keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Information science

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240835/scientific-research-on-animal-biodiversity-is-systematically-biased-towards-vertebrates-and-temperate-regions
#1
Mark A Titley, Jake L Snaddon, Edgar C Turner
Over the last 25 years, research on biodiversity has expanded dramatically, fuelled by increasing threats to the natural world. However, the number of published studies is heavily weighted towards certain taxa, perhaps influencing conservation awareness of and funding for less-popular groups. Few studies have systematically quantified these biases, although information on this topic is important for informing future research and conservation priorities. We investigated: i) which animal taxa are being studied; ii) if any taxonomic biases are the same in temperate and tropical regions; iii) whether the taxon studied is named in the title of papers on biodiversity, perhaps reflecting a perception of what biodiversity is; iv) the geographical distribution of biodiversity research, compared with the distribution of biodiversity and threatened species; and v) the geographical distribution of authors' countries of origin...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240330/regulating-black-box-medicine
#2
W Nicholson Price
Data drive modern medicine. And our tools to analyze those data are growing ever more powerful. As health data are collected in greater and greater amounts, sophisticated algorithms based on those data can drive medical innovation, improve the process of care, and increase efficiency. Those algorithms, however, vary widely in quality. Some are accurate and powerful, while others may be riddled with errors or based on faulty science. When an opaque algorithm recommends an insulin dose to a diabetic patient, how do we know that dose is correct? Patients, providers, and insurers face substantial difficulties in identifying high-quality algorithms; they lack both expertise and proprietary information...
2017: Michigan Law Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239465/vitamin-b12-bone-mineral-density-and-fracture-risk-in-adults-a-systematic-review
#3
Luciana Leal Gomes de Macêdo, Cecilia Maria Resende Gonçalves de Carvalho, Janaína Costa Cavalcanti, Betania de Jesus E Silva de Almendra Freitas
OBJECTIVE: To consolidate information available on the effect of vitamin B12 on bone mineral density and fracture risk, with emphasis on clinical trials, observational and longitudinal data conducted in humans. METHOD: A systematic review of the literature of the past decade on the role of vitamin B12 in bone mineral density and fracture risk in subjects of all ages and both sexes was performed by means of a PubMed, Science Direct, Medline and SciELO database search...
September 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239240/applications-of-mid-infrared-spectroscopy-in-the-clinical-laboratory-setting
#4
Sander De Bruyne, Marijn M Speeckaert, Joris R Delanghe
Fourier transform mid-infrared (MIR-FTIR) spectroscopy is a nondestructive, label-free, highly sensitive and specific technique that provides complete information on the chemical composition of biological samples. The technique both can offer fundamental structural information and serve as a quantitative analysis tool. Therefore, it has many potential applications in different fields of clinical laboratory science. Although considerable technological progress has been made to promote biomedical applications of this powerful analytical technique, most clinical laboratory analyses are based on spectroscopic measurements in the visible or ultraviolet (UV) spectrum and the potential role of FTIR spectroscopy still remains unexplored...
December 14, 2017: Critical Reviews in Clinical Laboratory Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238684/a-study-of-clinical-significance-of-the-depth-of-olfactory-fossa-in-patients-undergoing-endoscopic-sinus-surgery
#5
Ashok Murthy V, Bollineni Santosh
The endoscope has revolutionized the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the nose and paranasal sinuses. Endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS), like all minimally invasive surgery, is designed to combine an excellent outcome with minimal patient discomfort. Successful outcome with minimal complications can only be achieved with good knowledge of the endoscopic anatomy, appropriate training in the procedure and the understanding of the anatomical variations. The intraoperative complications of ESS are bleeding and injury to surrounding structures commonly the orbital structures and fovea ethmoidalis...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238511/health-information-technology-and-health-care-activists-where-is-the-place-of-iranians
#6
Mobina Ghoochani, Mehdi Kahouei, Morteza Hemmat, Hesamedin Askari Majdabadi, Ali Valinejadi
Background: The level of knowledge and using health information technology by clinicians, students and staff has always been one of the essential issues in the field of health. Objective: The objective of the present study was to evaluate HIT knowledge, attitude, and practice habits among health care professionals and students in educational hospitals in Iran. Methods: This case study was carried out in 2016 on 539 personnel of 65 educational hospitals in Iran entailing three subgroups of physicians (n=128), medical students (n=97), and health record staff (n=314)...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238505/surveying-the-factor-structure-and-reliability-of-the-persian-version-of-the-jefferson-scale-of-physician-lifelong-learning-jeffspll-in-staff-of-medical-sciences
#7
Fatemeh Zahra Karimi, Aytay Alesheikh, Soheila Pakravan, Mahbubeh Abdollahi, Mozhdeh Damough, Zahra Khosravi Anbaran, Leila Amiri Farahani
