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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682749/stable-gastric-pentadecapeptide-bpc-157-in-honeybee-apis-mellifera-therapy-to-control-nosema-ceranae-invasions-in-apiary-conditions
#1
I Tlak Gajger, J Ribarić, M Smodiš Škerl, J Vlainić, P Sikirić
Nosema ceranae can cause major problems, such as immune suppression, gut epithelial cell degeneration, reduced honeybee lifespan, or suddenly colony collapse. As a novel approach in therapy, we hypothesize the stable gastric pentadecapeptide BPC 157 in honeybee therapy, to control N. ceranae invasions in apiary conditions: BPC 157 treated sugar syrup (0.25 L sugar syrup supplemented with 0.1 μg/ml BPC 157), as well as the pure sugar syrup (0.25 L sugar syrup; control), was administered to honeybee colonies in feeders situated under the roof of the hives, during 21 consecutive days, at the end of beekeeping season...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681694/laparoscopic-ladd-s-procedure-in-children-challenges-results-and-problems
#2
A Suyodhan Reddy, Rasik S Shah, Dattaguru R Kulkarni
Background: Laparoscopic correction of malrotation in children is challenging. Authors review their experience with indications, results and problems of laparoscopic correction of malrotation. Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective study of 41 cases of children who were diagnosed as Intestinal malrotation on clinical and radiological evaluation. Results: Successful laparoscopic Ladd's procedure was accomplished in 35 cases. There were six conversions to open surgery...
April 2018: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681106/van-maldergem-syndrome-and-hennekam-syndrome-further-delineation-of-allelic-phenotypes
#3
Ivan Ivanovski, Susan Akbaroghli, Marzia Pollazzon, Chiara Gelmini, Stefano Giuseppe Caraffi, Mahboubeh Mansouri, Zahra Chavoshzadeh, Simonetta Rosato, Valeria Polizzi, Giancarlo Gargano, Marielle Alders, Livia Garavelli, Raoul C Hennekam
Biallelic variants in FAT4 are associated with the two disorders, Van Maldergem syndrome (VMS) (n = 11) and Hennekam syndrome (HS) (n= 40). Both conditions are characterized by a typical facial gestalt and mild to moderate intellectual disability, but differ in the occurrence of neonatal hypotonia and feeding problems, hearing loss, tracheal anomalies, and osteopenia in VMS, and lymphedema in HS. VMS can be caused by autosomal recessive variants in DCHS1 as well, and HS can also be caused by autosomal recessive variants in CCBE1 and ADAMTS3...
May 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681103/comparison-of-perinatal-factors-in-deletion-versus-uniparental-disomy-in-prader-willi-syndrome
#4
June-Anne Gold, Ranim Mahmoud, Suzanne B Cassidy, Virginia Kimonis
Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is caused by a deficiency of imprinted genes in the 15q11-q13 region and is characterized by prenatal onset of hypotonia, poor feeding, childhood-onset obesity, hyperphagia, short stature, facial dysmorphism, intellectual disability, and behavioral problems. We studied perinatal factors in a cohort of 64 people with PWS resulting from paternal deletion of 15q11-q13 and maternal uniparental disomy (UPD) for chromosome 15. We recruited 34 individuals with deletion and 30 with UPD. We compared the frequency of multiple prenatal and neonatal factors with the general population as well as between the two genetic subtypes...
May 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678290/orexin-a-and-endocannabinoid-signaling-regulate-glucose-responsive-arcuate-nucleus-neurons-and-feeding-behavior-in-obese-rats
#5
Dandan Yang, Luo Xu, Feifei Guo, Xiangrong Sun, Di Zhang, Mi Wang
Obesity is a global public health problem. Orexin and endocannabinoid signaling in the hypothalamus have been shown to regulate feeding and are promising molecular targets for obesity treatment. In this study, we attempted to analyze effects of orexin-A and endocannabinoid signaling modulation in the arcuate nucleus (Arc) on feeding and glucose-responsive (GR) neurons physiology in a diet-induced obesity (DIO) and diet-induced obesity resistant (DR) rat model. Administration of orexin-A or cannabinoid receptor type-1 (CB1 R) antagonist AM251 altered the firing of GR neurons in the Arc...
