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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445171/identification-of-depressive-signs-in-patients-and-their-family-members-during-ipad-based-audiovisual-sessions
#1
Carol E Smith, Marilyn Werkowitch, Donna Macan Yadrich, Noreen Thompson, Eve-Lynn Nelson
Home parenteral nutrition requires a daily life-sustaining intravenous infusion over 12 hours. The daily intravenous infusion home care procedures are stringent, time-consuming tasks for patients and family caregivers who often experience depression. The purposes of this study were (1) to assess home parenteral nutrition patients and caregivers for depression and (2) to assess whether depressive signs can be seen during audiovisual discussion sessions using an Apple iPad Mini. In a clinical trial (N = 126), a subsample of 21 participants (16...
April 25, 2017: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445170/using-an-ipad-for-basic-communication-between-spanish-speaking-families-and-nurses-in-pediatric-acute-care-a-feasibility-pilot-study
#2
Kylie H Jackson, Sandra J Mixer
The growing number of Spanish speakers in the United States poses communication challenges for healthcare providers. Language barriers in pediatric acute care have been associated with an increased risk for adverse events, longer hospital stays, and decreased quality of care. In addition, clinicians' usage of interpreter services is inconsistent. In fact, nurses often lack interpreter support during daily bedside care. Nursing staff at a pediatric children's hospital in the southeastern United States identified bedside communication with Spanish-speaking patients and families as a clinical challenge...
April 25, 2017: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444538/occurrence-and-genetic-diversity-analysis-of-apple-stem-pitting-virus-isolated-from-apples-in-china
#3
Guo-Jun Hu, Ya-Feng Dong, Zun-Ping Zhang, Xu-Dong Fan, Fang Ren, Zhengnan Li
Two primer pairs were used to detect apple stem pitting virus (ASPV) using a reverse transcription (RT)-PCR test. 82 out of the 141 randomly collected samples, from ten orchards in five provinces and regions of China, tested positive. In the positive samples forty-five (55%) were infected by ASPV and two other viruses. The full coat protein (CP) and the triple gene block (TGB) gene 1, 2 and 3 of partial ASPV isolates were subsequently cloned. The nucleotide and amino acid identities of 39 CP sequence variants from 31 Chinese apple samples were compared with that of previously reported ASPV isolates and were 67...
April 25, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444365/evaluation-of-attractants-for-monitoring-drosophila-suzukii-diptera-drosophilidae
#4
Andrew J Frewin, Justin Renkema, Hannah Fraser, Rebecca H Hallett
Drosophila suzukii Matsumura is an economically important pest of soft and small fruit crops. Unlike other drosophilid flies, D. suzukii is capable of infesting ripe and partially ripe fruit, which poses a significant pest management challenge, as there is no tolerance for infested or damaged fruit in the marketplace. As a result, producers in many regions rely on calendar-scheduled insecticide applications for D. suzukii management. In order to develop an integrated pest management approach, better tools for monitoring adult fly populations are needed...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443104/genome-wide-identification-and-characterization-of-apple-bhlh-transcription-factors-and-expression-analysis-in-response-to-drought-and-salt-stress
#5
Ke Mao, Qinglong Dong, Chao Li, Changhai Liu, Fengwang Ma
The bHLH (basic helix-loop-helix) transcription factor family is the second largest in plants. It occurs in all three eukaryotic kingdoms, and plays important roles in regulating growth and development. However, family members have not previously been studied in apple. Here, we identified 188 MdbHLH proteins in apple "Golden Delicious" (Malus × domestica Borkh.), which could be classified into 18 groups. We also investigated the gene structures and 12 conserved motifs in these MdbHLHs. Coupled with expression analysis and protein interaction network prediction, we identified several genes that might be responsible for abiotic stress responses...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441790/eradicating-breast-cancer-longevity-impact-on-kuwaiti-women
#6
Muhammad Ali Al Ramadhan
Objective: To explore salient trends in incidence and mortality from breast cancer among Kuwaiti females and to quantify the number of years that could be saved if breast cancer deaths were eliminated. Methods: Appling life table technique, the paper constructs a bridged, multiple decrement and cancer-elimination life tables for Kuwaiti females. Data sources include Kuwait Cancer Control Center Registry along with vital statistics on mortality by age groups, nationality, and causes of death according to ICD-10 revision...