Background: In medical sciences, commitment to lifelong learning has been expressed as an important element. Today, due to the rapid development of medical information and technology, lifelong learning is critical for safe medical care and development in medical research. JeffSPLL is one of the scales for measuring lifelong learning among the staff of medical sciences that has never been used in Iran. Objectives: The aim of the present study was to determine the factor structure and reliability of the Persian version of JeffSPLL among Persian-speaking staff of universities of medical sciences in Iran...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238495/assessment-of-life-skills-of-medical-students-in-mashhad-iran-in-2015
#8
Arash Akhavan Rezayat, Shabnam Niroumand, Elham Shiehzadeh, Ali Saghebi, Reza Rahimzadeh Oskooie, Maliheh Dadgarmoghaddam
Background: Developing social skills and mental health is a crucial part of the psychosocial health status of medical students. Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the life skills of medical students in Mashhad University of Medical Sciences (MUMS). Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed in Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Iran in 2015. By census method, 146 interns were entered into the study. The life skill questionnaire, consisting of 144 questions, was used as the measurement tool...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238085/communication-dynamics-in-complex-brain-networks
#9
REVIEW
Andrea Avena-Koenigsberger, Bratislav Misic, Olaf Sporns
Neuronal signalling and communication underpin virtually all aspects of brain activity and function. Network science approaches to modelling and analysing the dynamics of communication on networks have proved useful for simulating functional brain connectivity and predicting emergent network states. This Review surveys important aspects of communication dynamics in brain networks. We begin by sketching a conceptual framework that views communication dynamics as a necessary link between the empirical domains of structural and functional connectivity...
December 14, 2017: Nature Reviews. Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237858/humans-as-a-model-for-understanding-biological-fundamentals
#10
REVIEW
Sarah F Brosnan, Erik Postma
How special are humans? This question drives scholarly output across both the sciences and the humanities. Whereas some disciplines, and the humanities in particular, aim at gaining a better understanding of humans per se, most biologists ultimately aim to understand life in general. This raises the question of whether and when humans are acceptable, or even desirable, models of biological fundamentals. Especially for basic biological processes, non-human species are generally accepted as a relevant model to study topics for which studying humans is impractical, impossible, or ethically inadvisable, but the reverse is controversial: are humans 'too unique' to be informative with respect to biological fundamentals relevant to other species? Or are there areas where we share key components, or for which our very uniqueness serves to allow novel explorations? In this special feature, authors from disciplines including biology, psychology, anthropology, neuroscience and philosophy tackle this question...
December 20, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237583/high-yield-hiv-testing-facilitated-linkage-to-care-and-prevention-for-female-youth-in-kenya-girls-study-implementation-science-protocol-for-a-priority-population
#11
Irene Inwani, Nok Chhun, Kawango Agot, Charles M Cleland, Jasmine Buttolph, Harsha Thirumurthy, Ann E Kurth
BACKGROUND: Sub-Saharan Africa is the region with the highest HIV burden. Adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) in the age range of 15 to 24 years are twice as likely as their male peers to be infected, making females in sub-Saharan Africa the most at-risk group for HIV infection. It is therefore critical to prioritize access to HIV testing, prevention, and treatment for this vulnerable population. OBJECTIVE: Using an implementation science framework, the purpose of this research protocol was to describe the approaches we propose to optimize engagement of AGYW in both the HIV prevention and care continuum and to determine the recruitment and testing strategies that identify the highest proportion of previously undiagnosed HIV infections...
December 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237496/government-policy-interventions-to-reduce-human-antimicrobial-use-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Susan Rogers Van Katwyk, Jeremy M Grimshaw, Marc Mendelson, Monica Taljaard, Steven J Hoffman
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a recognized threat to global public health. Increasing AMR and a dry pipeline of novel antimicrobial drugs have put AMR in the international spotlight. One strategy to combat AMR is to reduce antimicrobial drug consumption. Governments around the world have been experimenting with different policy interventions, such as regulating where antimicrobials can be sold, restricting the use of last-resort antimicrobials, funding AMR stewardship programs, and launching public awareness campaigns...
December 13, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237487/adolescent-coordinated-transition-act-to-improve-health-outcomes-among-young-people-living-with-hiv-in-nigeria-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Nadia A Sam-Agudu, Jennifer R Pharr, Tamara Bruno, Chad L Cross, Llewellyn J Cornelius, Prosper Okonkwo, Bolanle Oyeledun, Hadiza Khamofu, Ayodotun Olutola, Salome Erekaha, William Nii Ayitey Menson, Echezona E Ezeanolue
BACKGROUND: Adolescents living with HIV (ALHIV) have worse health outcomes than other populations of people living with HIV. Contributing factors include lack of standard and comprehensive procedures for ALHIV transitioning from pediatric to adult care. This has contributed to poor retention at, and following transition, which is problematic especially in high ALHIV-burden, resource-limited settings like Nigeria. METHODS: Using a two-arm cluster randomized control design, the Adolescent Coordinated Transition (ACT) trial will measure the comparative effectiveness of a graduated transition and organized support group intervention against the usual practice of abrupt transfer of Nigerian ALHIV from pediatric to adult care...
