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feeding problems

J A Virizuela, M Camblor-Álvarez, L M Luengo-Pérez, E Grande, J Álvarez-Hernández, M J Sendrós-Madroño, P Jiménez-Fonseca, M Cervera-Peris, M J Ocón-Bretón
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is a frequent medical problem of cancer patients that negatively impacts their quality of life. METHODS: A multidisciplinary group of experts in Medical Oncology, Pharmacy, and Nutrition convened to discuss the management of the nutritional support in cancer patients. RESULTS: Of the 18 questions addressed, 9 focused on nutritional support, 5 were related to parenteral nutrition (PN) and 4 about home PN (HPN). The panel of experts recommends using nutritional screening routinely, at diagnosis and throughout the disease course, for detecting the risk of malnutrition and, if it is positive, to perform a complete nutritional assessment, to diagnose malnutrition...
October 17, 2017: Clinical & Translational Oncology
Manasi M Mittinty, John Lee, Amanda C de C Williams, Natasha Curran
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To improve care and management of patients with chronic pain it is important to understand patients' experiences of treatment, and of the people and the environment involved. As chronic pain patients often have long relationships with medical clinics and pain management centres, the team and team interactions with the patients could impact the treatment outcome. The aim of this study was to elicit as honest as possible an account of chronic pain patients' experiences associated with their care and feed this information back to the clinical team as motivation for improvement...
October 14, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
Xiayuan Yao, Bingyuan Liang, Ming Bai
In space-borne quasi-optical feed system, frequency selective surface (FSS) should meet both electrical properties and mechanical requirements. In the paper, we design and fabricate three FSSs to achieve these goals. We present a novel FFS with phase compensation structure correcting the beam distortion. The phase compensation structure consists of short-ended circular waveguide array, inspired by the idea of reflect array antenna. The first FSS meets the need of electrical performance, however, which is too weak to pass the mechanical test...
September 18, 2017: Optics Express
Sivalee Trakulvichean, Pawinee Chaiprasert, Julia Otmakhova, Warinthorn Songkasiri
Cassava is one of the main processed crops in Thailand, but this generates large amounts (7.3 million tons in 2015) of waste cassava pulp (WCP). The solid WCP is sold directly to farmers or pulp-drying companies at a low cost to reduce the burden of on-site waste storage. Using an integrated direct and environmental cost model, fermented animal feed and mushroom growth media were compared as added-value waste management alternatives for WCP to mitigate environmental problems. Primary and secondary data were collected from the literature, field data, and case studies...
October 1, 2017: Waste Management & Research
Maria Elena D Jefferds
Accelerating progress to improve complementary feeding of young children is a global priority. Strengthening monitoring through government information systems may increase the quality and implementation of infant and young child feeding (IYCF) programs. Monitoring is necessary for the effective implementation of programs as it allows program managers to assess program performance, identify problems, and take corrective action. Program descriptions and conceptual models explain how program inputs and activities should lead to outputs and outcomes, and ultimately public health impact; thus, they are critical tools when designing effective IYCF programs and monitoring systems as these descriptions and conceptual models form the basis for the program and are key for developing the monitoring system, indicators, and tools...
October 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Marti J van Liere, Dessie Tarlton, Ravi Menon, M Yellamanda, Ietje Reerink
Global recognition that the complex and multicausal problems of malnutrition require all players to collaborate and to invest towards the same objective has led to increased private sector engagement as exemplified through the Scaling Up Nutrition Business Network and mechanisms for blended financing and matched funding, such as the Global Nutrition for Growth Compact. The careful steps made over the past 5 to 10 years have however not taken away or reduced the hesitation and scepticism of the public sector actors towards commercial or even social businesses...
October 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Melanie Streicher, Rainer Wirth, Karin Schindler, Cornel Christian Sieber, Michael Hiesmayr, Dorothee Volkert
OBJECTIVES: Dysphagia is a major healthcare problem as it increases the risk of malnutrition, dehydration, aspiration pneumonia, and death. The aims of this analysis of data from nursing homes (NHs) worldwide were to examine prevalence rates of dysphagia, to identify characteristics of residents with dysphagia, and to describe which type of nutrition residents with dysphagia receive. DESIGN: One-day cross-sectional study, repeated in yearly intervals since 2007...
