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Surgical wound infection

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928755/prophylactic-abdominal-drainage-for-pancreatic-surgery
#1
REVIEW
Wei Zhang, Sirong He, Yao Cheng, Jie Xia, Mingliang Lai, Nansheng Cheng, Zuojin Liu
BACKGROUND: The use of surgical drains has been considered mandatory after pancreatic surgery. The role of prophylactic abdominal drainage to reduce postoperative complications after pancreatic surgery is controversial. OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefits and harms of routine abdominal drainage after pancreatic surgery, compare the effects of different types of surgical drains, and evaluate the optimal time for drain removal. SEARCH METHODS: For the last version of this review, we searched CENTRAL (2016, Issue 8), and MEDLINE, Embase, Science Citation Index Expanded, and Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (CBM) to 28 August 2016)...
June 21, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928083/infragluteal-fasciocutaneous-flap-for-management-of-recurrent-ischial-pressure-sore
#2
Umesh Kumar, Pradeep Jain
Objective: The objective of the study was to determine the feasibility of infragluteal fasciocutaneous flap in recurrent ischial pressure sore. Materials and Methods: In our study, from 2015 to 2017, nine patients suffering from recurrent ischial sore with scars of previous surgery were managed with infragluteal fasciocutaneous flap. Wound bed was prepared by surgical debridement and negative pressure wound therapy in each case. In two cases, gracilis muscle flap was used as adjuvant to fill up the residual cavity...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927043/hospitalised-patients-experiences-during-negative-pressure-wound-therapy-due-to-surgical-site-infection-after-vascular-and-cardiac-surgery
#3
Charlotte B Thorup, Mette Hougaard, Pernille F Blindum, Erik E Sørensen
Surgical site infections that develop after vascular and cardiac surgery are often treated with Negative Pressure Wound Therapy (NPWT). Due to the severity of the infection and risk of bleeding, this NPWT often requires hospitalisation. Fourteen patients were selected for qualitative interviews to investigate their experiences and the meaning of patient participation during hospitalisation with NPWT. Results show that hospitalisation induces tension between an intrusion of privacy and being part of a community...
June 21, 2018: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926317/the-efficacy-of-antimicrobial-coated-sutures-for-preventing-incisional-surgical-site-infections-in-digestive-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Motoi Uchino, Toru Mizuguchi, Hiroki Ohge, Seiji Haji, Junzo Shimizu, Yasuhiko Mohri, Chizuru Yamashita, Yuichi Kitagawa, Katsunori Suzuki, Motomu Kobayashi, Masahiro Kobayashi, Fumie Sakamoto, Masahiro Yoshida, Toshihiko Mayumi, Koichi Hirata
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial-coated sutures have recently become well known for preventing surgical site infections (SSIs). However, the evidence and recommendations from some organizations remain controversial. Therefore, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to analyze the efficacy of antimicrobial-coated sutures for preventing SSIs in digestive surgery. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of literature published from 2000 to 2017 (registered on PROSPERO, No...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924213/evaluation-of-polyamide-surgical-mesh-as-an-abdominal-ventral-implant-in-rabbits
#5
Renata Gebara Sampaio Dória, Silvio Henrique de Freitas, Yumi de Barcelos Hayasaka, Maria Cristina Ferrarini Nunes Soares Hage, Ricardo de Francisco Strefezzi, Adriano Bonfin Carregaro, Gustavo Morandini Reginato, Carlos Eduardo Ambrósio, Alois Foltran Müller
PURPOSE: To evaluate abdominal ventral wound healing by using a specific biomaterial, a handmade polyamide surgical mesh. METHODS: A surgical incisional defect was made in ten rabbits to simulate a hernia in the ventral abdominal musculature. A polyamide surgical mesh was used in hernioplasty. They were monitored for surgical wound healing, and macroscopically and histologically evaluated at the end of the experiment. The polyamide surgical mesh did not cause foreign body reaction, pain, edema, or infection in the surgical site...
