keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Post operative infection

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045970/-unilateral-patellar-resurfacing-in-bilateral-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-randomized-controlled-study
#1
J F Wang, Z Li, K S Zhang, F Yuan, R J Li, Q J Zhong, Z P Guan
OBJECTIVE: To perform unilateral patellar resurfacing and contralateral patellar retention in bilateral total knee arthroplasty (TKA) randomly, and to compare the clinical effects of patellar retention with patellar resurfacing in TKA. METHODS: In the study, 14 bilateral knee osteoarthritis (OA) patients were randomized in the bilateral TKA to receive unilateral patellar resurfacing and contralateral patellar retention, including 28 knees, all were females, 53 to 78 years old, with average (66...
October 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044978/early-postoperative-fever-in-pediatric-patients-undergoing-cochlear-implant-surgery
#2
Sabri El-Saied, Ben-Zion Joshua, Muhammad Abu Tailakh, Irit Jagev, Revital Gorali, Mordechai Kraus, Daniel M Kaplan
Early Post-Operative Fever after cochlear Implant surgery is not uncommon. We assessed all pediatric patients undergoing cochlear implants and addressed the patients with post-operative fever. A hundred and thirty surgeries were performed; of all patients 25 developed early postoperative fever. The workup did not identify the cause of fever in any of the patients. Fever resolved without any additional Intervention. There was no difference in fever or infection rate in patients that received prophylactic antibiotic, whether prolonged (one week) versus or only perioperative treatment (one day)...
October 16, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039988/the-intraoperative-use-of-polydioxanone-foil-to-reduce-the-risk-of-sino-orbital-fistula-formation-in-orbital-exenteration
#3
Aws Al-Hity, Maria Elena Gregory, Ewan G Kemp
BACKGROUND: Orbital exenteration is a radical surgical procedure resulting in deformity. It involves removal of the globe, optic nerve, extra-ocular muscles, orbital fat, lacrimal gland, and peri-osteum. Sino-orbital fistula (SOF) formation is a common documented post-operative complication, usually connecting the orbit and the ethmoid sinus. SOFs can cause leaks of serous fluid, and act as an entry site for pathogens into the orbit leading to socket infection and breakdown. METHODS: This retrospective study analyzed exenterations performed over a 22-year period (1993-2015) at the National Ocular Oncology Service Centre for Scotland...
October 17, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035003/hepatitis-b-core-related-antigen-hbcrag-an-emerging-marker-for-chronic-hepatitis-b-virus-infection
#4
REVIEW
L-Y Mak, D K-H Wong, K-S Cheung, W-K Seto, C-L Lai, M-F Yuen
BACKGROUND: Chronic hepatitis B (CHB) cannot be completely eradicated due to the presence of covalently closed circular DNA (cccDNA) in the nuclei of infected hepatocytes. While quantification of intrahepatic cccDNA requires liver biopsies, serological markers can be non-invasive alternatives to reflect intrahepatic viral replicative activity. Recently, hepatitis B core-related antigen (HBcrAg) has been advocated as a novel serum marker for disease monitoring and prognostication of CHB...
October 16, 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032456/silver-loaded-chitosan-coating-as-an-integrated-approach-to-face-titanium-implant-associated-infections-analytical-characterization-and-biological-activity
#5
Stefania Cometa, Maria A Bonifacio, Federico Baruzzi, Silvia de Candia, Maria M Giangregorio, Lorena C Giannossa, Manuela Dicarlo, Monica Mattioli-Belmonte, Luigia Sabbatini, Elvira De Giglio
The present work focuses on the idea to prevent and/or inhibit the colonization of implant surfaces by microbial pathogens responsible for post-operative infections, adjusting antimicrobial properties of the implant surface prior to its insertion. An antibacterial coating based on chitosan and silver was developed by electrodeposition techniques on poly(acrylic acid)-coated titanium substrates. When a silver salt was added during the chitosan deposition step, a stable and scalable silver incorporation was achieved...
October 14, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032237/hospital-charges-and-length-of-stay-following-radical-cystectomy-in-the-eras-era
#6
Alice Semerjian, Niv Milbar, Max Kates, Michael A Gorin, Hiten D Patel, Heather J Chalfin, Steven M Frank, Christopher L Wu, William W Yang, Deb Hobson, Lindsay Robertson, Elizabeth Wick, Mark P Schoenberg, Phillip M Pierorazio, Michael H Johnson, C J Stimson, Trinity J Bivalacqua
OBJECTIVE: To report our center's experience with Enhanced Recovery after Surgery (ERAS) pathway for radical cystectomy (RC), specifically evaluating complications, LOS, 30- and 90-day readmissions, and hospital charges. Pathways of this type have been shown to decrease length of stay (LOS) and post-operative ileus. However, concerns persist that ERAS is costly and increases readmissions. To date, limited studies have evaluated these concerns. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our ERAS protocol was implemented for RC in December 2015...
