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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053429/house-finch-haemorhous-mexicanus-associated-mycoplasma-gallisepticum-identified-in-lesser-goldfinch-spinus-psaltria-and-western-scrub-jay-aphelocoma-californica-using-strain-specific-quantitative-pcr
#1
Catherine R Allen, Arlind Mara, Edan R Tulman, David H Ley, Steven J Geary
In 1994 Mycoplasma gallisepticum was found to be the etiologic agent of House Finch (Haemorhous mexicanus) conjunctivitis, a rapidly expanding epidemic caused by a genetically discrete, House Finch-associated strain of M. gallisepticum (HFMG). While most prominent in House Finches, HFMG has been reported in other members of the family Fringillidae, including American Goldfinches (Spinus tristis), Purple Finches (Haemorhous purpureus), Pine Grosbeaks (Pinicola enucleator), and Evening Grosbeaks (Coccothraustes vespertinus)...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052604/effect-of-topical-loteprednol-etabonate-with-lid-hygiene-on-tear-cytokines-and-meibomian-gland-dysfunction-in-prosthetic-eye-wearers
#2
J S Ko, Y Seo, M K Chae, S Y Jang, J S Yoon
PurposeTo assess tear cytokine levels and clinical outcomes in meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) in the blind eye of patients wearing an ocular prosthesis after 2 months of treatment with topical loteprednol etabonate and eyelid scrubs with warm compresses.Patients and methodsThis study included patients with MGD wearing a unilateral ocular prosthesis for more than 1 year. All patients topically received 0.5% loteprednol etabonate and were instructed to scrub their eyelids with warm compresses on the prosthetic eye for 2 months...
October 20, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049259/the-association-between-tinea-pedis-and-feet-washing-behavior-in-patients-with-diabetes-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Kimie Takehara, Ayumi Amemiya, Yuko Mugita, Yuichiro Tsunemi, Yoko Seko, Yumiko Ohashi, Kohjiro Ueki, Takashi Kadowaki, Makoto Oe, Takashi Nagase, Mari Ikeda, Hiromi Sanada
OBJECTIVES: To examine the correlations between elements of feet-washing behavior, presence of tinea pedis (TP), and patients' background characteristics in order to identify a concrete intervention method to prevent TP. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: A cross-sectional study of 30 patients with diabetes (16 with TP) who were admitted to or visited the university hospital. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The presence of TP was confirmed by the detection of dermatophytes by direct microscopy...
November 2017: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047412/wetland-characteristics-linked-to-broad-scale-patterns-in-culiseta-melanura-abundance-and-eastern-equine-encephalitis-virus-infection
#4
Nicholas K Skaff, Philip M Armstrong, Theodore G Andreadis, Kendra S Cheruvelil
BACKGROUND: Eastern equine encephalitis virus (EEEV) is an expanding mosquito-borne threat to humans and domestic animal populations in the northeastern United States. Outbreaks of EEEV are challenging to predict due to spatial and temporal uncertainty in the abundance and viral infection of Cs. melanura, the principal enzootic vector. EEEV activity may be closely linked to wetlands because they provide essential habitat for mosquito vectors and avian reservoir hosts. However, wetlands are not homogeneous and can vary by vegetation, connectivity, size, and inundation patterns...
October 18, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046091/crossing-the-bridge-to-vats-lobectomy
#5
P Tcherveniakov, C Bogdan, N Chaudhuri
Introduction The impact of the introduction of video assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) on the management of lung cancer 20 years ago has been well documented. However, the uptake of VATS lobectomy in surgical practice worldwide has been slower than expected. We believe that this is partly due to a lack of consensus on how this procedure should be integrated into training programmes. We present our initial experience with a newly developed training model, which could help bridge the divide between open and VATS lobectomy...
October 19, 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043542/undergraduate-basic-surgical-skills-education-impact-on-attitudes-to-a-career-in-surgery-and-surgical-skills-acquisition
#6
P F McAnena, N O'Halloran, B M Moloney, D Courtney, R M Waldron, G Flaherty, M J Kerin
INTRODUCTION: Basic surgical skills modules in medical education are effective in teaching skills and increasing confidence among students approaching surgery. However, these modules are not delivered universally and their effect on the professional development of graduates has not been established. We aimed to assess the impact of a 10-week basic surgical skills module on attitudes and technical skills of first year medical students compared to interns. METHODS: Eighteen students participated and were assessed using a 4-part questionnaire...
