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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353466/inter-observer-agreement-between-urologists-and-radiologists-in-interpreting-the-computed-tomography-images-of-emergency-patients-with-renal-colic
#1
Jun Young Hong, Dong Hoon Lee, In Ho Chang, Sung Bin Park, Chan Woong Kim, Byung Hoon Chi
PURPOSE: Low-dose non-enhanced computed tomography (LDCT) has been shown to provide low radiation exposure with proper diagnostic accuracy compared to standard dose non-enhanced computed tomography (SDCT) in patients with renal colic. The goal of our study is to estimate the accuracy of LDCT and SDCT interpretation by emergency medicine residents who primarily treated patients with renal colic. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty sample images of both LDCT and SDCT from renal colic patients were extracted from January 2013 to December 2015 in a tertiary teaching hospital...
January 21, 2018: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353452/random-regression-analysis-for-body-weights-and-main-morphological-traits-in-genetically-improved-farmed-tilapia-oreochromis-niloticus
#2
Jie He, Yunfeng Zhao, Jingli Zhao, Jin Gao, Pao Xu, Runqing Yang
To genetically analyse growth traits in genetically improved farmed tilapia (GIFT), the body weight (BWE) and main morphological traits, including body length (BL), body depth (BD), body width (BWI), head length (HL) and length of the caudal peduncle (CPL), were measured six times in growth duration on 1451 fish from 45 mixed families of full and half sibs. A random regression model (RRM) was used to model genetic changes of the growth traits with days of age and estimate the heritability for any growth point and genetic correlations between pairwise growth points...
January 20, 2018: Journal of Applied Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353447/the-combined-pn-stage-and-breast-cancer-subtypes-in-breast-cancer-a-better-discriminator-of-outcome-can-be-used-to-refine-the-8th-ajcc-staging-manual
#3
Zheng-Jun Yang, Yue Yu, Jiang-Rui Chi, Meng Guan, Ying Zhao, Xu-Chen Cao
BACKGROUND: pN stage and breast cancer subtypes (BCS) are both well-recognized prognostic indicators. Our previous work has highlighted that patients even with the same pN stage exhibited a significant survival difference in different BCS. Given this achievement, we hypothesized that a statistical interaction might exist between pN stage and BCS. The aim of this retrospective cohort study was to compare the prognostic value of the combined pN stage and BCS (pNnew stage) with either pN stage or BCS alone, and to determine if this combined new stage could serve as an alternative discriminator of outcome...
January 20, 2018: Breast Cancer: the Journal of the Japanese Breast Cancer Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353385/the-relative-importance-of-clinical-economic-patient-values-and-feasibility-criteria-in-cancer-drug-reimbursement-in-canada-a-revealed-preferences-analysis-of-recommendations-of-the-pan-canadian-oncology-drug-review-2011-2017
#4
Chris Skedgel, Dominika Wranik, Min Hu
BACKGROUND: Most Canadian provinces and territories rely on the pan-Canadian Oncology Drug Review (pCODR) to provide recommendations regarding public reimbursement of cancer drugs. The pCODR review process considers four dimensions of value-clinical benefit, economic evaluation, patient-based values and adoption feasibility-but they do not define weights for individual decision criteria or an acceptable threshold for any of the criteria. Given this implicit review process, it is of interest to understand which factors appear to carry the most weight in pCODR recommendations using a revealed preferences approach...
January 20, 2018: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353381/effect-of-kaempferol-pretreatment-on-myocardial-injury-in-rats
#5
Anamika Vishwakarma, Thakur Uttam Singh, Soya Rungsung, Tarun Kumar, Arunvikram Kandasamy, Subhashree Parida, Madhu Cholenahalli Lingaraju, Ajay Kumar, Asok Kumar, Dinesh Kumar
The present study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of kaempferol in isoprenaline (ISP)-induced myocardial injury in rats. ISP was administered subcutaneously for two subsequent days to induce myocardial injury. Assessment of myocardial injury was done by estimation of hemodynamic functions, myocardial infarcted area, cardiac injury markers, lipid profile, oxidative stress, pro-inflammatory cytokines and histopathology of heart and liver. Rats pretreated with kaempferol showed reduction in the myocardial infarcted area and heart rate...
