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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772989/a-systematic-review-of-all-smart-phone-applications-specifically-aimed-for-use-as-a-scoliosis-screening-tool
#1
Qais Naziri, Jadie Detolla, Westley Hayes, Steven Burekhovich, Andrew Merola, Chibukem Akamnanu, Carl B Paulino
The scoliometer is an inclinometer commonly used in scoliosis screening. The device is used during an Adam's forward bend test, in which a patient bends forward at the hips to measure deformity of the rib cage and spinal column. If a sufficient angle of rotation is measured, then the appropriate referrals and x-rays can be made and taken. This ubiquitous screening tool allows for a quick and simple scoliosis screening and is a mainstay of scoliosis management. With the advent and rapid improvement of smart phone technology, many scoliometer applications have become readily accessible...
2018: Journal of Long-term Effects of Medical Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771712/regression-the-apple-does-not-fall-far-from-the-tree
#2
Thomas R Vetter, Patrick Schober
Researchers and clinicians are frequently interested in either: (1) assessing whether there is a relationship or association between 2 or more variables and quantifying this association; or (2) determining whether 1 or more variables can predict another variable. The strength of such an association is mainly described by the correlation. However, regression analysis and regression models can be used not only to identify whether there is a significant relationship or association between variables but also to generate estimations of such a predictive relationship between variables...
May 15, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771190/distribution-of-recognition-times-to-fruity-flavor-of-gummy-candies-in-healthy-adults
#3
Satomi Miyaoka, Hajime Iwamori, Yozo Miyaoka
Times for recognition of fruity flavors in six gummy candies were measured using an electromyography-based system in 23 young healthy participants. They were instructed to chew one of the gummy candies at a random order and to press a button as soon as possible when they recognized what flavor was. The measured 181 recognition times showed two distributions, normally ( n = 107) and non-normally ( n = 74). The overall average of the normal distribution was 7.5 seconds (±2.34 seconds; standard deviation), and there were no differences in the average ratios among the gummy candies...
January 1, 2018: Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770578/effect-of-silicon-doped-calcium-phosphate-bone-grafting-materials-on-bone-regeneration-and-osteogenic-marker-expression-after-implantation-in-the-ovine-scapula
#4
Christine Knabe, Doaa Adel-Khattab, Wolf-Dietrich Hübner, Fabian Peters, Tom Knauf, Barbara Peleska, Dirk Barnewitz, Antje Genzel, Roderik Kusserow, Florian Sterzik, Michael Stiller, Christian Müller-Mai
Compared to the currently clinically available bone grafting materials for alveolar ridge augmentation, there is a great demand for bioactive bone substitutes with higher resorbability, which enhance osteogenesis at the same time. This has prompted the development of a silicon-doped rapidly resorbable calcium alkali orthophosphate (Si-CAOP) and silicon-doped β-tricalcium phosphate (Si-TCP). This study evaluated the effect of these two particulate graft materials as compared to the currently clinically used β-TCP on bone formation and osteogenic marker expression after 2 weeks, 1, 3, 6, 12, and 18 months of implantation in critical size defects in the sheep scapula...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770571/using-poly-l-lactic-acid-and-poly-%C3%A9-caprolactone-blends-to-fabricate-self-expanding-watertight-and-biodegradable-surgical-patches-for-potential-fetoscopic-myelomeningocele-repair
#5
Rigwed Tatu, Marc Oria, Sarah Pulliam, Lorenzo Signey, Marepalli B Rao, Jose L Peiro, Chia-Ying Lin
Our study focuses on the development and characterization of a self-expanding, watertight and biodegradable patch for fetoscopic myelomeningocele (MMC) prenatal repair. We fabricated poly(l-lactic acid) (PLA) and poly(ɛ-caprolactone) (PCL) blend films by solution casting. Formulation c with average glass transition temperature of 37.6 ± 1.2°C was chosen for temporospatial recovery. Favorable results from surface studies reflected homogeneous dispersion of polymers in the blend. The cytotoxicity was studied in human foreskin fibroblasts...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767753/benzaldehyde-synergizes-the-response-of-female-xyleborinus-saxesenii-coleoptera-curculionidae-scolytinae-to-ethanol
