keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Information science

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036569/opportunities-for-epidemiologists-in-implementation-science-a-primer
#1
Gila Neta, Ross C Brownson, David A Chambers
The field of epidemiology has been defined as the study of the spread and control of disease. However, epidemiology frequently focuses on studies of etiology and distribution of disease at the cost of understanding the best ways to control disease. Moreover, only a small fraction of scientific discoveries is translated into public health practice, and the process from discovery to translation is exceedingly slow. Given the importance of translational science, the future of epidemiologic training should include competency in implementation science, whose goal is to rapidly move evidence into practice...
September 27, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035883/association-between-allergies-and-hypercholesterolemia-a-systematic-review
#2
Sara Manti, Caterina Cuppari, Lucia Marseglia, Gabriella D'Angelo, Teresa Arrigo, Eloisa Gitto, Salvatore Leonardi, Carmelo Salpietro
BACKGROUND: There is controversy in the literature regarding the potential relationship between atopic predisposition (AP) and serum cholesterol levels. To this purpose, we reviewed human studies that investigated this possible link. METHODS: Following PRISMA guidelines, a literature search of PubMed and Science Direct for peer-reviewed journal articles in English from January 2003, with updates through to August 2016, was conducted. Relevant publications were reviewed that included pediatric and adult populations...
October 17, 2017: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035082/all-for-one-or-one-for-all-authorship-and-the-cross-sectoral-valuation-of-credit-in-nutrition-science
#3
Bart Penders
The passionate pursuit of authorships is fuelled by the value they represent to scholars and scientists. This article asks how this value differs across scientists and how these different processes of valuation inform authorship articulation, strategies, and publication behavior in general. Drawing from a qualitative analysis of authorship practices among nutrition scientists employed at universities, contract research organizations, and in food industry, I argue that two different modi operandi emerge when it comes to authorship...
October 16, 2017: Accountability in Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034127/socio-demographic-factors-which-significantly-relate-to-the-prediction-of-burns-severity-in-children
#4
Khalid Alnababtah, Salim Khan
BACKGROUND: Burns are considered one of the biggest wounds and the most devastating injuries humans can receive as they have prolonged consequences which are not only physical, but psychological in addition to the cost of treatment. The aim of the study was to explore the relationships between socio-demographic factors (SDF) and the incidence and mechanisms of burn injuries in children. The objectives were to identify the multiple and various factors responsible for the occurrence of significant burns in children; to explore and investigate the relationship between these factors; to critically analyse SDF on the incidence and mechanisms of burns and to develop a contextual model with a view to informing future health care policy and health promotion programmes...
2017: International Journal of Burns and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034096/evaluating-the-impact-of-brexit-on-the-pharmaceutical-industry
#5
REVIEW
Fawz Kazzazi, Cleo Pollard, Paul Tern, Alejandro Ayuso-Garcia, Jack Gillespie, Inesa Thomsen
INTRODUCTION: The UK Pharmaceutical Industry is arguably one of the most important industries to consider in the negotiations following the Brexit vote. Providing tens of thousands of jobs and billions in tax revenue and research investment, the importance of this industry cannot be understated. At stake is the global leadership in the sector, which produces some of the field's most influential basic science and translation work. However, interruptions and losses may occur at multiple levels, affecting patients, researchers, universities, companies and government...
2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033471/using-twitter-for-demographic-and-social-science-research-tools-for-data-collection-and-processing
#6
Tyler H McCormick, Hedwig Lee, Nina Cesare, Ali Shojaie, Emma S Spiro
Despite recent and growing interest in using Twitter to examine human behavior and attitudes, there is still significant room for growth regarding the ability to leverage Twitter data for social science research. In particular, gleaning demographic information about Twitter users-a key component of much social science research-remains a challenge. This article develops an accurate and reliable data processing approach for social science researchers interested in using Twitter data to examine behaviors and attitudes, as well as the demographic characteristics of the populations expressing or engaging in them...
August 2017: Sociological Methods & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033468/the-aviation-paradox-why-we-can-know-jetliners-but-not-reactors
#7
John Downer
Publics and policymakers increasingly have to contend with the risks of complex, safety-critical technologies, such as airframes and reactors. As such, 'technological risk' has become an important object of modern governance, with state regulators as core agents, and 'reliability assessment' as the most essential metric. The Science and Technology Studies (STS) literature casts doubt on whether or not we should place our faith in these assessments because predictively calculating the ultra-high reliability required of such systems poses seemingly insurmountable epistemological problems...
