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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550809/the-impact-of-childhood-overweight-and-obesity-on-healthcare-utilisation
#1
Edel Doherty, Michelle Queally, John Cullinan, Paddy Gillespie
Rising levels of childhood overweight and obesity represent a major global public health challenge. A number of studies have explored the association between childhood overweight and obesity and healthcare utilisation and costs. This paper adds to the literature by estimating the causal effect of child overweight and obesity status on use of general practitioner (GP) and hospital inpatient stays at two time points using instrumental variable (IV) methods The paper uses data from two waves of the Growing Up in Ireland survey of children when they are 9 and 13 years respectively and uses the biological mother's body mass index (BMI) as an instrument for the child's BMI...
May 12, 2017: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550766/gender-differences-in-quality-of-life-and-functional-disability-for-depression-outpatients-with-or-without-residual-symptoms-after-acute-phase-treatment-in-china
#2
Na Zhao, Xiaohong Wang, Wenyuan Wu, Yongdong Hu, Yajuan Niu, Xueyi Wang, Chengge Gao, Ning Zhang, Yiru Fang, Jizhong Huang, Tiebang Liu, Fujun Jia, Xuequan Zhu, Jian Hu, Gang Wang
BACKGROUND: Depression is associated with substantial personal suffering and reduced quality of life and functioning. The aim of this study was to investigate gender differences on quality of life and functional impairment of outpatients with depression after acute phase treatment. METHODS: 1503 depression outpatients were recruited from eleven hospitals in China. Subjects were evaluated with sociodemographic characteristics, history and self-report instruments, related to severity of symptoms, function and quality of life...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550647/genetic-variation-in-the-adipoq-gene-adiponectin-concentrations-and-risk-of-colorectal-cancer-a-mendelian-randomization-analysis-using-data-from-three-large-cohort-studies
#3
Katharina Nimptsch, Mingyang Song, Krasimira Aleksandrova, Michail Katsoulis, Heinz Freisling, Mazda Jenab, Marc J Gunter, Konstantinos K Tsilidis, Elisabete Weiderpass, H Bas Bueno-De-Mesquita, Dawn Q Chong, Majken K Jensen, Chunsen Wu, Kim Overvad, Tilman Kühn, Myrto Barrdahl, Olle Melander, Karin Jirström, Petra H Peeters, Sabina Sieri, Salvatore Panico, Amanda J Cross, Elio Riboli, Bethany Van Guelpen, Robin Myte, José María Huerta, Miguel Rodriguez-Barranco, José Ramón Quirós, Miren Dorronsoro, Anne Tjønneland, Anja Olsen, Ruth Travis, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Franck Carbonnel, Gianluca Severi, Catalina Bonet, Domenico Palli, Jürgen Janke, Young-Ae Lee, Heiner Boeing, Edward L Giovannucci, Shuji Ogino, Charles S Fuchs, Eric Rimm, Kana Wu, Andrew T Chan, Tobias Pischon
Higher levels of circulating adiponectin have been related to lower risk of colorectal cancer in several prospective cohort studies, but it remains unclear whether this association may be causal. We aimed to improve causal inference in a Mendelian Randomization meta-analysis using nested case-control studies of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC, 623 cases, 623 matched controls), the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (HPFS, 231 cases, 230 controls) and the Nurses' Health Study (NHS, 399 cases, 774 controls) with available data on pre-diagnostic adiponectin concentrations and selected single nucleotide polymorphisms in the ADIPOQ gene...