March 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440891/evaluation-of-three-different-decontamination-techniques-on-biofilm-formation-and-on-physical-and-chemical-properties-of-resin-composites
#7
Carolina Bosso André, Andressa Dos Santos, Carmem Silvia Pfeifer, Marcelo Giannini, Emerson Marcelo Girotto, Jack Liborio Ferracane
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated three different sterilization/disinfection techniques for resin composites on bacterial growth and surface modification after decontamination. METHODS: Two resin composites were sterilized/disinfected with three different techniques: UV light, 1% chloramine T, and 70% ethanol. Four different times were used for each technique to determine the shortest time that the solution or UV light was effective. The influence of sterilization/disinfection technique on bacterial growth was evaluated by analyzing the metabolic activity, using the AlamarBlue™ assay, bacterial viability, and SEM images from biofilms of Streptococcus mutans...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440563/the-sumo-e3-ligase-mdsiz1-promotes-anthocyanin-accumulation-by-sumoylating-mdmyb1-under-low-temperature-conditions-in-apple
#8
Li-Jie Zhou, Yuan-Yuan Li, Rui-Fen Zhang, Chun-Ling Zhang, Xing-Bin Xie, Cheng Zhao, Yu-Jin Hao
MdMYB1 acts as a crucial component of the MYB-bHLH-WD40 (MBW) complex to regulate anthocyanin biosynthesis in red-skinned apples (Malus domestica), but little is known about its posttranslational regulation. Here, a SUMO E3 ligase MdSIZ1 was screened out as an MdMYB1-interacting protein with a yeast two-hybridization approach. The interaction between MdSIZ1 and MdMYB1 was further verified with pull-down and CoIP assays. Furthermore, it was found that MdSIZ1 directly sumoylated MdMYB1 proteins in vivo and in vitro, especially under moderately low temperature (17 °C) conditions, and that this sumoylation was required for MdMYB1 protein stability...
April 25, 2017: Plant, Cell & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439914/how-does-burnout-impact-the-three-components-of-nursing-professional-commitment
#9
Hao-Yuan Chang, Yea-Ing Lotus Shyu, May-Kuen Wong, Tsung-Lan Chu, Yuan-Yu Lo, Ching-I Teng
BACKGROUND: While the impact of burnout on organisational commitment has been widely observed, its impact on nursing professional commitment has not previously been investigated. The literature has clarified that professional commitment has three distinct components: affective, continuance and normative. AIMS: This study aims to investigate the relationships between burnout and the three components of nursing professional commitment. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study using questionnaires to collect data in one large medical centre...
April 24, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437164/factors-affecting-the-levels-of-heavy-metals-in-juices-processed-with-filter-aids
#10
Zhengfang Wang, Lauren S Jackson, Joseph E Jablonski
This study investigated factors that may contribute to the presence of arsenic and other heavy metals in apple and grape juices processed with filter aids. Different types and grades of filter aids were analyzed for arsenic, lead, and cadmium with inductively coupled plasma-tandem mass spectrometry. Potential factors affecting the transfer of heavy metals to juices during filtration treatments were evaluated. Effects of washing treatments on removal of heavy metals from filter aids were also determined. Results showed that diatomaceous earth (DE) generally contained a higher level of arsenic than perlite, whereas perlite had a higher lead content than DE...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435686/apple-dwarfing-rootstocks-exhibit-an-imbalance-in-carbohydrate-allocation-and-reduced-cell-growth-and-metabolism
#11
Toshi M Foster, Peter A McAtee, Chethi N Waite, Helen L Boldingh, Tony K McGhie
Apple dwarfing rootstocks cause earlier shoot termination and reduced root and shoot mass. To identify physiological factors responsible for rootstock-induced growth restriction, we compared vascular-enriched gene expression between two dwarfing rootstocks ('M27' and 'M9') and the vigorous rootstock 'M793' using RNA sequencing and quantitative reverse transcriptase PCR. Differentially expressed genes common to both dwarfing rootstocks belonged to five main biological processes: (1) primary metabolism, (2) cell wall synthesis and modification, (3) secondary metabolism, (4) hormone signalling and response and (5) redox homeostasis...