May 2018: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923977/comparison-of-leukosan-skinlink-with-surgical-suture-for-traumatic-laceration-repair-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Hyeongtae Kim, Wonhee Kim, Gu Hyun Kang, Yong Soo Jang, Hyun Young Choi, Jae Guk Kim, In Young Kim, Minji Kim
BACKGROUND: Leukosan SkinLink (LS), which combines non-woven textile strips and tissue adhesive, offers the advantage of atraumatic treatment while effectively shortening the procedure time. We hypothesized that wound closure would be faster with LS than with surgical suture (SS) and the wound infection and dehiscence would be similar. METHODS: A prospective, open label, single-center, randomized controlled trial was performed. Between November 2014 and April 2016, 49 patients with traumatic lacerations who presented to the emergency department were eligible for study inclusion...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922573/the-use-of-tranexamic-acid-in-total-elbow-replacement-to-reduce-post-operative-wound-infection
#7
Syed Mannan, Mohammed Ali, Lukasz Mazur, Mei Chin, Ahmed Fadulelmola
Background: Incidence of infection following total elbow replacement (TER) is recognised to be higher compared to hip or knee arthroplasty. Extensive swelling following TER can complicate the wound healing which might lead to infection. Tranexamic Acid (TXA) is proven to reduce blood loss peri-operatively which might contribute to better healing outcomes. Our aim is to assess the effect of TXA in wound healing following TER. Methods: A retrospective review of a single surgeon case series. 10 patients had TER mainly for complicated elbow fractures, four of them were relatively immune-supressed...
2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922571/careful-interpretation-of-the-wound-status-is-needed-with-use-of-antibiotic-impregnated-biodegradable-synthetic-pure-calcium-sulfate-beads-series-of-39-cases
#8
Aditya Menon, Rajeev Soman, Camilla Rodrigues, Sanjay Phadke, Vikas M Agashe
Introduction: The use of antibiotic impregnated biodegradable synthetic high purity calcium sulfate (SHPCS) beads is frequently reported as they offer increased concentration of antibiotics locally, without need for removal. However some wound discharge following their use has been noted. The purpose of this study was to determine any correlation between wound discharge and infection remission. Methodology: Retrospective study of 39 cases of Osteoarticular infections from April 2013 to November 2016 in whom SHPCS beads were used...
2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922462/surgical-site-infection-surveillance-following-total-knee-arthroplasty-tertiary-care-hospital-experience
#9
Irfan Ashraf, Yasir Mohib, Obada Hasan, Amina Malik, Khabir Ahmad, Shahryar Noordin
Introduction: Surgical Site Infection (SSI) after knee arthroplasty is a major cause of morbidity and mortality that increases the hospital stay, financial burden and mental anguish of the patient. Infection Control Unit at Aga Khan University Hospital (AKUH) incorporated total knee arthroplasty in its surgical care surveillance program and started collecting data in June 2012. The purpose of this study is to review Surgical Site Infection (SSI) rates in patients undergoing primary total knee replacement (TKR) surgery...
July 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920637/negative-pressure-wound-dressing-reduces-surgical-site-infections-in-infants-after-closed-abdominal-procedures-a-preliminary-report
#10
Christoph Zoeller, Emi Yoshizawa, Mohammad V Sethi, Benno M Ure, Joachim F Kuebler
INTRODUCTION:  Negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) is a novel tool to reduce surgical site infections (SSIs). Although SSIs are a common source of morbidity in infants undergoing laparotomy, the cost of the available NPWT devices has restricted its use to adult high-risk patients. We developed a low-cost method of NPWT in infants and analyzed its impact on the incidence of SSIs in infant patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS:  A consecutive series of infants (age ≤ 12 months) who underwent a clean-contaminated, contaminated, or dirty abdominal procedure via laparotomy from 08/2015 to 12/2016 were included...
