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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636458/contamination-of-firefighter-personal-protective-equipment-and-skin-and-the-effectiveness-of-decontamination-procedures
#1
Kenneth W Fent, Barbara Alexander, Jennifer Roberts, Shirley Robertson, Christine Toennis, Deborah Sammons, Stephen Bertke, Steve Kerber, Denise Smith, Gavin Horn
Firefighters' skin may be exposed to chemicals via permeation/penetration of combustion byproducts through or around personal protective equipment (PPE) or from the cross-transfer of contaminants on PPE to the skin. Additionally, volatile contaminants can evaporate from PPE following a response and be inhaled by firefighters. Using polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) as respective markers for non-volatile and volatile substances, we investigated the contamination of firefighters' turnout gear and skin following controlled residential fire responses...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633004/field-evaluations-of-newly-available-interference-free-monitors-for-nitrogen-dioxide-no2-and-ozone-o3-at-near-road-and-conventional-naaqs-compliance-sites
#2
Alan R Leston, Will M Ollison
Long standing measurement techniques for determining ground-level ozone (O3) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) are known to be biased by interfering compounds that result in overestimates of high O3 and NO2 ambient concentrations under conducive conditions. An increasing near-ground O3 gradient (NGOG) with increasing height above ground level is also known to exist. Both the interference bias and NGOG were investigated by comparing data from a conventional Federal Equivalent Method (FEM) O3 photometer and an identical monitor upgraded with an "interference-free" nitric oxide O3 scrubber which alternatively sampled at 2 meter and 6...
June 20, 2017: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624041/effects-of-replacing-saline-solution-during-surgery-for-colon-cancer-in-korea
#3
Eun Mi Ham, Sul Hee Lee
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infections are often linked to contamination of saline solution by the patient's organs, doctors' and nurses' hands, or surgical instruments. Scrub nurses also use the saline solution to soften sutures or moisturize gauze. Therefore, we performed a randomized study of Korean clean-contaminated surgeries for colon cancer to evaluate whether replacing saline solution affected the level of contamination. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the control group (n = 26), normal saline was not replaced during surgery...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616173/modeling-connectivity-to-identify-current-and-future-anthropogenic-barriers-to-movement-of-large-carnivores-a-case-study-in-the-american-southwest
#4
Meredith L McClure, Brett G Dickson, Kerry L Nicholson
This study sought to identify critical areas for puma (Puma concolor) movement across the state of Arizona in the American Southwest and to identify those most likely to be impacted by current and future human land uses, particularly expanding urban development and associated increases in traffic volume. Human populations in this region are expanding rapidly, with the potential for urban centers and busy roads to increasingly act as barriers to demographic and genetic connectivity of large-bodied, wide-ranging carnivores such as pumas, whose long-distance movements are likely to bring them into contact with human land uses and whose low tolerance both for and from humans may put them at risk unless opportunities for safe passage through or around human-modified landscapes are present...
June 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614973/comparison-of-an-alcohol-based-hand-sanitation-product-with-a-traditional-chlorhexidine-hand-scrub-technique-for-hand-hygiene-preparation-in-an-equine-hospital
#5
R A Edwards, C B Riley, L Howe, E A Burrows, K T Riley, L Frellstedt
AIMS: To investigate the efficacy of an alcohol gel-based hand antisepsis protocol compared with a traditional chlorhexidine-based protocol under conditions of routine clinical contamination, and following heavy faecal contamination. METHODS: Twelve adult participants were recruited and on four separate days completed a hand sanitation protocol using a chlorhexidine scrub or an alcohol-based gel, with hands that were grossly clean but contaminated or with faecal contamination...
June 14, 2017: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612320/scrub-typhus-causing-neonatal-hepatitis-with-acute-liver-failure-a-case-series
#6
Shailja Vajpayee, R K Gupta, M L Gupta
Neonatal hepatitis with acute liver failure due to varied etiology including various infections is reported in the past. Scrub typhus as a cause of neonatal hepatitis has rarely been reported in literature. A high index of clinical suspicion is required for early diagnosis and timely treatment. Severity and prognosis of the disease varies widely because several different strains of Orientia tsutsugamushi exist with different virulence. Delayed diagnosis can result in complication and significant morbidity and mortality...