October 10, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
Naoshad Muhammad, Robert Steele, T Scott Isbell, Nancy Philips, Ratna B Ray
Breast cancer is a major public health problem worldwide in women and current therapeutic strategies are not adequately effective for this deadly disease. We have previously shown the anti-proliferative activity of bitter melon extract (BME) in breast cancer cells. In this study, we observed that BME treatment induces autophagosome-bound Long chain 3 (LC3)-B and accumulates protein p62/SQSTM1 (p62) in breast cancer cells. Additionally, we observed that BME treatment in breast cancer cells increases phospho-AMPK expression and inhibits the mTOR/Akt signaling pathway...
September 12, 2017: Oncotarget
Yong Joo Kim
The rate of human milk feeding has been decreasing despite the diverse efforts of many physicians and nurses, as well as numerous professional organizations and various international health institutions. The number of physicians and nurses who can provide proper guidance for human milk feeding and offer appropriate knowledge and techniques to allow the most beneficial and convenient manner of breastfeeding is quite deficient. It is suggested that physicians and nurses be trained to teach and educate about the medical importance of human milk feeding to lactating mothers...
September 2017: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
Sucharat Buttham, Kiattisak Kongwattanakul, Natiya Jaturat, Sukree Soontrapa
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the rate of non-exclusive breastfeeding and associated factors among Thai women under the Breastfeeding Promotion Program. METHODS: This was a prospective descriptive study that involved term postpartum women who attended the Breastfeeding Clinic at Srinagarind Hospital in Thailand, from April to December 2016. Abstracted data included baseline characteristics, obstetric history, breastfeeding history, problems in breastfeeding at day 3 and 2 weeks, and feeding status at 12 weeks postpartum...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
Jinsup Kim, Sung Yoon Cho, Aram Yang, Ja-Hyun Jang, Youngbin Choi, Ji-Eun Lee, Dong-Kyu Jin
Noonan syndrome (NS) is a genetic disorder caused by autosomal dominant inheritance and is characterized by a distinctive facial appearance, short stature, chest deformity, and congenital heart disease. In individuals with NS, germline mutations have been identified in several genes involved in the RAS/mitogen-activated protein kinase signal transduction pathway. Because of its clinical and genetic heterogeneity, the conventional diagnostic protocol with Sanger sequencing requires a multistep approach. Therefore, molecular genetic diagnosis using targeted exome sequencing (TES) is considered a less expensive and faster method, particularly for patients who do not fulfill the clinical diagnostic criteria of NS...
September 2017: Annals of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism
Michal A Brichacek, Damir B Matic
OBJECTIVE: Cleft lip (CL) repair at 3 months is chosen mostly out of convention and offers minimal functional benefit. Potentially, a better cosmetic outcome is possible by delaying repair. This study examines parental perceptions around repair at 3 months to determine if current guidelines are appropriate. DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Tertiary-care institution. PARTICIPANTS: Parents of children with CL ± P under age 6 years who underwent CL repair from 2004 to 2011 at our center were surveyed (n = 64)...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Joerg C Schefold, David Berger, Patrick Zürcher, Michael Lensch, Andrea Perren, Stephan M Jakob, Ilkka Parviainen, Jukka Takala
OBJECTIVES: Swallowing disorders may be associated with adverse clinical outcomes in patients following invasive mechanical ventilation. We investigated the incidence of dysphagia, its time course, and association with clinically relevant outcomes in extubated critically ill patients. DESIGN: Prospective observational trial with systematic dysphagia screening and follow-up until 90 days or death. SETTINGS: ICU of a tertiary care academic center...
October 11, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
Yuherman, Reswati, Yulianti Fitri Kurnia, Indahwati, Khalil
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Female exotic breed cattle raised by traditional small farms are susceptible to reproductive disturbances that result in failure or delay to produce calves. The present research investigated the hematologic profiles of exotic breed cattle having reproductive troubles versus heifers and pregnant cows raised by small farms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey was conducted to identify the reproduction performance of 160 female Simmental cows raised at 15 smallholders in Payakumbuh, West Sumatra, Indonesia...
