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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905861/evaluation-of-a-mobile-approach-to-gender-based-violence-service-delivery-among-syrian-refugees-in-lebanon
#1
Pamela Lilleston, Liliane Winograd, Spogmay Ahmed, Dounia Salamé, Dayana Al Alam, Kirsten Stoebenau, Ilaria Michelis, Sunita Palekar Joergensen
As the landscape of humanitarian response shifts from camp-based to urban- and informal-tented settlement-based responses, service providers and policymakers must consider creative modes for delivering health services. Psychosocial support and case management can be life-saving services for refugee women and girls who are at increased risk for physical, sexual and psychological gender-based violence (GBV). However, these services are often unavailable in non-camp refugee settings. We evaluated an innovative mobile service delivery model for GBV response and mitigation implemented by the International Rescue Committee (IRC) in Lebanon...
June 13, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905568/model-of-creating-proper-research-environment-in-medical-education-organizations
#2
Bekbergenova Zh Umbetzhanova A, V Koikov, G Derbissalina, G Tuleshova
A good research environment is an environment that effectively stimulates research, attracts productive scientists and ensures the result in the form of scientific knowledge transferred to practical application. The formation of a good research environment depends on a large number of factors. The aim of the study was to identify factors, which influence on the medical universities research performance and on the basis of this forming the model of proper research environment in the medical education organizations...
May 2018: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904730/surveillance-and-epidemiology-of-drug-resistant-infections-consortium-sedric-supporting-the-transition-from-strategy-to-action
#3
Keiji Fukuda, Direk Limmathurotsakul, Iruka N Okeke, Nandini Shetty, Rogier van Doorn, Nicholas A Feasey, Francesca Chiara, Ghada Zoubiane, Tim Jinks, Julian Parkhill, Jean Patel, Stuart W J Reid, Alison H Holmes, Sharon J Peacock
In recognition of the central importance of surveillance and epidemiology in the control of antimicrobial resistance and the need to strengthen surveillance at all levels, Wellcome has brought together a new international expert group SEDRIC (Surveillance and Epidemiology of Drug Resistant Infections Consortium). SEDRIC aims to advance and transform the ways of tracking, sharing and analysing rates of infection and drug resistance, burden of disease, information on antibiotic use, opportunities for preventative measures such as vaccines, and contamination of the environment...
2018: Wellcome Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904243/quality-of-care-in-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-what-is-the-best-way-to-better-outcomes
#4
REVIEW
Matthew Strohl, Lorant Gonczi, Zsuzsanna Kurt, Talat Bessissow, Peter L Lakatos
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a lifelong, progressive disease that has disabling impacts on patient's lives. Given the complex nature of the diagnosis of IBD and its management there is consequently a large economic burden seen across all health care systems. Quality indicators (QI) have been created to assess the different façades of disease management including structure, process and outcome components. Their development serves to provide a means to target and measure quality of care (QoC). Multiple different QI sets have been published in IBD, but all serve the same purpose of trying to achieve a standard of care that can be attained on a national and international level, since there is still a major variation in clinical practice...
June 14, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904224/the-global-burden-of-kidney-disease-and-the-sustainable-development-goals
#5
Valerie A Luyckx, Marcello Tonelli, John W Stanifer
Kidney disease has been described as the most neglected chronic disease. Reliable estimates of the global burden of kidney disease require more population-based studies, but specific risks occur across the socioeconomic spectrum from poverty to affluence, from malnutrition to obesity, in agrarian to post-industrial settings, and along the life course from newborns to older people. A range of communicable and noncommunicable diseases result in renal complications and many people who have kidney disease lack access to care...
June 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904219/dixon-chibanda-grandmothers-help-to-scale-up-mental-health-care
#6
(no author information available yet)
Dixon Chibanda developed the Friendship Bench approach to mental health care in Zimbabwe. He tells Fiona Fleck how he is taking the innovative approach to other countries.
June 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903046/innovative-health-financing-for-refugees
#7
Paul Spiegel, Rebecca Chanis, Antonio Trujillo
BACKGROUND: More than 65 million persons are currently forcibly displaced, of whom more than 22 million are refugees. Conflicts are increasing, and existing ones are becoming more protracted; a refugee remains a refugee for more than 10 years. Funding for refugee assistance comes primarily from high-income countries after an emergency has occurred. The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees spent approximately 12% of its budget on health, nutrition, food security, water, and sanitation in 2016...