January 20, 2018: Cardiovascular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353380/crystal-structure-of-the-nadp-and-tartrate-bound-complex-of-l-serine-3-dehydrogenase-from-the-hyperthermophilic-archaeon-pyrobaculum-calidifontis
#6
Kazunari Yoneda, Haruhiko Sakuraba, Tomohiro Araki, Toshihisa Ohshima
A gene encoding L-serine dehydrogenase (L-SerDH) that exhibits extremely low sequence identity to the Agrobacterium tumefaciens L-SerDH was identified in the hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrobaculum calidifontis. The predicted amino acid sequence showed 36% identity with that of Pseudomonas aeruginosa L-SerDH, suggesting that P. calidifontis L-SerDH is a novel type of L-SerDH, like Ps. aeruginosa L-SerDH. The overexpressed enzyme appears to be the most thermostable L-SerDH described to date, and no loss of activity was observed by incubation for 30 min at temperatures up to 100 °C...
January 20, 2018: Extremophiles: Life Under Extreme Conditions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353371/a-systematic-assessment-of-google-search-queries-and-readability-of-online-gynecologic-oncology-patient-education-materials
#7
Alexandra Martin, J Ryan Stewart, Jeremy Gaskins, Erin Medlin
The Internet is a major source of health information for gynecologic cancer patients. In this study, we systematically explore common Google search terms related to gynecologic cancer and calculate readability of top resulting websites. We used Google AdWords Keyword Planner to generate a list of commonly searched keywords related to gynecologic oncology, which were sorted into five groups (cervical cancer, ovarian cancer, uterine cancer, vulvar cancer, vaginal cancer) using five patient education websites from sgo...
January 20, 2018: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353344/safety-study-of-intravitreal-and-suprachoroidal-laponite-clay-in-rabbit-eyes
#8
Esther Prieto, Eugenio Vispe, Alba De Martino, Miriam Idoipe, María J Rodrigo, Elena Garcia-Martin, José M Fraile, Vicente Polo-Llorens, José A Mayoral
PURPOSE: To study the safety and biocompatibility of Laponite clay (LAP) within an intravitreal and suprachoroidal administration in rabbit eyes. METHODS: Thirty-two New Zealand albino rabbits were divided into two experimental groups to test intravitreal (IVT group) and suprachoroidal (SCS group) administration of a 100-μl and 50-μl Laponite suspension respectively. Following injection, the eyes were monitored by ocular tonometry, slit-lamp eye examination and indirect ophthalmoscopy, at 24 h, 1, 4, 12, and 14 weeks post administration...
January 20, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353330/leveraging-variable-sensor-spatial-acuity-with-a-homogeneous-multi-scale-place-recognition-framework
#9
Adam Jacobson, Zetao Chen, Michael Milford
Most robot navigation systems perform place recognition using a single-sensor modality and one, or at most two heterogeneous map scales. In contrast, mammals perform navigation by combining sensing from a wide variety of modalities including vision, auditory, olfactory and tactile senses with a multi-scale, homogeneous neural map of the environment. In this paper, we develop a multi-scale, multi-sensor system for mapping and place recognition that combines spatial localization hypotheses at different spatial scales from multiple different sensors to calculate an overall place recognition estimate...
January 20, 2018: Biological Cybernetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353321/energy-expenditure-of-rugby-players-during-a-14-day-in-season-period-measured-using-doubly-labelled-water
#10
Deborah R Smith, R F G J King, L C Duckworth, L Sutton, T Preston, J P O'Hara, B Jones
Criterion data for total energy expenditure (TEE) in elite rugby are lacking, which prediction equations may not reflect accurately. This study quantified TEE of 27 elite male rugby league (RL) and rugby union (RU) players (U16, U20, U24 age groups) during a 14-day in-season period using doubly labelled water (DLW). Measured TEE was also compared to estimated, using prediction equations. Resting metabolic rate (RMR) was measured using indirect calorimetry, and physical activity level (PAL) estimated (TEE:RMR)...