2017: Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences: PJBS
Annalisa Scollo, Flaviana Gottardo, Barbara Contiero, Sandra A Edwards
Tail biting in pigs has been an identified behavioural, welfare and economic problem for decades, and requires appropriate but sometimes difficult on-farm interventions. The aim of the paper is to introduce the Classification and Regression Tree (CRT) methodologies to develop a tool for prevention of acute tail biting lesions in pigs on-farm. A sample of 60 commercial farms rearing heavy pigs were involved; an on-farm visit and an interview with the farmer collected data on general management, herd health, disease prevention, climate control, feeding and production traits...
October 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
Qian Shang, Haifang Tang, Yinghui Wang, Kefu Yu, Liwei Wang, Ruijie Zhang, Shaopeng Wang, Rui Xue, Chaoshuai Wei
As a kind of tropical agricultural solid waste, cassava dregs had become a thorny nonpoint source pollution problem. This study investigated the feasibility of applying cassava dregs as a substitute for sucrose in biofloc technology (BFT) systems. Three types of biofloc systems (using three different carbon sources sucrose (BFT1), cassava dregs (BFT2) and enzyme-hydrolyzed cassava dregs (BFT3) respectively), and the control were constructed in this experiment in 200L tanks with a C/N ratio of 20/1. The comparison of the water quality indicators (The total ammonia nitrogen (TAN), nitrite (NO2(-)-N), nitrate (NO3(-)-N), chemical oxygen demand (COD)), biofloc for the above four groups was performed, and the results indicated that BFT3 showed greater potential to the formation of biofloc, which was beneficial for the water quality control...
October 6, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
R M Gous, A S Faulkner, H K Swatson
Various theories have been proposed to explain the reduced performance of broilers when given feeds excessively high in protein, but a satisfactory solution to this problem had, up to now, not been found. Three experiments were conducted to test the hypothesis that the efficiency of utilisation of protein (ep) is a linear-plateau function of the ratio between the feed apparent metabolisable energy and digestible crude protein contents (AMEn: DCP), and that dietary protein quality, feed allocation and sex do not influence this relationship...
October 9, 2017: British Poultry Science
Gurmeet Singh, Vivek Jain, Dheeraj Gupta
Orthopaedic bone drilling attacks the surrounded bone cells and tissues in terms of thermal and mechanical in such a way that these cells can get damaged permanently. This damage to the surrounding of drill point upsurges the rehabilitation time of injury and in some cases leads to the failure of the bone screw joint. This study is based on the optimization of multiple response characteristics to minimize the damage during the bone drilling. All real-life problems, including bone drilling, require the multiple response optimization for getting a combined optimization result for all countable response characteristics...
October 1, 2017: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
T Vivekanandan, N Ch Sriman Narayana Iyengar
Enormous data growth in multiple domains has posed a great challenge for data processing and analysis techniques. In particular, the traditional record maintenance strategy has been replaced in the healthcare system. It is vital to develop a model that is able to handle the huge amount of e-healthcare data efficiently. In this paper, the challenging tasks of selecting critical features from the enormous set of available features and diagnosing heart disease are carried out. Feature selection is one of the most widely used pre-processing steps in classification problems...
September 19, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
Lina Maria Matthies, Stephanie Wallwiener, Mitho Müller, Anne Doster, Katharina Plewniok, Sandra Feller, Christof Sohn, Markus Wallwiener, Corinna Reck
Maternal self-confidence has become an essential concept in understanding early disturbances in the mother-child relationship. Recent research suggests that maternal self-confidence may be associated with maternal mental health and infant development. The current study investigated the dynamics of maternal self-confidence during the first four months postpartum and the predictive ability of maternal symptoms of depression, anxiety, and early regulatory problems in infants. Questionnaires assessing symptoms of depression (Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale), anxiety (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory), and early regulatory problems (Questionnaire for crying, sleeping and feeding) were completed in a sample of 130 women at three different time points (third trimester (T1), first week postpartum (T2), and 4 months postpartum (T3)...
October 5, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
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