June 15, 2018: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902514/principles-of-inflammasome-priming-and-inhibition-implications-for-psychiatric-disorders
#8
REVIEW
Francis J Herman, Giulio Maria Pasinetti
The production of inflammatory proteins by the innate immune system is a tightly orchestrated procedure that allows the body to efficiently respond to exogenous and endogenous threats. Recently, accumulating evidence has indicated that disturbances in the inflammatory response system not only provoke autoimmune disorders, but also can have deleterious effects on neuronal function and mental health. As inflammation in the brain is primarily mediated by microglia, there has been an expanding focus on the mechanisms through which these cells initiate and propagate neuroinflammation...
June 11, 2018: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902358/nurse-led-interventions-for-hypertension-a-scoping-review-with-implications-for-evidence-based-practice
#9
Lori A Spies, Susan Gerding Bader, Jackline G Opollo, Jennifer Gray
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is the leading preventable contributor to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, affecting 1 billion people globally. Low- and middle-income countries have increasing rates of hypertension, much of it undiagnosed. AIMS: The purpose of the project is to review studies of nurse-led hypertension interventions that have been implemented in East Africa and to inform hypertension interventions in low-resource settings. METHODS: A scoping review was conducted following Arksey and O'Malley's (2005) format...
June 14, 2018: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900849/-health-data
#10
Dominique Polton
Healthcare is considered as one of the most promising areas where big data can be applied to foster innovation for the benefit of patients and of the whole system. Healthcare analytics have the potential to accelerate R&D, increase knowledge on diseases and risk factors, improve treatments, develop personalised medicine, help physicians with decision support systems… The access to data is also a driving force for patients' empowerment and for the democratic debate. However, there are also concerns about the societal, economic and ethic impacts of this wave of digitization and of the growing use of data, algorithms and artificial intelligence...
May 2018: Médecine Sciences: M/S
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900563/microbiota-and-dose-response-evolving-paradigm-of-health-triangle
#11
Margaret Coleman, Christopher Elkins, Bradford Gutting, Emmanuel Mongodin, Gloria Solano-Aguilar, Isabel Walls
SRA Dose-Response and Microbial Risk Analysis Specialty Groups jointly sponsored symposia that addressed the intersections between the "microbiome revolution" and dose response. Invited speakers presented on innovations and advances in gut and nasal microbiota (normal microbial communities) in the first decade after the Human Microbiome Project began. The microbiota and their metabolites are now known to influence health and disease directly and indirectly, through modulation of innate and adaptive immune systems and barrier function...
June 13, 2018: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900477/the-use-of-biosimilars-in-the-middle-east-review-article
#12
REVIEW
Nazar AbdulLateef Jassim, Yasameen Abbas Humadi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Biosimilars are of growing importance worldwide, and many leading countries are introducing them in their health care systems and are using them in many fields of medicine owing to their low price tags in comparison with the brands and to their similarities in terms of function and side effects. So we cannot look past them and continue to rely on the innovator drugs since many had proven their efficacies in number of researches and Trials, not to mention the burden that many diseases pose on the budgets of the third world countries making using a lower priced alternatives a much appealing choice for the decision makers...
June 13, 2018: Current Rheumatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899264/the-late-stages-of-melanogenesis-exploring-the-chemical-facets-and-the-application-opportunities
#13
REVIEW
Lucia Panzella, Atsuko Ebato, Alessandra Napolitano, Kenzo Koike
In the last decade, the late stages of melanin biosynthesis involving the oxidative polymerization of 5,6-dihydroxyindole (DHI) and 5,6-dihydroxyindole-2-carboxylic acid (DHICA) have been extensively investigated. Most of the information derived from a biomimetic approach in which the oxidation of melanogenic indoles was carried out under conditions mimicking those occurring in the biological environment. Characterization of the early oligomers allowed for drawing a structural picture of DHI and DHICA melanins, providing also an interpretative basis for the different properties exhibited by these pigments, e...
June 13, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898811/critical-reflection-a-general-practice-support-group-experience
#14
Sophia Samuel, Heather Thompson
The problem of medical practitioner burnout and loss of morale remains an ongoing challenge in the Australian health workforce. Collegiate recommendations are individualistic or personalised, or worse, punitive. Critical reflection in supervision is a long-accepted and key aspect of social work theory and practice. The use of critical reflection within a general practitioner support group is examined and key learnings from our findings over 3years are discussed. All participants reported the group enhanced individual and team workplace satisfaction, and wellbeing...