April 6, 2018: Neuropeptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676122/-quality-control-of-guci-tablets-using-uplc-elsd-fingerprint-analysis-coupled-with-chemometrics
#6
Ya-Dan Wang, Zhong Dai, Cai-Lin Sun, Xian-Fu Wu, Shuang-Cheng Ma
Ultra-performance liquid chromatography-evaporative light scattering detection (UPLC-ELSD) fingerprint analysis method was established for quality control of Guci tablets. Chromatographic separation was performed on Waters Acquity UPLC BEH C₁₈ column (2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm) at 30 °C of column temperature. Acetonitrile-0.1% formic acid solution was adopted as mobile phase for gradient elution. The flow rate was set at 0.3 mL·min⁻¹, and the injection volume was 3 μL. Detection was carried out on an ELSD with a nitrogen pressure of 0...
March 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675593/prevalence-of-pica-and-rumination-behaviors-in-german-children-aged-7-14-and-their-associations-with-feeding-eating-and-general-psychopathology-a-population-based-study
#7
Andrea S Hartmann, Tanja Poulain, Mandy Vogel, Andreas Hiemisch, Wieland Kiess, Anja Hilbert
Despite potentially severe medical consequences of pica and rumination disorder (RD), little is known about their prevalence and association with other psychopathology in childhood. As a part of a larger population-based study, 804 children aged 7-14 years and their parents were asked about their experience of pica and RD behaviors, and associated eating, feeding and general psychopathology. A total of 12.31 and 11.49% of the participants reported having engaged in pica or RD behaviors, respectively, at least once...
April 19, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674313/key-lessons-and-impact-of-the-growing-healthy-mhealth-program-on-milk-feeding-timing-of-introduction-of-solids-and-infant-growth-quasi-experimental-study
#8
Rachel A Laws, Elizabeth A Denney-Wilson, Sarah Taki, Catherine G Russell, Miaobing Zheng, Eloise-Kate Litterbach, Kok-Leong Ong, Sharyn J Lymer, Rosalind Elliott, Karen J Campbell
BACKGROUND: The first year of life is an important window to initiate healthy infant feeding practices to promote healthy growth. Interventions delivered by mobile phone (mHealth) provide a novel approach for reaching parents; however, little is known about the effectiveness of mHealth for child obesity prevention. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the feasibility and effectiveness of an mHealth obesity prevention intervention in terms of reach, acceptability, and impact on key infant feeding outcomes...
April 19, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669494/an-epidemiological-investigation-of-an-idiopathic-myopathy-in-hunting-dogs-in-new-zealand
#9
H Hunt, N J Cave, B D Gartrell, N Cogger, J Petersen, W D Roe
AIM: To conduct an epidemiological investigation of an idiopathic myopathy, known as "Go Slow" (GSM), which was initially recognised in dogs used for pig hunting. A secondary aim was to describe the hunting activities, diet and health of dogs used for pig hunting in New Zealand. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted between June 2014-June 2017. Cases of GSM in dogs were diagnosed by veterinarians using a combination of clinical history, physical examination findings, serum biochemistry and/or skeletal muscle histology...
