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thyroid breast Parathyroid

Adam Stangierski, Kosma Wolinski, Marek Ruchala
PURPOSE: Shear wave elastography (SWE) was described as valuable tool in the diagnostics of distinct types of thyroid lesions, thyroiditis and several other non-thyroidal conditions, such as liver inflammation and fibrosis or diagnostics of breast lesions. The aim of the current study was to assess the appearance of parathyroid adenomas in SWE and to check prospectively if SWE can be valuable additional tool in the diagnostics of pathologically enlarged parathyroids. METHODS: Patients with parathyroid adenomas confirmed by histopathology were included...
May 2018: Endocrine
Li-Yong Zhang, Wen-Xin Zhao, Bo Wang, Shou-Yi Yan, Jia Wen
OBJECTIVE: To study the feasibility of gas-liquid mixing tumescent solution for creating a working space (WS) in endoscopic thyroidectomy (ET). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study was performed on 186 patients with thyroid tumor who had undergone ET via chest and breast approach. Patients were randomly divided into 2 groups to receive traditional tumescent solution as group A and modified tumescent solution (gas-liquid mixing tumescent solution) as group B...
January 1, 2018: Surgical Innovation
Sylvia L Asa, Ozgur Mete
Endocrine pathology is the subspecialty of diagnostic pathology which deals with the diagnosis and characterisation of neoplastic and non-neoplastic diseases of the endocrine system. This relatively young subspecialty was initially focused mainly on thyroid and parathyroid pathology, with some participants also involved in studies of the pituitary, the endocrine pancreas, and the adrenal glands. However, the endocrine system involves much more than these traditional endocrine organs and the discipline has grown to encompass lesions of the dispersed neuroendocrine cells, including neuroendocrine tumours (NETs) of the lungs, gastrointestinal tract, thymus, breast and prostate, as well as paraganglia throughout the body, not just in the adrenals...
January 2018: Pathology
Carolyn D Seib, Holly Rochefort, Kathryn Chomsky-Higgins, Jessica E Gosnell, Insoo Suh, Wen T Shen, Quan-Yang Duh, Emily Finlayson
Importance: Frailty is a measure of decreased physiological reserve that is associated with morbidity and mortality in major elective and emergency general surgery operations, independent of chronological age. To date, the association of frailty with outcomes in ambulatory general surgery has not been established. Objective: To determine the association between frailty and perioperative morbidity in patients undergoing ambulatory general surgery operations. Design, Setting, and Participants: A retrospective cohort study was conducted of 140 828 patients older than 40 years of age from the 2007-2010 American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Participant Use File who underwent ambulatory and 23-hour-stay hernia, breast, thyroid, or parathyroid surgery...
February 1, 2018: JAMA Surgery
Hyeong Won Yu, Joon Woo Chung, Jin Wook Yi, Ra-Yeong Song, Joon-Hyop Lee, Hyungju Kwon, Su-Jin Kim, Young Jun Chai, June Young Choi, Kyu Eun Lee
BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether near-infrared (NIR) light-induced indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence can effectively identify, and thus permit the preservation of, parathyroid glands in bilateral axillo-breast approach (BABA) robotic thyroidectomy. This case-control study with a prospectively recruited consecutive series and a retrospectively selected control group assessed the usefulness of ICG with Firefly(R) technology to identify the parathyroid glands intraoperatively during BABA robotic thyroidectomy...
