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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632204/successful-pharmacotherapy-for-the-treatment-of-severe-feeding-aversion-with-mechanistic-insights-from-cross-species-neuronal-remodeling
#1
W G Sharp, A G Allen, K H Stubbs, K K Criado, R Sanders, C E McCracken, R G Parsons, L Scahill, S L Gourley
Pediatric feeding disorders affect up to 5% of children, causing severe food intake problems that can result in serious medical and developmental outcomes. Behavioral intervention (BI) is effective in extinguishing feeding aversions, and also expert-dependent, time/labor-intensive and not well understood at a neurobiological level. Here we first conducted a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial comparing BI with BI plus d-cycloserine (DCS). DCS is a partial N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor agonist shown to augment extinction therapies in multiple anxiety disorders...
June 20, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630295/application-of-metabolic-controls-for-the-maximization-of-lipid-production-in-semicontinuous-fermentation
#2
Jingyang Xu, Nian Liu, Kangjian Qiao, Sebastian Vogg, Gregory Stephanopoulos
Acetic acid can be generated through syngas fermentation, lignocellulosic biomass degradation, and organic waste anaerobic digestion. Microbial conversion of acetate into triacylglycerols for biofuel production has many advantages, including low-cost or even negative-cost feedstock and environmental benefits. The main issue stems from the dilute nature of acetate produced in such systems, which is costly to be processed on an industrial scale. To tackle this problem, we established an efficient bioprocess for converting dilute acetate into lipids, using the oleaginous yeast Yarrowia lipolytica in a semicontinuous system...
June 19, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627261/maternal-psychological-distress-and-perceived-impact-on-child-feeding-practices-in-south-kivu-dr-congo
#3
Jillian A Emerson, Wietse Tol, Laura E Caulfield, Shannon Doocy
BACKGROUND: Maternal mental health problems are associated with poor child growth and suboptimal child feeding practices, yet little qualitative research has been conducted to understand mothers' perceptions about how maternal mental ill health and child nutrition are related. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to understand maternal perceptions on sources of psychological distress, and how distress impacts functioning, especially related to childcare and feeding practices among mothers of young children in South Kivu, DR Congo...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627126/consumption-of-obesogenic-foods-in-non-hispanic-black-mother-infant-dyads
#4
Melissa C Kay, Heather Wasser, Linda S Adair, Amanda L Thompson, Anna Maria Siega-Riz, Chirayath M Suchindran, Margaret E Bentley
Obesity continues to be a problem in the United States. Of particular concern is the epidemic of early childhood obesity. A significant predictor of child diet is maternal diet, but little is known about this relationship during infancy. This study examined the association between maternal and infant consumption of key food groups from 6 to 18 months using data from the Infant Care, Feeding, and Risk of Obesity Study, a prospective cohort of 217 non-Hispanic black, low-income, first-time mothers. Using data from 24-hr dietary recalls collected during in-home visits at 6, 9, 12, and 18 months, we assessed longitudinal associations between mother and child intake of both energy-dense, nutrient-poor (obesogenic) food groups and fibre-, nutrient-rich food groups using random intercept logistic regression...
June 18, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626252/amelioration-of-arsenic-induced-toxic-effects-in-mice-by-dietary-supplementation-of-syzygium-cumini-leaf-extract
#5
Milan Barai, Nazmul Ahsan, Nilanjana Paul, Khaled Hossain, Mohammad Abdur Rashid, Masashi Kato, Nobutaka Ohgami, Anwarul Azim Akhand
Arsenic created a serious public health problem in Bangladesh due to its presence in groundwater and dissemination of the toxic effects to millions of people. The scarcity of the treatment options to manage this affected population has made the situation much worse. To find a promising treatment option, this study was undertaken to examine the ameliorating roles of Syzygium cumini leaf extract (SLE) against arsenic-induced toxic effects in mice. Swiss albino mice were divided into four groups where 'control' group received pure water + normal feed, 'arsenic (As)' group received sodium arsenite (NaAsO2)-containing water (10 μg/g body weight/day) + normal feed, 'As+SLE' group received NaAsO2-containing water + feed supplemented with SLE (50 µg/g body weight/day) and finally the 'SLE' group received pure water + feed supplemented with SLE...
February 2017: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625861/the-policy-effects-of-feed-in-tariff-and-renewable-portfolio-standard-a-case-study-of-china-s-waste-incineration-power-industry
#6
Zhao Xin-Gang, Zhang Yu-Zhuo, Ren Ling-Zhi, Zuo Yi, Wu Zhi-Gong
Among the regulatory policies, feed-in tariffs (FIT) and renewable portfolio standards (RPS) are the most popular to promote the development of renewable energy power industry. They can significantly contribute to the expansion of domestic industrial activities in terms of sustainable energy. This paper uses system dynamics (SD) to establish models of long-term development of China's waste incineration power industry under FIT and RPS schemes, and provides a case study by using scenario analysis method. The model, on the one hand, not only clearly shows the complex logical relationship between the factors but also assesses policy effects of the two policy tools in the development of the industry...