January 20, 2018: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353315/whole-grain-intakes-in-irish-adults-findings-from-the-national-adults-nutrition-survey-nans
#11
Clare B O'Donovan, Niamh F Devlin, Maria Buffini, Janette Walton, Albert Flynn, Michael J Gibney, Anne P Nugent, Breige A McNulty
PURPOSE: Observational studies link high whole grain intakes to reduced risk of many chronic diseases. This study quantified whole grain intakes in the Irish adult population and examined the major contributing sources. It also investigated potential dietary strategies to improve whole grain intakes. METHODS: Whole grain intakes were calculated in a nationally representative sample of 1500 Irish adults using data from the most recent national food survey, the National Adult Nutrition Survey (NANS)...
January 20, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353314/robot-assisted-post-chemotherapy-retroperitoneal-lymph-node-dissection-in-germ-cell-tumor-is-the-single-docking-with-lateral-approach-relevant
#12
C Overs, J B Beauval, L Mourey, P Rischmann, M Soulié, M Roumiguié, Nicolas Doumerc
INTRODUCTION: Surgical treatment of post-chemotherapy residual mass of germ cell tumor (GCT) may be performed in various techniques. We assess the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of single-docking with lateral approach robot-assisted retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (R-RPLND) in residual mass of GCT in our center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of patients undergoing R-RPLND for residual mass of CGT was performed between January 2014 and April 2017...
January 20, 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353297/individual-and-contextual-factors-related-to-binge-drinking-among-adolescents-in-spain-a-multilevel-approach
#13
Ester Teixidó-Compañó, Luis Sordo, Marina Bosque-Prous, Susanna Puigcorbé, Gregorio Barrio, M Teresa Brugal, María José J Belza, Albert Espelt
The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of binge drinking by regions in Spain and assess the effect of individual and contextual factors related to this drinking pattern in adolescents. A cross-sectional study was performed with data from the 2014 Spanish School Survey on Drug Use (ESTUDES) in students aged 14-18 years (N = 34,259). The outcome was binge drinking in adolescents during the last 30 days. Individual independent variables were socioeconomic variables and variables related to access to alcohol and its availability...
January 15, 2018: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353291/editorial-impact-of-the-binge-drinking-bd-in-adolescence-are-we-doing-it-right-editorial-impacto-del-consumo-epis%C3%A3-dico-excesivo-de-alcohol-en-la-adolescencia-%C3%A2-lo-estamos-haciendo-bien
#14
Ana Magdalena Vargas-Martínez, Marta Trapero-Bertran, Eugenia Gil-García, Marta Lima-Serrano
Nowadays, one of the most prevalent patterns of alcohol consumption is called binge drinking (BD). In 2015, the European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Drugs (ESPAD) Group estimated that about 35% of adolescents of 15-16 years old have had at least one BD occasion in the past 30 days while at national level, the series of surveys on the use of drugs in adolescents of secondary education (ESTUDES, 2014-2015) determined that 32.2% of adolescents stated having performed BD in the last month. The aim of this editorial was to update the context of adolescence drinking and analysing the impact of BD by ages, including health and social costs derived...
January 15, 2018: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353232/albuminuria-increases-the-risks-for-both-alzheimer-disease-and-vascular-dementia-in-community-dwelling-japanese-elderly-the-hisayama-study
#15
Keita Takae, Jun Hata, Tomoyuki Ohara, Daigo Yoshida, Mao Shibata, Naoko Mukai, Yoichiro Hirakawa, Hiro Kishimoto, Kazuhiko Tsuruya, Takanari Kitazono, Yutaka Kiyohara, Toshiharu Ninomiya
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic evidence has emerged to reveal an association of albuminuria and low estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) with dementia, but the findings are inconsistent. In addition, there are limited studies addressing the association between albuminuria and Alzheimer disease (AD). METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 1562 community-dwelling Japanese subjects aged ≥60 years without dementia were followed up for 10 years. The outcomes were incidence of all-cause dementia and its subtypes, namely, AD and vascular dementia (VaD)...