July 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
W Langsteger, A Rezaee, W Loidl, H S Geinitz, F Fitz, M Steinmair, G Broinger, L Pallwien-Prettner, M Beheshti, L Imamovic, M Beheshti, G Rendl, D Hackl, O Tsybrovsky, M Steinmair, K Emmanuel, F Moinfar, C Pirich, W Langsteger, A Bytyqi, G Karanikas, M Mayerhöfer, O Koperek, B Niederle, M Hartenbach, T Beyer, K Herrmann, J Czernin, I Rausch, P Rust, M D DiFranco, M Lassen, A Stadlbauer, M E Mayerhöfer, M Hartenbach, M Hacker, T Beyer, K Binzel, R Magnussen, W Wei, M U Knopp, D C Flanigan, C Kaeding, M V Knopp, A Leisser, M Nejabat, M Hartenbach, G Kramer, M Krainer, M Hacker, A Haug, Wencke Lehnert, Karl Schmidt, Sharok Kimiaei, Marcus Bronzel, Andreas Kluge, C L Wright, K Binzel, J Zhang, Evan Wuthrick, Piotr Maniawski, M V Knopp, M Blaickner, E Rados, A Huber, M Dulovits, H Kulkarni, S Wiessalla, C Schuchardt, R P Baum, B Knäusl, D Georg, M Bauer, B Wulkersdorfer, W Wadsak, C Philippe, H Haslacher, M Zeitlinger, O Langer, M Bauer, M Feldmann, R Karch, W Wadsak, M Zeitlinger, M J Koepp, M-C Asselin, E Pataraia, O Langer, M Zeilinger, C Philippe, M Dumanic, F Pichler, J Pilz, M Hacker, W Wadsak, M Mitterhauser, L Nics, B Steiner, M Hacker, M Mitterhauser, W Wadsak, A Traxl, Thomas Wanek, Kushtrim Kryeziu, Severin Mairinger, Johann Stanek, Walter Berger, Claudia Kuntner, Oliver Langer, S Mairinger, T Wanek, A Traxl, M Krohn, J Stanek, T Filip, M Sauberer, C Kuntner, J Pahnke, O Langer, D Svatunek, C Denk, M Wilkovitsch, T Wanek, T Filip, C Kuntner-Hannes, J Fröhlich, H Mikula, C Denk, D Svatunek, T Wanek, S Mairinger, J Stanek, T Filip, J Fröhlich, H Mikula, C Kuntner-Hannes, T Balber, J Singer, J Fazekas, C Rami-Mark, N Berroterán-Infante, E Jensen-Jarolim, W Wadsak, M Hacker, H Viernstein, M Mitterhauser, C Denk, D Svatunek, B Sohr, H Mikula, J Fröhlich, T Wanek, C Kuntner-Hannes, T Filip, S Pfaff, C Philippe, M Mitterhauser, M Hartenbach, M Hacker, W Wadsak, T Wanek, E Halilbasic, M Visentin, S Mairinger, B Stieger, C Kuntner, M Trauner, O Langer, P Lam, M Aistleitner, R Eichinger, C Artner, H Eidherr, C Vraka, A Haug, M Mitterhauser, L Nics, M Hartenbach, M Hacker, W Wadsak, H Kvaternik, R Müller, D Hausberger, C Zink, R M Aigner, U Cossío, M Asensio, A Montes, S Akhtar, Y Te Welscher, R van Nostrum, V Gómez-Vallejo, J Llop, F VandeVyver, T Barclay, N Lippens, M Troch, L Hehenwarter, B Egger, J Holzmannhofer, M Rodrigues-Radischat, C Pirich, N Pötsch, I Rausch, D Wilhelm, M Weber, J Furtner, G Karanikas, A Wöhrer, M Mitterhauser, M Hacker, T Traub-Weidinger, T Cassou-Mounat, S Balogova, V Nataf, M Calzada, V Huchet, K Kerrou, J-Y Devaux, M Mohty, L Garderet, J-N Talbot, S Stanzel, G Pregartner, T Schwarz, V Bjelic-Radisic, B Liegl-Atzwanger, R Aigner, S Stanzel, F Quehenberger, R M Aigner, A Koljević Marković, Milica Janković, V Miler Jerković, M Paskaš, G Pupić, R Džodić, D Popović, M C Fornito, D Familiari, P Koranda, H Polzerová, I Metelková, L Henzlová, R Formánek, E Buriánková, M Kamínek, W H Thomson, C Lewis, W H Thomson, J O'Brien, G James, A Notghi, H Huber, I Stelzmüller, R Wunn, M Mandl, F Fellner, B Lamprecht, M Gabriel, M C Fornito, G Leonardi, W H Thomson, J O'Brien, G James, J Hudzietzová, J Sabol, M Fülöp