June 14, 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612030/effect-of-gamma-rays-on-sophora-davidii-and-detection-of-dna-polymorphism-through-issr-marker
#7
Puchang Wang, Yu Zhang, Lili Zhao, Bentian Mo, Tianqiong Luo
Sophora davidii (Franch.) Kom. ex Pavol is an important medicinal plant and a feeding scrub with ecological value. The effects of different gamma irradiation doses (20-140 Kr) on seed germination and seedling morphology were investigated in S. davidii, and intersimple sequence repeat (ISSR) markers were used to identify the DNA polymorphism among mutants. Significant variations were observed for seed germination, stem diameter, and number of branches per plant. The improved agronomic traits, such as stem diameter and number of branches per plant, were recorded at 80 Kr dose and 20 Kr dose for seed germination...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609968/-i-hersilia-i-i-aadi-i-pravalikha-srinivasulu-amp-srinivasulu-2014-a-junior-synonym-of-i-hersilia-savignyi-i-lucas-1836-araneae-hersiliidae
#8
John T D Caleb, G B Pravalikha, Benaiah Ebenezer Johnson, Mitemlu Manyu, Soreiphy Mungkung, Manu Thomas Mathai
The genus Hersilia was established by Audouin in 1826 with H. caudata Audouin, 1826 as the type species. It is the most speciose hersiliid genus presently comprising 79 described species worldwide (World Spider Catalog 2017, version 18). There are seven species known from India: H. aadi Pravalikha, Srinivasulu & Srinivasulu, 2014, H. longivulva Sen et al., 2010, H. orvakalensis Javed et al., 2010, H. savignyi Lucas, 1836, H. striata Wang & Yin, 1985, H. sumatrana (Thorell, 1890), H. tibialis Baehr & Baehr, 1993...
April 18, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609920/-i-prionotropis-i-i-ancosae-i-a-new-species-of-thrinchinae-orthoptera-pamphagidae-from-the-northeast-of-the-iberian-peninsula
#9
Josep Maria Olmo-Vidal
A new species of the genus Prionotropis Fieber, 1853 is described from Catalonia (Northeast of the Iberian Peninsula). Prionotropis ancosae n. sp. was collected in a calcicolous stepic scrub dominated mainly by thyme (Thymus vulgaris). P. ancosae n. sp. is characterized by the following characters: the pronotum in dorsal view narrow and in lateral view with the principal transverse sulcus between prozona and metazona clearly incised; mesosternal lobes equal width than long and width than mesosternal interspace; tegmina extend at most to the end of second abdominal segment in the females and the end of abdomen in the males; inside hind femora at the base to the middle part and inside hind tibiae blue; and phallic complex with the penis valves long...
April 28, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607239/scrub-typhus-in-bhutan-a-synthesis-of-data-from-2009-to-2014
#10
REVIEW
Tshokey Tshokey, Tashi Choden, Ragunath Sharma
Scrub typhus is an acute, febrile illness, caused by the bacterium Orientia tsutsugamushi, that affects millions annually in the endemic Asia-Pacific region. In untreated cases, the case-fatality rates range from 6% to 35%. In Bhutan, there was a probable outbreak in Gedu in 2009, which resulted in heightened awareness of the disease. Nevertheless, information on scrub typhus in Bhutan is limited and scattered and the epidemiology has yet to be established. To report the current picture of scrub typhus in Bhutan, this review gathered data from scholarly databases, surveillance reports, the Annual health bulletin, research publications and laboratory test reports from hospitals...
September 2016: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604564/acute-cerebellitis-in-a-child-with-scrub-typhus
#11
Siyaram Didel, Aseem Basha M, Manisha Biswal, Renu Suthar, Naveen Sankhyan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601091/an-elisa-assay-using-a-combination-of-recombinant-proteins-from-multiple-strains-of-orientia-tsutsugamushi-offers-an-accurate-diagnosis-for-scrub-typhus
#12
Chien-Chung Chao, Zhiwen Zhang, Tatyana Belinskaya, Wilawan Thipmontree, Wiwit Tantibhedyangkul, Saowaluk Silpasakorn, Ekkarat Wongsawat, Yupin Suputtamongkol, Wei-Mei Ching
BACKGROUND: Scrub typhus (ST) is a disease caused by an obligate intracellular bacterium, Orientia tsutsugamushi, an organism that requires a BSL3 laboratory for propagation. The disease is hallmarked by an eschar at the site of the chigger bite, followed by the development of fever, malaise, myalgia, anorexia, and papulomacular rash. Indirect immunofluorescent assay (IFA) is the gold standard for scrub typhus diagnosis, however, the subjectivity of the assay, the need for a specialized laboratory and instruments has limited the wide use of the test in resource limited areas...
June 10, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599898/a-randomized-open-label-controlled-trial-of-chlorhexidine-alcohol-versus-povidone-iodine-for-cesarean-antisepsis-the-capica-trial
#13
Edward H Springel, Xiao-Yu Wang, Vanessa M Sarfoh, Bradley P Stetzer, Steven A Weight, Brian M Mercer
BACKGROUND: Identification of optimal surgical site antisepsis preparations may reduce cesarean-related surgical site infections. Two recently published investigations examined efficacy of chlorhexidine-alcohol and iodine-alcohol preparations. No previous randomized controlled trial has compared chlorhexidine-alcohol to povidone-iodine aqueous scrub and paint in reduction of cesarean-related surgical site infection. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to determine if chlorhexidine-alcohol would result in less surgical site infections than povidone-iodine when used as skin antisepsis preparation prior to cesarean delivery...
