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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346076/ultrasensitive-electrochemical-immuno-sensing-platform-based-on-gold-nanoparticles-triggering-chlorpyrifos-detection-in-fruits-and-vegetables
#1
Anita Talan, Annu Mishra, Sergei A Eremin, Jagriti Narang, Ashok Kumar, Sonu Gandhi
Chlorpyrifos (chl) is an organophosphate pesticide extensively used in agriculture and highly toxic for human health. Fluorine doped tin-oxide (FTO) based electrochemical nanosensor was developed for chlorpyrifos detection with gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) and anti-chlorpyrifos antibodies (chl-Ab). AuNPs provides high electrical conductivity and specific resistivity, thus increases the sensitivity of immunoassay. High electrical conductivity of AuNPs reveals that it promotes the redox reaction for better cyclic voltammetry...
January 9, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339336/organophosphate-and-brominated-flame-retardants-in-australian-indoor-environments-levels-sources-and-preliminary-assessment-of-human-exposure
#2
Chang He, Xianyu Wang, Phong Thai, Christine Baduel, Christie Gallen, Andrew Banks, Paul Bainton, Karin English, Jochen F Mueller
Concentrations of nine organophosphate flame retardants (OPFRs) and eight polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) were measured in samples of indoor dust (n = 85) and air (n = 45) from Australian houses, offices, hotels, and transportation (buses, trains, and aircraft). All target compounds were detected in indoor dust and air samples. Median ∑9OPFRs concentrations were 40 μg/g in dust and 44 ng/m3 in indoor air, while median ∑8PBDEs concentrations were 2.1 μg/g and 0.049 ng/m3. Concentrations of FRs were higher in rooms that contained carpet, air conditioners, and various electronic items...
January 12, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338042/a-pharmacological-screen-for-compounds-that-rescue-the-developmental-lethality-of-a-drosophila-atm-mutant
#3
Stacey A Rimkus, David A Wassarman
Ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T) is a neurodegenerative disease caused by mutation of the A-T mutated (ATM) gene. ATM encodes a protein kinase that is activated by DNA damage and phosphorylates many proteins, including those involved in DNA repair, cell cycle control, and apoptosis. Characteristic biological and molecular functions of ATM observed in mammals are conserved in Drosophila melanogaster. As an example, conditional loss-of-function ATM alleles in flies cause progressive neurodegeneration through activation of the innate immune response...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335173/application-of-fe3o4-mil-100-fe-core-shell-magnetic-microspheres-for-evaluating-the-sorption-of-organophosphate-esters-to-dissolved-organic-matter-dom
#4
Long Pang, Peijie Yang, Huiqiang Yang, Liming Ge, Jingwen Xiao, Yifan Zhou
Organophosphate esters (OPEs) are widely used as flame retardants and plasticizers in many products and materials. Because of the potential biologic toxicity on human beings, OPEs are regarded as a class of emerging pollutants. Dissolved organic matters (DOM) have significant effects on the bioavailability and toxicity of the pollutants in the environment. Negligible-depletion solid-phase microextraction (nd-SPME) is an efficient way for measuring the freely dissolved pollutants but suffers from long equilibrium time...
January 12, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333858/mineral-and-base-catalyzed-hydrolysis-of-organophosphate-flame-retardants-a-potential-major-fate-controlling-sink-in-soil-and-aquatic-environments
#5
Yida Fang, Erin Kim, Timothy J Strathmann
The ubiquitous occurrence of organophosphate flame retardants (OPFRs) in aquatic and soil environments poses significant risks to human health and ecosystems. Here, we report on the hydrolysis of six OPFRs and three structural analogues in the absence and presence of metal (hydr)oxide minerals. Eight of the target compounds showed marked degradation in alkaline solutions (pH 9-12) with half-lives ranging from 0.02 - 170 d. Kinetics follow a second-order rate law with apparent rate constants for base-catalyzed hydrolysis (kB) ranging from 0...
