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Surgical wound infection

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635352/a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-two-types-of-retractors-at-caesarean-delivery
#1
Abbey J Hardy-Fairbanks, Todd Mackenzie, Martin McCarthy, Marlene B Goldman, Michele R Lauria
The aim of this study was to determine if the use of a self-retaining, symmetrical retractor (OB/Mobius(®)) during caesarean delivery is associated with differences in post-operative pain experience. Consenting women undergoing caesarean delivery were randomly assigned to OB/Mobius(®) versus conventional retraction instruments. Women were blinded to retractor type and filled out surgical pain surveys each post-operative day. Additional outcome variables were collected through a provider survey and chart review...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633769/blisters-in-ankle-fractures-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#2
David González Quevedo, Juan Manuel Sánchez Siles, Facundo Rojas Tomba, Iskandar Tamimi Mariño, Manuel Francisco Bravo Bardaji, Francisco Villanueva Pareja
The most frequent postoperative complications after an ankle fracture are usually skin related. We present the results of a retrospective study of 112 patients with ankle fracture who had undergone open reduction and internal fixation from January 2014 to December 2014. The following features were analyzed: patient comorbidities, fracture type, the presence of an open fracture or fracture-dislocation, timing and duration of surgery, preoperative glucose level, and short-term complications (i.e., blisters, wound dehiscence, deep and superficial infections, and reintervention)...
July 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631104/is-there-an-association-between-surgeon-hat-type-and-30-day-wound-events-following-ventral-hernia-repair
#3
REVIEW
I N Haskins, A S Prabhu, D M Krpata, A J Perez, L Tastaldi, C Tu, S Rosenblatt, B K Poulose, M J Rosen
INTRODUCTION: While several patient and operative variables have been shown to be associated with an increased risk of postoperative wound events, the association between surgical hat type worn by surgeons and postoperative wound events remains controversial. The purpose of this study is to investigate the association between type of surgical hat worn by surgeons and the incidence of postoperative wound events following ventral hernia repair using the Americas Hernia Society Quality Collaborative database...
June 19, 2017: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630831/unusual-presentation-of-mycetoma-of-the-foot-a-rare-case-report
#4
Amit Grover, Prashanth Nagaraj, Vinay M Joseph, Daksh Gadi
INTRODUCTION: Mycetoma is a chronic granulomatous infection. It is caused by actinomycetes or fungi. It is common in tropical countries and males. Predisposing conditions include malnutrition, poor hygiene, history of trauma, wounds on barefeet, and systemic infections. Eumycotic mycetoma commonly involves lower extremities whereas actinomycosis affects the cervicofacial, thoracic, and abdominal regions. Mycetoma presents with a chronic indurated ulcerated plague with swelling and yellowish discharge of sulfur granules...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627291/early-complications-morbidity-and-mortality-in-octo-and-nonagenarians-undergoing-posterior-intraoperative-spinal-navigation-based-c1-2-fusion-for-type-ii-odontoid-process-fractures
#5
Basem Ishak, Till Schneider, Valerie Gimmy, Andreas W Unterberg, Karl L Kiening
Type II odontoid fractures represent the most common cervical spine injury in the elderly. The decision for surgical treatment is still controversial, particularly with regard to the elevated perioperative risk attributed to frequent comorbidities and poor bone quality. Purpose of this study was to assess both short-term mortality and mid-term clinical and radiological outcome in the elderly. Between January 2007 and December 2015, 35 patients with type II odontoid process fractures who underwent posterior atlanto-axial instrumentation using a modified Goel-Harms technique were retrospectively analyzed and prospectively examined clinically and radiologically...
June 18, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624175/prospective-study-comparing-laparoscopic-and-open-radical-cystectomy-surgical-and-oncological-results
#6
C Esquinas, J M Alonso, E Mateo, A Dotor, A M Martín, J F Dorado, I Arance, J C Angulo
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic radical cystectomy with lymphadenectomy and urinary diversion is an increasingly widespread operation. Studies are needed to support the oncological effectiveness and safety of this minimally invasive approach. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A nonrandomised, comparative prospective study between open radical cystectomy (ORC) and laparoscopic radical cystectomy (LRC) was conducted in a university hospital. The main objective was to compare cancer-specific survival...