May 26, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550505/neuro-oncology-family-caregivers-view-on-keeping-track-of-care-issues-using-ehealth-systems-it-s-a-question-of-time
#4
Florien W Boele, Cornelia F van Uden-Kraan, Karen Hilverda, Jason Weimer, Heidi S Donovan, Jan Drappatz, Frank S Lieberman, Irma Verdonck-de Leeuw, Paula R Sherwood
Primary brain tumors (PBTs) are rare but have a great impact on both patient and family caregiver wellbeing. Supporting caregivers can help them to continue their caregiving activities to maintain the patients' best possible level of quality of life. Efforts to improve PBT caregiver wellbeing should take into account country- or culture-specific differences in care issues and supportive care needs to serve larger caregiver groups. We aimed to explore PBT caregivers' satisfaction with the current supportive care provision, as well as their thoughts on monitoring their care issues with both paper-based and digital instruments...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550499/systematic-review-of-fmri-compatible-devices-design-and-testing-criteria
#5
REVIEW
V Hartwig, N Carbonaro, A Tognetti, N Vanello
Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) is at present one of the most used methodologies for functional brain exploration, both in clinical and research settings. fMRI can noninvasively measure neural activity by using specific experimental paradigms. Often, these paradigms require the stimulation of the subject to perform sensorimotor tasks: in the past, the stimuli have been administered manually for investigating fundamental aspects of tactile perception and somatosensory processing. Nowadays, the use of mechatronic devices to stimulate the subject during fMRI studies is growing, also to assure reproducibility, control, and monitoring of task performances...
May 26, 2017: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550423/tactile-feedback-is-an-effective-instrument-for-the-training-of-grasping-with-a-prosthesis-at-low-and-medium-force-levels
#6
Alessandro Marco De Nunzio, Strahinja Dosen, Sabrina Lemling, Marko Markovic, Meike Annika Schweisfurth, Nan Ge, Bernhard Graimann, Deborah Falla, Dario Farina
Grasping is a complex task routinely performed in an anticipatory (feedforward) manner, where sensory feedback is responsible for learning and updating the internal model of grasp dynamics. This study aims at evaluating whether providing a proportional tactile force feedback during the myoelectric control of a prosthesis facilitates learning a stable internal model of the prosthesis force control. Ten able-bodied subjects controlled a sensorized myoelectric prosthesis performing four blocks of consecutive grasps at three levels of target force (30, 50, and 70%), repeatedly closing the fully opened hand...
May 26, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550117/comparative-exploration-of-multidimensional-flow-cytometry-software-a-model-approach-evaluating-t-cell-polyfunctional-behavior
#7
Timothy T Spear, Michael I Nishimura, Patricia E Simms
Advancement in flow cytometry reagents and instrumentation has allowed for simultaneous analysis of large numbers of lineage/functional immune cell markers. Highly complex datasets generated by polychromatic flow cytometry require proper analytical software to answer investigators' questions. A problem among many investigators and flow cytometry Shared Resource Laboratories (SRLs), including our own, is a lack of access to a flow cytometry-knowledgeable bioinformatics team, making it difficult to learn and choose appropriate analysis tool(s)...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550020/translation-adaptation-and-validation-of-two-versions-of-the-chronic-liver-disease-questionnaire-in-malaysian-patients-for-speakers-of-both-english-and-malay-languages-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Shasha Khairullah, Sanjiv Mahadeva
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to adapt, translate and validate the Chronic Liver Disease Questionnaire (CLDQ) in Malaysian patients with chronic liver diseases of various aetiologies. SETTING: Tertiary level teaching institution in Malaysia. PARTICIPANTS: The validation process involved 211 adult patients (English language n=101, Malay language n=110) with chronic liver disease. Characteristics of the study subjects were as follows: mean (SD) age was 56 (12...
May 25, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550007/associations-between-maternal-depressive-symptoms-and-nonresponsive-feeding-styles-and-practices-in-mothers-of-young-children-a-systematic-review
#9
Ana Cristina Lindsay, Tatiana Mesa, Mary L Greaney, Sherrie F Wallington, Julie A Wright
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is a significant global public health problem due to increasing rates worldwide. Growing evidence suggests that nonresponsive parental feeding styles and practices are important influences on children's eating behaviors and weight status, especially during early childhood. Therefore, understanding parental factors that may influence nonresponsive parental feeding styles and practices is significant for the development of interventions to prevent childhood obesity...
