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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914183/interphalangeal-joint-sonography-of-symptomatic-hand-osteoarthritis-clinical-and-functional-correlation
#1
Natalia de Oliva Spolidoro Paschoal, Jamil Natour, Flavia S Machado, Hilda Alcântara Veiga de Oliveira, Rita Nely Vilar Furtado
OBJECTIVES: To assess the correlation between inflammatory sonographic findings (grayscale synovial hypertrophy and power Doppler) and clinical and functional assessments in hand osteoarthritis (symptomatic interphalangeal joints) and to correlate the intraobserver and interobserver reliability of these findings. METHODS: A prospective double-blind study of 60 interphalangeal joints was conducted. The joints were assessed 6 times per year by clinician and sonographer observers...
December 3, 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914181/can-sonography-be-used-to-estimate-deep-abdominal-muscle-activation-in-different-static-arm-positions-while-standing
#2
Martin Eriksson Crommert, Monica Unsgaard-Tøndel, Ottar Vasseljen
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate whether sonography is a reliable tool for measuring deep abdominal muscle activation in different static arm positions while standing. METHODS: Sonographic recordings were made of the transversus abdominis and obliquus internus abdominis in 4 different static arm positions that varied with regard to the postural demand and loading direction posed on the trunk. Ten nonconsecutive repetitions of each arm position were performed, and thickness measurements were made at 2 locations within each muscle...
December 3, 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914175/dynamic-changes-in-liver-stiffness-measured-by-transient-elastography-predict-clinical-outcomes-among-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-b
#3
Jianyong Zeng, Shaohang Cai, Jiajun Liu, Xiulan Xue, Xiaolu Wu, Caixia Zheng
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the validity of transient elastography in monitoring the antiviral outcomes in patients with chronic hepatitis B. METHODS: This study included 108 patients treated with nucleos(t)ide analogues and 67 patients treated with interferon (IFN). Liver biopsies were evaluated by the METAVIR score. Transient elastography was performed initially at baseline, 48 weeks, and 96 weeks. Liver tissue was obtained before and after 96 weeks of treatment...
December 3, 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914166/trauma-related-dissociation-psychological-features-and-psychophysiological-responses-to-script-driven-imagery-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#4
Dana Bichescu-Burian, Jürgen Steyer, Tilman Steinert, Benjamin Grieb, Stefan Tschöke
Defense reactions to threatening situations are vital adaptations to stress that protect organisms from injury and ensure survival. We retrospectively investigated the role of peritraumatic dissociation (PD) in the occurrence of severe psychopathology and dissociative patterns of reactions in borderline personality disorder (BPD). We recruited 28 patients with a clinical diagnosis of BPD and 15 healthy controls. The BPD group was divided according to the level of PD (low vs. high): BPD and PD (n = 15) and BPD only (n = 13)...
December 3, 2016: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914158/causes-of-death-in-an-acute-psychiatric-inpatient-unit-of-a-portuguese-general-hospital
#5
Sofia Barbosa, Márcia Sequeira, Sara Castro, Rita Manso, Catarina Klut Câmara, Bruno Trancas, Nuno Borja-Santos, Teresa Maia
INTRODUCTION: Psychiatric patients are at increased risk of death from a number of natural and unnatural causes. This study examines the mortality causes of all psychiatric inpatients of an acute psychiatric unit at a general hospital in Portugal for sixteen years (1998 to 2013). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-one inpatients died at the inpatient unit between 1998 and 2013 (average 1.3 per year). A retrospective study through case-file review was carried to collect demographic characteristics, medical and psychiatry diagnosis...
August 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914134/association-between-lumbar-bone-mineral-density-and-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-korean-adults-a-cross-sectional-study-of-healthy-twin-study
#6
Jinyoung Shin, Joo Hyun Park, Yun Mi Song, Kayoung Lee, Joohon Sung
Bone mineral density (BMD) has been suggested to be associated with atherosclerosis. In the present study, we evaluated the association between lumbar BMD and the segments of carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT), a surrogate marker of subclinical atherosclerosis, in Korean adults, with consideration of sex and menopause status. Among 1,679 Korean adults who enrolled in a Healthy Twin Study, 723 men, 690 premenopausal women, and 266 postmenopausal women measured the CIMT at the common carotid artery intima-media thickness (CCA-IMT), carotid bifurcation intima-media thickness (BIF-IMT), internal carotid artery intima-media thickness (ICA-IMT) using B-mode ultrasound and lumbar BMD using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry...