January 20, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353220/quantification-of-spheno-occipital-synchondrosis-fusion-in-a-contemporary-malaysian-population
#16
Salina Hisham, Ambika Flavel, Nurliza Abdullah, Mohamad Helmee Mohamad Noor, Daniel Franklin
Timing of fusion of the spheno-occipital synchondrosis (SOS) is correlated with age. Previous research, however, has demonstrated variation in the timing of closure among different global populations. The present study aims to quantify the timing of SOS fusion in Malaysian individuals as visualised in multi-detector computed tomography (CT) scans and to thereafter formulate age estimation models based on fusion status. Anonymised cranial CT scans of 336 males and 164 females, aged 5-25 years, were acquired from the National Institute of Forensic Medicine, Hospital Kuala Lumpur and Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Hospital Sultanah Aminah...
January 8, 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353216/an-efficient-swarm-intelligence-approach-to-feature-selection-based-on-invasive-weed-optimization-application-to-multivariate-calibration-and-classification-using-spectroscopic-data
#17
Saheleh Sheykhizadeh, Abdolhossein Naseri
Variable selection plays a key role in classification and multivariate calibration. Variable selection methods are aimed at choosing a set of variables, from a large pool of available predictors, relevant to the analyte concentrations estimation, or to achieve better classification results. Many variable selection techniques have now been introduced among which, those which are based on the methodologies of swarm intelligence optimization have been more respected during a few last decades since they are mainly inspired by nature...
January 12, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353179/features-of-borderline-personality-disorder-as-a-mediator-of-the-relation-between-childhood-traumatic-experiences-and-psychosis-like-experiences-in-patients-with-mood-disorder
#18
Ilya Baryshnikov, Kari Aaltonen, Jaana Suvisaari, Maaria Koivisto, Martti Heikkinen, Grigori Joffe, Erkki Isometsä
BACKGROUND: Psychosis-like experiences (PEs) are common in patients with non-psychotic disorders. Several factors predict reporting of PEs in mood disorders, including mood-associated cognitive biases, anxiety and features of borderline personality disorder (BPD). Childhood traumatic experiences (CEs), often reported by patients with BPD, are an important risk factor for mental disorders. We hypothesized that features of BPD may mediate the relationship between CEs and PEs. In this study, we investigated the relationships between self-reported PEs, CEs and features of BPD in patients with mood disorders...
January 17, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353177/psychiatric-disorders-and-compliance-with-prenatal-care-a-10-year-retrospective-cohort-compared-to-controls
#19
Joseph Ben-Sheetrit, Liat Huller-Harari, Michal Rasner, Nehemia Magen, Nitsa Nacasch, Paz Toren
BACKGROUND: Inadequate prenatal care has been associated with adverse perinatal outcomes. We sought to compare compliance with prenatal care visits (PCV), oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and serum alfa-fetoprotein (aFP) in women with psychiatric disorders (PD) and healthy controls. METHODS: Subjects were 5395 women (1043 PD and 4352 controls), members of Clalit Health Services (Tel-Aviv district, Israel), who gave birth during 2004-2014. We used Generalized Estimating Equations with binary-logistic models, considering consecutive pregnancies as repeated measures with unbalanced design...
January 17, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353153/productivity-losses-due-to-premature-mortality-from-cancer-in-brazil-russia-india-china-and-south-africa-brics-a-population-based-comparison
#20
Alison Pearce, Linda Sharp, Paul Hanly, Anton Barchuk, Freddie Bray, Marianna de Camargo Cancela, Prakash Gupta, Filip Meheus, You-Lin Qiao, Freddy Sitas, Shao-Ming Wang, Isabelle Soerjomataram
BACKGROUND: Over two-thirds of the world's cancer deaths occur in economically developing countries; however, the societal costs of cancer have rarely been assessed in these settings. Our aim was to estimate the value of productivity lost in 2012 due to cancer-related premature mortality in the major developing economies of Brazil, the Russian Federation, India, China and South Africa (BRICS). METHODS: We applied an incidence-based method using the human capital approach...
January 16, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology
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