May 26, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549839/vitamin-b12-deficiency-might-be-related-to-sarcopenia-in-older-adults
#10
Esra Ates Bulut, Pinar Soysal, Ali Ekrem Aydin, Ozge Dokuzlar, Suleyman Emre Kocyigit, Ahmet Turan Isik
Sarcopenia and dynapenia are related to repeated falls, mobility restriction, depression, frailty, increased mortality and morbidity. The aim of this study is to evaluate the relationship between vitamin B12 deficiency and sarcopenia in older adults. 403 patients, who attended to outpatient clinic and underwent comprehensive geriatric assessment, were included study. All cases' skeletal muscle mass (SMM), walking speed and hand grip strength were recorded by bioimpedance, 4meter walking test and hand dynamometer respectively...
May 23, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549780/patient-specific-pointer-tool-for-corrective-osteotomy-quality-of-symmetry-based-planning-and-case-study-of-ulnar-reconstruction-surgery
#11
Samuel Mueller, Lueder A Kahrs, Johannes Gaa, Tobias Ortmaier, Jan-Dierk Clausen, Christian Krettek
Malunion after forearm fractures are described to appear in 2% to 10% of cases. Reconstructive surgeries ensure adequate anatomical repositioning. Their importance derives from the fact that malunion can often lead to severe pain as well as deformities causing loss of function and aesthetic issues not only in the forearm, but also the wrist and elbow joint. In this paper a clinical case will be presented using a Patient Specific Instrument (PSI) as navigational aid for reconstructive surgery after malunion of a proximal ulnar fracture combined with allograft surgery of the radial head and radial condyle due to chronic traumatic radial head luxation (Monteggia fracture)...
May 11, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549647/pavlovian-influences-on-learning-differ-between-rats-and-mice-in-a-counter-balanced-go-nogo-judgement-bias-task
#12
Samantha Jones, Elizabeth S Paul, Peter Dayan, Emma S J Robinson, Michael Mendl
Judgement bias tests of animal affect and hence welfare assume that the animal's responses to ambiguous stimuli, which may herald positive or negative outcomes, are under instrumental control and reflect 'optimism' or 'pessimism' about what will happen. However, Pavlovian control favours responses (e.g. approach or withdrawal) according to the valence associated with a stimulus, rather than the anticipated response outcomes. Typically, positive contexts promote action and approach whilst negative contexts promote inhibition or withdrawal...
May 23, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549600/novel-instrumented-probe-for-measuring-3d-pressure-distribution-along-the-vaginal-canal
#13
Licia P Cacciari, Anice C Pássaro, Amanda C Amorim, Manfred Geuder, Isabel C N Sacco
We developed an intravaginal instrumented probe (covered with a 10×10 matrix of capacitive sensors) for assessing the three-dimensional (3D) spatiotemporal pressure profile of the vaginal canal. The pressure profile was compared to the pelvic floor (PF) digital assessment, and the reliability of the instrument and repeatability of the protocol was tested. We also tested its ability to characterize and differentiate two tasks: PF maximum contraction and Valsalva maneuver (maximum intra-abdominal effort with downward movement of the PF)...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549338/fast-backprojection-based-reconstruction-of-spectral-spatial-epr-images-from-projections-with-the-constant-sweep-of-a-magnetic-field
#14
Denis A Komarov, Hiroshi Hirata
In this paper, we introduce a procedure for the reconstruction of spectral-spatial EPR images using projections acquired with the constant sweep of a magnetic field. The application of a constant field-sweep and a predetermined data sampling rate simplifies the requirements for EPR imaging instrumentation and facilitates the backprojection-based reconstruction of spectral-spatial images. The proposed approach was applied to the reconstruction of a four-dimensional numerical phantom and to actual spectral-spatial EPR measurements...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549107/physical-functioning-among-older-adults-new-to-long-term-services-and-supports
#15
Jo-Ana D Chase, Karen B Hirschman, Alexandra L Hanlon, Liming Huang, Kathryn H Bowles, Mary D Naylor
Background and Objectives: To identify determinants of self-reported physical functioning (PF) among older adults new to long-term services and supports (LTSS). Research Design and Method: Using the International Classification of Function, Disability, and Health (ICF) framework, we conducted a secondary analysis of self-reported data on symptoms, basic/instrumental activities of daily living, quality of life, assistive devices, physical therapy needs, prior healthcare utilization, health status, and demographics from 470 older adults new to LTSS (Home/Community-Based n = 156; Assisted Living n = 156; Nursing Home n = 158)...