June 15, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622790/early-life-risk-factors-identified-for-owner-reported-feline-overweight-and-obesity-at-around-two-years-of-age
#7
E C Rowe, W J Browne, R A Casey, T J Gruffydd-Jones, J K Murray
Obesity is considered the second most common health problem in pet cats in developed countries. This study used prospective data from a longitudinal study of pet cats ('C.L.A.W.S.', www.bristol.ac.uk/vetscience/claws) to identify early-life risk factors for feline overweight/obesity occurring at around two years of age. Data were collected via five owner-completed questionnaires (for cats aged two-six months, six months, 12 months, 18 months and two years respectively) completed between May 2011 and April 2015...
August 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620597/feeding-problems-and-their-underlying-mechanisms-in-the-esophageal-atresia-tracheoesophageal-fistula-patient
#8
REVIEW
Lisa Mahoney, Rachel Rosen
Feeding difficulties such as dysphagia, coughing, choking, or vomiting during meals, slow eating, oral aversion, food refusal, and stressful mealtimes are common in children with repaired esophageal atresia (EA) and the reasons for this are often multifactorial. The aim of this review is to describe the possible underlying mechanisms contributing to feeding difficulties in patients with EA and approaches to management. Underlying mechanisms for these feeding difficulties include esophageal dysphagia, oropharyngeal dysphagia and aspiration, and aversions related to prolonged gastrostomy tube feeding...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619149/abortion-and-mortality-in-farm-mink-neovison-vison-associated-with-feed-born-clostridium-limosum
#9
Anne Sofie Hammer, Lars Andresen, Bent Aalbæk, Peter Damborg, Vilhelm Weiss, Mette Line Christiansen, Søren Selsing, Martin Iain Bahl
Disease in mink clinically characterized by abortion and increased mortality among pregnant female mink on 28 Danish farms was observed during April and May 2015. Most of these farms suffered extensive disease problems, including a significant increase in the number of mated females without litters. Pathological, microbiological and molecular biological methods were applied to investigate the cause of disease. Necropsies of animals found dead revealed fragile and partially dissolved (liquefying) uterine tissue, with the presence of Gram positive rod-shaped bacteria...
May 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617604/directional-emission-from-dielectric-leaky-wave-nanoantennas
#10
Manuel Peter, Andre Hildebrandt, Christian Schlickriede, Kimia Gharib, Thomas Zentgraf, Jens Förstner, Stefan Linden
An important source of innovation in nanophotonics is the idea to scale down known radio wave technologies to the optical regime. One thoroughly investigated example of this approach are metallic nanoantennas which employ plasmonic resonances to couple localized emitters to selected far-field modes. While metals can be treated as perfect conductors in the microwave regime, their response becomes Drude-like at optical frequencies. Thus, plasmonic nanoantennas are inherently lossy. Moreover, their resonant nature requires precise control of the antenna geometry...
June 21, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617268/hydrochemical-characterization-of-a-river-affected-by-acid-mine-drainage-in-the-iberian-pyrite-belt
#11
J A Grande, M Santisteban, T Valente, M L de la Torre, P Gomes
This paper addresses the modelling of the processes associated with acid mine drainage affecting the Trimpancho River basin, chosen for this purpose because of its location and paradigmatic hydrological, geological, mining and environmental contexts. By using physical-chemical indicators it is possible to define the contamination degree of the system from the perspective of an entire river basin, due to its reduced dimension. This allows an exhaustive monitoring of the study area, considering the particularity that the stream flows directly into a water dam used for human supply...
June 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616537/congenital-arch-vessel-anomalies-in-charge-syndrome-a-frequent-feature-with-risk-for-co-morbidity
#12
Nicole Corsten-Janssen, Conny M A van Ravenswaaij-Arts, Livia Kapusta
BACKGROUND: CHARGE syndrome is a complex multiple congenital malformation disorder with variable expression that is caused by mutations in the CHD7 gene. Variable heart defects occur in 74% of patients with a CHD7 mutation, with an overrepresentation of atrioventricular septal defects and conotruncal defects - including arch vessel anomalies. METHODS AND RESULTS: We report an index patient with an arch vessel anomaly underlying serious feeding problems that resolved after arch vessel surgery...
