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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694284/publicly-funded-oral-chronic-hepatitis-b-treatment-patterns-in-ontario-over-16-years-an-ecologic-study
#1
Mina Tadrous, Mayur Brahmania, Diana Martins, Sandra Knowles, Harry L A Janssen, Muhammad M Mamdani, David N Juurlink, Tara Gomes
BACKGROUND: Reimbursement for the use of hepatitis B virus (HBV) treatments has not been previously reported for public payers. OBJECTIVE: To describe the number of users and total cost of HBV treatments over the last 16 years among residents of Ontario, Canada, who were covered by the public drug program. METHODS: We conducted a repeated cross-sectional study for HBV treatments reimbursed by the public drug program in Ontario from January 1, 2000, to December 31, 2015...
May 2018: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694204/direct-visualization-of-valence-electron-motion-using-strong-field-photoelectron-holography
#2
Mingrui He, Yang Li, Yueming Zhou, Min Li, Wei Cao, Peixiang Lu
Watching the valence electron move in molecules on its intrinsic timescale has been one of the central goals of attosecond science and it requires measurements with subatomic spatial and attosecond temporal resolutions. The time-resolved photoelectron holography in strong-field tunneling ionization holds the promise to access this realm. However, it remains to be a challenging task hitherto. Here we reveal how the information of valence electron motion is encoded in the hologram of the photoelectron momentum distribution (PEMD) and develop a novel approach of retrieval...
March 30, 2018: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694162/stimulated-x-ray-emission-spectroscopy-in-transition-metal-complexes
#3
Thomas Kroll, Clemens Weninger, Roberto Alonso-Mori, Dimosthenis Sokaras, Diling Zhu, Laurent Mercadier, Vinay P Majety, Agostino Marinelli, Alberto Lutman, Marc W Guetg, Franz-Josef Decker, Sébastien Boutet, Andy Aquila, Jason Koglin, Jake Koralek, Daniel P DePonte, Jan Kern, Franklin D Fuller, Ernest Pastor, Thomas Fransson, Yu Zhang, Junko Yano, Vittal K Yachandra, Nina Rohringer, Uwe Bergmann
We report the observation and analysis of the gain curve of amplified Kα x-ray emission from solutions of Mn(II) and Mn(VII) complexes using an x-ray free electron laser to create the 1s core-hole population inversion. We find spectra at amplification levels extending over 4 orders of magnitude until saturation. We observe bandwidths below the Mn 1s core-hole lifetime broadening in the onset of the stimulated emission. In the exponential amplification regime the resolution corrected spectral width of ∼1...
March 30, 2018: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693413/edible-insects-defining-knowledge-gaps-in-biological-and-ethical-considerations-of-entomophagy
#4
Isabella Pali-Schöll, Regina Binder, Yves Moens, Friedrich Polesny, Susana Monsó
While seeking novel food sources to feed the increasing population of the globe, several alternatives have been discussed, including algae, fungi or in vitro meat. The increasingly propagated usage of farmed insects for human nutrition raises issues regarding food safety, consumer information and animal protection. In line with law, insects like any other animals must not be reared or manipulated in a way that inflicts unnecessary pain, distress or harm on them. Currently, there is a great need for research in the area of insect welfare, especially regarding species-specific needs, health, farming systems and humane methods of killing...
April 25, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692739/tests-for-the-assessment-of-sport-specific-performance-in-olympic-combat-sports-a-systematic-review-with-practical-recommendations
#5
Helmi Chaabene, Yassine Negra, Raja Bouguezzi, Laura Capranica, Emerson Franchini, Olaf Prieske, Hamdi Hbacha, Urs Granacher
The regular monitoring of physical fitness and sport-specific performance is important in elite sports to increase the likelihood of success in competition. This study aimed to systematically review and to critically appraise the methodological quality, validation data, and feasibility of the sport-specific performance assessment in Olympic combat sports like amateur boxing, fencing, judo, karate, taekwondo, and wrestling. A systematic search was conducted in the electronic databases PubMed, Google-Scholar, and Science-Direct up to October 2017...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692634/chronic-pain-during-pregnancy-a-review-of-the-literature
#6
REVIEW
Shona L Ray-Griffith, Michael P Wendel, Zachary N Stowe, Everett F Magann
Background and purpose: The majority of the reviews and studies on chronic pain in pregnancy have primarily focused on the pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment options. The purpose of our review was to identify evidence-based clinical research for the evaluation and management of preexisting chronic pain in pregnancy, chronic pain associated with pregnancy, and chronic pain in relation to mode of delivery. Methods: A literature search was undertaken using the search engines PubMed, CINAHL, EBSCOhost, and Web of Science...