October 12, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031824/the-exeter-trauma-stem-a-radiographic-follow-up-at-minimum-of-five-years-post-implantation
#7
A M Kassam, L Tillotson, S L Whitehouse, J Charity
INTRODUCTION: The Exeter Trauma Stem (ETS) has been recommended by National Institute of Clinical Excellence (NICE) guidelines in the United Kingdom as a proven, cemented stem. A single laboratory study in the literature has raised possible concerns about the polished finish of the ETS and subsequent potential for accelerated loosening although there is little clinical evidence to support or refute this. METHODS: The aim of this study was to assess clinical outcomes of the ETS at a minimum of five years post implantation...
October 7, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031542/complications-and-30-day-readmission-rates-after-craniotomy-craniectomy-a-single-institutional-study-of-243-consecutive-patients
#8
Aladine A Elsamadicy, Amanda Sergesketter, Owoicho Adogwa, Michael Ongele, Oren N Gottfried
Early hospital readmission has become a proxy for quality of care and contributes significantly to high health care costs in the United States, with more than $20 billion health care dollars are spent on 30-day readmission annually. Cranial neurosurgical procedures (i.e., craniotomy, craniectomy) are associated with high readmission rates; however, studies examining readmission after cranial procedures are limited and relatively unknown. The aim of this study is to identify the drivers of 30-day unplanned readmission in consecutive patients undergoing craniotomies and craniectomies...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031173/an-unusual-case-of-transpelvic-impalement-injury-a-case-report
#9
Mushrek Alani, Saeed Mahmood, Ayman El-Menyar, Sajid Atique, Hassan Al-Thani, Ruben Peralta
INTRODUCTION: Impalement injury is a rare type of mechanical injury following forceful insertion of projecting object into the body. Careful planning for removal of the impaling object is essential to decrease the blood loss and preserve the function of the injured organ. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 27 year-old male fell from 4m height over a U shaped projecting up metallic bar. The bar penetrated the left side of the pelvis and traversed through the left iliac bone causing a comminuted fracture in the supra-acetabular region extending to the left psoas muscle, injuring the viscera and causing fracture of the right femur...
October 5, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030239/surgical-antibiotic-prophylaxis-and-risk-for-postoperative-antibiotic-resistant-infections
#10
Margot E Cohen, Hojjat Salmasian, Jianhua Li, Jianfang Liu, Philip Zachariah, Jason D Wright, Daniel E Freedberg
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic-resistant infections have high rates of morbidity and mortality and exposure to antibiotics is the crucial risk factor for development of antibiotic resistance. If surgical antibiotic prophylaxis (SAP) increases risk for antibiotic-resistant infections, prophylaxis may cause net harm even if it decreases overall infection rates. STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective cohort study included adults who underwent elective surgical procedures and developed infections within 30 post-operative days...
August 29, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028454/the-longtan-modification-an-effective-and-economical-surgical-innovation-for-parastomal-hernia-post-intraperitoneal-sigmoidostomy
#11
Peng Wang, Hao Su, Jianwei Liang, Zheng Wang, Zhixiang Zhou, Haitao Zhou
PURPOSE: This study was designed to introduce a new surgical innovation, referred to as the "Longtan modification," for cases with parastomal hernia (PSH) following intraperitoneal sigmoidostomy, and to assess the safety and feasibility of this procedure. METHODS: Between January 2013 and June 2016, a total of 26 consecutive cases with PSH successfully underwent this procedure. The patient demographics, surgical outcomes, stoma-related complications, and the stoma function were collected and analyzed...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027888/same-hospital-re-admission-rate-is-not-reliable-for-measuring-post-operative-infection-related-re-admission
#12
Rishi Rattan, Joshua Parreco, Tanya L Zakrison, D Dante Yeh, Howard M Lieberman, Nicholas Namias
BACKGROUND: Post-operative infections cause morbidity, consume resources, and are an important quality measure in assessing and comparing hospitals. Commonly used metrics do not account for re-admission to a different hospital. The Nationwide Readmissions Database (NRD) tracks re-admissions across United States (US) hospitals. Infection-related re-admission across US hospitals has not been studied previously. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The 2013 NRD was queried for admissions with a primary International Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 9th revision, Clinical Modification code for the most frequently performed operations...
October 13, 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027878/are-prophylactic-antibiotic-agents-indicated-in-anorectal-surgery-for-patients-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus
#13
Shaivi A Patel, Robert J Kucejko, Edward A Fazendin, Juan L Poggio
BACKGROUND: With increased survival among patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), surgeons have been seeing more cases of anal dysplasia and cancer. There is, however, no data on the incidence of surgical site infections (SSIs) in HIV-positive patients undergoing elective anorectal procedures, nor on the administration of prophylactic antibiotic agents. We reviewed a HIV-positive population that has undergone elective anorectal biopsy of areas of dysplasia observed on office anoscopy to assess the need for antibiotic prophylaxis...