April 18, 2018: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666141/examining-the-effectiveness-of-consuming-flour-made-from-agronomically-biofortified-wheat-zincol-2016-nr-421-for-improving-zn-status-in-women-in-a-low-resource-setting-in-pakistan-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-double-blind-controlled-cross-over-trial-bizifed
#10
Nicola M Lowe, Muhammad Jaffar Khan, Martin R Broadley, Munir H Zia, Harry J McArdle, Edward J M Joy, Heather Ohly, Babar Shahzad, Ubaid Ullah, Gul Kabana, Rashid Medhi, Mukhtiar Zaman Afridi
INTRODUCTION: Dietary zinc (Zn) deficiency is a global problem, particularly in low-income and middle-income countries where access to rich, animal-source foods of Zn is limited due to poverty. In Pakistan, Zn deficiency affects over 40% of the adult female population, resulting in suboptimal immune status and increased likelihood of complications during pregnancy. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We are conducting a double-blind, randomised controlled feeding study with cross-over design in a low-resource setting in Pakistan...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659957/dietary-fermentable-fibers-attenuate-chronic-kidney-disease-in-mice-by-protecting-the-intestinal-barrier
#11
Tran Van Hung, Takuya Suzuki
Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a worldwide health problem. Although the pathogenesis of CKD is still unclear, recent studies suggest that systemic inflammation caused by a dysregulated microflora and an impaired intestinal barrier is involved in CKD development. Objective: We investigated the effects of the fermentable dietary fibers (DFs), unmodified guar gum (GG), and partially hydrolyzed GG (PHGG) (i.e., substances with distinct viscosity characteristics) on CKD development, with a particular focus on colonic tight junction (TJ) barriers in mice...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659333/floc-performance-parameters-during-water-treatment-in-a-micro-vortex-flocculation-process-determined-by-machine-vision
#12
Hongling Dai, Zumin Qiu, Fengping Hu, Chao Gao, Y Frank Chen, Zheng Zhou
The coagulant dosage of an existing water plant is mainly determined based on the experience of water treatment process and influent/efflenet water quality indexes that have time hysteresis effects. To solve this problem, the effect of coagulant dosage on a number of parameters used to evaluate the efficiency of flocculation in a setup was determined by using the micro-vortex flocculation technology in conjunction with the investigation of the relation between the equivalent diameter and the fractal dimension...
April 16, 2018: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657396/projected-economic-losses-due-to-vector-and-vector-borne-parasitic-diseases-in-livestock-of-india-and-its-significance-in-implementing-the-concept-of-integrated-practices-for-vector-management
#13
REVIEW
B W Narladkar
Broadly, species of arthropods infesting livestock are grouped into flies (biting and non-biting), fleas, lice (biting and sucking), ticks (soft and hard), and mites (burrowing, non-burrowing, and follicular). Among which, biting and non-biting flies and ticks are the potent vectors for many bacterial, viral, rickettsial, and protozoan diseases. Vectors of livestock are having economic significance on three points (1) direct losses from their bite and annoyance, worries, and psychological disturbances produced during the act of biting and feeding, (2) diseases they transmit, and (3) expenditure incurred for their control...
February 2018: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655677/an-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-study-of-a-4-herb-formula-on-the-management-of-diet-induced-metabolic-syndrome
#14
Elaine Wat, Yanping Wang, Ken Chan, Hon Wai Law, Chi Man Koon, Kit Man Lau, Ping Chung Leung, Choly Yan, Clara Bik San Lau
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome is the cluster of risk factors that leads to increased episodes of cardiovascular disease (CVD). These risk factors include but are not limited to obesity, non-alcoholic fatty liver (NAFLD), dyslipidemia, and type 2 diabetes. Since the pathogenesis of metabolic syndrome has multiple metabolic origins, there is no single treatment for it. Pharmacological approaches consist of separate drugs which target at individual risk factors which pose various side effects...
March 15, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652435/mediterranean-agro-industrial-wastes-as-valuable-substrates-for-lignocellulolytic-enzymes-and-protein-production-by-solid-state-fermentation
#15
José Manuel Salgado, Daniel Sousa, Armando Venâncio, Isabel Belo
BACKGROUND: Mediterranean agro-food industries, among which are wineries, breweries and olive mills, dispose a great amount of wastes, which generate environmental problems and have a low nutritional value to be used as animal feed. In this sense, solid-state fermentation (SSF) can increase the nutritional value of these wastes and simultaneously produce lignocellulolytic enzymes. RESULTS: All fermented wastes were enriched in protein by the three fungi studied...
