keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Vestibular System

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156494/comparative-analysis-of-vestibular-ecomorphology-in-birds
#1
Roger B J Benson, Ethan Starmer-Jones, Roger A Close, Stig A Walsh
The bony labyrinth of vertebrates houses the semicircular canals. These sense rotational accelerations of the head and play an essential role in gaze stabilisation during locomotion. The sizes and shapes of the semicircular canals have hypothesised relationships to agility and locomotory modes in many groups, including birds, and a burgeoning palaeontological literature seeks to make ecological interpretations from the morphology of the labyrinth in extinct species. Rigorous tests of form-function relationships for the vestibular system are required to support these interpretations...
December 2017: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155208/inflammatory-renin-angiotensin-system-disruption-attenuates-sensory-hyperinnervation-and-mechanical-hypersensitivity-in-a-rat-model-of-provoked-vestibulodynia
#2
Anuradha Chakrabarty, Zhaohui Liao, Ying Mu, Peter G Smith
Vestibulodynia is characterized by peri-vaginal mechanical hypersensitivity, hyperinnervation, and abundant inflammatory cells expressing renin-angiotensin system proteins. We developed a tractable rat model of vestibulodynia to further assess the contributions of the renin-angiotensin system. Complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) injected into the posterior vestibule induced marked vestibular hypersensitivity throughout a 7-day test period. Numbers of axons immunoreactive for PGP9.5, calcitonin gene-related peptide, and GFRα2 were increased...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148914/marginal-gap-formation-in-approximal-bulk-fill-resin-composite-restorations-after-artificial-ageing
#3
A Peutzfeldt, S Mühlebach, A Lussi, S Flury
The aim of this in vitro study was to investigate the marginal gap formation of a packable "regular" resin composite (Filtek Supreme XTE [3M ESPE]) and two flowable "bulk fill" resin composites (Filtek Bulk Fill [3M ESPE] and SDR [DENTSPLY DeTrey]) along the approximal margins of Class II restorations. In each of 39 extracted human molars (n=13 per resin composite), mesial and distal Class II cavities were prepared, placing the gingival margins below the cemento-enamel junction. The cavities were restored with the adhesive system OptiBond FL (Kerr) and one of the three resin composites...
November 17, 2017: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141478/utility-of-quick-oculomotor-tests-for-screening-the-vestibular-system-in-the-subacute-and-chronic-populations
#4
Helen S Cohen, Jasmine Stitz, Haleh Sangi-Haghpeykar, Susan P Williams, Ajitkumar P Mulavara, Brian T Peters, Jacob J Bloomberg
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to determine the sensitivity and specificity of some widely used, easily administered clinical tests. BACKGROUND: Simple tests of oculomotor function have become widely used for clinical screening of patients suspected of having vestibular disorders despite a paucity of evidence showing good statistical support for their use in this highly variable population. METHODS: Healthy controls with no history of otologic or neurologic disorders (n = 291) were compared to patients with known vestibular disorders (n = 62)...
November 16, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135874/meni%C3%A3-re-and-friends-imaging-and-classification-of-hydropic-ear-disease
#5
Robert Gürkov
BACKGROUND: Over 75 years ago, endolymphatic hydrops was discovered as the pathologic correlate of Menière's disease. However, this pathologic finding could be ascertained only in postmortem histologic studies. Due to this diagnostic dilemma and the variable manifestation of the various audiovestibular symptoms, diagnostic classification systems based on clinical findings have been used hitherto. METHODS: A review of the literature of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of hydropic ear disease...
December 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135873/the-effect-of-peripheral-vestibular-recovery-on-improvements-in-vestibulo-ocular-reflexes-and-balance-control-after-acute-unilateral-peripheral-vestibular-loss
#6
John H J Allum, Alja Scheltinga, Flurin Honegger
BACKGROUND: Patients with an acute unilateral peripheral vestibular deficit (aUPVD), presumed to be caused by vestibular neuritis, show asymmetrical vestibular ocular reflexes (VORs) that improve over time. Questions arise regarding how much of the VOR improvement is due to peripheral recovery or central compensation, and whether differences in peripheral recovery influence balance control outcomes. METHODS: Thirty patients were examined at aUPVD onset and 3, 6, and 13 weeks later with four different VOR tests: caloric tests; rotating (ROT) chair tests performed in yaw with angular accelerations of 5 and 20 degrees/s; and video head impulse tests (vHIT) in the yaw plane...