June 19, 2018: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920380/transvaginal-treatment-of-anterior-and-apical-genital-prolapses-using-an-ultra-lightweight-mesh-restorelle%C3%A2-direct-fixtm-a-retrospective-study-on-feasibility-and-morbidity
#11
Philippe Ferry, Pauline Bertherat, Anne Gauthier, Richard Villet, Francesco Del Piano, David Hamid, Hervé Fernandez, Pierre-Louis Broux, Delphine Salet-Lizée, Etienne Vincens, Pierre Ntshaykolo, Philippe Debodinance, Philippe Pocholle, Yannick Thirouard, Renaud de Tayrac
Vaginal mesh safety information is limited, especially concerning single incision techniques using ultra lightweight meshes for the treatment of anterior pelvic organ prolapse (POP). Objective To determine the intraoperative and postoperative complication rates after anterior POP repair involving an ultralight mesh (19kg/m2 ): Restorelle® Direct Fix™. Methods A case series of 218 consecutive patients, operated on between January 2013 and December 2016 in ten tertiary and secondary care centres, was retrospectively analysed...
June 16, 2018: Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916991/risk-factors-for-early-reoperation-after-operative-treatment-of-acetabular-fractures
#12
Anthony Ding, Robert V OʼToole, Renan Castillo, Brad Reahl, Ryan Montalvo, Jason W Nascone, Marcus F Sciadini, Anthony R Carlini, Theodore T Manson
OBJECTIVES: To identify the risk factors for early reoperation after operative fixation of acetabular fractures. DESIGN: Retrospective evaluation. SETTING: Level I Trauma Center. PATIENTS: Seven hundred ninety-one patients with displaced acetabular fractures treated with open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) from 2006 to 2015. Average follow-up was 52 weeks. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Early reoperation after acetabular ORIF, defined as secondary procedure for infection or revision within 3 years of initial operation...
July 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916970/optimal-timing-of-alveolar-cleft-bone-grafting-for-maxillary-clefts-in-the-cleft-palate-population
#13
Arminder S Kaura, Dhivya R Srinivasa, Steven J Kasten
PURPOSE: Timing of bone grafting for maxillary alveolar clefts is not standardized. Secondary bone grafting is often performed; however, consensus does not exist regarding use of chronologic versus dental age to guide treatment. Several authors suggest an early chronologic age is associated with greater success. Available literature was systematically reviewed for evidence for optimal timing for grafting maxillary alveolar clefts. METHODS: PubMed, MEDLINE, and Cochrane Central Registrar of Controlled Trials databases were queried for manuscripts pertaining to maxillary alveolar cleft bone grafting...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914839/trends-of-30-day-mortality-and-morbidities-in-endovascular-repair-of-intact-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-during-the-last-decade
#14
Kanhua Yin, Satinderjit S Locham, Marc L Schermerhorn, Mahmoud B Malas
OBJECTIVE: Significant research efforts have been made to improve the safety and efficacy of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) in treating abdominal aortic aneurysm. This study aimed to examine the trends of perioperative outcomes of EVAR in the recent decade using a national validated database. METHODS: Patients who underwent EVAR for intact abdominal aortic aneurysm between 2006 and 2015 were identified from the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program and divided into early (2006-2010) and late (2011-2015) periods...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914830/clinical-factors-that-influence-the-cellular-responses-of-saphenous-veins-used-for-arterial-bypass
#15
Michael Sobel, Shinsuke Kikuchi, Lihua Chen, Gale L Tang, Tom N Wight, Richard D Kenagy
OBJECTIVE: When an autogenous vein is harvested and used for arterial bypass, it suffers physical and biologic injuries that may set in motion the cellular processes that lead to wall thickening, fibrosis, stenosis, and ultimately graft failure. Whereas the injurious effects of surgical preparation of the vein conduit have been extensively studied, little is known about the influence of the clinical environment of the donor leg from which the vein is obtained. METHODS: We studied the cellular responses of fresh saphenous vein samples obtained before implantation in 46 patients undergoing elective lower extremity bypass surgery...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913430/characteristics-and-outcomes-of-laparoscopic-surgery-in-patients-with-large-hiatal-hernia-a-single-center-study
#16
Angela Romano, Davide D'Amore, Giuseppe Esposito, Marianna Petrillo, Modestino Pezzella, Francesco Maria Romano, Giuseppe Izzo, Angelo Cosenza, Francesco Torelli, Antonio Volpicelli, Natale Di Martino
INTRODUCTION: Giant hiatal hernia is characterized by the presence of more than 1/3 of the stomach in the chest, through the diaphragmatic hiatus, with or without other intra-abdominal organs. It is a rare pathology, representing the 5-10% of all hiatal hernias. The advent of laparoscopic surgery led to new surgical techniques, which include the simple reduction with the excision of the hernial sac and the execution of a posterior hiatoplasty, with or without mesh, and the execution of a Collis-Nissen gatroplasty in case of short esophagus...
