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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339797/the-american-society-for-clinical-pathology-s-2015-wage-survey-of-medical-laboratories-in-the-united-states
#1
Edna Garcia, Patrick B Fisher
Objectives: To inform the pathology and laboratory field of the most recent national wage data from the American Society for Clinical Pathology (ASCP). Historically, the results of this biennial survey have served as a basis for additional research on laboratory recruitment, retention, education, marketing, certification, and advocacy. Methods: The 2015 wage survey was conducted through collaboration between the ASCP's Institute of Science, Technology, & Policy in Washington, DC, and the ASCP Board of Certification in Chicago, Illinois...
February 26, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338367/full-participation-of-students-with-physical-disabilities-in-science-and-engineering-laboratories
#2
Hervens Jeannis, James Joseph, Mary Goldberg, Katherine Seelman, Mark Schmeler, Rory A Cooper
PURPOSE: To conduct a literature review identifying barriers and facilitators students with physical disabilities (SwD-P) may encounter in science and engineering (S&E) laboratories. METHOD: Publications were identified from 1991 to 2015 in ERIC, web of science via web of knowledge, CINAHL, SCOPUS, IEEEXplore, engineering village, business source complete and PubMed databases using search terms and synonyms for accommodations, advanced manufacturing, additive manufacturing, assistive technology (AT), barriers, engineering, facilitators, instructor, laboratory, STEM education, science, students with disabilities and technology...
March 24, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338040/regular-supervised-fluoride-mouthrinse-use-by-children-and-adolescents-associated-with-caries-reduction
#3
Mishel Shahid
Data sourcesCochrane Oral Health Group's Trials Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Medline, Embase, CINAHL, LILACS, BBO, Proquest Dissertations and Theses, Web of Science Conference Proceedings, ClinicalTrials.gov and the WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform.Study selectionRandomised or quasi-randomised controlled trials where blind outcome assessment was stated or indicated, comparing fluoride mouthrinse with placebo or no treatment in children up to 16 years of age with a duration of at least 12 months...
March 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338016/superposition-free-comparison-and-clustering-of-antibody-binding-sites-implications-for-the-prediction-of-the-nature-of-their-antigen
#4
Lorenzo Di Rienzo, Edoardo Milanetti, Rosalba Lepore, Pier Paolo Olimpieri, Anna Tramontano
We describe here a superposition free method for comparing the surfaces of antibody binding sites based on the Zernike moments and show that they can be used to quickly compare and cluster sets of antibodies. The clusters provide information about the nature of the bound antigen that, when combined with a method for predicting the number of direct antibody antigen contacts, allows the discrimination between protein and non-protein binding antibodies with an accuracy of 76%. This is of relevance in several aspects of antibody science, for example to select the framework to be used for a combinatorial antibody library...
March 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337130/the-brainstem-in-emotion-a-review
#5
REVIEW
Anand Venkatraman, Brian L Edlow, Mary Helen Immordino-Yang
Emotions depend upon the integrated activity of neural networks that modulate arousal, autonomic function, motor control, and somatosensation. Brainstem nodes play critical roles in each of these networks, but prior studies of the neuroanatomic basis of emotion, particularly in the human neuropsychological literature, have mostly focused on the contributions of cortical rather than subcortical structures. Given the size and complexity of brainstem circuits, elucidating their structural and functional properties involves technical challenges...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroanatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336805/what-is-data-ethics
#6
Luciano Floridi, Mariarosaria Taddeo
This theme issue has the founding ambition of landscaping data ethics as a new branch of ethics that studies and evaluates moral problems related to data (including generation, recording, curation, processing, dissemination, sharing and use), algorithms (including artificial intelligence, artificial agents, machine learning and robots) and corresponding practices (including responsible innovation, programming, hacking and professional codes), in order to formulate and support morally good solutions (e.g. right conducts or right values)...
December 28, 2016: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336803/facilitating-the-ethical-use-of-health-data-for-the-benefit-of-society-electronic-health-records-consent-and-the-duty-of-easy-rescue
#7
Sebastian Porsdam Mann, Julian Savulescu, Barbara J Sahakian
Advances in data science allow for sophisticated analysis of increasingly large datasets. In the medical context, large volumes of data collected for healthcare purposes are contained in electronic health records (EHRs). The real-life character and sheer amount of data contained in them make EHRs an attractive resource for public health and biomedical research. However, medical records contain sensitive information that could be misused by third parties. Medical confidentiality and respect for patients' privacy and autonomy protect patient data, barring access to health records unless consent is given by the data subject...