January 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914119/fibrinogen-and-d-dimer-levels-elevate-in-advanced-hepatocellular-carcinoma-high-pretreatment-fibrinogen-levels-predict-poor-outcomes
#7
Zhikun Liu, Haijun Guo, Feng Gao, Qiaonan Shan, Jie Li, Haiyang Xie, Lin Zhou, Xiao Xu, Shusen Zheng
AIM: Plasma fibrinogen and D-dimer have been reported to predict survival in several types of malignancies. The aim of this study is to investigate their predictive value in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed plasma fibrinogen and D-dimer levels from 252 subjects: control (n = 20), hepatitis (n = 20), cirrhosis (n = 20), and HCC (n = 192) subjects. The clinical involvement and prognostic value of fibrinogen and D-dimer was analyzed in HCC subjects...
December 3, 2016: Hepatology Research: the Official Journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914110/physical-exercise-for-the-treatment-of-non-ulcerated-chronic-venous-insufficiency
#8
REVIEW
Diego N Araujo, Cibele Td Ribeiro, Alvaro Cc Maciel, Selma S Bruno, Guilherme Af Fregonezi, Fernando Al Dias
BACKGROUND: Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) is a common disease that causes discomfort and impairs the quality of life of affected persons. Treatments such as physical exercise that aim to increase the movement of the ankle joint and strengthen the muscle pump in the calf of the leg may be useful to reduce the symptoms of CVI. OBJECTIVES: To assess and summarise the existing clinical evidence on the efficacy and safety of physical exercise programmes for the treatment of individuals with non-ulcerated CVI...
December 3, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914106/effect-of-cranberry-extract-on-the-frequency-of-bacteriuria-in-dogs-with-acute-thoracolumbar-disk-herniation-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#9
N J Olby, S L Vaden, K Williams, E H Griffith, T Harris, C L Mariani, K R Muñana, P J Early, S R Platt, L Boozer, C Giovanella, R Longshore
BACKGROUND: Dogs with spinal cord injury are at increased risk of developing bacteriuria due to increased residual urine volume. Cranberry extract inhibits binding of E. coli to uroepithelial cells, potentially reducing risk of bacteriuria. HYPOTHESIS: Cranberry extract reduces risk of bacteriuria in dogs after acute TL-IVDH. ANIMALS: Client-owned dogs with acute onset TL-IVDH causing nonambulatory status. METHODS: Randomized, placebo-controlled, blinded, prospective clinical trial...
December 3, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914104/counting-the-cost-of-alcohol-what-you-measure-will-shape-the-policy-response
#10
Srinivasa Vittal Katikireddi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2, 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914094/walking-through-a-virtual-environment-improves-perceived-size-within-and-beyond-the-walked-space
#11
Zachary D Siegel, Jonathan W Kelly
Distances tend to be underperceived in virtual environments (VEs) by up to 50%, whereas distances tend to be perceived accurately in the real world. Previous work has shown that allowing participants to interact with the VE while receiving continual visual feedback can reduce this underperception. Judgments of virtual object size have been used to measure whether this improvement is due to the rescaling of perceived space, but there is disagreement within the literature as to whether judgments of object size benefit from interaction with feedback...
December 2, 2016: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914090/measuring-antibody-orientation-at-the-bacterial-surface
#12
Oonagh Shannon, Pontus Nordenfelt
Many bacteria have the ability to interact with antibodies as a means to circumvent the immune response. This includes binding to the Fc portion of antibodies, effectively reversing the antibody orientation and thus decreasing the Fc-mediated immune signaling. Since antibody orientation at the bacterial surface has been shown to be important in human disease, it is valuable to be able to assess how antibodies are interacting with bacterial pathogens. Here, we describe a method to measure the proportion of human IgG that are bound via their Fc or Fabs to a bacterial surface...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914079/assessing-vacuolar-escape-of-listeria-monocytogenes
#13
Juan J Quereda, Martin Sachse, Damien Balestrino, Théodore Grenier, Jennifer Fredlund, Anne Danckaert, Nathalie Aulner, Spencer Shorte, Jost Enninga, Pascale Cossart, Javier Pizarro-Cerdá
Listeria monocytogenes is a bacterial pathogen which invades and multiplies within non-professional phagocytes. Signaling cascades involved in cellular entry have been extensively analyzed, but the events leading to vacuolar escape remain less clear. In this chapter, we detail a microscopy FRET-based assay which allows quantitatively measuring L. monocytogenes infection and escape from its internalization vacuole, as well as a correlative light/electron microscopy method to investigate the morphological features of the vacuolar compartments containing L...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914042/perfectionism-mediated-the-relationship-between-brain-structure-variation-and-negative-emotion-in-a-nonclinical-sample
#14
Di Wu, Kangcheng Wang, Dongtao Wei, Qunlin Chen, Xue Du, Junyi Yang, Jiang Qiu
In maladaptive respects, perfectionism reflects an individual's concern over making mistakes and doubting the quality of his or her own actions excessively, which would affect one's emotion. However, little is known about the neural mechanisms associated with the perfectionism and negative affect. In this study, voxel-based morphometry was performed to identify the brain regions underlying individual differences in perfectionism, which was measured by the Chinese Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (CFMPS), in a large sample of nonclinical young adults...