2017: Horticulture Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435205/the-disc-separation-and-the-eigenvalue-distribution-of-the-schur-complement-of-nonstrictly-diagonally-dominant-matrices
#12
Cheng-Yi Zhang, Weiwei Wang, Shuanghua Luo, Jianxing Zhao
The result on the Geršgorin disc separation from the origin for strictly diagonally dominant matrices and their Schur complements in (Liu and Zhang in SIAM J. Matrix Anal. Appl. 27(3):665-674, 2005) is extended to nonstrictly diagonally dominant matrices and their Schur complements, showing that under some conditions the separation of the Schur complement of a nonstrictly diagonally dominant matrix is greater than that of the original grand matrix. As an application, the eigenvalue distribution of the Schur complement is discussed for nonstrictly diagonally dominant matrices to derive some significant conclusions...
2017: Journal of Inequalities and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434710/shifting-the-paradigm-in-gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-pesticide-analysis-using-high-resolution-accurate-mass-spectrometry
#13
S Uclés, A Uclés, A Lozano, M J Martínez Bueno, A R Fernández-Alba
In the last 10 years, the majority of the pesticide food control laboratories moved from GC-MS to GC-MS/MS as the preferred analytical technique to address GC amenable compounds. The main reason for this change was the negative impact on the single stage GC-MS analysis caused by the interference from coeluting matrix compounds. The new development of gas chromatography coupled to high resolution accurate mass spectrometry (GC-HRAMS) provides opportunities to overcome such matrix interferences as a result of its much higher selectivity; allowing laboratories to carry out full-scan analysis covering the most exigent analytical performance criteria...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433923/uhplc-q-orbitrap-hrms-based-global-metabolomics-reveal-metabolome-modifications-in-plasma-of-young-women-after-cranberry-juice-consumption
#14
Haiyan Liu, Timothy J Garrett, Zhihua Su, Christina Khoo, Liwei Gu
Plasma metabolome in young women following cranberry juice consumption were investigated using a global UHPLC-Q-Orbitrap-HRMS approach. Seventeen female college students, between 21 and 29 years old, were given either cranberry juice or apple juice for three days using a cross-over design. Plasma samples were collected before and after juice consumption. Plasma metabolomes were analyzed using UHPLC-Q-Orbitrap-HRMS followed by orthogonal partial least squares-discriminant analyses (OPLS-DA). S-plot was used to identify discriminant metabolites...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432818/characterization-of-decellularized-ovine-small-intestine-submucosal-layer-as-extracellular-matrix-based-scaffold-for-tissue-engineering
#15
Morteza Rashtbar, Jamshid Hadjati, Jafar Ai, Issa Jahanzad, Mahmoud Azami, Sadegh Shirian, Somayeh Ebrahimi-Barough, Esmaeil Sadroddiny
Extracellular matrix-based scaffolds derived from mammalian tissues have been used in tissue engineering applications. Among all the tissues, decellularized small intestine submucosal layer (SIS) has been recently investigated for its exceptional characteristics and biocompatibilities. These investigations have been mainly focused on the decellularized porcine SIS; however, there has not been any report on ovine SIS (OSIS) layer. In this study, OSIS was decellularized and its physical, chemical, and morphological properties were evaluated...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431510/delayed-response-to-cold-stress-is-characterized-by-successive-metabolic-shifts-culminating-in-apple-fruit-peel-necrosis
#16
Nigel E Gapper, Maarten L A T M Hertog, Jinwook Lee, David A Buchanan, Rachel S Leisso, Zhangjun Fei, Guiqin Qu, James J Giovannoni, Jason W Johnston, Robert J Schaffer, Bart M Nicolaï, James P Mattheis, Christopher B Watkins, David R Rudell
BACKGROUND: Superficial scald is a physiological disorder of apple fruit characterized by sunken, necrotic lesions appearing after prolonged cold storage, although initial injury occurs much earlier in the storage period. To determine the degree to which the transition to cell death is an active process and specific metabolism involved, untargeted metabolic and transcriptomic profiling was used to follow metabolism of peel tissue over 180 d of cold storage. RESULTS: The metabolome and transcriptome of peel destined to develop scald began to diverge from peel where scald was controlled using antioxidant (diphenylamine; DPA) or rendered insensitive to ethylene using 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) beginning between 30 and 60 days of storage...
