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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231290/mapping-the-sensory-perception-of-apple-using-descriptive-sensory-evaluation-in-a-genome-wide-association-study
#1
Beatrice Amyotte, Amy J Bowen, Travis Banks, Istvan Rajcan, Daryl J Somers
Breeding apples is a long-term endeavour and it is imperative that new cultivars are selected to have outstanding consumer appeal. This study has taken the approach of merging sensory science with genome wide association analyses in order to map the human perception of apple flavour and texture onto the apple genome. The goal was to identify genomic associations that could be used in breeding apples for improved fruit quality. A collection of 85 apple cultivars was examined over two years through descriptive sensory evaluation by a trained sensory panel...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231166/production-and-properties-of-a-thermostable-ph-stable-exo-polygalacturonase-using-aureobasidium-pullulans-isolated-from-saharan-soil-of-algeria-grown-on-tomato-pomace
#2
Leila Bennamoun, Serge Hiligsmann, Scheherazad Dakhmouche, Amel Ait-Kaki, Fatima-Zohra Kenza Labbani, Tahar Nouadri, Zahia Meraihi, Benedetta Turchetti, Pietro Buzzini, Philippe Thonart
Polygalacturonase is a valuable biocatalyst for several industrial applications. Production of polygalacturonase using the Aureobasidium pullulans stain isolated from Saharan soil of Algeria was investigated. Its capacity to produce polygalacturonase was assessed under submerged culture using tomato pomace as an abundant agro-industrial substrate. Optimization of the medium components, which enhance polygalacturonase activity of the strain Aureobasidium pullulans, was achieved with the aid of response surface methodology...
October 29, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228472/unconventional-recombination-in-the-mating-type-locus-of-heterothallic-apple-canker-pathogen-valsa-mali
#3
Zhiyuan Yin, Xiwang Ke, Zhengpeng Li, Jiliang Chen, Xiaoning Gao, Lili Huang
Sexual reproduction in filamentous ascomycetes is controlled by mating type (MAT) locus, including two idiomorphs MAT1-1 and MAT1-2 Understanding the MAT locus can provide clues for unveiling the sexual development and virulence factors for fungal pathogens. The genus Valsa (Sordariomycetes, Diaporthales) contains many tree pathogens responsible for destructive canker diseases. Sexual stage of these ascomycetes is occasionally observed in nature and no MAT locus has been reported up till now. Thus, we identified the MAT locus of apple canker pathogen V...
February 21, 2017: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228093/comparative-profiling-of-hepatopancreas-transcriptomes-in-satiated-and-starving-pomacea-canaliculata
#4
Lei Yang, Tian-Yin Cheng, Fei-Yan Zhao
BACKGROUND: Although Pomacea canaliculata is native to South and Central America, it has become one of the most abundant invasive species worldwide and causes extensive damage to agriculture and horticulture. Conventional physical and chemical techniques have been used to eliminate P. canaliculata, but the effects are not ideal. Therefore, it is important to devise a new method based on a greater understanding of the biology of P. canaliculata. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying digestion and absorption in P...
February 22, 2017: BMC Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226551/beat-to-beat-heart-rate-detection-by-smartphone-s-accelerometers-validation-with-ecg
#5
F Landreani, A Martin-Yebra, C Casellato, C Frigo, E Pavan, P-F Migeotte, E G Caiani, F Landreani, A Martin-Yebra, C Casellato, C Frigo, E Pavan, P-F Migeotte, E G Caiani, A Martin-Yebra, P-F Migeotte, Eg Caiani, F Landreani, C Casellato, C Frigo, E Pavan
: Mobile phones offer the possibility to monitor and track health parameters. Our aim was to test the feasibility and accuracy of measuring beat-to-beat heart rate using smartphone accelerometers by recording the vibrations generated by the heart during its function and transmitted to the chest wall, i.e. the so-called seismocardiographic signal (SCG). METHODS: 9 healthy male volunteers were studied in supine (SUP) and in standing (ST) posture. A smartphone (iPhone6, Apple) was positioned on the thorax (POS1) to acquire SCG signal...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224919/characteristics-and-regulatory-pathway-of-the-prupesep1-sepallata-gene-during-ripening-and-softening-in-peach-fruits
#6
Jinjin Li, Fang Li, Ming Qian, Mingyu Han, Hangkong Liu, Dong Zhang, Juanjuan Ma, Caiping Zhao
SEPALLATA genes are members of a subfamily of MADS-box transcription factors, and have essential roles in floral organ development and fruit ripening. In this study, the PrupeSEP1 gene was cloned from peach flesh. Its deduced amino acid sequence was very similar to that of MdMADS8 and MdMADS9 in apple and MADS-RIN-like in strawberry. During storage of melting flesh (MF) peach, the pattern of SEP1 expression was similar to that of ethylene biosynthesis and ethylene signal transduction-related gene expression (EIN2 and ETR2)...
