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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933720/autogenous-bone-grafting-for-treatment-of-osseous-defect-after-impacted-mandibular-third-molar-extraction-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Jing Ge, Chi Yang, Jiawei Zheng, Yingkai Hu
BACKGROUND: Extraction of impacted mandibular third molar (M3) has been cited as causing osseous defect at the distal aspect of the adjacent second molar (M2). PURPOSE: This randomized controlled trial was aimed to evaluate the effect of autogenous bone grafting in situ for regeneration of periodontal osseous defect distal to the M2 compared with non-grafting after impacted M3 removal. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 60 sites in 51 adult patients were enrolled and randomly assigned to the control group or the test group...
December 8, 2016: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933634/middle-cranial-fossa-approach-to-repair-tegmen-defects-assisted-by-three-dimensionally-printed-temporal-bone-models
#2
Sameer Ahmed, Kyle K VanKoevering, Stephanie Kline, Glenn E Green, H Alexander Arts
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To explore the perioperative utility of three-dimensionally (3D)-printed temporal bone models of patients undergoing repair of lateral skull base defects and spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid leaks with the middle cranial fossa approach. STUDY DESIGN: Case series. METHODS: 3D-printed temporal bone models-based on patient-specific, high-resolution computed tomographic imaging-were constructed using inexpensive polymer materials...
December 9, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933630/comparison-of-cartilage-with-temporalis-fascia-tympanoplasty-a-meta-analysis-of-comparative-studies
#3
REVIEW
Mir Mohammad Jalali, Masoud Motasaddi, Ali Kouhi, Sasan Dabiri, Robabeh Soleimani
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the results of type 1 tympanoplasty with temporalis fascia (TF) versus cartilage in patients with chronic otitis media (COM) for graft integration and hearing improvement. DATA SOURCES: The English language literature (until June 1, 2016) was searched, using Medline (via PubMed), Scopus, ProQuest, Ovid, Cochrane database, and Google Scholar. REVIEW METHODS: A comprehensive review of the literature was performed...
December 9, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933475/how-safe-is-minimally-invasive-pedicle-screw-placement-for-treatment-of-thoracolumbar-spine-fractures
#4
Timo Michael Heintel, Stefan Dannigkeit, Annabel Fenwick, Martin Cornelius Jordan, Hendrik Jansen, Fabian Gilbert, Rainer Meffert
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective analysis of patients who underwent minimally invasive posterior instrumentation. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety of minimally invasive pedicle screw placement in patients with unstable thoracic and lumbar spine fractures using the conventional fluoroscopy technique. Although wound infection, haematoma, and new neurological deficit due to screw malplacement remain a common source of morbidity, estimates of their rates of occurrence remain relatively limited...
December 8, 2016: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933472/tumor-necrosis-factor-alpha-inhibitors-did-not-influence-postoperative-morbidity-after-elective-surgical-resections-in-crohn-s-disease
#5
Paulo Gustavo Kotze, Mansur Paulo Saab, Bárbara Saab, Lorete Maria da Silva Kotze, Marcia Olandoski, Lilian Vital Pinheiro, Carlos Augusto Real Martinez, Maria de Lourdes Setsuko Ayrizono, Daniela de Oliveira Magro, Claudio Saddy Rodrigues Coy
BACKGROUND: The real impact of anti-tumor necrosis alpha (TNF) therapy in postoperative complications after intestinal resections in Crohn's disease (CD) still needs to be determined. AIMS: To compare the postoperative complication rates after elective intestinal resections in CD patients, with or without previous exposure to anti-TNF therapy. METHODS: This was a retrospective and observational study, with elective intestinal resections for CD (emergency procedures were excluded)...
December 8, 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933384/thyroid-autoimmunity-is-really-associated-with-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma
#6
Alev Selek, Berrin Cetinarslan, Ilhan Tarkun, Zeynep Canturk, Berna Ustuner, Zeynep Akyay
The incidence of thyroid cancer has been greatly increasing. Several studies aimed to investigate biomarkers for prediction of thyroid cancer. Some of these studies have suggested that thyroid autoantibodies (TAb) could be used as predictors of thyroid cancer risk, but the correlation between TAb and PTC is still a matter of debate. The aim of this study is to evaluate thyroid autoimmunity and TAbs in patients with PTC and benign multinodular goiter (MNG) to investigate if TAbs and autoimmune thyroid disease (ATD) could predict thyroid malignancy...
December 8, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933348/-acupuncture-in-posttonsillectomy-pain-a%C3%A2-prospective-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial-german-version
#7
J Dingemann, B Plewig, I Baumann, P K Plinkert, S Sertel
BACKGROUND: Postoperative swallowing pain is one of the most unpleasant after-effects of tonsillectomy. During recent years, the demand for alternatives to drug-based pain therapy has continued to grow, although the topic has received little research attention until now. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 46 patients were randomized into verum acupuncture, control acupuncture, and drug-based treatment groups. All patients received nonsteroidal antirheumatic drugs (NSAIDs)...