December 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123498/vestibular-deficits-in-neurodegenerative-disorders-balance-dizziness-and-spatial-disorientation
#7
REVIEW
Thomas Cronin, Qadeer Arshad, Barry M Seemungal
The vestibular system consists of the peripheral vestibular organs in the inner ear and the associated extensive central nervous system projections-from the cerebellum and brainstem to the thalamic relays to cortical projections. This system is important for spatial orientation and balance, both of critical ecological importance, particularly for successful navigation in our environment. Balance disorders and spatial disorientation are common presenting features of neurodegenerative diseases; however, little is known regarding central vestibular processing in these diseases...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118202/bayesian-optimal-adaptation-explains-age-related-human-sensorimotor-changes
#8
Faisal Karmali, Gregory T Whitman, Richard F Lewis
The brain uses information from different sensory systems to guide motor behavior, and aging is associated with a simultaneous decline in the quality of sensory information provided to the brain and a deterioration in motor control. Correlations between age-dependent decline in sensory anatomical structures and behavior have been demonstrated, and it has recently been suggested that a Bayesian framework could explain these relationships. Here we show that age-dependent changes in a human sensorimotor reflex, the vestibulo-ocular reflex, are explained by a Bayesian optimal adaptation in the brain occurring in response to death of motion-sensing hair cells...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118200/vestibular-short-latency-evoked-potential-vsep-is-abolished-by-low-frequency-noise-exposure-in-rats
#9
Courtney Elaine Stewart, Ariane C Kanicki, Richard A Altschuler, W Michael King
The vestibular system plays a critical role in detection of head movements and is essential for normal postural control. Because of their anatomical proximity to the cochlea, the otolith organs are selectively exposed to sound pressure and are at risk for noise overstimulation. Clinical reports suggest a link between noise exposure and balance problems, but the structural and physiological basis for this linkage is not well understood. The goal of this study is to determine the effects of low frequency noise (LFN), on the otolith organs by correlating changes in vestibular short latency evoked potentials, (VsEPs), with changes in saccular afferent endings following noise exposure...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112981/adjustment-of-the-dynamic-weight-distribution-as-a-sensitive-parameter-for-diagnosis-of-postural-alteration-in-a-rodent-model-of-vestibular-deficit
#10
Brahim Tighilet, David Péricat, Alais Frelat, Yves Cazals, Guillaume Rastoldo, Florent Boyer, Olivier Dumas, Christian Chabbert
Vestibular disorders, by inducing significant posturo-locomotor and cognitive disorders, can significantly impair the most basic tasks of everyday life. Their precise diagnosis is essential to implement appropriate therapeutic countermeasures. Monitoring their evolution is also very important to validate or, on the contrary, to adapt the undertaken therapeutic actions. To date, the diagnosis methods of posturo-locomotor impairments are restricted to examinations that most often lack sensitivity and precision...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109683/two-mechanisms-of-sensorimotor-set-adaptation-to-inclined-stance
#11
Kyoung-Hyun Lee, Asheeba Baksh, Alyssa Bryant, Mollie McGowan, Ryan McMillan, Raymond K Chong
Orientation of posture relative to the environment depends on the contributions from the somatosensory, vestibular, and visual systems mixed in varying proportions to produce a sensorimotor set. Here, we probed the sensorimotor set composition using a postural adaptation task in which healthy adults stood on an inclined surface for 3 min. Upon returning to a horizontal surface, participants displayed a range of postural orientations - from an aftereffect that consisted of a large forward postural lean to an upright stance with little or no aftereffect...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100928/stochastic-resonance-in-the-human-vestibular-system-noise-induced-facilitation-of-vestibulospinal-reflexes
#12
M Wuehr, J C Boerner, C Pradhan, J Decker, K Jahn, T Brandt, R Schniepp
BACKGROUND: There is strong evidence that the presence of noise can enhance information processing in sensory systems via stochastic resonance (SR). OBJECTIVES: To examine the presence of SR in human vestibulospinal reflex function. METHODS: Healthy subjects were stimulated with 1 Hz sinusoidal GVS of varying amplitudes (0-1.9 mA). Coherence between GVS input and stimulation-induced motion responses was determined and psychometric function fits were subsequently used to determine individual vestibulospinal reflex thresholds...
October 31, 2017: Brain Stimulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095392/the-differential-diagnosis-of-vertigo-in-children-a-systematic-review-of-2726-cases
#13
Meghan Davitt, Michael T Delvecchio, Stephen C Aronoff
OBJECTIVES: Vertigo is a relatively common complaint in children with 5.3% of pediatric patients complaining of this symptom. Although the causes of vertigo have been well established in adults, the diagnoses in children have not been well described. The aims of this systematic review are to discover the current information regarding etiologies of vertigo in children and to determine the most common diagnoses that present with vertigo in pediatric patients. METHODS: PubMed, Scopus, and Embase were searched using the PRISMA guidelines...