April 2017: Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223751/secondary-cutaneous-amyloidosis-in-a-patient-with-mycosis-fungoides
#7
Chan Hee Nam, Min Kee Park, Mi Soo Choi, Seung Phil Hong, Byung Cheol Park, Myung Hwa Kim
Secondary cutaneous amyloidosis refers to clinically unapparent amyloid deposits within the skin in association with a pre-existing skin condition or skin tumors, such as basal cell carcinoma, porokeratosis, solar elastosis, Bowen's disease, and mycosis fungoides. A 70-year-old woman presented with a 6-month history of asymptomatic multiple yellowish plaques on both legs. She had been diagnosed with mycosis fungoides 7 years ago and was treated with psoralen and ultraviolet A radiation (PUVA) therapy, narrow-band ultraviolet B (UVB) therapy, and acitretin for 5 years...
February 2017: Annals of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221974/evaluation-of-a-surface-sampling-method-for-recovery-of-human-noroviruses-prior-to-detection-using-reverse-transcription-quantitative-pcr
#8
Grace Tung-Thompson, Blanca I Escudero-Abarca, Janie Outlaw, Arnaud Ganee, Sylvanie Cassard, Claude Mabilat, Lee-Ann Jaykus
Human noroviruses are the most common cause of acute viral gastroenteritis, and the environmental persistence of these viruses contributes to their transmissibility. Environmental sampling is thus an important tool for investigating norovirus outbreaks and for assessing the effectiveness of cleaning and decontamination regimens. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a sampling material (wipes) for their efficacy at recovering human norovirus from hard surfaces and foods. Dilutions of a human norovirus GII...
February 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220503/physicochemical-and-sensory-properties-of-marmalades-made-from-mixtures-of-fruits-and-under-exploited-andean-tubers
#9
Agustina M Lotufo Haddad, María Isabel Margalef, Margarita Armada, María Cristina Goldner
BACKGROUND: This work studies the added value to the Andean tuber crops through the production of jams. OBJECTIVES: 1. to study the sensory and instrumental characteristics of dietetic marmalades made with fruits and Andean tubers, 2. to research consumer's acceptability and emotional responses, 3. to assess the relationship between sensory and instrumental variables, and 4. to determine sensory, instrumental and emotional variables that influence the acceptability...
February 20, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217915/fast-and-simultaneous-determination-of-12-polyphenols-in-apple-peel-and-pulp-by-using-chemometrics-assisted-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-with-diode-array-detection
#10
Tong Wang, Hai-Long Wu, Li-Xia Xie, Li Zhu, Zhi Liu, Xiao-Dong Sun, Rong Xiao, Ru-Qin Yu
In this work, a smart chemometrics-enhanced strategy, high-performance liquid chromatography and diode array detection coupled with second-order calibration method based on alternating trilinear decomposition algorithm was proposed to simultaneously quantify 12 polyphenols in different kinds of apple peel and pulp samples. The proposed strategy proved to be a powerful tool to solve the problems of co-elution, unknown interferences and chromatographic shifts in the process of high-performance liquid chromatography analysis, making it possible for the determination of 12 polyphenols in complex apple matrices within 10 min under simple conditions of elution...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216882/anticancer-potential-of-nutraceutical-formulations-in-mnu-induced-mammary-cancer-in-sprague-dawley-rats
#11
Gummalla Pitchaiah, Annapurna Akula, Vishala Chandi
BACKGROUND: Nutraceuticals help in combating some of the major health problems of the century including cancer, and 'nutraceutical formulations' have led to the new era of medicine and health. OBJECTIVE: To develop different nutraceutical formulations and to assess the anticancer potential of nutraceutical formulations in N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU)-induced mammary cancer in Sprague Dawley rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Different nutraceutical formulations were prepared using fine powders of amla, apple, garlic, onion, papaya, turmeric, and wheat grass with and without cow urine distillate...
January 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215973/stabilization-of-different-starting-materials-through-vermicomposting-in-a-continuous-feeding-system-changes-in-chemical-and-biological-parameters
#12
Mercedes García-Sánchez, Hana Taušnerová, Aleš Hanč, Pavel Tlustoš
In this study the feasibility of Eisenia andrei to digest great amount of wastes including horse manure (HM), apple pomace (AP), grape pomace (GP), and digestate (DG) was monitored through a continuous-feeding system. New layers of fresh material were gradually added to form an aged-profile of layers in order to understand the interaction between earthworms and microorganisms during vermicomposting. Thus, changes in chemical and biological parameters were evaluated for 240days. The earthworm population reached maximum values in 120 d-old-layer, which was related to an increase in overall microbial biomass, assayed as dehydrogenase activity, in all of the processed materials...