A1 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT in staging and restaging of Prostate Cancer Patients: comparative study with 18F-Choline PET/CTW Langsteger, A Rezaee, W Loidl, HS Geinitz, F Fitz, M Steinmair, G Broinger, L Pallwien-Prettner, M BeheshtiA2 F18 Choline PET - CT: an accurate diagnostic tool for the detection of parathyroid adenoma?L Imamovic, M Beheshti, G Rendl, D Hackl, O Tsybrovsky, M Steinmair, K Emmanuel, F Moinfar, C Pirich, W LangstegerA3 [18F]Fluoro-DOPA-PET/CT in the primary diagnosis of medullary thyroid carcinomaA Bytyqi, G Karanikas, M Mayerhöfer, O Koperek, B Niederle, M HartenbachA4 Variations of clinical PET/MR operations: An international survey on the clinical utilization of PET/MRIT Beyer, K Herrmann, J CzerninA5 Standard Dixon-based attenuation correction in combined PET/MRI: Reproducibility and the possibility of Lean body mass estimationI Rausch, P Rust, MD DiFranco, M Lassen, A Stadlbauer, ME Mayerhöfer, M Hartenbach, M Hacker, T BeyerA6 High resolution digital FDG PET/MRI imaging for assessment of ACL graft viabilityK Binzel, R Magnussen, W Wei, MU Knopp, DC Flanigan, C Kaeding, MV KnoppA7 Using pre-existing hematotoxicity as predictor for severe side effects and number of treatment cycles of Xofigo therapyA Leisser, M Nejabat, M Hartenbach, G Kramer, M Krainer, M Hacker, A HaugA8 QDOSE - comprehensive software solution for internal dose assessmentWencke Lehnert, Karl Schmidt, Sharok Kimiaei, Marcus Bronzel, Andreas KlugeA9 Clinical impact of Time-of-Flight on next-generation digital PET imaging of Yttrium-90 radioactivity following liver radioembolizationCL Wright, K Binzel, J Zhang, Evan Wuthrick, Piotr Maniawski, MV KnoppA10 Snakes in patients! Lessons learned from programming active contours for automated organ segmentationM Blaickner, E Rados, A Huber, M Dulovits, H Kulkarni, S Wiessalla, C Schuchardt, RP Baum, B Knäusl, D GeorgA11 Influence of a genetic polymorphism on brain uptake of the dual ABCB1/ABCG2 substrate [11C]tariquidarM Bauer, B Wulkersdorfer, W Wadsak, C Philippe, H Haslacher, M Zeitlinger, O LangerA12 Outcome prediction of temporal lobe epilepsy surgery from P-glycoprotein activity...
April 2016: EJNMMI Research
Martin J Magers, Julie C Dueber, Madelyn Lew, Judy C Pang, Robertson D Davenport
Metastases to the thyroid are uncommon [<0.2% of thyroid fine needle aspirations (FNA)]. Of metastases to the thyroid, breast carcinoma is relatively common. The diagnosis of metastasis to the thyroid has important therapeutic and prognostic implications. To our knowledge, a morphologic and immunophenotypic comparison of metastatic ductal carcinoma of the breast and primary thyroid carcinomas has not been reported. Here, we report the case of a 37-year-old female with a history of metastatic ductal carcinoma of the breast (modified Bloom-Richardson grade 2; ER+, PgR+, HER2+) diagnosed 6 years prior...
June 2016: Diagnostic Cytopathology
E M Rodríguez, A Bach, M Devant, A Aris
The objective of this study was to assess the potential importance of calcitonin (CALC) in the onset of subclinical hypocalcemia (experiment 1) and in the physiological mechanisms underlying the prevention of bovine hypocalcemia under metabolic acidosis (experiments 2 and 3). In experiment 1, 15 Holstein cows naturally incurring subclinical hypocalcemia during the first 5d postpartum were classified as low subclinical hypocalcemia (LSH) when blood Ca concentrations were between 7.5 and 8.5mg/dL, or as high subclinical hypocalcemia (HSH) when blood Ca concentrations were between 6...