#6
Chang Yeol Yang, Junheon Kim, Hyeong-Hwan Kim
The ambrosia beetle, Xyleborinus saxesenii Ratzeburg (Coleoptera: Curculionidae, Scolytinae), infests physiologically stressed apple and peach trees in Korea. Dispersing females utilize the degradation product ethanol and host-related volatiles to locate and colonize new host trees. We examined the extent to which 12 chemicals emitted from fruit trees act synergistically with ethanol to attract X. saxesenii. The addition of benzaldehyde to ethanol significantly increased beetle attraction, although benzaldehyde was not attractive by itself...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764461/characterization-of-a-new-apple-luteovirus-identified-by-high-throughput-sequencing
#7
Huawei Liu, Liping Wu, Ekaterina Nikolaeva, Kari Peter, Zongrang Liu, Dimitre Mollov, Mengji Cao, Ruhui Li
BACKGROUND: 'Rapid Apple Decline' (RAD) is a newly emerging problem of young, dwarf apple trees in the Northeastern USA. The affected trees show trunk necrosis, cracking and canker before collapse in summer. In this study, we discovered and characterized a new luteovirus from apple trees in RAD-affected orchards using high-throughput sequencing (HTS) technology and subsequent Sanger sequencing. METHODS: Illumina NextSeq sequencing was applied to total RNAs prepared from three diseased apple trees...
May 15, 2018: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762463/hyperspectral-imaging-and-spectrometry-derived-spectral-features-for-bitter-pit-detection-in-storage-apples
#8
Sanaz Jarolmasjed, Lav R Khot, Sindhuja Sankaran
Bitter pit is one of the most important disorders in apples. Some of the fresh market apple varieties are susceptible to bitter pit disorder. In this study, visible⁻near-infrared spectrometry-based reflectance spectral data (350⁻2500 nm) were acquired from 2014, 2015 and 2016 harvest produce after 63 days of storage at 5 °C. Selected spectral features from 2014 season were used to classify the healthy and bitter pit samples from three years. In addition, these spectral features were also validated using hyperspectral imagery data collected on 2016 harvest produce after storage in a commercial storage facility for 5 months...
May 15, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755802/cytomegalovirus-colitis-masquerading-as-apple-core-lesion-after-systemic-chemotherapy-in-a-patient-with-relapsed-acute-myeloid-leukemia
#9
Jong An, Jason Brownell, Darrell Barker, Theresa Stockinger, Robert Brady, Katherine Cebe, Russell Baur
We report the case of a 71-year-old male with relapsed acute myeloid leukemia who developed cytomegalovirus (CMV) colitis presenting as an apple-core lesion during induction chemotherapy. CMV infection occurs rarely during induction chemotherapy for acute myeloid leukemia. CMV infection is usually observed in patients with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and in those on immunosuppressive agents following bone marrow transplant. Although rare, CMV colitis should be considered in patients who are critically ill after systemic chemotherapy as it can cause significant morbidity and mortality...
2018: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754250/estimated-daily-quercetin-intake-and-association-with-the-prevalence-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-chinese-adults
#10
Zhanxin Yao, Yeqing Gu, Qing Zhang, Li Liu, Ge Meng, Hongmei Wu, Yang Xia, Xue Bao, Hongbin Shi, Shaomei Sun, Xing Wang, Ming Zhou, Qiyu Jia, Yuntang Wu, Kun Song, Weina Gao, Changjiang Guo, Kaijun Niu
PURPOSE: Quercetin is one of potential antidiabetic substances because of its powerful antioxidant and anti-inflammatory actions. The purpose of this study is to estimate daily quercetin intake and assess the relationship between dietary quercetin intake and the prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in a Chinese population. METHODS: Dietary intake was investigated by a validated 100-item food frequency questionnaire. Daily intakes of quercetin and nutrients were calculated accordingly...