June 14, 2017: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623447/new-approaches-to-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#7
William Kethman, Mary Hawn
BACKGROUND: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is the most common gastrointestinal disorder of the esophagus. It is a chronic, progressive disorder that presents most typically with heartburn and regurgitation and atypically with chest pain, dysphagia, chronic cough, globus, or sore throat. The mainstay for diagnosis and characterization of the disorder is esophagoduodenoscopy (EGD), high-resolution esophageal manometry, and symptom-associated ambulatory esophageal pH impedance monitoring...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622834/morbid-obesity-and-functional-status-as-predictors-of-surgical-complication-after-renal-transplantation
#8
Tara M Veasey, James N Fleming, Sara E Strout, Ryan Miller, Nicole A Pilch, Holly B Meadows, Caitlin R Mardis, Benjamin A Mardis, Sunil Shenvi, John McGillicuddy, Kenneth D Chavin, Prabhakar Baliga, David J Taber
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the impact of body mass index (BMI) and patient functional status on the risk for surgical complications after kidney transplant. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study of adult kidney transplant recipients grouped patients by baseline Karnofsky status (low function ≤ 70%) and further stratified by morbid obesity (BMI ≥ 35 kg/m(2)) to assess surgical complication risk. RESULTS: 736 patients were included with surgical complications occurring in 25%...
June 8, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621029/urinary-tract-infection-in-patients-with-hip-fracture-an-underestimated-event
#9
Christopher Bliemel, Benjamin Buecking, Juliana Hack, Rene Aigner, Daphne-Asimenia Eschbach, Steffen Ruchholtz, Ludwig Oberkircher
AIM: Urinary tract infections (UTI) represent a common perioperative complication among elderly patients with hip fracture. To determine the impact of UTI on the perioperative course of elderly patients with hip fractures, a prospective study was carried out. METHODS: A total of 402 surgically-treated geriatric hip fracture patients were consecutively enrolled at a level 1 trauma center. On admission, all patients received an indwelling urinary catheter. Clinically symptomatic patients were screened more closely for UTI...
June 16, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616706/surgical-treatment-of-unstable-pelvic-fractures-with-concomitant-acetabular-fractures
#10
Leyi Cai, Yiting Lou, Xiaoshan Guo, Jianshun Wang
PURPOSE: To explore the diagnosis, treatment, and clinical prognosis of patients with both unstable pelvic fractures and concomitant acetabular fractures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 21 cases of unstable pelvic fractures with concomitant acetabular fractures treated between January 2013 and December 2014. All 21 patients (18 males, 3 females), aged 43.5-55 years (range: 21-55 years), underwent surgery within four to 15 days (average = 6...
June 14, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616060/early-recognition-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-surgical-site-infections-using-risk-and-protective-factors-identified-by-a-group-of-italian-surgeons-through-delphi-method
#11
G Sganga, C Tascini, E Sozio, S Colizza
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infections (SSIs) constitute a major clinical problem in terms of morbidity, mortality, duration of hospital stay, and overall costs. The bacterial pathogens implicated most frequently are Streptococcus pyogenes (S. pyogenes) and Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus). The incidence of methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) SSIs is increasing significantly. Since these infections have a significant impact on hospital budgets and patients' health, their diagnosis must be anticipated and therapy improved...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615467/evaluation-of-the-bd-max%C3%A2-staphsr-assay-for-detecting-mrsa-and-mssa-in-eswab-collected-wound-samples
#12
Suzane Silbert, Alicia Gostnell, Carly Kubasek, Raymond Widen
Staphylococcus aureus (SA) is the most common pathogen involved in skin and soft tissue infections and it is the principal cause of surgical site infections (1, 2, 3).….
June 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614440/nursing-diagnoses-and-interventions-in-children-submitted-to-cochlear-implantation
#13
Patrícia Juliana Santos Pereira, Natália Fernanda Higa de Souza, Raissa Janine de Almeida, Daiane Cabrera Menezes, Gesiane Cristina Bom, Armando Dos Santos Trettene
OBJECTIVE: Identifying the main nursing diagnoses and interventions in children submitted to cochlear implant in the immediate postoperative period. METHOD: A cross-sectional study conducted between February and April 2016, considering nursing history (anamnesis and physical examination) and nursing diagnoses (NANDA - International) with their respective interventions (Nursing Intervention Classification - NIC). Descriptive statistical analysis was used to construct the results...
June 12, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613416/topical-antimicrobial-agents-for-treating-foot-ulcers-in-people-with-diabetes
#14
REVIEW
Jo C Dumville, Benjamin A Lipsky, Christopher Hoey, Mario Cruciani, Marta Fiscon, Jun Xia
BACKGROUND: People with diabetes are at high risk for developing foot ulcers, which often become infected. These wounds, especially when infected, cause substantial morbidity. Wound treatments should aim to alleviate symptoms, promote healing, and avoid adverse outcomes, especially lower extremity amputation. Topical antimicrobial therapy has been used on diabetic foot ulcers, either as a treatment for clinically infected wounds, or to prevent infection in clinically uninfected wounds...