April 21, 2017: BMC Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429917/the-impact-of-urbanization-on-the-community-food-environment-in-china
#17
Yang Wu, Hong Xue, Huijun Wang, Chang Su, Shufa Du, Youfa Wang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Research on how urbanization has influenced the food environment in China is limited. The study aimed to examine the impact of urbanization on the food environment in China. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal data collected during 1989-2009 from the China Health and Nutrition Survey were used, which covered 9 provinces in China. Urbanicity index (0-10) was assessed using an urbanicity scale. Final analyses included 216 communities...
May 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429609/chemical-evaluation-of-the-rhynchophorus-ferrugineus-larvae-fed-on-different-substrates-as-human-food-source
#18
Annarita Cito, Santi Longo, Giuseppe Mazza, Elena Dreassi, Valeria Francardi
We investigated the chemical composition of the weevil Rhynchophorus ferrugineus larvae, traditionally used as human food in Asia and known worldwide as one of the most significant pest for palm trees. Total fat content and fatty acid composition were analyzed using standard methodologies in (1) weevil larvae reared on apple fruit slices and wild specimens collected from attacked (2) Phoenix canariensis and (3) Syagrus romanzoffiana palm trees. Total fat content was extremely high in all the specimens (ranged between 57...
January 1, 2017: Food Science and Technology International, Ciencia y Tecnología de Los Alimentos Internacional
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429412/bone-extracellular-matrix-hydrogel-enhances-osteogenic-differentiation-of-c2c12-myoblasts-and-mouse-primary-calvarial-cells
#19
Noura Alom, Heather Peto, Glen R Kirkham, Kevin M Shakesheff, Lisa J White
Hydrogel scaffolds derived from the extracellular matrix (ECM) of mammalian tissues have been successfully used to promote tissue repair in vitro and in vivo. The objective of this study was to evaluate the osteogenic potential of ECM hydrogels prepared from demineralized and decellularized bovine bone in the presence and absence of osteogenic medium. Culture of C2C12 and mouse primary calvarial cells (mPCs) on decellularized bone ECM (bECM) and demineralized bone matrix (DBM) gels resulted in increased expression of osteogenic gene markers, including a 3...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427989/egocentric-and-allocentric-visuospatial-working-memory-in-premotor-huntington-s-disease-a-double-dissociation-with-caudate-and-hippocampal-volumes
#20
Katherine L Possin, Hosung Kim, Michael D Geschwind, Tacie Moskowitz, Erica T Johnson, Sharon J Sha, Alexandra Apple, Duan Xu, Bruce L Miller, Steven Finkbeiner, Christopher P Hess, Joel H Kramer
Our brains represent spatial information in egocentric (self-based) or allocentric (landmark-based) coordinates. Rodent studies have demonstrated a critical role for the caudate in egocentric navigation and the hippocampus in allocentric navigation. We administered tests of egocentric and allocentric working memory to individuals with premotor Huntington's disease (pmHD), which is associated with early caudate nucleus atrophy, and controls. Each test had 80 trials during which subjects were asked to remember 2 locations over 1-sec delays...
April 17, 2017: Neuropsychologia
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