April 13, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650183/the-combination-of-nebulization-and-chest-physiotherapy-improved-respiratory-status-in-children-with-pneumonia
#16
Nur Eni Lestari, Nani Nurhaeni, Siti Chodidjah
OBJECTIVE: There is controversy regarding the effectiveness of chest physiotherapy to solve airway obstruction problems experienced by children younger than five years of age with pneumonia. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of chest physiotherapy and nebulization on the respiratory status of these children. METHOD: This study was quasi-experimental with a pre- and post-test nonequivalent control group design. Thirty-four respondents selected by consecutive sampling were divided into two groups: one that received nebulization and one that received nebulization with chest physiotherapy...
February 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650060/gastrostomy-versus-nasogastric-tube-feeding-for-chemoradiation-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer-the-tube-pilot-rct
#17
Vinidh Paleri, Joanne Patterson, Nikki Rousseau, Eoin Moloney, Dawn Craig, Dimitrios Tzelis, Nina Wilkinson, Jeremy Franks, Ann Marie Hynes, Ben Heaven, David Hamilton, Teresa Guerrero-Urbano, Rachael Donnelly, Stewart Barclay, Tim Rapley, Deborah Stocken
BACKGROUND: Approximately 9000 new cases of head and neck squamous cell cancers (HNSCCs) are treated by the NHS each year. Chemoradiation therapy (CRT) is a commonly used treatment for advanced HNSCC. Approximately 90% of patients undergoing CRT require nutritional support via gastrostomy or nasogastric tube feeding. Long-term dysphagia following CRT is a primary concern for patients. The effect of enteral feeding routes on swallowing function is not well understood, and the two feeding methods have, to date (at the time of writing), not been compared...
April 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649909/-music-memory-and-improved-swallowing-in-advanced-dementia
#18
Dan Cohen, Stephen G Post, Angela Lo, Robin Lombardo, Brandon Pfeffer
Background Dysphagia and difficulty with eating affects a significant portion of individuals with advanced dementia. Such problems with oral intake can have serious health consequences including mealtime distress, dehydration and malnutrition, aspiration, reduced quality of life, and increased mortality risk. Design We present the first data indicating that "Music & Memory" interventions improve swallowing in individuals with advanced dementia, thereby making oral feeding easier and potentially diminishing reliance on PEG...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649419/factor-structure-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-neonatal-eating-assessment-tool-breastfeeding
#19
Britt Frisk Pados, Suzanne M Thoyre, Hayley H Estrem, Jinhee Park, Cara McComish
The purpose of this study was to identify the factor structure of the Neonatal Eating Assessment Tool-Breastfeeding (NeoEAT-Breastfeeding) and to assess its psychometric properties, including internal consistency reliability, test-retest reliability, and construct validity as measured by concurrent and known-groups validity. Exploratory factor analysis conducted on responses from 402 parents of breastfeeding infants younger than 7 months old showed a 62-item measure with seven subscales and acceptable internal consistency reliability (Cronbach's α = ...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627929/first-cardiac-manifestation-of-hypotonia-cystinuria-syndrome
#20
Mustafa Kılıç, Ahmet Cevdet Ceylan, Utku Arman Örün, Esra Kılıç
Hypotonia-cystinuria syndrome is a very rare autosomal recessive contiguous gene deletion syndrome of PREPL and SLC3A1 at 2p21 with neuromuscular and neuroendocrinologic presentation. We report a two-year-six-month-old affected female infant and her five-month-old affected brother with a novel homozygous deletion in SLC3A1 and PREPL gene. Both of siblings had mild facial dysmorphism, hypotonia, feeding problems, failure to thrive, developmental delay. She also had dilated cardiomyopathy which differ from other reported patients...
April 7, 2018: Metabolic Brain Disease
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