October 31, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081426/bilateral-vestibulopathy-diagnostic-criteria-consensus-document-of-the-classification-committee-of-the-b%C3%A3-r%C3%A3-ny-society
#14
Michael Strupp, Ji-Soo Kim, Toshihisa Murofushi, Dominik Straumann, Joanna C Jen, Sally M Rosengren, Charles C Della Santina, Herman Kingma
This paper describes the diagnostic criteria for bilateral vestibulopathy (BVP) by the Classification Committee of the Bárány Society. The diagnosis of BVP is based on the patient history, bedside examination and laboratory evaluation. Bilateral vestibulopathy is a chronic vestibular syndrome which is characterized by unsteadiness when walking or standing, which worsen in darkness and/or on uneven ground, or during head motion. Additionally, patients may describe head or body movement-induced blurred vision or oscillopsia...
2017: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium & Orientation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079887/preoperative-determination-of-nerve-of-origin-in-patients-with%C3%A2-vestibular%C3%A2-schwannoma
#15
T Rahne, S Plößl, S K Plontke, C Strauss
BACKGROUND: Vestibular schwannoma (VS) is a benign tumor that develops in the internal auditory canal and the cerebellopontine angle, potentially diminishing hearing or balance. Most VS tumors arise from one of two vestibular branches: the superior or inferior vestibular nerve. Determining the specific nerve of origin could improve patient management in terms of preoperative counseling, treatment selection, and surgical decision-making and planning. The aim of this study was to introduce a novel scoring system that was designed to determine the nerve of origin...
October 27, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079459/effect-of-noisy-galvanic-vestibular-stimulation-on-center-of-pressure-sway-of-static-standing-posture
#16
Yasuto Inukai, Naofumi Otsuru, Mitsuhiro Masaki, Kei Saito, Shota Miyaguchi, Sho Kojima, Hideaki Onishi
BACKGROUND: The vestibular system is involved in the control of standing balance. Galvanic vestibular stimulation (GVS) is a noninvasive technique that can stimulate the vestibular system. In recent years, noisy GVS (nGVS) using noise current stimulation has been attempted, but it has not been clarified whether it affects postural sway in open-eye standing. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to clarify the influence of nGVS on the center of pressure (COP) sway measurement in open-eye standing postural control and identify the responders of nGVS...
October 17, 2017: Brain Stimulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073639/our-sense-of-direction-progress-controversies-and-challenges
#17
Kathleen E Cullen, Jeffrey S Taube
In this Perspective, we evaluate current progress in understanding how the brain encodes our sense of direction, within the context of parallel work focused on how early vestibular pathways encode self-motion. In particular, we discuss how these systems work together and provide evidence that they involve common mechanisms. We first consider the classic view of the head direction cell and results of recent experiments in rodents and primates indicating that inputs to these neurons encode multimodal information during self-motion, such as proprioceptive and motor efference copy signals, including gaze-related information...
October 26, 2017: Nature Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064869/vision-and-vestibular-system-dysfunction-predicts-prolonged-concussion-recovery-in-children
#18
Christina L Master, Stephen R Master, Douglas J Wiebe, Eileen P Storey, Julia E Lockyer, Olivia E Podolak, Matthew F Grady
OBJECTIVE: Up to one-third of children with concussion have prolonged symptoms lasting beyond 4 weeks. Vision and vestibular dysfunction is common after concussion. It is unknown whether such dysfunction predicts prolonged recovery. We sought to determine which vision or vestibular problems predict prolonged recovery in children. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort of pediatric patients with concussion. SETTING: A subspecialty pediatric concussion program...
October 20, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064829/cervical-kinematics-in-patients-with%C3%A2-vestibular-pathology-vs-patients-with%C3%A2-neck-pain-a-pilot-study
#19
Grace Williams, Hilla Sarig-Bahat, Katrina Williams, Ryan Tyrrell, Julia Treleaven
OBJECTIVE: Research has consistently shown cervical kinematic impairments in subjects with persistent neck pain (NP). It could be reasoned that those with vestibular pathology (VP) may also have altered kinematics since vestibular stimulation via head movement can cause dizziness and visual disturbances. However, this has not been examined to date. This pilot study investigated changes in cervical kinematics between asymptomatic control, NP and VP subjects using a Virtual Reality (VR) system...
2017: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium & Orientation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064828/differences-in-head-impulse-test-results-due-to-analysis-techniques
#20
Taylor W Cleworth, Mark G Carpenter, Flurin Honegger, John H J Allum
BACKGROUND: Different analysis techniques are used to define vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) gain between eye and head angular velocity during the video head impulse test (vHIT). Comparisons would aid selection of gain techniques best related to head impulse characteristics and promote standardisation. OBJECTIVE: Compare and contrast known methods of calculating vHIT VOR gain. METHODS: We examined lateral canal vHIT responses recorded from 20 patients twice within 13 weeks of acute unilateral peripheral vestibular deficit onset...
2017: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium & Orientation
keyword
keyword
22988
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"