June 14, 2018: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898671/a-study-protocol-of-older-person-s-exercise-and-nutrition-study-open-a-sit-to-stand-activity-combined-with-oral-protein-supplement-effects-on-physical-function-and-independence-a-cluster-randomized-clinical-trial
#15
Helena Grönstedt, Sofia Vikström, Tommy Cederholm, Erika Franzén, Åke Seiger, Anders Wimo, Gerd Faxén-Irving, Anne-Marie Boström
BACKGROUND: Poor nutrition and age per see add to the development of sarcopenia, i.e. loss of muscle mass and strength, which contributes to increased risk of impaired activities of daily living (ADL) and reduced independence. Protein deficiency plays an important role in the development of sarcopenia. In order to increase the muscle mass protein intake should be combined with physical exercise. A daily physical activity, the sit-to-stand exercise, has been proven to decrease older persons' dependence in ADL...
June 7, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897921/economic-evaluations-of-ehealth-technologies-a-systematic-review
#16
Chiranjeev Sanyal, Paul Stolee, Don Juzwishin, Don Husereau
BACKGROUND: Innovations in eHealth technologies have the potential to help older adults live independently, maintain their quality of life, and to reduce their health system dependency and health care expenditure. The objective of this study was to systematically review and appraise the quality of cost-effectiveness or utility studies assessing eHealth technologies in study populations involving older adults. METHODS: We systematically searched multiple databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, NHS EED, and PsycINFO) for peer-reviewed studies published in English from 2000 to 2016 that examined cost-effectiveness (or utility) of eHealth technologies...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897455/celebrity-endorsed-music-videos-innovation-to-foster-youth-health-promotion
#17
A J Macnab, R Mukisa
There are calls for innovation in health promotion and for current issues to be presented in new and exciting ways; in addition to creating engaging messages, novel ways to deliver health messaging are needed, especially where youth are the key target audience. When pupils in WHO Health Promoting Schools were asked what health messages would resonate with them, they also identified celebrities as the 'messengers' they would be particularly likely to listen to. Expanding on these discussions, the pupils quoted celebrity-recorded music videos containing health and lifestyle messaging as an example of where they had learned from celebrities...
June 11, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896450/a-step-toward-timely-referral-and-early-diagnosis-of-cancer-implementation-and-impact-on-knowledge-of-a-primary-care-based-training-program-in-botswana
#18
Neo M Tapela, Michael J Peluso, Racquel E Kohler, Irene I Setlhako, Kerapetse Botebele, Kemiso Gabegwe, Isaac Nkele, Mohan Narasimhamurthy, Mompati Mmalane, Surbhi Grover, Tomer Barak, Lawrence N Shulman, Shahin Lockman, Scott Dryden-Peterson
Introduction: Health system delays in diagnosis of cancer contribute to the glaring disparities in cancer mortality between high-income countries and low- and middle-income countries. In Botswana, approximately 70% of cancers are diagnosed at late stage and median time from first health facility visit for cancer-related symptoms to specialty cancer care was 160 days (IQR 59-653). We describe the implementation and early outcomes of training targeting primary care providers, which is a part of a multi-component implementation study in Kweneng-East district aiming to enhance timely diagnosis of cancers...
2018: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896313/diabetes-care-in-figures-current-pitfalls-and-future-scenario
#19
REVIEW
Alexandre Assuane Duarte, Shahriar Mohsin, Olga Golubnitschaja
Diabetes mellitus (DM) epidemic-on a global scale-is a major and snowballing threat to public health, healthcare systems and economy, due to the cascade of pathologies triggered in a long-term manner after the DM manifestation. There are remarkable differences in the geographic disease spread and acceleration of an increasing DM prevalence recorded. Specifically, the highest initial prevalence of DM was recorded in the Eastern-Mediterranean region in 1980 followed by the highest acceleration of the epidemic characterised by 0...
June 2018: EPMA Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896312/preventive-predictive-and-personalized-medicine-for-effective-and-affordable-cancer-care
#20
REVIEW
Jaak Ph Janssens, Klaus Schuster, Andreas Voss
Preventive, predictive, and personalized medicine (PPPM) has created a wealth of new opportunities but added also new complexities and challenges. The European Cancer Prevention Organization already embraced unanimously molecular biology for primary and secondary prevention. The rapidly exploding genomic language and complexity of methods face oncologists with exponentially growing knowledge they need to assess and apply. Tissue specimen quality becomes one major concern. Some new innovative medicines cost beyond any reasonable threshold of financial support from patients, health care providers, and governments and risk sustainability for the health care system...
June 2018: EPMA Journal
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