2017: Minerva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033308/2017-annual-meeting-of-the-american-college-of-radiology-moreton-lecture-forecasting-the-futures-of-radiology
#8
Jeffrey C Bauer
PURPOSE: The traditional forces of change in health care are no longer working as they did in the past. Political gridlock has destroyed Washington's ability to create sensible policy for reforming the medical marketplace, creating chaos for providers. Fortunately, chaos creates opportunity. The idea of creating one's future has never been more relevant and necessary. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Predicting-the science of extrapolating future values from historical data-is not a valid method for looking ahead when causal relationships that explained change in the past are themselves being redefined (the current situation)...
October 13, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033138/do-you-believe-it-verbal-suggestions-influence-the-clinical-and-neural-effects-of-escitalopram-in-social-anxiety-disorder-a-randomized-trial
#9
Vanda Faria, Malin Gingnell, Johanna M Hoppe, Olof Hjorth, Iman Alaie, Andreas Frick, Sara Hultberg, Kurt Wahlstedt, Jonas Engman, Kristoffer N T Månsson, Per Carlbring, Gerhard Andersson, Margareta Reis, Elna-Marie Larsson, Mats Fredrikson, Tomas Furmark
BACKGROUND: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are commonly prescribed for depression and anxiety, but their efficacy relative to placebo has been questioned. We aimed to test how manipulation of verbally induced expectancies, central for placebo, influences SSRI treatment outcome and brain activity in patients with social anxiety disorder (SAD). METHODS: We did a randomized clinical trial, within an academic medical center (Uppsala, Sweden), of individuals fulfilling the DSM-IV criteria for SAD, recruited through media advertising...
September 27, 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032973/epidemiology-and-socio-demographic-risk-factors-of-self-immolation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Maryam Parvareh, Mohammad Hajizadeh, Satar Rezaei, Bijan Nouri, Ghobad Moradi, Nader Esmail Nasab
OBJECTIVE: Self-immolation or self-inflicted burn is the most tragic and violent method of suicide. The higher prevalence of this dramatic phenomenon in Iran is a serious social and health problem. In this study, we conducted a meta-analysis to combine the results from available studies to examine the epidemiology and socio-demographic characteristics of individuals who attempted self-immolation in Iran. METHOD: Pertinent studies were identified by searching the electronic bibliographic databases including PubMed, Scopus, Science Direct, Iran Medex, Magiran, Medlib and Scientific Information Database (SID) (2000-October 2016)...
October 9, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032619/first-foods-why-improving-young-children-s-diets-matter
#11
France Bégin, Víctor M Aguayo
Globally, only 52% of children aged 6-23 months meet the minimum meal frequency and a mere 29% meet the minimum dietary diversity, with large disparities across and within regions. With most of the stunting occurring during the first thousand days-from conception to age 2 years-improving complementary feeding in children 6-23 months old is an urgent priority. With this evidence in mind, UNICEF collaborated with the governments of India and Maharashtra to convene a global meeting in Mumbai, India, under the theme: First Foods: A Global Meeting to Accelerate Progress on Complementary Feeding in Young Children (November 17-18, 2015)...
October 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032365/how-does-academic-achievement-relate-to-cardiorespiratory-fitness-self-reported-physical-activity-and-objectively-reported-physical-activity-a-systematic-review-in-children-and-adolescents-aged-6-18-years
#12
REVIEW
Adilson Marques, Diana A Santos, Charles H Hillman, Luís B Sardinha
OBJECTIVE: This report aimed to systematically review the evidence for a differential association between objective and self-reported physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness on academic achievement. DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: Studies were identified from searches in Embase, Education Resources Information Center, PubMed, PsycINFO, SPORTdiscus and Web of Science databases from January 2000 to December 2016. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Eligibility criteria included cross-sectional, longitudinal and interventional study designs...
October 14, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032016/neuropsychological-outcomes-following-paediatric-temporal-lobe-surgery-for-epilepsies-evidence-from-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Alice E Flint, Mitch Waterman, Grace Bowmer, Gayatri Vadlamani, Paul Chumas, Matthew C H J Morrall
OBJECTIVE: The systematic review aimed to assess the neuropsychological outcomes of temporal lobe resections for epilepsy in children. Additional objectives included determining whether earlier age at surgery leads to better neuropsychological outcomes; the relationships between and predictors of these outcomes. METHODS: Using advanced search terms, a systematic review of electronic databases was conducted, comprising MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, Global Health, Web of Science and CINAHL...
September 19, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031933/relevant-models-and-elements-of-integrated-care-for-multi-morbidity-results-of-a-scoping-review
#14
Verena Struckmann, Fenna R M Leijten, Ewout van Ginneken, Markus Kraus, Miriam Reiss, Anne Spranger, Melinde R S Boland, Thomas Czypionka, Reinhard Busse, Maureen Rutten-van Mölken
BACKGROUND: In order to provide adequate care for the growing group of persons with multi-morbidity, innovative integrated care programmes are appearing. The aims of the current scoping review were to i) identify relevant models and elements of integrated care for multi-morbidity and ii) to subsequently identify which of these models and elements are applied in integrated care programmes for multi-morbidity. METHODS: A scoping review was conducted in the following scientific databases: Cochrane, Embase, PubMed, PsycInfo, Scopus, Sociological Abstracts, Social Services Abstracts, and Web of Science...