February 16, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215798/land-use-impacts-on-profile-distribution-of-labile-and-recalcitrant-carbon-in-the-ili-river-valley-northwest-china
#13
Xiang Liu, Lanhai Li, Zhiming Qi, Jiangang Han, Yongli Zhu
There is a growing evidence that the decomposition of recalcitrant carbon (C) can be stimulated by environmental changes, such as fresh C supply and increased temperature. However, the effect of land-use on profile distribution of recalcitrant C content is still poorly understood. In this study, soil samples were collected to a depth of 100cm from pastures and four major croplands including maize field, wheat field, paddy and apple orchard in the Ili River Valley, northwest China, to investigate the effects of land-use on profile distribution of labile organic C (LOC), semi-labile organic C (SLOC), recalcitrant organic C (ROC) and their relative proportions in total organic C (TOC), and evaluate whether such effects can be different between topsoil (0-20cm) and subsoil (20-100cm)...
February 16, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214962/apple-core-sign-in-colorectal-cancer
#14
REVIEW
Eduardo Kaiser Ururahy Nunes Fonseca, Cassia Franco Tridente, Renata Emy Ogawa, Fernando Ide Yamauchi, Ronaldo Hueb Baroni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 18, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213890/heterogeneity-in-meta-analyses-comparing-apples-and-oranges
#15
S W Choi, D M H Lam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 18, 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213319/continuous-ohmic-heating-of-commercially-processed-apple-juice-using-five-sequential-electric-fields-results-in-rapid-inactivation-of-alicyclobacillus-acidoterrestris-spores
#16
N H Kim, J H Ryang, B S Lee, C T Kim, M S Rhee
Spores of Alicyclobacillus acidoterrestris, a spoilage bacterium, cause problems for the apple juice industry because they are resistant to thermal treatment. Here, we examined the sporicidal effect of an ohmic heating (OH) system with five sequential electric fields and compared it with that of conventional heating. Apple juice product (50kg) inoculated with A. acidoterrestris spores were subjected to OH (electric field strength=26.7V/cm; frequency=25kHz) at 85-100°C for 30-90s. The effect of conventional heating was also examined under these conditions...
January 27, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209811/genome-sequencing-and-analysis-of-the-postharvest-fungus-penicillium-expansum-r21
#17
Guohua Yin, Yuliang Zhang, Sui Sheng T Hua, Jiujiang Yu, Lijing Bu, Kayla K Pennerman, Qixing Huang, Anping Guo, Joan W Bennett
Blue mold is the vernacular name of a common postharvest disease of stored apples, pears, and quince that is caused by several common species of Penicillium This study reports the draft genome sequence of Penicillium expansum strain R21, which was isolated from a red delicious apple in 2011 in Pennsylvania.
February 16, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208316/bistable-director-alignments-of-nematic-liquid-crystals-confined-in-frustrated-substrates
#18
Takeaki Araki, Jumpei Nagura
We studied in-plane bistable alignments of nematic liquid crystals confined by two frustrated surfaces by means of Monte Carlo simulations of the Lebwohl-Lasher spin model. The surfaces are prepared with orientational checkerboard patterns, on which the director field is locally anchored to be planar yet orthogonal between the neighboring blocks. We found the director field in the bulk tends to be aligned along the diagonal axes of the checkerboard pattern, as reported experimentally [J.-H. Kim et al., Appl...
January 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208254/electrochemical-detection-of-escherichia-coli-from-aqueous-samples-using-engineered-phages
#19
Danhui Wang, Juhong Chen, Sam R Nugen
In this study, an enzyme-based electrochemical method was developed for the detection of Escherichia coli (E. coli) using the T7 bacteriophages engineered with lacZ operon encoding for beta-galactosidase (β-gal). The T7lacZ phages can infect E. coli, and have the ability to trigger the overexpression of β-gal during the infection of E. coli. The use of the engineered phages resulted in a more sensitive detection of E. coli by (1) overexpression of β-gal in E. coli during the specific infection and (2) release of the endogenous intracellular β-gal from E...
February 7, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207444/acute-normovolemic-hemodilution-picking-more-apples-and-oranges
#20
Roman M Sniecinski, Edward J Mascha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
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