aims to get a better understanding of the psychological background of the condition. Methods: A non-representative community sample (N=335; age: 35...
September 30, 2017: Ideggyógyászati Szemle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869813/reconceptualizing-pain-through-patient-centered-care-in-the-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-therapeutic-relationship
#12
Vinita Agarwal
AIMS: The study aim was to understand the patient description of the therapeutic relationship with their CAM provider in the context of pain self-management. BACKGROUND: Because pain is a subjective state, its assessment depends on patient perception of and response to pain. For nurses to provide empathetic and compassionate care, there is a need to explicate patient perceptions of the therapeutic relationship to (re)conceptualize models of patient-centered care...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29863949/epistemic-divides-and-ontological-confusions-the-psychology-of-vaccine-scepticism
#13
Matthew Browne
Vaccine scepticism is an increasingly important barrier to optimal coverage in developed countries. In this commentary, we make the case that negative attitudes towards vaccines reflect a broader and deeper set of beliefs about health and wellbeing. We suggest that this alternative worldview is influenced by ontological confusions (e.g. regarding purity, natural energy), and knowledge based on personal lived experience and trusted peers, rather than the positivist epistemological framework. Our view is supported by recent social-psychological research, including strong correlations of vaccine scepticism with adherence to complementary and alternative medicine, magical health beliefs, and conspiracy ideation...
June 4, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29862452/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-cam-information-and-support-needs-of-chinese-speaking-cancer-patients
#14
Lynda G Balneaves, M E Wong, A J Porcino, T L O Truant, S E Thorne, S T Wong
PURPOSE: Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is popular among Chinese-speaking cancer patients (CSCPs), but little research examines CAM use by Canadian CSCPs. The use of CAM is controversial because of potential interactions with conventional cancer treatments. The purpose of this study was to explore CSCPs' use of CAM, sources of CAM information, and decision support needs, as well as their experience of making CAM decisions. METHODS: A sequential, multi-method research design was used: a secondary data analysis of a CAM use survey conducted in a Western Canadian regional cancer agency followed by a qualitative interpretive description approach to inquiry using semi-structured interviews with CSPCs and support persons...
June 3, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859267/rationale-and-design-of-the-tele-exercise-and-multiple-sclerosis-teams-study-a-comparative-effectiveness-trial-between-a-clinic-and-home-based-telerehabilitation-intervention-for-adults-with-multiple-sclerosis-ms-living-in-the-deep-south
#15
James H Rimmer, Mohanraj Thirumalai, Hui-Ju Young, Dori Pekmezi, Tracy Tracy, Emily Riser, Tapan Mehta
Long-term exercise/rehabilitation is an integral component of the continual care for people with multiple sclerosis (MS). However, access to this care, which includes comprehensive exercise/rehabilitation services to people with MS, remains a significant challenge, especially in rural, low-income areas. Telerehabilitation, or what we refer to as teleexercise, can help fill service gaps for underserved MS populations in this region. This pragmatic, cluster randomized controlled effectiveness trial will compare a 12-week, 20 session complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) intervention composed of neurorehabilitative (functional) exercise, yoga and Pilates delivered at home, using pre-loaded tablets and Interactive Voice Response (IVR) system technology (TeleCAM), to the same intervention delivered in clinic by a therapist (DirectCAM)...
May 30, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29857884/shiatsu-as-an-adjuvant-therapy-for-depression-in-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-a-pilot-study
#16
Giuseppe Lanza, Stella Silvia Centonze, Gera Destro, Veronica Vella, Maria Bellomo, Manuela Pennisi, Rita Bella, Domenico Ciavardelli
OBJECTIVES: Among the complementary and alternative medicine, Shiatsu might represent a feasible option for depression in Alzheimer's disease (AD). We evaluated Shiatsu on mood, cognition, and functional independence in patients undergoing physical activity. DESIGN: Single-blind randomized controlled study. SETTING: Dedicated Community Center for patients with AD. INTERVENTIONS: AD patients with depression were randomly assigned to the "active group" (Shiatsu + physical activity) or the "control group" (physical activity alone)...
June 2018: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29851803/effect-of-laser-acupuncture-on-dry-eye-a-study-protocol-for-a-2-center-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Wen-Long Hu, Pei-Chang Wu, Li-Yen Pan, Hun-Ju Yu, Chih-Chin Pan, Yu-Chiang Hung
BACKGROUND: Dry eye is a common ophthalmologic disorder that causes ocular discomfort and has become a worldwide health concern. Patients with dry eye often turn to complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) because of unsatisfactory conventional treatments. Acupuncture is one of the most popular interventions of CAM used, and laser acupuncture (LA) is a noninvasive technique. METHODS: This protocol is a 2-center randomized controlled trial investigating the effect of laser acupuncture on dry eye...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29849731/clinical-efficacy-of-acupuncture-on-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-associated-mechanisms-a-systemic-review
#18
REVIEW
Pei-Chi Chou, Heng-Yi Chu
Objective: The objective of this review is to investigate the detailed existing scientific information about the clinical efficacy of acupuncture on rheumatoid arthritis (RA) conditions and to reveal the proposed mechanisms. Methods: We searched the PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane, AMED (Allied and Complementary Medicine), NCCAM (The National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine), and CNKI (China National Knowledge Infrastructure) databases to identify relevant monographs and related references from 1974 to 2018...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29849725/potential-of-mushroom-compounds-as-immunomodulators-in-cancer-immunotherapy-a-review
#19
REVIEW
Peter Amwoga Ayeka
Since time immemorial, plants and their compounds have been used in the treatment and management of various ailments. Currently, most of conventional drugs used for treatment of diseases are either directly or indirectly obtained from plant sources. The fungal group of plants is of significance, which not only provides food directly to man but also has been source of important drugs. For instance, commonly used antibiotics are derived from fungi. Fungi have also been utilized in the food industry, baking, and alcohol production...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29849602/the-use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-is-less-frequent-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-than-in-patients-with-other-chronic-gastrointestinal-disorders
#20
Anna Fábián, Mariann Rutka, Tamás Ferenci, Renáta Bor, Anita Bálint, Klaudia Farkas, Ágnes Milassin, Kata Szántó, Zsuzsanna Lénárt, Ferenc Nagy, Zoltán Szepes, Tamás Molnár
Background and Aims: Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is commonly used among patients with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), but evidence about its real-life use is limited. We aimed to assess and compare CAM use in outpatients with IBD and other gastrointestinal diseases. Materials and Methods: The use of herbs and botanicals, lifestyle modifications and mind/body therapies, patient satisfaction, and continuous use of conventional medicine were assessed with an anonymous questionnaire at a tertiary IBD unit in Hungary...
2018: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
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