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691958/brain-based-treatment-a-new-approach-or-a-well-forgotten-old-one
#7
Vanya Matanova, Zlatomira Kostova, Martin Kolev
For a relatively long period of time, mental functioning was mainly associated with personal profile while brain functioning went by the wayside. After the 90s of the 20th century, or the so called "Decade of the Brain", today, contemporary specialists work on the boundary between fundamental science and medicine. This brings neuroscience, neuropsychology, psychiatry, and psychotherapy closer to each other. Today, we definitely know that brain structures are being built and altered thanks to experience...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690166/the-type-specimens-of-bees-hymenoptera-apoidea-deposited-in-the-zoological-institute-of-the-russian-academy-of-sciences-st-petersburg-contribution-i-family-halictidae-genus-lasioglossum-curtis-1833
#8
Yulia V Astafurova, Maxim Yu Proshchalykin
The type specimens of Lasioglossum Curtis, 1833 deposited in the Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences (St. Petersburg) are reviewed. Primary types of 69 taxa are illustrated and detailed information is provided (taxa include 33 described by F. Morawitz; 16 by P. Blüthgen; 15 by Yu. Pesenko (one of them with N. Davydova); four by E. Eversmann; and one by T.D.A. Cockerell). Lectotypes are designated here for the following eleven nominal taxa: Halictus anguliceps Morawitz, 1893, H. corvinus Morawitz, 1877, H...
April 13, 2018: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689917/stoneflies-of-the-genus-zwicknia-mur%C3%A3-nyi-2014-plecoptera-capniidae-from-western-switzerland
#9
Jean-Paul G Reding
Le genre Zwicknia Murányi, de la famille des Capniidae, a récemment été proposé pour inclure Capnia bifrons (Newman), ce qui a rendu nécessaire la révision du matériel collecté en Suisse occidentale et identifié précédemment comme correspondant à cette espèce. Cette révision, qui a depuis abouti à la description d'une espèce nouvelle pour la science, Zwicknia ledoarei Reding et al., est maintenant complétée, permettant de signaler la présence de deux espèces supplémentaires, Z. bifrons et Z...
February 21, 2018: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689795/taxonomic-review-of-the-subgenus-andrena-poecilandrena-hymenoptera-andrenidae-in-israel-and-the-levant
#10
Gideon Pisanty, Erwin Scheuchl, Netta Dorchin
Andrena (Poecilandrena) Hedicke is a subgenus of small solitary bees, with the greatest diversity in the Eastern Mediterranean Region-an important but understudied biodiversity hotspot for bees. We studied Andrena (Poecilandrena) collected mostly in Israel and the West Bank, and make several additions to the regional fauna. We provide the first comprehensive review of Andrena (Poecilandrena) species currently known from Israel, the West Bank, Jordan, Lebanon and Syria, including diagnostic keys to females and males, descriptions of new species and unknown sexes, and detailed information for each taxon regarding distribution, phenology and flower visitation...
January 18, 2018: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689133/behavioral-economics-a-new-lens-for-understanding-genomic-decision-making
#11
Scott Emory Moore, Holley H Ulbrich, Kenneth Hepburn, Bonnie Holaday, Rachel Mayo, Julia Sharp, Rosanne H Pruitt
PURPOSE: This article seeks to take the next step in examining the insights that nurses and other healthcare providers can derive from applying behavioral economic concepts to support genomic decision making. As genomic science continues to permeate clinical practice, nurses must continue to adapt practice to meet new challenges. Decisions associated with genomics are often not simple and dichotomous in nature. They can be complex and challenging for all involved. DESIGN: This article offers an introduction to behavioral economics as a possible tool to help support patients', families', and caregivers' decision making related to genomics...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689127/concept-analysis-and-the-advance-of-nursing-knowledge-state-of-the-science
#12
Beth L Rodgers, Cynthia S Jacelon, Kathleen A Knafl
PURPOSE: Despite an overwhelming increase in the number of concept analyses published since the early 1970s, there are significant limitations to the impact of this work in promoting progress in nursing science. DESIGN: We conducted an extensive review of concept analyses published between 1972 and 2017 to identify patterns in analysis and followed this with exploration of an exemplar related to the concept of normalization to demonstrate the capabilities of analysis for promoting concept development and progress...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688384/the-tragedy-of-the-biodiversity-data-commons-a-data-impediment-creeping-nigher
#13
Nora Escribano, David Galicia, Arturo H Ariño
Researchers are embracing the open access movement to facilitate unrestricted availability of scientific results. One sign of this willingness is the steady increase in data freely shared online, which has prompted a corresponding increase in the number of papers using such data. Publishing datasets is a time-consuming process that is often seen as a courtesy, rather than a necessary step in the research process. Making data accessible allows further research, provides basic information for decision-making and contributes to transparency in science...