December 14, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236721/survey-on-open-peer-review-attitudes-and-experience-amongst-editors-authors-and-reviewers
#14
Tony Ross-Hellauer, Arvid Deppe, Birgit Schmidt
Open peer review (OPR) is a cornerstone of the emergent Open Science agenda. Yet to date no large-scale survey of attitudes towards OPR amongst academic editors, authors, reviewers and publishers has been undertaken. This paper presents the findings of an online survey, conducted for the OpenAIRE2020 project during September and October 2016, that sought to bridge this information gap in order to aid the development of appropriate OPR approaches by providing evidence about attitudes towards and levels of experience with OPR...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236707/translating-statistical-species-habitat-models-to-interactive-decision-support-tools
#15
Lyndsie S Wszola, Victoria L Simonsen, Erica F Stuber, Caitlyn R Gillespie, Lindsey N Messinger, Karie L Decker, Jeffrey J Lusk, Christopher F Jorgensen, Andrew A Bishop, Joseph J Fontaine
Understanding species-habitat relationships is vital to successful conservation, but the tools used to communicate species-habitat relationships are often poorly suited to the information needs of conservation practitioners. Here we present a novel method for translating a statistical species-habitat model, a regression analysis relating ring-necked pheasant abundance to landcover, into an interactive online tool. The Pheasant Habitat Simulator combines the analytical power of the R programming environment with the user-friendly Shiny web interface to create an online platform in which wildlife professionals can explore the effects of variation in local landcover on relative pheasant habitat suitability within spatial scales relevant to individual wildlife managers...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236531/communication-regulatory-science-mapping-a-new-field
#16
Seth M Noar, Joseph N Cappella, Simani Price
Communication regulatory science is an emerging field that uses validated techniques, tools, and models to inform regulatory actions that promote optimal communication outcomes and benefit the public. In the opening article to this special issue on communication and tobacco regulatory science, we 1) describe Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulation of tobacco products in the US; 2) introduce communication regulatory science and provide examples in the tobacco regulatory science realm; and 3) describe the special issue process and final set of articles...
December 13, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235366/assessing-the-public-health-impact-of-using-poison-center-data-for-public-health-surveillance
#17
Alice Wang, Royal Law, Rebecca Lyons, Ekta Choudhary, Amy Wolkin, Joshua Schier
CONTEXT: The National Poison Data System (NPDS) is a database and surveillance system for US poison centers (PCs) call data. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and American Association of Poison Control Centers (AAPCC) use NPDS to identify incidents of potential public health significance. State health departments are notified by CDC of incidents identified by NPDS to be of potential public health significance. Our objective was to describe the public health impact of CDC's notifications and the use of NPDS data for surveillance...
December 13, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235167/care-for-child-development-an-intervention-in-support-of-responsive-caregiving-and-early-child-development
#18
J E Lucas, L M Richter, B Daelmans
BACKGROUND: An estimated 43% of children younger than 5 years of age are at elevated risk of failing to achieve their human potential. In response, the World Health Organization and UNICEF developed Care for Child Development (CCD), based on the science of child development, to improve sensitive and responsive caregiving and promote the psychosocial development of young children. METHODS: In 2015, the World Health Organization and UNICEF identified sites where CCD has been implemented and sustained...
January 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234992/beyond-trust-plagiarism-and-truth
#19
Bart Penders
Academic misconduct distorts the relationship between scientific practice and the knowledge it produces. The relationship between science and the knowledge it produces is, however, not something universally agreed upon. In this paper I will critically discuss the moral status of an act of research misconduct, namely plagiarism, in the context of different epistemological positions. While from a positivist view of science, plagiarism only influences trust in science but not the content of the scientific corpus, from a constructivist point of view both are at stake...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234500/moving-from-information-and-collaboration-to-action-report-from-the-3rd-international-dog-health-workshop-paris-in-april-2017
#20
Dan G O'Neill, Sylvia F A Keijser, Åke Hedhammar, Caroline Kisko, Gregoire Leroy, Aimée Llewellyn-Zaidi, Sofia Malm, Patricia N Olson, Rowena M A Packer, Jean Francois Rousselot, Ian J Seath, Jason W Stull, Brenda N Bonnett
Background: Breed-related health problems in dogs have received increased focus over the last decade. Responsibility for causing and/or solving these problems has been variously directed towards dog breeders and kennel clubs, the veterinary profession, welfare scientists, owners, regulators, insurance companies and the media. In reality, all these stakeholders are likely to share some responsibility and optimal progress on resolving these challenges requires all key stakeholders to work together...
2017: Canine Genetics and Epidemiology
keyword
keyword
22954
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"