December 8, 2016: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933266/nonstrict-and-individual-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-eras-in-partial-hepatectomy
#8
Xingwei Xu, Yingbin Wang, Tao Feng, Xin Zhao, Yannian Liao, Wu Ji, Jieshou Li
BACKGROUND: We aimed to evaluate postoperative recovery and short-term outcomes of patients undergoing partial hepatectomy managed with a nonstrict and individual enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) program. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 168 partial hepatectomy patients in our institution was included. The discharged day and the respective impact of element application throughout the duration were analyzed. RESULTS: When all the required elements of ERAS were fully implemented, the median discharge day was 6...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933259/deformity-correction-and-extremity-lengthening-in-the-lower-leg-comparison-of-clinical-outcomes-with-two-external-surgical-procedures
#9
Eugen Reitenbach, Robert Rödl, Georg Gosheger, Björn Vogt, Frank Schiedel
OBJECTIVE: Distraction osteogenesis is a method of stimulating the growth of new bone tissue in order to lengthen the extremities or bridge resected bone defects. In addition to the now-established intramedullary procedures, two different fixator systems are in use. The present study investigated the classical Ilizarov ring fixator (IRF) and a hexapod to assess the precision of lower-leg lengthening and complications classified using the Paley criteria for problems, obstacles, and complications...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933171/active-postoperative-acromegaly-sustained-remission-after-discontinuation-of-somatostatin-analogues
#10
Cristina Alvarez-Escola, Jersy Cardenas-Salas
: In patients with active acromegaly after pituitary surgery, somatostatin analogues are effective in controlling the disease and can even be curative in some cases. After treatment discontinuation, the likelihood of disease recurrence is high. However, a small subset of patients remains symptom-free after discontinuation, with normalized growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor (IGF1) levels. The characteristics of patients most likely to achieve sustained remission after treatment discontinuation are not well understood, although limited evidence suggests that sustained remission is more likely in patients with lower GH and IGF1 levels before treatment withdrawal, in those who respond well to low-dose treatment, in those without evidence of adenoma on an MRI scan and/or in patients who receive long-term treatment...
2016: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933138/treatment-options-for-spontaneous-and-postoperative-sclerosing-mesenteritis
#11
Jennifer Klasen, Ulrich Güller, Brigitte Muff, Daniel Candinas, Christian A Seiler, René Fahrner
Sclerosing mesenteritis is a rare pathology with only a few described cases in the literature. The etiology is unclear; however, several potential triggers, including abdominal surgery and abdominal trauma, have been discussed. The pathology includes a benign acute or chronic inflammatory process affecting the adipose tissue of the mesenterium. Despite it being a rare disease, sclerosing mesenteritis is an important differential diagnosis in patients after abdominal surgery or patients presenting spontaneously with signs of acute inflammation and abdominal pain...
November 27, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933135/impact-of-laparoscopic-surgery-training-laboratory-on-surgeon-s-performance
#12
REVIEW
Fabio C M Torricelli, Joao Arthur B A Barbosa, Giovanni S Marchini
Minimally invasive surgery has been replacing the open standard technique in several procedures. Similar or even better postoperative outcomes have been described in laparoscopic or robot-assisted procedures when compared to open surgery. Moreover, minimally invasive surgery has been providing less postoperative pain, shorter hospitalization, and thus a faster return to daily activities. However, the learning curve required to obtain laparoscopic expertise has been a barrier in laparoscopic spreading. Laparoscopic surgery training laboratory has been developed to aid surgeons to overcome the challenging learning curve...
November 27, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932894/effects-of-parecoxib-on-postoperative-pain-and-opioid-related-symptoms-following-gynecologic-surgery
#13
Bruce Parsons, Qijiang Zhu, Li Xie, Chunming Li, Raymond Cheung
OBJECTIVE: To examine the analgesic and opioid-sparing effects of parecoxib following major gynecologic surgery. METHODS: This is a large subset analysis of patients from a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of parecoxib/valdecoxib (PAR/VAL) for postoperative pain. Pain severity, pain interference with function, opioid use, occurrence of opioid-related symptoms, and Patient/Physician Global Evaluation of Study Medication were compared between placebo and PAR/VAL treatment groups in the days following surgery...
2016: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932888/preoperative-risk-factors-in-total-thyroidectomy-of-substernal-goiter
#14
Aldo Bove, Raffaella Maria Di Renzo, Gauro D'Urbano, Manuela Bellobono, Vincenzo D' Addetta, Alfonso Lapergola, Giuseppe Bongarzoni
The definition of substernal goiter (SG) is based on variable criteria leading to a considerable variation in the reported incidence (from 0.2% to 45%). The peri- and postoperative complications are higher in total thyroidectomy (TT) for SG than that for cervical goiter. The aim of this study was to evaluate the preoperative risk factors associated with postoperative complications. From 2002 to 2014, 142 (8.5%; 98 women and 44 men) of the 1690 patients who underwent TT had a SG. We retrospectively evaluated the following parameters: sex, age, histology, pre- and retrovascular position, recurrence, and extension beyond the carina...