December 28, 2016: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336800/the-ethics-of-big-data-as-a-public-good-which-public-whose-good
#8
Linnet Taylor
International development and humanitarian organizations are increasingly calling for digital data to be treated as a public good because of its value in supplementing scarce national statistics and informing interventions, including in emergencies. In response to this claim, a 'responsible data' movement has evolved to discuss guidelines and frameworks that will establish ethical principles for data sharing. However, this movement is not gaining traction with those who hold the highest-value data, particularly mobile network operators who are proving reluctant to make data collected in low- and middle-income countries accessible through intermediaries...
December 28, 2016: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336795/the-opportunities-and-ethics-of-big-data-practical-priorities-for-a-national-council-of-data-ethics
#9
REVIEW
Olivia Varley-Winter, Hetan Shah
In order to generate the gains that can come from analysing and linking big datasets, data holders need to consider the ethical frameworks, principles and applications that help to maintain public trust. In the USA, the National Science Foundation helped to set up a Council for Big Data, Ethics and Society, of which there is no equivalent in the UK. In November 2015, the Royal Statistical Society convened a workshop of 28 participants from government, academia and the private sector, and discussed the practical priorities that might be assisted by a new Council of Data Ethics in the UK...
December 28, 2016: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336794/the-ethics-of-smart-cities-and-urban-science
#10
Rob Kitchin
Software-enabled technologies and urban big data have become essential to the functioning of cities. Consequently, urban operational governance and city services are becoming highly responsive to a form of data-driven urbanism that is the key mode of production for smart cities. At the heart of data-driven urbanism is a computational understanding of city systems that reduces urban life to logic and calculative rules and procedures, which is underpinned by an instrumental rationality and realist epistemology...
December 28, 2016: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336793/compelling-truth-legal-protection-of-the-infosphere-against-big-data-spills
#11
Burkhard Schafer
The paper explores whether legal and ethical concepts that have been used to protect the natural environment can also be leveraged to protect the 'infosphere', a neologism used by Luciano Floridi to characterize the totality of the informational environment. We focus, in particular, on the interaction between allocation of (intellectual) property rights and 'communication duties', in particular, data breach notification duties.This article is part of the themed issue 'The ethical impact of data science'.
December 28, 2016: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336792/data-philanthropy-and-the-design-of-the-infraethics-for-information-societies
#12
Mariarosaria Taddeo
In mature information societies, sharing data is increasingly recognized as a crucial means to foster their development. However, competing tensions on data control and ownership, limited technical understanding, and the lack of an adequate governance framework pose serious challenges to attempts to share data among different actors. Data philanthropy, understood as the donation of data from both individuals and private companies, has been proposed as means to meet these challenges. While at first sight data philanthropy may seem an uncontroversial phenomenon, a closer analysis reveals a bewildering network of problems...
December 28, 2016: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336469/a-review-of-the-ethnopharmacology-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology-of-notopterygium-incisum
#13
REVIEW
John Teye Azietaku, Huifen Ma, Xie-An Yu, Jin Li, Mahmood Brobbey Oppong, Jun Cao, Mingrui An, Yan-Xu Chang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Notopterygium incisum Ting ex H.T. Chang, known in Chinese as 'Qianghuo' is a traditional Chinese medicinal herb with the rhizome and roots associated with meridians of the kidney and urinary bladder. It is pungent, bitter and warm in nature. It has been used over the years to disperse cold, prevent painful obstructions from wind, damp and warm pain. It has also been used with other herbs to treat wind-cold exterior syndrome and wind-cold-damp bi-syndromes and has been known to grow well in regions of high altitude such as Gansu, Tibet etc...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335981/external-cavity-quantum-cascade-laser-ec-qcl-spectroscopy-for-protein-analysis-in-bovine-milk
#14
Julia Kuligowski, Andreas Schwaighofer, Mirta Raquel Alcaráz, Guillermo Quintás, Helmut Mayer, Máximo Vento, Bernhard Lendl
The analytical determination of bovine milk proteins is important in food and non-food industrial applications and yet, rather labour-intensive wet-chemical, low-throughput methods have been employed since decades. This work proposes the use of external cavity-quantum cascade laser (EC-QCL) spectroscopy for the simultaneous quantification of the most abundant bovine milk proteins and the total protein content based on the chemical information contained in mid-infrared (IR) spectral features of the amide I band...