May 12, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753270/estimating-acute-and-chronic-exposure-of-children-and-adults-to-chlorpyrifos-in-fruit-and-vegetables-based-on-the-new-lower-toxicology-data
#11
Patrycja Mojsak, Bożena Łozowicka, Piotr Kaczyński
This paper presents, for the first time, results for chlorpyrifos (CHLP) in Polish fruits and vegetables over the course of a long period of research, 2007-2016, with toxicological aspects. The challenge of this study was to re-evaluate the impact of chlorpyrifos residues in fruit and vegetables on health risk assessed via acute and chronic exposure based on old and new, lower, established values of: Average Daily Intakes (ADIs)/Acute Reference Doses (ARfDs) and Maximum Residue Levels (MRLs). A total of 3 530 samples were collected, and CHLP in the range of 0...
May 9, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752875/characterisation-of-antagonistic-yeasts-for-biocontrol-applications-on-apples-or-in-soil-by-quantitative-analyses-of-synthetic-yeast-communities
#12
Simon Gross, Liesa Kunz, Denise C Müller, Amanda Santos Kron, Florian M Freimoser
Antagonistic yeasts suppress plant pathogenic fungi by various mechanisms, but their biocontrol efficacy also depends on the ability to compete and persist in the environment. The goal of the work presented here was to quantify the composition of synthetic yeast communities in order to determine the competitiveness of different species and identify promising candidates for plant protection. For this purpose, colony counting of distinct species and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS; MALDI biotyping) were used to distinguish different yeast species and to quantify the composition of a synthetic community of six yeasts (Aureobasidium pullulans, Candida subhashii, Cyberlindnera sargentensis, Hanseniaspora sp...
May 12, 2018: Yeast
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750477/apple-fruit-acidity-is-genetically-diversified-by-natural-variations-in-three-hierarchical-epistatic-genes-mdsaur37-mdpp2ch-and-mdalmtii
#13
Dongjie Jia, Fei Shen, Yi Wang, Ting Wu, Xuefeng Xu, Xinzhong Zhang, Zhenhai Han
Many efforts have been made to map quantitative trait loci (QTLs) to facilitate practical marker-assisted selection (MAS) in plants. In the present study, we identified four genome-wide major QTLs responsible for apple fruit acidity by MapQTL and BSA-seq analyses using two independent pedigree-based populations. Candidate genes were screened in major QTL regions, and three functional gene markers, including a non-synonymous A/G single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the coding region of MdPP2CH, a 36-bp insertion in the promoter of MdSAUR37, and a previously reported SNP in MdALMTII, were validated to influence the malate content of apple fruits...
May 11, 2018: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749001/the-apples-of-academic-performance-associations-between-dietary-patterns-and-academic-performance-in-australian-children
#14
Karma Pearce, Rebecca Golley, Lucy Lewis, Leah Cassidy, Timothy Olds, Carol Maher
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine whether there was an association between dietary patterns and children's academic performance. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved 315 children aged 9-11 years from 26 schools in Australia. Academic performance was measured in 4 domains (reading, writing, numeracy, and language-subdomains: spelling, grammarm and punctuation) using the National Assessment Program in Literacy and Numeracy (NAPLAN). A self-reported child questionnaire collected dietary intake data...
June 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745551/-design-of-training-system-for-foot-ulcer-patients-based-on-three-axis-accelerometer
#15
Rongguo Yan, Yin Qian, Xiaoye Qiu, Junguo Li
The paper introduces a training system for foot ulcer patients based on three axis accelerometer, which uses three axis accelerometer and Apple mobile phone platform to guide foot ulcer patients to carry out a variety of lower limb muscle tissues training. The acceleration values of three directions for the foot training is obtained by analog-to-digital conversion and transmitted to the Apple mobile phone via its Bluetooth low energy. The Apple mobile phone accomplishes acceleration data preprocessing, numerical filtering and adaptive dual-threshold processing by our developed application program, so as to achieve the purpose of foot gesture recognition...