January 15, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332674/sleep-apnea-and-pesticide-exposure-in-a-study-of-us-farmers
#6
Brittney O Baumert, Megan Ulmer Carnes, Jane A Hoppin, Chandra L Jackson, Dale P Sandler, Laura Beane Freeman, Paul K Henneberger, David M Umbach, Srishti Shrestha, Stuart Long, Stephanie J London
INTRODUCTION: Carbamate and organophosphate pesticides inhibit acetylcholinesterase, and poisoning leads to respiratory depression. Thus, involvement in sleep apnea is plausible, but no data exist at lower levels of exposure. Other pesticides could impact sleep apnea by different mechanisms but have not been studied. Our study examines the associations between pesticide exposure and sleep apnea among pesticide applicators from a US farming population. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: We analyzed data from 1569 male pesticide applicators, mostly farmers, from an asthma case-control study nested within the prospective Agricultural Health Study...
February 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329620/determination-and-validation-of-discriminating-concentration-of-ivermectin-against-rhipicephalus-microplus
#7
Abhijit Nandi, Sharath V Sagar, Gajanan Chigure, Ashutosh Fular, Anil Kumar Sharma, Gaurav Nagar, Sachin Kumar, B C Saravanan, Srikant Ghosh
Rhipicephalus microplus, the major cattle tick species of India is prevalent all over the country and causes huge economic loss directly or indirectly to the dairy industries. Chemical acaricides are playing an important role in managing tick infestations on livestock for many years and consequently, resistance to commonly used organophosphate (OP) and synthetic pyrethroid (SP) compounds has been reported. Subsequently, ivermectin (IVM) has been emerged as an alternative to manage OP and SP resistant ticks...
January 30, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328973/feeding-inhibition-in-corbicula-fluminea-o-f-muller-1774-as-an-effect-criterion-to-pollutant-exposure-perspectives-for-ecotoxicity-screening-and-refinement-of-chemical-control
#8
Bruno Branco Castro, Carlos Silva, Inês Patrunilho Efe Macário, Bruno Oliveira, Fernando Gonçalves, Joana Luísa Pereira
Bivalves are commonly used in biomonitoring programs to track pollutants. Several features, including its filter-feeding abilities, cumulatively argue in favour of the use of the Asian clam (Corbicula fluminea) as a biosentinel and an ecotoxicological model. Filtration in bivalves is very sensitive to external stimuli and its control is dictated by regulation of the opening/closure of the valves, which may be used as an avoidance defence against contaminants. Here, we investigate the filter-feeding behaviour of the Asian clam as an endpoint for assessing exposure to pollutants, driven by two complementary goals: (i) to generate relevant and sensitive toxicological information based on the ability of C...
January 4, 2018: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324824/assessing-the-links-among-environmental-contaminants-endocrinology-and-parasites-to-understand-amphibian-declines-in-montane-regions-of-costa-rica
#9
Christopher J Leary, Hannah F Ralicki, David Laurencio, Sarah Crocker-Buta, John H Malone
Amphibians inhabiting montane riparian zones in the Neotropics are particularly vulnerable to decline, but the reasons are poorly understood. Because environmental contaminants, endocrine disruption, and pathogens often figure prominently in amphibian declines it is imperative that we understand how these factors are potentially interrelated to affect montane populations. One possibility is that increased precipitation associated with global warming promotes the deposition of contaminants in montane regions...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322868/in-silico-approaches-to-evaluate-the-molecular-properties-of-organophosphate-compounds-to-inhibit-acetylcholinesterase-activity-in-housefly
#10
Parthiban Marimuthu, Yong-Jin Lee, Byung-Hoon Kim, Seong S Seo
Organophosphate compounds (OPC) have become the primary choice as insecticides and is widely used across the world. Additionally, OPCs were also commonly used as a chemical warfare agent that triggers a great challenge to public safety. Exposure of OPCs to human causes immediate excitation of cholinergic neurotransmission through transient elevation of synaptic acetylcholine (ACh) levels and accumulations. Likewise, prolonged exposure of OPCs can affect the processes in immune response, carbohydrate metabolism, cardiovascular toxicity and several others...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320166/mass-spectrometric-quantitation-of-tubulin-acetylation-from-pepsin-digested-rat-brain-tissue-using-a-novel-stable-isotope-standard-and-capture-by-anti-peptide-antibody-siscapa-method
#11
Xiangkun Yang, Sean X Naughton, Zhen Han, Maomao He, Y George Zheng, Alvin V Terry, Michael G Bartlett
Acetylation of α-tubulin at Lys-40 is a potential biomarker for cognitive deficits in various neurological disorders. However, this key PTM has not been previously studied with mass spectrometry, due to the inadequate distribution of tryptic cleavage sites. Following peptic digestion, a surrogate sequence containing this key PTM site was identified, and was found to be stable and quantitatively reproducible. A highly sensitive and specific SISCAPA-LC-MS method for quantitating rat brain tubulin acetylation was developed, validated and applied, and only required a small amount of tissue (2...