October 6, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031826/the-top-100-cited-of-injury-international-journal-of-the-care-of-the-injured-a-bibliometric-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Peng Luo, Ding Xu, Jia Wu, Yi-Heng Chen, Roman Pfeifer, Hans-Christoph Pape
BACKGROUND: With nearly 50 years' of development, Injury has become one of the leading journals in its specialty. The aim of this article is to identify, analyze the characteristics of the 100 most cited articles published by the journal to date. METHOD: We searched the Thomson Reuters Web of Science Core Collection for citations of all articles published in Injury since its launch. For the Top 100 most frequently cited articles, title, author name, number of authors, publishing date, citation number, country of origin, institution, pages, number of reference, type of article, study topic, study design, funding source, and level of evidence of each clinical article were recorded and analyzed...
October 9, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031651/vaccine-criticism-presence-and-arguments-on-french-speaking-websites
#16
A Nugier, F Limousi, N Lydié
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the presence of vaccine criticism on the French Web and to analyze strategies and arguments used by opponents of vaccination. METHODS: The most frequently used keywords associated with the terms "vaccination" and "vaccine" on Google.fr in September 2013 were identified and searched for individually on Google.fr. The links presented in the first three pages of results were reviewed to identify the most frequent providers of information. The proportion of critical content was determined by website type and a content analysis was performed...
October 11, 2017: Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031191/the-effectiveness-of-a-head-heart-hands-model-for-natural-and-environmental-science-learning-in-urban-schools
#17
Radha Jagannathan, Michael J Camasso, Maia Delacalle
We describe an environmental and natural science program called Nurture thru Nature (NtN) that seeks to improve mathematics and science performance of students in disadvantaged communities, and to increase student interest in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) careers. The program draws conceptual guidance from the Head-Heart-Hands model that informs the current educational movement to foster environmental understanding and sustainability. Employing an experimental design and data from seven cohorts of students, we find some promising, albeit preliminary, indications that the program can increase students' science knowledge and grades in mathematics, science and language arts...
September 18, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030527/holistic-considerations-in-optimizing-a-sterile-product-package-to-ensure-container-closure-integrity
#18
Fran L DeGrazio
A new major chapter dealing with container closure integrity (CCI) was released by the United States Pharmacopeial Convention (USP). Chapter <1207> provides a significant amount of education and guidance concerning test methodologies to prove that a system is integral and safe for use. The test method used is only one of the major considerations in approaching the challenge of proving an integral system. This paper takes a holistic review of all the major considerations needed in qualifying a new vial system for container closure integrity...
October 12, 2017: PDA Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030295/the-new-phylogeny-of-the-genus-mycobacterium-the-old-and-the-news
#19
Enrico Tortoli, Tarcisio Fedrizzi, Conor J Meehan, Alberto Trovato, Antonella Grottola, Elisabetta Giacobazzi, Giulia Fregni Serpini, Sara Tagliazucchi, Anna Fabio, Clotilde Bettua, Roberto Bertorelli, Francesca Frascaro, Veronica De Sanctis, Monica Pecorari, Olivier Jousson, Nicola Segata, Daniela M Cirillo
BACKGROUND: Phylogenetic studies of bacteria have been based so far either on a single gene (usually the 16S rRNA) or on concatenated housekeeping genes. For what concerns the genus Mycobacterium these approaches support the separation of rapidly and slowly growing species and the clustering of most species in well-defined phylogenetic groups. The advent of high-throughput shotgun sequencing leads us to revise conventional taxonomy of mycobacteria on the light of genomic data. For this purpose we investigated 89 newly sequenced species in addition to 60 retrieved from GenBank and used the Average Nucleotide Identity pairwise scores to reconstruct phylogenetic relationships within this genus...
October 10, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029692/e-health-readiness-assessment-factors-and-measuring-tools-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Salifu Yusif, Abdul Hafeez-Baig, Jeffrey Soar
BACKGROUND: The evolving, adoption and high failure nature of health information technology (HIT)/IS/T systems requires effective readiness assessment to avert increasing failures while increasing system benefits. However, literature on HIT readiness assessment is myriad and fragmented. This review bares the contours of the available literature concluding in a set of manageable and usable recommendations for policymakers, researchers, individuals and organizations intending to assess readiness for any HIT implementation...
November 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
keyword
keyword
22954
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"