October 17, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040658/fire-does-not-strongly-affect-genetic-diversity-or-structure-of-a-common-treefrog-in-the-endangered-florida-scrub
#7
J M Robertson, S W Fitzpatrick, B B Rothermel, L M Chan
Fire regimes influence natural populations of organisms in diverse ways, via direct effects on population dynamics as well as indirect effects on habitat and ecosystem processes. Although many amphibian species have evolved to persist in fire-dependent ecosystems, the effects of fire on the genetic diversity of amphibian populations remain relatively unexplored. We examined how different aspects of fire history relate to population genetic diversity and structure of an abundant anuran, Hyla femoralis, in a large, intact area of Florida scrub containing hundreds of seasonally inundated ponds...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Heredity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040319/habitat-selection-and-diurnal-refugia-of-gray-foxes-in-southwestern-georgia-usa
#8
Nicholas R Deuel, L Mike Conner, Karl V Miller, Michael J Chamberlain, Michael J Cherry, Larry V Tannenbaum
Understanding habitat selection of gray foxes (Urocyon cinereoargenteus) is essential to evaluate their potential response to changes in land use and predator communities. Few studies have evaluated temporal habitat selection or explicitly identified habitats used by gray foxes for diurnal refugia. We used GPS collars to obtain location data for 34 gray foxes (20 males and 14 females) from February 2014 to December 2015 to evaluate temporal (seasonal and diel) habitat selection and selection of diurnal refugia in southwestern Georgia, USA...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035712/process-integration-for-material-synthesis-from-a-deactivated-catalyst-studies-on-the-interaction-of-metal-ions-between-two-immiscible-phases
#9
D Mishra, K K Sahu, A Agrawal
Present investigation deals with the treatment of deactivated Co-Mn bromide catalyst for the recovery of Co and Mn as Co metal powder and chemical manganese dioxide by an integrated process comprising of a selective metal ion transfer from an aqueous solution containing a mixture of metal ions with a saponified solution of di-2ethyl-hexyl phosphoric acid, followed by selective scrubbing and metal stripping. The pure metal solutions so obtained were subjected to precipitation and hydrothermal treatment to obtain a desired material...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035626/performance-evaluation-of-poly-urethane-foam-packed-bed-chemical-scrubber-for-the-oxidative-absorption-of-nh3-and-h2s-gases
#10
Grace M Nisola, Kris Niño G Valdehuesa, Alex V Anonas, Kristine Rose M Ramos, Won-Keun Lee, Wook-Jin Chung
The feasibility of open-pore polyurethane (PU) foam as packing material for wet chemical scrubber was tested for NH3 and H2S removals. The foam is inexpensive, light-weight, highly porous (low pressure drop) and provides large surface area per unit volume, which are desirable properties for enhanced gas/liquid mass transfer. Conventional HCl/HOCl (for NH3) and NaOH/NaOCl (for H2S) scrubbing solutions were used to absorb and oxidize the gases. Assessment of the wet chemical scrubbers reveals that pH and ORP levels are important to maintain the gas removal efficiencies >95%...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030791/victoria-rawlings-gender-regulation-violence-and-social-hierarchies-in-school-sluts-gays-and-scrubs-london-palgrave-macmillan-2017-305-pp-isbn-978-1-137-52302-0
#11
Jacob Christenson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 14, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016300/relative-bradycardia-in-scrub-typhus
#12
Lae Young Jung, Mir Jeon, Seung Hee Choi, Joo-Hee Hwang, Chang-Seop Lee, Kyoung-Suk Rhee
To investigate the relationship between heart rate and temperature, we examined 493 febrile patients with documented disease. These patients were diagnosed serologically and analyzed retrospectively: 337 (68.4%) responded to fever with increased heart rate < 10 beats/minute/°C (relative bradycardia [RB]), and 156 patients had a heart rate response ≥ 10 beats/minute/°C (general heart rate increase [GHRI]). The RB group had a higher median resting heart rate and lower heart rate at maximum temperature than the GHRI group...
September 25, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988310/spatio-temporal-flowering-patterns-in-mediterranean-poaceae-a-community-study-in-sw-spain
#13
J Cebrino, J L García-Castaño, E Domínguez-Vilches, C Galán
This study focused on phenological timing and spatial patterns in 30 Poaceae species flowering in spring in different types of plant cover (scrub, riverbank and pasture). Grass community composition was studied, and the influence of species and plant cover on the start date and duration of flowering was assessed from March to June in both 2014 and 2015. Twenty-nine sampling sites were selected for phenological monitoring using the BBCH scale. Data were subjected to GLMM analyses. Binary discriminant analysis revealed differences in grass community composition as a function of plant cover type; scrub cover comprised a considerably larger number of species than those in riverbank and pasture...
October 7, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985875/safety-considerations-in-learning-new-procedures-a-survey-of-surgeons
#14
Todd A Jaffe, Steven J Hasday, Meghan Knol, Jason Pradarelli, Sudha R Pavuluri Quamme, Caprice C Greenberg, Justin B Dimick
BACKGROUND: There exists a tension between surgical innovation and safety. The learning curve associated with the introduction of new procedures/technologies has been associated with preventable patient harm. Surgeon's perceptions regarding the safety of methods for learning new procedures/technologies are largely uncharacterized. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey was designed to evaluate surgeons' perceptions related to learning new procedures/technologies. This included clinical vignettes across two domains: (1) experience with an operation (e...