October 13, 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027640/the-utility-of-botulinum-toxin-a-in-the-repair-of-distal-biceps-tendon-ruptures
#14
L S Khalil, R A Keller, N Mehran, N E Marshall, K Okoroha, N B Frisch, S P DeSilva
PURPOSE: The purpose of our study is to report the outcomes and complications in patients who underwent distal biceps tendon repair with the use of Botulinum toxin A (BoNT-A) as an adjunct to surgery. METHODS: A retrospective review of 14 patients who underwent 15 distal biceps tendon repairs was performed. All repaired tendons had their correlating muscle bellies injected intraoperatively with a mixture of 100U of BoNT-A and 10 ml of normal saline. Each patient was evaluated for surgical and post-operative complications and followed with Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) Disability Scores...
October 13, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025613/the-treatment-of-long-bones-nonunions-of-upper-limb-with-microsurgical-cortico-periosteal-free-flap
#15
Matteo Guzzini, Riccardo Maria Lanzetti, Dario Perugia, Domenico Lupariello, Antonio Vadalà, Marco Guidi, Carolina Civitenga, Andrea Ferretti
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Medial condyle corticoperiosteal flap is an emerging option for the treatment of upper limb non-infected nonunions. The hypothesis of our study is that corticoperiosteal flap could be an effective and safe procedure for the treatment of upper limb non-infected nonunions, evaluating radiographic and clinical outcome. METHODS: We enrolled 14 patients who underwent vascularized medial femoral condyle corticoperiosteal free flaps from January 2011 to December 2014...
October 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023175/complications-and-outcomes-of-grafting-of-posterior-orbital-fat-into-the-lower-lid-cheek-junction-during-orbital-decompression
#16
Andre S Litwin, Cornelia Poitelea, Petrina Tan, Kimia Ziahosseini, Raman Malhotra
PURPOSE: To report the complications of grafting of excised posterior orbital fat into the lower lid-cheek junction at the time of orbital decompression surgery. METHODS: Retrospective review of consecutive patients undergoing orbital decompression combined with grafting of posterior orbital fat to the pre-malar and lateral canthal area (FG). A second group of consecutive patients undergoing orbital decompression but no orbital fat grafting (NoFG) were also studied as a form of comparative control...
October 12, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022951/safety-of-fixed-drug-combination-in-post-operative-cataract-patients-at-tertiary-care-centre-in-south-india
#17
M Vidyadevi, A Anuradha, G Rashmi, R Shilpa, S Nishath
INTRODUCTION: Cataract is any opacification in lens or its capsule, which accounts for about 50% of treatable blindness worldwide. The prevalence of cataract in India is about 62.6%. The incidence of post operative endophthalmitis ranges from 0.05% - 0.14% and so the use of post-operative antibiotics and steroids is necessary to control infection and prevent inflammation. Fixed drug combinations not only cut the cost but also the dosage and improve the compliance of patients in the immediate post operative period...
January 2017: Nepalese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021888/a-good-short-term-outcome-in-delayed-decompression-of-cauda-equina-syndrome-in-klebsiella-pneumoniae-spinal-epidural-abscess-a-case-report
#18
J Hanifah, J Joehaimey, M I Yusof
Spinal epidural abscess is a severe, generally pyogenic, infection of the epidural space of spinal cord or cauda equina. The swelling caused by the abscess leads to compression or vascular disruption of neurological structures that requires urgent surgical decompression to avoid significant permanent disability. We share a rare case of Klebsiella pneumoniae spinal epidural abscess secondary to haematogenous spread of previous lung infection that presented late at our centre with cauda equina syndrome that showed good short-term outcome in delayed decompression...
July 2017: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021877/determining-if-positive-predictive-value-using-laboratory-risk-indicator-for-necrotising-fasciitis-is-applicable-in-malaysian-patients-with-necrotising-fasciitis
#19
A Syed, T Alvin, A Fazrina, R Abdul
Introduction: Necrotising fasciitis (NF) is a rapidly progressive infection of the subcutaneous tissue and fascia which spreads rapidly. The scoring system of Laboratory Risk Indicator for Necrotising Fasciitis (LRINEC) developed by Wong et al has been proposed as a tool for distinguishing NF and other soft tissue infections (STI) in Singapore. We set out to establish whether the LRINEC score is applicable in our Malaysian setting. Materials and Methods: A cross sectional study of all patients admitted to our hospital diagnosed with NF or To Rule Out NF (TRO NF) between January 1st 2016 to 30th June 2016...
July 2017: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020920/first-identification-of-gordonia-sputi-in-a-post-traumatic-endophthalmitis-patient-a-case-report-and-literatures-review
#20
Wei Fang, Jiuke Li, Hu-Shan Cui, Xiaohong Jin, Jing Zhai, Yuanmin Dai, Yumin Li
BACKGROUND: We present a case of post-traumatic endophthalmitis with relatively good prognosis caused by Gordonia sputi, which, to our knowledge is the first case in the literature. CASE PRESENTATION: A 24 year old man, who underwent an intraocular foreign body extraction half a month before presentation in the left eye, was referred to us complaining of blurred vision and slight pain for 5 days. His first presentation showed moderate intracameral and intravitreous purulent inflammation with a best corrected vision of counting fingers...
October 11, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
keyword
keyword
22979
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"