December 2, 2016: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914041/paliperidone-loaded-nanolipomer-system-for-sustained-delivery-and-enhanced-intestinal-permeation-superiority-to-polymeric-and-solid-lipid-nanoparticles
#15
Hala Mahmoud Helal, Sana Mohamed Mortada, Marwa Ahmed Sallam
Paliperidone (PPD) is the most recent second-generation atypical antipsychotic approved for the treatment of schizophrenia. An immediate release dose causes extrapyramidal side effects. In this work, a novel nanolipomer carrier system for PPD with enhanced intestinal permeability and sustained release properties has been developed and optimized. PPD was successfully encapsulated into a lipomer consisting of a specific combination of biocompatible materials including poly-ε-caprolactone as a polymeric core, Lipoid S75, and Gelucire® 50/13 as a lipid shell and polyvinyl alcohol as a stabilizing agent...
December 2, 2016: AAPS PharmSciTech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914032/on-measuring-advances-in-human-arts-one-step-at-a-time
#16
EDITORIAL
David F Albertini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2, 2016: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914031/a-simple-spectrofluorimetric-method-for-iron-determination-with-a-chalcone-based-schiff-base
#17
Nurhayat Özbek, Hakan Alp, Gonca Çelik, Tuğba Ak, Osman Can Çağılcı, Nurettin Yaylı, Ümmühan Ocak, Miraç Ocak
A chalcone-based Schiff base (5), capable of detecting iron (III) in partially aqueous media, has been designed, then synthesized by the condensation of 3-formyl-2-hydroxyquinoline and acetophenone. To determine iron (III) ion, a simple spectrofluorimetric method was developed by using the synthesized Schiff base. The developed method was validated by analyzing the certified reference material (CRM-SA-C Sandy Soil C). During the process of the determination of iron in food samples, satisfactory accuracy was obtained for spinach and rocket...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Fluorescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914028/suboptimal-weight-loss-and-weight-regain-after-gastric-bypass-surgery-postoperative-status-of-energy-intake-eating-behavior-physical-activity-and-psychometrics
#18
Tina Amundsen, Magnus Strømmen, Catia Martins
BACKGROUND: Suboptimal weight loss (SWL) and weight regain (WR) after gastric bypass surgery (GB) remains poorly understood. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to compare GB patients experiencing SWL or significant WR (SigWR) with successful controls, regarding postoperative food intake, eating behavior, physical activity (PA), and psychometrics. METHODS: Forty-nine patients with >1 year post-surgery were classified as either experiencing SWL (excess body weight loss, EWL, <50%, n = 22) or SigWR (total weight regain ≥15%, n = 38), with respective control groups...
December 2, 2016: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914023/reliability-and-validity-of-the-persian-translation-of-berg-balance-scale-in-parkinson-disease
#19
Arash Babaei-Ghazani, Hosein Mohammadi, Gholam Ali Shahidi, Seyed Amir Hasan Habibi, Bijan Forogh, Tannaz Ahadi, Bina Eftekharsadat
PURPOSE: Parkinson disease (PD) is one of the common causes of imbalance, and the balance assessment is necessary for treatment and rehabilitation of these patients. The Berg Balance Scale (BBS) has been the main instrument used to evaluate balance impairment. The purpose of this study is to investigate reliability and validity of the Persian translation of BBS in Parkinson disease. METHODS: One hundred PD patients (with mean age of 56.8 ± 15.13 years) were included...
December 2, 2016: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914014/experimental-and-theoretical-investigation-of-sodiated-multimers-of-steroid-epimers-with-ion-mobility-mass-spectrometry
#20
Christopher D Chouinard, Vinícius Wilian D Cruzeiro, Adrian E Roitberg, Richard A Yost
Ion mobility-mass spectrometry (IM-MS) has recently seen increased use in the analysis of small molecules, especially in the field of metabolomics, for increased breadth of information and improved separation of isomers. In this study, steroid epimers androsterone and trans-androsterone were analyzed with IM-MS to investigate differences in their relative mobilities. Although sodiated monomers exhibited very similar collision cross-sections (CCS), baseline separation was observed for the sodiated dimer species (RS = 1...
December 2, 2016: Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry
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