April 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
P Prasad, C Clout, E Lorenz, B J Harrison, S P Balasubramanian
BACKGROUND: Imaging for pre-operative localisation of parathyroid glands in primary hyperparathyroidism is now routine. This has led to the detection of incidental lesions (incidentalomas) in other organs, the nature of which is not well characterised. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence, characteristics and outcomes in patients who had incidental findings on parathyroid imaging. METHODS: Records of patients who underwent imaging for primary hyperparathyroidism over 2 years were reviewed to identify incidental lesions detected on parathyroid imaging...
2015: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
A Porzionato, M Rucinski, V Macchi, G Sarasin, L K Malendowicz, R De Caro
The Esophageal Cancer Related Gene 4 (ECRG4) is a highly conserved tumour suppressor gene encoding various peptides (augurin, CΔ16 augurin, ecilin, argilin, CΔ16 argilin) which can be processed and secreted. In the present work, we examined ECRG4 expression and location in a wide range of rat organs and reviewed the available literature. ECRG4 mRNA was identified in all examined tissues by quantitative PCR (qPCR). ECRG4 immunoreaction was mainly cytoplasmic, and was detected in heart and skeletal muscles, smooth muscle cells showing only weak reactions...
2015: European Journal of Histochemistry: EJH
Zhang Chaojie, Lei Shanshan, Zhang Zhigong, He Jie, Xiao Shuwen, Fan Peizhi, Xie Jing, Gu Xiaowen, Li Yang, Zheng Wei
BACKGROUND: The incidence of parathyroid injury in patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) who underwent reoperation is significantly higher than that incurred from the initial surgery. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical value of carbon nanoparticles (CN) as tracers for lymph nodes to guide cervical lymph node dissection and protect the parathyroid during reoperation for DTC. METHODS: Our study recruited 116 patients with DTC who previously underwent thyroidectomy and later received remedial surgical treatment at the Department of Breast and Thyroid Surgery, Hunan Provincial People's Hospital, China, between February 2011 and February 2014...
February 2016: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
Punit Sharma, Anirban Mukherjee, Sellam Karunanithi, Niraj Naswa, Rakesh Kumar, Ariachery C Ammini, Chandrasekhar Bal
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of ⁶⁸Ga DOTANOC PET/CT imaging in patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) syndromes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data of 33 patients (age, 33.5 [13.8] years; male 14/female 19) with MEN syndromes (MEN 1, 9; MEN 2A, 19; MEN 2B, 5) who underwent 41 ⁶⁸Ga DOTANOC PET/CT studies were retrospectively analyzed. Twenty PET/CTs were done for staging and 21 for restating. PET/CT images were evaluated in consensus by 2 nuclear medicine physicians, qualitatively and semiquantitatively (SUV(max))...
July 2015: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
B Salvatore, M G Caprio, R Fonti, D D'Amico, F Fraioli, M Salvatore, L Pace
AIM: To assess whether performing routinely 2-deoxy-2-[(18)F]fluoro-D-glucose PET/CT ((18)FDG PET/CT) scan from the upper thigh to the vertex of skull is clinically relevant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 3502 (1634 female; mean-age 60+16) consecutive patients undergoing (18)FDG PET/CT were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided in 10 groups according to primary malignancy. Chi-square analysis was used to assess differences among proportions. A p value < 0...
January 2015: Translational Medicine @ UniSa
Ezekiel Maloney, Joo Ha Hwang
High intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU), is a promising, non-invasive modality for treatment of tumours in conjunction with magnetic resonance imaging or diagnostic ultrasound guidance. HIFU is being used increasingly for treatment of prostate cancer and uterine fibroids. Over the last 10 years a growing number of clinical trials have examined HIFU treatment of both benign and malignant tumours of the liver, breast, pancreas, bone, connective tissue, thyroid, parathyroid, kidney and brain. For some of these emerging indications, HIFU is poised to become a serious alternative or adjunct to current standard treatments--including surgery, radiation, gene therapy, immunotherapy, and chemotherapy...