January 1, 2018: Database: the Journal of Biological Databases and Curation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688318/revisiting-the-scientific-method-to-improve-rigor-and-reproducibility-of-immunohistochemistry-in-reproductive-science
#14
Sharrón L Manuel, Brian W Johnson, Charles W Frevert, Francesca E Duncan
Immunohistochemistry (IHC) is a robust scientific tool whereby cellular components are visualized within a tissue, and this method has been and continues to be a mainstay for many reproductive biologists. IHC is highly informative if performed and interpreted correctly, but studies have shown that the general use and reporting of appropriate controls in IHC experiments is low. This omission of the scientific method can result in data that lacks rigor and reproducibility. In this editorial, we highlight key concepts in IHC controls and describe an opportunity for our field to partner with the Histochemical Society to adopt their IHC guidelines broadly as researchers, authors, ad hoc reviewers, editorial board members, and editors-in-chief...
April 21, 2018: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687920/jewish-christian-and-muslim-theological-perspectives-about-xenotransplantation
#15
Wayne Paris, Rabbi Jerry H Seidler, Kevin FitzGerald, Aasim I Padela, Emanuele Cozzi, David K C Cooper
BACKGROUND: This paper is based on a theological symposium presented at the International Xenotransplantation Association's 14th Congress held in Baltimore, MD, September, 2017. METHODS: The information explores the Jewish, Christian and Muslim theological perceptions and perspectives about cross-species (ie pig-to-human) organ transplantation, the genetic alterations required in the organ-source pig, and their potential to influence individual acceptance of the procedure...
April 24, 2018: Xenotransplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686867/nutritional-status-of-children-ages-0-5-and-5-10-years-old-in-households-headed-by-fisherfolks-in-the-philippines
#16
Mario V Capanzana, Divorah V Aguila, Glen Melvin P Gironella, Kristine V Montecillo
Background: The study aimed to analyze the nutritional status of Filipino children ages 0-60 months (0-5.0 years old) and 61-120 months (5.08-10.0 years old) in households headed by fisherfolks. Methods: The 8th National Nutrition Survey (NNS) data collected by the Food and Nutrition Research Institute, Department of Science and Technology (FNRI-DOST) was used in the study. There were 13,423 young children and 16,398 schoolchildren participants for anthropometry component...
2018: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685869/web-based-patient-education-in-orthopedics-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Tessa Dekkers, Marijke Melles, Bob Sander Groeneveld, Huib de Ridder
BACKGROUND: Patients with orthopedic conditions frequently use the internet to find health information. Patient education that is distributed online may form an easily accessible, time- and cost-effective alternative to education delivered through traditional channels such as one-on-one consultations or booklets. However, no systematic evidence for the comparative effectiveness of Web-based educational interventions exists. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review was to examine the effects of Web-based patient education interventions for adult orthopedic patients and to compare its effectiveness with generic health information websites and traditional forms of patient education...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685298/the-suitability-of-visual-taphonomic-methods-for-digital-photographs-an-experimental-approach-with-pig-carcasses-in-a-tropical-climate
#18
Agathe Ribéreau-Gayon, Carolyn Rando, Ruth M Morgan, David O Carter
In the context of increased scrutiny of the methods in forensic sciences, it is essential to ensure that the approaches used in forensic taphonomy to measure decomposition and estimate the postmortem interval are underpinned by robust evidence-based data. Digital photographs are an important source of documentation in forensic taphonomic investigations but the suitability of the current approaches for photographs, rather than real-time remains, is poorly studied which can undermine accurate forensic conclusions...
May 2018: Science & Justice: Journal of the Forensic Science Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684833/antecedents-mediators-and-outcomes-of-authentic-leadership-in-healthcare-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Bayan Alilyyani, Carol A Wong, Greta Cummings
BACKGROUND: Leaders are essential in every organization to achieve patient safety and healthy work environments. Authentic leadership is a relational leadership style purported to promote healthy work environments that influence staff performance and organizational outcomes. Given recent growth in authentic leadership research in healthcare and the importance of new knowledge to inform leadership development, there is an obligation to determine what is known about the antecedents and outcomes of authentic leadership in healthcare settings and clarify mechanisms by which authentic leadership affects healthcare staff and patient outcomes...
April 7, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684522/microcalcifications-in-breast-cancer-from-pathophysiology-to-diagnosis-and-prognosis
#20
REVIEW
S O'Grady, M P Morgan
The implementation of mammographic screening programmes in many countries has been linked to a marked increase in early detection and improved prognosis for breast cancer patients. Breast tumours can be detected by assessing several features in mammographic images but one of the most common are the presence of small deposits of calcium known as microcalcifications, which in many cases may be the only detectable sign of a breast tumour. In addition to their efficacy in the detection of breast cancer, the presence of microcalcifications within a breast tumour may also convey useful prognostic information...
April 20, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
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