May 7, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909184/rates-causes-risk-factors-and-outcomes-of-readmission-following-deep-brain-stimulation-for-movement-disorders-analysis-of-the-u-s-nationwide-readmissions-database
#17
Kavelin Rumalla, Kyle A Smith, Kenneth A Follett, Jules M Nazzaro, Paul M Arnold
OBJECTIVE: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) surgery has proven benefit for several movement disorders and medically-refractory psychiatric conditions and is considered a fairly safe procedure. We sought to determine the national rates, causes, predictors, and outcomes associated with 30-day and 90-day readmission. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The Nationwide Readmissions Database was queried (January-September 2013) using ICD-9-CM codes, identifying patients who underwent DBS for movement disorder (Parkinson's disease [PD], essential tremor [ET], or dystonia)...
June 10, 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908932/comparison-of-open-and-closed-hand-fractures-and-the-effect-of-urgent-operative-intervention
#18
Shobhit V Minhas, Louis W Catalano
PURPOSE: To establish and compare the incidence of 30-day postoperative infection in surgically managed open and closed metacarpal and phalangeal fractures, and to determine whether open fractures treated urgently had a lower incidence of postoperative infection. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of patient demographics, comorbidities, and 30-day infection rates of patients undergoing operative fixation of metacarpal, proximal, or middle phalanx fractures from 2008 to 2015 using the American College of Surgeons' National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907204/a-simulation-model-of-nail-bed-suture-and-nail-fixation-description-and-preliminary-evaluation
#19
Ida Giurin, Jean Bréaud, Virginie Rampal, Olivier Rosello, Federico Solla
BACKGROUND: Wounds of the finger nail bed represent a frequent injury, especially in children. Residents often learn nail bed repair on patients without prior training. We aimed to develop and evaluate a "low-fidelity" simulation model of nail bed repair. METHODS: The model consists of a false nail on a plastic finger and a hydrocolloid dressing, which is pasted on the nail bed site and cut horizontally. This model allows nail bed suture and nail fixation...
August 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905629/local-vancomycin-effectively-reduces-surgical-site-infection-at-implant-site-in-rodents
#20
Jeffrey S Kroin, Jinyuan Li, Sasha Shafikhani, Kajal H Gupta, Mario Moric, Asokumar Buvanendran
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Infected implantable devices represent a clinical challenge, because the customary option is to surgically remove the device, and that is associated with substantial cost and morbidity to the patient, along with patient dissatisfaction with the physician. Although prophylactic systemic antibiotics and sterile technique are the mainstay of prevention of surgical site infection (SSI) after implant, the incidence of SSI remains relatively high. Although some surgeons add local antibiotic at implant site during surgery, there is no scientific research to demonstrate if there is a benefit...
June 13, 2018: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
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