May 2015: International Journal of Hyperthermia
Yong-Seok Kim, Kyu-Hwa Joo, Sun-Cheol Park, Kee-Hwan Kim, Chang-Hyuck Ahn, Jeong-Soo Kim
BACKGROUND: Thyroid carcinoma in young women is rapidly increasing, and cosmesis plays an important role in thyroid operations. Various endoscopic thyroid surgery approaches have been performed, and their application has recently been extended. We performed endoscopic thyroid surgeries via a breast approach since 1999. Herein, we evaluate the safety of this approach and identify the outcomes for differentiated thyroid carcinoma. METHODS: A total of 452 consecutive patients with thyroid and parathyroid disease underwent endoscopic thyroidectomy via a breast approach at Uijeongbu St...
August 5, 2014: BMC Surgery
Issa A Hazza, Manahil S Ghandour, Reham I Almardini, Rana E Haddad, Ghazi M Salaita
Although hypercalcemia and hypercalciuria are known to occur in breast-fed pre-term infants, to the best of our knowledge, it has never been reported in a term baby previously. We report a term male baby who was followed-up during pregnancy for having bright kidneys, but a follow-up renal ultrasound (US) after birth had revealed normal scan. Laboratory investigations revealed normal serum calcium (Ca), phosphorous (PO₄) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP). The baby was being fed by breast milk. Follow-up US two months later showed early nephrocalcinosis along with hypercalcemia and hypercalciuria; by the age of three months, nephrocalcinosis was more extensive and the serum Ca level was more than 12 mg/L with hypercalciuria...
July 2014: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
Young Ju Jeong, Hoon Kyu Oh, Jin Gu Bong
Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) is a cancer predisposition syndrome that includes a combination of endocrine and non-endocrine tumors. The present study reports a rare case of MEN1 associated with breast cancer with the MEN1 gene mutation. A 45-year-old female was diagnosed with breast cancer subsequent to presenting with a right breast mass. Pre-operative radiological studies indicated right breast cancer with a suspicious metastatic nodule of the lung. Further studies demonstrated bilateral thyroid nodules, a neuroendocrine tumor of the pancreas, paraganglioma, a left adrenal adenoma, gallstones, uterine subserosal myoma and pituitary macroadenoma...
July 2014: Oncology Letters
Sandra Rodríguez-Rodero, Elías Delgado-Álvarez, Agustín F Fernández, Juan L Fernández-Morera, Edelmiro Menéndez-Torre, Mario F Fraga
Aberrant epigenetics is a hallmark of cancer, and endocrine-related tumors are no exception. Recent research has been identifying an ever-growing number of epigenetic alterations in both genomic DNA methylation and histone post-translational modification in tumors of the endocrine system. Novel microarray and ultra-deep sequencing technologies have allowed the identification of genome-wide epigenetic patterns in some tumor types such as adrenocortical, parathyroid, and breast carcinomas. However, in other cancer types, such as the multiple endocrine neoplasia syndromes and thyroid cancer, tumor information is limited to candidate genes alone...
August 2014: Endocrine-related Cancer
Daniele Crocetti, Giuseppe Pedullà, Maria Rita Tarallo, Antonietta De Gori, Annalisa Paliotta, Giuseppe Cavallaro, Giorgio De Toma
BACKGROUND: Perivascular epithelioid cell tumors (PEComas), make up a family of extremely rare mesenchymal neoplasms, with characteristic morphological, immunohistochemical and molecular findings. Malignant PEComas and gastrointestinal epithelioid angiomyolipoma (E-AML) are especially rare. To the best of our knowledge E-AML have not been found in the breast. The difficulty in determining what constitutes optimal therapy for PEComas, owing to the sparse literature available, led us to report this rare case...
March 2014: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
Tianhui Chen, Mahdi Fallah, Elham Kharazmi, Jianguang Ji, Kristina Sundquist, Kari Hemminki
Using the Swedish Family-Cancer Database, we assessed the effect of a detailed family history of melanoma on risk for other tumors (other than melanoma). Among 248,011 individuals with a family history of melanoma, 43,931 other tumors were diagnosed from 1958 to 2010. Standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) were calculated for other tumors in patients who had a family history of melanoma, as compared with those without. A detailed family history of melanoma was investigated according to an increasing number of melanomas in either 1 or ≥ 2 first-degree relatives (FDRs)...
April 2014: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
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