January 10, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317766/clinical-characteristics-of-stress-cardiomyopathy-in-patients-with-acute-poisoning
#12
Ung Jeon, Samel Park, SangHo Park, Eun-Young Lee, Hyo-Wook Gil
Patients who attempt intentional suicide suffer from physical or emotional stress. This situation might be an important factor that causes takotsubo cardiomyopathy. We retrospectively investigated the clinical features of Takotsubo cardiomyopathy in patients with acute poisoning. This study included patients who were admitted from January 2010 to December 2015 because of intentional poisoning by ingestion. Among these patients, we selectively collected data of patients who underwent an echocardiogram. We divided the patients into three groups according to the echocardiogram; the non-cardiomyopathy group, the global hypokinesia group, and the takotsubo cardiomyopathy group...
January 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316461/impact-of-particle-size-on-distribution-and-human-exposure-of-flame-retardants-in-indoor-dust
#13
Rui-Wen He, Yun-Zi Li, Ping Xiang, Chao Li, Xin-Yi Cui, Lena Q Ma
The effect of dust particle size on the distribution and bioaccessibility of flame retardants (FRs) in indoor dust remains unclear. In this study, we analyzed 20 FRs (including 6 organophosphate flame retardants (OPFRs), 8 polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), 4 novel brominated flame retardants (NBFRs), and 2 dechlorane plus (DPs)) in composite dust samples from offices, public microenvironments (PME), and cars in Nanjing, China. Each composite sample (one per microenvironment) was separated into 6 size fractions (F1-F6: 200-2000µm, 150-200µm, 100-150µm, 63-100µm, 43-63µm, and <43µm)...
January 6, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310704/mapping-insecticide-resistance-in-anopheles-gambiae-s-l-from-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire
#14
Soromane Camara, Alphonsine A Koffi, Ludovic P Ahoua Alou, Kouakou Koffi, Jean-Paul K Kabran, Aboubacar Koné, Mathieu F Koffi, Raphaël N'Guessan, Cédric Pennetier
BACKGROUND: Insecticide resistance in malaria vectors is an increasing threat to vector control tools currently deployed in endemic countries. Resistance management must be an integral part of National Malaria Control Programmes' (NMCPs) next strategic plans to alleviate the risk of control failure. This obviously will require a clear database on insecticide resistance to support the development of such a plan. The present work gathers original data on insecticide resistance between 2009 and 2015 across Côte d'Ivoire in West Africa...
January 8, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309911/altered-hemoglobin-co-factor-sensitivity-does-not-underlie-the-evolution-of-derived-fossorial-specializations-in-the-family-talpidae
#15
Kevin L Campbell, Michael J Gaudry, Kai He, Hitoshi Suzuki, Ya-Ping Zhang, Xue-Long Jiang, Roy E Weber
The high O2 affinity of European mole (Talpa europaea) blood is postulated to largely arise from the presence of two β-globin chain residues (β4 Ser and β5 Gly) that weaken the interaction of its hemoglobin (Hb) with the red cell organophosphate 2,3-diphosphoglycerate (DPG). This latter trait is generally accepted to be an 'adaptation to subterranean life', despite the fact that no data are available for more basal mole lineages that have no evolutionary history of fossoriality (i.e. the ambulatory, high-elevation shrew-like moles and the semi-aquatic desmans), and which may similarly benefit from an elevated blood O2 affinity...