April 22, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335762/oral-cancer-awareness-among-dental-patients-in-omdurman-sudan-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Tasneem Mohammed Babiker, Khansa Awad Alkareem Osman, Safa Abdelrawf Mohamed, Matab Abdalrhaman Mohamed, Hatim Mohammed Almahdi
BACKGROUND: Oral cancer is a preventable disease. Its occurrence is mostly due to lifestyle. In Sudan, the use of smokeless tobacco (Toombak) has long been linked to oral cancer. Knowledge of the signs and symptoms of oral cancer may well aid in early diagnosis and treatment. This is bound to result in increasing survival rates, as well as reducing the oral cancer burden on the society. This study aimed to assess oral cancer awareness regarding knowledge of signs, symptoms, risk factors and sources of the information...
March 23, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334991/frameworks-to-assess-health-systems-governance-a-systematic-review
#16
Thidar Pyone, Helen Smith, Nynke van den Broek
Governance of the health system is a relatively new concept and there are gaps in understanding what health system governance is and how it could be assessed. We conducted a systematic review of the literature to describe the concept of governance and the theories underpinning as applied to health systems; and to identify which frameworks are available and have been applied to assess health systems governance. Frameworks were reviewed to understand how the principles of governance might be operationalized at different levels of a health system...
March 3, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334848/systematic-review-of-surveillance-by-social-media-platforms-for-illicit-drug-use
#17
Donna M Kazemi, Brian Borsari, Maureen J Levine, Beau Dooley
Background: The use of social media (SM) as a surveillance tool of global illicit drug use is limited. To address this limitation, a systematic review of literature focused on the ability of SM to better recognize illicit drug use trends was addressed. Methods: A search was conducted in databases: PubMed, CINAHL via Ebsco, PsychINFO via Ebsco, Medline via Ebsco, ERIC, Cochrane Library, Science Direct, ABI/INFORM Complete and Communication and Mass Media Complete...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334588/applying-the-chronic-care-model-to-improve-care-and-outcomes-at-a-pediatric-medical-center
#18
Jennifer Lail, Pamela J Schoettker, Denise L White, Bhavna Mehta, Uma R Kotagal
BACKGROUND: Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center launched the Condition Outcomes Improvement Initiative in 2012 to help disease-based teams use the principles of improvement science to implement components of the Chronic Care Model and improve outpatient care delivery for populations of children with chronic and complex conditions. The goal was to improve outcomes by 20% from baseline. METHODS: Initiative activities included review of the evidence to choose and measure outcomes, development of condition-specific patient registries and tools for data collection, patient stratification, planning and coordinating care before and after visits, and self-management support...
March 2017: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334372/simulations-imaging-and-modeling-a-unique-theme-for-an-undergraduate-research-program-in-biomechanics
#19
Stephanie M George, Zachary J Domire
As the reliance on computational models to inform experiments and evaluate medical devices grows, the demand for students with modeling experience will grow. In this paper, we report on the three year experience of a National Science Foundation funded Research Experiences for Undergraduates (REU) based on the theme simulations, imaging, and modeling in biomechanics. While directly applicable to REU sites, our findings also apply to those creating other types of summer undergraduate research programs. The objective of the paper is to examine if a theme of simulations, imaging, and modeling will improve students' understanding of the important topic of modeling, provide an overall positive research experience, and provide an interdisciplinary experience...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334310/different-from-trees-more-than-metaphors-branching-silhouettes-corals-cacti-and-the-oaks
#20
János Podani
There has long been ambiguity in the use of the term tree in phylogenetic systematics, which is a continuous source of misinterpretation of evolutionary relationships. The basic problem is that while many trees with phylogenetic or evolutionary relevance, such as cladograms, are consistent with graph theory, tree-like visualization of phylogeny may also be done via other types of graphics, especially botanical (or literal) tree drawings. As a consequence, the meaning of such diagrams is not always clear: a given picture may have multiple interpretations in its different parts and two figures that look similar may actually carry quite different information...
March 11, 2017: Systematic Biology
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