October 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985768/immune-thrombocytopenia-with-multi-organ-dysfunction-syndrome-as-a-rare-presentation-of-scrub-typhus-a-case-report
#15
Abraham M Ittyachen, Saramma P Abraham, Smitha Krishnamoorthy, Anuroopa Vijayan, Jayamohan Kokkat
BACKGROUND: Scrub typhus is an acute infectious illness caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi. It is endemic to a part of the world known as the "tsutsugamushi triangle". Humans are accidental hosts in this zoonotic disease. About a third of patients admitted with scrub typhus have evidence of multi-organ dysfunction. Multi-organ dysfunction secondary to scrub typhus carries a high mortality rate. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a 65-year old lady who was admitted in a Tertiary Care Center in the state of Kerala in India, with 7 day history of fever, myalgia and reduced urine output...
October 6, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983739/removal-of-no-with-the-hexamminecobalt-solution-catalyzed-by-the-carbon-treated-with-oxalic-acid
#16
Xiang-Li Long, Hai-Xia Cao, Bei-Bei Duan, Ming-Lei Jia
NO can be removed at the same time with SO2 by aqueous Co(NH3)6(2+) solution. The reduction of Co(NH3)6(3+) to Co(NH3)6(2+) is catalyzed by activated carbon to regain the NO absorption ability of the scrubbing solution. Oxalic acid solution is explored to change the carbon surface to ameliorate its catalytic capability. The experimental results suggest that the best catalyst is prepared by impregnating the carbon sample in 0.7 mol l(-1) oxalic acid solution for 24 h followed by being activated at 600 °C for 5 h under nitrogen atmosphere...
October 6, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981880/new-record-of-the-scrub-typhus-vector-leptotrombidium-rubellum-in-southwest-china
#17
Pei Y Peng, Xian G Guo, Dao C Jin, Wen G Dong, Ti J Qian, Feng Qin, Zhi H Yang
There are several main vectors of scrub typhus in China, and Leptotrombidium rubellum Wang et Liao, 1984 is one of them, which was previously considered to be restricted to the coastal regions of Changle to Xiamen, Fujian province of east China. Ecological investigation of chigger mites in recent years demonstrated the presence of L. rubellum also in Yunnan province. Chigger mites were collected from 34 counties, in which 127,460 larval mites were collected from 14,381 small mammal hosts. A total of 277 species belonging to 26 genera and three subfamilies were identified...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979015/scrub-typhus-in-southern-districts-of-west-bengal
#18
Nilendu Sarma, Sayantani Chakraborty
Scrub typhus has been previously reported from north and eastern Indian states and areas such as Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Assam, Sikkim, and Darjeeling district of West Bengal. It has also been known to be endemic in some parts of South India (Eastern and Western Ghats). However, no cases have ever been reported from the southern districts of West Bengal. Here, we report five cases of scrub typhus from South 24 Parganas and Kolkata, two districts in the southern part of West Bengal, India.
September 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979009/scrub-typhus-an-emerging-threat
#19
Sayantani Chakraborty, Nilendu Sarma
Scrub typhus is caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi (formerly Rickettsia) and is transmitted to humans by an arthropod vector of the Trombiculidae family (Leptotrombidium deliense and L. akamushi). It is the most common re-emerging Rickettsial infection in India and many other South East Asian countries. In fact, scrub typhus is confined geographically to the Asia Pacific region, a billion people are at risk and nearly a million cases are reported every year. Scrub typhus appears particularly to be distributed in the tsutsugamushi triangle which is distributed over a very wide area of 13 million km(2) bound by Japan in the east, through China, the Philippines, tropical Australia in the south, and west through India, Pakistan, possibly to Tibet to Afghanistan, and southern parts of the USSR in the north...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978319/acute-undifferentiated-fever-in-india-a-multicentre-study-of-aetiology-and-diagnostic-accuracy
#20
Kristine Mørch, Anand Manoharan, Sara Chandy, Novin Chacko, Gerardo Alvarez-Uria, Suvarna Patil, Anil Henry, Joel Nesaraj, Cijoy Kuriakose, Ashita Singh, Siby Kurian, Christel Gill Haanshuus, Nina Langeland, Bjørn Blomberg, George Vasanthan Antony, Dilip Mathai
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study were to determine the proportion of malaria, bacteraemia, scrub typhus, leptospirosis, chikungunya and dengue among hospitalized patients with acute undifferentiated fever in India, and to describe the performance of standard diagnostic methods. METHODS: During April 2011-November 2012, 1564 patients aged ≥5 years with febrile illness for 2-14 days were consecutively included in an observational study at seven community hospitals in six states in India...
October 4, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
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