January 5, 2018: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307370/evaluation-of-chromosomal-dna-damage-cytotoxicity-cytostasis-oxidative-dna-damage-and-their-relationship-with-endocrine-hormones-in-patients-with-acute-organophosphate-poisoning
#16
Kursat Gundogan, Hamiyet Donmez-Altuntas, Zuhal Hamurcu, Ismail Hakkı Akbudak, Murat Sungur, Nazmiye Bitgen, Gulden Baskol, Fahri Bayram
Pesticides are commonly used compounds in agriculture. Especially, organophosphates (OPs) are among the extensively used pesticides. Therefore, OPs poisoning is common, especially in underdeveloped and developing countries. Primary aim of this study was to research the effects of acute OPs poisoning on genome instability in the individuals' lymphocytes with acute OPs poisoning both by using the cytokinesis-block micronucleus cytome (CBMN-cyt) assay to examine chromosome/genome damage, cell proliferation index and cell death rate and by using the plasma 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) levels to determine oxidative DNA damage...
January 2018: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306804/phosphorus-flame-retardants-and-bisphenol-a-in-indoor-dust-and-pm2-5-in-kindergartens-and-primary-schools-in-hong-kong
#17
Wen-Jing Deng, Na Li, Rudolf Wu, Wong K S Richard, Zijian Wang, Wingkei Ho
Organophosphate flame retardants (PFRs) and bisphenol A (BPA) were measured in indoor dust and PM2.5 samples from nine kindergartens and two primary schools in Hong Kong. The average levels of PM2.5 ranged from 4.0E+03 ng/m3 to 1.5E+04 ng/m3. Average levels of PFRs (from 1.5 ng/m3 to 20 ng/m3 in PM2.5; from 8.0E-02 μg/g dw to 2.4 μg/g dw in dust) and BPA (from 6.4E-01 ng/m3 to 1.0 ng/m3 in PM2.5; from 1.0E-02 μg/g dw to 2.0E-01 μg/g dw in dust) were detected in most of the sampling sites...
January 4, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306213/urinary-metabolites-of-organophosphate-esters-in-children-in-south-china-concentrations-profiles-and-estimated-daily-intake
#18
Yi Chen, Jianzhang Fang, Lu Ren, Ruifang Fan, Jianqing Zhang, Guihua Liu, Li Zhou, Dingyan Chen, Yingxin Yu, Shaoyou Lu
Organophosphate esters (OPEs) are widely used in household products as flame retardants or plasticizers and have become ubiquitous pollutants in environmental media. However, little is known about OPE metabolites in humans, especially in children. In this study, eight OPE metabolites were measured in 411 urine samples collected from 6 to 14-year-old children in South China. Bis(2-chloroethyl) phosphate (BCEP), bis(1-chloro-2-propyl) phosphate (BCIPP) and diphenyl phosphate (DPHP) were the dominant OPE metabolites, and their median concentrations were 1...
January 3, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306196/organophosphate-esters-in-east-greenland-polar-bears-and-ringed-seals-adipose-tissue-concentrations-and-in%C3%A2-vitro-depletion-and-metabolite-formation
#19
Adelle Strobel, William G Willmore, Christian Sonne, Rune Dietz, Robert J Letcher
East Greenland is a contamination "hot spot" for long-range transported anthropogenic chemicals, including organophosphate esters (OPEs). High concentrations of OPEs have been reported in arctic air while very little is known for wildlife where OPE tissue residues levels appear to be strongly influenced by biotransformation. In the present study, the hepatic in vitro metabolism of six environmentally relevant organophosphate (OP) triesters and corresponding OP diester formation were investigated in East Greenland polar bears (PBs) and ringed seals (RSs)...
December 29, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306024/organophosphate-triesters-and-selected-metabolites-enhance-binding-of-thyroxine-to-human-transthyretin-in-vitro
#20
Katie L Hill, Timo Hamers, Jorke H Kamstra, William G Willmore, Robert J Letcher
The toxicological properties of organophosphate (OP) triesters that are used as flame retardants and plasticizers are currently not well understood, though increasing evidence suggests they can affect the thyroid system. Perturbation of thyroid hormone (TH) transport is one mechanism of action that may affect thyroid function. The present study applied an in vitro competitive protein binding assay with thyroxine (T4) and human transthyretin (hTTR) to determine the potential for the OP triesters, TDCIPP (tris(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl) phosphate), TBOEP (tris(butoxyethyl) phosphate), TEP (triethyl phosphate), TPHP (triphenyl phosphate), p-OH-TPHP (para-hydroxy triphenyl phosphate), and the OP diester DPHP (diphenyl phosphate), to competitively displace T4 from hTTR...
January 3, 2018: Toxicology Letters
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