2016: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932862/role-of-the-treating-surgeon-in-the-consent-process-for-elective-refractive-surgery
#15
Steven C Schallhorn, Stephen J Hannan, David Teenan, Julie M Schallhorn
PURPOSE: To compare patient's perception of consent quality, clinical and quality-of-life outcomes after laser vision correction (LVC) and refractive lens exchange (RLE) between patients who met their treating surgeon prior to the day of surgery (PDOS) or on the day of surgery (DOS). DESIGN: Retrospective, comparative case series. SETTING: Optical Express, Glasgow, UK. METHODS: Patients treated between October 2015 and June 2016 (3972 LVC and 979 RLE patients) who attended 1-day and 1-month postoperative aftercare and answered a questionnaire were included in this study...
2016: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932769/-correction-of-posttraumatic-thoracolumbar-kyphosis-with-modified-pedicle-subtraction-osteotomy
#16
Fei Chen, Yijun Kang, Bin Zhou, Zhehao Dai
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of modified pedicle subtraction osteotomy for treatment of thoracolumbar old fracture with kyphosis.
 Methods: From January 2003 to January 2013, 58 patients of thoracolumbar kyphosis, who underwent modified pedicle subtraction osteotomy, were reviewed. Among them, 45 cases underwent initial operation and 13 cases underwent revision surgery. Preoperative and postoperative kyphotic Cobb's angle, score of back pain, as well as the incidence of complication were accessed by using visual analogue scale (VAS) and Oswestry disability index (ODI)...
November 28, 2016: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932749/-hemorrhage-from-an-angiographically-obliterated-arteriovenous-malformation-after-gamma-knife-radiosurgery-an-immunohistochemistry-study
#17
Saori Hamada, Daina Kashiwazaki, Tetsuhiro Kamo, Takahiro Tomita, Naoki Akioka, Naoya Kuwayama, Satoshi Kuroda
A 24-year-old woman was diagnosed with a cerebral arteriovenous malformation(AVM)in the right parietal lobe(Spetzler-Martin grade I). The AVM was treated with stereotactic radiosurgery and was observed to have completely disappeared 3 years after radiosurgery. At the age of 35 years, the patient complained of a headache, and was referred to our hospital. A plain CT scan demonstrated a large cyst with niveau formation in the right parietal lobe. Cerebral angiography identified no recurrence of AVM. However, contrast MRI revealed an enhanced lesion on the surface of the cyst...
December 2016: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932748/-hydrocephalus-associated-with-small-clinoidal-meningioma-that-resolved-after-tumor-removal-a-case-report
#18
Hidemoto Fujiwara, Toyotaka Aiba, Toru Watanabe, Tetsuya Hiraishi, Yukihiko Fujii
PURPOSE: Small meningiomas causing hydrocephalus without obstruction of the ventricular system are rare. Herein, we report a case of small clinoidal meningioma with communicating hydrocephalus, which resolved after tumor removal. CASE PRESENTATION: A 70-year-old woman presented with a 1-month history of memory disturbance followed by gait disturbance. MR images revealed a right clinoidal meningioma, 2 cm in diameter, and dilatation of the ventricles suggesting communicating hydrocephalus...
December 2016: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932658/correction-for-pradeep-et-al-draft-genome-sequence-of-elizabethkingia-anopheles-isolated-from-a-postoperative-endophthalmitis-patient
#19
Bulagonda Eswarappa Pradeep, Niranjana Mahalingam, Bhavani Manivannan, Krishnanand Padmanabhan, Pravin Nilawe, Girija Gurung, Amit Chhabra, Valakunja Nagaraja
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 8, 2016: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932571/esmolol-before-cardioplegia-and-as-cardioplegia-adjuvant-reduces-cardiac-troponin-release-after-cardiac-surgery-a-randomized-trial
#20
Elena Bignami, Marcello Guarnieri, Annalisa Franco, Chiara Gerli, Monica De Luca, Fabrizio Monaco, Giovanni Landoni, Alberto Zangrillo
BACKGROUND: Cardioplegic solutions are the standard in myocardial protection during cardiac surgery, since they interrupt the electro-mechanical activity of the heart and protect it from ischemia during aortic cross-clamping. Nevertheless, myocardial damage has a strong clinical impact. We tested the hypothesis that the short-acting beta-blocker esmolol, given immediately before cardiopulmonary bypass and as a cardioplegia additive, would provide an extra protection to myocardial tissue during cardiopulmonary bypass by virtually reducing myocardial activity and, therefore, oxygen consumption to zero...
December 8, 2016: Perfusion
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