August 1, 2017: Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue za Zhi, Journal of Biomedical Engineering, Shengwu Yixue Gongchengxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745230/deletion-of-the-catalase-gene-cpeb-reduces-aspergillus-niger-virulence-in-apple-fruits
#16
Meng-Ke Zhang, Jun Tang, Zhong-Qin Huang, Kang-Di Hu, Yan-Hong Li, Zhuo Han, Xiao-Yan Chen, Lan-Ying Hu, Gai-Fang Yao, Hua Zhang
Aspergillus niger, a common saprophytic fungus, causes rot in many fruits. We studied the role of a putative catalase-peroxidase encoding gene cpeB in oxidative stress and virulence in fruit. The cpeB gene was deleted in A. niger by homologous recombination, and the ΔcpeB mutant showed decreased CAT activity compared with that of the wild type. The cpeB gene deletion caused increased sensitivity to H2O2 stress, and the spore germination was significantly reduced; in addition, the reactive oxygen species (ROS) metabolites superoxide anion (∙O2-), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and malondialdehyde (MDA) accumulated in the ΔcpeB mutant during H2O2 stress...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745199/-effects-of-fertilizing-regime-and-planting-age-on-soil-calcium-decline-in-luochuan-apple-orchards
#17
Peng Li, Chun Yue Li, Yi Quan Wang, Cai Qiang Jiao
This study was conducted to assess the effects of fertilizing regime and orchard planting age on soil calcium contents and stocks in the apple orchards on the Loess Plateau. The apple orchards in Luochuan County, one of the best regions for apple plantation in the world, were selec-ted in this study. The contents of calcium carbonate,water-soluble calcium and exchangeable cal-cium at 0-100 cm soil layer under different fertilizing regimes and various planting ages were mea-sured, their stocks were calculated and their variation features were analyzed...
May 18, 2017: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742450/gas-exchange-measurement-as-a-non-destructive-viability-assay-for-frozen-thawed-winter-dormant-apple-buds
#18
C Vogiatzi, E Rosenqvist, B W W Grout
Low temperature studies with winter-dormant buds are severely limited by the lack of a rapid,non-destructive assay for their viability. Investigations involving the winter harvest of ecodormant buds of woody subjects, including cryopreservation, are restricted if viability cannot be assessed until dormancy is broken. If post-treatment grafting indicates low survival of the harvested population then further collection and study has to be delayed until the next winter season. This study trials the use of a portable gas exchange system able to discriminate between live and dead buds rapidly, with the assay confirmed as non-destructive by subsequent micropropagation...
May 6, 2018: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741605/intercropping-with-fruit-trees-increases-population-abundance-and-alters-species-composition-of-spider-mites-on-cotton
#19
Haiqiang Li, Hongsheng Pan, Dongmei Wang, Bing Liu, Jian Liu, Jianping Zhang, Yanhui Lu
With the recent increase in planting of fruit trees in southern Xinjiang, the intercropping of fruit trees and cotton has been widely adopted. From 2014 to 2016, a large-scale study was conducted in Aksu, an important agricultural area in southern Xinjiang, to compare the abundance and species composition of spider mites in cotton fields under jujube-cotton, apple-cotton, and cotton monocrop systems. The abundance of spider mites in cotton fields under both intercropping systems was generally higher than in the cotton monocrop...
May 5, 2018: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741191/apple-pomace-improves-gut-health-in-fisher-rats-independent-of-seed-content
#20
Gitte Ravn-Haren, Britta N Krath, Jarosław Markowski, Morten Poulsen, Max Hansen, Krzysztof Kołodziejczyk, Monika Kosmala, Lars O Dragsted
The mechanism behind the cholesterol lowering effects of apple pomace, a polyphenol- and fibre rich by-product in apple juice production, was investigated. Groups of male F344 rats were fed a control feed or the same feed with 2.1% or 6.5% dry apple pomace with or without seeds for 4 weeks. Effects on plasma cholesterol concentrations, excretion of bile acids, expression of genes involved in cholesterol- and bile acid synthesis, and other markers related to gut health were investigated. We found that pomace feeding decreased total-, LDL- and IDL-cholesterol concentrations compared to control...
May 9, 2018: Food & Function
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