September 2016: IJC Heart & Vasculature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616433/medication-errors-in-patients-with-enteral-feeding-tubes-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#13
Seyed Mojtaba Sohrevardi, Mohammad Hossein Jarahzadeh, Ehsan Mirzaei, Mahtabalsadat Mirjalili, Arefeh Dehghani Tafti, Behrooz Heydari
OBJECTIVE: Most patients admitted to Intensive Care Units (ICU) have problems in using oral medication or ingesting solid forms of drugs. Selecting the most suitable dosage form in such patients is a challenge. The current study was conducted to assess the frequency and types of errors of oral medication administration in patients with enteral feeding tubes or suffering swallowing problems. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed in the ICU of Shahid Sadoughi Hospital, Yazd, Iran...
April 2017: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616424/evaluation-of-1-year-old-children-development-in-isfahan-city-and-its-effective-factors-using-ages-and-stages-questionnaire-in-2014
#14
Mehri Rejali, Soheila Pahlavni, Akbar Hassanzadeh
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Attention to the development of children as the future generation that leads to the upbringing of productive human resources is an important subject. Development has dimensions that a child should acquire the skills related to them in proper age. Otherwise, he may be affected by developmental delays. There are different factors influencing children's developmental delays and this study is carried out to evaluate the developmental conditions of 1-year-old children in the Isfahan and its effective factors...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615070/a-randomised-clinical-trial-of-a-metaphylactic-treatment-with-tildipirosin-for-bovine-respiratory-disease-in-veal-calves
#15
J Berman, D Francoz, J Dubuc, S Buczinski
BACKGROUND: Bovine respiratory disease (BRD) is a major problem in veal calf rearing units. The objective of this randomised clinical trial was to assess the effectiveness of tildipirosin as a metaphylactic treatment in veal calves on the number of BRD treatments, lung consolidation on thoracic ultrasonography (TUS) and average daily gain (ADG). A total of 209 veal calves from a pre-weaning fattening unit were randomly allocated to receive one of two treatments (tildipirosin 4 mg/kg, subcutaneously, n = 109; placebo 0...
June 14, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612549/-precision-medicine-in-obesity-research-and-practice
#16
REVIEW
She-Yu Li, Shuang-Qing Li
Obesity now already becomes a critical health problem in our country and the world. Since the genomic and biochemical technology has developed in the era of precision medicine, great progression has been achieved in the field of obesity research and clinical practice. Obesity is considered to be a series of diseases with high heterogeneity beyond expectations, which brings up the challenges on its diagnosis and classification. Predictive models for obesity remain absent in clinical practice and commercial use...
January 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611576/maternal-different-degrees-of-iodine-deficiency-during-pregnant-and-lactation-impair-the-development-of-cerebellar-pinceau-in-offspring
#17
Jing Dong, Heling Song, Yuan Wang, Min Li, Ye Yu, Yi Wang, Jie Chen
Aims: Iodine is critical for synthesis of thyroid hormones (TH). And iodine deficiency (ID) is one of the most significant reasons of intellectual disability and motor memory impairment, although the potential mechanisms are still under investigation. Presently, mild ID and marginal ID are largely ignored problems for women of child bearing age. Mild ID is a subtle form of TH deficiency, which shows low levels of free thyroxine (FT4) and relatively normal free triiodothyronine (FT3) or thyroid stimulation hormone (TSH)...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610570/exploring-infant-feeding-practices-cross-sectional-surveys-of-south-western-sydney-singapore-and-ho-chi-minh-city
#18
Timothy Yong Qun Leow, Andrew Ung, Shelley Qian, Jessie Thanh Nguyen, Yvonne An, Poonam Mudgil, John Whitehall
BACKGROUND: Infant feeding practices are known to influence the child's long-term health. Studies have associated obesity and other diseases with reduced breastfeeding and early introduction of high calorie beverages (HCBs). The rising prevalence of obesity is already a problem in most developed countries, especially Australia, but cultural differences are influential. Our aim is to examine and compare infant feeding practices and educational levels of respondents through questionnaires in three culturally different sites: Campbelltown (South Western Sydney), Australia, Singapore and Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam (HCMC)...
June 13, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610525/baby-symptom-checker
#19
(no author information available yet)
A new online baby symptom checker has been launched by Nutricia Early Life Nutrition to enhance conversations between healthcare professionals and parents about common feeding problems.
June 14, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608841/occurrence-toxicity-and-analysis-of-major-mycotoxins-in-food
#20
REVIEW
Ahmad Alshannaq, Jae-Hyuk Yu
Mycotoxins are toxic secondary metabolites produced by certain filamentous fungi (molds). These low molecular weight compounds (usually less than 1000 Daltons) are naturally occurring and practically unavoidable. They can enter our food chain either directly from plant-based food components contaminated with mycotoxins or by indirect contamination from the growth of toxigenic fungi on food. Mycotoxins can accumulate in maturing corn, cereals, soybeans, sorghum, peanuts, and other food and feed crops in the field and in grain during transportation...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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