May 25, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549047/health-related-quality-of-life-and-sleep-disorders-in-patients-with-a-urostomy-is-there-a-relationship
#16
Chie Furukawa, Ikuharu Morioka
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and sleep disorders in persons living with a urostomy. DESIGN: A cross-sectional descriptive study. SUBJECTS AND SETTINGS: Eighty-six adults with a urostomy who were cared for in a stoma outpatient clinic of a hospital in Osaka, Japan, for at least 1 month before data collection, and who were attending support group meetings comprised the sample...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549007/surgeon-experience-and-medicare-expenditures-for-laparoscopic-compared-to-open-colectomy
#17
Kyle H Sheetz, Andrew M Ibrahim, Scott E Regenbogen, Justin B Dimick
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the extent to which payments for laparoscopic and open colectomy are influenced by a surgeon's experience with laparoscopy. BACKGROUND: Numerous studies suggest that healthcare costs for laparoscopic colectomy are lower than open surgery. None have assessed the importance of surgeon experience on the relative financial benefits of laparoscopy. METHODS: We conducted a study of 182,852 national Medicare beneficiaries undergoing laparoscopic or open colectomy between 2010 and 2012...
May 25, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548996/distal-junctional-failure-following-pediatric-spinal-fusion
#18
Lorena V Floccari, Alvin W Su, Amy L McIntosh, Karl Rathjen, William J Shaughnessy, A Noelle Larson
BACKGROUND: Adjacent segment pathology is a known complication after spinal fusion, but little has been reported on junctional failure. A series of adolescent patients presented with acute distal junctional failure (DJF). We sought to determine any common features of these patients to develop a prevention strategy. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of pediatric patients who developed DJF after instrumented spinal fusion performed at 2 institutions from 1999 to 2013...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548921/repeatability-testing-of-a-new-hybrid-iii-6-year-old-atd-lower-extremity
#19
Laura C Boucher, Yeonsu Ryu, Yun-Seok Kang, John H Bolte
OBJECTIVE: Vehicle safety is improving, thus decreasing the number of life-threatening injuries and increasing the need for research in other areas of the body. The current child anthropomorphic test device (ATD) does not have the capabilities or instrumentation to measure many of the potential interactions between the lower extremity and the vehicle interior. A prototype Hybrid III 6-year-old ATD lower extremity (ATD-LE) was developed and contains a tibia load cell and a more biofidelic ankle...
May 29, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548308/validation-of-a-french-version-of-the-sleep-condition-indicator-a-clinical-screening-tool-for-insomnia-disorder-according-to-dsm-5-criteria
#20
Sophie Bayard, Cindy Lebrun, Khaalid Hassan Maudarbocus, Vanessa Schellaert, Alicia Joffre, Esther Ferrante, Marie Le Louedec, Alice Cournoulat, Marie-Christine Gely-Nargeot, Annemarie I Luik
Insomnia disorder is frequent in the population, yet there is no French screening instrument available that is based on the updated DSM-5 criteria. We evaluated the validity and reliability of the French version of an insomnia screening instrument based on DSM-5 criteria, the Sleep Condition Indicator, in a population-based sample of adults. A total of 366 community-dwelling participants completed a face-to-face clinical interview to determine insomnia disorder against DSM-5 criteria and several questionnaires including the French Sleep Condition Indicator version...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
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