June 6, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591661/characterisation-of-plastic-microbeads-in-facial-scrubs-and-their-estimated-emissions-in-mainland-china
#14
Pui Kwan Cheung, Lincoln Fok
Plastic microbeads are often added to personal care and cosmetic products (PCCPs) as an abrasive agent in exfoliants. These beads have been reported to contaminate the aquatic environment and are sufficiently small to be readily ingested by aquatic organisms. Plastic microbeads can be directly released into the aquatic environment with domestic sewage if no sewage treatment is provided, and they can also escape from wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) because of incomplete removal. However, the emissions of microbeads from these two sources have never been estimated for China, and no regulation has been imposed on the use of plastic microbeads in PCCPs...
May 27, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584437/severe-pediatric-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-due-to-scrub-typhus-successful-ventilation-with-airway-pressure-release-ventilation-mode-after-becoming-refractory-to-protective-ventilation
#15
Sudha Chandelia, Sarika Jain
Scrub typhus can affect lungs from mild illness like pneumonitis to a severe illness like acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Such patients may be very challenging to treat when their hypoxemia becomes severe and refractory to treatment. Main treatment is supportive in terms of mechanical ventilation. In adult ARDS, low tidal volume (TV) ventilation has been recommended, but there is no consensus on most effective ventilation mode in children. We present a case of a 12-year-old girl who developed severe ARDS (PO2/FiO2 ratio - 58), refractory to low TV ventilation...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581066/the-pregnant-urologist
#16
Susan Jane Hall, Simon Williams
The latest statistics show that females constitute 15% of UK Urology consultants and 30% of Urology trainees. This number is set to rise with females accounting for 60% of recent medical school intakes (1). Having young female trainees will result in a larger number of trainees working during pregnancy. Furthermore Urology as a specialty involves potential risks to the developing foetus and mother from both ionising radiation in theatre and from exposure to the potentially harmful 5 α reductase inhibitors, Povidone-iodine surgical scrub, cytotoxic chemicals such as Mitomycin, along with long working hours and on call duties...
June 5, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579070/improving-teamwork-evaluating-workload-of-surgical-team-during-robot-assisted-surgery
#17
Lora A Cavuoto, Ahmed A Hussein, Vivek Vasan, Youssef Ahmed, Ayesha Durrani, Saira Khan, Adam Cole, Derek Wang, Justen Kozlowski, Basim Ahmad, Khurshid A Guru
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the cognitive and physical workload experienced by each operating room team member for different types of urological procedures. METHODS: Surgeons, anesthesiologists, surgical fellows, bedside assistants, circulating nurses and scrub nurses completed the NASA Task Load Index (NASA-TLX) questionnaire for various urological RAS procedures. A total of 338 questionnaires from 55 unique individuals were collected. Workload differences by role, type of procedure, and surgery duration were analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) for each of the six domains of NASA-TLX...
June 1, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576339/the-toxicity-and-the-acaricidal-mechanism-against-psoroptes-cuniculi-of-the-methanol-extract-of-adonis-coerulea-maxim
#18
Xiaofei Shang, Xiao Guo, Feng Yang, Bing Li, Hu Pan, Xiaolou Miao, Jiyu Zhang
SCOPE: Adonis coerulea Maxim. is a perennial herbaceous plant that grows in scrub, grassy slope areas, and as traditional medicine it has been used to treat animal acariasis for thousands of years. In this paper, we aimed to study the acute toxicity and cytotoxicity of the methanol extract of A. coerulea (MEAC) in vivo and in vitro for supporting the clinic uses. The acaricidal activity and the mechanism of action against Psoroptes cuniculi were investigated. RESULTS: The results showed that isoorientin, luteolin and apigenin were the primary compounds in MEAC...
June 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575168/naked-surgeons-the-debate-about-what-to-wear-in-the-o-r
#19
Matthew Bartek, Francys Verdial, E Patchen Dellinger
There has been recent controversy regarding recommendations and regulations concerning operating room attire. We performed a non-systematic literature search regarding operating room attire and surgical site infection risk. Much of the literature relies on air sampling and culture of operating room equipment but does not present evidence regarding effect on surgical site infection risk. There is no evidence regarding surgical site infection risk related to operating room attire except for sterile gowns and the use of gloves...
May 29, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574957/-attention-everyone-time-out-safety-attitudes-and-checklist-practices-in-anesthesiology-in-germany-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Christopher Neuhaus, Aline Spies, Henryk Wilk, Markus A Weigand, Christoph Lichtenstern
BACKGROUND: The use of perioperative checklists has generated a growing body of evidence pointing toward reduction of mortality and morbidity, improved compliance with guidelines, reduction of adverse events, and improvements in human factor-related areas. Usual quality management metrics generally fall short in assessing compliance with their perioperative application. Our study assessed application attitudes and compliance with safety measures centered around the World Health Organization (WHO) "Safe Surgery Saves Lives" campaign as perceived by anesthesia professionals in Germany...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
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