June 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612597/men-have-a-higher-incidence-of-seroma-after-breast-cancer-surgery
#15
Letícia Lima de Oliveira, Suzana Sales de Aguiar, Paulo Franscisco Mascarenhas Bender, Anke Bergmann, Luiz Claudio Santos Thuler
Background and Objectives: Male breast cancer (MBC) is rare. While surgical treatment may result in several complications in women, little is known about how it affects men. The objective of this study was to compare the incidence of postoperative wound complications between men and women after breast cancer surgery. Methods: This cohort study included all male patients enrolled for breast cancer surgical treatment at the Brazilian National Cancer Institute, between 1999 and 2013. Each was matched with three female breast cancer patients...
May 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610569/a-novel-tamponade-agent-for-management-of-post-partum-hemorrhage-adaptation-of-the-xstat-mini-sponge-applicator-for-obstetric-use
#16
Maria I Rodriguez, Jeffrey T Jensen, Kenton Gregory, Mary Bullard, Paul Longo, Jerry Heidel, Alison Edelman
BACKGROUND: Although uterine tamponade is an effective treatment for postpartum hemorrhage (PPH), current methods have key limitations in their use, particularly in low resource settings. The XStat™ Mini Sponge Dressing (MSD) is approved for the management of non-compressible wounds in the battlefield/trauma setting. The MSD applies highly compressed medical sponges capable of stopping high-flow arterial bleeding within seconds. The objective of our study was to adopt the MSD for use in managing PPH...
June 13, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608250/the-efficacy-of-active-drainage-for-preventing-postoperative-organ-space-surgical-site-infections-in-patients-with-crohn-s-disease
#17
Ryo Ikeshima, Tsunekazu Mizushima, Hidekazu Takahashi, Naotsugu Haraguchi, Junichi Nishimura, Taishi Hata, Chu Matsuda, Masakazu Ikenaga, Kiyokazu Nakajima, Hirofumi Yamamoto, Kohei Murata, Yuichiro Doki, Masaki Mori
PURPOSE: Patients with Crohn's disease (CD) show a higher incidence of surgical site infections (SSIs) after bowel resection in comparison to other patient populations because CD patients commonly suffer from anemia, malnutrition, and immunosuppression. In comparison to conventional passive drainage, active drainage using a closed-suction drain reportedly reduces postoperative wound-related complications in several diseases. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the incidence of SSI and to identify the risk factors for SSI in patients with CD...
June 12, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608019/the-benefits-of-a-wound-protector-in-preventing-incisional-surgical-site-infection-in-elective-open-digestive-surgery-a-large-scale-cohort-study
#18
Keita Itatsu, Yukihiro Yokoyama, Gen Sugawara, Satoaki Kamiya, Masaki Terasaki, Atsushi Morioka, Shinsuke Iyomasa, Kazuhisa Shirai, Masahiko Ando, Masato Nagino
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to evaluate the benefits of wound protectors (WPs) in preventing incisional surgical site infection (I-SSI) in open elective digestive surgery using data from a large-scale, multi-institutional cohort study. METHODS: Patients who had elective digestive surgery for malignant neoplasms between November 2009 and February 2011 were included. The protective value of WPs against I-SSI was evaluated. RESULTS: A total of 3201 patients were analyzed...
June 12, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607854/safety-of-immediate-posterior-trunk-soft-tissue-reconstruction-in-older-adults
#19
Nicholas A Calotta, Devin Coon, Justin M Sacks
BACKGROUND: Older patients, especially those older than 65 years, are accounting for an ever-increasing share of hospital costs, especially surgical procedures. Studies regarding the safety of surgery in these patients have been widespread in the past decade. Despite these efforts, there is a paucity of information regarding the safety of reconstruction following spinal surgery in older patients. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of patients undergoing soft-tissue reconstruction of the posterior trunk after oncologic spine surgery...
May 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607285/rationalisation-of-the-surgical-technique-for-minimally-invasive-laparoscopic-ileal-pouch-anal-anastomosis-after-previous-total-colectomy-for-ulcerative-colitis
#20
Francesco Giudici, Stefano Scaringi, Carmela Di Martino, Ferdinando Ficari, Paolo Bechi
INTRODUCTION: No previous study clearly focuses on laparoscopic technique to perform the second stage surgery (proctectomy with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis [IPAA]) after total colectomy for acute/severe ulcerative colitis (UC). We describe the procedural steps for a simple and rational minimally invasive second stage surgery, reporting intra- and short-term post-operative results. PATIENTS AND METHODS: During the period December 2014-December 2015, 10 consecutive patients (8 males and 2 females) with mean age of 48 years underwent laparoscopic proctectomy and IPAA adopting our novel approach...
July 2017: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
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